Tuesday, November21, 2017 L-36.com


Marine Weather and Tides
Niagara Falls, NY

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
6/25/2017 - NOAA is having a major issue that impact the 7 day forecast load times. Many users are reporting problems. The issue has been reported.
5/23/2017 - Worked with NOAA again to speed up the 7 day forecast load times. Thanks to them for being responsive.
5/19/2016 - There were issues with the 3 day airport observation history. I switched to another data source. Let me know if you see any issues with the data feeds.

Sunrise 7:16AMSunset 4:48PM Tuesday November 21, 2017 7:02 AM EST (12:02 UTC) Moonrise 9:49AMMoonset 7:27PM Illumination 8% Phase: Waxing Crescent; Moon at 3 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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LEZ020 Upper Niagara River And Buffalo Harbor- 828 Pm Est Mon Nov 20 2017
.small craft advisory in effect through Tuesday afternoon...
Overnight..Southwest winds 15 to 20 knots. Mainly clear.
Tuesday..Southwest winds 15 to 25 knots. Sunny in the morning, then becoming partly Sunny.
Tuesday night..Southwest winds 15 to 20 knots becoming west. Rain showers likely in the evening, then rain showers likely with a chance of snow showers overnight.
Wednesday..West winds 10 to 15 knots. Partly to mostly Sunny.
Wednesday night..Northwest winds 5 to 10 knots becoming southwest. Mostly cloudy.
Thursday..Southwest winds 5 to 15 knots becoming west. A chance of snow and rain showers Thursday night.
Friday..West winds 5 to 15 knots becoming southwest 15 to 20 knots. A chance of rain showers Friday night.
Saturday..Southwest winds 15 to 20 knots becoming northwest 10 to 15 knots. Rain showers likely during the day, then rain showers likely with a chance of snow showers Saturday night. The water temperature off buffalo is 46 degrees.
LEZ020 Expires:201711211015;;722043 FZUS51 KBUF 210128 NSHBUF Nearshore Marine Forecast National Weather Service Buffalo NY 828 PM EST Mon Nov 20 2017 For waters within five nautical miles of shore Waves are the significant wave height - the average of the highest 1/3 of the wave spectrum. Occasional wave height is the average of the highest 1/10 of the wave spectrum. LEZ020-211015-

7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Niagara Falls, NY
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location: 43.09, -79.01     debug


Area Discussion for - Buffalo, NY
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Fxus61 kbuf 211129
afdbuf
area forecast discussion
national weather service buffalo ny
629 am est Tue nov 21 2017

Synopsis
In advance of an approaching cold front... A brisk southwesterly
flow of mild air will dominate our region today... With temperatures
surging back into the lower to mid 50s in most areas. The cold
front will then push across our region tonight... With associated
rain showers mixing with or changing to snow before diminishing
overnight. In the wake of the front... Building high pressure will
then bring a return to colder and mainly dry weather for Wednesday
and thanksgiving day... With just some nuisance-type lake effect
snow showers possible downwind of the lakes at times.

Near term through tonight
Today surface low pressure over central ontario province will push
northeastward into western quebec... While slowly dragging its trailing
cold front in our direction. With our area remaining well out ahead
of the front... We can expect a dry day with fairly plentiful sunshine
this morning merely giving way to some increasing clouds during the
afternoon hours. This said... The tightening pressure gradient in place
out ahead of the cold front will also guarantee the development of
another round of rather breezy to windy conditions... With the strongest
winds found across far wny... Which will lie under an axis of stronger
(40-50 knot) flow in the 925-850 mb layer.

While the low level warm air advection regime will help to prevent
the strongest winds from completely mixing down to the surface... Am
still concerned that at least some 40 knot or so gusts will be able
to make it to the surface between late this morning and early this
afternoon... Particularly with both nam GFS bufkit profiles for kbuf
kiag indicating the presence of 40-45 knot winds as low as 1-2 kft
off the deck and increasingly well mixed lower levels. Given the
prevailing south-southwesterly to southwesterly low level flow... The
greatest overall potential for this will be found across niagara and
northern erie counties... Where a wind advisory has been issued to cover
this possibility. While conditions will also be breezy to windy across
the rest of the region... In general both sustained wind speeds and
gusts should tend to progressively lower with increasing eastward and
southward extent.

Otherwise we can expect a rather mild day today... With the aforementioned
breezy to windy conditions... Expected sunshine... And 925 mb temps of +4c
to +7c all leading to widespread high temps in the lower to mid 50s.

The warmest overall readings will be found across the lower elevations
of the genesee valley and finger lakes where downsloping effects will
be maximized... And where a few spots might see highs reach the upper 50s.

As we move into tonight... The surface low will gradually push further
northeastward across quebec... And in the process will drag its trailing
cold front across our region. While the main surface low will thus remain
far to our north... The boundary will still have the robust support of a
fairly sharp mid level trough to work with... And this combined with low
level convergence and moisture pooling along the boundary should be more
than sufficient to generate a fairly solid band of rain showers as the
front crosses our region... For which pops have been bumped up into the
categorical range areawide. In the wake of the frontal passage... Modest
cold air advection will then lead to the synoptic precipitation briefly
mixing with or changing over to wet snow before diminishing overnight...

while some limited lake effect snow showers also develop southeast of
the lakes in the developing northwest flow regime. This changeover to
snow could potentially lead to some minor accums of an inch or less
across the higher terrain... With little or no accumulation expected
across the lower elevations. As for temps... The cold advection regime
behind the front will result in readings falling back to the upper 20s
to mid 30s by the end of the night.

Short term Wednesday through Friday night
Not only will uneventful weather dominate this period... But we can
also look forward to gradual day to day warming. This... Despite a
pattern that will feature ridging in the west and an oscillating
trough over the great lakes region. These are both favorable
ingredients for thanksgiving travelers... But the good news will not
last through the upcoming weekend. More on this in the long term
section found below.

Notably colder air in the wake of a cold front will pour across our
region on Wednesday. Temperatures will be some 15 to 20 degrees
lower than the day before... With the mercury not climbing out of the
30s. The cold air will support some lake effect snow southeast of
both lakes... Especially during the morning when synoptic moisture
will be the most plentiful and the cap will be at its highest for
the day... Around 8k ft. Even so... The lake response will be minimal
with snowfall only forecast to be an inch or so for the chautauqua
ridge and in the vcnty of the tug hill. Otherwise... Clouds will
gradually thin out during the course of the day while winds gusting
between 25 and 30 mph will keep wind chill values in the 20s.

The axis of a large... Elongated surface based ridge will cross our
forecast area Wednesday night. While this will provide our region
with fair dry weather... Cirrus streaming in from the west should
temper an otherwise favorable environment for radiational cooling.

The only thing we will have to watch for will be some very minor
lake snow showers that could develop northeast of the lakes towards
daybreak. A low cap of about 5k ft will severely limit any real
development though.

On thanksgiving... The surface high will push east and this will
initiate a warm advective pattern for our forecast area. While a
weak mid level shortwave will cross our region... The surface based
high should remain the dominant feature. Will thus keep the majority
of the region pcpn free for Thursday... With the exception again
coming northeast of the lakes where some nuisance light lake driven
snow showers will be possible. Will just use low chc pops for this.

A stronger shortwave will pass by further to our north Thursday
night. While this will push a weakening frontal boundary as far
south as lake ontario... While low level ridging will persist over
the western counties. Will thus back off on chc pops for the western
counties and only maintain the chc for snow showers over the eastern
lake ontario region.

As a flat shortwave ridge pushes across the lower great lakes on
Friday... It will force the remnants of the stalled frontal boundary
back into canada. This will also establish another brief warm up...

as a strengthening south-southwest flow ahead of an approaching
pacific based cold front will boost h85 temps from the minus single
digits c to around 5c. Our temperatures will respond by climbing
into the 40s in most areas by Friday afternoon. The moderating
temperatures will be accompanied by at least partial sunshine.

Conditions will then deteriorate somewhat Friday night... As a
vigorous shortwave will push the first of two frontal boundaries
across our region. The first one... A pacific based cold front...

will push through our region late Friday night. This feature should
generate some mixed rain and snow showers... Mainly over the western
counties after midnight.

Long term Saturday through Monday
While temperatures will actually be on the plus side of normal to
start this period... A digging longwave trough over the great lakes
will unlock the door for a chunk of very cold air to settle over us
for Sunday and Monday. As one would expect for this time of year...

the plunging temperatures will support some lake snows as well. This
will likely present some problems for holiday travelers at the end
of the weekend. More on this in a moment.

Saturday will be somewhat unsettled across our region... But it will
be far from a wash out. In fact... There may be more hours of pcpn
free weather than those with mixed rain and snow showers. The
pacific based cool front will pass to our east during the morning...

and this should leave a lull in the synoptic forcing for the
afternoon. As the cold air behind the first front deepens though...

any residual rain showers should mix with change to wet snow
showers.

A fairly strong arctic cold front will then plow across the lower
great lakes Saturday night. This will generate scattered snow showers
throughout our region... With lake snows becoming organized southeast
of the lakes after midnight. The stage will then be set for what
could be a miserable day for travel on Sunday.

Medium range ensembles are in good agreement that a cold cyclonic
northerly flow will be in place over our region on Sunday... While
fairly deep synoptic moisture will persist. Given that h85 temps are
forecast to be in the vcnty of -12 to -15c and that there should be
some added lift from the northerly upslope flow... It is likely that
fairly steady snow will be found southeast of both lakes... Including
along the bulk of the new york state thruway. This could make travel
a little more challenging for those heading home Sunday and Sunday
night. Stay tuned.

On Monday... A broad ridge over the mid west and upper great lakes
will begin to push across the lower great lakes. The ensuing warm
advection and subsequent lowering subsidence inversion will bring an
end to the accumulating... Problematic lake snows southeast of both
lakes... While fair weather will be found elsewhere.

Aviation 12z Tuesday through Saturday
WidespreadVFR conditions will continue right through today... With
patchy thin high cirrus for much of this morning gradually giving
way to increasing thickening clouds this afternoon as a cold front
slowly presses in our direction from the upper great lakes. This
said... A strengthening low level jet will also help to generate
fairly widespread low level wind shear across the region into this
morning... Before increasing daytime mixing relaxes the wind shear
and allows some of the stronger winds from aloft to mix to the
surface... Resulting in breezy to windy surface conditions. The
windiest overall conditions today will be found in the vicinity of
kbuf kiag... Where a period of surface wind gusts to around 40 knots
or so can be expected during the late morning and early afternoon
hours.

Tonight the aforementioned cold front will push across our region
from west to east along with a band of fairly widespread rain
showers... Which will briefly mix with or changeover to snow showers
before diminishing overnight. This will result in flight conditions
lowering to MVFR... With embedded pockets of ifr possible.

Outlook...

Wednesday... MainlyVFR... With a chance of localized MVFR ifr in
scattered snow showers southeast of the lakes.

Thursday... MainlyVFR... With a chance of localized MVFR in
scattered snow showers north-northeast of the lakes.

Thursday night... A chance of snow showers MVFR across the north
country... Otherwise mainlyVFR.

Friday... MainlyVFR.

Saturday...VFR MVFR with rain showers likely.

Marine
Out ahead of an approaching cold front... Rather brisk southwesterlies
will continue across the lower great lakes today... Before veering
to northwesterly tonight following the frontal passage... Then slowly
diminishing from west to east during Wednesday as high pressure
builds across the region. As such... Small craft advisories remain
in effect as outlined below.

Looking a bit further out in time... Some additional small craft
advisories may be needed again for Thursday afternoon and night as the
pressure gradient tightens around a cold front passing by just to our
north... With more widespread advisories then possible this weekend as
a stronger low pressure system passes by to our north.

Buf watches warnings advisories
Ny... Wind advisory until 5 pm est this afternoon for nyz001-010.

Marine... Small craft advisory until 7 pm est this evening for lez020.

Small craft advisory until 1 pm est Wednesday for lez040-
041.

Small craft advisory until 7 pm est this evening for
loz030.

Small craft advisory until 7 pm est Wednesday for
loz042>045.

Synopsis... Jjr
near term... Jjr
short term... Rsh
long term... Rsh
aviation... Jjr
marine... Jjr


Weather Reporting Stations
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Stations Dist Age Wind Air TempWater Temp WavesPressureDewPt
NIAN6 - 9063012 - Niagara Intake, NY 1 mi44 min 45°F 1008.6 hPa
YGNN6 - Niagara Coast Guard , NY 12 mi62 min S 17 G 26 47°F 1007.5 hPa (-1.6)
BUFN6 - 9063020 - Buffalo, NY 16 mi44 min S 13 G 19 44°F 1008.8 hPa25°F
OLCN6 - Olcott Harbor, NY 23 mi182 min S 8 G 17 43°F 1010.2 hPa (-1.0)
45142 - Port Colborne 28 mi62 min SSW 23 G 27 47°F 48°F7 ft1008.7 hPa (-1.4)
PSTN6 - 9063028 - Sturgeon Point, NY 28 mi44 min 44°F 1009.3 hPa
45139 - West Lake Ontario - Grimsby 30 mi122 min SSW 23 G 27 46°F 41°F2 ft1007 hPa (-1.8)
DBLN6 - Dunkirk, NY 45 mi62 min SSW 9.9 G 17 43°F 1010 hPa (-1.9)

Wind History for Buffalo, NY
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7
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Last
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W18
W15
G21
W15
G22
W17
SW27
G38
SW25
G37
SW31
SW23
G28
SW27
G35
SW22
G28
S17
G22
SW17
G23
SW23
S16
G24
SW18
S15
G23
S18
G26
S12
G17
S14
S17
G23
S17
G23
S16
G23
S18
G23
S15
G21
1 day
ago
NW18
G23
W14
G19
W16
G20
W18
G23
W15
G19
W15
W12
G16
W16
G21
W21
G30
W21
G27
NW20
G26
NW17
NW14
G17
NW16
G22
NW14
G17
W17
W15
G20
W19
G24
W20
G25
W20
G27
W18
G25
W20
W21
W22
G28
2 days
ago
S17
G23
S17
G21
S16
G20
S14
G18
S14
G18
S12
G16
S15
G19
S12
S13
G17
SE8
G11
S4
G7
E4
E6
G9
E7
NE5
NE1
S2
NW13
G16
NW25
G32
NW23
G31
NW20
NW15
G21
NW13
G17
NW19
G30

Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Niagara Falls, Niagara Falls International Airport, NY3 mi69 minSSW 14 G 1910.00 miFair44°F25°F47%1009.1 hPa
Buffalo, Greater Buffalo International Airport, NY18 mi68 minSSW 17 G 2310.00 miFair41°F21°F47%1009.5 hPa

Wind History from IAG (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrW15
G23
SW13W15W13
G18
W15W11
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W18
G28
SW17
G26
SW14
G21
SW11SW14SW16
G21
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G21
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G23
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G29
SW22
G28
SW19
G28
SW19
G27
S17
G21
S12S16
G22
S14
G19
1 day agoNW17
G27
NW18
G25
W13
G21
W19
G24
W17
G27
W15
G23
W13NW13W20
G24
W17
G25
NW16
G23
NW17
G30
W13NW12W13W11W12W10W15
G21
W13W18
G25
W14
G24
W14
G24
SW12
2 days ago--SW12SW14SW12SW7S11S13S6SE6S9SE3E5SE7E6E4E4NW3NW10N23
G32
NW22
G28
NW19
G26
NW21
G27
NW18
G32
NW16
G24

Tide / Current Tables for
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Weather Map and Satellite Images
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Weather Map
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IR Satellite Image from GEOS
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GOES Local Image of GreatLakes    EDIT
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Wind Forecast for Buffalo, NY (7,2,3,4)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Buffalo, NY
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Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.