Sunday, February17, 2019

Marine Weather and Tides
Dillard, GA

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
10/6/2018 Colors of tide XTide graphs changed to emphasize that they were upgraded. See next note. Comments welcome.
10/4/2018 I have fixed XTide and updated the harmonic files. There were some name changes so you might have to click EDIT to find the new station name.

Sunrise 7:12AMSunset 6:16PM Sunday February 17, 2019 11:45 PM EST (04:45 UTC) Moonrise 4:10PMMoonset 5:43AM Illumination 98% Phase: Waxing Gibbous; Moon at 13 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Dillard, GA
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location: 35.01, -83.38     debug

Area Discussion for - Greenville-Spartanburg, SC
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Fxus62 kgsp 180309
area forecast discussion
national weather service greenville-spartanburg sc
1009 pm est Sun feb 17 2019

A moist warm front will continue to move north from georgia
tonight as low pressure crosses tennessee. Expect canadian high
pressure ridge down into our area from north dakota by late Monday
giving us a short dry period. Rain returns on Tuesday as a series
of low pressure systems will track from southwest to northeast
across the region, resulting in a persistent moist pattern through
most of the week.

Near term through Monday
As of 945 pm est Sunday: regional radars late this evening depict a
fairly solid moderate to heavy rain shield extending to the
southwest across northern alabama and georgia in advance of h5
vorticity lobes embedded in the wsw flow aloft, and ahead of a weak
surface cold front. Isentropic lift and moisture are maximizing
across the forecast area at present, but upglide should diminish
from the west after 06z and the upper dpva should pass by 09z, so
the duration of the heaviest part of the event will be fairly short-
lived. Some 1 to 1.5 inch rainfall totals will be possible along the
tn border and in southwest mountain upslope flow areas through
daybreak, but stream and river rises have been fairly modest so far.

The current thinking is that any overnight hydro issues in the
southwest mountains will be isolated. Thus, no flood watches will be
posted for the remainder of this event. This will certainly produce
moist conditions, however, for subsequent rainfall through the week.

Meanwhile, cold air damming will continue to weaken overnight as the
parent high pressure slips farther offshore. Developing westerly
flow by daybreak will lead to downsloping and scouring of the
surface wedge layer. This will cause temperatures to rise slightly
overnight and then sharply through tomorrow as the low clouds
finally scatter out and insolation improves without any significant
thickness falls from the passing front. The downslope warming and
improving sunshine should permit a nice warmup to 60s high
temperatures in most areas east of the mountains Monday afternoon.

This break in the rainfall for most of Monday and into Monday night
could well be the last significant dry weather of the upcoming week.

Short term Monday night through Wednesday
As of 255 pm est Sunday: the fcst will start off dry across the area
as a broad canadian high builds south across the glakes region
and begins to ridge down the east coast. Temps will drop to arnd
freezing across the nc mtns while a developing warm front begins to
approach the area arnd daybreak. There is some uncertainty with the
level of moisture with this front as the NAM continues to have very
little QPF response by 12z tue. Likely a null chance of any wintry
precip Tue morning as any light precip shud not arrive until temps
warm abv freezing. Temps wont rise much during the day... Probably
remaining 40s all locales as sfc-based CAA continues and cloud cover

The fcst becomes quite tricky Tue night as a parent 1040 mb high
sets up across the ERN glakes. The high config looks to be classical
in nature and bad for wintry precip across the colder nc mtn areas
as a stg llvl SW ly jet brings in a sigfnt warm nose aloft. Model
temp guidance has trended down overall so mixed in lower values with
the previous fcst numbers. This gave more areas for accum fzra over
the nc mtns and even a -ra fzra mix across the NRN fthills and nrn
nc piedmont. Temps look to hover just north of freezing generally
outside the NRN mtns... But a degree or two difference in sfc tw s
could create wintry icy precip.

The amt of precip is not totally certain as there could be robbing
convec south and the overall depth of saturation will likely be
limited to arnd h7. Therefore... Ice nuclei may not be activated esp
as the morning progresses... Per the latest GFS nam soundings.

Thus... Will anticipate an onset of freezing precip arnd 02z with
likely a switch to -fzdz... Before a changeover to all rain occurs
arnd 14z. Expect a light glaze of ice at most across the
non mtns... And the best ice accum potential of a couple tenths over
the NRN nc mtns and high elev NRN fthills... And perhaps even further
south across the black mtns. Right now... This event is certainty adv
level and as the fcst changes warning level conds could develop. A
light cold rain will continue thru period with temps only reaching
the l40s north and l50s over the far SW rn zones as the wedge is
slow to lift out of the area.

Another issue Tue night into Wed will be the potential for stream
flooding across the SW rn nc mtns. Wpc has the area in a day 3
slight risk of flooding the favored upslope sw-facing regions will
likely recieve arnd 2 inches to near 3 inches by then in continued
high saturated soils.

Long term Wednesday night through Sunday
As of 200 pm sun: an active pattern is still depicted across the cwfa
throughout the medium range, still with a strong ridge centered over
the eastern caribbean and deep troughing over the southern rockies
and vicinity. As low pressure traverses the great lakes region early
Thursday, a cold front will move thru the lower mississippi valley,
then pivot across the appalachians as the sfc low moves thru new
england. That will promote erosion of the midweek cad affecting our
area, though with the boundary lingering, unsettled weather will
persist. Furthermore, global models depict yet another seasonably
strong sfc high moving eastward north of the boundary, suggesting cad
will return by Friday. Temperatures within the weekend cad event
currently do not look cold enough for wintry precip, so the main
impact initially may just be to prolong the already cloudy damp

Model consensus shows pattern change finally occurring next weekend
as a shortwave ejects from the rockies, cyclogenesis occurs somewhere
to our northwest, and a cold front swings thru the southeast. This
front is most likely to reach our area on Sunday. The european and
canadian solutions depict a stronger low and better defined cold
front than does the gfs, though all of them show at least modest
instability in the warm sector preceding the front, while cad
persists for some of our area. These trends are worth watching as
they imply some severe weather threat may result for those parts of
our area along south of the wedge boundary.

All in all it is difficult to identify any meaningful break in precip
chances between Wednesday evening and Saturday morning, so we will
advertise at least likely pops for nearly the whole area during that
timeframe. A limited diurnal range is expected due to cloud cover
and or wedging, but overall temps will remain near climo. Chances
were allowed to drop a bit by Saturday afternoon as warm front shifts
northward ahead of the developing low.

Aviation 03z Monday through Friday
At kclt and elsewhere: steadier rainfall across the terminal
forecast area has produced mostly ifr CIGS late this evening, but
with some locations briefly scattering to MVFR, while others sink to
lifr. Anticipate more widespread lifr throughout for at least the
early overnight hours while the steady precip falls through 09z.

Conditions will begin to improve from the west before daybreak as
flow turns westerly and a light downslope flow develops east of the
mountains. It may take some time, perhaps until late morning, to
finally scatter the moisture in the boundary layer, but once it
starts happening it should scatter quickly through noon. Steady but
light winds will become NW overnight and then westerly through
Monday morning. Anticipate some low end gusts developing in the
westerly flow with mixing for much of Monday, with perhaps more
robust gusts well into the 20s at kavl in the french broad valley

Outlook: after brief improvement last through most of Monday night,
a series of low pressure systems will move through or near the
region through much of the rest of the week. This will produce
precipitation and associated restrictions for long periods of time
during each wave of precipitation.

Confidence table...

03-09z 09-15z 15-21z 21-00z
kclt high 85% med 60% high 100% high 100%
kgsp high 81% low 52% high 100% high 100%
kavl med 79% med 60% high 100% high 100%
khky med 75% med 68% high 100% high 100%
kgmu med 77% low 52% high 100% high 100%
kand med 77% med 60% high 100% high 100%
the percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing
with the scheduled TAF issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly
experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts
are available at the following link:

Weather Reporting Stations
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Macon County Airport, NC15 mi60 minN 04.00 miLight Rain47°F46°F100%1013.9 hPa

Wind History from 1A5 (wind in knots)
Last 24hrSE5SE3SE4CalmCalmS6SE3E3E4E7E5E4E5E4SE3CalmCalmNE3NE5CalmCalmCalmE3NW3
1 day agoCalmCalmCalmCalmN3CalmNW5CalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmNW6N7NW6NW7NW4CalmSE4SE3E4S6SE6
2 days agoE4CalmCalmSW8SW7SW8CalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmE4E4NE3CalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalm

Tide / Current Tables for
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Weather Map and Satellite Images
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NOTE: East coast views moved to GEOS-16. They are experimental and not well supported by NOAA so they may not be correct so be warned. This change required redoing a large amount of the GOES code. If the image you are expecting is not showing, please let me know. You may need to use the EDIT function to update your location.
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Wind Forecast for Greenville-Spartanburg, SC (23,6,7,8)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Greer, SC
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The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.