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Raymarine Spx 5 Wheel Pilot Installation Instructions 87074 4




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SmartPilot X5
Wheel Installation
Setup reference 870744
Date July HSB RayTech Navigator Sail Pilot SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited
Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings 60STV AST Autoadapt AutoGST AutoSeastate AutoTrim Bidata G Series HDFI
LifeTag Marine Intelligence Maxi
view On Board Raychart Raynav Raypilot RayTalk Raystar ST40 ST60 Seaclutter Smart Route Tridata and Waypoint
Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited
All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners
Handbook contents copyright Raymarine Ltd
Safety notices v
EMC Conformance v
Limitations on pressure washing v
Product documents Warranty Product disposal Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive and system overviews 1
11 Installation overview 1
Planning 1
12 Safe and successful installation 1
Certified 1
Getting 1
13 System overviews 2
Marine electronics systems 2
Example SeaTalk system 3
14 Equipment tools 4
Parts supplied 4
Tools and equipment NOT 5
Cables 5
Optional equipment 5
15 Create a schematic diagram 5
Chapter 2Installing the system 7
21 Installation precautions 7
EMC installation guidelines 7
Remember 7
Suppression 8
Connections to other 8
Compass 8
22 General cabling guidelines 8
Power cable requirement 8
23 SPX5 Wheel system Course Computer 9
Mounting 9
Connection 24 Mounting the Wheel Drive Introduction Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes 12
Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the 14
Step 3 Attach the pedestal 15
Motor tube location 15
Pedestal bracket length and 16
Wheel Drive electrical 19
Wheel Drive cable routing 20
25 Connecting power drive cables to the Course Computer 21
Circuit breakerfuse 21
ii SmartPilot Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Cable 21
Connection 21
26 Fluxgate Compass 22
Compass mounting 22
Location 22
Mounting 23
Compass 23
27 Pilot Controller 24
Connecting to 24
SeaTalk power connections 24
28 Connect to ground 26
29 Optional connections 27
Rudder reference 27
SeaTalkng Connections 28
SeaTalkng 28
See 28
NMEA 0183 equipment 29
Data bridging 29
NMEA 0183 Connecting other equipment 29
210 Final checks 30
Secure all cables 30
211 Commission the system before use 30
Chapter setup 31
Requirement 31
31 Commissioning 31
Dockside checks 31
Switching on 31
Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 32
SeaTalk instruments SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter Other NMEA 0183 connections Checking autopilot
operating sense 32
Setting the vessel and drive 33
Set the vessel type Set the drive type Align the rudder 34
Set the rudder 34
Save the new settings 35
Seatrial 35
Important 35
Seatrial conditions 35
Compass calibration 35
Swinging the compass Aligning the compass heading AutoLearn 38
Commissioning complete 40
32 Manual setup 41
Checking SPX5 Wheel system operation 41
Response 41
Rudder 42
Counter rudder 43
Contents iii
AutoTrim 43
Chapter 4SPX5 Wheel system settings 45
41 Introduction 45
Calibration modes 45
Display calibration 45
User 45
Seatrial calibration 45
Dealer 45
Accessing the Calibration modes 46
Adjusting calibration 46
42 Display calibration 47
RUDD BAR 47
HDG screen 47
Data pages 47
Setting up data 48
43 User calibration 49
AutoTack 50
Gybe inhibit 50
Wind 50
Response 50
44 Dealer calibration 51
Seatrial calibration lock 52
Vessel type 52
Drive type 53
Align 53
Rudder limit 53
Rudder gain 53
Counter rudder 53
Rudder 54
AutoTrim 54
Response level 54
Turn rate 55
Off course angle 55
AutoTack 55
Gybe inhibit 56
Wind 56
PowerSteer 56
Cruise speed 56
Latitude 56
System reset 57
45 System defaults 57
iv SmartPilot Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Appendix 1NMEA 0183 sentences 59
NMEA0183 to Course Computer NMEA0183 from Course Computer Appendix 2SPX5 Wheel system 61
Course Computer Wheel Drive Pilot Controller ST6002 65
notices
WARNING Product installation operation
This equipment must be installed commissioned and operated
in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided
Failure to do so could result in personal injury damage to your
boat andor poor product WARNING Switch off power supply
Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
start installing this product
WARNING Navigational safety
Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
reliable many factors can affect its performance Therefore it
should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
replace commonsense and navigational judgement Always
maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
as they develop
EMC Conformance
All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
standards for use in the recreational marine environment Their design and
manufacture conforms to the appropriate Compatibility EMC
standards but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
on pressure washing
CAUTION Do not pressure wash Raymarine products
Raymarine products must NOT be subjected to water pressures in
excess ofCFR46 IPX6 standards for example as generated by
commercial high pressure washing equipment Products subjected
to water at these high pressures may experience water intrusion and
subsequent failure
Raymarine products are waterproofed to CFR46 IPX6 standards which means that
when installed and operated in accordance with the appropriate product
they can be used in most weather and sea conditions However any
exposure to highpressure water that exceeds the CFR46 IPX6 standards on or
around Raymarine products will invalidate the warranty for those products
vi SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup documents
This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X5 series
Documents can be downloaded from Title Part number
SmartPilot X5 Wheel Operating Guide 81302
SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation and Setup Guide 87074
ST6002 Controller installation sheet 87058
ST6002 SmartPilot Controller Wheel Quick Reference Guide 86130
Fluxgate compass installation sheet 87011
Warranty Booklet 80017
To the best of our knowledge the information in the product documents was correct
when they went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
inaccuracies or omissions in product documents
In addition our policy of continuous product improvement may change without notice Therefore Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
differences
between the product and the accompanying To register your new Raymarine product please take a few minutes to fill out the
warranty card It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
card to us to receive full warranty benefits You can also register online at
by following the Login or create an account disposal
Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive
The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
equipment is recycled
Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol illustrated above
must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill but in accordance with local
regulations for such products
Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products we support
its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
products
Please contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
for information on product disposal
Chapter 1 Installation and system overviews
This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network for an SPX 5 Wheel system
11 Installation overview
There are two stages to installing an SPX 5 Wheel system namely planning the
installation then installing and mounting the components
It is important to carry out the planning stage to ensure that all components used in
the system including cables and accessories are correctly specified and located
The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage
Planning
1 Understand your system
2 Check equipment supplied
3 Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment
4 Plan cabling and connections
5 Produce a schematic diagram
Installing
1 Mount SPX5 Course Computer
2 Install Wheel Drive unit
3 Install the autopilot controller
4 Install the compass
5 Connect power cables and system ground
6 Connect additional equipment cables to the Course Computer
7 Final fix secure all equipment in place secure all cables
12 Safe and successful installation
To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX5 Wheel system installation
must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
instructions in this guide
Certified installation
Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer A
certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits Contact your
Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document
packed with your product
Getting assistance
If you need further assistance with an installation contact your dealer or visit the
Raymarine web site SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
13 System overviews
The SPX5 Wheel system consists of a number of components connected together
using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus
SPX5 Wheel system key components
Course Computer Drive unit ST6002 Pilot Fluxgate
compass
D105011
Marine electronics systems
The autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system It may be
connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols
including
SeaTalk
SeaTalkng
NMEA 0183
Chapter 1 Installation and system overviews 3
Example SeaTalk system
SeaTalk allows connection of compatible instruments and equipment though a
dedicated data bus This allows information sharing around the ships electronics
system
ST6002 ST60 depth ST60 speed ST6002
instrument instrument SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk
SeaTalk SeaTalk
cable cable cable cable cable
Depth SeaTalk
transducer Speed 3way block
transducer
Course computer
12 V dc SeaTalk cable carries
12V power from Course computer
SeaTalk or NMEA Data to and from Course computer
D106281
4 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
14 Equipment tools
Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
your system
Parts supplied
Finger
Nut x2
Stud x2
Panel Seal
SmartPilot
ST6002
Course Controller
Computer Cable tie
Sun Cover
No 8 x 34 inch Connectors Cable clip SeaTalk Cable
Pan head screw x3 and screw
No 6 x 12 in
Power cable
45 m 15 ft
16 mm spoke 12 mm spoke
clamp insert x3 clamp insert x3
Wheel drive Pedestal Clamp screw
bracket Spoke clamp x3 M5 x 16 mm x6
6 mm drill bit
Compass
warning label 4 mm drill bit
Fluxgate compass Bracket screw 3 mm allen key
with 8 m 26 ft cable No 10 x 34 in x4 User documents
D106141
in 1 Installation and system overviews 5
Tools and equipment NOT supplied
You will need to supply the following equipment and tools
Tools
screwdriver
Pliers
Power drill cordless Bearing puller to remove steering wheel
Tape measure Hammer and center punch
Pencil masking tape
Spanner Wrench to fit wheel nut
Washingup liquid to lubricate the spokes
Hacksaw
Powerbattery Drill
4 mm 6 mm drill bits supplied
3 mm allen key Hex key supplied
Cables equipment
Power cable and Additional data cables eg for connection of GPS or Grounding braid
Optional equipment
Bulkhead fitting kit Raymarine part number E15017 if your wheel is bulkhead or
box pedestal mounted
Additional spoke clamp Raymarine part number A18089 Enables you to fit an
extra clamp to a 4spoke wheel for esthetic reasons
15 Create a schematic diagram
As part of the preparation for installing your SPX5 Wheel system we recommend
that you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install This
will help ensure that you install a safe optimum system and so is particularly
important if you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment
The schematic diagram should include
Location of all components See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
affect the location of specific components
Connectors cable types routes and lengths
When you have completed the schematic diagram you are ready to begin installing
the SPX5 Wheel system
6 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Chapter 2 Installing the system
Before proceeding with the installation you should have the following to hand
All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX5 Wheel system
The correct type and length of power cable
Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections
You should also check that existing marine electronics such as the GPS are installed
and working
21 Installation precautions
WARNING Install at dockside
For safety reasons your boat must be at dockside before
commencing CAUTION Switch off power supply
Switch off the power supply before you start installing this product
EMC installation guidelines
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Compatibility EMC regulations This minimizes interference
between equipment which could otherwise affect the performance of your system
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised
For optimum EMC performance we recommend that
Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are
i At least 3 ft 1 m from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio sig
nals eg VHF radios cables and antennas In the case of SSB radios the dis
tance should be increased to 7 ft 2 m
ii More than 7 ft 2 m from the path of a radar beam A radar beam can normally
be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element
The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start
This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
engine start does not have a separate battery
Raymarine specified cables are used
Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation
manual
Remember
Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of
electrical equipment This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance
for the SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites These are important for
correct EMC performance Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete
Use only ferrites of the correct type supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers
Connections to other equipment
If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
supplied by Raymarine a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
to the cable near the Raymarine unit
Compass
The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
interference including engines and VHF radio waves To ensure optimum operation it
is essential to locate the compass General cabling guidelines
Do not mix ac and dc cables
Adhere to EMC guidelines see page 7
Use Copex conduit where appropriate to protect cables
Label all cables for easy Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables
Power cable requirement
An overview of the power cables is given in the following Wheel Drive
unit
Distribution Course
panel Computer
Cable A
Cable B
2 Installing the system 9
CAUTION Power cable
Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX5 Wheel
system to malfunction Ensure the correct cable size is used If in
doubt use a heavier gauge cable
The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit In
the above illustration that is the total length of Cable A Cable B
The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
table
Total cable length A B Copper area AWG
Up to 25 m 8 ft 10 mm2 18
Up to 40 m 13 ft 15 mm2 16
Up to 60 m 22 ft 25 mm2 14
23 SPX5 Wheel system Course Computer
Mounting
The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface free from
vibration
10 10 C F
Max 55 130
Min10 14
D106291
10 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
VE OUN
RT T
170 mm 67 in
237 mm 933 in 56 mm
22 in
2 Installing the system 11
Connection overview
The Course Computer provides the following system SeaTalk fuse Power fuse
Note Spare fuses
2 A 15A are located in the
connector cover
2 15
A B
Fluxgate NMEA 0183 SeaTalkng Power RF ground
compass inputs inputouput inputs connection
12 V
Rudder position SeaTalk Drive motor
sensor inputs outputs
Mounting the Wheel Drive
Introduction
The Wheel Drive fits onto your boats steering wheel The Wheel Drive is compatible
with 3 4 5 6 7 or 8 spoke wheels and with steering systems having between 1 to 35
turns lock to lock
Clamp screw Wheel drive Predrilled spoke Bracket screw
M5 x 16 mm x6 front cover clamp holes x2 No 10 x 34 inch x4
Pedestal bracket
Bracket pin
Cable plug
Cable socket
Motor tube
D106301
Spoke clamp x3 Clamp insert x3 Clutch lever
12 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
To install the wheel drive you need to
1 Drill the spoke clamp holes in the front cover
2 Securing the wheel drive to the wheel
3 Attaching the pedestal bracket
Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes
1 Remove the wheel drive front cover
The front cover is held onto the wheel drive by three pushfit posts which sit in
three sockets on the drive ring
To remove the cover hold the motor in one hand and use your other hand to
pull the cover up and away from the drive unit as shown below
D106311
2 Identify the appropriate spoke clamp holes for your wheel With the arrow at the
top refer to the following diagrams
The holes are numbered inside the cover eg if you have a 5 spoke wheel
you need to drill the locations marked with 5
Mark the appropriate spoke clamp holes and check them by holding the cover
against your wheel
5 spokes Top 2 spoke clamp holes 7 spokes
are predrilled
2 Installing the system 13
3 or 6 spokes Top 2 spoke clamp holes 4 or 8 spokes
are D106331
Note The wheel drive is designed to work with 3 spoke clamps on 4 and 8 spoke wheels How
ever you may want to fit an extra spoke clamp to the fourth spoke to give a symmetrical look to
the installation Raymarine dealers can supply an extra spoke clamp part number A18089
3 Drill the appropriate spoke clamp holes using the larger of the supplied drill bits
60 mm or 14 in
drill from the inside placing a piece of scrap wood under the cover to produce
a clean exit hole
you will need to drill 4 new holes so the cover has 6 holes in total 2 for each
spoke clamp
Note The spoke clamps will cover these exit holes so they will not be visible when the wheel
drive is Piece of scrap wood
D106341
4 Align the cover with the wheel drive
The two predrilled holes marked with an arrow must line up with their
matching pair of threaded inserts on the drive ring also marked with an arrow
Make sure that the other spoke clamp holes align with their threaded inserts
14 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Note The cover will only fit back onto the wheel drive when the two parts are correctly aligned
Predrilled holes Pair of threaded inserts
marked with arrow marked with arrow
Drive ring
D106351
Front cover Drive unit
5 Fit the cover back onto the wheel drive by pressing the cover in the three places
shown on the diagram below to push each post back into its locating socket
Note This step is easier with the clutch engaged
D106361
Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the wheel
1 Remove the wheel from the pedestal and place it on top of the drive unit with the
front of the wheel and drive both facing up
2 Using the wheel drive template at the end of this book select the correct set of
spoke clamp inserts for your wheel
Measure the spoke diameter at a distance of about 135 mm 53 in from the
center of the wheel
Select the appropriate set of inserts the wheel drive is supplied with 2 sets of 3
inserts suitable for 12 mm 12 in and 16 mm 58 in diameter spokes each insert
is marked with its 2 Installing the system 15
3 Fit the first spoke clamp as follows
Lubricate the spoke with washingup liquid so you can slide the spoke clamp
along the spoke to adjust its position
Place the insert on the spoke about 135 mm 53 in from the wheel center
this distance is not critical as the wheel drive will selfcenter as you fit all 3
spoke clamps
Place the spoke clamp onto the insert making sure that you have correctly
located the clamp insert in the clamp
Locate 2 of the clamp screws M5 x 16 mm allenhead screws
Lightly tighten the screws using the 3 mm allen key Hex key in
D106371
4 Repeat step 3 to fit the other 2 spoke clamps As you fit each one adjust the
position of the wheel relative to the wheel drive so the holes in the clamp line up
with the holes in the cover As you do this the wheel drive will selfcenter on
the wheel
5 After fitting all 3 spoke clamps fully tighten the screws
Step 3 Attach the pedestal bracket
Note If your wheel is bulkhead or box pedestal mounted you will need to obtain a bulkhead fit
ting kit part number E15017 from your Raymarine dealer Fitting instructions are supplied with
the kit
Motor tube location
You can mount the wheel drive in either one of two ways to give the most effective
operation with your particular pedestal design and any adjacent Slot 1 installation the standard position uses slot 1 on the back of the wheel
drive the slot closest to the motor tube so the motor tube is at the bottom to the
right of the pedestal
Slot 2 installation the alternative installation uses slot 2 to position the motor
tube at the top to the left of the pedestal
Select the appropriate slot so the motor tube is clear of SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
CAUTION Pedestal mounted compass
If you use slot 2 and you have a compass the drive
motor may affect compass readings
Slot 1 installation Slot 2 motor tube at motor tube at
bottom right top left
Slot 1 Slot 2
D106381
Pedestal bracket length and position
Note If you are replacing an existing 4000 wheel drive you need to remove the old pedestal
bracket cut the new bracket pin to the correct length see steps 2 and 3 below then secure it in
the standard orientation using the existing pedestal holes
1 Fit the wheel onto the pedestal tighten the wheel nut to hold the wheel in place
and engage the wheel drives clutch Either
lock the wheel in position with the appropriate slot centered at the bottom of
the wheel
have an assistant hold the wheel in position so you can locate the bracket
correctly
2 Measure dimension A the distance between the front of the pedestal and the
rear edge of the drives front cover see diagram
Note You may find it easiest to hold the bracket below the wheel drive and mark dimension A
directly on the pin
Chapter 2 Installing the system 17
Cut here
A 10 mm
D106391
Note If the wheel is bent or not running true dimension A will change with the wheel position
Measure the smallest distance
3 Use a hacksaw to cut the pin 10 mm 04 in LONGER than dimension A
Remove any sharp edges at the cut end with sandpaper or a file
4 Place the pin end in slot 1 or 2 as required
To do this you may need to loosen the wheel nut so you can slide the wheel
forward slightly place the pin end in the slot then return the wheel to its normal
position and retighten the wheel nut
Note You can install the pedestal bracket either way up In the standard orientation the pin is at
the bottom below the mounting holes see diagram If obstructions on the pedestal prevent
you from using the standard orientation you can install the bracket so the pin is at the top above
the mounting holes
Standard Alternative
also for retrofit
D106401
5 Making sure the slot is central at the bottom of the drive unit 6 oclock position
and the pin is in the middle of the slot carefully draw around the bracket
18 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
D106411
6 Remove the wheel then hold the bracket on the pedestal in the location you have
marked
7 Check the position and alignment of the pedestal bracket
the bracket pin should be aligned so it is directly below the pedestal spindle
154 mm
61 in
D106421
8 When the pedestal bracket is correctly positioned and aligned mark around the
inside of the slots then remove the bracket
9 Use a centerpunch to mark the center of each slot then use the smaller supplied
drill bit to drill a 40 mm 532 in diameter hole
Note Drill at right angles to the pedestal 2 Installing the system 19
D106431
10 Hold the bracket in place then lightly tighten the four crosshead screws No 10 x
34 in As you do this make sure the bracket is correctly aligned
11 Replace the wheel making sure that you locate the pin in the correct slot slot 1 or
slot 2
12 Turn the wheel with the clutch off to check that the bracket is correctly positioned
and aligned
Note If the wheel is bent or the wheel drive is off center the pin will move up and down in the
back plate slot As long as the pin does not hit the top or bottom of the slot this pin movement will
not affect the drive units performance
13 When you have checked alignment fully tighten all four screws
Wheel Drive electrical connection
The drive unit is supplied with 45 m 15 ft of 2core cable with a waterproof socket at
one end Connect the waterproof cable to the Wheel Drive socket as follows
1 Ensuring correct alignment push the plug firmly into the socket
2 Turn the locking ring 90 clockwise
3 Pull the plug cover across the plug and socket to make the connection SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup
Guide
Socket
Contact
Locking ring Plug Plug cover Cable
pulled back
Motor tube Socket cover
D106171
To disconnect the Wheel Drive cable connector pull back the cover turn the locking
ring 90 and pullout the connector Place the attached cover on the
Wheel Drive connector to protect it
Wheel Drive cable routing
Route the free end of the Wheel Drive cable to the Course Computer securing the
cable as necessary at regular intervals along the route
If the wheel pedestal has a cable duct route the cable through this In any case
ensure that you route the cable so it cannot foul the steering mechanism
2 Installing the system 21
25 Connecting power drive cables to the Course
Computer
Power
The SPX5 Wheel system needs a 12 V dc supply
CAUTION Ensure correct supply voltage
Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer or damage to the
product could occur
Circuit breakerfuse
Protect the power supply for the SPX5 Wheel system with a 10 A fuse or circuit
breaker
Cable
Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 obtain the
required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boats distribution
panel to the Course Computer
Connection A B
Brown Blue
Red Black
Distribution Drive unit
panel
Fuse or
circuit
breaker
Power supply
D105051
22 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
At the Course Computer locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel
and Wheel Drive Ensuring all power is switched off refer to the illustration above and
connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows
1 Strip 810 mm 12 inch of insulation from the end of each wire
2 Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block
3 Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the screws
26 Fluxgate Compass
Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass
After fitting the Fluxgate Compass ensure you affix the compass safe area label
adjacent to the Fluxgate Compass
The compass contains a mechanism This enables the compass to
provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to 35
Note When shaken the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound This is entirely normal and
is not a cause for concern
Compass mounting
Location
To achieve the best performance mount your compass
With the Raymarine logo facing the bow
As close as possible to the boats pitch and roll center
At least 2ft 6 in 08 m away from your boats steering compass to avoid deviation
of both compasses
As far away as possible from large iron masses such as the engine or other
magnetic devices
D105381
Note To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence tape a hand
held compass to the chosen location then turn the boat through 360 The readings on the hand
held compass and your boats main steering compass if accurately aligned should not differ by
more than10 at any 2 Installing the system 23
Mounting procedure
1 Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead with the cable leaving at the
bottom of the unit
2 Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass where it is clearly visible
tical
D106181
Compass connection
Route the compass cable to the Course Computer securing it at regular intervals with
suitable cable clipsties
Connect to the Course Computer as in the following Screen Green
Red Yellow
Blue
Cable 8 metres 26 ft
Fluxgate compass
D103881
24 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
27 Pilot Controller
Fitting
The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 9 m cable for connection to the
SeaTalk bus Ensure that your mounting location is within 9 m of a suitable connection
point You may purchase a longer cable if required
Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet
Connecting to SeaTalk
The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer as shown in
following diagram
Red Yellow
Pilot Controller Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
is to be powered from Course
Computer See SeaTalk power
connections below for details
Screen
SeaTalk
D106191
Note You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru
ment
SeaTalk power connections
The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
to SeaTalk
If power is supplied by the Course Computer connect the red and yellow wires
and the screen to the Course Computer
If power is supplied from an external source connect only the yellow wire and the
screen to the Course Computer Do NOT connect the red 2 Installing the system
25
SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
Course Computer
SeaTalk
Pilot
Controller SeaTalk instruments
Yellow
Red Screen
SeaTalk
D106441
SeaTalk power supplied externally
Course Computer
Pilot
SeaTalk
Controller SeaTalk instruments
SeaTalk
SeaTalk
Yellow Screen
SeaTalk 12 V power supply
via Do not connect red wire
Cut back and insulate
D106451
26 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
28 Connect to ground
CAUTION Grounding
The SPX5 Wheel system ground MUST be connected to ships
ground Failure to connect to ships ground may cause it or other on
board electronics to malfunction
To ground your SPX5 Wheel system
Use a dedicated earthing plate eg dynaplate in contact with the water
Use flat tinned copper braid 30 A rating 14 inch or greater Equivalent stranded
wire diameter 4mm or greater
Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible
Note If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega
tive terminal of the battery ideally at the battery itself
Course computer
A B
Boats ground
connection Preferred grounding
method
Alternative grounding
method
D106081
Boats 2 Installing the system 27
29 Optional connections
Rudder reference
An optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide an accurate display of
the rudder angle If you have the optional rudder reference transducer connect it to
the course computer as shown
Red Screen
Blue Green
Rudder transducer
D103931
Note A rudder reference transducer should always be used in hydraulic drive SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation
Setup Guide
SeaTalkng Connections
To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone use a dedicated spur cable Spur
cables are available from your Raymarine dealer as follows
SeaTalkng spur cable length Part number
3 ft 3 in 1 m A06043
9 ft 10 in 3 m A06044
A B
Red Black
White
Screen Blue
Cut back SeaTalkng spur cable
insulate
Yellow if present
D103942
SeaTalkng power
The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng A SeaTalkng system
must be powered from its own separate power supply
See also
For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the SeaTalkng Reference Manual
available at the Raymarine website 2 Installing the system 29
NMEA 0183 equipment
The SPX5 Wheel system can connect to NMEA devices such as a GPS or
ve ve ve ve Screen not connected
IN IN OUT OUT
ve ve ve ve
OUT OUT IN IN
NMEA DEVICE
D105391
Data bridging
The SPX5 Wheel system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA allowing
NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information
For example the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display
NMEA 0183 Connecting other equipment
When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a non
Raymarine cable you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
cable near to the Raymarine unit
When connecting third party equipment refer to the instructions
for cable details
You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
Computer NMEA input
30 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup checks
When you have completed all necessary installation procedures but before you
apply power to the system ensure all equipment and connections are properly
secured
Secure all cables
To prevent strain on the connector blocks secure the cables to the Course Computer
with cable ties as shown below
the system before use
The SPX5 Wheel system must be commissioned prior to use in accordance with the
instructions in Chapter setup For new systems this involves
calibrating the system which is a action
Chapter 3 Commissioning setup
This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
SPX5 Wheel system
Requirement
The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
installation before the SPX5 Wheel system is used to steer the boat
Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX5 Wheel
system for optimum performance with your boat They are not mandatory and you
may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX5 Wheel system operates to your
satisfaction after When commissioning and setting up the SPX5 Wheel system use the supplied
ST6002 controller Pilot Controller
standby auto select the required operating mode
1 1 10 10 initiate course changes
disp track provide access to extended functions
Note The system is also compatible with ST7002 ST8002 and ST70 Pilot The commissioning process comprises
Dockside checks setup
Seatrial Dockside checks setup
The dockside checks comprise
1 Switching on
2 Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections
3 Checking autopilot steering sense
4 Setting vessel type and drive type
5 Setting rudder limits if rudder reference option fitted
With the boat safely tied up carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
before any trials at sea or other setup procedures
Switching on
1 Observing the Wheel drive unit switch on the main power breaker If the Wheel
drive moves switch off the power immediately then ensure the system wiring is
correct
2 When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up the controller
will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds before showing the
STANDBY screen
A CALIBRATE REQUIRED message may be displayed This indicates that the
autopilot commissioning is not yet complete
3 Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading
32 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Note The autopilots builtin gyro requires a few minutes to stabilize after power on During this
time the heading may appear to drift until the gyro has TRUE
D105241
Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections
SeaTalk instruments
If you have connected the Pilot Controller to other SeaTalk instruments or controllers
1 Select display lighting level 3 LAMP 3 on one of the other SeaTalk instruments or
controllers
2 Check that the Pilot Controller display lights are on If the lights are not on check
the SeaTalk cabling between the Pilot Controller and the other units
SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
If you have connected the SPX5 Wheel system to a chartplotter or GPS eg via
NMEA0183 or SeaTalk check the links by displaying the default navigation data
pages on the Pilot Controller To do this
1 Press disp to display the first data page XTE and check that this page shows the
expected data
2 Press disp again to check each successive data page BTW DTW etc
If the display shows dashes in place of expected data values ensure
The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting an active waypoint
The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format
There is not a cabling error Check for open circuit short circuit or reversed
connections
Other NMEA 0183 connections
To check other NMEA connections you will need to set up the appropriate page of
data using Display calibration mode See page 47
For details of supported NMEA sentences see Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences
Checking autopilot operating sense
WARNING Operate the wheel drive clutch safely
Do NOT reach through the wheel Reach AROUND the wheel to
operate the wheel drive clutch 3 Commissioning setup 33
1 Engage the wheel drive clutch by reaching around the wheel and rotating the
clutch lever clockwise so the lever engages fully onto the locating pip
2 Manually center the wheel then press auto so the SPX5 Wheel system is in
Auto mode then check that the display shows AUTO
Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hard over
3 Press 10 once
D106461
4 Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops
If the rudder drives hard over immediately press standby to prevent further rud
der movement
5 If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over
i Press standby
ii Turn off the power
iii Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX5 Wheel system computer
iv Switch on the power and recheck
Note If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth increase
the rudder damping level manually See page 54
Setting the vessel and drive type
To set up the vessel type and drive type you need to enter the Dealer calibration
mode
WARNING Use Dealer calibration correctly
Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the
SPX5 Wheel system performance and therefore adversely
affect the steering capability Do not change Dealer calibration
settings other than as described in the product To enter the Dealer calibration mode
1 Ensure the autopilot is in Standby mode
2 Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode
3 When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
is displayed
4 Press auto The display will change to CAL
5 Press 1 and 1 together to enter Dealer SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
2 sec x3
At the CAL screen press 1 1 together to enter DEALER CAL
D105401
Set the vessel type
When you select a vessel type the SPX5 Wheel system automatically selects
appropriate default values for various other calibration settings These default values
are listed on page 57
To setup the vessel type enter Dealer calibration then
1 Use disp to scroll through the Dealer calibration pages until the display shows
either VESSEL or one of the vessel types
2 Use 1 or 1 to select SAIL BOAT
3 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option
Set the drive type
1 With the SPX5 Wheel system still in Dealer calibration use disp to scroll through
the calibration pages until you reach the DRIVE TYP page
2 Use 1 or 1 to select drive type 3
3 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option
Align the rudder indicator
Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder
reference option is not fitted ignore this procedure
If the rudder reference option is fitted
1 With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the
calibration pages until you reach the ALIGN RUD page
2 Use the wheel to center the rudder
3 Use 1 and 1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center
The maximum adjustment available is 9 If the offset is beyond these limits you
will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor
4 Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
option
Note you can zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during the initial seatri
al by manually steering a straight course then accessing the ALIGN RUD screen in Seatrial
Calibration to adjust the offset
Set the rudder limits
Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder
reference option is not fitted ignore this 3 Commissioning setup 35
If the rudder reference option is fitted
1 With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the
calibration pages until you reach the RUD LIMIT page
2 Turn the wheel to move the rudder
To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you
have noted
4 Press disp to select the new value and move to the next calibration option
Save the new settings
When you have adjusted the above settings hold down standby for two seconds to
save your changes leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode
Seatrial calibration
When you have completed the dockside checks carry out a Seatrial calibration to
calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering Before commencing the seatrial
The dockside calibration must have been successfully completed
There must be no EMC problems see page 7
Important
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety
Seatrial conditions
The seatrial must be carried out only
In conditions of light wind and calm water
In waters that are clear of any obstructions so the boat has plenty of clear space
to maneuver
In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance course over ground COG
speed over ground SOG and latitude LAT data must be available to the SPX5
Wheel system eg on SeaTalk Ensure that the equipment providing this information
eg GPS is switched on and fully operational before starting a Seatrial
The Seatrial procedures are
Compass calibration
Using AutoLearn to set the SPX5 Wheel system steering Compass calibration
The compass calibration procedures are
Swinging the compass
Aligning the compass
Swinging the compass
The magnetic deviation correction procedure commonly called swinging the
compass involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation
Setup Guide
determine the deviation and apply any correction required The correction procedure
reduces deviation errors to a few degrees
As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat you MUST
complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure
To swing the compass
1 With the pilot in Standby mode enter Seatrial calibration as follows
i Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode
ii When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen press disp until you see the
SEATRIAL CAL screen
iii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration
2 Use disp to move through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
SWING COMPASS
2 sec x2
D105411
Note If you cannot access Seatrial calibration you need to disable the calibration lock This can
be found in Dealer calibration see page 52
3 When you are ready to start press 1 to select SWING COMPASS ON
4 Press auto to start the compass swing
The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT
5 Start slowly turning the boat in circles keeping the boats speed below 2 knots
You will need to complete at least two circles taking at least 2 minutes to complete
each 360
If you turn the boat too quickly the display will show a TOO FAST message If this
occurs apply less helm to turn in a larger circle
Note If necessary you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp If you then
want to repeat the deviation correction return to the SWING COMPASS screen
6 Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
DEVIATION screen This indicates that the SPX5 Wheel system has completed
the deviation correction
Note This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 not as an eastwest
3 Commissioning setup 37
Start
turning boat
Turn boat in slow circles so
boats speed stays below 2 knots
each circle takes at least 2 minutes Autopilot heading
Minimum of
2 circles
Keep turning the boat until
you see the DEVIATION screen
D105421
If the deviation figure exceeds 15 or the display shows no deviation value the
compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat You should move the
compass to a better location Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats
Aligning the compass heading
Once the deviation is displayed press disp to move to the Heading Alignment
ALIGN HDG page then
1 Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold the
course
2 If you have a GPS connected to your SPX5 Wheel system
i Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots
ii Press auto The SPX5 Wheel system will then set the heading to agree with
the COG course over ground heading received from the GPS
As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must fine
tune the heading alignment so it matches the boats steering compass or a known
transit bearing To do this
1 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boats
steering compass or a known transit bearing
2 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
compass settings
38 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Align the autopilot heading
a Coarse adjustment If COG is available from GPS press to set autopilot heading to
COG value then fine tune manually see below
b Fine adjustment If COG is not available or after setting heading to COG
align autopilot heading manually
Autopilot heading Steering compass
Known
heading
Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
same value as the boats steering compass
Save changes To
save deviation correction
save heading alignment
return to STANDBY mode
2 sec
D105431
Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error small errors
a few degrees may remain Once you have completed the initial compass
calibration you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
swing the compass again
Check the heading reading against a number of known headings plot a deviation
curve and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
alignment error You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen as
described above
If the average heading error is more than 5 you should perform the compass
deviation correction procedure again circling more slowly and in more favorable
conditions
AutoLearn
WARNING Ensure there is enough clear sea space
The AutoLearn process takes the boat through a number of
maneuvers which can result in sudden sharp turns especially
when the AutoLearn function is run on more maneuverable
boats Therefore ensure there is a significant amount of CLEAR
SEA SPACE in front of the boat before starting an AutoLearn
process
The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine AutoLearn is a self
learning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain counter rudder and
AutoTrim for optimum performance for your boat
If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel 3 Commissioning setup
39
ac 0 m
sp 10
r s nm
ea 4
cl 00
of st
1 minute
D105441
Carry out an AutoLearn as follows
1 Ensure you have sufficient sea room to complete the AutoLearn
2 Access the AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial calibration as follows
i From Standby mode hold down standby for 2 seconds then press disp twice
to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen
ii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration then press disp four times to see the
AUTOLEARN screen
3 Prepare to start the AutoLearn as follows
Steer straight ahead rudder centered and motor the boat at typical cruising
speed
If conditions are not calm head into the wind and waves
4 When you are ready to start the AutoLearn press 1 then auto
Enter Seatrial 2 sec x2
Prepare for AutoLearn
steer straight ahead at cruising speed
planing boats just on the plane
head into wind and waves
AutoLearn in progress
CHECK Start
Before proceeding ensure AutoLearn
you have sufficient clear
sea space
D105451
40 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
5 The screen will show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER message Ensure it is safe to
continue then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers
The boat will start a series of zigzag turns and the display will show LEARNING
with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage This number increases
as AutoLearn progresses
A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps depending on boat
and sea conditions
Note To cancel an AutoLearn press standby or disp
6 When the SPX5 Wheel system has finished learning the controller will beep and
display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL
LRN PASS AutoLearn completed successfully
LRN FAIL AutoLearn was not successful so should be repeated One of the
following failure codes will also be displayed
1 AutoLearn has not been carried out
2 AutoLearn failed due to manual 4 AutoLearn failed probably due to drive or compass failure
5 AutoLearn failed probably due to motor current limiting
6 AutoLearn failed probably due to boat spinning
7 If the AutoLearn was successful hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
new settings
Boat completes AutoLearn
AutoLearn successful
Note If you see a
After LRN FAIL message
7 to 27 press disp to return to
steps the AUTOLEARN screen
then repeat from Step 2
If you need to cancel the AutoLearn press or
Save new settings
save AutoLearn calibration settings
return to STANDBY mode
2 sec
D105461
Commissioning complete
Your SPX5 Wheel system is now commissioned and ready for use
After having used your SPX5 Wheel system you may decide to change the value of
some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat If you feel this is
necessary use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup 3 Commissioning setup
32 Manual setup
Checking SPX5 Wheel system operation
Before manually adjusting any settings familiarize yourself with basic SPX5 Wheel
system operation as follows
1 Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
speed If necessary steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
steers
2 Press auto to lock onto the current heading The SPX5 Wheel system should
hold the locked heading in calm sea conditions
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 and observe how the SPX5 Wheel system alters the
course to port and starboard
4 Press standby to return to manual steering
If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX5 Wheel system performance you can do so
by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust
Response level
Rudder gain
Counter rudder
AutoTrim
Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
and headings to achieve optimum allround performance for your particular vessel
and preferences
Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed
Response level
The principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX5 Wheel system is by
changing the response level This controls the relationship between the SPX5 Wheel
systems course keeping accuracy and the amount of helmdrive activity
Screen Text Effect on operation
RESPONSE 13 This setting minimizes the amount of rudder activity but may compro
mise shortterm course keeping accuracy
RESPONSE 46 This setting gives good course keeping with crisp well controlled turns
under normal operating conditions
RESPONSE 79 This setting provides the tightest possible course keeping and greatest
rudder activity This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the
SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea
To temporarily change the response level
1 Press 1 and 1 or resp to access the RESPONSE screen
2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the setting
3 Press disp to confirm the change
42 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Rudder gain
Boats can vary widely in their response to helm and by adjusting the rudder gain you
can change the SPX5 Wheel systems steering Rudder gain is a
measure of how much helm the SPX5 Wheel system applies to correct course errors
higher settings mean more rudder is applied
Checking
Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly
1 Set RESPONSE to level 5 see above
2 Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water It is easier to recognize
the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave action does not mask
steering 3 Press auto to enter Auto mode then alter course by 40
If the rudder gain is adjusted correctly the 40 course change should result in
a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5
If the rudder gain setting is too high the 40 course change will result in a
distinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct S in the course
as at A below
Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting
If the rudder gain is too low the boats performance will be sluggish it will take
a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot B below
Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting
heading
heading
Rudder gain A
too low
Rudder gain heading
too high
Correct
rudder gain
D32623
Adjusting
To adjust the rudder gain
1 Access the RUDD GAIN screen in Dealer calibration see page 53
2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the rudder gain
3 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes
4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto 3 Commissioning setup 43
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Wheel system applies to try to
prevent the boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied
Checking
To check the counter rudder setting
1 Set RESPONSE to level 5 see page 41
2 Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water
3 Press auto to switch the SPX5 Wheel system to Auto mode then make a 90
course change
When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly the boat performs a
smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot
If the counter rudder is too low the boat will still overshoot
If counter rudder is too high the boat will fight the turn and make a series of
short sharp turns this results in a very mechanical feel as the boat changes
course
Adjusting
To adjust the counter rudder
1 Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration see page 53
2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the counter rudder
3 Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes
4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode
AutoTrim
You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting AutoTrim determines how quickly
the SPX5 Wheel system applies standing helm to correct for trim changes caused
for example by changes in the wind load on the or an imbalance of
engines
Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX5 Wheel system takes to get
back onto the correct course but makes the boat less stable If the SPX5 Wheel
system
Gives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes around the desired course
decrease the AutoTrim level
Hangs off course for excessive periods of time increase the AutoTrim level
Adjusting
Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting ensure you have sufficient
experience using your SPX5 Wheel system
If you need to adjust AutoTrim go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
value The range of settings is from OFF no trim correction to 4 fastest trim
SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
To adjust the AutoTrim
1 Access the AUTOTRIM screen in Dealer then
2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the AutoTrim level
3 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes
4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode
Chapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings
41 Introduction
This chapter describes the SPX5 Wheel system calibration settings and the factory
default settings The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
requirements but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
commissioning the system they should not require further change
If you change the calibration settings after the SPX5 Wheel system has been
commissioned you do not need to repeat the commissioning process However DO
NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
Chapter 3 have been completed
Calibration modes
There are four calibration modes namely Display calibration User calibration
Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration
Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values
Display calibration
The items in Display calibration affect the SPX5 Wheel system Pilot Controller They
are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through
SeaTalk
You can adjust the Display calibration settings as often as necessary for example to
add or change information displayed on data pages
User calibration
The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis to respond to changing conditions
Seatrial calibration
The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX5 Wheel
system as described in Chapter 3 so is not described again here Do not access
Seatrial calibration during normal operation
Dealer calibration
The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
operation and can affect your boats safety
After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial you should not normally
need to alter the Dealer calibration values
46 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Accessing the Calibration modes
Accessing
Calibration Modes
2 seconds 2 seconds
saves changes
Calibration
Modes
to enter display
calibration mode
to enter user
calibration mode
to enter seatrial
calibration mode
CAL
to enter dealer
calibration mode
D106471
Adjusting calibration values
To adjust calibration values
1 Access the required calibration mode refer to the diagram above
2 Press disp to scroll through the available options To view the previous option
press and hold disp for 1 second
3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to change the values
When you have made all required changes press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
save changes and 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 47
42 Display calibration
Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
Controller
Accessing Display
2 seconds
save changes
Display To adjust values
The RUDD BAR parameters are or
adjustable only if the rudder
reference transducer option is fitted
Data pages
Press disp
for next page
D106021
RUDD BAR screen
This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens
HDG screen
You can choose whether to use magnetic or true heading data values The options
HDG MAG Magnetic heading If you select this the screen will indicate MAG for
heading values during normal operation
HDG TRUE True heading If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
heading values during normal operation
Data pages
The Pilot Controller has fifteen data pages Each data page can be
configured to display SeaTalkNMEA data which can be viewed during normal
operation see SmartPilotX5 Wheel system Operating Guide
48 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
The default data page settings are
Data Page Default Setting
1 XTE Cross Track Error
2 BTW Bearing to Waypoint see Note below
3 DTW Distance to Waypoint see Note below
4 RESPONSE
Remaining pages NOT USED see Setting up data pages below
Setting up data pages
When setting up your data pages we recommend
You set data pages you do not need to NOT USED as these will then not be
displayed during normal operation leaving just the data pages that you do want
for you to scroll to
You retain the BTW and DTW data pages If your SPX5 Wheel system receives a
man overboard MOB message these data pages will show the bearing and
distance to the MOB location
Available Data Pages Displayed as
Speed Knots SPEED KTS
Log LOG XXXXX
Trip TRIP XXXX
Average Speed AV SPD
Wind Direction eg WIND PORT
Wind Speed WIND KTS
Depth Metres DEPTH M see Note below
Depth Feet DEPTH FT see Note below
Depth Fathoms DEPTH FA see Note below
Heading HEADING
Water Temperature Degrees C WATER C see Note below
Water Temperature Degrees F WATER F see Note below
Course Over Ground COG
Speed Over Ground Knots SOG KTS
Cross Track Error XTE
Distance to Waypoint DTW
Chapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 49
Available Data Pages Displayed as
Bearing to Waypoint BTW
Rudder Gain RUDD GAIN
Response RESPONSE
Watch WATCH used to control the Watch timer
Universal Time Coordinated UTC
Note There are 3 depth data pages meters feet and fathoms and 2 water temperature data
pages C and F The SPX5 Wheel system will display the depth data or water temperature in
the units defined by the data page you select
43 User calibration
Accessing User 2 seconds
save changes
User To adjust values
D105061
For information on how to access User calibration see Accessing the Calibration
modes page 46
The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
basis to respond to changing SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
AutoTack
The AutoTack angle is not adjustable The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is
initiated is mirrored the other side of the wind on the opposite tack
Gybe inhibit
With gybe inhibit on
You will be able to perform an AutoTack into the wind
The SPX5 Wheel system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack
away from the wind to prevent accidental gybes
With gybe inhibit off you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind
Screen Text Options
GYBE STOP ON Default Gybe inhibit on gybes prevented
OFF Gybe inhibit off gybes permitted
Wind selection
This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
mode
Options
WIND APP Default SPX5 Wheel system steers to apparent wind angle
WIND TRUE SPX5 Wheel system steers to true wind angle
WindTrim
WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX5 Wheel system responds to changes in the
wind direction Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
to wind changes
Screen Text Options
WIND TRIM Range 1 to 9
1 to 3 Least responsive to wind changes less system activity
4 to 6 Moderate response to wind changes
7 to 9 Most responsive to wind changes more system activity
Response level
This sets the default SPX5 Wheel system response level The response level
controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm
drive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
as described in Smart Pilot X5 Wheel System Operating 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 51
Screen Text Options
RESPONSE Range 1 to 9
Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves
power but may compromise shortterm accuracy
Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con
trolled turns under normal operating conditions
Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea
44 Dealer calibration
For information on how to access Dealer calibration see Accessing the Calibration
modes page 46
WARNING Dealer calibration
Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
affect on the SPX5 Wheel system steering and
therefore on the safety of your boat
Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process see
Chapter 2 Commissioning setup and once the SPX5 Wheel system has been
commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration values
However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration be aware that
the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX5
Wheel system operation and can affect your boats safety
52 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Accessing
Dealer
2 seconds
saves changes
Dealer To adjust values
To exit save changes
2 seconds
D106031
Seatrial calibration lock
This screen controls the access to Seatrial Screen text Options
CAL LOCK OFF Calibration lock off Seatrial calibration can be accessed default
CAL LOCK ON Calibration lock on Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed
Vessel type
Selecting the correct vessel type enables the SPX5 Wheel system to set appropriate
values for other calibration settings to give optimum performance Refer to the table
on page 57 for default values
The correct setting for the SPX5 Wheel system is SAIL BOAT This should be set
when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 53
Drive type
The drive type setting controls how the SPX5 Wheel system drives the steering
system
The correct setting for the SPX5 Wheel system is 3 This should be set when
commissioning the SPX5 Wheel system
Align rudder
The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted
If the rudder reference option is fitted use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
bar display This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel system see
page 31
Screen Text Range
ALIGN RUD 9 to 9 in 1 steps
Rudder limit
The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted
If the rudder reference option is fitted this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder
control just inside the mechanical end stops and thus avoid putting the steering
system under unnecessary load This should be set when commissioning the SPX5
Wheel system see page 31
Screen Text Range
RUD LIMIT 10 to 40 in 1 steps
Rudder gain
Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX5 Wheel system applies to
correct course errors The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied
The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
see page 42
Screen Text Range
RUDD GAIN 1 to 9
Counter rudder
Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Wheel system applies to try to
prevent the boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more
rudder being applied
54 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
The default counter rudder gain is set as part of the initial seatrial AutoLearn process
see page 43
Screen Text Range
COUNT RUD 1 to 9 Do NOT set to 0
Rudder damping
If the SPX5 Wheel system hunts when trying to position the rudder adjust the
rudder damping value to minimize this Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
hunting Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting and
always use the lowest acceptable value
Screen Text Range
RUDD DAMP 1 to 9
AutoTrim
The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX5 Wheel system applies
standing helm to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on the sails
or The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process see page 43
If you need to change the setting increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
the lowest acceptable value
If the SPX5 Wheel system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
activity with a change in the heel angle decrease the AutoTrim level
If the SPX5 Wheel system reacts slowly to a heading change due to a change in
the heel angle increase the AutoTrim level
If the AutoTrim level is too high the boat will be less stable and snake around the
desired course
Setting Effect
AUTO TRIM OFF No trim correction
AUTO TRIM 1 to 4 Auto trim applied
1 Slowest 4 Fastest
Response level
This sets the default SPX5 Wheel system response level setting The response level
controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm
drive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
see your Operating Guide for 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 55
Screen Text Options
RESPONSE Range 1 to 9
Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves
power but may compromise shortterm accuracy
Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con
trolled turns under normal operating conditions
Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage
in open waters as the SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea
Turn rate limit
This limits your boats rate of turn under SPX5 Wheel system control
Screen Text Range
TURN RATE 1 to 30 per second in 1 steps
Off course angle
This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm see your
Operating Guide The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds
Screen Text Range
OFF COURSE 15 to 40 in 1 steps
Locked heading
Boat heading
15 minimum
D106481
AutoTack
The AutoTack angle is not adjustable The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is
initiated is mirrored the other side of the wind on the opposite tack
See User calibration page 50
56 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Gybe inhibit
See User calibration page 50
Wind selection
Note Only available if appropriate wind data is available
This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
mode See User calibration page 50
WindTrim
WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX5 Wheel system responds to changes in the
wind direction Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
to wind changes See User calibration page 50
PowerSteer
If you have a joystick connected to your SPX5 Wheel system use this screen to
select the required joystick mode of operation For detailed operating information
refer to the guide supplied with the joystick
Options
OFF Joystick off
1 1 Proportional power steer
Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement the
further the joystick is held over the greater the applied rudder
2 2 Bangbang power steer
Bangbang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
movement to improve control the speed of rudder movement changes with the
angle of the lever For maximum speed push the lever hardover If you return the
lever to the center position the rudder will remain in its current position
Cruise speed
Set the cruise speed to the boats typical cruising speed If neither the speed through
the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA the SPX5
Wheel system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
calculating course changes
Screen Text Range
CRUISE SP 4 to 60 knots
Latitude
If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA the SPX5 Wheel system will
use this data instead of the calibration value
Screen Text Range
LATITUDE 0 to 80 in 1 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 57
System reset
CAUTION Losing settings at system reset
Do NOT carry out a System RESET unless advised to do so by a
Raymarine dealer If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX5
Wheel system calibration settings You will then need to repeat the
SPX5 Wheel system commissioning process
Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration Seatrial calibration and Dealer
calibration settings to their default values
Note the Display calibration settings will not change as these are stored in each individual con
troller
To carry out a system reset
1 Select the System reset RESET screen in Dealer calibration
2 Press 1 then press auto
3 The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message Either
Press auto to cancel the reset
Press 1 again to select YES and reset the SPX5 Wheel system
4 You will then see the CAL LOCK screen
Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new settings then turn the
SPX5 Wheel system computer power off and back on
If you reset the system parameters you must carry out the SPX5 Wheel
system commissioning process before using the SPX5 Wheel system again
45 System defaults
Parameter Defaults Parameter Defaults
Calibration Lock OFF Turn Rate Limit 7
Vessel Type SAIL BOAT Off Course Angle 20
Drive Type 3 AutoTack Angle Relative
Rudder Alignment 0 Gybe Inhibit ON
Rudder Limit 30 Wind Type APP
Rudder Gain 2 Wind Trim 5
Counter Rudder 2 Power Steer Joystick OFF
Rudder Damping 2 Cruise Speed 8
AutoTrim 1 Latitude 0
Response 5 Autopilot Reset OFF
58 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences
The SPX5 Wheel Course Computer supports the following NMEA0183 to Course Computer
Header Data in
APB Cross track error bearing to waypoint waypoint number
BWC Bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint number time
GGA time
HDG Heading
MWV Apparent wind angle apparent wind speed
RMA Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG tude variation
RMB Cross track error bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint
number
RMC Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG tude time variation
VHW Speed through water heading
VTG Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG
VWR Apparent wind angle AWA and apparent wind speed AWS
XTE Cross track error
ZDA Time from Course Computer
Header Data out
HDG Heading
HDT True heading requires true heading data to be available
RSA Rudder angle Available only if Rudder Reference option is fitted
The computer will only transmit these items if it has received the appropriate data
60 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Appendix 2 SPX5 Wheel system supply voltage 12 V dc
10 A fuse protection at distribution panel
10 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution voltage range 10 V to 16 V dc
Current consumption standby 200 mA
Gyro Built conditions
operating temperature 10C to 55C 14F to 131F
nonoperating temperature 20C to 70C 4F to 158F
relative humidity limit 80
water protection Drip resistant when mounted conditions temperature range 5C to 50C 23F to 122F
relative humidity limit Width 240 mm 9 716 Height 170 mm 6 1116 Depth 55 mm 2 600 g 1 lb
Fluxgate Compass NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 SeaTalkng and
NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 drive motor and drive ST4000 Wheel Drive as supplied with product
ST4000 Tiller Drive standard and GP
Drive motor output Continuous 5 A at nominal 12 V
SeaTalk output 2A at 12 V fuse protected at 2A
NMEA 0183 v301 inputsout See Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 heading output NMEA 0183 5 Hz
SeaTalkng 10 Hz
NMEA 2000 10 Hz
Fuses Standard automotive blade fuses to protect
Power Terminals 15 A
SeaTalk Terminals 2 A
EMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2
62 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
Wheel Drive
Wheel Drive unit technical supply voltage 12 V dc
Operating voltage range 10 V to 16 V dc
Motor Speed No Load 65 11 RPM
Hard over speed
25 turns 1575 Seconds Max
4 turns 2525 seconds Manual override torque Max 4Nm
Continuous torque at helm Max 6 Nm 14 V supply 875 RPM
Peak torque at helm 18 Nm
Power off torque Min 20Nm at clutch to withstand conditions
operating temperature 10C to 55C 14F to 131F
nonoperating temperature 20C to 70C 4F to 158F
water protection To IPX6 conditions when 20C to 50C 4F to humidity limit
Inputs Drive power from compatible Course Raymarine approved service at 1000 hrs compliance
Europe 2004108EC EMC
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2
Helm tested to EN29775 Section 722 Helm assembly tests
BSEN28848 Helm impact test
SPX5 Wheel system 63
Pilot Controller supply voltage 12 V DC via voltage range 10 V to 15 V DC
Current consumption in Standby 60 mA less than 200 mA with full temperature 0 C to 70 C 32 F to 158 F
Water protection waterproof to 110 mm 433 in
height 115 mm 453 in
depth 41 mm 162 in
Keypad 8 button illuminated Crystal Display LCD shows heading locked course and navigational data
and up to 15 data pages
LCD illumination 3 brightness levels off
Input connections SeaTalk x2 and NMEA 0183
Output connections SeaTalk x2
EMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC
Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2
64 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
calibration modes 46 response level 54
rudder damping 54
AutoLearn 38
rudder gain 53
AutoTack 55
rudder limit 53
AutoTrim 43 54 seatrial calibration lock 52
C system reset modes 45 turn rate limit 55
vessel type 52
Certified installation 1
wind type 56
Checking system operation 41
WindTrim Default settings 57
Dockside 31 Display calibration 47
align rudder indicator 34
data page setup 47
checking connections 32 heading selection 47
checking pilot operating sense 32 Drive type 53
set drive type 34 setup 34
set rudder limits 34
set vessel type 34
EMC information v 7
switching on 31
requirement 30 31 F
Seatrial 35 Fluxgate Compass
AutoLearn 38 connecting 23
conditions 35 locating 22
heading alignment 37 mounting 23
swinging the compass 35 Fuse 21
Connecting Wheel Drive 19 G
Counter rudder 43 53 Grounding 26
Course Computer Gybe inhibit 50
connections 11
Fluxgate Compass 23 H
NMEA0183 29 Heading alignment 37
Pilot Controller 24 Heading selection 47
power 21 J
rudder reference 27 Joystick setup 56
SeaTalkng 28
Wheel Drive 21
Latitude 56
mounting 9
D M
Data pages Magnetictrue heading selection 47
Manual setup
available functions 48
setup 47 AutoTrim 43
Dealer calibration checking operation 41
counter rudder 43
align rudder indicator 53
response level 41
AutoTack 55
AutoTrim 54 N
counter rudder 53 NMEA0183
cruise speed 56 connections 29
drive type 53 inputs 59
latitude 56 outputs 59
off course warning angle 55
power steer 56
66 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide
O response level 50 54
Off course warning angle 55 rudder damping 54
rudder gain 42 53
P rudder indicator alignment 34 53
Parts supplied 4 rudder limit 53
Pilot Controller rudder limits 34
connecting 24 seatrial calibration lock 52
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course turn rate limit 55
Computer 25 vessel type 34 52
SeaTalk power supplied by Course wind type 50 56
Computer 24 WindTrim 50 56
ST6002 Pilot Controller
fitting 24
Power cable requirement 8 connecting 24
SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course
Power connection 21
Power steer joystick mode 56 Computer 25
SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Power supply protection 21
Computer 24
Product disposal vi
fitting 24
R Swinging the compass 35
Resetting the system 57 Switching on 31
Response level 50 54 System defaults 57
temporary changes 41 System grounding 26
Rudder damping 54 System reset 57
Rudder gain 53
setup 42 T
Rudder indicator alignment 53 Tools required 5
setup 34 Turn rate limit 55
Rudder limits 53 U
setup 34 User calibration 49
Rudder reference option 27 gybe inhibit 50
S response level 50
Safety wind type 50
electrical v WindTrim 50
general v V
navigation v Vessel type 52
SeaTalkng connections 28 Vessel type setup 34
Seatrial Calibration 35
AutoLearn 38
conditions 35 Wheel Drive
heading alignment 37 cable routing 20
swinging the compass 35 connecting 19
Seatrial calibration lock 52 mounting 11
Setup attaching pedestal bracket 15
accessing calibration modes 46 drilling spoke clamp holes 12
AutoTrim 43 54 securing wheel drive to wheel 14
counter rudder 43 53 Wind type 50 56
cruise speed 56 WindTrim 50 56
data pages 47
drive type 34 53
for joystick operation 56
gybe inhibit 50
heading selection 47
latitude 56
off course warning angle 55
power steer joystick mode 56
Wheel drive spoke clamp template
Spoke clamp
Spoke clamp
insert Spoke 16 mm 58 in
135 mm 53 in
12 mm 12 wheel
D54101

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