Monday, June17, 2019 L-36.com

Actisense Ngt 1 User Manual Issue 2.01



Note:

This is a new page for displaying documents. The first time a document is loaded will take a little longer than it will for the next person so please be patient if it takes time. It will be much faster once all the documents have been converted. This will also allow these documents to display on devices without pdf viewers specifically mobile devices. Please email me at "L-36" dot COM if you notice any strange behavior. This is part of the Google requirement that all web pages be "mobile friendly". This is an effort that takes quite a bit of time and as it is just me and I would rather be sailing...

Note also that some documents have blank pages. Just click on "Next Page" if that happens.
Previous Page    Next Page

PDF to Text.

AdobeUCSNGT1NMEA 2000For Actisense Comms API compatible softwareNGT1USBNGT1ISO048DHLPTXdhjl4NORPQUVWXST7Avw sdtHIsssF9BsssJsHsFsKI24UsLd232222dBBdBdBBdB3ddddd222B22dd22222s922229mVsfAHHHHHHHHZSJVg0HSH9XsHcL9rZZ9990sPVTj 999991290667Vmz05g A fAdobeUCS Active Research LimitedTrademarks and Registered TrademarksTechnical AccuracyFigure 1  Example of an NGT1 InstallationInstallation WarningsMounting the NGT1Powering the NGT1Connecting to an NMEA 2000 NetworkNMEA 2000 NetworksNMEA 2000 Minimum Network RequirementsFigure 2  NMEA 2000 Minimum Network Requirements DiagramTable 2  ISO Cable ConnectionsOpening the NGT1 Case Custom NMEA 2000 CableTable 3  NMEA 2000 Connection TableFigure 4  NMEA 2000 PCB ConnectionsConnecting the NGT1 to NMEA ReaderSpecial ARL PcodesTroubleshooting GuideTable 4  Diagnostic LEDTechnical Support and the Returns Procedure Active Research LimitedMinimum NMEA 2000 PGN ListNGT1 Product Order CodesUnit 5 Wessex Trade CentreTelephone 44 0Web wwwactisensecom Active Research LimitedNGT1EN60945and is appropriately CE marked Operation of the unit should be in conjunction with appropriate CE approved shielded connectors and cabling used in accordance with the CE directive EN60945 Any EMC related issues should be reported to Active Research Limited immediately to allow the company to If the unit is connected such that compliance failure occurs beyond the company222s control the company shall not be Trademarks and Registered Trademarks and the Actisense logo are registered trademarks of Active Research Limited All other trademarks are the  name and NMEA logo are copyright held by the NMEA All uses in this manual are by permission and no claim on the right to the NMEA name or logo are made in this manualThe contents of this manual may not be transferred or copied without the express written permission of Active Research Copyright 251 2013 Active Research Ltd All rights reservedTechnical AccuracyTo the best of our knowledge the information contained in this document was correct at the time it was produced Active Research Ltd cannot accept any liability for differences between the product and this document To check for updated Active Research Limited will not be liable for infringement of copyright industrial property rights or other rights of a third Your product has a unique serial number which is needed to complete the product registration form  The serial number is six digits and can be found below the barcode on the white label on the back of the NGT1  If your NGT1 is MFD or using the freely available Actisense NMEA Reader software available from wwwactisensecomYour registration will assist Actisense Support to link your product to your details simplifying any future assistance you 223Troubleshooting Guide224 on page connection to a battery or power supply must meet the mandatory essential safety requirements that may be imposed Actisense products are intended for use in a marine environment primarily for below deck use If a product is to be used in a more severe environment such use may be considered misuse under the Active Research Limited guarantee Please dispose of this product in accordance with the WEEE Directive The product should be taken to a  Active Research LimitedThe Actisense NMEA 2000 to PC Interface NGT1provides an easy way to link a PC to an NMEA 2000 network The NGT1 makes it possible for software applications to read from and write to the NMEA 2000 bus whilst maintaining network integrityA2KTMFFA2KTMFFA2KTMFFNGT1NGT1USB with NMEA 2000 Micro Male cable and USB male type A cable1 x Actisense CD in sleeve Documents and SoftwareNGT1NGT1ISO with NMEA 2000 Micro Male cable and bare wire cable1 x Actisense CD in sleeve Documents and SoftwareNGT1Able to transfer all NMEA 2000 PGNsFirewall enforces NMEA 2000 bus rulesGalvanic Optoisolation between the PC and the NMEA ISO variant ISODrive231 output compatible with RS422 Transfer list for selecting which NMEA 2000 PGNs are Two available variants for different installation Only required to purchase NMEA 2000 Appendix B to Reduced software development time with Windows APIExample of an NGT1 Installation Active Research LimitedAll warnings and notices must be followed to ensure the correct operation of the NGT1 Incorrect It is highly recommended that all of the installation instructions are read before commencing the installation There are important warnings and notes throughout the manual that should be considered before the Warning 1 NGT1accuracy of data contained in each PGN is the responsibility of the generating device or software application Furthermore for each installation requirement the NGT1NGT1 should only be used as an aid to vessel monitoring control or navigation and should not be used as a replacement Warning 2 This product must be installed and operated in accordance with the instructions provided Failure to do so could result in personal injury damage to your boat andor poor product performanceWarning 3 All wiring should be in accordance with the regional code of practice for installations and meet the NMEA 0400 Warning 4 details of supporting software such as NMEA Reader can be found on the NGT1 downloads web page You can check found in most NMEA 2000 MFDs or NMEA Reader  Warning 5 NGT1NGT1NGT1 while the NMEA 2000 cable is connectedNGT1Warning 6 NGT1NGT1Installation Warnings Active Research LimitedMounting the NGT1Use the NGT1 as a template to locate and mark the drill holes for mounting Do not attempt to drill the holes while NGT1 is in position A mounting guide is provided and can be used to mark the mounting holes if preferred223Warning 5 Mounting Requirements224 on page Secure directly to a bulkhead using the two M35 stainless steel panhead screws provided If these screws are lost suitable alternatives may be used instead  Using larger screws can damage the housing and invalidate the Windows 7 8 and 10 will automatically install the drivers from Windows Update if there is an active Internet NGT1If the PC is not connected to the Internet or if the USB of the NGT1222 option in Device Manager will need to be used to install the USB drivers manuallyFound New Hardware Wizard222 should be directed to automatically search for the Search Windows Update222 or ensure the Actisense CD is insertedFor other operating systems and stepbystep guides refer NGT1COM  LPTFind the NGT1 in the list for the USB will see the name of the converter cable with no reference NGT1NGT1To change this number double click the NGT1For USB variants of the NGT1 simply plug the USB cable on the NGT1 in to a PC USB port and the USB driver installation will begin For ISO variants of the NGT1 a USB to serial converter cable can be used to connect to a PC  for LED behaviourPowering the NGT1The NGT1 does not need external power Power is taken from the NMEA 2000 network for ISO variant Active Research LimitedNMEA 2000 NetworksNMEA 2000 devices will only communicate with each other when connected to a powered and correctly terminated NMEA 2000 network It is not enough to simply connect two NMEA 2000 devices directly togetherAll networks need to be powered and terminated correctly to allow data to be transmitted reliably on the network TPieces are needed to connect each device to the network Additional cable lengths can be used between Ensure the NMEA 2000 rules for cable length are adhered 223Table 1  NMEA 2000 Cable Length Rules224Table 1  NMEA 2000 Cable Length RulesCable TypeNMEA 2000 Minimum Network All NMEA 2000 networks require a 12V DC supplyIn addition a correctly functioning network will require the 2 x Terminating Resistors2 x TPieces one per connected device2 x NMEA 2000 Devices such as the NGT1All the required network parts can be supplied by the 223Figure 2  NMEA 2000 Minimum Network Requirements Diagram224 for an example network Note that the diagram should not be used as an installation guide NMEA 2000 networks should only be installed should be in accordance with the regional code of practice NGT1NGT1directly to an NMEA 2000 bus without complication If you are using an alternative proprietary CAN bus network a suitable adapter cable will be required It is recommended that the manual for any proprietary CAN bus network devices be consulted to determine the suitability of connecting an NMEA 2000 device such as the NGT1The NMEA 2000 drop cable on the NGT1 is 15 meters long which can be extended as required up to a maximum of 6 meters from the NMEA 2000 backbone223Table 1  NMEA 2000 Cable Length Rules224 Any drop cable extension Connecting to an NMEA 2000 NetworkPower TapA2KMPT1TPeiceA2KTMFFTPeiceA2KTMFFTerminatorTerminatorNMEA 2000 Minimum Network Requirements Diagram Active Research Limitedport the cable and a connector must meet the following 1  A minimum of 3cores are required in a shielded cable Higher quality cable will naturally yield higher performance higher SignaltoNoise Ratio SNRtypical cables have two twisted pairs inside In this case use one pair for the TX line and one for the RX line Use the spare wire in each pair as ground and connect the cable shield to 2  A DB9 9 pin Dtypesocket3  The OUT A of the NGT1 should be connected to the NGT1 IN A should be connected to the TX of the 4 Connect the IN B and OUT B together and connect to the PC222s serial port ground standard 9 pin Dtype pin 5 To change the port number used in Windows refer 223Status LEDs224 on page behaviour Actisense supply a cable with the 9 pin connector the RS232 side as the PCB shares the same design with Actisense NGW1ISOCOMPUTERNGT1PersonalComputerPortArrows indicatedirection of data 037owISODrive output circuitry and OPTO input circuitry allows many different types of device to be connected without the RS422 system if required for an embedded application 223Table 2  ISO Cable Connections224 shows the cable Table 2  Wire ColourWire NameConnects ToRS232 ground or RS422 OUT negativeOpto In A  IN A  OUT positiveOUT B  ISO Out A  OUT A  35BDJOSXMNbFin1rszTP KavwHvhwhhz6z6hWdcVmwzhUU7E2tU8ehrRLii6olwrEwdR28znMv1SLqvDa6m6sAyGyuo658vw2lBj6991lcZk6DBH jGMD tvtgcL5ETaL10KWnsxzvh7RwulXwjbNPKNe4PX2QvbAaw6fc3JI1HBjva1gNPzrcPBdOKEFN6bbcKe rjYCsW2dvlwZuZ74JUcPZTUbvb35cPJnfMNI7CBu2h52hEZIuesHUhhfj91999903265423265466325HdbvkulNoAhhj99991907326546632NaqlF4pIEq3qq 99102676547323pnji6 dBkyCEyVSfwqqqpr 991990  3255Dh4A gjgy212990333qq299991026542Vqq 4DJ6omq120577HyyxE91290333Xd1210533zzzB20991999903366324wtnsbcNHixyssfdBLHodPVBLBBDBHBLBNBRByBRBFPP7ydfPage 11 Active Research LimitedThe ISOPC cable is connected inside the NGT1 case to screw terminals It is possible to replace the supplied cable cables are used to extend the existing cable rather than replacing it The supplied grommet is not suitable for correctly Opening the NGT1 Case To open a NGT1of the unit then carefully lift off the top of the case The order to access the internal connections Pulling the lid off too roughly without sliding the glands out may damage to the cable connections The NGT1 When opening an NGT1 case be aware that the circuitry inside is not 100 protected against static electricity Please ensure that you use precautions against static damage by only touching the connector block and  Any damage caused to the unit while the case is NGT1NET COMNET SUPNMEA 2000 Drop CableCustom NMEA 2000 CableReplacement NMEA 2000 cable is required to conform in Refer to 223Figure 4  NMEA 2000 PCB Connections224223Table 3  NMEA 2000 Connection Table224 The colours given relate to the supplied Actisense Table 3  NMEA 2000 Connection TableWire ColourNMEA 2000NET LONET HINET COMNET SUPThe cable should have two shielded twisted pairs one pair for the input and one pair for the output The maximum NMEA 2000 PCB Connections Active Research LimitedConnecting the NGT1 to NMEA ReaderNGT1 to the PC by USB cable or RS232 cable depending on variant Reader program Select the port number for the NGT1the Baud rate The default Baud rate for the NGT1115200 NMEA Reader will attempt to communicate with NGT1become available and the green LED indicator next to the  The COM port must be opened at the baud rate the feature in NMEA Reader This will typically be 115200 or PCodes222 options224Normal222 mode the PGNs that are received from the NMEA 2000 bus and transferred to the PC software application However by default many software applications including All222 so that all NMEA 2000 PGNs can be transferred to the result in any change of the NGT1222s behaviourThe PGN Enable Lists can be refreshed with the NGT1222s change the NGT1 ISOPC connection baud rate The bottom drop down menu is disabled as it is currently not required Select the new NGT1 baud rate and click the NGT1 forcing a reboot so the new baud rate can be enabled NMEA Reader will reopen its COM port to the new baud rate to continue communication with the NGT1 process has completed before attempting to edit any setting the Baud rate Some changes may be lost when  Only USB variants of the NGT1 are capable of operating at baud rates above 115200 Do not change the baud rate of ISO variants above 115200 as doing so will prevent the NGT1 from communicating and may require  Changing the baud rate to less than 115200 Baud may result in some NMEA 2000 PGN messages being lost Special ARL Pcodesdisables transmission of special proprietary messages from the NGT1 to the PC There should not be any reason to disable this in an NGT1 however if required to select  Active Research LimitedTroubleshooting GuideThis guide will concentrate on all relevant troubleshooting issues that may arise on your NGT1 Therefore the cables  NGT1 hardware and any other devices should be checked as a matter of course before continuing with The NGT1 hardware has two bright LEDs that can be seen through the case to indicate when data is received from either the serial device or NMEA 2000 network connection It is an important point to note that these two LEDs can only NMEA Reader as a diagnostics tool The LEDs do not The USB driver has not been installed correctly refer to The NMEA 2000 LED does not NGT1 is connected to the NMEA 2000 network and that the NMEA 223Connecting to an NMEA 2000 Network224 on network and there are at least two NMEA 2000 devices on the network If another NGT1 is available NMEA Reader can be used to prove the status of the NMEA Check that the NGT1 is connected correctly to the PC via USB or RS232 portand the software application has opened the COM port connected to the NGT1 at NGT1NGT1fast 4 times per secondThis NGT1 has lost its Firmware please connect the unit to the latest  NGT1 Actipatch and reinstall the Firmware The latest Firmware can be found on NGT1 downloadsTechnical Support and the Returns ProcedureAll installation instructions and any warnings contained in this manual must be followed before contacting Actisense technical support If the troubleshooting guide did not help resolve the problem and an error persists please contact Actisense technical support to help trace the issue before considering the return of the product If Actisense support concludes that the NGT1 unit should be returned to Actisense a Returns Number will be issued by the support engineerThe Returns Number must be clearly visible on both the external packaging and any documentation returned with the product Any returns sent without a Returns Number will incur a delay in being processed and a possible charge Active Research LimitedTable 4  Power Supply ISO VariantSupply VoltageNMEA 2000 PortNMEA 2000 Port35mA  12V DCPower Supply USB VariantSupply VoltageNMEA 2000 Port85mA  5V DCNMEA 2000 Port15mA  12V DCFlame retardent ABS UL V0Weight NGT1ISOWeight NGT1USBMeets all IEC 611623 requirementsSections 910  112Operating TemperatureStorage TemperatureNMEA 2000 Port All VariantsM12 Male A polarisedCable Length NMEA 200004m 19 with NMEA 2000 cable PC Port ISO Variant4800 to 115200 BaudDefault setting  115200 BaudOutput Voltage Drive20mA maxInput Voltage ToleranceUSB Port USB VariantDefault setting  115200 BaudMale type A plug moulded onto Windows XP Vista 7 8 81  NGT1 downloadsContact Actisense for full details 22sD9ssZ6ffffffffVVEEEEEEqEqEqEqEqEqEqEqEsdsdsdsdsdsdffffffffddddddddzkzkffEEqEqEsdsdffddffffffffVVqqqqqqqqddddddddzkzkfffffffVVVVVgOgqqqqEqV9u9ueeffffffVVaadddddeBzkZsaCCVfa2DVXlZDUuUuPP09JAJSVXsWsqDqsZslslsjEvSVsh7Hu87usuqGLLLAdobeUCS Active Research LimitedMinimum NMEA 2000 PGN ListNGT1NGT1 Optionally the NGT1 can be put in 223Transfer Receive All224 mode which allows the NGT1 to transfer any and all PGN messages from the NMEA 2000 bus without limitation It is impractical to publish the entire NMEA 2000 PGN list 223Table 5  Minimum NMEA 2000 PGN List224Table 5  Minimum NMEA 2000 PGN ListISO AcknowledgeISO Transport Protocol Data TransferISO Transport Protocol Connection ManagementISO Address ClaimISO Address CommandNMEA  Request Group Function Active Research LimitedNGT1ISONMEA 2000 PC Interface special version with RS422 serialNGT1USBNMEA 2000 PC Interface standard version with USBSeaTalkNG to NMEA 2000 adaptor cable dropActisense NMEA NGT1 Product Order CodesUnit 5 Wessex Trade CentreTelephone 44 0746682Web wwwactisensecom048DHLPTXdhjl4NORPQUVWXST7Avw sdtHIsssF9BsssJsHsFsKI24UsLd232222dBBdBdBBdB3ddddd222B22dd22222s922229mVsfAHHHHHHHHZSJVg0HSH9XsHcL9rZZ9990sPYVjbj51jbD 2011 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2011 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedQICPYIArialMTQICPYIArialMTQICPYIArialMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2011 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedQICPYIArialMTRegularQICPYIArialMTQICPYIArialMTQICPYIArialMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype CorporationT6Lwi8Wujyq03FE9630n NZxJdnbcdefghjikmlnoqprsutvwxzy HIJKKEp9KClSCHHjb4kKkMyleC Nae1BNI5Kuz11LHaHXkCs90NRHsVJS1W1W1W1W1W1W1W1WZSJVL9cJDVCFC9HUAdobeUCSAdobeUCSAdobeUCS048DHLPTXdhjl4NORPQUVWXST7Avw 3KDKD43441444tttSfuXhpOw0pXo0 YXRU KV1BfJKs9bT9VJs0asUasUTksIsIQVsAVsA9y9YRPVJs09VVNNNyN0NkOk8sEUkQs099sA 011eYAf2NZKA7KPYddZc6PPy2ZZZZYYYAf2KA7KPddZcAKdAQCFFFFHFFFP55XF29294x000vvoR0FFFQ sg29296R2929224x0004x0004x000iiiivvvv222200000000T4FTT4FTppTisU99VQQVsAYVshgyVvFCyVv9VRYRY5U7YasULV4asUrmm9 rsIsIXVsAYsL69YR9VRWk8sssrTzTFCCFJC Cf9bR CwGVtRVjiVVCiSsIasUTTTTTVsAVsAVsAVsAVsA9bTN9999sss99999YR9YR9YR9YRVVYVJs0VJs0VJs0VJs0VJs0VsVs99VsVsVs9ssI9NNNNNNNNCCNNNNNN99999999RRRRRRUUvvvvvvvvbNNNNNNNNNNNN99RRvvNNNNNNNNNNCCNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNWW99999999vvvvvvvvVVJNNNNNejbsaa 0fSSSS99sVTWsrrSSSV5asU9IvRs4RRTKSSvQQQs9KUsv22U2U222rU2222w2x22z222w222222222222 22242H22I2I2 22B22L2C222222B22FFFAT5Oiivv92KAXUfhsUs9aTass9j12456l6l789tABCEG2IJLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLLMN NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNUjbj51jkUb 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedFHPGAEArialBoldMTFHPGAEArialBoldMTFHPGAEArialBoldMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedFHPGAEArialBoldMTRegularFHPGAEArialBoldMTFHPGAEArialBoldMTFHPGAEArialBoldMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype CorporationTA 222323U3D2321232AOF3A 23AoA22APMMoK12K2A  220422PAxenncnbd2A2AC242 22T2ATTnnn2AEkFF232A82A0 00Po0zpwwz222222sOst2o2p222A22A02d322222At558P5tAX7 7000   7  A7 07AtttttptttttOztuwpppppzpppptpupwztuwPPPPPzPPPPtPuPwztuw00000z0000t0u0w     z    t u wztuwztuwAztuw0ttztuwztuwztuwztuw     z    t u wX3KDKD43441444tttSfuXhpOw0pXo0 YXRU KV1BfJKs9bT9VJs0asUasUTksIsIQVsAVsA9y9YRPVJs09VVNNNyN0NkOk8sEUkQs099sA 011eYAf2NZKA7KPYddZc6PPy2ZZZZYYYAf2KA7KPddZcAKdAQCFFFFHFFFP55XF29294x000vvoR0FFFQ sg29296R2929224x0004x0004x000iiiivvvv222200000000T4FTT4FTppTisU99VQQVsAYVshgyVvFCyVv9VRYRY5U7YasULV4asUrmm9 rsIsIXVsAYsL69YR9VRWk8sssrTzTFCCFJC Cf9bR CwGVtRVjiVVCiSsIasUTTTTTVsAVsAVsAVsAVsA9bTN9999sss99999YR9YR9YR9YRVVYVJs0VJs0VJs0VJs0VJs0VsVs99VsVsVs9ssI9NNNNNNNNCCNNNNNN99999999RRRRRRUUvvvvvvvvbNNNNNNNNNNNN99RRvvNNNNNNNNNNCCNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNWW99999999vvvvvvvvVVJNNNNNejbsaa 0fSSSS99sVTWsrrSSSV5asU9IvRs4RRTKSSvQQQs9KUsv22U2U222rU2222w2x22z222w222222222222 22242H22I2I2 22B22L2C222222B22FFFAT5Oiivv92KAXUfhsUs9aTass92AC242 22T2ATTnnn2AEkFF232A82A0 00Po0zpwwz222222sOst2o2p222A22A02d322222At558P5tAX7 7000   7  A7 07AtttttptttttOztuwpppppzpppptpupwztuwPPPPPzPPPPtPuPwztuw00000z0000t0u0w     z    t u wztuwztuwAztuw0ttztuwztuwztuwztuw     z    t u wXAdobeUCSAdobeUCSsdtHIsssF9BsssJsHsFsKI24UsLd232222dBBdBdBBdB3ddddd222B22dd22222s922229mVsfAHHHHHHHHZSJVg0HSH9XsHcL9rZZ9990sPPPPJvRVJ8RbFFFJbD 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedTCSMOCArialMTTCSMOCArialMTTCSMOCArialMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2014 The Monotype Corporation All Rights ReservedTCSMOCArialMTRegularTCSMOCArialMTTCSMOCArialMTTCSMOCArialMTArial is a trademark of The Monotype CorporationTxk779G383AEXYEXY015jZZ

Ad by Google

Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.