Monday, March27, 2017 L-36.com


Marine Weather and Tides
Florence, AL

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
5/19/2016 - There were issues with the 3 day airport observation history. I switched to another data source. Let me know if you see any issues with the data feeds.
3/12/2015 - Added section for Gulf current for users in the GMZ marine zones.
This was requested by a user. If you have requests, please let me know.

Sunrise 6:41AMSunset 7:09PM Monday March 27, 2017 5:37 AM CDT (10:37 UTC) Moonrise 6:36AMMoonset 6:52PM Illumination 0% Phase: New Moon; Moon at 29 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Florence, AL
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location: 34.83, -87.67     debug


Area Discussion for - Huntsville, AL
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Fxus64 khun 270520 aac
afdhun
area forecast discussion... Updated
national weather service huntsville al
1220 am cdt Mon mar 27 2017

Update
For 06z tafs.

Near term (tonight)
issued at 650 pm cdt Sun mar 26 2017
updated the gridded forecast to remove showers and thunderstorm
chance this evening. With satellite trends indicating a clear or
mostly clear sky, have also adjusted sky grids, with increasing
clouds and possible patchy fog development holding off until after
midnight.

Short term (Monday through Tuesday)
issued at 238 pm cdt Sun mar 26 2017
the shortwave trough moving across the ozarks will move across a
conditionally unstable airmass and provide the necessary wind
shear/lift to support severe weather over the ark/tx/ok regions
tonight into the early morning hours on Monday. The surface low will
move to the northeast just ahead of the trough. As this occurs the
warm conveyor belt will increase in strength across the northwest
gulf coast inland to the ms river valley. This along with cooling
lapse rates aloft will provide a conditionally unstable environment
(1000-2500 j/kg) across the ms and tn river valleys late Monday
morning into the afternoon/evening. Also noted in the profile is a
low-level capping inversion that slowly erodes during the afternoon.

Bulk shear values (deep layer) are around 35-45 kts during peak
daytime heating. The main limitation for the tn valley will be the
strength/extent of a lifting mechanism. The latest 12z GFS run shows
that there could be a weak shortwave trough/vorticity axis moving
across between 16z-23z which could provide forcing for convection.

Given the uncertainty with the spatial coverage am not confident if
this afternoon episode will materialize, and have structured the
pops/wx to reflect a lower pop in the afternoon. However, if any
storms develop, with the high amount of instability in the hail
growth zone, wind shear, and eroding cap aloft could see very large
hail and damaging winds with discrete cells that initiate in the
afternoon. Could even see supercells with this environment (curved
hodographs, low-level veering wind profile) with rotation especially
further west closer to the surface low. However, not confident enough
in the the threat continuing into the evening as the trailing cold
front moves east over N ms--contributing to additional discrete
cells developing. However, the diurnally driven sb instability
decreases which will keep rising parcels elevated in nature as steep
lapse rates in the hail growth zone remain.

The instability does decrease further east and anticipating that
storms will likely weaken as they progress east especially during the
evening hours. Then, the southerly flank of the cold front becomes
oriented from SW to ne--slowly moving east as the shortwave trough
moves east over the oh river valley, and the sfc low moves off to the
northeast along the front. As the front approaches within the
convectively overturned environment, could see some additional
showers late on Monday night/Tuesday morning before the front stalls
somewhere over N al. This front may provide additional storm
development on Tuesday afternoon (mainly over southern portion of
cwa). On temperatures, though this is a front, little in the way of
temperature change is anticipated with daytime highs in the mid 70s
expected on Tuesday as much of the 'cool' air stays to the northwest.

Then, with light winds and clearing clouds, could see additional fog
development on Tuesday night within the 'warm' sector over portions
of the cwa.

Long term (Tuesday night through Saturday)
issued at 238 pm cdt Sun mar 26 2017
an active pattern looks to continue into the long term with a deep
cut off low over the tx panhandle Wed afternoon. A warm front will
be stretched out east of that, most likely across central ms/al, to
our south. Guidance is in good agreement that this warm front will
push north Wed evening/thu morning with winds initially going
southerly but then shift back southeasterly briefly overnight as the
upper ridge shifts east. Even though the deep layer moisture isn't
quite there on Wednesday, the warm front will bring around 1500 j/kg
of CAPE with it so wouldn't be surprised to see a line of
thunderstorms moving south to north with it. The shear is basically
nonexistent so getting anything severe will be difficult. Wednesday
will be warm behind the front, even with a SE flow, with highs in
the upper 70s to near 80. We then start to get back into the
southerly flow by Thursday morning as the cold front and precip
approaches.

Gfs/ecmwf/cmc are in reasonably good agreement at least from a
synoptic stand point with the 12z GFS coming into better alignment
with the ECMWF (00z and 12z are similar) and a slightly further north
surface low placement. The timing of the line is still uncertain and
will play a role in how strong the storms end up being. Instability
will also be a major limiting factor with the best instability in ms
and to the south of us. All three models are showing the possibility
of a surface low forming along the gulf coast and cutting off our
moisture and instability. However, given the strong upper dynamics,
strong shear (40-60kt at 0-6 km and 20- 40kts at 0-1km,depending on
the mode) and decent mid level lapse rates, we may not need much more
instability to produce strong to severe storms. Think that the
greatest severe threat will be west and then south but there is still
a decent chance at a few severe storms with damaging winds being the
greatest threat at this time. Stay tuned! It will, however, be
pretty warm again on Thursday with highs in the upper 70s.

The cold front moves through by Friday night with winds shifting
around to the nw. Lingering showers with maybe a thunderstorm or two
will linger on Friday as moisture remains and weak waves rotate
around the base of the departing upper trough. Temps will start to
get cooler with highs around 70 degrees. So far it looks like Friday
night through Saturday night should be dry as one trough departs the
east coast and another starts to dig into the desert southwest. The
local area remains under a weak mid level ridge until it shifts
offshore Sunday with a southerly return flow building back in. The
next system may start to impact us on Sunday but have kept thunder
out at this time due to timing uncertainties. Temps will be warming
again with highs Sat and Sun in the lower 70s.

Aviation (for the 06z tafs through 06z Monday night)
issued at 1220 am cdt Sun mar 26 2017
vfr flight weather conditions will likely become MVFR sometime after
08z, but more likely near 13z as ceilings based ~025agl develop. The
ceilings will slowly lift and scatter out ~040agl by ~19z.

Thunderstorms will develop during the late afternoon hours in
northwest al, then progress eastward through the evening. Have
included vcts at both kmsl and khsv after 22-00z respectively. Hail
is quite possible with the stronger storms.

Hun watches/warnings/advisories
Al... None.

Tn... None.

Near term... 17
short term... Sl.77
long term... Ln
aviation... 17
for more information please visit our website
at weather.Gov/huntsville.



Weather Reporting Stations
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Muscle Shoals, North West Alabama Regional Airport, AL6 mi44 minSSW 610.00 miFair65°F59°F81%1014.6 hPa

Wind History from MSL (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrS7S5S5S5S7SW9S12SW10S8SW12SW8S10SW10S6SE5SE4SE5SE4SE5CalmCalmS4SW3SW6
1 day agoS8S15
G33
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W10S9S13S9S8S10S6SE13S15S9SE12SE6SE4SE3SE6SE5S5S6S7
2 days agoS10S10S11S14S15
G24
S12
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S10S11
G19
S12S10SW14
G17
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G21
S10SE8SE10SE10S7S6S6S7S11S11S11S12

Tide / Current Tables for
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Weather Map and Satellite Images
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Weather Map
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IR Satellite Image from GEOS
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GOES Local Image of Midwest    EDIT
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Wind Forecast for Huntsville, AL (6,6,7,8)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Northern Alabama
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Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.