Sunday, January21, 2018 L-36.com


Marine Weather and Tides
St. James, MI

Version 3.4
What's New / NOTES
6/25/2017 - NOAA is having a major issue that impact the 7 day forecast load times. Many users are reporting problems. The issue has been reported.
5/23/2017 - Worked with NOAA again to speed up the 7 day forecast load times. Thanks to them for being responsive.
5/19/2016 - There were issues with the 3 day airport observation history. I switched to another data source. Let me know if you see any issues with the data feeds.

Sunrise 8:09AMSunset 5:27PM Sunday January 21, 2018 7:51 AM EST (12:51 UTC) Moonrise 10:40AMMoonset 10:19PM Illumination 23% Phase: Waxing Crescent; Moon at 5 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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LMZ362 Lake Michigan From Seul Choix Point To Rock Island Passage 5 Nm Offshore To Mid Lake- Lake Michigan South Of A Line From Seul Choix Point To The Mackinac Bridge And North Of A Line From Charlevoix Mi To South Fox Island 5 Nm Offshore- Lake Michigan From Charlevoix To Point Betsie Mi 5 Nm Offshore To Mid Lake- Lake Michigan From Point Betsie To Manistee Mi 5 Nm Offshore To Mid Lake- Lake Michigan From Rock Island Passage To Sturgeon Bay Wi- Lake Michigan From Sturgeon Bay To Two Rivers Wi 5 Nm Offshore To Mid Lake- 307 Am Cst Sun Jan 21 2018 Two Rivers Wi To Manistee Mi North...
.gale watch in effect from late tonight through Monday evening...
Today..South winds 5 to 10 kt backing to east. Waves 1 to 3 ft.
Tonight..East winds 10 to 20 kt becoming northeast and increasing to 30 kt. Slight chance of rain showers and light freezing rain in the evening...then chance of rain showers and slight chance of snow showers overnight. Waves 3 to 5 ft building to 4 to 6 ft occasionally to 8 ft.
Monday..East gales to 35 kt increasing to gales to 45 kt...then diminishing to 35 kt again late. Rain showers, snow showers and light freezing rain...plus a chance of sleet in the afternoon. Waves 7 to 10 ft occasionally to 13 ft building to 10 to 14 ft occasionally to 18 ft.
Monday night..Northeast winds to 30 kt increasing to gales to 40 kt. Rain and snow showers in the evening...then snow likely with rain overnight. Waves 8 to 12 ft occasionally to 16 ft subsiding to 7 to 10 ft occasionally to 13 ft.
Tuesday..North gales to 40 kt diminishing to gales to 35 kt. Chance of snow in the morning...then chance of snow showers in the afternoon. Waves 8 to 11 ft occasionally to 14 ft.
Tuesday night..North winds to 30 kt diminishing to 15 to 25 kt. Waves 5 to 8 ft occasionally to 10 ft subsiding to 4 to 6 ft occasionally to 8 ft.
Wednesday..North winds 10 to 20 kt becoming northeast 10 to 15 kt. Waves 2 to 4 ft subsiding to 1 to 2 ft.
Thursday..Southwest winds 10 to 15 kt becoming south 10 to 20 kt. Waves 1 to 2 ft.
LMZ362 Expires:201801211630;;766354 FZUS63 KLOT 210907 GLFLM OPEN LAKE FORECAST for Lake Michigan National Weather Service Chicago/Romeoville IL 307 AM CST Sun Jan 21 2018 FOR WATERS BEYOND FIVE NAUTICAL MILES OF SHORE ON Lake Michigan. Waves are provided as a range of significant wave heights, which is the average of the highest 1/3 of the wave, along with the average height of the highest 10% of the waves which will occasionally be encountered. .SYNOPSIS...Low pressure of 29.6 inches over the southern Plains will deepen to 29.4 inches and cross southern Lake Michigan Monday night, then continue across southern Quebec Tuesday evening. A broad ridge of high pressure of 30.3 inches over the Plains Tuesday night will move across the western Great Lakes Wednesday. LMZ261-362-364-366-563-565-211630-

7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near St. James, MI
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location: 45.58, -85.54     debug


Area Discussion for - Gaylord, MI
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Fxus63 kapx 211107
afdapx
area forecast discussion
national weather service gaylord mi
607 am est Sun jan 21 2018

Near term (today through tonight)
issued at 335 am est Sun jan 21 2018

Mild again today with increasing chances of precip tonight...

high impact weather potential... Areas of light freezing precip
tonight possibly causing some slippery travel.

Pattern synopsis forecast... Low pressure continues to develop to the
lee of the rockies over the central plains early this morning.

Associated warm front extends eastward from the developing low thru
kansas and missouri into the ohio valley. Increasing moisture
continues to gradually advect northward along and north of this
boundary thru illinois and indiana into wisconsin and michigan...

resulting in increasing clouds... Lowering CIGS and widespread fog.

Closer to home... Patchy fog is beginning to develop across southern
sections of our CWA along the northern periphery of this increasing
moisture shield... But low clouds remain south of our area for now.

Temps remain relatively mild this morning (for late january
anyway)... With most locations in the upper 20s to lower 30s.

As we head into today and tonight... Deepening surface low center
will begin to lift NE out of the central plains... Reaching the
iowa missouri border by 12z Monday. The deep closed upper low will
be close in tow right behind the surface low center. Associated warm
front will lift northward into southern lower michigan by evening
and will stall there for the remainder of the night. Some
strengthening in WAA today will boost temps back into the upper 30s
and lower 40s today despite increasing thickening low cloud cover as
low level moisture advects into the region from south to north.

Still appears any precip chances will hold off until tonight...

increasing from south to north as moist isentropic ascent (i295)
increases along and north of the warm front. All precip will be
rather light... Mainly of the patchy drizzle freezing drizzle light
snow variety... Due to limited depth of moisture during the onset. At
this point... Precip intensity should be sufficiently light enough to
preclude the necessity of any headline for now. Will certainly keep
a close eye on how the onset of this event evolves. Low temps
tonight will range from the lower 20s in eastern upper michigan to
the lower 30s in southern sections of our cwa.

Short term (Monday through Tuesday)
issued at 335 am est Sun jan 21 2018

Messy wintry mix will impact travel...

high impact weather potential... Significant snow and ice
accumulations possible, which will make for difficult, if not
hazardous, travel.

Pattern synopsis forecast... Well-advertised storm system will slowly
travel from NW missouri Monday morning through northern lower
michigan by Tuesday morning, departing into quebec by Tuesday
evening. The system will interact with a very moist environment to
produce widespread precipitation as it crosses the upper great
lakes, with pwats over northern michigan ranging from 0.5" to
greater than 0.75" (2 to 4 standard deviations above the mean for
late january). Strong low level thermal gradient across northern
michigan will lead to a variety of precip types until colder air
arriving behind the departing system brings a change to all snow
early Tuesday. This will be followed by a transition to lake effect
processes by Tuesday afternoon.

Primary forecast concerns... Precipitation types and amounts and
potential headline decisions.

Over the last 24 hours, models have come into better consensus
regarding the track of this system, roughly taking it just south of
a line from ludington to alpena as it crosses northern lower late
Monday night. However, there remain some subtle variances in how far
north the warm air will progress, which will have a huge impact on
low level thermal profiles and resultant ptypes. Among the 21.00z
suite of deterministic models, the GFS and gem take the surface 32f
isotherm nearly all the way north to straits Monday evening, while
the NAM and ECMWF take it only to about m-32. Have leaned more
toward the slightly warmer end of guidance with this forecast.

Very favorable forcing will move into the area on Monday, consisting
of strong upper divergence, pva, warm air advection, low level jet
nosing into the area, and impressive f-gen banding. Generally the
strongest forcing won't arrive until afternoon, when the steadier,
heavier precipitation is expected to begin. As the core of this
wound up system enters northern michigan Monday evening night, a
somewhat muddled dry slot will strip out moisture from top down.

Moisture will increase again within the column towards daybreak
Tuesday on the backside of this departing system. Impressive QPF for
this event, ranging from around 0.60" over western chippewa mackinac
counties to around an inch near lake huron.

Precip type... Still looking like mainly snow across eastern upper,
but as the column dries out from top down Monday evening night, that
may lead to a loss of ice crystals in the clouds and hence a period
of freezing drizzle rain. Northern lower ptype forecast remains a
challenge given models' continued variances in low level thermal
profiles. A wintry mix is still expected with snow, freezing rain,
and sleet overspreading the area Monday morning. As surface
temperatures slowly warm through the day from south to north, will
see a corresponding gradual transition to rain migrating north
towards the straits. Colder air filtering in on the backside of this
system Tuesday morning will bring a rather quick transition to all
snow across the forecast area, with synoptic snow giving way to
some lake effect snow showers Tuesday afternoon.

Precip amounts... Given the impressive amount of QPF with this
system, a significant amount of snowfall is expected across eastern
upper and tip of the mitt from Monday morning through Tuesday
morning. Within that 24-hour period, the current forecast calls for
potentially 4-7" between m-32 and the bridge and around 7-9" across
eastern upper. This will be a wetter, heavier snow with slr
averaging around 10:1 across the area. Much lower confidence in
potential ice amounts. Certainly plausible that some northern lower
locales see 0.1 to 0.2" of ice accumulation, but there's still too
much model variance at this point with regard to thermal profiles to
pin down which locations will be most impacted. So, expect
additional adjustments to snow ice forecasts today following later
model runs.

Potential headlines... Potential snowfall across eastern upper and
tip of the mitt look to fall short of winter storm watch criteria
but would definitely warrant an advisory later on. Potential ice
accumulations across northern lower also look to fall short of watch
criteria but would warrant an advisory later on. Given we're still a
few periods out and confidence remains low in potential snow ice
amounts, will hold off on any headlines for now.

Long term (Tuesday night through Saturday)
issued at 335 am est Sun jan 21 2018
high impact weather potential... Minimal.

Lake effect snow showers will continue around and south of the grand
traverse bay region through Wednesday, when a considerably drier
airmass settles into the region with a large surface high. Generally
quiet weather then expected through Friday when temperatures will
warm back into the low 40s for much of northern lower. Another
synoptic system is progged to track through the upper midwest on
Saturday, passing well to our north and bringing mainly rain to
northern michigan.

Aviation (for the 12z tafs through 12z Monday morning)
issued at 607 am est Sun jan 21 2018
low clouds and fog will slowly expand northward thru northern
lower michigan today and tonight in advance of a warm front
lifting northward into the great lakes region. Conditions will
deteriorate to MVFR and eventually ifr as the fog and low stratus
develops. Areas of drizzle and freezing drizzle will also develop
tonight. Light variable surface winds today will become E ne
below 10 kts tonight.

Apx watches warnings advisories
Mi... None.

Near term... Mr
short term... Mk
long term... Mk
aviation... Mr


Weather Reporting Stations
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Stations Dist Age Wind Air TempWater Temp WavesPressureDewPt
GTLM4 - Grand Traverse Light, MI 26 mi72 min SSE 2.9 G 7 34°F 1016.3 hPa
PNLM4 - 9087096 - Port Inland, MI 32 mi52 min ESE 4.1 G 5.1 33°F 1013.7 hPa (-0.3)
NABM4 - Naubinway, MI 35 mi72 min E 5.1 G 6 31°F 1014.6 hPa
MACM4 - 9075080 - Mackinaw City, MI 45 mi52 min SE 1 G 1.9 32°F 1014.8 hPa (+0.0)24°F

Wind History for Port Inland, MI
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Beaver Island, Beaver Island Airport, MI8 mi57 minESE 31.25 miFog/Mist33°F32°F100%1015.2 hPa
Charlevoix, Charlevoix Municipal Airport, MI24 mi57 minESE 47.00 miOvercast32°F32°F100%1016.6 hPa

Wind History from SJX (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrW8W8W6W6SW7SW6SW5SW5SW3SW6SW5W4CalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmCalmS3CalmCalm
1 day agoSW6SW7
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2 days agoW11
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Tide / Current Tables for
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Tide / Current Tables for
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Weather Map and Satellite Images
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Weather Map
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IR Satellite Image from GEOS
east_satellite

GOES Local Image of GreatLakes    EDIT
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Wind Forecast for Gaylord, MI (7,2,3,4)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Gaylord, MI
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Disclaimer:
The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.