Wednesday, April25, 2018 L-36.com


Marine Weather and Tides
Kahaluu-Keauhou, HI

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
3/3/2018 - There is a new GOES Satellite for the east coast that required rewriting that part of the code. Please report any issues.
6/25/2017 - NOAA is having a major issue that impact the 7 day forecast load times. Many users are reporting problems. The issue has been reported.
5/23/2017 - Worked with NOAA again to speed up the 7 day forecast load times. Thanks to them for being responsive.

Sunrise 5:53AMSunset 6:42PM Tuesday April 24, 2018 8:23 PM HST (06:23 UTC) Moonrise 2:13PMMoonset 2:26AM Illumination 75% Phase: Waxing Gibbous; Moon at 10 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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PHZ123 Big Island Leeward Waters- 336 Pm Hst Tue Apr 24 2018
.small craft advisory in effect through early Thursday morning...
Tonight..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east to 25 knots near south point. Wind waves 9 feet. Northwest swell 3 feet. Haze. Isolated showers.
Wednesday..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east 20 knots near south point. Wind waves 8 feet. Haze. Isolated showers.
Wednesday night..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east to 25 knots near south point. Wind waves 8 feet. Haze. Isolated showers.
Thursday..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east 20 knots near south point. Wind waves 7 feet. Haze. Isolated showers.
Thursday night..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east 20 knots near south point. Wind waves 6 feet. Northwest swell 3 feet after midnight. Haze. Isolated showers.
Friday..Winds variable less than 10 knots west of the big island...east 15 knots near south point. Wind waves 5 feet. Northwest swell 3 feet. Haze. Isolated showers.
Friday night..West of the big island, winds variable less than 10 knots in the evening. Winds variable less than 10 knots after midnight. NEar south point, east winds 15 knots in the evening. Wind waves 5 feet. Northwest swell 3 feet. Haze. Scattered showers.
Saturday..Winds variable less than 10 knots becoming northeast 10 knots after midnight. Wind waves 3 to 4 feet. Northwest swell 3 to 4 feet. Haze. Showers likely.
Sunday..Northeast winds 10 knots in the morning becoming variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 3 feet. Northwest swell 4 to 5 feet. Haze. Showers likely.
PHZ100 336 Pm Hst Tue Apr 24 2018
Synopsis for hawaiian coastal waters.. Strong high pressure far northeast of the area will gradually weaken Wednesday and Thursday. A low will develop north of the area on Friday, and linger through the weekend. The low is expected to send a front down the island chain this weekend.

7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Kahaluu-Keauhou, HI
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location: 19.61, -155.97     debug


Area Discussion for -
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Fxhw60 phfo 250131
afdhfo
area forecast discussion
national weather service honolulu hi
331 pm hst Tue apr 24 2018

Synopsis
Strong high pressure northeast of the state will maintain breezy
trades and a stable regime of mainly windward and mauka rainfall
through tonight. Trades will gradually weaken on Wednesday and
Thursday, then shift out of the southeast on Thursday night ahead
of a front. The front will affect the western end of the state on
Friday then move to the eastern end of the island chain on
Saturday, likely bringing wet and unsettled weather to portions of
the state.

Discussion
A typical breezy spring trade wind pattern remains in place. A
1036 mb surface high located 1,300 miles north-northeast of the
state is maintaining a breezy and gusty trade wind flow. Ridging
aloft is producing stable conditions. Afternoon soundings and
recent aircraft data show an inversion between 4,500 and 6,500
ft. Precipitable water (pw) ranges from near april normal at 1.0
to 1.1 inches in most areas to upwards of 1.5 inches in the
random pockets of moisture observed in the trade wind flow. One
such area of moisture has been affecting windward areas from the
big island to oahu today, bringing up to 1.50 inches of rainfall
to the wetter windward slopes and generally less than one third of
an inch to most windward areas.

Only minor changes are expected during the next couple of days.

The breezy trades will hold through tonight then gradually decline
Wednesday and Thursday as the surface high to the northeast
weakens. The mid level ridge will weaken but remain strong enough
to maintain somewhat stable conditions, with the inversion slowly
weakening and rising as an upper level trough moves in from the
northwest. The current pocket of moisture in the trade wind flow
should clear the state by evening, and the GFS and ECMWF are
showing another area of low level moisture moving in on Thursday
along with increasing high clouds.

A marked shift in the weather pattern will begin Thursday night as
a deep low forms roughly 800 miles north of the state and
generates a cold front about 250 miles north and northwest of
kauai. Trades will rapidly decrease and shift out of the southeast
as the front develops and advances toward the islands. The GFS and
ecmwf show the area of low level moisture lingering along windward
areas, and as the atmosphere destabilizes, we will have to watch
out for the potential of heavy showers, mainly over the western
half of the island chain.

The front will likely affect the western half of the state on
Friday and Friday night. The GFS and ECMWF depict this feature as
somewhat poorly defined initially, then merging with a surface
trough forming in the pocket of low level moisture pooled near
the islands. The supporting upper level low will likely be closest
to the state late Friday, and the GFS and ECMWF depict the
islands near the entrance region of a forming jet stream aloft.

This points to the potential for localized heavy rainfall along
the eastward-moving front, mainly from kauai to molokai during
this time.

There is high potential for wet and unsettled weather over
portions of the state this weekend, though uncertainty remains
high on the details. The GFS and ECMWF have yet to show a
consistent depiction of the front during this time, though the
latest runs suggest that the feature will stall near the big
island late Saturday. Pw values in excess of 1.75 inches are
expected along the stalled front as deep southeasterly flow draws
up deep moisture from the tropics, and flooding rainfall is
possible for the eastern end of the state. To the west of the
front, a drier and more stable northerly flow will fill in. And
while uncertainty in the frontal position remains, kauai and oahu
have the greatest chance of experiencing the drier conditions as
early as Saturday.

Heading into next week and the start of may, a return to typical
trade wind weather is unlikely. An upper level trough will remain
parked over the region, and a surface low should meander several
hundred miles north of the state. As a result, winds should
remain somewhat light.

Aviation
High far north of the area will maintain locally strong ene
trade winds over the main hawaiian islands. These winds are
pushing an area of showery low clouds over the islands. As of
0130 utc, the leading edge of the shower area was over kauai and
the trailing edge was over maui. Airmet sierra is in effect for
the islands from the maui to kauai. We may be able to drop the
airmet soon for maui.

Airmet tango remains in effect on the leeward side of the
mountains on all islands due to the strong winds.

Marine
A 1036 mb surface high to the nne of the islands is driving
fresh to strong trade winds over the area, and a small craft
advisory (sca) is posted for all hawaiian waters through tonight.

As the high gradually weakens and moves S and E Wednesday through
Thursday respectively, trade winds will gradually diminish, and
the SCA will diminish in area to include the windier zones around
maui and the big island through Wednesday night. A low developing
n of the area will lead to rapidly diminishing wind speeds
Thursday, with winds and seas dropping below SCA criteria
statewide. The developing low is expected to send a front down the
island chain this weekend, and post-frontal N winds may reach sca
criteria in some zones. The expectation is that the nearby low
will send a sloppy nnw swell toward the islands this weekend into
next week, with associated seas rising above 10 feet in most
zones.

A diminishing NW swell will continue to lower through Wednesday,
with a moderate long-period nnw swell expected to arrive on
Thursday, and peak Friday with peak surf heights below advisory
levels. As discussed above, a low is expected to develop N of the
islands late in the week, and remain in place until early next
week. The amount of swell surf that arrives in the islands will
depend on the evolution of the low and associated fetch, and
current indications are that a fairly significant swell will
produce high-end advisory-level surf along exposed N and W facing
shores, with the peak of the swell around Sunday. Uncertainty
remains high, and the forecast will likely need tweaking as
details become clearer. Meanwhile, the weather pattern in the s
hemisphere has become conducive for S swells to arrive in the
islands, and a series of relatively small SW to S swells is
expected over the next week or so. Finally, rough and choppy surf
along E facing shores is just below advisory level. Little
significant change in surf heights is expected in the short term,
with seas and surf diminishing by the end of the week as trade
winds diminish.

Hfo watches warnings advisories
Small craft advisory until 6 am hst Thursday for maalaea bay-
pailolo channel-alenuihaha channel-big island leeward waters-big
island southeast waters.

Small craft advisory until 6 am hst Wednesday for kauai
northwest waters-kauai windward waters-kauai leeward waters-
kauai channel-oahu windward waters-oahu leeward waters-kaiwi
channel-maui county windward waters-maui county leeward waters-
big island windward waters.

Discussion... Wroe
aviation... Donaldson
marine... Birchard


Weather Reporting Stations
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Stations Dist Age Wind Air TempWater Temp WavesPressureDewPt
KWHH1 30 mi54 min WSW 2.9 G 5.1 79°F 79°F1015.9 hPa
ILOH1 - 1617760 - Hilo, HI 49 mi54 min ENE 5.1 G 8 75°F 77°F1018.5 hPa
KLIH1 - 1615680 - Kahului Bay, Maui, HI 93 mi54 min NE 11 G 17 75°F 77°F1018.8 hPa

Wind History for Kawaihae, HI
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Kailua / Kona, Keahole Airport, HI3 mi31 minSE 910.00 miMostly Cloudy77°F64°F66%1016.2 hPa

Wind History from HKO (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrSE12SE6E3E4E6SE5S4S4CalmE7N5N44SW7SW8SW4SW5W9W8W8NW5N15E10SE9
1 day agoSE10CalmNE4E5E4E3E3E3SE5NE4N44W4SW7SW7SW11SW9W8SW4SW5SW9S11S7S7
2 days agoCalmCalmSE3CalmNE7N6E3E8E6E7SE6S6SW6W7W8W9W9W9SW9S8S6S8NE11
G18
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G18

Tide / Current Tables for Kailua Kona, Big Island, Hawaii
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Kailua Kona
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Wed -- 12:16 AM HST     1.80 feet High Tide
Wed -- 03:12 AM HST     Moonset
Wed -- 05:58 AM HST     Sunrise
Wed -- 07:10 AM HST     -0.10 feet Low Tide
Wed -- 01:19 PM HST     1.27 feet High Tide
Wed -- 03:11 PM HST     Moonrise
Wed -- 06:45 PM HST     Sunset
Wed -- 06:55 PM HST     0.27 feet Low Tide
Tide / Current data from XTide NOT FOR NAVIGATION
Sorry tide depth graphs only, please select another station.
12am1am2am3am4am5am6am7am8am9am10am11am12pm1pm2pm3pm4pm5pm6pm7pm8pm9pm10pm11pm
1.81.71.51.20.70.30-0.1-00.20.50.91.11.31.21.10.80.50.30.30.40.611.3

Tide / Current Tables for Kawaihae, Big Island, Hawaii
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Kawaihae
Click for Map
Wed -- 12:40 AM HST     1.99 feet High Tide
Wed -- 03:11 AM HST     Moonset
Wed -- 05:57 AM HST     Sunrise
Wed -- 07:31 AM HST     -0.00 feet Low Tide
Wed -- 01:43 PM HST     1.47 feet High Tide
Wed -- 03:10 PM HST     Moonrise
Wed -- 06:45 PM HST     Sunset
Wed -- 07:18 PM HST     0.38 feet Low Tide
Tide / Current data from XTide NOT FOR NAVIGATION
Sorry tide depth graphs only, please select another station.
12am1am2am3am4am5am6am7am8am9am10am11am12pm1pm2pm3pm4pm5pm6pm7pm8pm9pm10pm11pm
1.921.81.510.60.2000.20.50.91.21.41.51.31.10.80.50.40.40.611.4

Weather Map and Satellite Images
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GOES Local Image of Hawaii    EDIT
NOTE: East coast views moved to GEOS-16. They are experimental and not well supported by NOAA so they may not be correct so be warned. This change required redoing a large amount of the GOES code. If the image you are expecting is not showing, please let me know. You may need to use the EDIT function to update your location.
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Wind Forecast for (2,6,7,8)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Kohala, HI
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Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.