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Raymarine Spx 5r Smart Pilot Operation Guide 81329 1




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SmartPilot X5R
Drive reference 813291
Date December hsb2 RayTech Navigator Sail Pilot SeaTalk SeaTalkNG SeaTalkHS and Sportpilot are registered trademarks of Raymarine
UK Limited RayTalk Seahawk Smartpilot Pathfinder and Raymarine are registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited
FLIR is a registered trademark of FLIR Systems Inc andor its All other trademarks trade names or company names referenced herein are used for only
and are the property of their
respective owners
This product is protected by patents design patents patents pending or design patents pending
Copyright 2010 Raymarine UK Ltd All rights reserved
Information iii
Safety notices EMC Conformance Pressure washing Product documents Product disposal Waste Electrical and Electronic
WEEE Directive Warranty 1Basic Operation 1
11 Introduction 1
Extended systems 1
12 Using the control unit 2
Switching on and 2
Startup mode 2
Keypad functions 2
Displayed 3
13 Using the SPX5R Drive system to steer your boat 4
Emergency release pin 4
Replacing the pin after use 4
Standby mode steering by 4
Using the autopilot to steer to a heading 5
Changing course in Auto 5
AutoTurn 6
Avoiding 6
Steering away 6
Selecting a change of course 6
Off Course alarm 6
14 Adjusting pilot performance 7
Response levels 7
Temporarily adjusting 8
15 Display lighting contrast 8
Adjusting the display 8
16 Data pages 9
Waypoint 10
17 Alarms 10
Responding to 18 Response setup 12
Accessing response 13
Chapter 2Using Track mode 15
21 Overview 15
Requirements for Track 15
Starting position and 15
22 Procedures 16
Entering track 16
Leaving Track mode 16
Avoiding 16
Track keeping Cross Track Error 17
ii SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Large cross track 18
Tidal stream 18
Waypoint arrival 19
To steer to the next waypoint in the 19
To skip a waypoint SeaTalk chartplotters only 19
Waypoint arrival 20
Route 20
Chapter Maintenance 21
31 21
SPX5R Drive system alarm messages 22
32 Maintenance 23
Important 23
Spare parts 23
EMC Servicing and 24
Suppression ferrites 24
Pilot Controller 24
Drive 24
Routine maintenance 24
33 Customer support 26
Web support 26
Telephone and email support 26
Help us to help you 26
Product details table 27
Glossary 31
notices
WARNING Navigation aid
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable many factors can affect its performance Therefore it
should only be used as an aid to navigation and should never
replace common sense and navigational judgement Always
maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations as
they develop
CAUTION Calibration
When supplied this product is calibrated to default settings which
should provide initial stable performance for most boats To ensure
optimum performance on your boat the commissioning procedures
in the SPX5R Drive Installation Setup Guide must be completed
before this product is used
Your Raymarine SPX5R Drive system will add a new dimension to your boating
enjoyment However it is the skippers to ensure the safety of the boat
at all times by following these basic rules
Ensure that someone is present at the helm AT ALL TIMES to take manual
control in an emergency
Make sure that all members of crew know how to disengage the autopilot
Regularly check for other boats and any obstacles to navigation no matter how
clear the sea appears a dangerous situation can develop rapidly
Maintain an accurate record of the boats position by using either a navigation aid
or visual bearings
Maintain a continuous plot of your boats position on a current chart Ensure that
the locked autopilot heading will steer the boat clear of all obstacles Make proper
allowance for tidal set the autopilot cannot
Even when your autopilot is locked onto the desired track using a navigation aid
always maintain a log and make regular positional plots Navigation signals can
produce significant errors under some circumstances and the autopilot will not be
able to detect these errors
EMC Conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
standards for use in the recreational marine environment Their design and
manufacture conforms to the appropriate Compatibility EMC
standards but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating washing
Subjecting any Raymarine product to high pressure washing may cause subsequent
water intrusion and failure of the product Raymarine will not warranty product
subjected to high pressure documents
This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X5 series
Documents can be downloaded from
Part
Title
number
SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation and Setup Guide 87128
ST6002 SmartPilot Controller Quick Reference Guide 86140
Fluxgate Compass Installation sheet 87011
To the best of our knowledge the information in the product documents was correct
when they went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions in product documents
In addition our policy of continuous product improvement may change without notice Therefore Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
differences
between the product and the accompanying disposal
Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive
The WEEE Directive requires the recycling of waste electrical and electronic
equipment
Whilst the WEEE Directive does not apply to some of Raymarines products we
support its policy and ask you to be aware of how to dispose of this product
The crossed out wheelie bin symbol illustrated above and found on our products
signifies that this product should not be disposed of in general waste or landfill
Please contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
for information on product To register your new Raymarine product please take a few minutes to register online
at 1
Chapter 1 Basic Operation
11 Introduction
The SmartPilot X5 SPX5R Drive system is intended for use as an aid to steering
leisure marine craft with a fullyladen displacement up to a maximum of
4400 pounds 2000 kg for mechanically steered craft
7500 pounds 3500 kg for power steered craft
ST6002 Pilot Controller Course Computer
Drive unit
Fluxgate
compass
D107022
Your SPX5R Drive system is controlled by a Raymarine ST6002 Pilot Controller
supplied and operates in the following modes
Standby SmartPilot off You have manual control of the boat
Auto The SmartPilot steers the boat to maintain a locked heading
Track The SmartPilot steers the boat to maintain a track between two waypoints
created on a navigation aid
The SPX5R Drive system also provides
Enhanced course keeping using AST Advanced Steering Technology
AutoLearn Raymarines selflearning calibration system
Extended systems
You can connect the Pilot Controller to other Raymarine SeaTalk equipment so it can
send and receive SeaTalk data The Pilot Controller uses
Waypoint information from a SeaTalk navigation instrument to provide track
control
Boat speed information from a SeaTalk speed instrument to optimize track
keeping performance
You can also use the SPX5R Drive system with SeaTalkng refer to the SeaTalkng
Reference Manual or with any navigator or instrument that transmits National
Marine Electronics Association NMEA 0183 The SPX5R Drive system is also
compatible with NMEA2000 data accessed via SeaTalkng
The Pilot Controller can display SeaTalk and NMEA instrument data in a userdefined
selection of data pages
2 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
For further information on other connections to your system refer to the SmartPilot
X5R Drive Installation Setup Guide
12 Using the control unit
Switching on and off
When power is applied to the Pilot Controller you can use the disp button to
switch it off and on as follows
To switch the Pilot controller off ensure it is in the Standby mode then hold down
disp for approximately 5 seconds After this time a switch off count down of
4 seconds occurs Keep disp pressed during this period to switch off the
instrument
To switch the instrument back on hold down disp for approximately 1 second
If power is not applied the Pilot Controller buttons have no effect
Notes 1 Each time power to the Pilot Controller is switched on the controller is initially in the
on condition You do not need to use disp to switch the controller on
2 When the controller is on the operation of disp initiates other operating
functions as described below
Startup mode
The SPX5R Drive system always powers up in Standby mode with the Pilot
Controller display showing the boats current compass heading
Keypad functions
The SPX5R Drive system is controlled by button presses at the Pilot Controller
Button operation is confirmed with a short beep Singlebutton and dualbutton
operations are used
1 plus 10 1 plus 10
1 plus 1
Press together for 90 Press together for 90
Press for
AutoTurn to port AutoTurn to starboard
Response level
disp track
Press to display data pages Press for Track mode from
Press for 1 second for lamp Auto if a navigator is
adjust connected
Press for 3 seconds for Press to accept waypoint
contrast adjust advance
Press for 9 seconds Press for 1 second to skip
in Standby mode for waypoint
power down
When powered down press
for 1 second to power up
Course change keys
standby Port 1 Starboard 1 auto
Press for Standby mode Port 10 Starboard 10 Press for Auto mode
Press for 2 seconds to enter
Calibration mode
1 Basic Operation 3
Displayed information
The Pilot Controller display screen provides the following Variable text region up to 9 Port and Starboard
TRUE
Heading indicators
Distance units Rudder position indicator Displayed only if
no units kilometres the optional rudder reference transducer is
nm nautical miles fitted to the autopilot system Otherwise
SM statute miles this area is blank
D109101
If the optional Rudder Reference Transducer is fitted to an SPX5R Drive system a
rudder position indicator on the display indicates the current position of the rudder as
measured by the transducer The rudder position indicator can be turned on or off
during display calibration see the SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation Setup Guide
for details
4 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
13 Using the SPX5R Drive system to steer your boat
WARNING Maintain a permanent watch
Automatic course control makes it easier to steer a boat but it is
NOT a substitute for good seamanship ALWAYS maintain a
permanent watch by the helm
Emergency release pin
In the unlikely event of a steering failure remove the release pin as shown to take
manual control of the vessel
After removing the pin the drive and attached part of the torque restraint will rotate
Hold the torque restraint away from the dashboard to avoid contant with any
protruding objects
Replacing the pin after use
Inspect the Pin and RClip for any wear or damage prior to reuse
Standby mode steering by hand
At any time you wish to take manual control of the vessel and disengage the autopilot
press the standby key
Chapter 1 Basic Operation 5
TRUE
D105241
In Standby mode
You have manual control of the boat
The display shows STANDBY and the boats current compass heading
Using the autopilot to steer to a heading
Before engaging the autopilot ensure you can steer the boat by hand
then steady the boat on the required heading
To engage the autopilot for automatic steering
Press the auto key
The SPX5R Drive system will steer the boat on the chosen heading which is shown
on the display This mode is also known as TRUE
D35606
Changing course in Auto mode
In Auto mode use 1 10 1 and 10 to change the locked heading in either 1 or
10 stepsUse 1 or 10 to apply changes to port and 1 or 10 for changes to
starboard For example press 10 three times for a 30 course change to port
Port Starboard
or or
D113661
6 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
AutoTurn
In Auto mode you can carry out an AutoTurn of 90 by pressing 1 and 10 for an
AutoTurn to port or 1 and 10 for an AutoTurn to starboard
Avoiding obstacles
When your boat is under autopilot control you can change course to avoid the
obstacle then resume your previous course You can either
Manually steer away from the obstacle immediately This is especially useful
when a quick course change is required eg in an emergency situation
Use 1 10 1 and 10 to change the locked heading
Obstacle
Original
course
Dodge
D106921
Steering away
The preferred method for steering away from obstacles is
1 Press standby to return to Standby mode
2 Manually turn the wheel to steer away from the obstacle
3 Press auto to reengage Auto mode
If you do not have time to engage Standby mode eg in an emergency manually
turn the steering wheel to steer away from the obstacle whist still in Auto mode When
you have passed the obstacle press standby then auto to reengage Auto on the
previous locked heading
Selecting a change of course
1 Use 1 10 1 and 10 to select a change of course in the appropriate direction
For example press 10 three times for a 30dodge to port
2 When you are safely clear of the obstacle reverse the previous course change
For example press 10 three times to reverse a 30dodge to port
Off Course alarm
If you have been off course from the locked heading for longer than 20 seconds an
alarm sounds and the Pilot Controller shows whether the deviation is to port or
1 Basic Operation 7
deviation to port
deviation to starboard
D33155
To cancel an Off Course alarm press standby to return to manual steering If the
heading recovers or if you change course the alarm clears Note The default off course angle is set at 20 You can adjust this angle in Dealer
Calibration
see SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation Commissioning Guide
14 Adjusting pilot performance
The principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX5R Drive system is by
changing the response level This controls the relationship between the course
keeping accuracy of the SPX5R Drive system and the amount of helmdrive activity
Changing the response level should be the only adjustment you need to make to your
SPX5R Drive system on a regular basis
When you first turn on your SPX5 Drive system after installation the response will
initially be set to the default level of 5 but you can change this level in User Calibration
refer to your SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation Setup Guide for details Changes
made using user Calibration will be retained when the SPX5R Drive system is
switched off
You can also make temporary adjustments to the response level to quickly match
performance to changing conditions Note however that these temporary changes to
response level will be lost when the system is powered off with the default value
being reapplied when the system is next switched on
Response levels
As a general rule higher response values give tighter course keeping eg for
pilotage in confined and sheltered waters Lower values reduce drive activity and
conserve battery power
The SPX5R Drive system has nine levels of response
Levels 9 to 7 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity and
power consumption This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the
SPX5R Pilot may fight the sea
Levels 6 to 4 should give good course keeping with crisp well controlled turns
under normal operating conditions
Levels 3 to 1 minimize the amount of pilot activity This conserves power but may
compromise shortterm accuracy
8 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Temporarily adjusting response
Decrease Increase
response response
D105271
To make temporary adjustments to the response level as required
1 Press and release 1 and 1 to display the RESPONSE screen
Note The RESPONSE screen is set as a default data page see SmartPilot X5R Drive Instal
lation Setup Guide so you can also access it by pressing disp and then scrolling through the
data pages
2 Press 1 or 1 to change the response level
3 Press disp or wait for 5 seconds to return to the previous display
Note You will lose temporary changes to response level when the system is powered off You
can make permanent adjustments in User Display lighting contrast
Adjusting the display lighting
To adjust the display and keypad lighting
1 Hold down disp for 1 second from any mode to access the LAMP screen and turn
on the lights
1 second
D105281
2 Press disp to cycle through the possible illumination settings LAMP 3 the
brightest setting LAMP 2 LAMP 1 OFF LAMP 1 LAMP 2 LAMP 3 and so on
As you change the setting the illumination on any other SeaTalk instruments or
control units will also 1 Basic Operation 9
3 The display automatically returns to the previous mode if you do not press a
button for 10 seconds
If you press another mode button within 10 seconds you will select the associated
mode For example auto selects Auto mode standby selects Standby mode
Notes 1 You can also adjust the lighting level from other SeaTalk instruments or control
units
2 When you switch off any changes you have made to the lighting level will be lost
Contrast
To set the display contrast level
1 With the autopilot in Standby mode hold down disp for one second to access the
LAMP screen
2 Hold down disp for one second again to display the CONTRAST screen
3 Use 1 and 1 to set the required contrast level from 1 to 15
4 The display automatically returns to the previous mode if you do not press a
button for 10 seconds
If you press another mode button within 10 seconds you will select the associated
mode For example auto selects Auto mode standby selects Standby mode
16 Data pages
A series of data pages on the Pilot Controller enables you to quickly monitor various
information from your SPX5R Drive system To access these data pages
1 Press disp to access the first data page
2 Press disp again to cycle the next data page then continue this process to reach
the page you want
3 When all pages have been displayed and you press disp again the display
returns to the current SPX5R Drive system mode screen for example AUTO
When you first use your SPX5R Drive system four data pages are available as in the
following illustration but you can configure up to fifteen data pages during Display
calibration as detailed in the SPX5R Drive Installation Commissioning Guide
10 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Default data pages
Data page 4 Data page 1
Autopilot mode
Press for 1 sec to
return to previous
Data page 3 data page Data page 2
D105331
If the required information is not available for any data page dashes are displayed
Most data pages show repeated data so are for information only you cannot adjust
the values on them An exception to this is the RESPONSE page where you can adjust
the value using the 1 and 1 buttons
Waypoint names
If waypoints have been given names the Pilot Controller will display them on the
Cross Track Error XTE Bearing To Waypoint BTW and Distance To Waypoint
DTW data pages
Waypoint names of five characters or less are displayed together with the page
name as shown by screen A below
Waypoint names of more than five characters alternate with the page name as
shown by screen B below
If a waypoint name has more than nine characters the display only shows the first
nine TRUE TRUE
TRUE
Alarms
The SPX5R Drive system supports the alarms listed on the following pages When
an alarm occurs a beep sounds and the appropriate alarm message is 1 Basic Operation
11
Responding to alarms
Unless otherwise stated if an alarm occurs press standby to clear the alarm and
return to hand steering
If more than one alarm occurs as each alarm is cleared the next is displayed
Message Description and possible actions
LARGE XTE Large cross track error
Occurs if the cross track error exceeds 03 nm The alarm clears if the head
ing recovers
MOB Man OverBoard alarm
The SPX5R Drive system activates the Man Overboard alarm if it receives
a man overboard MOB message from another instrument on the SeaTalk
system It displays the text MOB instead of the waypoint number on the
XTE DTW and BTW data pages
If the autopilot is in Track mode it will sound the Waypoint Advance alarm
to notify you of the change in waypoint
NEXT WPT Waypoint advance alarm
The SPX5R Drive system activates the Waypoint Advance alarm when
ever the target waypoint changes This occurs when
you select automatic acquisition by pressing track from Auto
you request waypoint advance by pressing track for 1 second in Track
mode with SeaTalk navigators only
the boat arrives at the target waypoint and the navigator accepts the next
waypoint
you activate the Man Overboard MOB function in Track mode
When the alarm sounds the pilot continues on its current heading but dis
plays
the bearing to the next waypoint
the direction the boat will turn to take up that bearing
NEXT WPT Responding to a Waypoint Advance alarm
continued To respond to a Waypoint Advance alarm
check that it is safe to turn onto the new track then press track to accept
the waypoint advance
you can cancel the alarm without accepting the waypoint
advance by pressing standby to return to hand steering or auto to
return to Auto mode
Note Waypoint advance only operates if the SPX5R Drive system is re
ceiving valid bearing to waypoint and waypoint number OFFCOURSE Off course alarm
PT or Stb Occurs if the vessel has been off course from the locked heading for longer
than 20 seconds
PT Deviation to port
Stb Deviation to starboard
You can adjust the specified alarm angle in Dealer setup see your Com
missioning guide for details
If this happens frequently you should review autopilot performance
Seepage 7
SHALLOW Shallow alarm
The SPX5R Drive system activates the Shallow alarm if it receives a shal
low depth alarm via SeaTalk
press standby or disp to cancel the alarm
12 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
18 Response setup
The response level controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and
the amount of helmdrive activity User setup functions are accessed using a User
calibration mode Information on other setup functions is given in the SmartPilot X5R
Drive Installation Setup Guide
Note You can also make temporary changes to response during normal operation as de
scribed earlier in this Chapter
Screen Text Options
RESPONSE Range 1 to 9
Levels 9 to 7 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX Wheel system may fight the sea
Levels 6 to 4 should give good course keeping with crisp well
controlled turns under normal operating conditions
Levels 3 to 1 minimize the amount of pilot activity This conserves
power but may compromise shortterm 1 Basic Operation 13
Accessing response setup
You can access the User calibration mode only from Standby mode so to set the
response level
1 Ensure the SPX5R Drive system is in Standby mode then hold down standby
for 2 seconds The display will change to show DISPLAY CAL
2 Press disp once The display will now show USER CAL
3 Press auto to enter User calibration
The Response setup page is displayed
4 To access other User calibration pages press disp to scroll through the
calibration functions described below
5 Use the 1 1 10 and 10 buttons to change the value of each function you want
to change
6 When you have made all the changes you want to make hold down standby for
two seconds to exit calibration mode and save changes
14 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Chapter 2 Using Track mode
21 Overview
Your SPX5R Drive system provides a Track mode to enable you to follow a route or track set on your chartplotter or GPS
A track is a predefined path through a series of waypoints with each track leg being
a straight line between 2 consecutive Waypoint
Track leg
D109151
In Track mode the SPX5R Drive system will make any course changes necessary to
keep your boat on the required track and automatically compensate for tidal streams
and leeway
Requirements for Track mode
To operate in Track mode the SPX5R Drive system must receive route information
from a suitable navigation system such as
A SeaTalk compatible chartplotter or GPS unit
An NMEA 0183 or NMEA2000 compatible chartplotter or GPS unit
A SeaTalkng compatible Refer to the SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation Commissioning Guide for
connection details
Starting position and heading
Before entering Track mode ensure that the boat is as close as possible to the actual
track and course heading see Track keeping Cross Track Error on page 17 When
you enter Track mode the SPX5R Drive system will steer the boat onto the required
track
16 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
22 Procedures
Entering track mode
Starting with the SPX5R Drive system in Auto mode and your chartplotter or GPS set
to follow a route enter track mode as follows
1 Press track to enter Track mode
2 The autopilot will sound an alarm and the display will show information regarding
the next planned waypoint
3 Check that it is safe for the boat to turn onto the new course then press track
again
The SPX5R Drive system will turn the boat onto the new course and the display
will show the heading required to achieve the required track
Note If the boat is more than 03 nm from the track a Large Cross Track Error warning will
sound see page 18
Waypoint arrival and advance
Next target New target
Waypoint at 270 waypoint at 270
Target Old target
Waypoint Waypoint
TRUE
TRUE
D106931
Waypoint arrival Waypoint advance
Leaving Track mode
You can leave Track mode at any time To do this either
Press auto to return to Auto mode
Press standby to take manual control of the boat
Avoiding obstacles
In Track mode you still have full control from the keypad You can change course to
avoid obstacles by manually steering away from the obstacle or by using the course
change buttons 1 1 10 or 10
When manually steering around an obstaclethe preferred method is to
1 Press standby to return to Standby mode
2 Manually turn the wheel to steer away from the 2 Using Track mode 17
3 Press auto to reengage Auto mode
If you do not have time to engage Standby mode eg in an emergency manually
turn the steering wheel to steer away from the obstacle whist still in Track mode
When you have passed the obstacle press standby then auto to reengage Auto on
the previous locked heading
Once you are safely past the obstacle either
Return to your previous planned track by pressing track then responding to the
NEXT WPT message by pressing track again
Use your chartplotter to initiate a new route to the waypoint
Track keeping Cross Track Error
Cross track error XTE is the distance of the vessel from the planned track An XTE
can be generated if
You enter Track mode when positioned some distance from the planned route
You make a manual course change to avoid an object
You arrive at a waypoint see page 20
CAUTION
When entering or returning to Track mode the heading will initially
be BTW but may change slightly as the autopilot removes the XTE
to achieve the defined track leg
Course correction
Example 1 Target Example 2 Target
Initial turn toward waypoint Waypoint Initial turn away from actual Waypoint
waypoint Cross Cross
track error track error
TRUE TRUE
D109091
18 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Best practice track keeping demands that the vessel follows the predefined Track Leg
as closely as possible This is to avoid potential collision with charted objects that may
be near the defined path
The Raymarine Track keeping algorithm ensures safe operation by correcting any
XTE as quickly as possible but with a maximum convergence angle of 30 with the
Track Leg It then maintains the vessel tightly on the desired track
Large cross track error
If a cross track error of greater than 03 nm occurs the SPX5R Drive system will
sound a Large Cross Track Error warning and the Pilot Controller will show whether
you are to the port Pt or starboard Stb of the planned track
Waypoint 2
Cross track error XTE
more than 03 nm
ual r
nn ed
D106954
Waypoint 1
Tidal stream compensation
Under most conditions the SPX5R Drive system will hold the selected track to within
005 nm 300 ft or better It takes account of the boats speed when computing
course changes to ensure optimum Waypoint 2
Tidal component
Boats speed over ground
Boats speed through water
Waypoint 1
2 Using Track mode 19
Waypoint arrival
As your vessel nears the waypoint an audible Waypoint Advance warning sounds
and a next waypoint NEXT WPT screen is displayed This shows the bearing to the
next waypoint
Waypoint arrival and advance
Next target New target
Waypoint at 270 waypoint at 270
Target Old target
Waypoint Waypoint
TRUE
TRUE
D106931
Waypoint arrival Waypoint advance
WARNING Ensure safe navigation
Before changing course always ensure it is safe to do so
Always be aware of the relative wind angle especially when
turning away from the wind
To steer to the next waypoint in the route
When the Waypoint Advance warning sounds the SPX5R Drive system suspends
Track mode and maintains the current boat headingTo advance to the next waypoint
1 Check that it is safe to turn onto the new track
2 Press the track button to cancel the Waypoint Advance warning and steer the
boat to the next track leg
Note If you do not press track to accept the Waypoint Advance the SPX5R Drive system will
maintain the current heading and continue to sound the warning
To skip a waypoint SeaTalk chartplotters only
If you want to advance to the next waypoint before you have arrived at the current
target waypoint you can skip the current waypoint by pressing track for 1 second
The display will then show a Waypoint Advance screen for the next waypoint Check
it is safe to turn then press track to turn the boat towards the next waypoint
20 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Waypoint arrival circle
As the next Waypoint warning occurs within a circle around the actual waypoint the
next waypoint will probably be accepted some distance from the planned track leg
This can result in a cross track error and associated course correction
Refer to Track keeping Cross Track Error on page 17 for more details
Next
Waypoint
Planned track leg
Actual bearing to next
waypoint from waypoint
acceptance position
Waypoint arrival circle
Next waypoint
D106971
accepted here
Route completion
when you have reached the last waypoint of a route in Track mode the Pilot Controller
displays a ROUTE COMPLETE message if you are using a SeaTalk chartplotter or NO
DATA if you are using an NMEA chartplotter You can either
Stay in Auto mode and continue on the same heading
Press standby to return to manual control
Note If waypoints are provided using an NMEA connection the controller will display NO DATA
when you reach the final waypoint
Chapter 3 Maintenance
This chapter provides information to enable you to identify problems interpret alarm
messages maintain your SPX5R Drive system and obtain product support
Raymarine products are designed to provide many years of troublefree operation
They are also put through comprehensive testing and quality assurance procedures
before shipping
However if a problem occurs with your SPX5R Drive system use the
tables in this section to help identify the problem and provide a
solution If you cannot resolve the problem yourself refer to the product support
Symptom Possible cause and remedy
Display is blank No power check the power and SeaTalk fuses on
Course Computer then check main fusecircuit breaker
Data page display shows sta The Pilot Controller is not receiving necessary data from
tionary dashes other instruments check cabling
Display shows rotating dashes Compass calibration in progress see SmartPilot X5R
Drive Installation Setup Guide
Displayed compass heading You have not calibrated the compass Carry out the devi
does not agree with the boats ation and alignment procedures see SmartPilot X5R
compass Drive Installation Setup Guide
Drive getting hot Manually check that the steering system operates com
fortably and that it is not being overloaded
Boat turns slowly and takes a Manually check that the steering system operates com
long time to come onto course fortably and that it is not being overloaded If this is OK
the rudder gain may be too low Complete AutoLearn or
increase gain setting see SmartPilot X5R Drive Instal
lation Setup Guide
Boat overshoots when turning Rudder gain too high Complete AutoLearn or decrease
onto a new course gain setting see SmartPilot X5R Drive Installation
Setup Guide
The SPX5R Drive system Adjust the RUDD DAMP setting see SmartPilot X5R
hunts when trying to position Drive Installation Setup Guide Increase the damping
the rudder one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting
Always use the lowest acceptable value
You cannot enter Seatrial Cali Seatrial calibration lock is on turn off the calibration pro
bration tection feature in Dealer Calibration see SmartPilot
X5R Drive Installation Setup Guide
The SPX5R Drive system will Cabling problem make sure all the cables are con
not talk to other SeaTalk instru nected properly
ments
22 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Symptom Possible cause and remedy
Navigation information not Navigator not transmitting the correct data Ensure sys
received tem cables are securely connected
The SPX5R Drive system will No bearing to waypoint information received from the
not auto advance to the next navigator
waypoint
SPX5R Drive system alarm messages
If a fault or failure occurs in the SPX5R Drive system an appropriate alarm message
is generated
If this happens and unless otherwise stated press standby to clear the alarm and
return to manual control before you attempt to resolve the problem If more than one
alarm occurs as each alarm is cleared the next is displayed
Alarm messages possible causes and remedies are detailed in the following table
Alarm message Possible cause and remedy
CURRENT LIMIT Serious drive failure the drive is taking too much current due to
shortcircuit or jamming Check the drive unit
DRIVE STOPPED The SPX5R Drive system is unable to turn the rudder This can occur
if the weather load on helm is too high or if the optional rudder posi
tion sensor has passed beyond the preset rudder limits or rudder end
stops
Manually check that the steering system operates comfortably and
that it is not being overloaded
Check drive and if appropriate the rudder position sensor
LOW BATTERY Supply voltage has dropped below acceptable limits
press standby to clear the alarm and return to hand steering
start the engine to recharge the battery
ensure the charging system is working correctly
LRN FAIL code AutoLearn not completed Failure codes
1 AutoLearn has not been carried out default setting
2 AutoLearn failed usually due to manual interruption
3 Not used
4 AutoLearn failed probably due to drive or compass failure
5 AutoLearn failed probably due to motor current limiting
6 AutoLearn failed probably due to boat spinning
Repeat the AutoLearn procedure see SmartPilot X5R Drive Installa
tion Setup Guide
MOT POW Motor cables are connected to power terminals and power cables
SWAPPED are connected to motor terminals at Course Computer Turn off
power and swap over 3 Maintenance 23
Alarm message Possible cause and remedy
NO DATA Caused by any of the following situations
the compass is not connected
the SPX5R Drive system is in Track mode and
is not receiving navigation data or
the position sensor GPS is receiving a low strength signal prob
lem will clear when the signal improves
Check connections to the compass and navigator
Note The SPX5R Drive system stops adjusting the heading as soon
as it loses data
NO PILOT The Pilot Controller is not receiving data from the SPX5R Drive sys
tem computer Check connections and check the Course Computer is
switched on
NO RUDREF Only applicable if rudder reference option is fitted Possible fault with
rudder position sensor check RG FAIL GyroPlus yaw sensor has failed Call a Raymarine service agent
NO SPD No speed data
NO COMP No compass data
NO WIND No wind data
SEATALK and FAIL The Pilot Controller cannot transmit data to the SeaTalk system
Make sure all SeaTalk cables are connected Maintenance
Important
Before attempting any maintenance procedure on the SPX5R Drive system ensure
the boat is securely moored alongside and that power to all system components is
switched off
CAUTION Avoid damage when cleaning
Do NOT use solvent or abrasive cleaners on any SPX5R Drive system
components
Spare parts
CAUTION Do not dismantle SPX5R Drive system products
The SPX5R Drive system does not contain any user serviceable
parts other than those specified below and so should be serviced
only by authorized Raymarine service technicians
The only components in the SPX5R Drive system are the Course
Computer fuses and these are available from your Raymarine dealer
Fuse F1 15 A power in fuse Part number 15454
Fuse F2 2 A SeaTalk fuse Part number 15455
If any other parts require servicing or replacement please contact your Raymarine
authorized service agent
24 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
EMC Servicing and maintenance
Undue noise and interference may be a symptom of an EMC related problem
Always report any EMCrelated problem to your nearest Raymarine dealer We
use such information to improve our quality standards
To minimize any EMC related problems and ensure the best possible
performance from your Raymarine equipment follow the guidelines given in the
installation Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites These are important for
correct EMC performance Any ferrite removed for maintenance purposes must be
replaced in the original position once the maintenance is complete
Use only ferrites of the correct type supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers
Pilot Controller
The Pilot Controller is a sealed unit so user maintenance is limited to the following
routine tasks
Ensure all cable connectors are securely connected
Examine the controller and cables for signs of wear or damage Replace any
damaged components
CAUTION Avoid damage when cleaning
Do NOT wipe the Pilot Controller display screen with a dry cloth as
this could scratch the screen coating
Using a clean damp cloth wipe the Pilot Controller Do NOT use chemical or abrasive
materials to clean the controller
Note In certain conditions condensation may appear inside the display screen This will not
harm the unit and you can clear it by switching on the illumination for a short time
Drive
Routine maintenance
Daily inspection before commencing any passage
Visually inspect the Drive Check autopilot operation
Daily inspection after each passage
After each trip wipe the drive unit clean with a damp cloth to remove salt or other
deposits
Annual inspection
Check once per year that the Drive and associated torque restraint are securely fitted
and have not worked loose during usage
Remove any deposits from the emergency release pin and check its 3 Maintenance 25
Service interval
Inspect and service in line with your steering system manufacturer
In any event a Raymarine approved service must be carried out every 2 years or 200
engine hours whichever occurs soonest
26 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
33 Customer support
Raymarine provides a comprehensive customer support service You can contact
customer support through the Raymarine website telephone and email
If you are unable to resolve a problem please use any of these facilities to obtain
additional help
Web support
Please visit the customer support area of our website at
This contains Frequently Asked Questions servicing information email access to
the Raymarine Technical Support Department and details of worldwide Raymarine
agents
Telephone and email support
In the USA
Tel 1 603 881 5200 extension 2444
Email In the UK Europe the Middle East or Far East
Tel 44 023 9271 4713
Email Help us to help you
When requesting service please quote the following product Equipment type
Model number
Serial number
Software issue number
To see the software version
1 Hold down standby for 4 seconds
i After 2 seconds you will see the DISPLAY CAL screen
ii After another 2 seconds you see controller software version
2 Press disp to display the computer software version
3 Press disp again to display the total number of hours the SPX5R Tiller system
has been used in Auto 3 Maintenance 27
Software information
TRUE
4 seconds
Control unit
1 second software version 1 second
Time autopilot Course computer
used in Auto software version
1 second
D105341
Product details table
For future reference you may want to use the following table to record serial and
software information for your SPX5R Drive system
Serial Number Software Version
ST6002 Pilot Controller
Course Computer
Hours Used hours
28 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Meaning
ac Alternating current
AST Advanced Steering Technology AST is Raymarines unique advanced steering
algorithm It uses inputs from a wide variety of sensors to tune the autopilots
operation to provide superior control of the boat in any Selflearning calibration feature The AutoTrim setting determines the
rate at which the autopilot applies standing
helm to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind load on the boat
AWG American Wire Gauge
BTW Bearing to waypoint
CE Marked on Raymarine products that comply with defined European Community
rudder Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the autopilot applies to try to prevent the
boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more rud
der being applied
dc Direct current
EMC When powered up all electrical equipment produces These can cause adjacent pieces of electrical equipment to interact with
another causing a degradation of their performance Use the EMC guidelines in
this book to ensure optimum Compatibility EMC between
equipment and minimize any unwanted Standard Raymarine compass supplied as part of the SPX5R Drive system
GPS Global Positioning System
MOB Man overboard
NM Nautical mile
NMEA The NMEA National Maritime Electronics Association protocol is an interna
tionally accepted serial communication interface standard for sharing data
between electronic equipment Raymarine products can share information with
nonSeaTalk equipment using NMEA 0183 or NMEA2000 The autopilot response level controls the relationship between course keeping
accuracy and the amount of helmdrive gain Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the autopilot will apply to correct
course errors The higher the setting the more rudder will be Raymarines proprietary communication system It links Raymarine products to
provide a single integrated system sharing power and data
Variants are SeaTalk2 and Seatalkng
SM Statute land mile
VHF Very High Frequency radio
XTE Cross track error
Yaw The boats rate of turn sec
30 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating Guide
Index
A E
Alarms 10 22 EMC information iii 24
CURRENT LIMIT 22 Emergency release pin 4
DRIVE STOPPED 22 Engaging autopilot 5
LARGE XTE 11
LOW BATT 22 F
LRN FAIL 22 Fuse replacement 23
MOB 11 G
MOT POW SWAPPED 22 Glossary 29
NEXT WPT 11 GyroPlus fail alarm 23
NO DATA 23
NO PILOT 23 I
NO RUDREF 23 Illumination 8
NO SPD 23 K
OFFCOURSE 6 11 Keypad
RG FAIL 23 lighting 8
SEATALK FAIL 1 or 2 23 Keypad functions 2
SEATALKSTLK FAIL 23
SHALLOW 11 L
Auto mode Large XTE Alarm 11
avoiding obstacles 6 Learn fail alarm 22
changing course 5 Lighting 8
Off course alarm 6 Low battery alarm 22
Autopilot M
disengaging 4 Maintenance 23
AutoTurn 6 Drive 24
Avoiding obstacles 6 Pilot Controller 24
in Track mode 16 Man Overboard alarm 11
B MOB Alarm 11
Basic autopilot control 5 MotorPower swapped alarm 22
C N
Contrast 9 Next WPT Alarm 11
Course changes 5 No data alarm 23
AutoTurn 6 No pilot alarm 23
Cross track error 17 No rudder reference alarm 23
large 18 No speed alarm 23
LARGE XTE warning 11 O
Current limit alarm 22 Off course Alarm 11
D P
Data pages 9 Performance adjustment 7
Waypoint names 10 temporary response level changes 8
Display Product disposal iv
contrast 9 Product support 26
lighting 8
Drive stopped alarm 22
32 SmartPilot X5R Drive Operating level 12
Route completed 20
Safety notices iii
SeaTalk
fail 1 or 2 alarm 23
fail alarm 23
Service 26
Setup
Response level 12
Shallow Alarm 11
Standby mode 4
Switching onoff 2
Technical support 26
Tidal stream compensation 18
Track mode
avoiding obstacles 16
cross track error 17
entering 16
leaving 16
requirements 15
route completed 20
starting 15
waypoint arrival 19
waypoint arrival circle advance 19
arrival 19
arrival circle 20
skip 19

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