Saturday, June23, 2018

' Rutland 913 Owners Manual Issue G'

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Rutland 913 Windcharger
Owners No SM130 Issue G 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
General 5
On Board 6
Land based 7
Blade 8
Tower Preparation 10
UP AND AND AND SM130 Issue G 261006 1 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
on your Rutland 913 purchase The utmost of care goes into
the manufacture of all our products in our ISO9002 approved factory To ensure
you get the very best out of the Rutland 913 Windcharger we recommend that
you read this manual and familiarise yourself with its contents before operating the Windcharger system
The Rutland 913 is designed to provide a direct current DC power supply via a
battery bank for 1224V equipment lighting etc It is robustly constructed and
designed to give many years of trouble free service with the minimum Please take notice of our General Guidelines Warnings Maintenance GUIDELINES
Mounting pole outside diameter MUST NOT exceed 485mm for at least the
top 05m Larger section poles must not be used as this will reduce the tower
to blade clearance In high wind conditions this could cause damage to the
windcharger by allowing the blade to come into contact with the mounting
pole A broken blade will cause turbine imbalance with consequent damage
When turning the Windcharger is capable of generating voltages in excess of
the nominal voltage The turbine must never be allowed to rotate unless it is
electrically connected to a regulator or batteries Connecting an open circuit
running turbine to the electrical system can cause serious damage to system
components owing to excessive voltage Caution must be exercised at all
times to avoid electric shock
Stopping the turbine this may be necessary to undertake battery
maintenance If possible stopping the turbine should be done in low
windspeed conditions The turbine can be slowed by rotating or orienting the
tail fin upwind this will slow the turbine sufficiently for it to be safely secured
to the pole with rope Avoid leaving the turbine tied up for any period of time
we recommend that the turbine either be covered to give protection from the
weather or removed and stored in a dry location The optional HRDX
Controller incorporates a shutdown switch
Choose a calm day to install the equipment and consider other safety aspects
No attempt to repair the system should be made until the wind generator is
restrained from SM130 Issue G 261006 2 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
The Windcharger is fitted with ceramic magnets which can be damaged by
heavy handling The main generator assembly should be treated with care
during transit and assembly
It is essential to observe the correct polarity when connecting the
Windcharger and all other components into an electrical circuit Reverse
connection will damage the Windcharger and incorrect installation will
invalidate the warranty
The fuse supplied must be fitted to protect the system unless used in
conjunction with a controller that is already fitted with a charge fuse
High winds in high winds the windchargers builtin thermostat may
operate to prevent the generator overheating In this mode the output will
cease and the turbine will temporarily speed up until such time as the lower
level temperature is reached and the generator is once again connected and
charging This may be seen to cycle in prolonged high winds particularly in
high ambient temperatures If safely accessible you may prefer to temporarily
secure the turbine
The Rutland 913 Windcharger is suitable for sailing boats and some land
based applications When storm winds are forecast the turbine can be
restrained to minimise wear and tear particularly when installed on land
based applications where Furlmatic model windchargers are normally
recommended Note that where the manufacturer recommends a furling type
windcharger should have been used the warranty is invalidated in cases of
storm damage
If in doubt refer to your dealer a competent electrical engineer or the
SM130 Issue G 261006 3 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
24 x No 10x25mm special selftapping screws
1 x fuse and fuse holder
1 x main generator assembly
6 x aerofoil blades
1 x nose cone 3 x nylon fixing screws
1 x 6mm Allen key
1 x 2way terminal block
2 x M10 buttoncap screws
2 x shakeproof washers
HRS913 Regulator USA Mariners Package only
600mm 23 Stainless Steel Tube USA Mariners Package only
In the event of loss or damage consult your dealer or the YOU WILL NEED
Suitable wire stripper
Small terminal screwdriver
Large flat blade screwdriver
Crosshead Items You Will Need
Mounting pole
Battery terminals
Connector blocks as determined by your total Items You May Have Selected
HRS913 Regulator or HRDX Charge Controller
Rutland 913 Marine Mounting Kit Part No CA1202
Rutland 913 Land Tower Rigging Kit Part Nos CA1208 CA1207
Short section of stainless steel tube to adapt into your own mounting design
Voltmeter SM130 Issue G 261006 4 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners THE location and height of the mounting pole or tower
for your wind turbine will
be the major factor in the overall performance of your system The smooth flow
of wind over land and water is often interrupted by a multitude of wind sheer and sheer describes the interference between the fast moving upper air
the slow moving air close to the ground and the resulting decrease in average
wind speed as one gets closer to the is caused by the wind passing over obstructions such as moored
boats trees and wind sheer and turbulence diminish with height and can be by putting the turbine sufficiently high above them as shown in Fig 1
Windspeed decreases and turbulence increases where obstructions also that downwind obstructions can be as detrimental to upwind is therefore
essential that the wind generator should be located in an area as
free as possible from disturbed wind flow
2H SM130 Issue G 261006 5 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
On Board Systems
The wind generator should be mounted in a safe
position a minimum of 23 metres 76 feet
above the deck and away from other obstacles
which could interfere with the blades or tail
assembly Fig 2
The Rutland 913 Mounting Kit
is available for deck
mounting or short sections of stainless steel
tube of 1200mm 47 and 600mm 23 pre
drilled are also available for your own
The Rutland 913 is designed to fit inside an
aluminium or stainless steel tube with an
internal diameter of 41mm 1
IMPORTANT The external diameter MUST
NOT exceed 485mm 1 see Warning in
Suitable tubes Stainless Steel 13416 SWG
Aluminium 178 10 SWG
We suggest the following mountings according
to preference and site Push pit Fig3
A suitable pole mounted to the deck with deck
plates and guy ropes is the most popular method
of mounting the Windcharger on yachts eg
Rutland 913 Mounting Kit
Mizzen Fig4
Fig5 Mizzen mounting is suitable on larger yachts
taking advantage of greater wind flow the
higher the wind turbine is mounted
River Boats Fig5
A pivot pole is ideal for riverboats as the
Windcharger can easily be raised and SM130 Issue G 261006 6 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Land Based Systems
The Rutland 913 is suitable for some land based
temporary and leisure We recommend the Furlmatic model
windchargers for land based remote and
exposed locations
The Rutland 913 is designed to fit inside
aluminium stainless or steel tube with an
internal diameter of 41mm 1
IMPORTANT The external diameter MUST
Centre pivoted pole NOT exceed 485mm 1 see Warning in
Fig7 A suitable mounting pole can be erected using a
65 metre 21 feet galvanised medium tube
The tube must be supported by a minimum of
four guy lines The attachment points for the
guy lines to the tower should be securely fixed
to the tower
The guy wires should be a minimum of 4mm
016 in diameter
The shackles should be a minimum of 5mm
020 in diameter
Rigging screws should be a minimum of
Base pivoted with gin pole 5mm 020 in diameter
All items should be galvanised or stainless
steel for protection against corrosion
Where guy lines are looped the loop must
incorporate a thimble and be fitted with a
minimum of three rope grips
All ground fixings must be made suitable
according to the terrain
We suggest pivot type towers as these allow for
easier installation and lowering for access to the
wind generator Two forms of pivot tower are
suggested in Figs 6 7
A basehinged 64m tall Land Tower Kit Part
NoCA1208 and Rigging Kit
Part NoCA1207 are available from SM130 Issue G 261006 7 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Blade Assembly Fig8
1 Place the generator assembly on a flat surface
hubside down
2 Position blade as shown The blades will
only fit one way round Insert the
protrusion at the trailing edge of the blade
root fixing first into socket to align with the
corresponding recess in the blade socket
The blade can then be easily inserted with a
lever action Gentle assistance with a soft
faced mallet may be required
3 Four screws are required for each blade
Secure each blade with two special self
tapping screws provided by inserting each in
turn through the cutout in the nacelle
rotating the generator each time until the
holes align Caution It is essential that all 4
screws are fitted
4 Fit the remaining blade screws from the front
of the generator hub
5 Check tightness of all screws Do not over
6 Fit the plastic nose dome in position on the
front of the generator hub and secure in place
with the three nylon screws provided
Alternatively the blades and nose dome can be
fitted after mounting the generator assembly to
the SM130 Issue G 261006 8 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Tower Preparation Fig9
Fig 9
Having selected a suitable pole from the
guidelines on pages 6 and 7
1 The post adapter fitted to the 913 is designed
to fit inside a standard 41mm 1 internal
diameter tube The adapter is provided with a
flat on one side to clear the weld seam on
seamed pipe
2 Mark and centrepunch two positions
diametrically opposite at 90 to the pipe
seam if necessary 20mm NOTE Use metric
measurements for this operation from top of
the tube
3 Drill two holes 105mm NOTE Use metric
measurements for this operation in diameter
on centrepunch positions
Note When using the Rutland 913 Mounting
Kit items 2 and 3 can be ignored as the unit is
SM130 Issue G 261006 9 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Total 12v
LeisureDeep Cycle batteries are specifically
1440Wh designed for good performance in terms of
cycles Batteries are the most
12v important part of your battery charging system
and should be sized according to your load
requirements and provide at least 3 days reserve
capacity This will reduce cycling prolong the
life of the battery and ensure system reliability
during periods of low wind
In parallel to increase Permanent connections should always be made
amp hours to the battery terminals Never use crocodile
clips or similar devices Battery terminals
should be well greased with petroleum jelly or
We strongly recommend that one of the voltage
Total 24v Fig11
60Ah regulators available from Marlec is fitted to
1440Wh prevent batteries becoming overcharged in
strong winds and is essential with gelsealed
Batteries may be linked as shown in the figures
12v 10 and 11 It is essential to observe polarity as
Red is Positive
In series to increase Black is Negative
CABLE Cable Size
Run 12V 24V The cable used for connection of the
m mm AWG mm AWG Windcharger to the batteries should be in
020 25 13 15 15 accordance with table 1 The use of a smaller
2130 4 11 25 13 cable than recommended will reduce the
3145 6 9 4 11 performance of the charging system
4680 10 7 6 9
Cable and connectors are available from your
dealer or the Document SM130 Issue G 261006 10 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners CONNECTION FITTING TO THE TOWER
1 Run the cable selected see Table 1 down the inside of the pole
2 Select one of the 2 basic wiring systems on page 12 and follow the manual
provided with the voltage Fit the inline fuse and fuse holder in the circuit where the HRS type or no
regulator is used It is essential that a charge fuse is fitted but note that some
Marlec controllers incorporate one negating the need for a separate fuse Cut
the fuse holder cable and strip back the ends to allow connection in the circuit
Fig 12
20A Fuse
and Fuse holder
4 Connect the wind generator flying leads to the cable protruding from the tower
using the connector block supplied taking care to observe polarity Connect
the windcharger to cable and windcharger to cable
Red is Positive
Black is Negative
5 Wrap the connection with insulation tape to from environment
Alternatively join the cables using a latchingtype plug and socket
6 Locate the wind generator into the tower whilst gently easing the cable from
the tower base to ensure the cable is not trapped Secure the wind generator to
the tower using the button cap screws and shake proof washers provided
tighten using the 6mm Allen key MECHANICAL CHECK
1 Check the tightness of the blade fixing screws and generator mounting screws
2 Check free rotation of the hub and yaw SM130 Issue G 261006 11 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Rutland 913 with HRS913 Regulator Wiring Diagram
Rutland 913
Red Brown
Black Black Red
Charge Fuse
913 with HRDX Controller
Solar Panel
100 Watts
Rutland 913
Battery Battery
Document SM130 Issue G 261006 12 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
Before raising and securing the wind generator check that
1 All final mechanical checks have been made
2 The cable is not trapped
3 All electrical connections are secure and safe
The wind generator can now be raised into position
Take care to avoid all moving parts when raising and lowering the wind
When raised secure the structure firmly in an upright position The
performance of your Windcharger can be impaired if the pole is not AND curve shown below is for ideal nonturbulent wind conditions this may not be
achieved in some Charge into 12v Battery Amperes Charge into 24v Battery Amperes
20 10
18 9
14 MPH Knots x 115 7
MS Knots x 515
12 6
10 5
8 4
6 3
4 2
2 1
0 0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Windspeed SM130 Issue G 261006 13 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners AND Rutland 913 requires no scheduled maintenance but an annual be
carried out to monitor the general condition of the system to ensure and mechanical integrity and safety of the Before inspection the turbine should
either be lowered to the ground
or tied to prevent the generator from turning To stop the generator from as follows
1 Either rotate the switch to stall mode on the HRDX Controller if used OR turn
the wind generator out of the wind 180 using the tail a hole is provided in the
tail fin to assist in this The generator will gradually slow down
2 Tie a blade to the mounting pole to prevent it from the generator is stationary the following routine checks should Check the blades for damage eg
chips or nicks Replace any damaged blades
The turbine should not be operated with damaged blades as this may cause
imbalance resulting in premature wear and possible failure Check the blade
screws for tightness
2 Check all other nuts bolts and screws for tightness
3 Check the yaw axis for free rotation
4 Check tower assembly for condition
5 Check the tension of the guy wires if applicable The tension of guy wires
should be checked frequently during the first year
6 The unit can be wiped with a mild detergent and rinsed with water to remove
dirt and The Windcharger is designed for continuous running to achieve to water ingress should the unit be restrained for any extended period it
is recommended that it be SM130 Issue G 261006 14 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners the unlikely event that your Rutland 913 should develop a defect the
first be tied to prevent the blades from turning to perform the static tests
below Follow the procedure described in the Inspection and Maintenance section
It will be necessary to let it run for the tests to check for power Read the Electrical Connection and Up and Running sections and be satisfied
that your system complies
2 Is there sufficient wind The Rutland 913 needs 5 knots wind speed to start
charging The wind speed across the turbine blades may be greatly reduced in a
marina or builtup area compared with the reading on a masthead anemometer or
weather reports
3 Static Tests
Is the battery in good condition Check the voltage and electrolyte level of
each battery
Check electrical continuity throughout the system especially corrosion and
poor connections in cable joins and connector blocks
4 Running Tests
Check for power output from the windcharger following this procedure
A Set a digital multimeter to DC Amps scale of between 5 and 10 if possible
Connect the meter positive probe to the wind generator output positive cable
and the meter negative to the regulator input positive Provided there is
sufficient wind there should be a current reading This establishes that power is
being delivered
B Using the same multimeter setting as above measure between the regulator to
battery and the battery Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a
current reading This establishes if power is passing through the regulator
C If both above are unsuccessful set the multimeter to DC Volts Disconnect the
wind generator from the regulator and connect the meter to the wind
generator and the meter to the wind generator Provided there is sufficient
wind there should be a variable voltage reading according to the speed of the
wind seen at the wind turbine This will establish if the wind generator is able
to deliver power or not
D If tests A and C are successful but test B fails to produce results connect the
wind generator directly to the battery Set the digital multimeter to DC Amps
and measure power between the wind generator and the battery If a
reading is measured providing there is sufficient wind then the regulator is
E If the wind turbine fails to deliver any current or open circuit V reading
undertake the further tests SM130 Issue G 261006 15 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners Manual
5 Mechanical inspection It may be necessary to remove the windcharger from
its pole for the following tests
Check the brushes and slipring for wear or damage To inspect the brushes
remove the nacelle by removing the three fixing screws and slide the nacelle
backwards towards the tail fin The brushes and slipring can be inspected by
removing the four selftapping screws holding the brush holder assembly in
place Remove any black deposits from slipring with emery paper Heavy
deposits and reduced power indicate a possible reverse connection to the battery
see Page 10
Check hub for free rotation with generator disconnected from battery
If the hub does not rotate freely check for a possible short circuit in the wiring
If no wiring fault is found refer to your dealer or If the above checks have identified a need for spare parts or failed to identify
the problem you should contact Marlec who can advise you of your nearest
distributor in their world wide network In the first instance we recommend
that you contact the company from whom the product was originally
in doubt refer to your dealer or SM130 Issue G 261006 16 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland 913 Windcharger Owners your future reference we recommend you note the Number
Date of of of SM130 Issue G 261006 17 Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
The Marlec Engineering Company Limited Warranty provides free replacement cover for
all defects in parts and workmanship for 12 months from the date of purchase in this respect is limited to replacing parts which have been promptly
to the seller and are in the sellers opinion defective and are so found by Marlec A valid proof of purchase will be required if making a warranty
parts must be returned by prepaid post to the manufacturer Marlec Limited Rutland House Trevithick Road Corby NN17
5XY England or to an authorised Marlec agent
This Warranty is void in the event of improper installation owner neglect misuse damage
caused by flying debris or natural disasters including lightning and hurricane force winds
This warranty does not extend to support posts inverters batteries or ancillary equipment
not supplied by the is assumed for incidental damage No is assumed damage No is assumed for damage caused by to the product or the use of any
unauthorised is assumed for use of a non furling versions of the where Marlec or one of its authorised agents finds that a a furling device should
have been used
Manufactured in the UK by
Marlec Engineering Co Ltd
Rutland House
Trevithick Rd
Corby Northants
Tel 44 01536 201588 Fax 44 01536 400211

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