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Raymarine S1000 Autopilot User Guide 81245 4




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Raymarine S1000 Guide
to the S1000 guide explains how to use the S1000
If all you want to do is power up and get going thats fine
But if you want to know more about what the S1000 can
do this guide will tell Number 812454
Date March Getting Started
System Components 2
Changing the Controller batteries 2
The S100 Autopilot Controller 3
How do I power the system on 4
Operation modes 4
Using fishing patterns 4
Power saving mode 4
GPS filtering 5
Wireless signal strength 5
Performance check 5
2 Using your S1000
How do I use the autopilot 8
How do I automatically steer straight 9
How do I follow a route from my GPS 10
How do I follow a circle pattern 11
How do I follow a zigzag pattern 12
How do I follow a cloverleaf 13
How do I dodge an obstacle 14
3 Setting up your S1000
How do I change the pattern direction 16
How do I change my boat type 17
How do I adjust the autopilot settings 18
What is Rudder Gain 19
What is Counter Rudder 20
What is Response 21
What is Auto Trim 21
4 Alarms and S1000 Alarm messages 24
Fault finding 26
Safety alarm 27
User Guide i
General maintenance 28
Dealer Maintenance Procedures 29
Product support 31
5 Important Information
Safety Notices 34
Intended Use 37
Declaration of 37
EMC Guidelines 37
Handbook Information 38
ii Raymarine S1000 Autopilot
Getting
started
Guide 1
System S1000 system comprises a Course Computer Controller and Please ensure that these have been installed and using the S1000 Installation Guide
Finally check that your system
is receiving a good GPS signal through the NMEA or SeaTalk connection
D76401
S1000 Course Hydraulic S100
Computer Pump the Controller batteries
The S100 Controller is powered by 2 AAA
batteries which are located in the back of the unit
Ensure that only good quality alkaline batteries
are used Do not use rechargeable batteries
A small crosshead screwdriver will be required to
undo the battery cover the batteries from the unit if you do not
intend using it for more than a month
the battery instructions for
proper care and disposal of used Raymarine S1000 S100 Autopilot NAVIGATE PORT Use
in PILOT
mode to power steer your boat
Press and hold for Smart Steer
NAVIGATE STARBOARD
Use in PILOT mode to power steer
your boat Press and hold for Smart
Steer
PILOT Use to activate the MODE Press to select required pilot
mode
STANDBY POWER ON
When off press to power on the S100
Use to return to manual control of
your boat when in PILOT mode
Press and hold to access Pilot Setup
Guide 3
How do I power the system on
POWER ON
Ensure that the S1000 and GPS is powered on at the vessels breaker On press and hold the STANDBY button The handset will beep the
display will read STANDBY and youre ready to go
When you first switch the S1000 on it is normal to experience a delay of
about 80 seconds while the processor stabilizes This delay also occurs
when you restart following an emergency trolling at slow speeds the autopilot may take up to 50 seconds to
acquire stable GPS signals and engage AUTO this is typical of GPS signals
at this slow speed If you try to engage AUTO during this period the S100
will display the message modes
The S100 wireless controller is automatically set to Fishing Mode Do not
select Sail or Power mode as this will cause a loss of fishing patterns
A short period of operation in AUTO mode is required before patterns This allows the course computer to stabilise using the
incoming GPS information Fishing patterns are only available from AUTO
mode not saving mode
If you are in STANDBY mode autopilot off the handset will off if no button has been pressed for 5 minutes This will help to extend
the battery life
4 Raymarine S1000 filtering
For optimum performance set GPS device filtering to OFF or WEAK see
your GPS device documentation for instructions on how to do this If the
GPS is a Raymarine device this is done Both transmit and
receive cabling should be Not all GPS devices allow filter settings to be signal signal strength 5 levels is shown on the right hand side
of the D76671
When using your S100 you can temporarily lock the to ensure that it is not accidentally operated
How do I activate the and hold the mode button until you see the key symbol and You cannot activate keylock when the autopilot is in control of do
I turn off the mode followed by the PILOT button A KEYLOCK OFF message
will be check
The S1000 is factoryset to work straight out of the box for most purposes
We therefore recommended that you test your S1000 as supplied and
adjust the settings only if you feel that performance is not Guide 5
Using your
S1000 System
D76431
6 Raymarine S1000 do I use the S1000 can steer your boat according to one of its preset modes
The modes that are available depend on your boat type Each of these
are explained on the following pages
As your S1000 uses a COG reading from your
GPS to determine the correct heading you will need to ensure that
you have travelled at over 3 knots for more than 30 seconds before
you activate the modes
POWER FISHING
AUTO AUTO
TRACK TRACK
ZIGZAG
CIRCLE
CLOVER
Guide 7
How do I automatically steer straight
To continue on your current heading under autopilot control use the
AUTO mode This will steer you in a straight line ahead otherwise AUTO mode can be used in conjunction to give you remote control of your boat
From any screen
Activates autopilot in
PILOT
AUTO mode
1 Steer your boat onto the desired
heading
STANDBY
Returns the boat to 2 Check that there are no
manual steering 3 Press the PILOT key to activate
the AUTO
AUTO mode is also available for selection via
D76451
Quick Tip the MODE button
8 Raymarine S1000 do I follow a route from my GPS
Your autopilot can follow a route that you have previously set on your
GPS or Chartplotter Ensure that your is sending valid
SeaTalk or NMEA 0183 data
press repeatedly until
From any screen
MODE
you reach TRACK 1 Press MODE repeatedly until
TRACK is displayed
PILOT
activates autopilot 2 Press PILOT to activate TRACK
in TRACK mode mode
Press when asked to 3 If a valid route is received the
PILOT
accept new heading S100 will tell you the direction
in which it will turn the boat
and the new heading it will
On arrival at each waypoint steer to Press PILOT to accept
PILOT
Press when asked to Note At each waypoint
accept new heading confirmation of turn will be
required Press PILOT to accept
D76461
TRACK
User Guide 9
How do I follow a circle pattern
When you select CIRCLE mode your current position is marked as the
center of the circle pattern Your autopilot will now gently steer your
boat into the circle of the selected size
From any screen
press repeatedly until
MODE
you reach CIRCLE 1 Press MODE repeatedly until
CIRCLE is displayed
change pattern size 2 Use the PORT and
Sml Med or Large
STARBOARD keys to change
the size S M or L if required
activates autopilot
PILOT
in CIRCLE mode 3 Press the PILOT key to activate
the CIRCLE
If your circles are gradually becoming larger increase
D76121
Quick Tip the response setting and restart the circle Raymarine S1000 do I follow a zigzag pattern
When you enter ZIGZAG mode the autopilot will use your and heading as the center line of the zigzag The now gently steer your boat into the pattern
starting with a turn 1 2
From any screen
press repeatedly until
MODE
you reach ZIGZAG 1 Press MODE repeatedly until
ZIGZAG is displayed
change pattern size 2 Use the PORT and
Sml Med or Large
STARBOARD keys to change
the size S M or L if required
activates autopilot
PILOT
in ZIG ZAG mode 3 Press the PILOT key to activate
the ZIGZAG
Fishing patterns are designed to work at speeds
D76211
Quick Tip up to 15kts Check your speed before Guide 11
How do I follow a cloverleaf pattern
When you enter CLOVERLEAF mode the autopilot will use your
current position as the center point The autopilot will then steer your
boat through a series of starboard turns repeatedly intersecting the
start point
From any screen
press repeatedly until
MODE
you reach CLOVERLEAF 1 Press MODE repeatedly until
CLOVERLEAF is displayed
change pattern size 2 Use the PORT and
Sml Med or Large
STARBOARD keys to change
the size S M or L if required
activates autopilot
PILOT
in CLOVERLEAF mode 3 Press the PILOT key to activate
the CLOVERLEAF
You can change the pattern direction in
D76221
Quick Tip PILOT SETUP See section 3
12 Raymarine S1000 do I dodge an when the autopilot is activated you are are still able to override
it If for example you encounter an obstacle or you just wish to
change direction by a few degrees
With the autopilot activated
With the autopilot activated
1 A brief press of the PORT or
STARBOARD key will make a
or 1 course change
1 course change in that
Dodge
press direction Use this method for
course changes up to 20
Large course change
SmartSteer 2 A press and hold of the PORT
press and hold or STARBOARD key will
execute a controlled turn until
returns the boat you release the button
STANDBY
to manual steering SmartSteer
3 The autopilot will now resume
on the new 1
Using the PORT and STARBOARD keys when in
D76471
Quick Tip AUTO mode allows you to powersteer your boat
User Guide 13
Setting up
your S1000 System
Raymarine S1000 do I change the pattern can change the default autopilot pattern direction
1 Press and hold STANDBY for
STANDBY Pilot Setup 2 seconds to enter PILOT
SETUP mode
press and hold
2 Press mode until the display
reads PATTERN DIRECTION
MODE PATTERN DIRECTION
3 Press the PORT or
CLOCKWISE or STARBOARD key to toggle
or between CLOCKWISE and
ANTICLOCK
ANTICLOCK
4 Press STANDBY to leave Pilot
STANDBY Normal mode setup and return to normal
mode
CLOCKWISE
PATTERN
The default direction is CLOCKWISE The first
D76491
Quick Tip turn in any pattern will always be to Guide 15
How do I change my boat type
It is possible to change the boat type on the S100 handset However
you should ensure that this setting is always set to Fishing Boat for
use with the S1000 Autopilot
1 Press and hold STANDBY for
STANDBY Pilot Setup 2 seconds to enter PILOT SETUP
press and hold mode
2 Press mode until the display
MODE BOAT TYPE reads BOAT TYPE
3 Press the PORT or
POWER STARBOARD key to toggle
or SAIL the boat type to FISHING
or FISHING
4 Press STANDBY to leave Pilot
setup and return to normal
STANDBY Normal mode mode
FISHING
BOAT
S1000 Fishing patterns are only available in
D76501
Quick Tip FISHING mode
16 Raymarine S1000 do I adjust the autopilot settings
Use the Pilot Parameters screen to fine tune your autopilot This
section is recommended for experienced users only
1 Press and hold STANDBY for
STANDBY Pilot Setup 2 seconds to enter PILOT SETUP
mode
press and hold
2 Press mode until the display
MODE SETUP reads SETUP
3 Press the PILOT key to access
PILOT detailed setup menu
4 Press mode to scroll thorugh
then the available settings The
MODE to scroll through settings current value for each will be
displayed alongside
5 Press the PILOT key to adjust
to adjust value
the value
STANDBY
save setting and return
to Pilot Setup menu
S1000 Settings
Rudder Gain
Counter Rudder
Response
Auto Trim
Rudder Deadband
Details of each setting are given on
the following pages
Guide 17
What is Rudder Gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm and by adjusting the
rudder gain you can change the S1000s steering gain is a measure of how much helm the S1000 applies to
correct course errors higher settings mean more rudder is applied
This can be set in the range 1 to 9
To determine if your rudder gain is appropriate make a 40 turn in is correct when you make a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of
no more than 5
Gain is too high when you overshoot the turn by more than 5 and
there is a distinct S in the course A
Gain is too low when the boats performance is sluggish and it takes a
long time to make a turn There is also no overshoot B
heading
heading
Rudder gain A
too low
Rudder gain heading
too high
Correct
rudder gain
You will find it easier to recognize the steering
D76541
Quick Tip response in calm sea Raymarine S1000 is Counter rudder is the amount of rudder your
S1000 applies to try to
prevent the boat from veering off course Higher counter result in more rudder being applied This can be set in the
range 1 to 9
To determine if your counter rudder setting is appropriate make a 90 turn
in AUTO mode
Counter Rudder is correct when you make a a smooth with minimal Rudder is too high when the boat fights the turn and
makes a series of short sharp turns resulting in a very mechanical feel as
the boat changes Rudder is too low when the boat overshoots the turn
heading
Counter Rudder heading
too low A
Counter Rudder New
too high heading
Correct
Counter Rudder
You will find it easier to recognize the steering
D76551
Quick Tip response in calm sea Guide 19
What is sets the S1000 response level setting The response level controls between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm
drive activity Range is from 1 to 9
level 1 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves power but
may compromise shortterm 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well under normal operating 9 gives the tightest course keeping and
greatest rudder activity and
power consumption This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the
pilot may fight the sea
What is Auto Trim
The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the S1000 helm to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on
the default AutoTrim is set during the autolearn process
If you need to change the setting increase the AutoTrim one level at a time
and use the lowest acceptable value
decrease the AutoTrim level if the S1000 gives unstable course
keeping or producing a long S in the wake
increase the AutoTrim level if the S1000 reacts slowly to a
heading change and hangs off Raymarine S1000 Guide 21
Alarms and
Raymarine S1000 Alarm messages
When the S1000 detects a fault or failure on the system it will activate one
of the alarm messages listed in the following table
Unless otherwise stated you should respond to the alarm by to clear the alarm and return to manual control before you attempt
to resolve the problem
In some situations the S1000 will raise more than one alarm When you
have dealt with the first alarm it will display the next alarm
ALARM MESSAGE POSSIBLE CAUSE and LIMIT Serious drive failure the drive is taking too much
current due to shortcircuit or jamming Check the
drive unit and wiring
DRIVE STOPPED The autopilot is unable to turn the rudder this
occurs if the weather load on helm is too high
Check This alarm occurs if you try to activate the pilot
before it is ready Your boat must be run at more
than 3 knots for longer than 30 seconds before acti
vating the pilot
LARGE XTE This alarm will sound when you are more than
03nm from your planned track The alarm will also
state if you are to PORT or STARBOARD of the track
MOT POW SWAPPED Motor cables are connected to power terminals
and power cables are connected to motor termi
nals at course computer Turn off power and swap
over DATA The autopilot is in Track mode and
the autopilot is not receiving SeaTalk navigation
data or
your GPS is receiving a low strength signal this
will clear when the signal improves
Note The autopilot stops adjusting the heading as
soon as it loses Guide 23
ALARM MESSAGE POSSIBLE CAUSE and SOLUTION
NO GPS COG The S1000 autopilot is not receiving valid COG data
from your GPS system Check the connections and
that your GPS unit is powered on and setup to
transmit COG data
NO GPS FIX Your GPS is receiving a low strength signal this will
clear when the signal improves
NO PILOT The controller is not receiving data from the autopi
lot Check connections and that the S1000 course
computer is switched on
OFFCOURSE This alarm sounds if you have been off course from
the locked heading for more than 20 seconds It
also states if you are to the PORT or STARBOARD of
the intended INCOMPLETE The registration of your new handset cannot be
completed as the system has detected other hand
sets in the vicinity
1 Switch off all other remote handheld units and
repeat the registration process
2 If this error persists take your boat to open water
with no other vessel within 100 ft and repeat the
registration COMPLETE This sounds on the completion of a track Press
PILOT to continue on the same heading or
STANDBY for manual BATTERY The ships battery voltage has dropped below
acceptable limits check the charge state of the bat
tery
TOO SLOW Your speed has fallen below 1 knot You must be
travelling faster for the pilot to operate
TOO FAST TO FISH Fishing patterns will only operate at speeds below
15kts Check your ADVANCE You have arrived at a waypoint on your route The
autopilot is now requesting permission to turn onto
the next leg press PILOT to Raymarine S1000 finding
All Raymarine products are designed to provide many years of We also put them through comprehensive testing and procedures before shipping
If a fault occurs with your S1000 use the fault finding tables in this section
to help identify the problem and provide a solution If you cannot resolve the
problem yourself refer to the product support POSSIBLE CAUSE and is blank No power press standby to power up
the S100
or change the not responding Drive the boat for 30 seconds at above 25kts and
retry
Check autopilot connections
Check GPS is switched on and turns slowly and takes a Rudder gain too low Increase gain setting
long time to come onto course
Boat overshoots when turning Rudder gain too high Decrease gain setting
onto a new information not Navigator not transmitting the correct data
The pilot will not auto advance No bearing to waypoint information received from
to the next waypoint the powered from Check will not power up Check Guide
25
Safety alarm
When activated the Safety alarm will sound 3 times at 1 second occurs when the autopilot is in control of your boat and
the S1000 loses contact with all of its controllers including wired
the S1000 loses GPS signal
In both instances the S1000 will revert to STANDBY and you will need to
take the questions
Q Will my autopilot work at very slow speeds
The S1000 uses signals from the GPS network to determine your heading
For most effective operation your boat should be travelling above 3 mph
25 kts The autopilot will work at speeds down to 1 kt but 25 kts cannot be guaranteed as adverse wind and tide prevail
Q I am automatically following a route set on what happens when I arrive at a waypoint
As you approach a waypoint on your route your chartplotter will raise an
alarm to indicate that this is happening A few moments later the S100 will
also alarm This is indicating that the autopilot wishes to make a turn At this
point press PILOT to accept the turn onto the next leg of the route If you
press PILOT before the autopilot alarms the unit will stop following the
track revert to AUTO mode and you will continue on the current Raymarine S1000 Autopilot
Q What should I do when the safety alarm sounds
The safety alarm will sound when the pilot switches to STANDBY as a MUST take the helm
The safety alarm will sound when the pilot is in control of your boat and
the S1000 loses contact with all of its connected controllers
when the S1000 stops receiving valid GPS checks
The S1000 computer and S100 controller do NOT contain If you remove the main cover you will invalidate the warranty It
should be serviced only by authorized Raymarine service a result user maintenance is limited to the following checks
make sure all cable connectors are firmly attached and free of
corrosion
examine for signs of wear or damage replace any damaged
cables
replace batteries when the S1000 and S100
Take care when cleaning the display Avoid wiping the display screen with a
dry cloth as this could scratch the screen coating If necessary only use a
mild use chemical or abrasive materials to clean the computer If it is dirty wipe it with a clean damp Guide
27
Dealer Maintenance section includes procedures that have a significant impact on and can affect your boats safety You will not need to follow
these procedures in normal operation We therefore recommend that these
are only performed by authorized service the dealer calibration area
From STANDBY mode press and hold STANDBY for 2 seconds to enter
PILOT SETUP Then press and hold mode for 5 seconds until the screen is presses of mode will cycle through the calibration and Software version
numbers
Use this screen to display the version and serial numbers for the the and keys to adjust the contrast to a satisfactory level
Self test
Press PILOT to start the unit test sequence and then follow the This will test the display buzzer and button PILOT to display the status of the
wireless link
Handset wireless systems demand that each wireless controller to a basestation in this case a S1000 This registration process
is to prevent unauthorized control of your boat by another user nearby Your
S1000 system is supplied with the handset to the S1000
There may be instances where you want to move your controller to another
boat and use it with another system In this case you will need to the current system and register with the new system You can do this
using the REGISTRATION Raymarine S1000 Autopilot
To Register a handset
In the DEALER menu at HANDSET press PILOT REGISTERED REG
If the S100 is not registered the
will read NOT REGISTERED
START
Press to start the you can press at any time
SEARCHING
to stop the search
CANCEL
When the S1000 is found by the and registration is
complete the display will read For successful registration ensure that all other handheld units on
your boat are turned off If you try to register a new handset with others ac
tive you will see a REGISTRATION INCOMPLETE message
To deregister a handset
In the DEALER menu at press PILOT DEREG
D76741
If the S100 is already registered then
the display will read REGISTERED Press to continue or STANDBY to
cancel the S100 will attempt to communicate with the S1000 and complete the display will read NOT the S100 cannot communicate with the S1000 then a
BASE NOT FOUND
message will be displayed It is still possible to deregister the S100 at this
point by pressing To leave without press Reset
This option will clear all settings from the S100 and the S1000 Press and
hold the PILOT key for 2 seconds to activate the reset
Note A reset does not alter the registration status of the S100
User Guide 29
Product products are supported by a worldwide network of Authorized Service If you encounter any this product please contact either your national
distributor or the Raymarine Technical Services Call Center Refer to the
back cover or for contact you consider returning the autopilot make sure that the power
supply cable is sound and that all connections are tight and free If the connections are secure refer to the Fault Finding section in
this chapter
If you cannot trace or rectify the fault contact your nearest or Service Center S1000 controller and S1000 computer serial numbers
the controller serial number is printed on its rear cover
the computer serial number is printed under its connector cover
the controller and computer software version Raymarine S1000 Guide 31
Important Safety
Raymarine S1000 power switch
Should you need to power off the autopilot quickly use the inline Power Off Reset
Press
Twist
equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with contained in this handbook Failure to do so could result in poor
product performance personal injury andor damage to your boat
Before installing the S1000 computer and drive unit check that they are the
correct voltage for your boats supply
As correct performance of the boats steering is critical for safety we
STRONGLY RECOMMEND that an Authorized Raymarine fits this Electrical Safety
Make sure the power supply is switched off before you make
any electrical supply this product calibrated to default settings that
should provide initial stable performance for most boats To
ensure optimum performance on your boat you must
complete the AutoLearn procedure as described in Chapter 3
User Guide 33
WARNING Navigation aid
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable many factors can affect its performance As a result
it should only be used as an aid to navigation and should
never replace common sense and navigational maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to
situations as they Autopilot controller
If the wireless controller is your only method of operating
the autopilot ensure that an inline power switch is fitted to
the autopilot power supply as detailed in the S1000 guide
Your S1000 will add a new dimension to your boating enjoyment However
it is the skippers to ensure the safety of the boat at all times by
following these basic rules
Ensure that someone is present at the helm AT ALL TIMES to
take manual control in an emergency
Make sure that all members of crew know how to disengage the
autopilot
Regularly check for other boats and any obstacles to navigation
no matter how clear the sea may appear a dangerous situation
can develop rapidly
Maintain an accurate record of the boats position by using
either a navigation aid or visual bearings
Maintain a continuous plot of your boats position on a current
chart Ensure that the locked autopilot heading will steer the
boat clear of all obstacles Make proper allowance for tidal set
the autopilot cannot
Even when your autopilot is locked onto the desired track using a
navigation aid always maintain a log and make regular
positional plots Navigation signals can produce Raymarine S1000 Autopilot
errors under some circumstances and the autopilot will not be
able to detect these Care and Safety
Do not leave the controller in places where the temperature could exceed
60C 140F
Do not attempt to dismantle the S1000 the controller or any of off your S1000 system at a refuelling point even if you are your own vessel
The operation of some medical electronic devices such as hearing aids may be affected if a controller is used next to them Observe
the manufacturers for such frequency energy
Your S1000 and S100 are both low power radio transmitters and they are turned on they receive and transmit RF energy radio to radio frequency
energy
The S1000 and S100 are designed not to exceed the limits for exposure to RF
energy set by national authorities and international health agencies These
limits establish permitted levels of radio wave exposure for the An example of a radio frequency exposure guideline and
standard that the S1000 and S100 are designed to conform to is
BS EN 503712002 Generic standard to demonstrate the compliance of
lowpower electronic and electrical apparatus with the basic to human exposure to fields
FCC devices comply with Part 15 of the FCC Rules Operation is subject to
the following two conditions 1 these devices may not cause Guide and 2 these devices
must accept interference interference that may cause undesired or modifications to this equipment not expressly approved in
writing by Raymarine could violate compliance with FCC rules and void the
users authority to operate the of this product at the end of its useful life should be in local Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment WEEE Directive
requires the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment
Whilst the WEEE Directive does not apply to some of Raymarines
products we support its policy and ask you to be aware of how to
dispose of this product
The crossed out wheelie bin symbol illustrated above and found on our
product signifies that this product should not be disposed of in general
waste or contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine for information on product Use
This Raymarine autopilot includes the S100 controller and the which are intended for use on leisure vessels and small of Raymarine UK Ltd declare
that the S1000 and S100 are in
compliance with the essential requirements and other relevant provisions
of the Directive Raymarine S1000 original Declaration of Conformity certificate may be viewed on the
relevant product page at Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best for use in the recreational marine environment Their design
conforms to the appropriate standards but correct installation is required to ensure is not to other equipment
If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a
cable not supplied by Raymarine a suppression ferrite MUST always be
attached to the cable near to the Raymarine the best of our knowledge the information in this handbook was correct
when it went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for or omissions it may contain In addition our policy of
continuous product improvement may change As a result Raymarine cannot accept liability for any the product and the handbook
SeaTalk is a Registered Trademark of Raymarine
All other trademarks used in this document are Copyright Raymarine UK Limited 2004
User Guide 37

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