Monday, December18, 2017 L-36.com


Marine Weather and Tides
Paia, HI

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
6/25/2017 - NOAA is having a major issue that impact the 7 day forecast load times. Many users are reporting problems. The issue has been reported.
5/23/2017 - Worked with NOAA again to speed up the 7 day forecast load times. Thanks to them for being responsive.
5/19/2016 - There were issues with the 3 day airport observation history. I switched to another data source. Let me know if you see any issues with the data feeds.

Sunrise 6:55AMSunset 5:49PM Sunday December 17, 2017 11:02 PM HST (09:02 UTC) Moonrise 6:26AMMoonset 5:46PM Illumination 0% Phase: New Moon; Moon at 0 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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PHZ119 Maalaea Bay- 928 Pm Hst Sun Dec 17 2017
Rest of tonight..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Isolated showers after midnight.
Monday..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Haze. Isolated showers.
Monday night..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Scattered heavy showers and Thunderstorms in the evening, then heavy showers and Thunderstorms likely after midnight.
Tuesday..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Occasional heavy showers and Thunderstorms.
Tuesday night..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Showers likely and slight chance of Thunderstorms.
Wednesday..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Showers likely and slight chance of Thunderstorms.
Wednesday night..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Showers likely and slight chance of Thunderstorms.
Thursday..North winds 10 knots becoming variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Scattered showers.
Friday..Winds variable less than 10 knots. Wind waves 2 feet or less. Isolated showers.
PHZ100 928 Pm Hst Sun Dec 17 2017
Synopsis for hawaiian coastal waters.. Weak low pressure will remain over the region tonight, then lift north-northeast as a cold front approaches. The cold front will reach the kauai waters late Tuesday into Tuesday night, then continue down the island chain through midweek.

7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Paia, HI
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location: 20.9, -156.36     debug


Area Discussion for -
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Fxhw60 phfo 180725
afdhfo
area forecast discussion
national weather service honolulu hi
925 pm hst Sun dec 17 2017

Synopsis
Surface troughing will set up over the central and eastern
islands through mid week, while a strong upper level trough
approaches from the west. This will lead to increasing showers
across the state on Monday, with locally heavy rainfall and
thunderstorms possible across the central and eastern islands
Monday night through Wednesday night. A cooler and drier airmass
will overspread the state Thursday through Friday, with fewer
showers. A reinforcing cold front will then move down the island
chain Friday night and Saturday bringing a band of showers with
it. Trade winds are then expected to return next Sunday, with
showers favoring windward and mauka areas.

Discussion
Currently at the surface, a weak trough of low pressure located
just to the west and northwest of kauai, is leaving a weak
pressure gradient in place across the island chain, with land
breezes dominant in most areas this evening. Aloft, a digging
upper level trough is evident in water vapor imagery around 750
miles to the west-northwest of kauai. Infrared satellite imagery
shows clear to partly cloudy skies over kauai and oahu, with
partly to mostly cloudy conditions across maui county and the big
island. Radar imagery shows a few light showers near kauai and
just northwest of oahu, as well as over the big island and
southern sections of maui within two bands of deeper layer
moisture. Main short term concerns revolve around the chances for
heavy rainfall and thunderstorms through mid week.

Tonight,
a weak pressure pattern will remain in place across the islands
with the surface trough remaining just to the northwest of kauai.

The upper level trough to the west of the state will continue to
dig slowly southeastward toward the islands, with an upper level
jet strengthening over the central and eastern end of the state.

Two bands of enhanced moisture will continue to affect the
islands overnight, one in the vicinity of kauai and the other near
maui and the big island. The enhanced moisture along with
increasing forcing for ascent with the approach of the upper level
trough, is expected to keep some isolated showers in place over
mainly the eastern and western ends of the state through the
overnight hours.

Monday through Wednesday night,
the digging upper level trough to the west of the state will
result in the development of surface troughing through the
central islands Monday and Monday night. The surface trough will
then linger in the vicinity of maui county and the big island
through mid week. Meanwhile, a cold front will approach the
islands from the northwest on Tuesday, reaching kauai by late in
the day or early in the evening. The front will continue to
slowly move southeastward down the island chain Tuesday night
through Wednesday night, kicking the troughing over the central
and eastern islands to the east of the state by daybreak
Thursday.

Deep layer moisture will increase over the eastern end of the
state on Monday, with precipitable water values climbing into the
1.5 to 1.8 inch range by late in the day. This deep moisture will
then linger over the central and eastern islands Monday night and
Tuesday before shifting slowly eastward Tuesday night through
Wednesday night as the cold front progresses down the island
chain. Given the favorable jet dynamics with entrance region
forcing from a strengthening upper level jet over the central and
eastern islands, along with the approaching upper level trough and
plenty of deep layer moisture, a fairly unsettled period is
expected across the state, particularly over the central and
eastern islands. Showers are expected to increase over the central
and eastern islands on Monday, with some locally heavy rainfall
and thunderstorms possible Monday night through Wednesday night,
particularly over maui county and the big island. Across kauai,
the airmass won't be as moist, so shower activity is not expected
to be as widespread, with showers expected to be most prevalent in
association with the cold frontal passage Tuesday night into
Wednesday. Oahu will likely be on the edge of the deeper moisture
and any minor deviation of this moisture axis west or east will
have a significant impact on coverage and intensity of the
rainfall.

Given the potential for heavy rainfall and thunderstorms, a flash
flood watch remains in effect from oahu to the big island Monday
night through Tuesday night. This watch may eventually be dropped
for oahu if the deeper moisture axis doesn't make it as far west.

Additionally, with the heavy rainfall threat likely continuing
Wednesday and Wednesday night across the eastern end of the
state, the watch may need to be extended in time for maui county
and the big island.

Strong forcing for ascent along with plenty of deep layer shear
will overspread the central and eastern islands Monday night
through Wednesday night, and this may result in a few waves of
strong to possibly severe thunderstorms across the islands. The
one limiting factor appears to be instability, with marginal cape
values generally remaining at or below 500 j kg through the
period. This will need to be monitored closely over the next
several days, with the main threats from any stronger storms if
the kinematic and thermodynamic environments align, being
damaging straight line winds and hail.

Finally, with the increase in deep layer moisture over the eastern
end of the state, periods of accumulating snow are likely over
the big island summits Monday night through Wednesday night. A
winter storm watch is currently in effect from Tuesday through
Wednesday night. This watch will likely need to be upgraded to a
warning later tonight, and the beginning time may need to be
shifted earlier to begin Monday night. Upper level winds will also
be on the increase with the approach of the upper level trough
from the west, and this could lead to blizzard conditions at
times Tuesday through Wednesday night.

Thursday through next Sunday,
the upper trough axis is expected to shift east of the big island
Thursday morning, and this will allow a cooler and drier post
frontal airmass to overspread the entire island chain. Locally
breezy northerly winds on Thursday will begin to diminish Thursday
night and Friday as a ridge of high pressure settles southward
over the state. Yet another cold front is then expected to swing
southward through the island chain Friday night and Saturday, with
trades returning by next Sunday.

As for sensible weather details, scattered showers are expected
mainly across north facing slopes and coasts Thursday and
Thursday night as low level lapse rates remain steep in the cool
airmass following the frontal passage. Shower coverage will
decrease on Friday as the surface ridge builds southward over the
islands, with a band of showers then expected to accompany the
next front Friday night through Saturday as it progresses down the
island chain. Fairly dry conditions are then expected Saturday
night and Sunday, but given steep low level lapse rates in the
post frontal airmass, scattered showers will likely continue
across windward and mauka areas.

Aviation
A low pressure area north of the hawaiian islands and an
approaching cold front from the northwest will keep the state in a
light southwest flow pattern. Wind speeds will be light enough for
afternoon sea breezes to develop with onshore wind direction
shifts, mainly over north and east island slopes, from late
morning to afternoon. Overnight winds will become more variable.

The large scale southerly flow will continue to pull up tropical
moisture into the big island and maui this evening with increasing
clouds and isolated to scattered showers.

Tempo MVFR will linger eastern half of the big island overnight
with MVFR conditions expanding to the southern slopes by Monday
night. PrevailingVFR conditions over molokai, lanai and maui
will transition to tempo MVFR ceilings by Monday afternoon.

ExpectVFR conditions to prevail for kauai and oahu through
Monday night.

Airmet sierra for mountain obscuration is currently posted for
eastern sections of the big island. Airmets for mountain
obscuration will likely be expanded to maui, lanai and molokai by
Monday afternoon.

Marine
Light winds will likely hold into Tuesday as a trough of low
pressure continues to impact the local weather. Moderate to fresh
northerly winds are forecast to fill in around by midweek as
another cold front moves down the island chain. There will be a
brief lull in the wind speeds Thursday night into Friday, but wind
direction flow is forecast to remain out of the north and
northwest into next weekend. Winds should remain below advisory
levels through the week.

The expected long-period, west-northwest (320 deg) swell has
filled in at the nearshore buoys. Surf associated with this source
will hold through Monday below advisory thresholds along north
and west facing shores.

A reinforcing, shorter-period (11-12 sec) northerly (350-010 deg)
swell associated with a gale developing north of the state is
expected Monday night through midweek. This new swell could result
in surf reaching advisory levels along north facing shores
beginning Tuesday night.

A long-period northwest (320-330 deg) swell associated with a large
area of gales forecast to setup over the northwest pacific between
40n and 50n Wednesday (near the western end of the aleutians)
through Thursday will fill in Friday. Surf heights should remain
well below advisory levels from this source.

For the extended, guidance remains in decent agreement and shows a
gale developing just east of the date line around 40n Wednesday
through Thursday. A large area of strong- to gale-force winds
associated with this feature is forecast to setup within the
330-350 directional band relative to the islands. Surf associated
with this source will come up, likely exceeding advisory levels
over the weekend along north facing shores.

Hfo watches warnings advisories
Flash flood watch from Monday evening through late Tuesday night
for oahu-molokai-lanai-kahoolawe-maui-big island.

High wind warning until midnight hst tonight for big island
summits.

Winter storm watch from Tuesday morning through late Wednesday
night for big island summits.

Discussion... Jelsema
aviation... Bohlin
marine... Gibbs


Weather Reporting Stations
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Stations Dist Age Wind Air TempWater Temp WavesPressureDewPt
KLIH1 - 1615680 - Kahului Bay, Maui, HI 6 mi50 min WSW 1.9 G 2.9 72°F 75°F1013.4 hPa
51205 9 mi32 min 78°F7 ft
51202 - Mokapu Point, HI (098) 78 mi58 min 76°F6 ft

Wind History for Kahului, Kahului Harbor, HI
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Kahului, Kahului Airport, HI4 mi68 minN 010.00 miA Few Clouds67°F64°F91%1013.9 hPa

Wind History from HOG (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrSE5SE5SW4CalmS3S3SE5CalmS3NW3NW3NW7NE8N8N6NE6N7N4N3E3S4CalmCalmSE6
1 day agoSW4S6S11S8S12S12S15S14S7SW14
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Tide / Current Tables for Kahului, Kahului Harbor, Hawaii
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Kahului
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Mon -- 03:01 AM HST     2.63 feet High Tide
Mon -- 06:56 AM HST     Sunrise
Mon -- 07:15 AM HST     Moonrise
Mon -- 09:29 AM HST     0.84 feet Low Tide
Mon -- 01:49 PM HST     1.41 feet High Tide
Mon -- 05:48 PM HST     Sunset
Mon -- 06:33 PM HST     Moonset
Mon -- 08:11 PM HST     -0.30 feet Low Tide
Tide / Current data from XTide NOT FOR NAVIGATION
Sorry tide depth graphs only, please select another station.
12am1am2am3am4am5am6am7am8am9am10am11am12pm1pm2pm3pm4pm5pm6pm7pm8pm9pm10pm11pm
1.62.12.52.62.52.21.81.410.90.911.21.41.41.310.60.2-0.1-0.3-0.20.10.6

Tide / Current Tables for Kihei, Maui (Hawaii)
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Kihei
Click for Map
Mon -- 04:20 AM HST     2.50 feet High Tide
Mon -- 06:56 AM HST     Sunrise
Mon -- 07:15 AM HST     Moonrise
Mon -- 11:03 AM HST     0.31 feet Low Tide
Mon -- 04:18 PM HST     1.03 feet High Tide
Mon -- 05:48 PM HST     Sunset
Mon -- 06:33 PM HST     Moonset
Mon -- 09:31 PM HST     -0.03 feet Low Tide
Tide / Current data from XTide NOT FOR NAVIGATION
Sorry tide depth graphs only, please select another station.
12am1am2am3am4am5am6am7am8am9am10am11am12pm1pm2pm3pm4pm5pm6pm7pm8pm9pm10pm11pm
0.91.41.92.32.52.42.21.71.20.70.40.30.40.50.70.9110.80.50.2000.2

Weather Map and Satellite Images
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Weather Map
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IR Satellite Image from GEOS
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GOES Local Image of Hawaii    EDIT
Geos

Wind Forecast for (4,6,7,8)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Molokai, HI
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Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.