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Raymarine Smart Pilot X5 Installation And Setup 87076 3



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SmartPilot X5
Sport Installation &
Setup Guide




  Document reference: 87076-3
  Date: August 2009


www.raymarine.com
 Autohelm, HSB, RayTech Navigator, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited. Path-
   finder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited. 45STV, 60STV, AST, Autoadapt, Auto GST,
AutoSeastate, AutoTrim, Bidata, G Series, HDFI, LifeTag, Marine Intelligence, Maxiview, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, RayTalk,
Raystar, ST40, ST60+, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata, UniControl, Hybridtouch, and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Rayma-
                                                          rine UK Limited.
                     All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.


                                       Copyright 2009 Raymarine UK Ltd. All rights reserved.
                                                                                                                                        i


Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................v
      Safety notices .......................................................................................................... v
      EMC Conformance .................................................................................................. v
      Pressure washing .................................................................................................... v
      Product documents .................................................................................................. v
      Warranty ..................................................................................................................vi
      Product disposal ......................................................................................................vi
Chapter 1:Installation and system overviews ................................................... 1
      1.1 Installation overview ...................................................................................... 1
           Planning ......................................................................................................... 1
           Installing ......................................................................................................... 1
      1.2 Safe and successful installation ..................................................................... 1
           Certified installation ........................................................................................ 1
           Getting assistance .......................................................................................... 1
      Product documents .................................................................................................. 2
           Marine electronics systems ............................................................................ 2
      1.3 Equipment & Tools ......................................................................................... 4
           Parts supplied................................................................................................. 4
           Tools and equipment NOT supplied ................................................................ 5
      1.4 Create a schematic diagram .......................................................................... 5
Chapter 2:Installing the system ............................................................................. 7
      2.1 Installation requirements ................................................................................ 7
           EMC installation guidelines............................................................................. 7
               Suppression ferrites.................................................................................... 7
               Connections to other equipment................................................................. 8
               Compass..................................................................................................... 8
      2.2 General cabling guidelines ............................................................................. 8
           Power cable requirement................................................................................ 8
      2.3 SPX-5 Sport system Course Computer .......................................................... 9
           Mounting ........................................................................................................ 9
           Connection overview .....................................................................................11
      2.4 Mounting the SportDrive ...............................................................................11
           Step 1  Remove the steering wheel ..............................................................11
           Step 2 - Check wheel shaft size..................................................................... 12
           Step 3 Prepare to fit torque restraint............................................................ 13
           Step 3 - Fit Sport Pilot drive ........................................................................... 16
               Introduction ............................................................................................... 16
               Fitting to 3/4 inch steering shaft................................................................ 17
               Fitting to 1 inch steering shaft................................................................... 18
           Sport drive cable routing ............................................................................... 19
      2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course Computer .......................... 20
           Power ........................................................................................................... 20
               Circuit breaker/fuse................................................................................... 20
               Cable ........................................................................................................ 20
           Connection procedure .................................................................................. 20
      2.6 Fluxgate Compass ....................................................................................... 21
           Compass mounting....................................................................................... 21
               Location .................................................................................................... 21
               Mounting procedure.................................................................................. 22
           Compass connection .................................................................................... 22
ii                                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide


      2.7 Pilot Controller ............................................................................................. 23
            Fitting ........................................................................................................ 23
          Connect controller and SeaTalk bus ............................................................. 23
            SeaTalk power connections...................................................................... 23
      2.8 Connect to ground ....................................................................................... 25
      2.9 Optional connections ................................................................................... 26
          Rudder reference.......................................................................................... 26
          SeaTalkng Connections................................................................................ 27
            SeaTalkng power...................................................................................... 27
            See also.................................................................................................... 27
          NMEA 0183 equipment................................................................................. 28
            Data bridging ............................................................................................ 28
            NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers' equipment...................... 28
      2.10Final checks ............................................................................................... 29
          Secure all cables .......................................................................................... 29
      2.11Commission the system before use ............................................................ 29
Chapter 3:Commissioning & Setup ..................................................................... 31
          Requirement................................................................................................. 31
          Power assisted steering................................................................................ 31
          Rudder reference information ....................................................................... 31
      3.1 Commissioning ............................................................................................ 32
          Dockside checks & setup.............................................................................. 32
            Step 1 - Switching on................................................................................ 32
            Step 2 - Check data connections .............................................................. 33
            For details of supported NMEA sentences, see Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sen-
            tences ....................................................................................................... 33
            Step 3 - Checking rudder bar operating sense ......................................... 33
            Step 4 - Checking steering operating sense ............................................. 34
            Step 4 - Dealer calibration settings ........................................................... 34
            Align the rudder indicator .......................................................................... 36
            Set the rudder limits .................................................................................. 36
            Save the new settings............................................................................... 37
          Seatrial calibration ........................................................................................ 37
            Getting started .......................................................................................... 37
            Swinging the compass.............................................................................. 37
            Aligning the compass heading .................................................................. 39
            Aligning rudder bar ................................................................................... 40
          AutoLearn..................................................................................................... 40
            Clear water ............................................................................................... 40
            AutoLearn procedure ................................................................................ 41
          Commissioning complete ............................................................................. 44
      3.2 Manual setup ............................................................................................... 44
          Checking SPX-5 Sport system operation ...................................................... 44
            Adjustable parameters.............................................................................. 44
            Setting response level .............................................................................. 44
          Rudder gain .................................................................................................. 45
            Checking ................................................................................................... 45
            Adjusting ................................................................................................... 45
          Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 46
            Checking ................................................................................................... 46
            Adjusting ................................................................................................... 46
          AutoTrim....................................................................................................... 46
            Adjusting ................................................................................................... 46
          Rudder damping ........................................................................................... 47
                                                                                                                                    iii


Chapter 4:SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings .......................................................... 49
        4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 49
             Calibration modes ........................................................................................ 49
                 Display Calibration.................................................................................... 49
                 User calibration......................................................................................... 49
                 Seatrial calibration .................................................................................... 49
                 Dealer Calibration ..................................................................................... 49
             Accessing the Calibration modes.................................................................. 50
             Adjusting calibration values .......................................................................... 50
        4.2 Display calibration ........................................................................................ 51
             RUDD BAR screen ....................................................................................... 51
             Heading screen ............................................................................................ 51
             Data pages .................................................................................................. 51
                 Setting up data pages............................................................................... 52
        4.3 User calibration ............................................................................................ 53
             Response level ............................................................................................. 53
        4.4 Dealer calibration ......................................................................................... 54
             Seatrial calibration lock ................................................................................ 54
             Vessel type .................................................................................................. 55
             Drive type ..................................................................................................... 56
             Align rudder .................................................................................................. 56
             Rudder limit .................................................................................................. 56
             Rudder gain ................................................................................................. 56
             Counter rudder ............................................................................................. 57
             Rudder damping ........................................................................................... 57
             AutoTrim ...................................................................................................... 57
             Response level ............................................................................................ 57
             Turn rate limit ................................................................................................ 58
             Off course angle ........................................................................................... 58
             PowerSteer................................................................................................... 58
             Cruise speed ................................................................................................ 59
             Latitude ........................................................................................................ 59
             System reset ................................................................................................ 59
        4.5 System defaults ........................................................................................... 60
 Appendix 1:NMEA 0183 sentences .................................................................... 61
        NMEA0183 to Course Computer ........................................................................... 61
        NMEA0183 from Course Computer* ..................................................................... 61
 Appendix 2:SPX-5 Sport system specifications ............................................. 63
        Course Computer .................................................................................................. 63
        SportDrive .............................................................................................................. 63
        Pilot Controller (ST6002) ....................................................................................... 65
Index ............................................................................................................................. 67
iv   SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide
  Preface                                                                                      v


Preface
Contents




Safety notices
                WARNING: Product installation & operation
                This equipment must be installed, commissioned and operated
                in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided.
                Failure to do so could result in personal injury, damage to your
                boat and/or poor product performance.

                WARNING: Switch off power supply
                Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
                start installing this product.

                WARNING: Navigational safety
                Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
                reliable, many factors can affect its performance. Therefore, it
                should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
                replace commonsense and navigational judgement. Always
                maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
                as they develop.

EMC Conformance
           All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
           standards for use in the recreational marine environment. Their design and
           manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
           standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
           compromised.

Pressure washing
           Subjecting any Raymarine product to high pressure washing may cause subsequent
           water intrusion and failure of the product. Raymarine will not warranty product
           subjected to high pressure washing.

Product documents
           This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X-5 series.
           Documents can be downloaded from www.raymarine.com/handbooks.

           Title                                                              Part number

           SmartPilot X-5 Sport Operating Guide                                   81293

           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation and Setup Guide                      87076

           ST6002 Controller Installation Sheet                                   87058
vi                                         SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide


     Title                                                              Part number

     ST6002 SmartPilot Controller - Sport Quick Reference Guide             86131

     Fluxgate compass installation sheet                                    87011

     Warranty Booklet                                                       80017

     To the best of our knowledge, the information in the product documents was correct
     when they went to press. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
     inaccuracies or omissions in product documents.
     In addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications
     without notice. Therefore, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences
     between the product and the accompanying documents.

Warranty
     To register your new Raymarine product, please take a few minutes to fill out the
     warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
     card to us to receive full warranty benefits. You can also register online at
     www.raymarine.com by following the Login or create an account link.

Product disposal
             Waste Electrical and Electronic (WEEE) Directive
             The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
             equipment is recycled.
             Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol (illustrated above)
     must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill, but in accordance with local
     regulations for such products.
     Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products, we support
     its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
     products.
     Please contact your local dealer, national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
     for information on product disposal.
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews                                                   1


Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
      This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations
      for an SPX-5 Sport system.
      The SmartPilot X-5 (SPX-5) Sport system is intended for use as an aid to steering
      leisure marine craft with a fully-laden displacement up to a maximum of:
       4400 pounds (2000 kg) for mechanically steered craft.
       7500 pounds (3500 kg) for power steered craft.

1.1 Installation overview
      There are two stages to installing an SPX-5 Sport system, namely planning the
      installation, then installing and mounting the components.
      It is important to carry out the planning stage, to ensure that all components used in
      the system, including cables and accessories, are correctly specified and located.
      The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage.
      Planning
      1.   Understand your system.
      2.   Check equipment supplied.
      3.   Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment.
      4.   Plan cabling and connections.
      5.   Produce a schematic diagram.
      Installing
      1.   Mount the SPX-5 Sport Course Computer.
      2.   Install SportDrive unit.
      3.   Install the autopilot controller.
      4.   Install the compass.
      5.   Connect power cables and system ground.
      6.   Connect additional equipment / cables to the X-5 course computer.
      7.   Final fix: secure all equipment in place; secure all cables.

1.2 Safe and successful installation
      To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX-5 Sport system, installation
      must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
      instructions in this guide.

      Certified installation
      Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer. A
      certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits. Contact your
      Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document
      packed with your product.

      Getting assistance
      If you need further assistance with an installation, contact your dealer or visit the
      Raymarine web site www.raymarine.com.
2                                             SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide


Product documents
    The SPX-5 Sport system consists of a number of components connected together
    using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus.

        SPX-5 Sport system - key components
                           SmartPilot X-5 computer          SportDrive unit   ST6002 controller




          Fluxgate
          compass




                                                                                              D10369-1



    Marine electronics systems
    The autopilot may form part of your wider ship's electronics system, and may be
    connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols,
    including:
        SeaTalk.
        SeaTalkng
        NMEA 0183
        NMEA2000 (via SeaTalkng)
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews                                                                                     3


      Example SeaTalk system
      SeaTalk allows connection of compatible products though a dedicated data bus, to
      allow information sharing around the ship.

             ST6002                    ST60+ depth              ST60+ speed                               ST6002
           SmartController              instrument               instrument                             SmartController




                             SeaTalk                 SeaTalk                  SeaTalk         SeaTalk                 SeaTalk
                              cable                   cable                    cable           cable                   cable

              GPS




                                     Depth                                             SeaTalk
                                  transducer                  Speed                  3-way block
                                                           transducer

                                         Course computer




                                                        12 V dc         SeaTalk cable, carries:
                                                                        - 12V power from Course computer
                    SeaTalk or NMEA                                     - Data to and from Course computer

                                                                                                                          D10628-1
4                                                        SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide


1.3 Equipment & Tools
    Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
    your system.

    Parts supplied




                                                      Sun                         SmartPilot                             Panel
                                                      cover                       ST6002                                 seal
                                                                                  controller



                                                                                                          SeaTalk cable,
       Course                                        Finger nut (x2)                Stud (x2)             4 m (13 ft)
       computer




                                                          5/8 inch,        5/8 inch          Taper          Spade            Spade
                                                          Nyloc nut      seal washer        adaptor        connector        connector
                                                                                                           (1/8" x 2)       (1/4" x 1)
                                        Stub shaft



                                                     Countersunk screw,          Woodruff         Woodruff           Pan head screw,
                                                        M5 x 12 (x4)               key          key (standard)      No 8 x 3/4 inch (x7)




      SportDrive                                     Countersunk screw,             M4                 M4 spring              M4
                                                        M4 x 25 (x4)             washer (x4)          washer (x4)           nut (x4)




                              3 mm allen key
                                                                         Box
                                                                       spanner




     Fluxgate compass         Compass                            Cable tie                      User documents
                                                                                                                                           D10662




    with 8 m (26 ft) cable   warning label                       (x12)                                 in wallet
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews                                                5


      Tools and equipment NOT supplied
      You will need to supply the following equipment and tools:
      Tools:
       Flat bladed screwdriver
       Power drill (cordless recommended).
       Bearing puller (optional - to remove the steering wheel).
       5/32 in (4 mm) drill.
       Suitable wrenches/spanners.
      Cables / equipment
       Power cable and fuse/breaker. See page 20.
       Additional data cables (e.g. for connection of GPS or chartplotter).
       Grounding braid. See page 25.

1.4 Create a schematic diagram
      As part of the preparation for installing your SPX-5 Sport system, we recommend that
      you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install. This will
      help ensure that you install a safe optimum system, and so is particularly important if
      you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment.
      The schematic diagram should include:
       Location of all components. See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
          affect the location of specific components.
       Connectors, cable types, routes and lengths.
      When you have completed the schematic diagram, you are ready to begin installing
      the SPX-5 Sport system.
6   SmartPilot X-5 Sport Installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                           7


Chapter 2: Installing the system
    Before proceeding with the installation, ensure you have the following to hand:
     All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX-5 Sport system.
     The correct type and length of power cable.
     Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections.
    You should also check that existing marine electronics, such as the GPS are installed
    and working.

2.1 Installation requirements
        WARNING: Install at dockside
        For safety reasons your boat must be securely moored at dockside
        with power switched off, before commencing installation.

    EMC installation guidelines
    Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic
    Compatibility (EMC) regulations. This minimizes electromagnetic interference
    between equipment, which could otherwise affect the performance of your system.
    Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised.
    For optimum EMC performance, we recommend that:
       Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are:
        i. At least 3 ft (1 m) from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio sig-
            nals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of SSB radios, the dis-
            tance should be increased to 7 ft (2 m).
        ii. More than 7 ft (2 m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally
            be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element.
       The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start.
        This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
        engine start does not have a separate battery.
       Raymarine specified cables are used.
       Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation man-
        ual.
    Remember
    Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above recommendations:
       Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of electri-
        cal equipment. This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance for the
        installation.
    Suppression ferrites
    Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These are important for
    correct EMC performance. Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
    replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete.
       Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers.
8                                                 SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


    Connections to other equipment
    If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
    supplied by Raymarine, a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
    to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
    Compass
    The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
    interference including engines and VHF radio waves. To ensure optimum operation it
    is essential to locate the compass correctly.

2.2 General cabling guidelines
       The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact. Coil and tie any
        excess, do NOT cut or otherwise remove it.
       Do not mix ac and dc cables.
       Adhere to EMC guidelines (see page 7).
       Use Kopex conduit where appropriate to protect cables.
       Label all cables for easy identification
       Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables.

    Power cable requirement
    An overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration.




                                     Drive unit



                                                             Course
                      Distribution                           Computer
                      panel                   Cable A
                                              Cable B



                                                                                            D10679-1



    CAUTION: Power cable
    Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
    supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX-5 Sport
    system to malfunction. Ensure the correct cable size is used. If in
    doubt, use a heavier gauge cable.
    The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit. In
    the above illustration, that is the total length of Cable A + Cable B.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                   9


       The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
       table.

       Total cable length (A + B)        Copper area               AWG

       Up to 3.0 m (10 ft)               2.5 mm2                   14

       Up to 5.0 m (16ft)                4   mm2                   12

       Up to 7.0 m (23 ft)               10 mm2                    8


2.3 SPX-5 Sport system Course Computer
       Mounting
       The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface, free from
       vibration.


                                                                       10 10       C   F
                                                                                 Max 55   130
                         or



                                                                                 Min-10   14




                                                                                                D10373-1
10                      SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide




                                                           M
                                                         VE OUN
                                                           RT T
                                                             ICA
                                                                LLY




                                       170 mm (6.7 in)




     237 mm (9.33 in)                                    56 mm
                                                         (2.2 in)

                                                                      D10375-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                                              11


       Connection overview
       The Course Computer provides the following system connections

                                                   SeaTalk fuse                    Power fuse           Note: Spare fuses
                                                      (2 A)                          (15A)              are located in the
                                                                                                        connector cover



                                                        2                              15




                                                                                                A   B




                Fluxgate             NMEA 0183                      SeaTalkng       Power                RF ground
             compass inputs          input/ouput                  inputs/outputs    inputs               connection
                                                                                    (12 V)
                        Rudder position           SeaTalk                                    Drive motor
                         sensor inputs         inputs/outputs                                  outputs
                                                                                                                         D10374-1




2.4 Mounting the SportDrive
       The SportDrive fits over your boat's existing steering shaft, and the steering wheel is
       secured to the SportDrive.A taper adaptor is provided to enable the SportDrive to be
       fitted to either 3/4 in (19 mm) or 1 in (25 mm) steering shaft tapers. As the way in which
       components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering shaft, you need to
       ascertain the diameter of the steering shaft before you fit the SportDrive.

       Step 1  Remove the steering wheel
       CAUTION: Turn the wheel fully clockwise
       Before you remove the steering wheel, it is very important to turn it fully
       clockwise, otherwise damage to the Sport Pilot drive could occur, in the
       later stages of installation,
       1. Turn the wheel fully clockwise to starboard lock.
       2. Remove the steering wheel hub cover.
       3. Holding the steering wheel at full starboard lock, use the supplied box spanner or
           a suitable socket to remove and retain the wheel securing nut and washer.
       4. Carefully remove the steering wheel (a bearing puller will assist with this).
       5. Remove and retain the woodruff key.
12                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide

          .




                                                     Woodruff key




                      Retaining
                         nut
               Steering           Washer
              wheel hub
                                                                                           D10376-1




     Step 2 - Check wheel shaft size
     As the way in which components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering
     shaft, it is very important to ascertain the steering shaft diameter before you proceed
     with the fitting procedure.
     As a rough guide, if you can slide the taper adaptor supplied with your SPX-5 Sport
     Drive onto the taper of the steering shaft, then the steering shaft is 3/4 inch diameter. If
     the taper adaptor is too small to fit onto the steering shaft, then the steering shaft is
     1 inch diameter.
     The following simplified diagrams show the general arrangement of the major
     components for each size of steering shaft.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                 13




                                                                     Taper adaptor
                                                                     fits to
                         Steering wheel                              steering shaft   3/4"
                         (3/4" shaft fitting)                                         steering
                                                                                      shaft


         3/4 inch Steering Shaft




                         Steering wheel         Taper adaptor,                        1" steering
                         (1" shaft fitting)     fits to stub shaft                    shaft



         1 inch Steering Shaft                                                             D10663-1




       Step 3 Prepare to fit torque restraint
       1. If the steering wheel shaft is 1 inch diameter, proceed from step 2 below. If the
          shaft is3/4 inch diameter, slide the taper adaptor (supplied) fully onto the steering
          wheel shaft taper, with the keyways are aligned.
       2. Temporarily place the SPX-5 Sport Drive onto the steering shaft, with the torque
          restraint at the lowermost point.
14                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     3. Referring to the following illustration, identify a convenient surface that will pro-
        vide a secure anchoring point for the torque restraint bracket.
     Note: If your dashboard does not extend below the bottom of the SPX-5 Sport Drive, you may
     need to manufacture an extension from a suitable material, and permanently attach it to the
     dashboard, to accommodate the torque restraint bracket.




                                                                                 Dashboard
                                                                                 extension




                                                                                             D10378-2
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                15


       4. Offer up the torque restraint bracket to the mounting surface and mark the posi-
          tions for the securing screws.




                                                                                    D10379-2



       5. Remove the SPX-5 Sport Drive from the steering shaft, then drill four 5/32 in (4 mm)
          holes for the securing screws.




                                                                                           D10380-1
16                                             SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Step 3 - Fit Sport Pilot drive
     Introduction
     1. Secure the torque restraint to the mounting surface, using the four M4 screws,
        nuts and washers provided, as shown in the following illustration.




                                   M4 washer      M4 nut



                                      M4 spring washer
                                                                                        D10664-2



     2. Fit the SPX-5 Sport Drive drive in accordance with the instructions for either a
        3/ inch or 1 inch steering shaft, as appropriate (see below).
          4
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                                         17


       Fitting to 3/4 inch steering shaft
         3/4 inch shaft fitting
                                  Alignment                    Alignment              Woodruff
                                     mark                         mark               key (large)
                                              Woodruff Nyloc
                       Washer                    key     nut
                                               (small) (small)




                                                                                                             3/4"
                                                                                                             shaft




                                        Screw                   Seal       Sport Drive              Taper
                                                               washer                              adaptor

                  Nyloc nut                       Stub shaft
                   (large)
                                                                                                                     D10669-2



       To fit the Sport Pilot drive to a 3/4 inch steering shaft, refer to the illustration above and:
       1. Ensure that the taper adaptor, is correctly aligned and in place on the steering
          shaft.
       2. Insert the larger of the two woodruff keys supplied into the drive shaft keyway. If
          necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position.
       3. Slide the SPX-5 Sport Drive onto the shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at step
          2 engages with the keyway in the drive.
       Note: You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Sport Drive to secure the drive assembly
       to the shaft.
       4. Place the 5/8 inch seal washer (supplied) on the shaft so that the seal side is
          towards the Sport Drive.
       5. Use the box spanner supplied to secure the drive unit with the 5/8 inch nylock nut
          supplied.
       6. With the steering still hard over to starboard, tighten the drive unit securing nut to
          22 pound feet (30 Newton meters).
       7. Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit, ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
          shaft and drive unit are aligned. Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
          countersunk screws supplied. Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches (2.26 New-
          ton metres).
18                                                SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     8. Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub
         shaft. If necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position.
     9. Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft, so that the woodruff key inserted at
         step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel.
     10. Place the original steering wheel washer on the shaft then secure the steering
         wheel with the original wheel-securing nut.
     11. Replace the wheel hub cover.
     Fitting to 1 inch steering shaft
       1 inch shaft fitting
                                          Alignment             Alignment      Woodruff
                                             mark                  mark       key (small)

                     Washer      Taper           Woodruff Nyloc
                                adaptor             key     nut
                                                  (large) (small)




                                   Screw               Stub      Seal       SportPilot      1" shaft
                                                       shaft    washer

                Nyloc nut
                 (large)
                                                                                                       D10670-2



     To fit the Sport Pilot drive to a 1 inch steering shaft, refer to the illustration above and:
     1. Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the
        steering shaft. If necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
     2. Slide the SPX-5 Sport Drive onto the steering shaft so that the woodruff key
        inserted at step 1 engages with the keyway in the drive.
     Note: You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Sport Drive to secure the drive assembly
     to the shaft.
     3. Place the 5/8 inch seal washer (supplied) on the shaft so that the seal side is
        towards the Sport Drive.
     4. Use the box spanner supplied to secure the drive unit with the 5/8 inch nylock nut
        supplied.
     5. With the steering still hard over to starboard, tighten the drive unit securing nut to
        22 pound feet (30 Newton metres).
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                               19


       6. Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit, ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
           shaft and drive unit are aligned. Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
           countersunk screws supplied. Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches (2.26 New-
           ton metres).
       7. Ensuring that the keyways are aligned, slide the taper adaptor (supplied) onto the
           stub shaft, as far as it will go.
       8. Insert the larger of the woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub shaft. If
           necessary, use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
       9. Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft, so that the woodruff key inserted at
           step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel.
       10. Place the original steering wheel washer on the stub shaft, then secure the wheel
           with the original wheel-securing nut.
       11. Replace the wheel hub cover.

       Sport drive cable routing
       We recommend that the entry point for the cable from the SPX-5 Sport drive is
       positioned so that the chances of water entering through the cable entry point are
       minimized. A watertight grommet is supplied, but if this is not suitable for the thickness
       of the surface through which you intend routing the cable, obtain another grommet of
       suitable size, then:
       1. In a suitable location drill a hole for the cable grommet.
       2. Remove any rough edges from the hole then fit the grommet.
       3. Feed the free end of the cable through the grommet, leaving the coiled part of the
           cable outside.




                                                                              Watertight
                                                                              grommet




                                                                                           D10671-2
20                                                  SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course
    Computer
     Power
     The SPX-5 Sport system needs a 12 V dc supply.
     CAUTION: Ensure correct supply voltage
     Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer, or damage to the
     product could occur.
     Circuit breaker/fuse
     At the power distribution panel, protect the power supply for the SPX-5 Sport system
     with a 20 A fuse or 15 A thermal circuit breaker.
     Cable
     Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 & 9, obtain the
     required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boat's distribution
     panel to the Course Computer.
     Note: The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact. Coil and tie any excess, do
     NOT cut or otherwise remove it.

     Connection procedure




                                                       A      B




                                                    Brown      Blue

                       Red                  Black
          Distribution                                 Drive unit
          panel


             Fuse or
             circuit
             breaker



                             Power supply


                                                                                         D10385-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                    21


       At the Course Computer, locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel
       and SportDrive. Ensuring all power is switched off, refer to the illustration above and
       connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows:
       1. Strip 8-10 mm (3/4 inch) of insulation from the end of each wire.
       2. Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block.
       3. Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the terminal
           block screws.

2.6 Fluxgate Compass
       Note: If you intend using a separate NMEA compass, do not connect the Fluxgate Compass
       supplied with your SPX-5 Sport system. Instead, connect the NMEA compass to the NMEA in-
       put on the SPX-5 Sport system.
       Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass. After fitting the Fluxgate
       Compass, ensure you affix the compass safe area label adjacent to the Fluxgate
       Compass.
       The compass contains a self-levelling mechanism. This enables the compass to
       provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to +/- 35.
       Note: When shaken, the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound. This is entirely normal and
       is not a cause for concern.

       Compass mounting
       Location
       To achieve the best performance, mount your compass:
        With the Raymarine logo facing the bow.
        As close as possible to the boat's pitch and roll center.
        At least 2ft 6 in (0.8 m) away from your boat's steering compass to avoid deviation
           of both compasses.
        As far away as possible from other cables and large iron masses, such as the
           engine or other magnetic devices.




                                                                                                D10386-1



       Note: To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence, tape a hand-
       held compass to the chosen location, then turn the boat through 360. The readings on the hand-
       held compass and your boat's main steering compass (if accurately aligned) should not differ by
       more than10 at any heading.
22                                         SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Mounting procedure
     1. Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead, with the cable leaving at the
        bottom of the unit.
     2. Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass, where it is clearly visible.




                                                            Ver
                                                                tical



                                                                                           D10387-1




     Compass connection
     Route the compass cable to the Course Computer, securing it at regular intervals with
     suitable cable clips/ties.
     Connect to the Course Computer as in the following illustration.




          Screen                              Green
          Red                                 Yellow
                                              Blue




                                  Cable, 8 metres (26 ft)
                                                                        Fluxgate compass
                                                                                           D10388-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                      23


2.7 Pilot Controller
       Fitting
       The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 4 m cable for connection to the
       SeaTalk bus. Ensure that your mounting location is within 4 m of a suitable connection
       point. You may purchase a longer cable if required.
       Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet.

       Connect controller and SeaTalk bus
       The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer, as shown in
       following diagram.




                                                     Red                                    Yellow
                     Pilot Controller                Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
                                                     is to be powered from Course
                                                     Computer. See SeaTalk power
                                                     connections below, for details.
                                                                                             Screen
                                                        SeaTalk




                                                                                                 D10619-1



       Note: You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru-
       ment.

       SeaTalk power connections
       The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
       to SeaTalk:
        If power is supplied by the Course Computer, connect the red and yellow wires
           and the screen to the Course Computer.
        If power is supplied from an external source, connect only the yellow wire and the
           screen to the Course Computer. Do NOT connect the red wire.
24                                                   SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide



     SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
                                                        Course Computer




                                     SeaTalk                   Pilot
                                                             Controller                 SeaTalk instruments
                      Yellow


      Red         Screen
                                                                                    SeaTalk
                                                                                                                D10644-1




     SeaTalk power supplied externally
                                           Course Computer




                                     Pilot
                         SeaTalk




                                   Controller                     SeaTalk instruments

                                                                                                SeaTalk



                                                               SeaTalk



                Yellow                Screen
                                                                                             SeaTalk 12 V power supply
                                                                                                 (via breaker/fuse)
      Do not connect red wire
      (Cut back and insulate)
                                                                                                                D10645-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                 25


2.8 Connect to ground
       CAUTION: Grounding
       The SPX-5 Sport system ground MUST be connected to ship's
       ground. Failure to connect to ship's ground may cause it, or other on-
       board electronics to malfunction.
       To ground your SPX-5 Sport system:
        Use a dedicated earthing plate (e.g. dynaplate) in contact with the water.
        Use flat tinned copper braid, 30 A rating 1/4 inch (6.5 mm) or greater. Equivalent
           stranded wire diameter 3/16 inch (4 mm) or greater
        Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible.
       Note: If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega-
       tive terminal of the battery (ideally at the battery itself).




                            Course computer
                                                  A         B




            Boat's ground
            connection              Preferred grounding
                                    method




                                    Alternative grounding
                                    method



                   Boat's battery
                                                                                                  D10608-1
26                                        SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


2.9 Optional connections
     Rudder reference
     For suitable vessels, an optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide
     an accurate display of the rudder angle, and further improve steering accuracy and
     performance of the SPX-5 Sport system. If you have the optional rudder reference
     transducer, connect it to the course computer as shown.




              Red                                     Screen
                 Blue                         Green




                                                               Rudder transducer
                                                                                     D10393-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                         27


       SeaTalkng Connections
       To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone, use a dedicated spur cable. Spur
       cables are available from your Raymarine dealer, as follows:

       SeaTalkng spur cable length          Part number

       1 ft 3 in (400 mm)                   A06038,

       3 ft 3 in (1 m)                      A06039

       9 ft 10 in (3 m)                     A06040

       16 ft 4 in (5 m)                     A06041




                                                                     A   B




         Red                                Black
                                            White
         Cut back                            Blue
         Screen


         Cut back                             SeaTalkng spur cable
         & insulate
         Yellow
                                                                                     D10394-1




       SeaTalkng power
       The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng. A SeaTalkng system
       must be powered from its own separate power supply.
       See also
       For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the separate reference guide
       available from the Raymarine web site. www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
28                                       SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     NMEA 0183 equipment
     The SPX-5 Sport system can connect via an NMEA port to NMEA devices such as a
     GPS or chartplotter.




                                   +ve    -ve    +ve    -ve    Screen not connected
                                    IN     IN    OUT    OUT




                                   +ve   -ve     +ve     -ve
                                   OUT   OUT      IN      IN
                                          NMEA DEVICE
                                                                                      D10539-1




     Data bridging
     The SPX-5 Pilot system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA0183, allowing
     NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information.
     For example, the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
     SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display.
     NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers' equipment
        When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a non-
         Raymarine cable, you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
         cable near to the Raymarine unit.
        When connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturer's instructions
         for cable details.
        You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
         Computer NMEA input.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                         29


2.10Final checks
       When you have completed all necessary installation procedures, but before you
       apply power to the system, ensure all equipment and connections are properly
       secured.

       Secure all cables
       To prevent strain on the connector blocks, secure the cables to the Course Computer
       with cable ties as shown below.




                                                                                     D10396-1




2.11Commission the system before use
       The autopilot must be commissioned prior to use. For new systems this involves
       calibrating the system, which is a safety-critical action.
       Refer to Section Chapter 3:, Commissioning & Setup for instructions.
30   SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                            31


Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup
   This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
   SPX-5 Sport system.

   Requirement
   The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
   installation, before the SPX-5 Sport system is used to steer the boat. The
   commissioning procedures comprise a series of dockside checks and setup
   procedures followed by a short seatrial.
   Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX-5 Sport
   system for optimum performance with your boat. They are not mandatory and you
   may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX-5 Sport system operates to your
   satisfaction after commissioning.
   When commissioning and setting up the SPX-5 Sport system, use the supplied
   ST6002 controller (Pilot Controller):
    standby & auto select the required operating mode.
    +1, -1, +10 & -10 initiate course changes.
    disp & track provide access to extended functions.
   Note: The system is also compatible with ST7002, ST8002, S100, SmartController and ST70
   Pilot Controllers.

   Power assisted steering
   If your vessel has power steering, this must be operating before commissioning or
   using the autopilot. Operating the autopilot without the power assist steering in
   operation could cause damage to the SportDrive.

   Rudder reference information
   The basic SPX-5 Sport system is supplied without a rudder reference transducer, so
   in the basic system, the Pilot Controller display does not show a rudder reference bar
   or indicator. However, the SPX-5 Sport system is compatible with the Raymarine
   rudder reference transducer, and this can be fitted as an option.




       Display in basic SPX-5 Sport system            Display in SPX-5 Sport system with
                                                         rudder reference option fitted
                                                                                       D10806-1
32                                       SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


3.1 Commissioning
     The commissioning process comprises:
      Dockside checks & setup.
      Seatrial calibration.

     Dockside checks & setup
     The dockside checks comprise:
     1. Switching on.
     2. Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections.
     3. Checking rudder bar and steering operating sense.
     4. Dealer calibration settings. These are:
         Checking autopilot steering sense.
         Setting vessel type and drive type.
         Setting rudder limits, if rudder reference option fitted.
       WARNING:
       For safe control of your boat, you MUST complete the dockside
       preparation before starting the initial seatrial.
     With the boat safely tied up, carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
     before any trials at sea or other setup procedures.
     Step 1 - Switching on
     1. Observing the SportDrive unit, switch on the main power breaker. If the SportDrive
        moves, switch off the power immediately, then ensure the system wiring is correct
        before proceeding.
     2. When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up, the controller
        will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds, before showing the
        STANDBY screen.
        You may also see a CALIBRATE REQUIRED message. This is displayed for a
        short time if either
         The vessel type is not selected.
         The compass is not calibrated.
        These will be calibrated during commissioning.
     3. Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading.




                                                           TRUE




                                                                             D10524-1
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                            33


      Startup problems
       If the Pilot Controller does not beep or the display is blank, switch off the power,
          then check the fuse/circuit breaker and the SeaTalk fuse in the SPX Course Com-
          puter.
       If the display shows the SEATALK FAIL or NO PILOT alarm message, check the
          SeaTalk connections.
       If the STANDBY screen does not display a live compass heading, check the sensor
          connections.
      Step 2 - Check data connections
      Pilot controller
      Check the SmartPilot controller links as follows:
       With on the Pilot Controller switched on, check that the Pilot Controller display
          shows STANDBY.
       If this does not happen or if the display shows NO PILOT, check the cabling and
          connections between the Pilot Controller and the other units.
      SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
      If you have connected the SPX-5 Sport system to a chartplotter or GPS (e.g. via
      NMEA or SeaTalk), check the links by displaying the default navigation data pages on
      the Pilot Controller:
      1. Press disp to display the first data page (XTE), and check that this page shows the
           expected data.
      2. Press disp again to check each successive data page (BTW, DTW etc)
      If the display shows dashes instead of data values, ensure:
       The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting active waypoints.
       The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format.
       There is not a cabling error. Check for open circuit, short circuit or reversed
           connections.
      Other NMEA connections
      To check other NMEA connections, you will need to set up the appropriate page of
      data using Dealer calibration mode.
      Data pages are viewed by pressing the disp key (when in Standby or Auto mode).
      For details of supported NMEA sentences, see Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
      Step 3 - Checking rudder bar operating sense
      If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, check the rudder bar operating sense as
      follows:
      1. Turn the wheel manually to starboard.
      2. Check that the rudder bar on the controller display moves to starboard.
           If the rudder bar moves the wrong way:
           i. Turn off the power.
           ii. Reverse the red and green wires connected to the RUDDER inputs on the
                SPX Course Computer.
           iii. Switch on the power and re-check.
34                                             SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Step 4 - Checking steering operating sense
     Check the steering operating sense as follows:
     1. Manually center the wheel, then press auto (so the SPX-5 Sport system is in Auto
        mode)
     2. Check that the display shows AUTO.
        Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hardover.
     3. Press +10 once.




                                                                                                 D10646-1


     4. Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops.
        if the rudder drives hard over, immediately press standby to prevent further rud-
        der movement.
     5. If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over:
        i. Press standby.
        ii. Turn off the power.
        iii. Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX-5 Sport system computer.
        iv. Switch on the power and re-check.
     Note: If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth, you will
     need to increase the rudder damping level manually (See page 57).

     Step 4 - Dealer calibration settings
     Introduction
          WARNING: Use Dealer calibration correctly
          Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the
          SPX-5 Sport system performance and therefore adversely
          affect the steering capability. Do not change Dealer calibration
          settings other than as described in the product documentation.
     To proceed with the dockside preparation, you need to carry out certain Dealer
     calibration setup functions. The exact requirement and consequently the calibration
     screens displayed, depend on whether a rudder reference transducer is fitted, as
     summarized in the following diagram.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                              35



       Setup map
                                     CAL screen                 CAL screen
          Enter
          DEALER
          CALIBRATION



                                     CAL screen                 CAL screen
            No                 Yes
                 Rudder ref
                   fitted




                                                                                    Leave
                                                                                  DEALER
                                                                                CALIBRATION
                                                                                         D10807-1


      Entering Dealer calibration
      Enter Dealer calibration as follows:
      1. Ensure the SPX-5 Sport system is in Standby mode.
      2. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode.




                       2 sec                    x3




              At the CAL ? screen, press   -1   +    +1   together to enter DEALER CAL
                                                                                          D10540-1


      3. When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL, press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
         is displayed.
      4. Press auto. The display will change to CAL.
      5. Press -1 and +1 together to enter Dealer calibration.
      6. In Dealer calibration, access the vessel type screen, using disp if necessary. The
         vessel type screen shows either VESSEL or one of the vessel types (DISPLACE,
         SEMI DISPLACE, PLANING, STERN DRV, WORK BOAT or SAIL BOAT).
      Setting the vessel type
      The vessel type setting automatically determines appropriate default values for
      various other calibration settings. Some of these settings are checked later in this
      procedure and others should not require any adjustment. The default values for each
      vessel type are listed on page 60.
36                                            SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Set the vessel type as follows:
     1. Use -1 or +1 to select the appropriate type of boat:
          0




     Options                                     Notes

     DISPLACE                                    Power driven boats which do not plane.
                                                 (Typically below 15 kts top speed)

     SEMI DISPLACE                               Faster power-driven boats which do not plane

     PLANING                                     Planing boats with inboard engine(s) and shaft
                                                 drives
                                                 (NOT boats with outdrives or outboard engines)

     STERN DRV                                   Boats with outdrives or outboard engines

     WORK BOAT                                   Commercial tugs, fishing vessels etc

     SAIL BOAT                                   Not applicable for X-5 Sport.

     2. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option.
     Setting the drive type
     With the DRIVE TYP screen displayed, set the drive type as follows:
     1. Use -1 or +1 to select drive type 3.
     2. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option.
     Align the rudder indicator
     If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, the ALIGN RUDDER page is displayed. If this
     is the case, align the rudder indicator as follows:
     1. Use the wheel to enter the rudder.
     2. Use -1 and +1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center of the rudder
          bar on the Pilot Controller display.
          The maximum adjustment available is 9. If the offset is beyond these limits, you
          will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor.
     3. Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
          option. See the Setup map above.
     Note: You can also zero the rudder bar with the boat under way during the initial Seatrial (see
     page 40.

     Set the rudder limits
     If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, the RUDDER LIMIT page is displayed. If this
     is the case, set the rudder limits as follows:
     1. Turn the wheel to move the rudder:
           To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
           To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
     2. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you
          have noted.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                               37


      Save the new settings
      When you have adjusted the above settings, hold down standby for two seconds, to
      save your changes, leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode.

      Seatrial calibration
      When you have completed the dockside checks, carry out a Seatrial calibration, to
      calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering characteristics.
      Important
      If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
      procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
      EMC conformance
      Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is not affected by
      radio transmissions, engine starting etc.This is particularly important when carrying
      out a Seatrial.
      Seatrial conditions
      The seatrial must be carried out only:
       In conditions of light wind and calm water.
       In waters that are clear of any obstructions, so the boat has plenty of clear space
          to maneuver.
      In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance, course over ground (COG),
      speed over ground (SOG) and latitude (LAT) data must be available to the SPX-5
      Sport system (e.g. on SeaTalk). Ensure that the equipment providing this information
      (e.g. GPS), is switched on and fully operational, before starting a Seatrial.
      The Seatrial procedures are:
       Compass calibration.
       Using AutoLearn to set the SPX-5 Sport system steering characteristics.
      Getting started
      Start the SeaTrial calibration as follows:
      1. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice to
         see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
      2. Carry out the Seatrial calibration functions as described below, in the following
         sequence:
         i. Swinging the compass.
         ii. Aligning the compass heading.
         iii. Aligning rudder bar (only if rudder reference transducer is fitted).
         iv. AutoLearn.
      Swinging the compass
      Note: This section does not apply if you have connected an NMEA compass to your SPX sys-
      tem. Refer to the handbook supplied with the NMEA compass for information about calibration.
      The magnetic deviation correction procedure (commonly called "swinging the
      compass") involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can automatically
38                                                     SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     determine the deviation and apply any correction required. The correction procedure
     reduces deviation errors to a few degrees.
     As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat, you MUST
     complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure.
     To swing the compass:
     1. With the SPX-5 Sport system in Standby mode, enter Seatrial calibration as
         follows:
         i. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode.
         ii. When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen, press disp until you see the
              SEATRIAL CAL screen.
         iii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
     Note: If you cannot access Seatrial calibration, disable the calibration lock (see page 54).
     2. Use the disp key to page through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
        SWING COMPASS.




                           2 sec                          x2
                                                                                                    D10541-1



     3. When you are ready to start, press +1, to select SWING COMPASS ON.
     4. Press auto to start the compass swing.
        The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT. This indicates the start of the com-
        pass swing.


                                                                                            Start
                                                                                        turning boat
                                                                                          (see below)




                       Turn boat in slow circles so:
                        boat's speed stays below 2 knots
                        each circle takes at least 2 minutes                       Autopilot heading


          Minimum of
           2 circles
                              Keep turning the boat until
                             you see the DEVIATION screen
                                                                                                    D10474-1


     5. Ensuring you keep the boat's speed below 5 knots, start slowly turning the boat in
        circles, at a constant speed, maintaining a turn rate of approximately 3 per
        second, i.e. taking approximately 2 minutes to complete one turn. Complete at
        least two circles in this manner.
        If you turn the boat too quickly, the display will show a TOO FAST message. If this
        occurs, apply less helm to reduce the rate of turn.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                                                    39


      Note: If necessary, you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp. If you then
      want to repeat the deviation correction, return to the SWING COMPASS screen.
      6. Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
         DEVIATION screen. This indicates that the SPX-5 Sport system has completed the
         deviation correction.
      Note: This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 (not as an east/west
      value).
      If the deviation value exceeds 15 the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on
      your boat. If this occurs, move the compass to a better location. Higher deviation
      figures are acceptable on steel boats.
      Aligning the compass heading
      Once the deviation is displayed, press disp to move to the Heading Alignment page
      (ALIGN HDG), then:
      1. Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold that
          course.
      2. If you have a GPS connected to your SPX-5 Sport system:
          i. Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots.
          ii. Press auto. The SPX-5 Sport system will then set the heading to agree with
              the COG (course over ground) heading received from the GPS.
      As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG, you must fine-
      tune the heading alignment so it matches the boat's steering compass (or a known
      transit bearing). To do this:
      1. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boat's
          steering compass (or a known transit bearing).
      2. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
          compass settings.

      Align the autopilot heading
       a Coarse adjustment: If COG is available from GPS, press           to set autopilot heading to
                            COG value, then fine tune manually (see below).
       b Fine adjustment:   If COG is not available (or after setting heading to COG),
                            align autopilot heading manually:
                                                      Autopilot heading     Steering compass
                                      or
                                                                           =
                                      or
                                                                                                          Known
                                                                                                          heading
                   Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
                   same value as the boat's steering compass

      Save changes                                                          To:
                                                                             save deviation correction
                                                                             save heading alignment
                                                                             return to STANDBY mode
                                           2 sec
                                                                                                              D10473-1
40                                         SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error, small errors
     (a few degrees) may remain. Once you have completed the initial compass
     calibration, you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
     swing the compass again.
     Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a deviation
     curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
     alignment error. You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen, as
     described above.
     If the average heading error is more than 5, check there are no items close to the
     compass that could cause an unwanted magnetic influence. You should also consider
     moving the fluxgate compass and performing the compass deviation correction
     procedure again, circling more slowly and in more favorable conditions.
     Aligning rudder bar
     If the rudder reference transducer is fitted, use this procedure to align the rudder bar
     on the Pilot Controller display:
     1. Access the ALIGN RUDDER screen in Seatrial calibration:
        i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
           to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
        i. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration, then press disp tree times to see the
           ALIGN RUDDER screen
     2. Steer straight ahead then use -1, +1, -10 and +10 or the rotary control to set the dis-
        played rudder bar to zero.

     AutoLearn
     CAUTION:
     When using Autolearn you must have significant clear water both in
     front and to the sides of the vessel. This is needed to accommodate
     a series of maneuvers, which include sudden, sharp turns.
     The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine. This is a self-
     learning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain, counter rudder and
     AutoTrim for optimum performance on your boat.
     If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
     other procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
     Clear water
     The Autolearn set up feature performs a series of 7 or 8 turns at normal cruising
     speed. The amount of clear water required depends upon the cruising speed of your
     vessel.
     For example:
        Minimum 100 m wide and 500 m ahead (typical non-planing vessel at 6 kts).
        Minimum 500 m wide and 2000 m ahead (typical planing vessel at 20 kts).
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                             41



       Typical non-planing vessel at 6 kts




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                                                                                        D11543-1




       Typical planing vessel at 20 kts
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                                                                                        D11544-1




      AutoLearn procedure
      1. If you are not already in Seatrial calibration:
         i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
              to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
         ii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
         iii. Press disp four times to see the AUTOLEARN screen.
      2. In Seatrial calibration, press disp as necessary, until the AUTOLEARN screen is
         displayed.
42                                         SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide



     Enter Seatrial calibration




                           2 sec                       x2

     Prepare for AutoLearn
      steer straight ahead at cruising speed
       (planing boats  just on the plane)
      head into wind and waves




                             x4


                                                                  AutoLearn in progress
               CHECK!                                Start
               Before proceeding, ensure             AutoLearn
               you have sufficient clear
               sea space
                                                                                      D9330-1
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                                                   43


      3. With the AUTOLEARN screen displayed, prepare to start the AutoLearn:
          power boats: steer straight ahead (rudder centered). For non-planing boats,
              set a comfortable cruising speed. For planing boats set the speed so the boat
              is just planing.
          sail boats: with the sails down, steer straight ahead (rudder centered) and
              motor the boat at typical cruising speed.
      4. If conditions are not calm, head into the wind and waves.
      5. When you are ready to start the AutoLearn, press +1.
      6. Press auto. The screen will then show the CLEAR TO MANOEUVER message.
      7. Ensure it is safe to continue, then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers:
          The boat will start a series of zig-zag turns and the display will show LEARNING
              with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage. This number increases
              as AutoLearn progresses.
          A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps (depending on boat char-
              acteristics and sea conditions).
      Note: To cancel an AutoLearn, press standby or disp.


        Boat completes AutoLearn


                                                             AutoLearn successful
                                                                                     Note: If you see a
                                                 After                               LRN FAIL message,
                                               7 to 27                               press disp to return to
                                                steps                                the AUTOLEARN screen
                                                                                     then repeat from Step 2


            !   If you need to cancel the AutoLearn, press         or



        Save new settings
                                                                        To:
                                                                         save AutoLearn calibration settings
                                                                         return to STANDBY mode
                                       2 sec
                                                                                                        D10680-1


      8. When the SPX-5 Sport system has finished learning, the controller will beep and
         display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL:
          LRN PASS = AutoLearn completed successfully.
          LRN FAIL = AutoLearn was not successful, so should be repeated. A failure
             code is also displayed:
             1 = AutoLearn has not been carried out.
             2 = AutoLearn failed, due to manual interruption.
             3 Not used.
             4 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to drive or compass failure.
             5 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to motor current limiting.
             6 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to boat locking in a turn.
44                                        SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     9. If the AutoLearn was successful, hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
        new settings.

     Commissioning complete
     If you have successfully completed the dockside preparation and seatrial calibration,
     the SPX system is now commissioned and ready for use.
     After having used your SPX-5 Sport system, you may decide to change the value of
     some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat. If you feel this is
     necessary, use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup, below.

3.2 Manual setup
     Checking SPX-5 Sport system operation
     Before manually adjusting any settings, familiarize yourself with basic SPX-5 Sport
     system operation, as follows:
     1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
        speed. If necessary, steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
        steers.
     2. Press auto to lock onto the current heading. The SPX-5 Sport system should hold
        a constant heading in calm sea conditions.
     3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to see how the SmartPilot alters the course to port and
        starboard.
     4. Press standby to return to manual steering.
     Adjustable parameters
     If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX-5 Sport system performance, you can do so
     by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust:
      Rudder gain.
      Counter rudder
      AutoTrim.
     Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
     and headings to achieve optimum all-round performance for your particular vessel
     and preferences.
     Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed. For further
     information on adjustable parameters, refer to Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport
     Settings.
     Setting response level
     Before proceeding with any manual adjustment, set the response level to 5 as follows:
     1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
     2. Use disp as necessary to access the RESPONSE screen.
     3. Use the -1 or +1 key or the up and down arrow keys to set a response of 5.
     4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the setting and leave Dealer calibration.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                                45


      Rudder gain
      Boats can vary widely in their response to helm, and by adjusting the rudder gain you
      can change the SPX-5 Sport system's steering characteristics. Rudder gain is a
      measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Sport system applies to correct course errors
       higher settings mean more rudder is applied.
      Checking
      Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly:
      1. Ensure you have set the SPX-5 Sport response to level 5, as described above.
      2. Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water.
         It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave
         action does not mask steering performance.
      3. Press auto to enter Auto mode, then alter course by 40:
          if the rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the 40 course change should result in
               a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5.
          if the rudder gain setting is too high, the 40 course change will result in a dis-
               tinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct `S' in the course (A)
               Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting.
          if the rudder gain is too low, the boat's performance will be sluggish  it will take
               a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot (B).
               Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting.

                                                           New
                                                          heading
                                                             B

                                                                         New
                             Rudder gain                                heading
                                too low                                    A

                                                                                     New
                                            Rudder gain                             heading
                                               too high


                                                              Correct
                                                          rudder gain



                                                                                         D10472-1


      Adjusting
      To adjust the rudder gain:
      1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
      2. Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD GAIN screen.
      3. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the rudder gain.
      4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer calibra-
          tion.
      5. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Sport system performance in Auto mode.
46                                         SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Counter rudder
     Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Sport system applies to try to
     prevent the boat from oversteering. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
     rudder being applied.
     Checking
     To check the counter rudder setting:
     1. Ensure you have set the response to level 5, as described above.
     2. Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
     3. Press auto to switch the SPX-5 Sport system to Auto mode, then make a 90
         course change:
          When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly, the boat performs a
            smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot.
          If the counter rudder is too low, the boat will still overshoot.
          If counter rudder is too high, the boat will `fight' the turn and make a series of
            short, sharp turns: this results in a very `mechanical' feel as the boat changes
            course.
     Adjusting
     To adjust the counter rudder:
     1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
     1. Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration.
     2. Use the -1 or +1 keys to adjust the counter rudder.
     3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer cal-
         ibration.
     4. Press auto to check the SmartPilot performance in Auto mode.

     AutoTrim
     You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting. AutoTrim determines how quickly
     the SPX-5 Sport system applies `standing helm' to correct for trim changes, caused,
     for example, by changes in the wind load on the superstructure, or an imbalance of
     engines.
     Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX-5 Sport system takes to get
     back onto the correct course, but makes the boat less stable. If the SPX-5 Sport
     system:
      Gives unstable course keeping and the boat `snakes' around the desired course,
         decrease the AutoTrim level.
      Hangs off course for excessive periods of time, increase the AutoTrim level.
     Adjusting
     Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting, ensure you have sufficient
     experience using your SPX-5 Sport system.
     If you need to adjust AutoTrim, go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
     value. The range of settings is from OFF (no trim correction) to 6 (fastest trim
     correction).
Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup                                                         47


      To adjust the AutoTrim
      1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
      1. Use disp as necessary to access the AUTOTRIM screen.
      2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the AutoTrim level.
      3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
          calibration.
      4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Sport system performance in Auto mode.

      Rudder damping
      If a rudder reference transducer is fitted, you can set the SPX-5 Sport system rudder
      damping to prevent autopilot `hunting', i.e. continuously moving the steering
      backwards and forwards by small amounts. To set up the rudder damping:
      1. Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35.
      2. Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD DAMP page.
      3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder damping so the hunting stops. Use the
           lowest rudder damping value at which hunting stops.
      4. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
           calibration.
48   SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                         49


Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings
4.1 Introduction
    This chapter describes the SPX-5 Sport system calibration settings and the factory
    default settings. The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
    requirements, but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
    commissioning the system, they should not require further change.
    If you change the calibration settings after the SPX-5 Sport system has been
    commissioned, you do not need to repeat the commissioning process. However, DO
    NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
    Chapter 3 have been completed.

    Calibration modes
    There are four calibration modes, namely Display calibration, User calibration,
    Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration.
    Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values.
    Display Calibration
    The items in Display Calibration affect the SPX-5 Sport system Pilot Controller. They
    are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through
    SeaTalk.
    You can adjust the Display Calibration settings as often as necessary  for example,
    to add or change information displayed on data pages.
    User calibration
    The User calibration group includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
    basis due to changing conditions.
    Seatrial calibration
    The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX-5 Sport
    system, as described in Chapter 3, so is not described again here. Do not access
    Seatrial calibration during normal operation.
    Dealer Calibration
    The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
    operation and can affect your boat's safety.
    After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial, you should not normally
    need to alter the Dealer calibration values.
50                                      SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Accessing the Calibration modes
       Accessing Calibration
       Modes
                           2 seconds


         Calibration
         Modes                                        2 seconds
                                                      (saves changes)


                                                                        to enter Display
                                                                        calibration mode




                                                                        to enter User
                                                                        calibration mode




                                                                        to enter Seatrial
                                                                        calibration mode




                                                             CAL
                                                                        to enter Dealer
                                                               +
                                                                        calibration mode

                                                                                        D10808-1



     Adjusting calibration values
     To adjust calibration values:
     1. Access the required calibration mode (refer to the diagram above).
     2. Press disp to scroll through the available options. To view the previous option,
         press and hold disp for 1 second.
     3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to change the values
     When you have made all required changes, press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
     save changes and exit.
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings                                                            51


4.2 Display calibration
       Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
       Controller.

           Accessing Display
           Calibration




            Display Calibration                                          2 seconds
                                                                         (save changes)


                                                                             To adjust values
                                  The RUDD BAR parameters are
                                   adjustable only if the rudder                   or
                               reference transducer option is fitted
                                                                                   or
                                  Data pages

                                  Press disp
                                  for next page




                                                                                                D10809-1



       RUDD BAR screen
       This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens.

       Heading screen
       Use the Heading (HDG) screen to choose whether to use magnetic or true heading
       data values. The options are:
           HDG MAG - Magnetic heading. If you select this, the screen will indicate MAG for
            heading values, during normal operation.
           HDG TRUE - True heading. If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
            heading values, during normal operation.

       Data pages
       The Pilot Controller has fifteen user-configurable data pages. Each data page can be
       configured to display SeaTalk/NMEA data, which can be viewed during normal
       normal operation (see SmartPilot X-5 Sport Operating Guide).
52                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     The default page settings are:
     Data Page                      Default Setting

     1                              XTE (Cross Track Error)

     2                              BTW (Bearing to Waypoint) - see Note below

     3                              DTW (Distance to Waypoint) - see Note below

     4                              RESPONSE

     Remaining pages                NOT USED (see Setting up data pages below)


     Setting up data pages
     When setting up your data pages, we recommend that you:
      Retain the BTW and DTW data pages. If your SPX-5 Sport system receives a man
       overboard (MOB) message, these data pages will show the bearing and distance
       to the MOB location.
      Disable data pages you do not need to NOT USED. These will then not be
       displayed during normal operation, thereby improving the access time to the other
       data pages..
            .




     Available Data Pages                    Displayed as

     Speed Knots                             SPEED KTS

     Log                                     LOG XXXX.X

     Trip                                    TRIP XXX.X

     Average Speed                           AV. SPD

     Wind Direction                          e.g. WIND PORT

     Wind Speed                              WIND KTS

     Depth Metres                            DEPTH M - see Note below

     Depth Feet                              DEPTH FT - see Note below

     Depth Fathoms                           DEPTH FA - see Note below

     Heading                                 HEADING

     Water Temperature, Degrees C            WATER C - see Note below

     Water Temperature, Degrees F            WATER F - see Note below

     Course Over Ground                      COG

     Speed Over Ground, Knots                SOG KTS

     Cross Track Error                       XTE

     Distance to Waypoint                    DTW
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings                                                             53


       Available Data Pages                     Displayed as

       Bearing to Waypoint                      BTW

       Rudder Gain                              RUDD GAIN

       Response                                 RESPONSE

       Watch                                    WATCH - used to control the Watch timer

       Universal Time Coordinated               UTC

       Note: There are 3 depth pages (meters, feet and fathoms) and 2 water temperature pages (C
       and F). The SPX-5 Sport system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units
       defined by data page you select.


4.3 User calibration
         Accessing User
         Calibration




          User Calibration
                                                                       To adjust values
                                                                             or
                                                      2 seconds
                                                   (save changes)
                                                                             or


                                                                                          D10469-1


       For information on how to access calibration mode see Accessing the Calibration
       modes on page 50.

       Response level
       The User calibration function gives access to the response level setting.
       The response level screen enables you to set the default SPX-5 Sport system
       response level setting. The response level controls the relationship between course
       keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity. You can make temporary
       changes to response during normal operation, as described in Smart Pilot X-5 Sport
       System Operating Guide.
54                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Screen Text             Options

     RESPONSE                Range = 1 to 9
                             Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
                             power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
                             Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well con-
                             trolled turns under normal operating conditions
                             Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
                             activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
                             in open waters as the SPX-5 Sport system may `fight' the sea.


4.4 Dealer calibration
     For information on how to access Dealer calibration, refer to Accessing the
     Calibration modes on page 50.

          WARNING: Dealer calibration
          Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
          affect on the SPX-5 Sport system steering characteristics and
          therefore on the safety of your boat.
     Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process (see
     Section Chapter 3: Commissioning & Setup), and once the SPX-5 Sport system has
     been commissioned, you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration
     values.
     However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration, be aware that
     the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX-5
     Sport system operation and can affect your boat's safety.

     Seatrial calibration lock
     This screen controls the access to Seatrial calibration.

     Screen text             Options

     CAL LOCK OFF            Calibration lock off  Seatrial calibration can be accessed (default)

     CAL LOCK ON             Calibration lock on  Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings                                                            55

            .




         Accessing
         Dealer Calibration




                                                     +

           Dealer Calibration
                                                                                  2 seconds
                                                                                  (saves changes)




                                              To adjust values

                                                    or

                                                    or


                                           To exit & save changes



                                                 2 seconds




                                                                                                D10470-1



       Vessel type
       Selecting the correct vessel type, enables the SPX-5 Sport system to set appropriate
       values for other calibration settings, to give optimum performance. Refer to the table
       on page 60 for default values.

       Options            Vessel type

       DISPLACE           Power-driven boats which do not plane
                          (Typically below 15 kts top speed)

       SEMI DISPLACE      Faster power-driven boats which do not plane
                          (Typically 15-20 kts top speed)

       PLANING            Planing boats with inboard engine(s) and shaft drives
                          (NOT boats with outdrives)
56                                            SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Options              Vessel type

     STERN DRV            Boats with outdrives or outboard engines, including Mercury Verado and
                          Volvo Penta IPS.

     WORK BOAT            Commercial tugs, fishing vessels, etc

     SAIL BOAT            Not applicable to the SPX-5 Sport.system


     Drive type
     The drive type setting controls how the SPX-5 Sport system drives the steering
     system.
     The correct setting for the SPX-5 Sport system is 3. This should be set when
     commissioning the SPX-5 Sport system.

     Align rudder
     The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
     If the rudder reference option is fitted, use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
     bar display. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5 Sport system (see
     page 36).

     Screen Text                     Range

     ALIGN RUD                       -9 to +9 in 1 steps

     Rudder limit
     The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
     If the rudder reference option is fitted, this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder
     control just inside the mechanical end stops, to thus avoid putting the steering system
     under unnecessary load. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5 Sport
     system (see page 36).

     Screen Text              Range

      RUD LIMIT               10 to 40 in 1 steps


     Rudder gain
     Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Sport system applies to
     correct course errors. The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied.
     The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
     (see page 45).

     Screen Text                     Range

      RUD GAIN                       1 to 9
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings                                                      57


       Counter rudder
       Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Sport system applies to try to
       prevent the boat from oversteering. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
       rudder being applied.
       The default counter rudder gain is set during the initial seatrial AutoLearn process
       (see page 40).

       Screen Text                   Range

       COUNT RUD                     1 to 9

       Rudder damping
       If the SPX-5 Sport system `hunts' when trying to position the rudder, adjust the rudder
       damping value to minimize this. Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
       hunting. Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting, and
       always use the lowest acceptable value

       Screen Text                   Range

       RUDD DAMP                     1 to 9

       AutoTrim
       The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX-5 Sport system applies
       `standing helm' to correct for trim changes.
       The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process (see page 40).
       If you need to change the setting, increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
       the lowest acceptable value:
        If the SPX-5 Sport system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
            activity, decrease the AutoTrim level.
        If the SPX-5 Sport system takes too long to settle onto a new course, increase the
            AutoTrim level
        If the AutoTrim level is too high, the boat will be less stable and snake around the
            desired course

       Setting                       Effect

       AUTO TRIM OFF                 No trim correction

       AUTO TRIM 1 to 4              Auto trim applied:
                                     1 = Slowest, 4= Fastest

       Response level
       This sets the default SPX-5 Sport system response level setting. The response level
       controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
       drive activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
       (see your Operating Guide for details).
58                                        SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


     Screen Text            Options

     RESPONSE               Range = 1 to 9
                            Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
                            power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
                            Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well con-
                            trolled turns under normal operating conditions.
                            Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
                            activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
                            in open waters as the SPX-5 Sport system may `fight' the sea.

     Turn rate limit
     This limits your boat's rate of turn under SPX-5 Sport system control.

     Screen Text                  Range

     TURN RATE                    1 to 30 per second in 1 steps


     Off course angle
     This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm (see your
     Operating Guide). The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
     more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds.

     Screen Text                  Range

     OFF COURSE                   15 to 40 in 1 steps




                                          Locked heading


                                                               Boat heading


                                          15 minimum




                                                                                          D3264-3




     PowerSteer
     If you have a joystick connected to your SPX-5 Sport system, use this screen to select
     the required joystick mode of operation. For detailed operating information, refer to
     the guide supplied with the joystick.
Chapter 4: SmartPilot X-5 Sport Settings                                                                 59


        Options

        OFF            Joystick off

        1              Proportional power steer
                       Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement 
                       the further the joystick is held over, the greater the applied rudder.

        2               Bang-bang power steer
                       Bang-bang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
                       movement  to improve control, the speed of rudder movement changes with
                       the angle of the lever. For maximum speed, push the lever hardover. If you
                       return the lever to the center position, the rudder will remain in its current posi-
                       tion.

       Cruise speed
       Sets the cruise speed value to the boat's typical cruising speed. If neither the speed
       through the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the
       SPX-5 Sport system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
       when adjusting autopilot settings.

        Screen Text                      Range

        CRUISE SP                        4 to 60 knots

       Latitude
       If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5 Sport system will
       use this data instead of the calibration value.

        Screen Text                      Range

        LATITUDE                         0 to 80 in 1 steps

       System reset
       CAUTION: Losing settings at system reset
       Do NOT select System RESET unless advised to do so by a
       Raymarine dealer. If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX-5
       Sport system calibration settings. You will then need to repeat the
       SPX-5 Sport system commissioning process.
       Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration, Seatrial calibration and Dealer
       calibration settings to their default values.
       Note: the Display calibration settings will not change, as these are stored in each individual con-
       troller.
       To carry out a system reset:
       1. Select the System reset (RESET) screen in Dealer calibration.
       2. Press +1, then press auto.
60                                           SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


       3. The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message. Either:
             Press auto to cancel the reset
            or
             Press +1 again to select YES and reset the SPX-5 Sport system.
       4. You will then see the CAL LOCK screen:
             Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new default settings, then turn
               the SPX-5 Sport system computer power off and back on
       If you reset the system parameters, you must carry out the SPX-5 Sport
       system commissioning process before using the SPX-5 Sport system again.

4.5 System defaults
Vessel type        Factory    Displacement   Semi-       Planing     Stern Drive   Work Boat
                   Defaults                  Displace-
                                             ment

Calibration Lock   OFF        OFF            OFF         OFF         OFF           OFF

Vessel Type        0          DISPLACE       SEMI        PLANING     STERN         WORK
                                             DISPLACE                DRV           BOAT

Drive Type         3          4              4           4           3             4

Rudder Alignment 0            0              0           0           0             0

Rudder Limit       30         30             30          20          20            30

Rudder Gain        4          5              4           4           4             5

Counter Rudder     4          3              5           5           5             2

Rudder Damping     2          2              2           2           2             3

AutoTrim           2          2              3           3           3             2

Response:          5          5              5           5           5             5

Turn Rate Limit    7          7              7           7           5             7

Off Course Angle   20         20             20          20          20            20

Power Steer        OFF
(Joystick)

Cruise Speed       8          8              8           8           20            8

Latitude           0          0              0           0           0             0

Autopilot Reset    OFF        OFF            OFF         OFF         OFF           OFF
                                                                                             61


Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
    The SPX-5 Sport Course Computer computer supports the following NMEA0183
    sentences.

NMEA0183 to Course Computer

    Header               Data in

    APB                  Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, waypoint number

    BWC                  Bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint number, time
    BWR

    GGA                  Latitude/longitude, time
    GLL

    HDG                  Heading
    HDM
    HDT

    MWV                  Apparent wind angle, apparent wind speed

    RMA                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longi-
                         tude, variation

    RMB                  Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint
                         number

    RMC                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longi-
                         tude, time, variation

    VHW                  Speed through water, heading

    VTG                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG)

    XTE                  Cross track error

    ZDA                  Time, date

NMEA0183 from Course Computer*

    Header               Data out

    HDG                  Heading

    * The computer will only transmit NMEA if it has received the appropriate data.
62   SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                                   63


Appendix 2:                 SPX-5 Sport system specifications
Course Computer

Nominal supply voltage           12 V dc (From course computer only)
                                 (20 A fuse protection at distribution panel)
                                 (15 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution panel)

Operating voltage range          11 V to 16 V DC

Current consumption (maximum)    200 mA

Rate Gyro                        Built in

Environmental conditions:
 operating temperature          -10C to 50C (14F to 122F)
 storage temperature            -20C to 65C (-4F to 149F)
 relative humidity limit        85% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
 water protection               water ingress protection to IPX6, when mounted vertically

Dimensions:                      Width: 240 mm (9 7/16"), Height: 170 mm (6 11/16"),
                                 Depth: 55 mm (2 3/16")

Inputs                           Fluxgate Compass, NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), SeaTalkng,
                                 power

Outputs                          NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), drive motor, SeaTalkng

Raymarine drive compatibility:   Sport Drive (as supplied with product)

Drive motor output:              5 A nominal
                                 10 A peak

SeaTalk output                   2A at 12 V (fuse protected at 2A)

NMEA 0183 v2.3 inputs/outputs    See Appendix 1:, NMEA 0183 sentences

NMEA fast heading output         HDG
                                 5 Hz 0.1 resolution

Fuses                            Standard automotive blade fuses to protect:
Power Terminals                  15 A
SeaTalk Terminals                2A

EMC compliance:                  Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
                                 Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2

SportDrive
Nominal supply voltage             12 V dc
Operating voltage range            10 V to 16 V dc
64                                     SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


Environmental conditions:
 operating temperature       -10C to 50C (14F to 122F)
 storage temperature         -20C to 65C (-4F to 149F)
 relative humidity limit     95% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
 water protection            water ingress protection to IPX6, when mounted vertically
Inputs                        Drive power from compatible Course Computer.
Steering load:
 Maximum continuous          5 pound feet (7 Newton meters)
 Maximum instantaneous       11 pound feet (15 Newton meters)
Manual steering torque        2 pound feet (3 Newton meters)
Servicing                     Daily inspection before commencing any passage:
                              - Visually inspect the sport drive installation.
                              - Check autopilot operation.

                              Annual inspection:
                              Check once per year that the SportDrive, and associated torque
                              restraint are securely fitted and have not worked loose during
                              usage.
                              Remove any deposits from the emergency release pin and
                              check its operation.
                              Service interval:
                              Inspect and service in line with your steering system manufac-
                              turer recommendations.
                              In any event a Raymarine approved service must be carried out
                              every 2 years or 200 engine hours, whichever occurs soonest.
CE compliance and approvals   2004/108/EC (EMC).
                              EN29775 Section 7.2.2 Helm assembly tests.
                              BSEN28848 Helm impact test.
                              Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2.
                                                                                              65


Pilot Controller (ST6002)
Nominal supply voltage:              12 V dc via SeaTalk
Operating voltage range:             10 V to 16 V dc
Current consumption (Standby mode)   60 mA (less than 200 mA with full lighting)
Environmental conditions:
 operating temperature              -10C to 50C (14F to 122F)
 storage temperature                -20C to 65C (-4F to 149F)
 relative humidity limit            95% Relative Humidity (non condensing)
 water protection                   water ingress protection to IPX6.
Overall dimensions:
 width                              110 mm (4.33 in)
 height                             115 mm (4.53 in)
 depth                              41 mm (1.62 in)
Keypad:                              8 button illuminated keypad
Liquid Crystal Display (LCD):        shows heading, locked course and navigational data, and up
                                     to 15 data pages
LCD illumination:                    3 brightness levels + off
Input connections:                   SeaTalk (x2) and NMEA 0183
Output connections:                  SeaTalk (x2)
CE approvals:                        Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC).
                                     Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2.
66   SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                       67


Index
A
Accessing calibration modes, 50                     seatrial calibration lock, 54
AutoTrim, 46, 57                                    system reset, 59
                                                    turn rate limit, 58
C                                                   vessel type, 55
Calibration modes, 49                            Default settings, 60
Certified installation, 1                        Display calibration, 51
Checking system operation, 44                       data page setup, 51
Commissioning                                       heading selection, 51
   Dockside, 32                                  Drive type, 56
        align rudder indicator, 36                  setup, 36
        checking connections, 33                 E
        checking pilot operating sense, 33, 34
        set drive type, 36                       EMC information, v, 7
        set rudder limits, 36                    F
        set vessel type, 35
        switching on, 32                         Fluxgate Compass
   requirement, 29, 31                              connecting, 22
   Seatrial, 37                                     locating, 21
        conditions, 37                              mounting, 22
        heading alignment, 39                    Fuse, 20
Counter rudder, 46, 57                           G
Course Computer
   connections, 11                               Grounding, 25
        Fluxgate Compass, 22                     H
        NMEA0183, 28
        Pilot Controller, 23                     Heading alignment, 39
        power, 20                                Heading selection, 51
        rudder reference, 26                     J
        SeaTalkng, 27
        Sport Drive, 20                          Joystick calibration, 58
   mounting, 9                                   L
D                                                Latitude, 59
Data pages                                       M
   available functions, 52
   setup, 51                                     Magnetic/true heading selection, 51
Dealer calibration                               Manual setup
   align rudder indicator, 56                      AutoTrim, 46
   AutoTrim, 57                                    checking operation, 44
   counter rudder, 57                              counter rudder, 46
   cruise speed, 59                              N
   drive type, 56
   joystick mode, 58                             NMEA0183
   latitude, 59                                    connections, 28
   off course warning angle, 58                    inputs, 61
   response level, 57                              outputs, 61
   rudder damping, 57                            O
   rudder gain, 56
   rudder limits, 56                             Off course warning angle, 58
68                                          SmartPilot X-5 Sport installation & Setup Guide


P
Parts supplied, 4                                      turn rate limit, 58
Pilot Controller                                       vessel type, 35, 55
    connecting, 23                                  Sport Drive
         SeaTalk power NOT supplied by                 cable routing, 19
         Course Computer, 24                           mounting, 11, 16
         SeaTalk power supplied by Course              torque restraint, 13
         Computer, 23                               ST6002 Pilot Controller
    fitting, 23                                        connecting, 23
Power cable requirement, 8                                  SeaTalk power NOT supplied by
Power connection, 20                                        Course Computer, 24
Power supply protection, 20                                 SeaTalk power supplied by Course
                                                            Computer, 23
Product disposal, vi                                   fitting, 23
R                                                   Switching on, 32
Resetting the system, 59                            System defaults, 60
Response level, 53, 57                              System grounding, 25
Rudder damping, 57                                  System overviews, 2
Rudder gain, 56                                     System reset, 59
  setup, 45                                         T
Rudder indicator alignment, 56
                                                    Tools required, 5
  setup, 36
                                                    Torque restraint, 13
Rudder limits, 56
  setup, 36                                         Turn rate limit, 58
Rudder reference option, 26                         U
S                                                   User calibration, 53
                                                      response level, 53
Safety
   electrical, v                                    V
   general, v
                                                    Vessel type, 55
   navigation, v
                                                       setup, 35
SeaTalkng connections, 27
Seatrial Calibration, 37                            W
   conditions, 37                                   Wheel shaft size, 12
   heading alignment, 39
Seatrial calibration lock, 54
Setup
   Accessing calibration modes, 50
   AutoTrim, 46, 57
   counter rudder, 46, 57
   cruise speed, 59
   data pages, 51
   drive type, 36, 56
   heading selection, 51
   joystick, 58
   latitude, 59
   off course warning angle, 58
   response level, 53, 57
   rudder damping, 57
   rudder gain, 45, 56
   rudder indicator alignment, 36, 56
   rudder limits, 36, 56
   seatrial calibration lock, 54


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