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Raymarine Smart Pilot X5 Installation And Setup 87076 3




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SmartPilot X5
Sport Installation
Setup Guide
Document reference 870763
Date August Autohelm HSB RayTech Navigator Sail Pilot SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited Path
finder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited 45STV 60STV AST Autoadapt Auto AutoTrim Bidata G Series HDFI LifeTag
Marine Intelligence Maxiview On Board Raychart Raynav Raypilot ST40 ST60 Seaclutter Smart Route Tridata UniControl Hybridtouch and Waypoint
Navigation are trademarks of Rayma
rine UK Limited
All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners
Copyright 2009 Raymarine UK Ltd All rights reserved
Safety notices v
EMC Conformance v
Pressure washing v
Product documents v
Warranty Product disposal and system overviews 1
11 Installation overview 1
Planning 1
Installing 1
12 Safe and successful installation 1
Certified installation 1
Getting assistance 1
Product documents 2
Marine electronics systems 2
13 Equipment Tools 4
Parts 4
Tools and equipment NOT supplied 5
14 Create a schematic diagram 5
Chapter 2Installing the system 7
21 Installation requirements 7
EMC installation 7
Suppression 7
Connections to other 8
22 General cabling guidelines 8
Power cable 8
23 SPX5 Sport system Course Computer 9
Mounting 9
Connection overview 24 Mounting the SportDrive Step 1 Remove the steering wheel Step 2 Check wheel shaft 12
Step 3 Prepare to fit torque 13
Step 3 Fit Sport Pilot drive 16
Introduction 16
Fitting to 34 inch steering 17
Fitting to 1 inch steering 18
Sport drive cable routing 19
25 Connecting power drive cables to the Course Computer 20
Power 20
Circuit 20
Cable 20
Connection procedure 20
26 Fluxgate Compass 21
Compass 21
Location 21
Mounting 22
Compass connection 22
ii SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup Guide
27 Pilot Controller 23
Fitting 23
Connect controller and SeaTalk bus 23
SeaTalk power 23
28 Connect to ground 25
29 Optional connections 26
Rudder 26
SeaTalkng 27
SeaTalkng 27
See 27
NMEA 0183 28
Data bridging 28
NMEA 0183 Connecting other 28
210Final checks 29
Secure all cables 29
the system before use 29
Chapter Setup 31
Power assisted 31
Rudder reference information 31
31 Commissioning 32
Dockside checks 32
Step 1 Switching 32
Step 2 Check data connections 33
For details of supported NMEA sentences see Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sen
tences 33
Step 3 Checking rudder bar operating sense 33
Step 4 Checking steering operating sense 34
Step 4 Dealer calibration settings 34
Align the rudder indicator 36
Set the rudder limits 36
Save the new 37
Seatrial calibration 37
Getting started 37
Swinging the 37
Aligning the compass heading 39
Aligning rudder bar 40
Clear water 40
AutoLearn procedure 41
Commissioning complete 44
32 Manual setup 44
Checking SPX5 Sport system operation 44
Adjustable 44
Setting response level 44
Rudder gain 45
Checking 45
Adjusting 45
Counter rudder 46
Checking 46
Adjusting 46
Adjusting 46
Rudder damping 47
Chapter 4SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings 49
41 Introduction 49
Calibration modes 49
Display 49
User 49
Seatrial calibration 49
Dealer Calibration 49
Accessing the Calibration 50
Adjusting calibration values 50
42 Display calibration 51
RUDD BAR screen 51
Heading screen 51
Data pages 51
Setting up data 52
43 User calibration 53
Response level 53
44 Dealer calibration 54
Seatrial calibration lock 54
Vessel type 55
Drive type 56
Align rudder 56
Rudder limit 56
Rudder gain 56
Counter rudder 57
Rudder damping 57
AutoTrim 57
Response level 57
Turn rate limit 58
Off course angle 58
Cruise speed 59
Latitude 59
System reset 59
45 System defaults 60
Appendix 1NMEA 0183 sentences 61
NMEA0183 to Course Computer 61
NMEA0183 from Course Computer 61
Appendix 2SPX5 Sport system 63
Course Computer 63
SportDrive 63
Pilot Controller ST6002 65
Index 67
iv SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup Guide
Preface notices
WARNING Product installation operation
This equipment must be installed commissioned and operated
in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided
Failure to do so could result in personal injury damage to your
boat andor poor product WARNING Switch off power supply
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
start installing this product
WARNING Navigational safety
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable many factors can affect its performance Therefore it
should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
replace commonsense and navigational judgement Always
maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
as they develop
EMC Conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
standards for use in the recreational marine environment Their design and
manufacture conforms to the appropriate Compatibility EMC
standards but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
washing
Subjecting any Raymarine product to high pressure washing may cause subsequent
water intrusion and failure of the product Raymarine will not warranty product
subjected to high pressure documents
This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X5 series
Documents can be downloaded from Title Part number
SmartPilot X5 Sport Operating Guide 81293
SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation and Setup Guide 87076
ST6002 Controller Installation Sheet 87058
vi SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup Guide
Title Part number
ST6002 SmartPilot Controller Sport Quick Reference Guide 86131
Fluxgate compass installation sheet 87011
Warranty Booklet 80017
To the best of our knowledge the information in the product documents was correct
when they went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions in product documents
In addition our policy of continuous product improvement may change without notice Therefore Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
differences
between the product and the accompanying To register your new Raymarine product please take a few minutes to fill out the
warranty card It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
card to us to receive full warranty benefits You can also register online at
by following the Login or create an account disposal
Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive
The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
equipment is recycled
Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol illustrated above
must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill but in accordance with local
regulations for such products
Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products we support
its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
products
Please contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
for information on product 1 Installation and system overviews 1
Chapter 1 Installation and system overviews
This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network for an SPX5 Sport system
The SmartPilot X5 SPX5 Sport system is intended for use as an aid to steering
leisure marine craft with a fullyladen displacement up to a maximum of
4400 pounds 2000 kg for mechanically steered craft
7500 pounds 3500 kg for power steered craft
11 Installation overview
There are two stages to installing an SPX5 Sport system namely planning the
installation then installing and mounting the components
It is important to carry out the planning stage to ensure that all components used in
the system including cables and accessories are correctly specified and located
The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage
Planning
1 Understand your system
2 Check equipment supplied
3 Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment
4 Plan cabling and connections
5 Produce a schematic diagram
Installing
1 Mount the SPX5 Sport Course Computer
2 Install SportDrive unit
3 Install the autopilot controller
4 Install the compass
5 Connect power cables and system ground
6 Connect additional equipment cables to the X5 course computer
7 Final fix secure all equipment in place secure all cables
12 Safe and successful installation
To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX5 Sport system installation
must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
instructions in this guide
Certified installation
Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer A
certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits Contact your
Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document
packed with your product
Getting assistance
If you need further assistance with an installation contact your dealer or visit the
Raymarine web site SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup documents
The SPX5 Sport system consists of a number of components connected together
using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus
SPX5 Sport system key components
SmartPilot X5 computer SportDrive unit ST6002 Fluxgate
compass
D103691
Marine electronics systems
The autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system and may be
connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols
including
SeaTalk
SeaTalkng
NMEA 0183
NMEA2000 via 1 Installation and system overviews 3
Example SeaTalk system
SeaTalk allows connection of compatible products though a dedicated data bus to
allow information sharing around the ship
ST6002 ST60 depth ST60 speed ST6002
instrument instrument SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk
SeaTalk SeaTalk
cable cable cable cable cable
Depth SeaTalk
transducer Speed 3way block
transducer
Course computer
12 V dc SeaTalk cable carries
12V power from Course computer
SeaTalk or NMEA Data to and from Course computer
D106281
4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup Guide
13 Equipment Tools
Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
your system
Parts supplied
Sun SmartPilot Panel
cover ST6002 seal
SeaTalk cable
Course Finger nut x2 Stud x2 4 m 13 ft
computer
58 inch 58 inch Taper Spade Spade
Nyloc nut seal washer adaptor connector connector
18 x 2 14 x 1
Stub shaft
Countersunk screw Woodruff Woodruff Pan head screw
M5 x 12 x4 key key standard No 8 x 34 inch x7
SportDrive Countersunk screw M4 M4 spring M4
M4 x 25 x4 washer x4 washer x4 nut x4
3 mm allen key
spanner
Fluxgate compass Compass Cable tie User documents
D10662
with 8 m 26 ft cable warning label x12 in 1 Installation and system overviews
5
Tools and equipment NOT supplied
You will need to supply the following equipment and tools
Tools
Flat bladed screwdriver
Power drill cordless Bearing puller optional to remove the steering wheel
532 in 4 mm drill
Suitable Cables equipment
Power cable and fusebreaker See page 20
Additional data cables eg for connection of GPS or Grounding braid See page 25
14 Create a schematic diagram
As part of the preparation for installing your SPX5 Sport system we recommend that
you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install This will
help ensure that you install a safe optimum system and so is particularly important if
you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment
The schematic diagram should include
Location of all components See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
affect the location of specific components
Connectors cable types routes and lengths
When you have completed the schematic diagram you are ready to begin installing
the SPX5 Sport system
6 SmartPilot X5 Sport Installation Setup Guide
Chapter 2 Installing the system
Before proceeding with the installation ensure you have the following to hand
All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX5 Sport system
The correct type and length of power cable
Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections
You should also check that existing marine electronics such as the GPS are installed
and working
21 Installation requirements
WARNING Install at dockside
For safety reasons your boat must be securely moored at dockside
with power switched off before commencing EMC installation guidelines
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Compatibility EMC regulations This minimizes interference
between equipment which could otherwise affect the performance of your system
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised
For optimum EMC performance we recommend that
Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are
i At least 3 ft 1 m from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio sig
nals eg VHF radios cables and antennas In the case of SSB radios the dis
tance should be increased to 7 ft 2 m
ii More than 7 ft 2 m from the path of a radar beam A radar beam can normally
be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element
The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start
This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
engine start does not have a separate battery
Raymarine specified cables are used
Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation man
Remember
Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of electri
cal equipment This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance for the
Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites These are important for
correct EMC performance Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete
Use only ferrites of the correct type supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers
8 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Connections to other equipment
If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
supplied by Raymarine a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
to the cable near the Raymarine unit
Compass
The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
interference including engines and VHF radio waves To ensure optimum operation it
is essential to locate the compass General cabling guidelines
The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact Coil and tie any
excess do NOT cut or otherwise remove it
Do not mix ac and dc cables
Adhere to EMC guidelines see page 7
Use Kopex conduit where appropriate to protect cables
Label all cables for easy Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables
Power cable requirement
An overview of the power cables is given in the following Drive unit
Course
Distribution Computer
panel Cable A
Cable B
D106791
CAUTION Power cable
Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX5 Sport
system to malfunction Ensure the correct cable size is used If in
doubt use a heavier gauge cable
The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit In
the above illustration that is the total length of Cable A Cable B
Chapter 2 Installing the system 9
The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
table
Total cable length A B Copper area AWG
Up to 30 m 10 ft 25 mm2 14
Up to 50 m 16ft 4 mm2 12
Up to 70 m 23 ft 10 mm2 8
23 SPX5 Sport system Course Computer
Mounting
The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface free from
vibration
10 10 C F
Max 55 130
Min10 14
D103731
10 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
VE OUN
RT T
170 mm 67 in
237 mm 933 in 56 mm
22 in
2 Installing the system 11
Connection overview
The Course Computer provides the following system connections
SeaTalk fuse Power fuse Note Spare fuses
2 A 15A are located in the
connector cover
2 15
A B
Fluxgate NMEA 0183 SeaTalkng Power RF ground
compass inputs inputouput inputs connection
12 V
Rudder position SeaTalk Drive motor
sensor inputs outputs
Mounting the SportDrive
The SportDrive fits over your boats existing steering shaft and the steering wheel is
secured to the SportDriveA taper adaptor is provided to enable the SportDrive to be
fitted to either 34 in 19 mm or 1 in 25 mm steering shaft tapers As the way in which
components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering shaft you need to
ascertain the diameter of the steering shaft before you fit the SportDrive
Step 1 Remove the steering wheel
CAUTION Turn the wheel fully clockwise
Before you remove the steering wheel it is very important to turn it fully
clockwise otherwise damage to the Sport Pilot drive could occur in the
later stages of 1 Turn the wheel fully clockwise to starboard lock
2 Remove the steering wheel hub cover
3 Holding the steering wheel at full starboard lock use the supplied box spanner or
a suitable socket to remove and retain the wheel securing nut and washer
4 Carefully remove the steering wheel a bearing puller will assist with this
5 Remove and retain the woodruff key
12 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Woodruff key
Retaining
Steering Washer
wheel hub
D103761
Step 2 Check wheel shaft size
As the way in which components are fitted depends on the diameter of the steering
shaft it is very important to ascertain the steering shaft diameter before you proceed
with the fitting procedure
As a rough guide if you can slide the taper adaptor supplied with your SPX5 Sport
Drive onto the taper of the steering shaft then the steering shaft is 34 inch diameter If
the taper adaptor is too small to fit onto the steering shaft then the steering shaft is
1 inch diameter
The following simplified diagrams show the general arrangement of the major
components for each size of steering 2 Installing the system 13
Taper adaptor
fits to
Steering wheel steering shaft 34
34 shaft fitting steering
shaft
34 inch Steering Shaft
Steering wheel Taper adaptor 1 steering
1 shaft fitting fits to stub shaft shaft
1 inch Steering Shaft D106631
Step 3 Prepare to fit torque restraint
1 If the steering wheel shaft is 1 inch diameter proceed from step 2 below If the
shaft is34 inch diameter slide the taper adaptor supplied fully onto the steering
wheel shaft taper with the keyways are aligned
2 Temporarily place the SPX5 Sport Drive onto the steering shaft with the torque
restraint at the lowermost point
14 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
3 Referring to the following illustration identify a convenient surface that will pro
vide a secure anchoring point for the torque restraint bracket
Note If your dashboard does not extend below the bottom of the SPX5 Sport Drive you may
need to manufacture an extension from a suitable material and permanently attach it to the
dashboard to accommodate the torque restraint bracket
Dashboard
2 Installing the system 15
4 Offer up the torque restraint bracket to the mounting surface and mark the posi
tions for the securing screws
D103792
5 Remove the SPX5 Sport Drive from the steering shaft then drill four 532 in 4 mm
holes for the securing screws
D103801
16 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Step 3 Fit Sport Pilot drive
Introduction
1 Secure the torque restraint to the mounting surface using the four M4 screws
nuts and washers provided as shown in the following M4 washer M4 nut
M4 spring washer
D106642
2 Fit the SPX5 Sport Drive drive in accordance with the instructions for either a
3 inch or 1 inch steering shaft as appropriate see below
Chapter 2 Installing the system 17
Fitting to 34 inch steering shaft
34 inch shaft fitting
Alignment Alignment Woodruff
mark mark key large
Woodruff Nyloc
Washer key nut
small small
shaft
Screw Seal Sport Drive Taper
washer adaptor
Nyloc nut Stub shaft
large
D106692
To fit the Sport Pilot drive to a 34 inch steering shaft refer to the illustration above and
1 Ensure that the taper adaptor is correctly aligned and in place on the steering
shaft
2 Insert the larger of the two woodruff keys supplied into the drive shaft keyway If
necessary use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
3 Slide the SPX5 Sport Drive onto the shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at step
2 engages with the keyway in the drive
Note You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Sport Drive to secure the drive assembly
to the shaft
4 Place the 58 inch seal washer supplied on the shaft so that the seal side is
towards the Sport Drive
5 Use the box spanner supplied to secure the drive unit with the 58 inch nylock nut
supplied
6 With the steering still hard over to starboard tighten the drive unit securing nut to
22 pound feet 30 Newton meters
7 Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
shaft and drive unit are aligned Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
countersunk screws supplied Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches 226 New
ton metres
18 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
8 Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub
shaft If necessary use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
9 Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at
step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel
10 Place the original steering wheel washer on the shaft then secure the steering
wheel with the original nut
11 Replace the wheel hub cover
Fitting to 1 inch steering shaft
1 inch shaft fitting
Alignment Alignment Woodruff
mark mark key small
Washer Taper Woodruff Nyloc
adaptor key nut
large small
Screw Stub Seal SportPilot 1 shaft
shaft washer
Nyloc nut
large
D106702
To fit the Sport Pilot drive to a 1 inch steering shaft refer to the illustration above and
1 Insert the smaller of the two woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the
steering shaft If necessary use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
2 Slide the SPX5 Sport Drive onto the steering shaft so that the woodruff key
inserted at step 1 engages with the keyway in the drive
Note You MUST USE the nyloc nut supplied with the Sport Drive to secure the drive assembly
to the shaft
3 Place the 58 inch seal washer supplied on the shaft so that the seal side is
towards the Sport Drive
4 Use the box spanner supplied to secure the drive unit with the 58 inch nylock nut
supplied
5 With the steering still hard over to starboard tighten the drive unit securing nut to
22 pound feet 30 Newton 2 Installing the system 19
6 Offer up the stub shaft to the drive unit ensuring the alignment marks on the stub
shaft and drive unit are aligned Secure the stub shaft to the drive with the four
countersunk screws supplied Tighten each screw to 20 pound inches 226 New
ton metres
7 Ensuring that the keyways are aligned slide the taper adaptor supplied onto the
stub shaft as far as it will go
8 Insert the larger of the woodruff keys supplied into the keyway on the stub shaft If
necessary use a small hammer to lightly tap the key into position
9 Slide the steering wheel onto the stub shaft so that the woodruff key inserted at
step 8 engages with the keyway in the wheel
10 Place the original steering wheel washer on the stub shaft then secure the wheel
with the original nut
11 Replace the wheel hub cover
Sport drive cable routing
We recommend that the entry point for the cable from the SPX5 Sport drive is
positioned so that the chances of water entering through the cable entry point are
minimized A watertight grommet is supplied but if this is not suitable for the thickness
of the surface through which you intend routing the cable obtain another grommet of
suitable size then
1 In a suitable location drill a hole for the cable grommet
2 Remove any rough edges from the hole then fit the grommet
3 Feed the free end of the cable through the grommet leaving the coiled part of the
cable outside
Watertight
grommet
D106712
20 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
25 Connecting power drive cables to the Course
Computer
Power
The SPX5 Sport system needs a 12 V dc supply
CAUTION Ensure correct supply voltage
Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer or damage to the
product could occur
Circuit breakerfuse
At the power distribution panel protect the power supply for the SPX5 Sport system
with a 20 A fuse or 15 A thermal circuit breaker
Cable
Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 9 obtain the
required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boats distribution
panel to the Course Computer
Note The power cable attached to the drive unit MUST be left intact Coil and tie any excess do
NOT cut or otherwise remove it
Connection A B
Brown Blue
Red Black
Distribution Drive unit
panel
Fuse or
circuit
breaker
Power supply
2 Installing the system 21
At the Course Computer locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel
and SportDrive Ensuring all power is switched off refer to the illustration above and
connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows
1 Strip 810 mm 34 inch of insulation from the end of each wire
2 Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block
3 Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the terminal
block screws
26 Fluxgate Compass
Note If you intend using a separate NMEA compass do not connect the Fluxgate Compass
supplied with your SPX5 Sport system Instead connect the NMEA compass to the NMEA in
put on the SPX5 Sport system
Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass After fitting the Fluxgate
Compass ensure you affix the compass safe area label adjacent to the Fluxgate
Compass
The compass contains a mechanism This enables the compass to
provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to 35
Note When shaken the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound This is entirely normal and
is not a cause for concern
Compass mounting
Location
To achieve the best performance mount your compass
With the Raymarine logo facing the bow
As close as possible to the boats pitch and roll center
At least 2ft 6 in 08 m away from your boats steering compass to avoid deviation
of both compasses
As far away as possible from other cables and large iron masses such as the
engine or other magnetic devices
D103861
Note To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence tape a hand
held compass to the chosen location then turn the boat through 360 The readings on the hand
held compass and your boats main steering compass if accurately aligned should not differ by
more than10 at any heading
22 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Mounting procedure
1 Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead with the cable leaving at the
bottom of the unit
2 Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass where it is clearly visible
tical
D103871
Compass connection
Route the compass cable to the Course Computer securing it at regular intervals with
suitable cable clipsties
Connect to the Course Computer as in the following Screen Green
Red Yellow
Blue
Cable 8 metres 26 ft
Fluxgate compass
2 Installing the system 23
27 Pilot Controller
Fitting
The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 4 m cable for connection to the
SeaTalk bus Ensure that your mounting location is within 4 m of a suitable connection
point You may purchase a longer cable if required
Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet
Connect controller and SeaTalk bus
The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer as shown in
following diagram
Red Yellow
Pilot Controller Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
is to be powered from Course
Computer See SeaTalk power
connections below for details
Screen
SeaTalk
D106191
Note You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru
ment
SeaTalk power connections
The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
to SeaTalk
If power is supplied by the Course Computer connect the red and yellow wires
and the screen to the Course Computer
If power is supplied from an external source connect only the yellow wire and the
screen to the Course Computer Do NOT connect the red wire
24 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
Course Computer
SeaTalk Pilot
Controller SeaTalk instruments
Yellow
Red Screen
SeaTalk
D106441
SeaTalk power supplied externally
Course Computer
Pilot
SeaTalk
Controller SeaTalk instruments
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
Yellow Screen
SeaTalk 12 V power supply
via Do not connect red wire
Cut back and insulate
2 Installing the system 25
28 Connect to ground
CAUTION Grounding
The SPX5 Sport system ground MUST be connected to ships
ground Failure to connect to ships ground may cause it or other on
board electronics to malfunction
To ground your SPX5 Sport system
Use a dedicated earthing plate eg dynaplate in contact with the water
Use flat tinned copper braid 30 A rating 14 inch 65 mm or greater Equivalent
stranded wire diameter 316 inch 4 mm or greater
Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible
Note If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega
tive terminal of the battery ideally at the battery itself
Course computer
A B
Boats ground
connection Preferred grounding
method
Alternative grounding
method
Boats battery
D106081
26 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
29 Optional connections
Rudder reference
For suitable vessels an optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide
an accurate display of the rudder angle and further improve steering accuracy and
performance of the SPX5 Sport system If you have the optional rudder reference
transducer connect it to the course computer as shown
Red Screen
Blue Green
Rudder transducer
2 Installing the system 27
SeaTalkng Connections
To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone use a dedicated spur cable Spur
cables are available from your Raymarine dealer as follows
SeaTalkng spur cable length Part number
1 ft 3 in 400 mm A06038
3 ft 3 in 1 m A06039
9 ft 10 in 3 m A06040
16 ft 4 in 5 m A06041
A B
Red Black
White
Cut back Blue
Screen
Cut back SeaTalkng spur cable
insulate
Yellow
D103941
SeaTalkng power
The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng A SeaTalkng system
must be powered from its own separate power supply
See also
For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the separate reference guide
available from the Raymarine web site SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
NMEA 0183 equipment
The SPX5 Sport system can connect via an NMEA port to NMEA devices such as a
GPS or ve ve ve ve Screen not connected
IN IN OUT OUT
ve ve ve ve
OUT OUT IN IN
NMEA DEVICE
D105391
Data bridging
The SPX5 Pilot system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA0183 allowing
NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information
For example the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display
NMEA 0183 Connecting other equipment
When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a non
Raymarine cable you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
cable near to the Raymarine unit
When connecting third party equipment refer to the instructions
for cable details
You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
Computer NMEA 2 Installing the system checks
When you have completed all necessary installation procedures but before you
apply power to the system ensure all equipment and connections are properly
secured
Secure all cables
To prevent strain on the connector blocks secure the cables to the Course Computer
with cable ties as shown below
the system before use
The autopilot must be commissioned prior to use For new systems this involves
calibrating the system which is a action
Refer to Section Chapter 3 Commissioning Setup for SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Chapter 3 Commissioning Setup
This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
SPX5 Sport system
Requirement
The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
installation before the SPX5 Sport system is used to steer the boat The
commissioning procedures comprise a series of dockside checks and setup
procedures followed by a short seatrial
Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX5 Sport
system for optimum performance with your boat They are not mandatory and you
may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX5 Sport system operates to your
satisfaction after When commissioning and setting up the SPX5 Sport system use the supplied
ST6002 controller Pilot Controller
standby auto select the required operating mode
1 1 10 10 initiate course changes
disp track provide access to extended functions
Note The system is also compatible with ST7002 ST8002 S100 and ST70
Pilot Power assisted steering
If your vessel has power steering this must be operating before commissioning or
using the autopilot Operating the autopilot without the power assist steering in
operation could cause damage to the SportDrive
Rudder reference information
The basic SPX5 Sport system is supplied without a rudder reference transducer so
in the basic system the Pilot Controller display does not show a rudder reference bar
or indicator However the SPX5 Sport system is compatible with the Raymarine
rudder reference transducer and this can be fitted as an option
Display in basic SPX5 Sport system Display in SPX5 Sport system with
rudder reference option fitted
D108061
32 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
31 The commissioning process comprises
Dockside checks setup
Seatrial Dockside checks setup
The dockside checks comprise
1 Switching on
2 Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections
3 Checking rudder bar and steering operating sense
4 Dealer calibration settings These are
Checking autopilot steering sense
Setting vessel type and drive type
Setting rudder limits if rudder reference option fitted
WARNING
For safe control of your boat you MUST complete the dockside
preparation before starting the initial seatrial
With the boat safely tied up carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
before any trials at sea or other setup procedures
Step 1 Switching on
1 Observing the SportDrive unit switch on the main power breaker If the SportDrive
moves switch off the power immediately then ensure the system wiring is correct
before proceeding
2 When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up the controller
will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds before showing the
STANDBY screen
You may also see a CALIBRATE REQUIRED message This is displayed for a
short time if either
The vessel type is not selected
The compass is not calibrated
These will be calibrated during 3 Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading
TRUE
3 Commissioning Setup 33
Startup problems
If the Pilot Controller does not beep or the display is blank switch off the power
then check the fusecircuit breaker and the SeaTalk fuse in the SPX Course Com
puter
If the display shows the SEATALK FAIL or NO PILOT alarm message check the
SeaTalk connections
If the STANDBY screen does not display a live compass heading check the sensor
connections
Step 2 Check data connections
Pilot controller
Check the SmartPilot controller links as follows
With on the Pilot Controller switched on check that the Pilot Controller display
shows STANDBY
If this does not happen or if the display shows NO PILOT check the cabling and
connections between the Pilot Controller and the other units
SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
If you have connected the SPX5 Sport system to a chartplotter or GPS eg via
NMEA or SeaTalk check the links by displaying the default navigation data pages on
the Pilot Controller
1 Press disp to display the first data page XTE and check that this page shows the
expected data
2 Press disp again to check each successive data page BTW DTW etc
If the display shows dashes instead of data values ensure
The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting active waypoints
The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format
There is not a cabling error Check for open circuit short circuit or reversed
connections
Other NMEA connections
To check other NMEA connections you will need to set up the appropriate page of
data using Dealer calibration mode
Data pages are viewed by pressing the disp key when in Standby or Auto mode
For details of supported NMEA sentences see Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences
Step 3 Checking rudder bar operating sense
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted check the rudder bar operating sense as
follows
1 Turn the wheel manually to starboard
2 Check that the rudder bar on the controller display moves to starboard
If the rudder bar moves the wrong way
i Turn off the power
ii Reverse the red and green wires connected to the RUDDER inputs on the
SPX Course Computer
iii Switch on the power and recheck
34 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Step 4 Checking steering operating sense
Check the steering operating sense as follows
1 Manually center the wheel then press auto so the SPX5 Sport system is in Auto
mode
2 Check that the display shows AUTO
Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hardover
3 Press 10 once
D106461
4 Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops
if the rudder drives hard over immediately press standby to prevent further rud
der movement
5 If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over
i Press standby
ii Turn off the power
iii Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX5 Sport system computer
iv Switch on the power and recheck
Note If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth you will
need to increase the rudder damping level manually See page 57
Step 4 Dealer calibration settings
Introduction
WARNING Use Dealer calibration correctly
Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the
SPX5 Sport system performance and therefore adversely
affect the steering capability Do not change Dealer calibration
settings other than as described in the product To proceed with the dockside preparation you need to carry out certain Dealer
calibration setup functions The exact requirement and consequently the calibration
screens displayed depend on whether a rudder reference transducer is fitted as
summarized in the following 3 Commissioning Setup 35
Setup map
CAL screen CAL screen
Enter
DEALER
CAL screen CAL screen
No Yes
Rudder ref
fitted
Leave
DEALER
CALIBRATION
D108071
Entering Dealer calibration
Enter Dealer calibration as follows
1 Ensure the SPX5 Sport system is in Standby mode
2 Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode
2 sec x3
At the CAL screen press 1 1 together to enter DEALER CAL
D105401
3 When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
is displayed
4 Press auto The display will change to CAL
5 Press 1 and 1 together to enter Dealer calibration
6 In Dealer calibration access the vessel type screen using disp if necessary The
vessel type screen shows either VESSEL or one of the vessel types DISPLACE
SEMI DISPLACE PLANING STERN DRV WORK BOAT or SAIL BOAT
Setting the vessel type
The vessel type setting automatically determines appropriate default values for
various other calibration settings Some of these settings are checked later in this
procedure and others should not require any adjustment The default values for each
vessel type are listed on page 60
36 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Set the vessel type as follows
1 Use 1 or 1 to select the appropriate type of boat
Options Notes
DISPLACE Power driven boats which do not plane
Typically below 15 kts top speed
SEMI DISPLACE Faster powerdriven boats which do not plane
PLANING Planing boats with inboard engines and shaft
drives
NOT boats with outdrives or outboard engines
STERN DRV Boats with outdrives or outboard engines
WORK BOAT Commercial tugs fishing vessels etc
SAIL BOAT Not applicable for X5 Sport
2 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option
Setting the drive type
With the DRIVE TYP screen displayed set the drive type as follows
1 Use 1 or 1 to select drive type 3
2 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option
Align the rudder indicator
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted the ALIGN RUDDER page is displayed If this
is the case align the rudder indicator as follows
1 Use the wheel to enter the rudder
2 Use 1 and 1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center of the rudder
bar on the Pilot Controller display
The maximum adjustment available is 9 If the offset is beyond these limits you
will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor
3 Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
option See the Setup map above
Note You can also zero the rudder bar with the boat under way during the initial Seatrial see
page 40
Set the rudder limits
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted the RUDDER LIMIT page is displayed If this
is the case set the rudder limits as follows
1 Turn the wheel to move the rudder
To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
2 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you
have 3 Commissioning Setup 37
Save the new settings
When you have adjusted the above settings hold down standby for two seconds to
save your changes leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode
Seatrial calibration
When you have completed the dockside checks carry out a Seatrial calibration to
calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering Important
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety
EMC conformance
Always check the installation before going to sea to make sure that it is not affected by
radio engine starting etcThis is particularly important when carrying
out a Seatrial
Seatrial conditions
The seatrial must be carried out only
In conditions of light wind and calm water
In waters that are clear of any obstructions so the boat has plenty of clear space
to maneuver
In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance course over ground COG
speed over ground SOG and latitude LAT data must be available to the SPX5
Sport system eg on SeaTalk Ensure that the equipment providing this information
eg GPS is switched on and fully operational before starting a Seatrial
The Seatrial procedures are
Compass calibration
Using AutoLearn to set the SPX5 Sport system steering Getting started
Start the SeaTrial calibration as follows
1 From Standby mode hold down standby for 2 seconds then press disp twice to
see the SEATRIAL CAL screen
2 Carry out the Seatrial calibration functions as described below in the following
sequence
i Swinging the compass
ii Aligning the compass heading
iii Aligning rudder bar only if rudder reference transducer is fitted
iv AutoLearn
Swinging the compass
Note This section does not apply if you have connected an NMEA compass to your SPX sys
tem Refer to the handbook supplied with the NMEA compass for information about calibration
The magnetic deviation correction procedure commonly called swinging the
compass involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can SmartPilot X5 Sport
installation Setup Guide
determine the deviation and apply any correction required The correction procedure
reduces deviation errors to a few degrees
As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat you MUST
complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure
To swing the compass
1 With the SPX5 Sport system in Standby mode enter Seatrial calibration as
follows
i Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode
ii When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen press disp until you see the
SEATRIAL CAL screen
iii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration
Note If you cannot access Seatrial calibration disable the calibration lock see page 54
2 Use the disp key to page through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
SWING COMPASS
2 sec x2
D105411
3 When you are ready to start press 1 to select SWING COMPASS ON
4 Press auto to start the compass swing
The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT This indicates the start of the com
pass swing
Start
turning boat
see below
Turn boat in slow circles so
boats speed stays below 2 knots
each circle takes at least 2 minutes Autopilot heading
Minimum of
2 circles
Keep turning the boat until
you see the DEVIATION screen
D104741
5 Ensuring you keep the boats speed below 5 knots start slowly turning the boat in
circles at a constant speed maintaining a turn rate of approximately 3 per
second ie taking approximately 2 minutes to complete one turn Complete at
least two circles in this manner
If you turn the boat too quickly the display will show a TOO FAST message If this
occurs apply less helm to reduce the rate of 3 Commissioning Setup
Note If necessary you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp If you then
want to repeat the deviation correction return to the SWING COMPASS screen
6 Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
DEVIATION screen This indicates that the SPX5 Sport system has completed the
deviation correction
Note This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 not as an eastwest
value
If the deviation value exceeds 15 the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on
your boat If this occurs move the compass to a better location Higher deviation
figures are acceptable on steel boats
Aligning the compass heading
Once the deviation is displayed press disp to move to the Heading Alignment page
ALIGN HDG then
1 Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold that
course
2 If you have a GPS connected to your SPX5 Sport system
i Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots
ii Press auto The SPX5 Sport system will then set the heading to agree with
the COG course over ground heading received from the GPS
As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must fine
tune the heading alignment so it matches the boats steering compass or a known
transit bearing To do this
1 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boats
steering compass or a known transit bearing
2 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
compass settings
Align the autopilot heading
a Coarse adjustment If COG is available from GPS press to set autopilot heading to
COG value then fine tune manually see below
b Fine adjustment If COG is not available or after setting heading to COG
align autopilot heading manually
Autopilot heading Steering compass
Known
heading
Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
same value as the boats steering compass
Save changes To
save deviation correction
save heading alignment
return to STANDBY mode
2 sec
D104731
40 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error small errors
a few degrees may remain Once you have completed the initial compass
calibration you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
swing the compass again
Check the heading reading against a number of known headings plot a deviation
curve and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
alignment error You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen as
described above
If the average heading error is more than 5 check there are no items close to the
compass that could cause an unwanted magnetic influence You should also consider
moving the fluxgate compass and performing the compass deviation correction
procedure again circling more slowly and in more favorable conditions
Aligning rudder bar
If the rudder reference transducer is fitted use this procedure to align the rudder bar
on the Pilot Controller display
1 Access the ALIGN RUDDER screen in Seatrial calibration
i From Standby mode hold down standby for 2 seconds then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen
i Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration then press disp tree times to see the
ALIGN RUDDER screen
2 Steer straight ahead then use 1 1 10 and 10 or the rotary control to set the dis
played rudder bar to zero
AutoLearn
CAUTION
When using Autolearn you must have significant clear water both in
front and to the sides of the vessel This is needed to accommodate
a series of maneuvers which include sudden sharp turns
The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine This is a self
learning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain counter rudder and
AutoTrim for optimum performance on your boat
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety
Clear water
The Autolearn set up feature performs a series of 7 or 8 turns at normal cruising
speed The amount of clear water required depends upon the cruising speed of your
vessel
For example
Minimum 100 m wide and 500 m ahead typical nonplaning vessel at 6 kts
Minimum 500 m wide and 2000 m ahead typical planing vessel at 20 3 Commissioning Setup
Typical nonplaning vessel at 6 kts
e m
ac 0
sp 10
se m
r 4n
ea 0
cl 0
of ast
D115431
Typical planing vessel at 20 kts
e 00
ac 5
sp m
se 5
r 02
ea t
cl as
of t le
D115441
AutoLearn procedure
1 If you are not already in Seatrial calibration
i From Standby mode hold down standby for 2 seconds then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen
ii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration
iii Press disp four times to see the AUTOLEARN screen
2 In Seatrial calibration press disp as necessary until the AUTOLEARN screen is
SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Enter Seatrial 2 sec x2
Prepare for AutoLearn
steer straight ahead at cruising speed
planing boats just on the plane
head into wind and waves
AutoLearn in progress
CHECK Start
Before proceeding ensure AutoLearn
you have sufficient clear
sea space
3 Commissioning Setup 43
3 With the AUTOLEARN screen displayed prepare to start the AutoLearn
power boats steer straight ahead rudder centered For nonplaning boats
set a comfortable cruising speed For planing boats set the speed so the boat
is just planing
sail boats with the sails down steer straight ahead rudder centered and
motor the boat at typical cruising speed
4 If conditions are not calm head into the wind and waves
5 When you are ready to start the AutoLearn press 1
6 Press auto The screen will then show the CLEAR TO MANOEUVER message
7 Ensure it is safe to continue then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers
The boat will start a series of zigzag turns and the display will show LEARNING
with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage This number increases
as AutoLearn progresses
A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps depending on boat char
acteristics and sea conditions
Note To cancel an AutoLearn press standby or disp
Boat completes AutoLearn
AutoLearn successful
Note If you see a
After LRN FAIL message
7 to 27 press disp to return to
steps the AUTOLEARN screen
then repeat from Step 2
If you need to cancel the AutoLearn press or
Save new settings
save AutoLearn calibration settings
return to STANDBY mode
2 sec
D106801
8 When the SPX5 Sport system has finished learning the controller will beep and
display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL
LRN PASS AutoLearn completed LRN FAIL AutoLearn was not successful so should be repeated A failure
code is also displayed
1 AutoLearn has not been carried out
2 AutoLearn failed due to manual 3 Not used
4 AutoLearn failed probably due to drive or compass failure
5 AutoLearn failed probably due to motor current limiting
6 AutoLearn failed probably due to boat locking in a turn
44 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
9 If the AutoLearn was successful hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
new settings
Commissioning complete
If you have successfully completed the dockside preparation and seatrial calibration
the SPX system is now commissioned and ready for use
After having used your SPX5 Sport system you may decide to change the value of
some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat If you feel this is
necessary use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup below
32 Manual setup
Checking SPX5 Sport system operation
Before manually adjusting any settings familiarize yourself with basic SPX5 Sport
system operation as follows
1 Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
speed If necessary steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
steers
2 Press auto to lock onto the current heading The SPX5 Sport system should hold
a constant heading in calm sea conditions
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to see how the SmartPilot alters the course to port and
starboard
4 Press standby to return to manual steering
Adjustable parameters
If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX5 Sport system performance you can do so
by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust
Rudder gain
Counter rudder
AutoTrim
Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
and headings to achieve optimum allround performance for your particular vessel
and preferences
Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed For further
information on adjustable parameters refer to Chapter 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport
Settings
Setting response level
Before proceeding with any manual adjustment set the response level to 5 as follows
1 Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35
2 Use disp as necessary to access the RESPONSE screen
3 Use the 1 or 1 key or the up and down arrow keys to set a response of 5
4 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the setting and leave Dealer 3 Commissioning Setup
45
Rudder gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm and by adjusting the rudder gain you
can change the SPX5 Sport systems steering Rudder gain is a
measure of how much helm the SPX5 Sport system applies to correct course errors
higher settings mean more rudder is applied
Checking
Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly
1 Ensure you have set the SPX5 Sport response to level 5 as described above
2 Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water
It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave
action does not mask steering performance
3 Press auto to enter Auto mode then alter course by 40
if the rudder gain is adjusted correctly the 40 course change should result in
a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5
if the rudder gain setting is too high the 40 course change will result in a dis
tinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct S in the course A
Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting
if the rudder gain is too low the boats performance will be sluggish it will take
a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot B
Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting
heading
Rudder gain heading
too low A
Rudder gain heading
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D104721
Adjusting
To adjust the rudder gain
1 Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35
2 Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD GAIN screen
3 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the rudder gain
4 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer calibra
tion
5 Press auto to check the SPX5 Sport system performance in Auto mode
46 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Sport system applies to try to
prevent the boat from oversteering Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied
Checking
To check the counter rudder setting
1 Ensure you have set the response to level 5 as described above
2 Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water
3 Press auto to switch the SPX5 Sport system to Auto mode then make a 90
course change
When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly the boat performs a
smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot
If the counter rudder is too low the boat will still overshoot
If counter rudder is too high the boat will fight the turn and make a series of
short sharp turns this results in a very mechanical feel as the boat changes
course
Adjusting
To adjust the counter rudder
1 Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35
1 Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration
2 Use the 1 or 1 keys to adjust the counter rudder
3 Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer cal
ibration
4 Press auto to check the SmartPilot performance in Auto mode
AutoTrim
You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting AutoTrim determines how quickly
the SPX5 Sport system applies standing helm to correct for trim changes caused
for example by changes in the wind load on the or an imbalance of
engines
Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX5 Sport system takes to get
back onto the correct course but makes the boat less stable If the SPX5 Sport
system
Gives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes around the desired course
decrease the AutoTrim level
Hangs off course for excessive periods of time increase the AutoTrim level
Adjusting
Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting ensure you have sufficient
experience using your SPX5 Sport system
If you need to adjust AutoTrim go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
value The range of settings is from OFF no trim correction to 6 fastest trim
3 Commissioning Setup 47
To adjust the AutoTrim
1 Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35
1 Use disp as necessary to access the AUTOTRIM screen
2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the AutoTrim level
3 Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
calibration
4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Sport system performance in Auto mode
Rudder damping
If a rudder reference transducer is fitted you can set the SPX5 Sport system rudder
damping to prevent autopilot hunting ie continuously moving the steering
backwards and forwards by small amounts To set up the rudder damping
1 Enter Dealer calibration as described on page 35
2 Use disp as necessary to access the RUDD DAMP page
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to set the rudder damping so the hunting stops Use the
lowest rudder damping value at which hunting stops
4 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes and leave Dealer
SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Chapter 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings
41 Introduction
This chapter describes the SPX5 Sport system calibration settings and the factory
default settings The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
requirements but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
commissioning the system they should not require further change
If you change the calibration settings after the SPX5 Sport system has been
commissioned you do not need to repeat the commissioning process However DO
NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
Chapter 3 have been completed
Calibration modes
There are four calibration modes namely Display calibration User calibration
Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration
Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values
Display Calibration
The items in Display Calibration affect the SPX5 Sport system Pilot Controller They
are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through
SeaTalk
You can adjust the Display Calibration settings as often as necessary for example
to add or change information displayed on data pages
User calibration
The User calibration group includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis due to changing conditions
Seatrial calibration
The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX5 Sport
system as described in Chapter 3 so is not described again here Do not access
Seatrial calibration during normal operation
Dealer Calibration
The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
operation and can affect your boats safety
After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial you should not normally
need to alter the Dealer calibration values
50 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Accessing the Calibration modes
Accessing Calibration
Modes
2 seconds
Calibration
Modes 2 seconds
saves changes
to enter Display
calibration mode
to enter User
calibration mode
to enter Seatrial
calibration mode
to enter Dealer
calibration mode
D108081
Adjusting calibration values
To adjust calibration values
1 Access the required calibration mode refer to the diagram above
2 Press disp to scroll through the available options To view the previous option
press and hold disp for 1 second
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to change the values
When you have made all required changes press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
save changes and 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings 51
42 Display calibration
Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
Controller
Accessing Display
Display Calibration 2 seconds
save changes
To adjust values
The RUDD BAR parameters are
adjustable only if the rudder or
reference transducer option is fitted
Data pages
Press disp
for next page
D108091
RUDD BAR screen
This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens
Heading screen
Use the Heading HDG screen to choose whether to use magnetic or true heading
data values The options are
HDG MAG Magnetic heading If you select this the screen will indicate MAG for
heading values during normal operation
HDG TRUE True heading If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
heading values during normal operation
Data pages
The Pilot Controller has fifteen data pages Each data page can be
configured to display SeaTalkNMEA data which can be viewed during normal
normal operation see SmartPilot X5 Sport Operating Guide
52 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
The default page settings are
Data Page Default Setting
1 XTE Cross Track Error
2 BTW Bearing to Waypoint see Note below
3 DTW Distance to Waypoint see Note below
4 RESPONSE
Remaining pages NOT USED see Setting up data pages below
Setting up data pages
When setting up your data pages we recommend that you
Retain the BTW and DTW data pages If your SPX5 Sport system receives a man
overboard MOB message these data pages will show the bearing and distance
to the MOB location
Disable data pages you do not need to NOT USED These will then not be
displayed during normal operation thereby improving the access time to the other
data pages
Available Data Pages Displayed as
Speed Knots SPEED KTS
Log LOG XXXXX
Trip TRIP XXXX
Average Speed AV SPD
Wind Direction eg WIND PORT
Wind Speed WIND KTS
Depth Metres DEPTH M see Note below
Depth Feet DEPTH FT see Note below
Depth Fathoms DEPTH FA see Note below
Heading HEADING
Water Temperature Degrees C WATER C see Note below
Water Temperature Degrees F WATER F see Note below
Course Over Ground COG
Speed Over Ground Knots SOG KTS
Cross Track Error XTE
Distance to Waypoint DTW
Chapter 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings 53
Available Data Pages Displayed as
Bearing to Waypoint BTW
Rudder Gain RUDD GAIN
Response RESPONSE
Watch WATCH used to control the Watch timer
Universal Time Coordinated UTC
Note There are 3 depth pages meters feet and fathoms and 2 water temperature pages C
and F The SPX5 Sport system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units
defined by data page you select
43 User calibration
Accessing User
User Calibration
To adjust values
2 seconds
save changes
D104691
For information on how to access calibration mode see Accessing the Calibration
modes on page 50
Response level
The User calibration function gives access to the response level setting
The response level screen enables you to set the default SPX5 Sport system
response level setting The response level controls the relationship between course
keeping accuracy and the amount of helmdrive activity You can make temporary
changes to response during normal operation as described in Smart Pilot X5 Sport
System Operating Guide
54 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Screen Text Options
RESPONSE Range 1 to 9
Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity This conserves
power but may compromise shortterm accuracy
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con
trolled turns under normal operating conditions
Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX5 Sport system may fight the sea
44 Dealer calibration
For information on how to access Dealer calibration refer to Accessing the
Calibration modes on page 50
WARNING Dealer calibration
Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
affect on the SPX5 Sport system steering and
therefore on the safety of your boat
Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process see
Section Chapter 3 Commissioning Setup and once the SPX5 Sport system has
been commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration
values
However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration be aware that
the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX5
Sport system operation and can affect your boats safety
Seatrial calibration lock
This screen controls the access to Seatrial Screen text Options
CAL LOCK OFF Calibration lock off Seatrial calibration can be accessed default
CAL LOCK ON Calibration lock on Seatrial calibration cannot be 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings
55
Accessing
Dealer
Dealer Calibration
2 seconds
saves changes
To adjust values
To exit save changes
2 seconds
D104701
Vessel type
Selecting the correct vessel type enables the SPX5 Sport system to set appropriate
values for other calibration settings to give optimum performance Refer to the table
on page 60 for default values
Options Vessel type
DISPLACE Powerdriven boats which do not plane
Typically below 15 kts top speed
SEMI DISPLACE Faster powerdriven boats which do not plane
Typically 1520 kts top speed
PLANING Planing boats with inboard engines and shaft drives
NOT boats with SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Options Vessel type
STERN DRV Boats with outdrives or outboard engines including Mercury Verado and
Volvo Penta IPS
WORK BOAT Commercial tugs fishing vessels etc
SAIL BOAT Not applicable to the SPX5 Drive type
The drive type setting controls how the SPX5 Sport system drives the steering
system
The correct setting for the SPX5 Sport system is 3 This should be set when
commissioning the SPX5 Sport system
Align rudder
The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted
If the rudder reference option is fitted use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
bar display This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Sport system see
page 36
Screen Text Range
ALIGN RUD 9 to 9 in 1 steps
Rudder limit
The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted
If the rudder reference option is fitted this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder
control just inside the mechanical end stops to thus avoid putting the steering system
under unnecessary load This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Sport
system see page 36
Screen Text Range
RUD LIMIT 10 to 40 in 1 steps
Rudder gain
Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX5 Sport system applies to
correct course errors The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied
The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
see page 45
Screen Text Range
RUD GAIN 1 to 9
Chapter 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings 57
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Sport system applies to try to
prevent the boat from oversteering Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied
The default counter rudder gain is set during the initial seatrial AutoLearn process
see page 40
Screen Text Range
COUNT RUD 1 to 9
Rudder damping
If the SPX5 Sport system hunts when trying to position the rudder adjust the rudder
damping value to minimize this Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
hunting Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting and
always use the lowest acceptable value
Screen Text Range
RUDD DAMP 1 to 9
AutoTrim
The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX5 Sport system applies
standing helm to correct for trim changes
The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process see page 40
If you need to change the setting increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
the lowest acceptable value
If the SPX5 Sport system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
activity decrease the AutoTrim level
If the SPX5 Sport system takes too long to settle onto a new course increase the
AutoTrim level
If the AutoTrim level is too high the boat will be less stable and snake around the
desired course
Setting Effect
AUTO TRIM OFF No trim correction
AUTO TRIM 1 to 4 Auto trim applied
1 Slowest 4 Fastest
Response level
This sets the default SPX5 Sport system response level setting The response level
controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm
drive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
see your Operating Guide for details
58 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Screen Text Options
RESPONSE Range 1 to 9
Levels 1 to 3 minimize the amount of pilot activity This conserves
power but may compromise shortterm accuracy
Levels 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con
trolled turns under normal operating conditions
Levels 7 to 9 give the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX5 Sport system may fight the sea
Turn rate limit
This limits your boats rate of turn under SPX5 Sport system control
Screen Text Range
TURN RATE 1 to 30 per second in 1 steps
Off course angle
This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm see your
Operating Guide The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds
Screen Text Range
OFF COURSE 15 to 40 in 1 steps
Locked heading
Boat heading
15 minimum
D32643
PowerSteer
If you have a joystick connected to your SPX5 Sport system use this screen to select
the required joystick mode of operation For detailed operating information refer to
the guide supplied with the 4 SmartPilot X5 Sport Settings 59
Options
OFF Joystick off
1 Proportional power steer
Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement
the further the joystick is held over the greater the applied rudder
2 Bangbang power steer
Bangbang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
movement to improve control the speed of rudder movement changes with
the angle of the lever For maximum speed push the lever hardover If you
return the lever to the center position the rudder will remain in its current posi
tion
Cruise speed
Sets the cruise speed value to the boats typical cruising speed If neither the speed
through the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA the
SPX5 Sport system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
when adjusting autopilot settings
Screen Text Range
CRUISE SP 4 to 60 knots
Latitude
If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA the SPX5 Sport system will
use this data instead of the calibration value
Screen Text Range
LATITUDE 0 to 80 in 1 steps
System reset
CAUTION Losing settings at system reset
Do NOT select System RESET unless advised to do so by a
Raymarine dealer If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX5
Sport system calibration settings You will then need to repeat the
SPX5 Sport system commissioning process
Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration Seatrial calibration and Dealer
calibration settings to their default values
Note the Display calibration settings will not change as these are stored in each individual con
troller
To carry out a system reset
1 Select the System reset RESET screen in Dealer calibration
2 Press 1 then press auto
60 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
3 The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message Either
Press auto to cancel the reset
Press 1 again to select YES and reset the SPX5 Sport system
4 You will then see the CAL LOCK screen
Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new default settings then turn
the SPX5 Sport system computer power off and back on
If you reset the system parameters you must carry out the SPX5 Sport
system commissioning process before using the SPX5 Sport system again
45 System type Factory Displacement Semi Planing Stern Drive Work Boat
Defaults Displace
Lock OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
Vessel Type 0 DISPLACE SEMI PLANING STERN WORK
DISPLACE DRV BOAT
Drive Type 3 4 4 4 3 4
Rudder Alignment 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rudder Limit 30 30 30 20 20 30
Rudder Gain 4 5 4 4 4 5
Counter Rudder 4 3 5 5 5 2
Rudder Damping 2 2 2 2 2 3
AutoTrim 2 2 3 3 3 2
Response 5 5 5 5 5 5
Turn Rate Limit 7 7 7 7 5 7
Off Course Angle 20 20 20 20 20 20
Power Steer Speed 8 8 8 8 20 8
Latitude 0 0 0 0 0 0
Autopilot Reset OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF OFF
Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences
The SPX5 Sport Course Computer computer supports the following NMEA0183
to Course Computer
Header Data in
APB Cross track error bearing to waypoint waypoint number
BWC Bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint number time
GGA time
HDG Heading
MWV Apparent wind angle apparent wind speed
RMA Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG tude variation
RMB Cross track error bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint
number
RMC Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG tude time variation
VHW Speed through water heading
VTG Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG
XTE Cross track error
ZDA Time from Course Computer
Header Data out
HDG Heading
The computer will only transmit NMEA if it has received the appropriate data
62 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
Appendix 2 SPX5 Sport system supply voltage 12 V dc From course computer only
20 A fuse protection at distribution panel
15 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution voltage range 11 V to 16 V DC
Current consumption maximum 200 mA
Rate Gyro Built conditions
operating temperature 10C to 50C 14F to 122F
storage temperature 20C to 65C 4F to 149F
relative humidity limit 85 Relative Humidity non condensing
water protection water ingress protection to IPX6 when mounted Width 240 mm 9 716 Height 170 mm 6 1116
Depth 55 mm 2 Fluxgate Compass NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 SeaTalkng
NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 drive motor drive Sport Drive as supplied with motor output 5 A nominal
10 A peak
SeaTalk output 2A at 12 V fuse protected at 2A
NMEA 0183 v23 See Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 fast heading output HDG
5 Hz 01 Standard automotive blade fuses to Terminals 15 A
SeaTalk Terminals 2A
EMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level supply voltage 12 V dc
Operating voltage range 10 V to 16 V dc
64 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup conditions
operating temperature 10C to 50C 14F to 122F
storage temperature 20C to 65C 4F to 149F
relative humidity limit 95 Relative Humidity non condensing
water protection water ingress protection to IPX6 when mounted Drive power from compatible Course load
Maximum continuous 5 pound feet 7 Newton meters
Maximum instantaneous 11 pound feet 15 Newton steering torque 2 pound feet 3 Newton Daily inspection before
commencing any passage
Visually inspect the sport drive Check autopilot operation
Annual inspection
Check once per year that the SportDrive and associated torque
restraint are securely fitted and have not worked loose during
usage
Remove any deposits from the emergency release pin and
check its operation
Service interval
Inspect and service in line with your steering system manufac
turer In any event a Raymarine approved service must be carried out
every 2 years or 200 engine hours whichever occurs soonest
CE compliance and approvals 2004108EC EMC
EN29775 Section 722 Helm assembly tests
BSEN28848 Helm impact test
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2
Pilot Controller supply voltage 12 V dc via voltage range 10 V to 16 V dc
Current consumption Standby mode 60 mA less than 200 mA with full conditions
operating temperature 10C to 50C 14F to 122F
storage temperature 20C to 65C 4F to 149F
relative humidity limit 95 Relative Humidity non condensing
water protection water ingress protection to IPX6
Overall dimensions
width 110 mm 433 in
height 115 mm 453 in
depth 41 mm 162 in
Keypad 8 button illuminated keypad
Liquid Crystal Display LCD shows heading locked course and navigational data and up
to 15 data pages
LCD illumination 3 brightness levels off
Input connections SeaTalk x2 and NMEA 0183
Output connections SeaTalk x2
CE approvals Europe 2004108EC EMC
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2
66 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup Guide
calibration modes 50 seatrial calibration lock 54
AutoTrim 46 57 system reset 59
turn rate limit 58
C vessel type modes 49 Default settings 60
Certified installation 1 Display calibration 51
Checking system operation 44 data page setup heading selection 51
Dockside 32 Drive type 56
align rudder indicator 36 setup 36
checking connections 33 E
checking pilot operating sense 33 34
set drive type 36 EMC information v 7
set rudder limits 36 F
set vessel type 35
switching on 32 Fluxgate Compass
requirement 29 31 connecting 22
Seatrial 37 locating 21
conditions 37 mounting 22
heading alignment 39 Fuse 20
Counter rudder 46 57 G
Course Computer
connections 11 Grounding 25
Fluxgate Compass 22 H
NMEA0183 28
Pilot Controller 23 Heading alignment 39
power 20 Heading selection 51
rudder reference 26 J
SeaTalkng 27
Sport Drive 20 Joystick calibration 58
mounting 9 L
D Latitude 59
Data pages M
available functions 52
setup 51 Magnetictrue heading selection 51
Dealer calibration Manual setup
align rudder indicator 56 AutoTrim 46
AutoTrim 57 checking operation 44
counter rudder 57 counter rudder 46
cruise speed 59 N
drive type 56
joystick mode 58 NMEA0183
latitude 59 connections 28
off course warning angle 58 inputs 61
response level 57 outputs 61
rudder damping 57 O
rudder gain 56
rudder limits 56 Off course warning angle 58
68 SmartPilot X5 Sport installation Setup supplied 4 turn rate limit
Pilot Controller vessel type 35 55
connecting 23 Sport Drive
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by cable routing 19
Course Computer 24 mounting 11 16
SeaTalk power supplied by Course torque restraint 13
Computer 23 ST6002 Pilot Controller
fitting 23 connecting 23
Power cable requirement 8 SeaTalk power NOT supplied by
Power connection 20 Course Computer 24
Power supply protection 20 SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Computer 23
Product disposal vi fitting 23
R Switching on 32
Resetting the system 59 System defaults 60
Response level 53 57 System grounding 25
Rudder damping 57 System overviews 2
Rudder gain 56 System reset 59
setup 45 T
Rudder indicator alignment 56
Tools required 5
setup 36
Torque restraint 13
Rudder limits 56
setup 36 Turn rate limit 58
Rudder reference option 26 U
S User calibration 53
response level 53
Safety
electrical v V
general v
Vessel type 55
navigation v
setup 35
SeaTalkng connections 27
Seatrial Calibration 37 W
conditions 37 Wheel shaft size 12
heading alignment 39
Seatrial calibration lock 54
Setup
Accessing calibration modes 50
AutoTrim 46 57
counter rudder 46 57
cruise speed 59
data pages 51
drive type 36 56
heading selection 51
joystick 58
latitude 59
off course warning angle 58
response level 53 57
rudder damping 57
rudder gain 45 56
rudder indicator alignment 36 56
rudder limits 36 56
seatrial calibration lock 54

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