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General Public LicenseUJ4UJ4N All races that have started are abandoned Return to the starting area The warning signal will be made 1 minute after removal unless at that time the race is abandonedagain or posponed RACE SIGNALS The meanings of visual and sound signals are stated below An arrow pointing up or down means that a visual signal is displayed or removed A dot means a sound five short dashes mean repetitive sounds a long dash means a long sound When a visual signal is displayed over a class flag the signal applies only to that class Postponement Signals Pennant 1Pennant 2 Pennant 3 Pennant 4Pennant 5 Pennant 6 AP over a numeral pennant 16 Postponement of 16 hours from the scheduled starting time Abandonment Signals 13 AP Races not started are postponedThe warning signal will be made 1 minute after removal unless at that time the race is postponed again or abandoned AP over H Races not started are postponed Further signals ashore AP over A Races not started are postponed No more racing today N over H All races are abandoned Further signals ashoreN over A All races are abandoned No more racing today Signals Recall Signals Shortened Course Changing the Next Leg Other Signals Preparatory signal Rule 301 is in effect Rule 302 is in effectBlack flag Rule 303 is in effect Ashore A notice to competitors has been posted Afloat Come within hail or follow this boatBlue flag or shape This race committee boat is in position at the fiishing line The object displaying this signal replaces a missing mark merkin Wear a personal flotation device Individual recallFirst Substitute General recall The warning signal will be made 1 minute after removal The course has been shortened Rule 322 is in efect 7Q 808bjEI Qq 191 0 0 146 2723 113667 cmBICSR14W 95H 72BPC 4FFlID Q1 1 1 rg3824 113667 571 175 ref0 0 0 rgq833333 0 0 833333 0 0 cm BTR11 12 Tf099941 0 0 1 46608 143001 Tmno sound The position of the next markhas been changedto staboardto port to decrease the length of the legto increase the length of the leg THE RACING RULES OF SAILING for 20132016 International Sailing Federation As the leading authority for the sport the International Sailing Federation promotes and supports the protection of the environment in all sailing competitions and related activities throughout the world Contact Details for the ISAF Secretariat Ariadne House Town Quay Southampton Hampshire SO14 2AQ UK Tel 44 0 2380 635111 Fax 44 0 2380 635789 Email Published by ISAF UK Ltd Southampton UK International Sailing Federation Ltd June 2012 CONTENTS Race Signals Inside front coverOnline Rules Documents 4 Introduction 5 Definitions 7 Basic Principles 10 Part 1 Fundamental Rules 10 Part 2 When Boats Meet 12 Part 3 Conduct of a Race 18 Part 4 Other Requirements When Racing 23 Part 5 Protests Redress Hearings Misconduct and Appeals 30 Part 6 Entry and Qualification 42 Part 7 Race Organization 44 Appendices Scoring 48 Windsurfing Competition Rules 52 Match Racing Rules 70 Team Racing Rules 82 Radio Sailing Racing Rules 90 Kiteboard Racing Rules 99 Identification on Sails 108 Weighing Clothing and Equipment 113 Notice of Race and Sailing Instructions 114 K Notice of Race Guide 119 Sailing Instructions Guide 127 for Protest Committees 145 International Juries 151 P Special Procedures for Rule 42 154 Procedures for Appeals and Requests 156 Protest Form 159 Index 161 R8rwlyUWZrPk3 ONLINE RULES DOCUMENTS ISAF has established a single internet address at which readers will find links to all the online rules documents mentioned in this book Those documents are listed below Links to other rules documents will also be provided at that address The address is Changes made to these rules after 1 January 2013 5 ISAF Codes Regulations 19 20 21 and 22 5 Case Book Call Books for Match and Team Racing 5 Part 2 Preamble Rule 48 International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 12 Rule 42 of Rule 42 Propulsion 25 Rule 49 ISAF Offshore Special Regulations 28 Appendix C Preamble Standard Notice of Race for Match Racing 70 Standard Sailing Instructions for Match Racing 70 Match Racing Rules for Blind Competitors 70 Rule E52 International Radio Sailing Association Addendum Q 94 Appendix F Preamble Rules for other kiteboard racing formats and disciplines 99 Rule G11 Uptodate version of the table of national sail letters 108 Appendix K Template for Notice of Race Guide 119 Appendix L Template for Sailing Instructions Guide 127 Appendix LE Expanded Sailing Instructions Guide 127 5 INTRODUCTION The Racing Rules of Sailing includes two main sections The first Parts 17 contains rules that affect all competitors The second the appendices provides details of rules rules that apply to particular kinds of racing and rules that affect only a small number of competitors or officials Revision The racing rules are revised and published every four years by the International Sailing Federation ISAF the international authority for the sport This edition becomes effective on 1 January 2013 except that for an event beginning in 2012 the date may be postponed by the notice of race and sailing instructions Marginal markings indicate important changes to Parts 17 and the Definitions of the 20092012 edition No changes are contemplated before 2017 but any changes determined to be urgent before then will be announced through national authorities and posted on the ISAF website ISAF Codes The ISAF Eligibility Advertising AntiDoping and Sailor Classification Codes Regulations 19 20 21 and 22 are referred to in the definition Rule but are not included in this book because they can be changed at any time The most recent versions of the codes are available on the ISAF website new versions will be announced through national and Calls The ISAF publishes of the racing rules in The Case Book for 20132016 and recognizes them as authoritative and explanations of the rules It also publishes The Call Book for Match Racing for 20132016 and The Call Book for Team Racing for 20132016 and it recognizes them as authoritative only for umpired match or team racing These publications are available on the ISAF website Terminology A term used in the sense stated in the Definitions is printed in italics or in preambles in bold italics for example racingand racing Racing rule means a rule in The Racing Rules of Sailing Boat means a sailboat and the crew on board vessel means any boat or ship Race committee includes any person or committee performing a race committee function A change to a rule includes an addition to it or deletion of all or part of it National INTRODUCTION authority means an ISAF member national authority Other words and terms are used in the sense ordinarily understood in nautical or general use Appendices When the rules of an appendix apply they take precedence over any conflicting rules in Parts 17 and the Definitions Each appendix is identified by a letter A reference to a rule in an appendix will contain the letter and the rule number for example rule A1 The letters I O and Q are not used to designate appendices in this book Changes to the Rules The prescriptions of a national authority class rules or the sailing instructions may change a racing rule only as permitted in rule 86 Changes to National Authority Prescriptions A national authority may restrict changes to its prescriptions as provided in rule 882 7DEFINITIONS A term used as stated below is shown in italic type or in preambles in bold italic type Abandon A race that a race committee or protest committee abandons is void but may be resailed Clear Astern and Clear Ahead Overlap One boat is clear astern of another when her hull and equipment in normal position are behind a line abeam from the aftermost point of the other boats hull and equipment in normal position The other boat is clear ahead They overlap when neither is clear asternHowever they also overlap when a boat between them overlaps both These terms always apply to boats on the same tack They do not apply to boats on opposite tacks unless rule 18 applies or both boats are sailing more than ninety degrees from the true windFetching A boat is fetching a mark when she is in a position to pass to windward of it and leave it on the required side without changing tack Finish A boat finishes when any part of her hull or crew or equipment in normal position crosses the finishing line from the course side However she has not finished if after crossing the finishing line she a takes a penalty under rule 442 b corrects an error under rule 282 made at the line or c continues to sail the course Interested Party A person who may gain or lose as a result of a protest committees decision or who has a close personal interest in the decisionKeep Clear A boat keeps clear of a rightofway boat a if the rightofway boat can sail her course with no need to take avoiding action and b when the boats are overlapped if the rightofway boat can also change course in both directions without immediately making contact Leeward and Windward A boats leeward side is the side that is or when she is head to wind was away from the wind However when sailing by the lee or directly downwind her leeward side is the side on which her mainsail lies The other side is her windward side When two boats on the same tack DEFINITIONS overlap the one on the leeward side of the other is the leeward boat The other is the windward boatMark An object the sailing instructions require a boat to leave on a specified side and a race committee boat surrounded by navigable water from which the starting or finishing line extends An anchor line or an object attached accidentally to a mark is not part of it MarkRoom Room for a boat to leave a mark on the required side Also a room to sail to the mark when her proper course is to sail close to it and b room to round the mark as necessary to sail the course However markroom for a boat does not include room to tack unless she is overlapped inside and to windward of the boat required to give markroomand she would be fetching the mark after her tack Obstruction An object that a boat could not pass without changing course substantially if she were sailing directly towards it and one of her hull lengths from it An object that can be safely passed on only one side and an area so designated by the sailing instructions are also obstructions However a boat racing is not an obstruction to other boats unless they are required to keep clear of her or if rule 23 applies avoid her A vessel under way including a boat racing is never a continuing obstruction Overlap See Clear Astern and Clear Ahead Overlap Party A party to a hearing is a for a protest hearing a protestor a protestee b for a request for redress a boat requesting redress or for which redress is requested a race committee acting under rule 602b c for a request for redress under rule 621a the body alleged to have made an improper action or omission d a boat or a competitor that may be penalized under rule 692 However the protest committee is never a party Postpone A postponed race is delayed before its scheduled start but may be started or abandoned Proper Course A course a boat would sail to finish as soon as possible in the absence of the other boats referred to in the rule using the term A boat has no proper course before her starting signalProtest An allegation made under rule 612 by a boat a race committee or a protest committee that a boat has broken a ruleRacing A boat is racing from her preparatory signal until she finishes and clears the finishing line and marks or retires or until the race committee signals a general recall postponement or The space a boat needs in the existing conditions including space to comply with her obligations under the rules of Part 2 and rule 31 while manoeuvring promptly in a seamanlike wayRule a The rules in this book including the Definitions Race Signals Introduction preambles and the rules of relevant appendices but not titles b ISAF Regulation 19 Eligibility Code Regulation 20 Advertising Code Regulation 21 AntiDoping Code and Regulation 22 Sailor Classification Code c the prescriptions of the national authority unless they are changed by the sailing instructions in compliance with the national authoritys prescription if any to rule 882 d the class rules for a boat racing under a handicap or rating system the rules of that system are class rules e the notice of race f the sailing instructions and g any other documents that govern the event Start A boat starts when having been entirely on the prestart side of the starting line at or after her starting signal and having complied with rule 301 if it applies any part of her hull crew or equipment crosses the starting line in the direction of the first mark Tack Starboard or Port A boat is on the tack starboard or port corresponding to her windward side Windward See Leeward and Windward Zone The area around a mark within a distance of three hull lengths of the boat nearer to it A boat is in the zone when any part of her hull is in the zone 10 BASIC PRINCIPLES SPORTSMANSHIP AND THE RULES Competitors in the sport of sailing are governed by a body of rulesthat they are expected to follow and enforce A fundamental principle of sportsmanship is that when competitors break a rule they will promptly take a penalty which may be to RESPONSIBILITY Participants are encouraged to minimize any adverse environmental impact of the sport of sailingPART 1 FUNDAMENTAL RULES 1 SAFETY 11 Helping Those in Danger A boat or competitor shall give all possible help to any person or vessel in danger 12 LifeSaving Equipment and Personal Flotation Devices A boat shall carry adequate lifesaving equipment for all persons on board including one item ready for immediate use unless her class rules make some other provision Each competitor is individually responsible for wearing a personal flotation device adequate for the conditions 2 FAIR SAILING A boat and her owner shall compete in compliance with recognized principles of sportsmanship and fair play A boat may be penalized under this rule only if it is clearly established that these principles have been violated A under this rule shall not be excluded from the boats series score Part 1 FUNDAMENTAL RULES 113 ACCEPTANCE OF THE RULESBy participating in a race conducted under these racing rules each competitor and boat owner agrees a to be governed by the rules b to accept the penalties imposed and other action taken under the rules subject to the appeal and review procedures provided in them as the final determination of any matter arising under the rules and c with respect to any such determination not to resort to any court of law or tribunal4 DECISION TO RACE The responsibility for a boats decision to participate in a race or to continue racing is hers alone 5 ANTIDOPING A competitor shall comply with the World AntiDoping Code the rules of the World AntiDoping Agency and ISAF Regulation 21 AntiDoping Code An alleged or actual breach of this rule shall be dealt with under Regulation 21 It shall not be grounds for a protestand rule 631 does not apply 12PART 2 WHEN BOATS MEET The rules of Part 2 apply between boats that are sailing in or near the racing area and intend have beenracing However a boat not racing shall not be penalized for breaking one of these rules except rule 241When a boat sailing under these rules meets a vessel that is not she shall comply with the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea IRPCAS or government rightofway rules If the sailing instructions so state the rules of Part 2 are replaced by the rightofway rules of the IRPCAS or by government rightofway rulesSECTION A RIGHT OF WAY A boat has right of way over another boat when the other boat is required to keep clear of her However some rules in Sections B C and D limit the actions of a rightofway boat10 ON OPPOSITE TACKS When boats are on opposite tacks a porttack boat shall keep clearof a starboardtack boat 11 ON THE SAME TACK OVERLAPPED When boats are on the same tack and overlapped a windward boat shall keep clear of a leeward boat 12 ON THE SAME TACK NOT OVERLAPPEDWhen boats are on the same tack and not overlapped a boat clear astern shall keep clear of a boat clearahead 13 WHILE TACKING After a boat passes head to wind she shall keep clear of other boats until she is on a closehauled course During that time rules 10 11 and 12 do not apply If two boats are subject to this rule at the same Part 2 WHEN BOATS MEET 13time the one on the others port side or the one astern shall keep clear SECTION B GENERAL LIMITATIONS 14 AVOIDING CONTACTA boat shall avoid contact with another boat if reasonably possible However a rightofway boat or one entitled to room or markrooma need not act to avoid contact until it is clear that the other boat is not keeping clear or giving room or markroom and b shall be exonerated if she breaks this rule and the contact does not cause damage or injury 15 ACQUIRING RIGHT OF WAY When a boat acquires right of way she shall initially give the other boat room to keep clear unless she acquires right of way because of the other boats actions 16 CHANGING COURSE 161 When a rightofway boat changes course she shall give the other boat room to keep clear162 In addition when after the starting signal a porttack boat is keeping clear by sailing to pass astern of a starboardtack boat the starboardtack boatshall not change course if as a result the porttackboat would immediately need to change course to continue keeping clear17 ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE If a boat clear astern becomes overlapped within two of her hull lengths to leeward of a boat on the same tack she shall not sail above her proper course while they remain on the same tack andoverlapped within that distance unless in doing so she promptly sails astern of the other boat This rule does not apply if the overlapbegins while the windward boat is required by rule 13 to keep clear Part 2 WHEN BOATS MEET 14SECTION C AT MARKS AND OBSTRUCTIONS Section C rules do not apply at a starting mark surrounded by navigable water or at its anchor line from the time boats are approaching them to start until they have passed them 18 MARKROOM 181 When Rule 18 Applies Rule 18 applies between boats when they are required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is in the zone However it does not apply a between boats on opposite tacks on a beat to windward b between boats on opposite tacks when the proper course at the mark for one but not both of them is to tack c between a boat approaching a mark and one leaving it or d if the mark is a continuing obstruction in which case rule 19 applies 182 Giving MarkRoom a When boats are overlapped the outside boat shall give the inside boat markroom unless rule 182b applies b If boats are overlapped when the first of them reaches the zone the outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give the inside boat markroom If a boat is clear ahead when she reaches the zone the boat clear astern at that moment shall thereafter give her markroom c When a boat is required to give markroom by rule 182b 1 she shall continue to do so even if later an overlap is broken or a new overlap begins 2 if she becomes overlapped inside the boat entitled to markroom she shall also give that boat room to sail her propercourse while they remain overlapped However if the boat entitled to markroom passes head to wind or leaves the zone rule 182b ceases to apply Part 2 WHEN BOATS MEET 15d If there is reasonable doubt that a boat obtained or broke an overlap in time it shall be presumed that she did not e If a boat obtained an inside overlap from clearastern or by tacking to windward of the other boat and from the time the overlap began the outside boat has been unable to give markroom she is not required to give it 183 Tacking in the ZoneIf a boat in the zone passes head to wind and is then on the same tackas a boat that is fetching the mark rule 182 does not thereafter apply between them The boat that changed tacka shall not cause the other boat to sail above closehauled to avoid contact or prevent the other boat from passing the markon the required side and b shall give markroom if the other boat becomes overlapped inside her 184 GybingWhen an inside overlapped rightofway boat must gybe at a mark to sail her proper course until she gybes she shall sail no farther from the mark than needed to sail that course Rule 184 does not apply at a gate mark 19 ROOM TO PASS AN OBSTRUCTION 191 When Rule 19 Applies Rule 19 applies between boats at an obstruction except when it is also a mark the boats are required to leave on the same side However at a continuing obstruction rule 19 always applies and rule 18 does not 192 Giving Room at an Obstruction a A rightofway boat may choose to pass an obstruction on either side b When boats are overlapped the outside boat shall give the inside boat room between her and the obstruction unless she has been unable to do so from the time the overlap began c While boats are passing a continuing obstruction if a boat that was clearastern and required to keep clear becomes Part 2 WHEN BOATS MEET 16overlapped between the other boat and the obstruction and at the moment the overlap begins there is not room for her to pass between them she is not entitled to room under rule 192b While the boats remain overlapped she shall keep clear and rules 10 and 11 do not apply 20 ROOM TO TACK AT AN OBSTRUCTION 201 HailingWhen approaching an obstruction a boat may hail for room to tack and avoid a boat on the same tack However she shall not hail if a she can avoid the obstruction safely without making a substantial course change b she is sailing below closehauled or c the obstruction is a mark and a boat that is fetching it would be required to respond and change course 202 Respondinga After a boat hails she shall give the hailed boat time to respond b The hailed boat shall respond even if the hail breaks rule 201 c The hailed boat shall respond either by tacking as soon as possible or by immediately replying You tack and then giving the hailing boat room to tack and avoid her d When the hailed boat responds the hailing boat shalltack as soon as possible e From the time a boat hails until she has tacked and avoided the hailed boat rule 182 does not apply between them203 Passing On a Hail to an Additional Boat When a boat has been hailed for room to tack and she intends to respond by tacking she may hail another boat on the same tack for room to tack and avoid her She may hail even if her hail does not meet the conditions of rule 201 Rule 202 applies between her and the boat she hails Part 2 WHEN BOATS MEET 1721 EXONERATION When a boat is sailing within the room or markroom to which she is entitled under a rule of Section C she shall be exonerated if in an incident with a boat required to give her that room or markroom a she breaks a rule of Section A rule 15 or rule 16 or b she is compelled to break rule 31 SECTION D OTHER RULES When rule 22 or 23 applies between two boats Section A rules do not22 STARTING ERRORS TAKING PENALTIES MOVING ASTERN 221 A boat sailing towards the prestart side of the starting line or one of its extensions after her starting signalto start or tocomply with rule 301 shall keep clear of a boat not doing so until she is completely on the prestart side 222 A boat taking a penalty shall keep clear of one that is not 223 A boat moving astern through the water by backing a sail shall keep clear of one that is not23 CAPSIZED ANCHORED OR AGROUND RESCUING If possible a boat shall avoid a boat that is capsized or has not regained control after capsizing is anchored or aground or is trying to help a person or vessel in danger A boat is capsized when her masthead is in the water 24 INTERFERING WITH ANOTHER BOAT 241 If reasonably possible a boat not racing shall not interfere with a boat that is racing242 Except when sailing her proper course a boat shall not interfere with a boat taking a penalty or sailing on another leg 18PART 3 CONDUCT OF A RACE 25 NOTICE OF RACE SAILING INSTRUCTIONS AND SIGNALS 251 The notice of race and sailing instructions shall be made available to each boat before a race begins 252 The meanings of the visual and sound signals stated in Race Signals shall not be changed except under rule 861b The meanings of any other signals that may be used shall be stated in the sailing instructions 253 A race committee may display a visual signal by using either a flag or other object of a similar appearance 26 STARTING RACESRaces shall be started by using the following signals Times shall be taken from the visual signals the absence of a sound signal shall be disregarded Minutes before starting signalVisual signal Sound signal Means 5 Class flag One Warning signal 4 P I Z Z with I or black flag One Preparatory signal 1 Preparatory flag removed One long One minute 0 Class flag removed One Starting signal or as stated in the sailing instructions The warning signal for each succeeding class shall be made with or after the starting signal of the preceding class Part 3 CONDUCT OF A RACE 1927 OTHER RACE COMMITTEE ACTIONS BEFORE THE STARTING SIGNAL 271 No later than the warning signal the race committee shall signal or otherwise designate the course to be sailed if the sailing instructions have not stated the course and it may replace one course signal with another and signal that wearing personal flotation devicesis required display flag Y with one sound 272 No later than the preparatory signal the race committee may move a starting mark 273 Before the starting signal the race committee may for any reason postpone display flag AP AP over H or AP over A with two sounds or abandon the race display flag N over H or N over A with three sounds 28 SAILING THE COURSE 281 A boat shall start sail the course described in the sailing instructions and finish While doing so she may leave on either side a mark that does not begin bound or end the leg she is sailing After finishingshe need not cross the finishing line completely 282 A string representing a boats track from the time she begins to approach the starting line from its prestart side to start until she finishes shall when drawn tauta pass each mark on the required side and in the correct order b touch each rounding mark and c pass between the marks of a gate from the direction of the previous mark She may correct any errors to comply with this rule provided she has not finished 29 RECALLS 291 Individual Recall When at a boats starting signal any part of her hull crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line or she must comply with rule 301 the race committee shall promptly display flag X with one sound The flag shall be displayed until all such boats have sailed completely to the prestart side of the starting line or one of its extensions and have complied with rule 301 if it Part 3 CONDUCT OF A RACE 20applies but no later than four minutes after the starting signal or one minute before any later starting signal whichever is earlier If rule 303 applies this rule does not292 General Recall When at the starting signal the race committee is unable to identify boats that are on the course side of the starting line or to which rule 30 applies or there has been an error in the starting procedure the race committee may signal a general recall display the First Substitute with two sounds The warning signal for a new start for the recalled class shall be made one minute after the First Substitute is removed one sound and the starts for any succeeding classes shall follow the new start 30 STARTING PENALTIES301 I Flag Rule If flag I has been displayed and any part of a boats hull crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line or one of its extensions during the last minute before her starting signal she shall thereafter sail from the course side across an extension to the prestart side before starting 302 Z Flag Rule If flag Z has been displayed no part of a boats hull crew or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the starting line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal If a boat breaks this rule and is identified she shall receive without a hearing a 20 Scoring Penalty calculated as stated in rule 443c She shall be penalized even if the race is restarted or resailed but not if it is postponed or abandoned before the starting signal If she is similarly identified during a subsequent attempt to start the same race she shall receive an additional 20 Scoring Penalty 303 Black Flag Rule If a black flag has been displayed no part of a boats hull crew or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the starting line and the first mark during the last minute before her starting signal If a boat breaks this rule and is identified she shall be disqualified without a hearing even if the race is restarted or resailed but not if it is postponed or abandoned before the starting Part 3 CONDUCT OF A RACE 21signal If a general recall is signalled or the race is abandoned after the starting signal the race committee shall display her sail number before the next warning signal for that race and if the race is restarted or resailed she shall not sail in it If she does so her shall not be excluded in calculating her series score31 TOUCHING A MARK While racing a boat shall not touch a starting mark before starting a mark that begins bounds or ends the leg of the course on which she is sailing or a finishing mark after OR ABANDONING AFTER THE START321 After the starting signal the race committee may shorten the course display flag S with two sounds or abandon the race display flag N N over H or N over A with three sounds as appropriate a because of an error in the starting procedure b because of foul weather c because of insufficient wind making it unlikely that any boat will finish within the time limit d because a mark is missing or out of position or e for any other reason directly affecting the safety or fairness of the competition or may shorten the course so that other scheduled races can be sailed However after one boat has sailed the course and finished within the time limit if any the race committee shall not abandon the race without considering the consequences for all boats in the race or series 322 If the race committee signals a shortened course displays flag S with two sounds the finishing line shall be a at a rounding mark between the mark and a staff displaying flag S b at a line boats are required to cross at the end of each lap that line c at a gate between the gate marks The shortened course shall be signalled before the first boat crosses the finishing line Part 3 CONDUCT OF A RACE 2233 CHANGING THE NEXT LEG OF THE COURSE The race committee may change a leg of the course that begins at a rounding mark or at a gate by changing the position of the next markor the finishing line and signalling all boats before they begin the leg The next mark need not be in position at that time a If the direction of the leg will be changed the signal shall be the display of flag C with repetitive sounds and either 1 the new compass bearing or 2 a green triangle for a change to starboard or a red rectangle for a change to port b If the length of the leg will be changed the signal shall be the display of flag C with repetitive sounds and a if the length will be decreased or a if it will be increasedc Subsequent legs may be changed without further signalling to maintain the course shape 34 MARK MISSING If a mark is missing or out of position the race committee shall if possible a replace it in its correct position or substitute a new one of similar appearance or b substitute an object displaying flag M and make repetitive sound signals 35 TIME LIMIT AND SCORES If one boat sails the course as required by rule 28 and finishes within the time limit if any all boats that finish shall be scored according to their finishing places unless the race is abandoned If no boat finisheswithin the time limit the race committee shall abandon the race 36 RACES RESTARTED OR RESAILED If a race is restarted or resailed a breach of a rule other than rule 303 in the original race shall not prohibit a boat from competing or except under rule 302 303 or 69 cause her to be penalized 23PART 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING Part 4 rules apply only to boats racing However rule 55 applies at all times when boats are on the water40 PERSONAL FLOTATION DEVICES When flag Y is displayed with one sound before or with the warning signal competitors shall wear personal flotation devices except briefly while changing or adjusting clothing or personal equipment Wet suits and dry suits are not personal flotation devices 41 OUTSIDE HELP A boat shall not receive help from any outside source except a help for a crew member who is ill injured or in danger b after a collision help from the crew of the other vessel to get clear c help in the form of information freely available to all boats d unsolicited information from a disinterested source which may be another boat in the same race However a boat that gains a significant advantage in the race from help received under rule 41a may be protested and penalized any penalty may be less than 42 PROPULSION 421 Basic Rule Except when permitted in rule 423 or 45 a boat shall compete by using only the wind and water to increase maintain or decrease her speed Her crew may adjust the trim of sails and hull and perform other acts of seamanship but shall not otherwise move their bodies to propel the boat Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 24422 Prohibited Actions Without limiting the application of rule 421 these actions are prohibited a pumping repeated fanning of any sail either by pulling in and releasing the sail or by vertical or athwartship body movement b rocking repeated rolling of the boat induced by 1 body movement 2 repeated adjustment of the sails or centreboard or 3 steering c ooching sudden forward body movement stopped abruptly d sculling repeated movement of the helm that is either forceful or that propels the boat forward or prevents her from moving astern e repeated tacks or gybes unrelated to changes in the wind or to tactical considerations 423 Exceptions a A boat may be rolled to facilitate steering b A boats crew may move their bodies to exaggerate the rolling that facilitates steering the boat through a tack or a gybeprovided that just after the tack or gybe is completed the boats speed is not greater than it would have been in the absence of the tack or gybec Except on a beat to windward when surfing rapidly accelerating down the front of a wave or planing is possible the boats crew may pull in any sail in order to initiate surfing or planing but each sail may be pulled in only once for each wave or gust of wind d When a boat is above a closehauled course and either stationary or moving slowly she may scull to turn to a closehauled course e If a batten is inverted the boats crew may pump the sail until the batten is no longer inverted This action is not permitted if it clearly propels the boat f A boat may reduce speed by repeatedly moving her helm Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 25g Any means of propulsion may be used to help a person or another vessel in danger h To get clear after grounding or colliding with a vessel or object a boat may use force applied by her crew or the crew of the other vessel and any equipment other than a propulsion engine However the use of an engine may be permitted by rule 423i i Sailing instructions may in stated circumstances permit propulsion using an engine or any other method provided the boat does not gain a significant advantage in the race Note of rule 42 are available at the ISAF website or by mail upon request 43 COMPETITOR CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT 431 a Competitors shall not wear or carry clothing or equipment for the purpose of increasing their weight b Furthermore a competitors clothing and equipment shall not weigh more than 8 kilograms excluding a hiking or trapeze harness and clothing including footwear worn only below the knee Class rules or sailing instructions may specify a lower weight or a higher weight up to 10 kilograms Class rules may include footwear and other clothing worn below the knee within that weight A hiking or trapeze harness shall have positive buoyancy and shall not weigh more than 2 kilograms except that class rules may specify a higher weight up to 4 kilograms Weights shall be determined as required by Appendix H c When an equipment inspector or a measurer in charge of weighing clothing and equipment believes a competitor may have broken rule 431a or 431b he shall report the matter in writing to the race committee 432 Rule 431b does not apply to boats required to be equipped with lifelines Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 2644 PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT 441 Taking a Penalty A boat may take a TwoTurns Penalty when she may have broken one or more rules of Part 2 in an incident while racing She may take a OneTurn Penalty when she may have broken rule 31 Alternatively sailing instructions may specify the use of the Scoring Penalty or some other penalty in which case the specified penalty shall replace the OneTurn and the TwoTurns Penalty However a when a boat may have broken a rule of Part 2 and rule 31 in the same incident she need not take the penalty for breaking rule 31 b if the boat caused injury or serious damage or despite taking a penalty gained a significant advantage in the race or series by her breach her penalty shall be to retire 442 OneTurn and TwoTurns Penalties After getting well clear of other boats as soon after the incident as possible a boat takes a OneTurn or TwoTurns Penalty by promptly making the required number of turns in the same direction each turn including one tack and one gybe When a boat takes the penalty at or near the finishing line she shall sail completely to the course side of the line before finishing443 Scoring Penalty a A boat takes a Scoring Penalty by displaying a yellow flag at the first reasonable opportunity after the incident b When a boat has taken a Scoring Penalty she shall keep the yellow flag displayed until finishing and call the race committees attention to it at the finishing line At that time she shall also inform the race committee of the identity of the other boat involved in the incident If this is impracticable she shall do so at the first reasonable opportunity and within the time limit for protests c The race score for a boat that takes a Scoring Penalty shall be the score she would have received without that penalty made worse by the number of places stated in the sailing instructions However she shall not be scored worse than Did Not Finish When the sailing instructions do not state the number of places the number shall be the whole number rounding 05 upward Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 27nearest to 20 of the number of boats entered The scores of other boats shall not be changed therefore two boats may receive the same score 45 HAULING OUT MAKING FAST ANCHORING A boat shall be afloat and off moorings at her preparatory signal Thereafter she shall not be hauled out or made fast except to bail out reef sails or make repairs She may anchor or the crew may stand on the bottom She shall recover the anchor before continuing in the race unless she is unable to do so 46 PERSON IN CHARGE A boat shall have on board a person in charge designated by the member or organization that entered the boat See rule 75 47 LIMITATIONS ON EQUIPMENT AND CREW 471 A boat shall use only the equipment on board at her preparatory signal 472 No person on board shall intentionally leave except when ill or injured or to help a person or vessel in danger or to swim A person leaving the boat by accident or to swim shall be back on board before the boat continues in the race 48 FOG SIGNALS AND LIGHTS TRAFFIC SEPARATION SCHEMES 481 When safety requires a boat shall sound fog signals and show lights as required by the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea IRPCAS or applicable government rules 482 A boat shall comply with rule 10 Traffic Separation Schemes of the IRPCAS 49 CREW POSITION LIFELINES 491 Competitors shall use no device designed to position their bodies outboard other than hiking straps and stiffeners worn under the thighs 492 When lifelines are required by the class rules or the sailing instructions they shall be taut and competitors shall not position any Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 28part of their torsos outside them except briefly to perform a necessary task On boats equipped with upper and lower lifelines a competitor sitting on the deck facing outboard with his waist inside the lower lifeline may have the upper part of his body outside the upper lifeline If the class rules do not specify the material or minimum diameter of lifelines they shall comply with the corresponding specifications in the ISAF Offshore Special Regulations Note The ISAF Offshore Special Regulations are available at the ISAF website 50 SETTING AND SHEETING SAILS 501 Changing Sails When headsails or spinnakers are being changed a replacing sail may be fully set and trimmed before the replaced sail is lowered However only one mainsail and except when changing only one spinnaker shall be carried set at a time 502 Spinnaker Poles Whisker Poles Only one spinnaker pole or whisker pole shall be used at a time except when gybing When in use it shall be attached to the foremost mast 503 Use of Outriggers a No sail shall be sheeted over or through an outrigger except as permitted in rule 503b or 503c An outrigger is any fitting or other device so placed that it could exert outward pressure on a sheet or sail at a point from which with the boat upright a vertical line would fall outside the hull or deck For the purpose of this rule bulwarks rails and rubbing strakes are not part of the hull or deck and the following are not outriggers a bowsprit used to secure the tack of a sail a bumkin used to sheet the boom of a sail or a boom of a boomed headsail that requires no adjustment when tacking b Any sail may be sheeted to or led above a boom that is regularly used for a sail and is permanently attached to the mast from which the head of the sail is set c A headsail may be sheeted or attached at its clew to a spinnaker pole or whisker pole provided that a spinnaker is not set Part 4 OTHER REQUIREMENTS WHEN RACING 29504 Headsails For the purposes of rules 50 and 54 and Appendix G the difference between a headsail and a spinnaker is that the width of a headsail measured between the midpoints of its luff and leech is less than 75 of the length of its foot A sail tacked down behind the foremost mast is not a headsail 51 MOVABLE BALLAST All movable ballast including sails that are not set shall be properly stowed Water dead weight or ballast shall not be moved for the purpose of changing trim or stability Floorboards bulkheads doors stairs and water tanks shall be left in place and all cabin fixtures kept on board However bilge water may be bailed out 52 MANUAL POWER A boats standing rigging running rigging spars and movable hull appendages shall be adjusted and operated only by the power provided by the crew 53 SKIN FRICTION A boat shall not eject or release a substance such as a polymer or have specially textured surfaces that could improve the character of the flow of water inside the boundary layer 54 FORESTAYS AND HEADSAIL TACKS Forestays and headsail tacks except those of spinnaker staysails when the boat is not closehauled shall be attached approximately on a boats centreline 55 TRASH DISPOSAL A competitor shall not intentionally put trash in the water 30PART 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS SECTION A PROTESTS REDRESS RULE 69 ACTION 60 RIGHT TO PROTEST RIGHT TO REQUEST REDRESS OR RULE 69 ACTION601 A boat may a protest another boat but not for an alleged breach of a rule of Part 2 or rule 31 unless she was involved in or saw the incident or b request redress 602 A race committee may a protest a boat but not as a result of information arising from a request for redress or an invalid protest or from a report from an interested party other than the representative of the boat herselfb request redress for a boat or c report to the protest committee requesting action under rule 692a However when the race committee receives a report required by rule 431c or 783 it shall protest the boat 603 A protest committee may a protest a boat but not as a result of information arising from a request for redress or an invalid protest or from a report from an interested party other than the representative of the boat herselfHowever it may protest a boat 1 if it learns of an incident involving her that may have resulted in injury or serious damage or 2 if during the hearing of a valid protest it learns that the boat although not a party to the hearing was involved in the incident and may have broken a rule LAtKZfNc1Jmhxm uwvj5dt58DG 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 31b call a hearing to consider redress or c act under rule 692a 61 PROTEST Informing the Protestee a A boat intending to protest shall inform the other boat at the first reasonable opportunity When her protest will concern an incident in the racing area that she was involved in or saw she shall hail Protest and conspicuously display a red flag at the first reasonable opportunity for each She shall display the flag until she is no longer racing However1 if the other boat is beyond hailing distance the protesting boat need not hail but she shall inform the other boat at the first reasonable opportunity 2 if the hull length of the protesting boat is less than 6 metres she need not display a red flag 3 if the incident was an error by the other boat in sailing the course she need not hail or display a red flag but she shall inform the other boat before that boat finishes or at the first reasonable opportunity after she finishes 4 if the incident results in damage or injury that is obvious to the boats involved and one of them intends to protest the requirements of this rule do not apply to her but she shall attempt to inform the other boat within the time limit of rule 613 b If the race committee or protest committee intends to protest a boat concerning an incident the committee observed in the racing area it shall inform her after the race within the time limit of rule 613 In other cases the committee shall inform the boat of its intention to protest as soon as reasonably possible c If the protest committee decides to protest a boat under rule 603a2 it shall inform her as soon as reasonably possible close the current hearing proceed as required by rules 612 and 63 and hear the original and the new protests together Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 32612 Protest ContentsA protest shall be in writing and identify a the protestor and protestee b the incident including where and when it occurred c any rule the protestor believes was broken and d the name of the protestors representative However if requirement b is met requirement a may be met at any time before the hearing and requirements c and d may be met before or during the hearing 613 Protest Time Limit A protest by a boat or by the race committee or protest committee about an incident the committee observed in the racing area shall be delivered to the race office within the time limit stated in the sailing instructions If none is stated the time limit is two hours after the last boat in the race finishes Other race committee or protest committee protests shall be delivered to the race office no later than two hours after the committee receives the relevant information The protest committee shall extend the time if there is good reason to do so 62 REDRESS621 A request for redress or a protest committees decision to consider redress shall be based on a claim or possibility that a boats score in a race or series has been or may be through no fault of her own made significantly worse by a an improper action or omission of the race committee protest committee organizing authority equipment inspection committee or measurement committee for the event but not by a protest committee decision when the boat was a party to the hearing b injury or physical damage because of the action of a boat that was breaking a rule of Part 2 or of a vessel not racing that was required to keep clear c giving help except to herself or her crew in compliance with rule 11 or Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 33d an action of a boat or a member of her crew that resulted in a penalty under rule 2 or a penalty or warning under rule 692c 622 A request shall be in writing and identify the reason for making it If the request is based on an incident in the racing area it shall be delivered to the race office within the protest time limit or two hours after the incident whichever is later Other requests shall be delivered as soon as reasonably possible after learning of the reasons for making the request The protest committee shall extend the time if there is good reason to do so No red flag is required SECTION B HEARINGS AND DECISIONS 63 HEARINGS631 Requirement for a Hearing A boat or competitor shall not be penalized without a protest hearing except as provided in rules 302 303 69 A5 and P2 A decision on redress shall not be made without a hearing The protest committee shall hear all protests and requests for redress that have been delivered to the race office unless it allows a protest or request to be withdrawn 632 Time and Place of the Hearing Time for Parties to Prepare All parties to the hearing shall be notified of the time and place of the hearing the protest or redress information shall be made available to them and they shall be allowed reasonable time to prepare for the hearing 633 Right to Be Present a The parties to the hearing or a representative of each have the right to be present throughout the hearing of all the evidence When a protest claims a breach of a rule of Part 2 3 or 4 the of boats shall have been on board at the time of the incident unless there is good reason for the protest committee to rule otherwise Any witness other than a member of the protest committee shall be excluded except when giving evidence Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 34b If a party to the hearing of a protest or request for redress does not come to the hearing the protest committee may nevertheless decide the protest or request If the party was unavoidably absent the committee may reopen the hearing 634 Interested Party A member of a protest committee who is an interested party shall not take any further part in the hearing but may appear as a witness Protest committee members must declare any possible selfinterest as soon as they are aware of it A party to the hearing who believes a member of the protest committee is an interested party shall object as soon as possible 635 Validity of the Protest or Request for Redress At the beginning of the hearing the protest committee shall take any evidence it considers necessary to decide whether all requirements for the protest or request for redress have been met If they have been met the protest or request is valid and the hearing shall be continued If not the committee shall declare the protest or request invalid and close the hearing If the protest has been made under rule 603a1 the committee shall also determine whether or not injury or serious damage resulted from the incident in question If not the hearing shall be closed636 Taking Evidence and Finding Facts The protest committee shall take the evidence of the parties present at the hearing and of their witnesses and other evidence it considers necessary A member of the protest committee who saw the incident shall while the parties are present state that fact and may give evidence A party present at the hearing may question any person who gives evidence The committee shall then find the facts and base its decision on them 637Conflict Between the Notice of Race and the Sailing Instructions If there is a conflict between a rule in the notice of race and one in the sailing instructions that must be resolved before the protest committee can decide a protest or request for redress the committee shall apply the rule that it believes will provide the fairest result for all boats affected Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 35638 Protests Between Boats in Different Races A protest between boats sailing in different races conducted by different organizing authorities shall be heard by a protest committee acceptable to those authorities 64 DECISIONS641 Penalties and the protest committee decides that a boat that is a party to a protest hearing has broken a rule and is not exoneratedit shall disqualify her unless some other penalty applies A penalty shall be imposed whether or not the applicable rule was mentioned in the protest If a boat has broken a rule when not racing her penalty shall apply to the race sailed nearest in time to that of the incident However a when as a consequence of breaking a rule a boat has compelled another boat to break a rule the other boat shall be exonerated b if a boat has taken an applicable penalty she shall not be further penalized under this rule unless the penalty for a ruleshe broke is a that is not excludable from her series score c if the race is restarted or resailed rule 36 applies 642 Decisions on Redress When the protest committee decides that a boat is entitled to redress under rule 62 it shall make as fair an arrangement as possible for all boats affected whether or not they asked for redress This may be to adjust the scoring see rule A10 for some examples or finishing times of boats to abandon the race to let the results stand or to make some other arrangement When in doubt about the facts or probable results of any arrangement for the race or series especially before abandoning the race the protest committee shall take evidence from appropriate sources 643 Decisions on Protests Concerning Class Rules a When the protest committee finds that deviations in excess of tolerances specified in the class rules were caused by damage or normal wear and do not improve the performance of the boat it shall not penalize her However the boat shall not raceagain until the deviations have been corrected except when the Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 36protest committee decides there is or has been no reasonable opportunity to do so b When the protest committee is in doubt about the meaning of a class rule it shall refer its questions together with the relevant facts to an authority responsible for interpreting the rule In making its decision the committee shall be bound by the reply of the authority c When a boat disqualified under a class rule states in writing that she intends to appeal she may compete in subsequent races without changes to the boat but shall be disqualified if she fails to appeal or the appeal is decided against her d Measurement costs arising from a protest involving a class rule shall be paid by the unsuccessful party unless the protest committee decides otherwise 65 INFORMING THE PARTIES AND OTHERS 651 After making its decision the protest committee shall promptly inform the parties to the hearing of the facts found the applicable rulesthe decision the reasons for it and any penalties imposed or redress given 652 A party to the hearing is entitled to receive the above information in writing provided she asks for it in writing from the protest committee no later than seven days after being informed of the decision The committee shall then promptly provide the information including when relevant a diagram of the incident prepared or endorsed by the committee 653 When the protest committee penalizes a boat under a measurement rule it shall send the above information to the relevant measurement authorities 66 REOPENING A HEARINGThe protest committee may reopen a hearing when it decides that it may have made a significant error or when significant new evidence becomes available within a reasonable time It shall reopen a hearing when required by the national authority under rule 712 or R5 A party to the hearing may ask for a reopening no later than 24 hours after being informed of the decision When a hearing is reopened a Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 37majority of the members of the protest committee shall if possible be members of the original protest committee 67 DAMAGESThe question of damages arising from a breach of any rule shall be governed by the prescriptions if any of the national authority Note There is no rule 68 SECTION C GROSS MISCONDUCT 69 ALLEGATIONS OF GROSS MISCONDUCT691 Obligation not to Commit Gross Misconduct a A competitor shall not commit gross misconduct including a gross breach of a rule good manners or sportsmanship or conduct bringing the sport into disrepute Throughout rule 69 competitor means a member of the crew or the owner of a boat b An allegation of a breach of rule 691a shall be resolved in accordance with the provisions of rule 69 692 Action by a Protest Committee a When a protest committee from its own observation or a report received from any source believes that a competitor may have broken rule 691a it may call a hearing If the protest committee decides to call a hearing it shall promptly inform the competitor in writing of the alleged breach and of the time and place of the hearing If the competitor provides good reason for being unable to attend the hearing the protest committee shall reschedule it b A protest committee of at least three members shall conduct the hearing following the procedures in rules 632 633a 634 and 636 c If it is established to the comfortable satisfaction of the protest committee bearing in mind the seriousness of the alleged misconduct that the competitor has broken rule 691a it shall either Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 381 warn the competitor or 2 impose a penalty by excluding the competitor and when appropriate disqualifying a boat from a race or the remaining races or all races of the series or by taking other action within its jurisdiction A under this rule shall not be excluded from the boats series score If the standard of proof in this rule conflicts with the laws of a country the national authority may with the approval of the ISAF change it with a prescription to this rule d The protest committee shall promptly report a penalty but not a warning to the national authorities of the venue of the competitor and of the boat owner If the protest committee is an international jury appointed by the ISAF under rule 892b it shall send a copy of the report to the ISAF e If the competitor does not provide good reason for being unable to attend the hearing and does not come to it the protest committee may conduct it without the competitor present If the committee does so and penalizes the competitor it shall include in the report it makes under rule 692d the facts found the decision and the reasons for it f If the protest committee chooses not to conduct the hearing without the competitor present or if the hearing cannot be scheduled for a time and place when it would be reasonable for the competitor to attend the protest committee shall collect all available information and if the allegation seems justified make a report to the relevant national authorities If the protest committee is an international jury appointed by the ISAF under rule 892b it shall send a copy of the report to the ISAF g When the protest committee has left the event and a report alleging a breach of rule 691a is received the race committee or organizing authority may appoint a new protest committee to proceed under this rule 693 Action by a National Authority or Initial Action by the ISAF a When a national authority or the ISAF receives a report alleging a breach of rule 691a or a report required by rule 692d or 692f it shall conduct an investigation in accordance with its established procedures and when Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 39appropriate conduct a hearing It may then take any disciplinary action within its jurisdiction it considers appropriate against the competitor or boat or other person involved including suspending eligibility permanently or for a specified period of time to compete in any event held within its jurisdiction and suspending ISAF eligibility under ISAF Regulation 19 The national authority shall promptly inform the other national authorities involved and the ISAF of its decision and reasons even if its decision is to take no further action b The national authority of a competitor shall also suspend the ISAF eligibility of the competitor as required in ISAF Regulation 19 c The national authority shall promptly report a suspension of eligibility under rule 693a to the ISAF and to the national authorities of the person or the owner of the boat suspended if they are not members of the suspending national authority 694 Subsequent Action by the ISAF Upon receipt of a report required by rule 693c or ISAF Regulation 19 or following its own action under rule 693a the ISAF shall inform all national authorities which may also suspend eligibility for events held within their jurisdiction The ISAF Executive Committee shall suspend the competitors ISAF eligibility as required in ISAF Regulation 19 if the competitors national authority does not do so SECTION D APPEALS 70 APPEALS AND REQUESTS TO A NATIONAL AUTHORITY 701 a Provided that the right of appeal has not been denied under rule 705 a party to a hearing may appeal a protest committees decision or its procedures but not the facts found b A boat may appeal when she is denied a hearing required by rule 631 702 A protest committee may request confirmation or correction of its decision Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 40703 An appeal under rule 701 or a request by a protest committee under rule 702 shall be sent to the national authority with which the organizing authority is associated under rule 891 However if boats will pass through the waters of more than one national authority while racing the sailing instructions shall identify the national authority to which appeals or requests are required to be sent 704 A club or other organization affiliated to a national authority may request an interpretation of the rules provided that no protest or request for redress that may be appealed is involved The interpretation shall not be used for changing a previous protest committee decision 705 There shall be no appeal from the decisions of an international jury constituted in compliance with Appendix N Furthermore if the notice of race and the sailing instructions so state the right of appeal may be denied provided that a it is essential to determine promptly the result of a race that will qualify a boat to compete in a later stage of an event or a subsequent event a national authority may prescribe that its approval is required for such a procedure b a national authority so approves for a particular event open only to entrants under its own jurisdiction or c a national authority after consultation with the ISAF so approves for a particular event provided the protest committee is constituted as required by Appendix N except that only two members of the protest committee need be International Judges 706 Appeals and requests shall conform to Appendix R 71 NATIONAL No interested party or member of the protest committee shall take any part in the discussion or decision on an appeal or a request for confirmation or correction 712 The national authority may uphold change or reverse the protest committees decision declare the protest or request for redress invalid or return the protest or request for the hearing to be reopened or for a new hearing and decision by the same or a Part 5 PROTESTS REDRESS HEARINGS MISCONDUCT AND APPEALS 41different protest committee When the national authority decides that there shall be a new hearing it may appoint the protest committee713 When from the facts found by the protest committee the national authority decides that a boat that was a party to a protest hearing broke a rule it shall penalize her whether or not that boat or that rule was mentioned in the protest committees decision714 The decision of the national authority shall be final The national authority shall send its decision in writing to allparties to the hearing and the protest committee who shall be bound by the decision 42PART 6 ENTRY AND QUALIFICATION 75 ENTERING A RACE751 To enter a race a boat shall comply with the requirements of the organizing authority of the race She shall be entered by a a member of a club or other organization affiliated to an ISAF member national authority b such a club or organization or c a member of an ISAF member national authority 752 Competitors shall comply with ISAF Regulation 19 Eligibility Code 76 EXCLUSION OF BOATS OR COMPETITORS 761 The organizing authority or the race committee may reject or cancel the entry of a boat or exclude a competitor subject to rule 763 provided it does so before the start of the first race and states the reason for doing so On request the boat shall promptly be given the reason in writing The boat may request redress if she considers that the rejection or exclusion is improper 762 The organizing authority or the race committee shall not reject or cancel the entry of a boat or exclude a competitor because of advertising provided the boat or competitor complies with ISAF Regulation 20 Advertising Code 763 At world and continental championships no entry within stated quotas shall be rejected or cancelled without first obtaining the approval of the relevant ISAF Class Association or the Offshore Racing Council or the ISAF 77 IDENTIFICATION ON SAILSA boat shall comply with the requirements of Appendix G governing class insignia national letters and numbers on sails Part 6 ENTRY AND QUALIFICATION 4378 COMPLIANCE WITH CLASS RULES CERTIFICATES 781 A boats owner and any other person in charge shall ensure that the boat is maintained to comply with her class rules and that her measurement or rating certificate if any remains valid 782 When a rule requires a valid certificate to be produced or its existence verified before a boat races and this cannot be done the boat may race provided that the race committee receives a statement signed by the person in charge that the boat has a valid certificate If the certificate is not produced or verified before the end of the event the boat shall be disqualified from all races of the event783 When an equipment inspector or a measurer for an event decides that a boat or personal equipment does not comply with the class rules he shall report the matter in writing to the race If the notice of race or class rules state that some or all competitors must satisfy classification requirements the classification shall be carried out as described in ISAF Regulation 22 Sailor Classification Code 80 ADVERTISINGA boat and her crew shall comply with ISAF Regulation 20 Advertising Code 81 RESCHEDULED EVENTWhen an event is rescheduled to dates different from the dates stated in the notice of race all boats entered shall be notified The race committee may accept new entries that meet all the entry requirements except the original deadline for entries 44PART 7 RACE ORGANIZATION 85 GOVERNING RULES The organizing authority race committee and protest committee shall be governed by the rules in the conduct and judging of races 86 CHANGES TO THE RACING RULES861 A racing rule shall not be changed unless permitted in the rule itself or as follows a Prescriptions of a national authority may change a racing rule but not the Definitions a rule in the Introduction Sportsmanship and the Rules Part 1 2 or 7 rule 42 43 69 70 71 75 763 79 or 80 a rule of an appendix that changes one of these rules Appendix H or N or ISAF Regulation 19 20 21 or 22 b Sailing instructions may change a racing rule by referring specifically to it and stating the change but not rules 761 or 762 Appendix R or a rule listed in rule 861ac Class rules may change only racing rules 42 49 50 51 52 53 and 54 Such changes shall refer specifically to the rule and state the change 862 In exception to rule 861 the ISAF may in limited circumstances see ISAF Regulation 2813 authorize changes to the racing rules for a specific international event The authorization shall be stated in a letter of approval to the event organizing authority and in the notice of race and sailing instructions and the letter shall be posted on the events official notice board 863 If a national authority so prescribes the restrictions in rule 861do not apply if rules are changed to develop or test proposed rules The national authority may prescribe that its approval is required for such changesPart 7 RACE ORGANIZATION 4587 CHANGES TO CLASS RULES The sailing instructions may change a class rule only when the class rules permit the change or when written permission of the class association for the change is displayed on the official notice board 88 NATIONAL PRESCRIPTIONS 881 The prescriptions that apply to an event are the prescriptions of the national authority with which the organizing authority is associated under rule 891 However if boats will pass through the waters of more than one national authority while racing the sailing instructions shall identify the prescriptions that will apply and when they will apply 882 The sailing instructions may change a prescription However a national authority may restrict changes to its prescriptions with a prescription to this rule provided the ISAF approves its application to do so The restricted prescriptions shall not be changed by the sailing instructions 89 ORGANIZING AUTHORITY NOTICE OF RACE APPOINTMENT OF RACE OFFICIALS891 Organizing AuthorityRaces shall be organized by an organizing authority which shall be a the ISAF b a member national authority of the ISAF c an affiliated club d an affiliated organization other than a club and if so prescribed by the national authority with the approval of the national authority or in conjunction with an affiliated club e an unaffiliated class association either with the approval of the national authority or in conjunction with an affiliated club f two or more of the above organizations g an unaffiliated body in conjunction with an affiliated club where the body is owned and controlled by the club The national authority of the club may prescribe that its approval is required for such an event or Part 7 RACE ORGANIZATION 46h if approved by the ISAF and the national authority of the club an unaffiliated body in conjunction with an affiliated club where the body is not owned and controlled by the club In rule 891 an organization is affiliated if it is affiliated to the national authority of the venue otherwise the organization is unaffiliated However if boats will pass through the waters of more than one national authority while racing an organization is affiliated if it is affiliated to the national authority of one of the ports of call 892 Notice of Race Appointment of Race Officials a The organizing authority shall publish a notice of race that conforms to rule J1 The notice of race may be changed provided adequate notice is given b The organizing authority shallappoint a race committee and when appropriate appoint a protest committee and umpires However the race committee an international jury and umpires may be appointed by the ISAF as provided in the ISAF regulations90 RACE COMMITTEE SAILING INSTRUCTIONS SCORING 901 Race Committee The race committee shall conduct races as directed by the organizing authority and as required by the rules 902 Sailing Instructions a The race committee shall publishwritten sailing instructions that conform to rule J2 b When appropriate for an event where entries from other countries are expected the sailing instructions shall include in English the applicable national prescriptions c Changes to the sailing instructions shall be in writing and posted on the official notice board before the time stated in the sailing instructions or on the water communicated to each boat before her warning signal Oral changes may be given only on the water and only if the procedure is stated in the sailing instructions Part 7 RACE ORGANIZATION 47903 Scoringa The race committee shall score a race or series as provided in Appendix A using the Low Point System unless the sailing instructions specify some other system A race shall be scored if it is not abandoned and if one boat sails the course in compliance with rule 28 and finishes within the time limit if any even if she retires after finishing or is disqualified b When a scoring system provides for excluding one or more race scores from a boats series score the score for under rule 2 rule 303s last sentence rule 42 if rule P22 or P23 applies or rule 692c2 shall not be excluded The nextworse score shall be excluded instead c When the race committee determines from its own records or observations that it has scored a boat incorrectly it shall correct the error and make the corrected scores available to competitors91 PROTEST COMMITTEE A protest committee shall be a a committee appointed by the organizing authority or race committee or b an international jury appointed by the organizing authority or as prescribed in the ISAF regulations It shall be composed as required by rule N1 and have the authority and stated in rule N2 A national authority may prescribe that its approval is required for the appointment of international juries for races within its jurisdiction except ISAF events or when international juries are appointed by the ISAF under rule 892b 48APPENDIX A SCORING See rule 903A1 NUMBER OF RACES The number of races scheduled and the number required to be completed to constitute a series shall be stated in the sailing instructions A2 SERIES SCORES Each boats series score shall be the total of her race scores excluding her worst score The sailing instructions may make a different arrangement by providing for example that no score will be excluded that two or more scores will be excluded or that a specified number of scores will be excluded if a specified number of races are completed A race is completed if scored see rule 903a If a boat has two or more equal worst scores the scores for the races sailed earliest in the series shall be excluded The boat with the lowest series score wins and others shall be ranked accordingly A3 STARTING TIMES AND FINISHING PLACES The time of a boats starting signal shall be her starting time and the order in which boats finish a race shall determine their finishing places However when a handicap or rating system is used a boats corrected time shall determine her finishing placeA4 LOW POINT SYSTEM The Low Point System will apply unless the sailing instructions specify another system see rule 903a A41 Each boat starting and finishing and not thereafter retiring being penalized or given redress shall be scored points as follows Appendix A SCORING 49Finishing place PointsFirst 1 Second 2 Third 3 Fourth 4 Fifth 5 Sixth 6 Seventh 7 Each place thereafter Add 1 point A42 A boat that did not start did not finish retired or was disqualified shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series A boat that is penalized under rule 302 or that takes a penalty under rule 443a shall be scored points as provided in rule 443c A5 SCORES DETERMINED BY THE RACE COMMITTEE A boat that did not start comply with rule 302 or 303 or finish or that takes a penalty under rule 443a or retires shall be scored accordingly by the race committee without a hearing Only the protest committee may take other scoring actions that worsen a boats score A6 CHANGES IN PLACES AND SCORES OF OTHER BOATS A61 If a boat is disqualified from a race or retires after finishing each boat with a worse finishing place shall be moved up one place A62 If the protest committee decides to give redress by adjusting a boats score the scores of other boats shall not be changed unless the protest committee decides otherwise A7 RACE TIESIf boats are tied at the finishing line or if a handicap or rating system is used and boats have equal corrected times the points for the place for which the boats have tied and for the places immediately below shall be added together and divided equally Boats tied for a race prize shall share it or be given equal prizes Appendix A SCORING 50A8 SERIES TIES A81 If there is a seriesscore tie between two or more boats each boats race scores shall be listed in order of best to worst and at the first points where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the boats with the best scores No excluded scores shall be used A82 If a tie remains between two or more boats they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied boats scores in the nexttolast race and so on until all ties are broken These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores A9 RACE SCORES IN A SERIES LONGER THAN A REGATTA For a series that is held over a period of time longer than a regatta a boat that came to the starting area but did not start did not finish retired or was disqualified shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats that came to the starting area A boat that did not come to the starting area shall be scored points for the finishing place one more than the number of boats entered in the series A10 GUIDANCE ON REDRESS If the protest committee decides to give redress by adjusting a boats score for a race it is advised to consider scoring her a points equal to the average to the nearest tenth of a point 005 to be rounded upward of her points in all the races in the series except the race in question b points equal to the average to the nearest tenth of a point 005 to be rounded upward of her points in all the races before the race in question or c points based on the position of the boat in the race at the time of the incident that justified redress Appendix A SCORING 51A11 SCORING ABBREVIATIONS These scoring abbreviations shall be used for recording the circumstances described DNC Did not start did not come to the starting area DNS Did not start other than DNC and OCS OCS Did not start on the course side of the starting line at her starting signal and failed to start or broke rule 301 ZFP 20 penalty under rule 302 BFD under rule 303 SCP Took a Scoring Penalty under rule 443a DNF Did not finishRET Retired DSQ DNE other than DGM not excludable under rule 903b DGM for gross misconduct not excludable under rule 903b RDG Redress given DPI Discretionary penalty imposed 52APPENDIX B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES Windsurfing races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailingas changed by this appendixThe term boat elsewhere in the racing rules means board or boat as appropriate The term heat means one elimination race a round consists of several heats and an elimination series consists of one or morerounds However in speed competition a round consists of one or more speed runs A windsurfing event can include one or more of the following disciplines or their formats Discipline Formats Racing Course racing Slalom Marathon Expression Wave performance Freestyle Speed Standard Offshore Speed Course Speed Crossings Alpha Speed Course In racing or expression may compete in elimination series and only a limited number of them may advance from round to round A marathon race is a race scheduled to last more than one hour In expression competition a boards performance is judged on skill and variety rather than speed and is organized using elimination series Either wave performance or freestyle competition is organized depending on the wave conditions at the venue In speed competition a boards performance is based on her speed over a measured course Boards take turns sailing runs over the course CHANGES TO THE DEFINITIONS The definitions MarkRoom and Tack Starboard or Port are deleted and replaced by MarkRoom MarkRoom for a board is room to sail her propercourse to round or pass the mark However markroom for a board Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 53does not include room to tack unless she is overlapped inside and to windward of the board required to give markroom and she would be fetching the mark after her tack Tack Starboard or Port A board is on the tack starboard or port corresponding to the competitors hand that would be nearer the mast if the competitor were in normal sailing position with both hands on the wishbone and arms not crossed A board is on starboard tackwhen the competitors right hand would be nearer the mast and is on port tack whenthe competitors left hand would be nearer the mast The definition Zone is deleted Add the following definitions About to Round or Pass A board is about to round or pass a markwhen her proper course is to begin to manoeuvre to round or pass it Capsized A board is capsized when her sail or the competitor is in the water B1 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 1 No changesB2 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 2 13 WHILE TACKING Rule 13 is changed to After a board passes head to wind she shall keep clear of other boards until her sail has filled During that time rules 10 11 and 12 do not apply If two boards are subject to this rule at the same time the one on the others port side or the one astern shall keep clear 16 CHANGING COURSE Add new rule 163 163 When at the warning signal the course to the first mark is ninety degrees or more from the true wind a rightofway board shall not change course during the last minute before her starting signal if as a result the other board would need to take immediate action to avoid contact Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 5417 ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE Rule 17 is deleted 18 MARKROOM Rule 18 is changed as follows The first sentence of rule 181 is changed to Rule 18 begins to apply between boards when they are required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is about to round or pass it The rule no longer applies after the board entitled to markroom has passed the mark Rule 182b is changed to b If boards are overlapped when the first of them is about to round or pass the mark the outside board at that moment shall thereafter give the inside board markroom If a board is clear ahead when she is about to round or pass the mark the board clear astern at that moment shall thereafter give her markroom Rule 182c is changed to c When a board is required to give markroom by rule 182b she shall continue to do so even if later an overlap is broken or a new overlap begins However if the board entitled to markroom passes head to wind rule 182b ceases to apply 183 Tacking in the Zone Rule 183 is deleted 184 Gybing or Bearing Away Rule 184 is changed to When an inside overlapped rightofway board must gybe or bear away at a mark to sail her proper course until she gybes or bears away she shall sail no farther from the mark than needed to sail that course Rule 184 does not apply at a gate markAppendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 5523 CAPSIZED AGROUND RESCUING Rule 23 is changed to 231 If possible a board shall avoid a board that is capsized or has not regained control after capsizing is aground or is trying to help a person or vessel in danger 232 If possible a board that is capsized or aground shall not interfere with another board 24 INTERFERING WITH ANOTHER BOARD SAIL OUT OF WATER Add new rule 243 243 In the last minute before her starting signal a board shall have her sail out of the water and in a normal position except when accidentally capsized B3 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 3 31 TOUCHING A MARK Rule 31 is deleted B4 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 4 42 PROPULSION Rule 42 is changed to A board shall be propelled only by the action of the wind on the sail by the action of the water on the hull and by the unassisted actions of the competitor However significant progress shall not be made by paddling swimming or walking 43 COMPETITOR CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT Rule 431a is changed to a Competitors shall not wear or carry clothing or equipment for the purpose of increasing their weight However a competitor may wear a drinking container that shall have a capacity of at least one litre and weigh no more than 15 kilograms when full Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 5644 PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT Rule 44 is changed to 441 Taking a Penalty A board may take a 360Turn Penalty when she may have broken one of more rules of Part 2 in an incident while racing Sailing instructions may specify the use of some other penalty However if the board caused injury or serious damage or despite taking a penalty gained a significant advantage in the race or series by her breach her penalty shall be to retire 442 360Turn Penalty After getting well clear of other boards as soon after the incident as possible a board takes a 360Turn Penalty by promptly making a 360 turn with no requirement for a tack or a gybe When a board takes the penalty at or near the finishing line she shall sail completely to the course side of the line before finishingPART 4 RULES DELETED Rules 432 443 45 472 481 49 50 51 52 and 54 are deleted B5 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 5 60 RIGHT TO PROTEST RIGHT TO REQUEST REDRESS OR RULE 69 ACTION Rule 601a is changed by deleting or saw 61 PROTEST REQUIREMENTS The first three sentences of rule 611a are changed to A board intending to protest shall inform the other board at the first reasonable opportunity When her protest will concern an incident in the racing area that she was involved in or saw she shall hail Protest She shall also inform the race committee of her intention to protest as soon as practicable after she finishesor retires Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 5762 REDRESS Add new rule 621e e capsizing because of the action of a board that was breaking a rule of Part 2 64 DECISIONS Rule 643b is changed to b When the protest committee is in doubt about a matter concerning the measurement of a board the meaning of a class rule or damage to a board it shall refer its questions together with the relevant facts to an authority responsible for interpreting the rule In making its decision the committee shall be bound by the reply of the authority B6 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 6 78 COMPLIANCE WITH CLASS RULES CERTIFICATES Add to rule 781 When so prescribed by the ISAF a numbered and dated device on a board and her centreboard fin and rig shall serve as her measurement certificate B7 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 7 90 RACE COMMITTEE SAILING last sentence of rule 902c is changed to Oral instructions may be given only if the procedure is stated in the sailing instructions B8 CHANGES TO APPENDIX A A1 NUMBER OF RACES OVERALL SCORES Rule A1 is changed to The number of races scheduled and the number required to be completed to constitute a series shall be stated in the sailing instructions If an event includes more than one discipline or format the sailing instructions shall state how the overall scores are to be calculated Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 58A2 SERIES SCORES Rule A2 is changed to Each boards series score shall be the total of her race scores excluding her a worst score when from 5 to 11 races have been completed or b two worst scores when 12 or more races have been completed The sailing instructions may make a different arrangement A race is completed if scored see rule 903a If a board has two or more equal worst scores the scores for the races sailed earliest in the series shall be excluded The board with the lowest series score wins and others shall be ranked accordingly A8 SERIES TIES Rule A8 is changed to A81 If there is a seriesscore tie between two or more boards they shall be ranked in order of their best excluded race score A82 If a tie remains between two or more boards each boards race scores including excluded scores shall be listed in order of best to worst and at the first points where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the boards with the best scores These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores A83 If a tie still remains between two or more boards they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied boards scores in the nexttolast race and so on until all ties are broken These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores B9 CHANGES TO APPENDIX G G1 ISAF CLASS BOARDS Rule G11a is changed to a the insignia denoting her class The insignia shall not refer to anything other than the manufacturer or class Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 59and if it is not an abstract design it shall not consist of more than two letters and three digits Rule G13a is changed to a The class insignia shall be displayed once on each side of the sail in the area above a line projected at right angles from a point on the luff of the sail onethird of the distance from the head to the wishbone The national letters and sail numbers shall be in the central third of that part of the sail above the wishbone clearly separated from any advertising They shall be black and applied back to back on an opaque white background The background shall extend a minimum of 30 mm beyond the characters There shall be a between the national letters and the sail number and the spacing between characters shall be adequate for legibility The first sentence of rule G13b is deleted Rules G13c G13d and G13e are deleted B10 CHANGES TO RULES FOR EVENTS THAT INCLUDE ELIMINATION SERIES 29 RECALLS For a race of an elimination series that will qualify a board to compete in a later stage of an event rule 29 is changed to a When at a boards starting signal any part of her hull crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line the race committee shall signal a general recall b If the race committee acts under rule 291a and the board is identified she shall be disqualified without a hearing even if the race is abandoned The race committee shall hail or display her sail number and she shall leave the course area immediately If the race is restarted or resailed she shall not sail in it c If the race was completed but was later abandoned by the protest committee and if the race is resailed a board disqualified under rule 291b may sail in it Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 6037 ELIMINATION SERIES INCLUDING HEATS Add new rule 37 Rule 37 applies in elimination series in which boards compete in heats 371 Elimination Series Procedure a Competition shall take the form of one or more elimination series Each of them shall consist of either rounds in a single elimination series where only a number of the best scorers advance or rounds in a double elimination series where boards have more than one opportunity to advance b Boards shall sail one against another in pairs or in groups determined by the elimination ladder The selected form of competition shall not be changed while a roundremains uncompleted 372 Seeding and Ranking Lists a When a seeding or ranking list is used to establish the heats of the first round places 18 four heats or 116 eight heats shall be distributed evenly among the heats b For a subsequent elimination series if any boards shall be reassigned to new heats according to the ranking in the previous elimination series c The organizing authoritys seeding decisions are final and are not grounds for a request for redress 373 Heat Schedule The schedule of heats shall be posted on the official notice board no later than 30 minutes before the starting signal for the first heat 374 Advancement and Byes a In racing and expression competition the boards in each heat to advance to the next round shall be announced by the race committee no later than 10 minutes before the starting signal for the first heat The number advancing may be changed by the protest committee as a result of a redress decision Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 61b In expression competition any firstround byes shall be assigned to the highestseeded boards c In wave performance competition only the winner of each heat shall advance to the next round d In freestyle competition boards shall advance to the next round as follows from an eightboard heat the best four advance and the winner will sail against the fourth and the second against the third from a fourboard heat the best two advance and will sail against each other 375 Finals a The final shall consist of a maximum of three races The race committee shall announce the number of races to be sailed in the final no later than 5 minutes before the warning signal for the first final race b A runnersup final may be sailed after the final All boards in the semifinal heats that failed to qualify for the final may compete in it 63 HEARINGS For a race of an elimination series that will qualify a board to compete in a later stage of an event rules 612 and 652 are deleted and rule 636 is changed to 636 Protests and requests for redress need not be in writing they shall be made orally to a member of the protest committee as soon as reasonably possible following the race The protest committee may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally 70 APPEALS AND REQUESTS TO A NATIONAL AUTHORITY Rule 705a is changed to a it is essential to determine promptly the result of a race of an elimination series that will qualify a board to compete in a later stage of an event Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 62A2 SERIES SCORES Rule A2 is changed to Each boards elimination series score shall be the total of her race scores excluding her a worst score when 3 or 4 races are completed b two worst scores when from 5 to 7 races are completed c three worst scores when 8 or more races are completed Each boards final series score shall be the total of her race scores excluding her worst score when 3 races are completed The sailing instructions may make a different arrangement A race is completed if scored see rule 903a If a board has two or more equal worst scores the scores for the races sailed earliest in the series shall be excluded The board with the lowest series score wins and others shall be ranked accordingly A4 LOW POINT SYSTEM Add at the end of the first sentence of rule A42 or in a race of an elimination series the number of boards in that heat Add new rule A43 A43 When a heat cannot be completed the points for the unscored places shall be added together and divided by the number of places in that heat The resulting number of points to the nearest tenth of a point 005 to be rounded upward shall be given to each board entered in the heatB11 CHANGES TO RULES FOR EXPRESSION COMPETITION Add the following definitions Coming In and Going Out A board sailing in the same direction as the incoming surf is coming in A board sailing in the direction opposite to the incoming surf is going outJumping A board is jumping when she takes off at the top of a wave while going out Overtaking A board is overtaking from the moment she gains an overlap from clear astern until the moment she is clear ahead of the overtaken boardAppendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 63Possession The first board sailing shoreward immediately in front of a wave has possession of that wave However when it is impossible to determine which board is first the windward board has possession Recovering A board is recovering from the time her sail or when waterstarting the competitor is out of the water until she has steerage way Surfing A board is surfing when she is on or immediately in front of a wave while coming in Transition A board changing tacks or taking off while coming in or one that is not surfing jumping capsized or recovering is in transition PART 2 WHEN BOARDS MEET The rules of Part 2 are deleted and replaced by a COMING IN AND GOING OUTA board coming in shall keep clear of a board going out When two boards are going out or coming in while on the same wave or when neither is going out or coming in a board on port tack shall keep clear of the one on starboard tack b BOARDS ON THE SAME WAVE COMING INWhen two or more boards are on a wave coming in a board that does not have possession shall keep clear c CLEAR ASTERN CLEAR AHEAD AND OVERTAKINGA board clear astern and not on a wave shall keep clearof a board clear ahead An overtaking board that is not on a wave shall keep clear d TRANSITIONA board in transition shall keep clear of one that is not When two boards are in transition at the same time the one on the others port side or the one astern shall keep clear Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 64e JUMPINGA board that is jumping shall keep clear of one that is not 26 STARTING AND ENDING HEATS Rule 26 is changed to Heats shall be started and ended by using the following signals a STARTING A HEATEach flag shall be removed when the next flag is displayed Minutes before starting signalVisual signal Sound signal Means Beginning of transition period Heat number with red flag One Warning 1 Yellow flag One Preparatory 0 Green flag One Starting signal b ENDING A HEATMinutes before ending signalVisual signal Sound signal Means 1 Green flag removed One End warning 0 Red flag One Ending signal 38 REGISTRATION COURSE AREA HEAT DURATION ADVANCEMENT AND BYES Add new rule 38 a Boards shall register with the race committee the colours and other particulars of their sails or their identification according to another method stated in the sailing instructions no later than the starting signal for the heat two heats before their own b The course area shall be defined in the sailing instructions and posted on the official notice board no later than 10 minutes before the starting signal for the first heat A Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 65board shall be scored only while sailing in the course area c Any change in heat duration shall be announced by the race committee no later than 15 minutes before the starting signal for the first heat in the next round d Rule 374 in rule B10 applies41 OUTSIDE HELP Change the number of rule 41 to 411 and add new rule 412 412 An assistant may provide replacement equipment to a board The assistant shall not interfere with other competing boards A board whose assistant interferes with another board may be penalized at the discretion of the protest committee APPENDIX A SCORING The rules of Appendix A are deleted and replaced by A1 EXPRESSION COMPETITON SCORING a Expression competition shall be scored by a panel of three judges However the panel may have a greater odd number of members and there may be two such panels Each judge shall give points for each manoeuvre based on the scale stated in the sailing instructions b The criteria of scoring shall be decided by the race committee and announced on the official notice board no later than 30 minutes before the starting signal for the first heat c A boards heat standing shall be determined by adding together the points given by each judge The board with the highest score wins and others shall be ranked accordingly d Both semifinal heats shall have been sailed for an elimination series to be valid e Except for members of the race committee responsible for scoring the event only competitors in the heat shall be allowed to see judges score sheets for the heat Each score sheet shall bear the full name of the judge Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 66f Scoring decisions of the judges shall not be grounds for a request for redress by a board A2 SERIES TIES a In a heat if there is a tie in the total points given by one or more judges it shall be broken in favour of the board with the higher single score in the priority category If the categories are weighted equally in wave performance competition the tie shall be broken in favour of the board with the higher single score in wave riding and in freestyle competition in favour of the board with the higher score for overall impression If a tie remains in wave performance competition it shall be broken in favour of the board with the higher single score in the category without priority and in freestyle competition it shall stand as the final result b If there is a tie in the series score it shall be broken in favour of the board that scored better more times than the other board All scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores c If a tie still remains the heat shall be resailed If this is not possible the tie shall stand as the final result B12 CHANGES TO RULES FOR SPEED COMPETITION PART 2 WHEN BOARDS MEET The rules of Part 2 are deleted and replaced by PART 2 GENERAL RULES a WATER STARTINGA board shall not water start on the course or in the starting area except to sail off the course to avoid boards that are making or about to make a run b LEAVING THE COURSE AREAA board leaving the course area shall keep clear of boards making a run Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 67c COURSE CONTROLWhen the race committee points an orange flag at a board she is penalized and the run shall not be counted d RETURNING TO THE STARTING AREAA board returning to the starting area shall keep clear of the course e MAXIMUM NUMBER OF RUNS FOR EACH BOARDThe maximum number of runs that may be made by each board in a round shall be announced by the race committee no later than 15 minutes before the starting signal for the first round f DURATION OF A ROUNDThe duration of a round shall be announced by the race committee no later than 15 minutes before the starting signal for the next round g CONDITIONS FOR ESTABLISHING A RECORDThe minimum distance for a world record is 500 metres Other records may be established over shorter distances The course shall be defined by posts and transits ashore or by buoys afloat Transits shall not converge h VERIFICATION RULES1 An observer appointed by the World Sailing Speed Record Council shall be present and verify run times and speeds at world record attempts The race committee shall verify run times and speeds at other record attempts 2 A competitor shall not enter the timing control area or discuss any timing matter directly with the timing organization Any timing question shall be directed to the race committee 26 STARTING AND ENDING A ROUND Rule 26 is changed to Rounds shall be started and ended by using the following signals Each flag shall be removed when the next flag is displayed Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 68a STARTING A Means Standby AP flag Course closed Races are closed Red flag Course closed will open shortly Preparatory Red and yellow flag Course will open in 5 minutes Starting Green flag Course is open b ENDING A Means End warning Green and yellow flag Course will be closed in 5 minutes Extension Yellow flag Current round extended by 15 minutes Round ended Red flag A new round will be started shortly 64 DECISIONS Rule 641 is deleted and replaced by 641 Penalties a If a board fails to comply with a rule she may be warned If a board is warned a second time during the same round she shall be excluded by the race committee from the remainder of the round A list of the sail numbers of boards that have received warnings or have been excluded shall be posted on a notice board near the finishing line b A board observed in the course area after having been excluded from a round shall be excluded from the competition without a hearing and none of her previous times or results shall be valid c Any breach of the verification rules may result in exclusion from one of more rounds or from the competition Appendix B WINDSURFING COMPETITION RULES 69APPENDIX A SCORING The rules of Appendix A are deleted and replaced by A1 SPEED COMPETITON SCORING a On Standard Offshore Speed Courses the speeds of a boards fastest two runs in a round shall be averaged to determine her standing in that round The board with the highest average wins and others shall be ranked accordingly If boards are tied the tie shall be broken in favour of the board with the fastest run in the round b On Speed Crossings and Alpha Speed Courses boards shall be ranked based on their fastest run in the round c If there is a seriesscore tie between two or more boards it shall be broken in favour of the boards with the fastest run during the competition If a tie remains it shall be broken by applying rules A82b and c in rule B8 70APPENDIX C MATCH RACING RULES Match races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailing as changed by this appendix Matches shall be umpired unless the notice of race and sailing instructions state otherwiseNote A Standard Notice of Race Standard Sailing Instructions and Match Racing Rules for Blind Competitors are available at the ISAF websiteC1 means the skipper team or boat as appropriate for the event Flight means two or more matches started in the same starting sequence C2 CHANGES TO THE DEFINITIONS AND THE RULES OF PARTS 2 AND 4 C21 The definition Finish is changed to A boat finishes when any part of her hull crosses the finishing line in the direction of the course from the last mark after completing any penalties However when penalties are cancelled under rule C72d after one or both boats have finished each shall be recorded as finished when she crossed the line C22 Add to the definition Proper Course A boat taking a penalty or manoeuvring to take a penalty is not sailing a proper course C23 In the definition Zone the distance is changed to two hull lengths C24 Rule 13 is changed to 13 WHILE TACKING OR GYBING131 After a boat passes head to wind she shall keep clear of other boats until she is on a closehauled course 132 After the foot of the mainsail of a boat sailing downwind crosses the centreline she shall keep clear of other boats until her mainsail has filled or she is no longer sailing downwind Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 71133 While rule 131 or 132 applies rules 10 11 and 12 do not However if two boats are subject to rule 131 or 132 at the same time the one on the others port side or the one astern shall keep clear C25 Rule 162 is deleted C26 Rule 182e is changed to If a boat obtained an inside overlap and from the time the overlap began the outside boat has been unable to give markroom she is not required to give it C27 Rule 183 is changed to If a boat in the zone passes head to wind and is then on the same tack as a boat that is fetching the mark rule 182 does not thereafter apply between them If once the boat that changed tack has completed her tack a the other boat cannot by luffing avoid becoming overlapped inside her she is entitled to markroom b the other boat can by luffing avoid becoming her the boat that changed tack is entitled to markroom C28 When rule 20 applies the following arm signals by the helmsman are required in addition to the hails a for Room to tack repeatedly and clearly pointing to windward and b for You tack repeatedly and clearly pointing at the other boat and waving the arm to windward C29 Rule 223 is changed to A boat moving astern through the water shall keep clear of one that is not C210 Rule 241 is changed to If reasonably possible a boat not racingshall not interfere with a boat that is racing or an umpire boat C211 Add new rule 243 When boats in different matches meet any change of course by either boat shall be consistent with complying with a rule or trying to win her own match C212 Add to the preamble of Part 4 Rule 42 shall also apply between the warning and preparatory signals Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 72C213 Rule 422d is changed to sculling repeated movement of the helm to propel the boat forward C3 RACE SIGNALS AND CHANGES TO RELATED RULES C31 Starting SignalsThe signals for starting a match shall be as follows Times shall be taken from the visual signals the failure of a sound signal shall be disregarded If more than one match will be sailed the starting signal for one match shall be the warning signal for the next match Time in minutes Visual signal Sound signal Means 10 Flag F displayed One Attention signal 6 Flag F removed None 5 Numeral pennant displayed One Warning signal 4 Flag P displayed One Preparatory signal 2 Blue or yellow flag or both displayed One End of prestart entry time 1 Flag P removed One long0 Warning signal removed One Starting signal Within a flight numeral pennant 1 means Match 1 pennant 2 means Match 2 etc unless the sailing instructions state otherwise These signals shall be made only if one or both boats fail to comply with rule C42 The flags shall be displayed until the umpires have signalled a penalty or for one minute whichever is earlierC32 Changes to Related Rulesa Rule 291 is changed to 1 When at a boats starting signal any part of her hull crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line or one ofits extensions the race committee shall promptly display a blue or yellow flag identifying the boat with one sound The flag shall be displayed until the boat is completely on the prestart side of the starting line or one of its extensions or until two minutes after her starting signal whichever is earlier Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 732 When after her starting signal a boat sails from the prestart side to the course side of the starting line across an extension without having started correctly the race committee shall promptly display a blue or yellow flag identifying the boat The flag shall be displayed until the boat is completely on the prestart side of the starting line or one of its extensions or until two minutes after her starting signal whichever is earlier b In the race signal AP the last sentence is changed to The attention signal will be made 1 minute after removal unless at that time the race is postponed again or abandoned c In the race signal N the last sentence is changed to The attention signal will be made 1 minute after removal unless at that time the race is abandoned again or postponed C33 Finishing Line Signals The race signal Blue flag or shape shall not be used C4 REQUIREMENTS BEFORE THE START C41 At her preparatory signal each boat shall be outside the line that is at a 90 angle to the starting line through the starting mark at her assigned end In the pairing list the boat listed on the lefthand side is assigned the port end and shall display a blue flag at her stern while racing The other boat is assigned the starboard end and shall display a yellow flag at her stern while racing C42 Within the twominute period following her preparatory signal a boat shall cross and clear the starting line the first time from the course side to the prestart side C5 SIGNALS BY UMPIRES C51 A green and white flag with one long sound means No penalty C52 A blue or yellow flag identifying a boat with one long sound means The identified boat shall take a penalty by complying with rule C7 C53 A red flag with or soon after a blue or yellow flag with one long sound means The identified boat shall take a penalty by complying with rule C73d Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 74C54 A black flag with a blue or yellow flag and one long sound means The identified boat is disqualified and the match is terminated and awarded to the other boat C55 One short sound means A penalty is now completedC56 Repetitive short sounds mean A boat is no longer taking a penalty and the penalty remains C57 A blue or yellow flag or shape displayed from an umpire boat means The identified boat has an outstanding penalty C6 PROTESTS AND REQUESTS FOR REDRESS BY BOATSC61 A boat may protest another boat a under a rule of Part 2 except rule 14 by clearly displaying flag Y immediately after an incident in which she was involved b under any rule not listed in rule C61a or C62 by clearly displaying a red flag as soon as possible after the incident C62 A boat may not protest another boat under a rule 14 unless damage or injury results b a rule of Part 2 unless she was involved in the incident c rule 31 or 42 or d rule C4 or C7 C63 A boat intending to request redress because of circumstances that arise before she finishes or retires shall clearly display a red flag as soon as possible after she becomes aware of those circumstances but no later than two minutes after finishing or retiring C64 a A boat protesting under rule C61a shall remove flag Y before or as soon as possible after the umpires signal b A boat protesting under rule C61b or requesting redress under rule C63 shall for her protest or request to be valid keep her red flag displayed until she has so informed the umpires after finishing or retiring No written protest or request for redress is required Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 75C65 Umpire Decisionsa After flag Y is displayed the umpires shall decide whether to penalize any boat They shall signal their decision in compliance with rule C51 C52 or C53 However when the umpires penalize a boat under rule C82 and in the same incident there is a flag Y from a boat the umpires may disregard the flag Y b The redflag penalty in rule C53 shall be used when a boat has gained a controlling positionas a result of breaking a rule but the umpires are not certain that the conditions for an additional penalty have been fulfilled C66 Protest Committee Decisions a The protest committee may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally b If the protest committee decides that a breach of a rule has had no significant effect on the outcome of the match it may 1 impose a penalty of one point or part of one point 2 order a resail or 3 make another arrangement it decides is equitable which may be to impose no penalty c The penalty for breaking rule 14 when damage or injury results will be at the discretion of the protest committee and may include exclusion from further races in the event C7 PENALTY SYSTEM C71 Deleted Rule Rule 44 is deleted C72 All Penalties a A penalized boat may delay taking a penalty within the limitations of rule C73 and shall take it as follows 1 When on a leg of the course to a windward mark she shall gybe and as soon as reasonably possible luff to a closehauled course 2 When on a leg of the course to a leeward mark or the finishing line she shall tack and as soon as reasonably Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 76possible bear away to a course that is more than ninety degrees from the true wind b Add to rule 2 When racing a boat need not take a penalty unless signalled to do so by an umpire c A boat completes a leg of the course when her bow crosses the extension of the line from the previous mark through the markshe is rounding or on the last leg when she finishes d A penalized boat shall not be recorded as having finished until she takes her penalty and sails completely to the course side of the line and then finishes unless the penalty is cancelled before or after she crosses the finishing line e If a boat has one or two outstanding penalties and the other boat in her match is penalized one penalty for each boat shall be cancelled except that a redflag penalty shall not cancel or be cancelled by another penalty f If a boat has more than two outstanding penalties the umpires shall signal her under rule C54 C73 Penalty Limitations a A boat taking a penalty that includes a tack shall have the spinnaker head below the mainboom gooseneck from the time she passes head to wind until she is on a closehauled course b No part of a penalty may be taken inside the zone of a rounding mark that begins bounds or ends the leg the boat is onc If a boat has one outstanding penalty she may take the penalty any time after starting and before finishing If a boat has two outstanding penalties she shall take one of them as soon as reasonably possible but not before starting d When the umpires display a red flag with or soon after a penalty flag the penalized boat shall take a penalty as soon as reasonably possible but not before starting C74 Taking and Completing Penalties a When a boat with an outstanding penalty is on a leg to a windward mark and gybes or is on a leg to a leeward mark or the finishing line and passes head to wind she is taking a penalty Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 77b When a boat taking a penalty either does not take the penalty correctly or does not complete the penalty as soon as reasonably possible she is no longer taking a penalty The umpires shall signal this as required by rule C56c The umpire boat for each match shall display blue or yellow flags or shapes each flag or shape indicating one outstanding penalty When a boat has taken a penalty or a penalty has been cancelled one flag or shape shall be removed with the appropriate sound signal Failure of the umpires to signal correctly shall not change the number of penalties outstanding C8 PENALTIES INITIATED BY UMPIRES C81 Rule Changes a Rules 602a and 603a do not apply to rules for which penalties may be imposed by umpires b Rule 641a is changed so that the provision for exonerating a boat may be applied by the umpires without a hearing and it takes precedence over any conflicting rule of this appendix C82 When the umpires decide that a boat has broken rule 31 42 C4 C73c or C73d she shall be penalized by signalling her under rule C52 or C53 However if a boat is penalized for breaking a rule of Part 2 and if she in the same incident breaks rule 31 she shall not be penalized for breaking rule 31 Furthermore a boat that displays an incorrect flag or does not display the correct flag shall be warned orally and given an opportunity to correct the error before being penalized C83 When the umpires decide that a boat has a gained an advantage by breaking a rule after allowing for a penalty b deliberately broken a rule or c committed a breach of sportsmanship she shall be penalized under rule C52 C53 or C54 C84 If the umpires or protest committee members decide that a boat may have broken a rule other than those listed in rules C61a and C62 they shall so inform the protest committee for its action under rule 603 and rule C66 when appropriate Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 78C85 When after one boat has started the umpires are satisfied that the other boat will not start they may signal under rule C54 that the boat that did not start is disqualified and the match is terminated C86 When the match umpires together with at least one other umpire decide that a boat has broken rule14 and damage resulted they may impose a pointspenalty without a hearing The competitor shall be informed of the penalty as soon as practicable and at the time of being so informed may request a hearing The protest committee shall then proceed under ruleC66 Any penalty decided by the protest committee may be more than the penalty imposed by the umpires When the umpires decide that a penalty greater than one point is appropriate they shall act under rule C84 C9 REQUESTS FOR REDRESS OR REOPENING APPEALS OTHER PROCEEDINGS C91 There shall be no request for redress or an appeal from a decision made under rule C5 C6 C7 or C8 In rule 66 the third sentence is changed to A party to the hearing may not ask for a reopening C92 A competitor may not base a request for redress on a claim that an action by an official boat was improper The protest committee may decide to consider giving redress in such circumstances but only if it believes that an official boat including an umpire boat may have seriously interfered with a competing boat C93 No proceedings of any kind may be taken in relation to any action or nonaction by the umpires except as permitted in rule C92 C10 SCORING C101 The winning competitor of each match scores one point half a point each for a dead heat the loser scores no points C102 When a competitor withdraws from part of an event the scores of all completed races shall stand C103 When a single round robin is terminated before completion or a multiple round robin is terminated during the first round robin a competitors score shall be the average points scored per match sailed by the competitor However if any of the competitors have completed less than one third of the scheduled matches the entire round robin shall be disregarded and if necessary the event declared Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 79void For the purposes of tiebreaking in rule C111a a competitors score shall be the average points scored per match between the tied When a multiple round robin is terminated with an incomplete round robin only one point shall be available for all the matches sailed between any two competitors as follows Number of matches completed between any two competitors Points for each win1 One point 2 Half a point 3 A third of a point etc C105 In a roundrobin series a competitors shall be placed in order of their total scores highest score first b a competitor who has won a match but is disqualified for breaking a rule against a competitor in another match shall lose the point for that match but the losing competitor shall not be awarded the point and c the overall position between competitors who have sailed in different groups shall be decided by the highest score C106 In a knockout series the sailing instructions shall state the minimum number of points required to win a series between two competitors When a knockout series is terminated it shall be decided in favour of the competitor with the higher score C11 TIES C111 RoundRobin Series In a roundrobin series competitors are assigned to one or more groups and scheduled tosail against all other competitors in their group one or more times Each separate stage identified in the event format shall be a separate roundrobin series irrespective of the number of times each competitor sails against each other competitor in that stage Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 80Ties between two or more competitors in a roundrobin series shall be broken by the following methods in order until all ties are broken When one or more ties are only partially broken rules C111a to C111e shall be reapplied to them Ties shall be decided in favour of the competitors who a placed in order has the highest score in the matches between the tied competitors b when the tie is between two competitors in a multiple round robin has won the last match between the two competitors c has the most points against the competitor placed highest in the roundrobin series or if necessary second highest and so on until the tie is broken When two separate ties have to be resolved but the resolution of each depends upon resolving the other the following principles shall be used in the rule C111c procedure 1 the higherplace tie shall be resolved before the lower place tie and 2 all the competitors in the lowerplace tie shall be treated as a single competitor for the purposes of rule C111c d after applying rule C105c has the highest place in the different groups irrespective of the number of competitors in each group e has the highest place in the most recent stage of the event fleet race round robin etc C112 Knockout Series Ties including 00 between competitors in a knockout series shall be broken by the following methods in order until the tie is broken The tie shall be decided in favour of the competitor who a has the highest place in the most recent roundrobin series applying rule C111 if necessary b has won the most recent match in the event between the tied competitors Appendix C MATCH RACING RULES 81C113 Remaining Ties When rule C111 or C112 does not resolve a tie a if the tie needs to be resolved for a later stage of the event or another event for which the event is a direct qualifier the tie shall be broken by a sailoff when practicable When the race committee decides that a sailoff is not practicable the tie shall be decided in favour of the competitor who has the highest score in the roundrobin series after eliminating the score for the first race for each tied competitor or should this fail to break the tie the second race for each tied competitor and so on until the tie is broken When a tie is partially resolved the remaining tie shall be broken by reapplying rule C111 or C112 b to decide the winner of an event that is not a direct qualifier for another event or the overall position between competitors eliminated in one round of a knockout series a sailoff may be used but not a draw c when a tie is not broken any monetary prizes or ranking points for tied places shall be added together and divided equally among the tied competitors 82APPENDIX D TEAM RACING RULES Team races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailing as changed by this appendix D1 CHANGES TO THE RACING RULES D11Definitions and theRules of Parts 2 and 4 a In the definition Zone the distance is changed to two hull lengths bRule 182b is changed to If boats are overlapped when the first of them reaches the zone the outside boat at that moment shall thereafter give the inside boat markroom If a boat is clear ahead when she reaches the zone or she later becomes clear ahead when another boat passes head to wind the boat clear astern at that moment shall thereafter give her markroom cRule 184 is deleted dWhen rule 20 applies the following arm signals by the helmsman are required in addition to the hails 1 for Room to tack repeatedly and clearly pointing to windward and 2 for You tack repeatedly and clearly pointing at the other boat and waving the arm to windward Sailing instructions may delete this requirement eAdd new rule 243 A boat that has finished shall not act to interfere with a boat that has not finished fAdd new rule 244 When boats in different races meet any change of course by either boat shall be consistent with complying with a rule or trying to win her own race gAdd to rule 41 e help from another boat on her team provided electronic communication is not used hRule 45 is deleted Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 83D12 Protests and Requests for Redress a Rule 601 is changed to A boat may a protest another boat but not for an alleged breach of a rule of Part 2 unless she was involved in the incident or the incident involved contact between members of the other team or b request redress b Rule 611a is changed so that a boat may remove her red flag after it has been conspicuously displayed c A boat intending to request redress for an incident in the racing area shall display a red flag at the first reasonable opportunity after the incident She shall display the red flag until it is acknowledged by the race committee or by an umpired The race committee or protest committee shall not protest a boat for breaking a rule of Part 2 or rule 31 or 42 except 1 based on evidence in a report from an umpire after a black and white flag has been displayed or 2 under rule 14 upon receipt of a report from any source alleging damage or injury e Protests and requests for redress need not be in writing The protest committee may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally f A boat is not entitled to redress based on damage or injury caused by another boat on her team g When a supplied boat suffers a breakdown rule D5 applies D13 Penalties a Rule 441 is changed to A boat may take a OneTurn Penalty when she may have broken one or more rules of Part 2 or rule 31 or 42 in an incident while racing However when she may have broken a rule of Part 2 and rule 31 in the same incident she need not take the penalty for breaking rule 31 Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 84bA boat may take a penalty by retiring in which case she shall notify the race committee as soon as possible and 6 points shall be added to her score cThere shall be no penalty for breaking a rule of Part 2 when the incident is between boats on the same team and there is no contact D2 UMPIRED RACES D21 When Rule D2 Applies Rule D2 applies to umpired races Races to be umpired shall be identified either in the sailing instructions or by the display of flag U no later than the warning signal D22 Protests by Boats When a boat protests under a rule of Part 2 or under rule 31 or 42 for an incident in the racing area she is not entitled to a hearing and the following applies aShe shall hail Protest and conspicuously display a red flag at the first reasonable opportunity for each bThe boats shall be given time to respond A boat involved in the incident may respond by promptly taking an appropriate penalty or clearly indicating that she will do so as soon as possible cIf no boat takes a penalty an umpire shall decide whether to penalize any boat dIf more than one boat broke a rule and was not exonerated an umpire may penalize any boat that broke a rule and did not take an appropriate penalty eAn umpire shall signal a decision in compliance with rule D24 fA boat penalized by an umpire shall take a TwoTurns Penalty D23 Penalties Initiated by an Umpire An umpire may penalize a boat without a protest by another boat or report the incident to the protest committee or both when the boat abreaks rule 31 or 42 and does not take a penalty Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 85bbreaks a rule of Part 2 and makes contact with another boat on her team or with a boat in another race and no boat takes a penalty cbreaks a rule and her team gains an advantage despite her or another boat on her team taking a penalty dbreaks rule 14 and there is damage or injury eclearly indicates that she will take a OneTurn Penalty and then fails to do so ffails to take a penalty signalled by an umpire gcommits a breach of sportsmanship The umpire shall signal a decision in compliance with rule D24 A boat penalized by an umpire shall take a TwoTurns Penalty except that when an umpire hails a number of turns the boat shall take that number of OneTurn Penalties D24 Signals by an Umpire An umpire shall signal a decision with one long sound and the display of a flag as follows aFor no penalty a green and white flagbTo penalize one or more boats a red flag The umpire shall hail or signal to identify each boat penalized cTo report the incident to the protest committee a black and white flag D25 TwoFlag Protest Procedure This rule applies only if the sailing instructions so state and it then replaces rule D22 When a boat protests under a rule of Part 2 or under rule 31 or 42 for an incident in the racing area she is not entitled to a hearing and the following applies aShe shall hail Protest and conspicuously display a red flag at the first reasonable opportunity for each bThe boats shall be given time to respond A boat involved in the incident may respond by promptly taking an appropriate penalty or clearly indicating that she will do so as soon as possible Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 86cIf the protested boat fails to respond the protesting boat may request a decision by conspicuously displaying a yellow flag and hailing Umpire dAn umpire shall then decide whether to penalize any boat eAn umpire shall signal a decision in compliance with rule D24 fIf a boat hails for an umpire decision without complying with the protest procedure an umpire shall signal No Penalty gA boat penalized by an umpire shall take a TwoTurns Penalty D26 Limited Umpiring This rule applies only if the sailing instructions so state and it then changes rules D22 and D25 When a boat protests and either there is no decision signalled or an umpire displays a yellow flag with one long sound signalling he has insufficient facts to make a decision the protesting boat is entitled to a hearing D27 Limitations on Other Proceedings A decision action or nonaction of an umpire shall not be agrounds for redress bsubject to an appeal under rule 70 or cgrounds for abandoning a race after it has started The protest committee may decide to consider giving redress when it believes that an official boat including an umpire boat may have seriously interfered with a competing boat D3 SCORING A RACE D31 a Each boat finishing a race shall be scored points equal to her finishing place All other boats shall be scored points equal to the number of boats entitled to race bWhen a boat is scored OCS 10 points shall be added to her score unless she retired as soon as possible after the starting signal cWhen a boat fails to take a penalty imposed by an umpire at or near the finishing line she shall be scored points for last place and other scores shall be adjusted accordingly Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 87dWhen a protest committee decides that a boat that is a party to a protest hearing has broken a rule and is not exonerated 1 if the boat has not taken a penalty 6 points shall be added to her score 2 if the boats team has gained an advantage despite any penalty taken or imposed the boats score may be increased 3 when the boat has broken rule 1 or 2 rule 14 when she has caused damage or injury or a rule when not racing half or more race wins may be deducted from her team or no penalty may be imposed Race wins deducted shall not be awarded to any other team D32 When all boats on one team have or failed to start the other teams boats racing at that time shall be scored the points they would have received had they finished D33 The team with the lower total points wins the race If the totals are equal the team that does not have first place wins D4 SCORING A SERIES D41 Terminology In a roundrobin series teams are assigned to one or more groups and scheduled to sail against all other teams in their group one or more times In a knockout series teams are scheduled to sail in matches a match is one or more races between two teams D42 Terminating a SeriesaThe race committee may terminate a series at any reasonable time taking into account the entries weather time constraints and other relevant factors bWhen a roundrobin series is terminated any roundrobin in the series in which 80 or more of the full schedule of races has been completed shall be scored as complete if fewer races have been completed the roundrobin shall be excluded from the results but may be used to break ties Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 88D43Scoring a RoundRobin Series In a roundrobin series the teams shall be ranked in order of number of race wins highest number first If the teams in a roundrobin group have not completed an equal number of races they shall be ranked in order of the percentage of races won highest number first D44 Ties in a Completed RoundRobin Series Ties in a completed roundrobin series shall be broken using only the results in the series in order a the highest number of race wins in all races between the tied teams b the lowest total points scored in all races between the tied teams c if two teams remain tied the winner of the last race between them d the lowest average points scored in all races against common opponents e a sailoff if possible otherwise a game of chance If a tie is partially broken by one of these the remaining tie shall be broken by starting again at rule D44a D45 Ties in an Incomplete RoundRobin Series If a roundrobin series is not completed teams shall be ranked according to the results from all completed roundrobins in the series Ties shall be broken whenever possible using the results from races between the tied teams in the incomplete roundrobin Other ties shall be broken in accordance with rule D44 D46 Scoring a KnockOut SeriesThe winner of a match is the first team to score the number of race wins stated in the sailing instructions D47 Incomplete KnockOut Series If a match in a knockout series is not completed including 00 the result of the match shall be determined using in order athe higher number of race wins in the incomplete match bthe higher number of race wins in all races between the teams in the event Appendix D TEAM RACING RULES 89cthe higher place in the most recent roundrobin series applying D44a if necessary dthe winner of the most recent race between the teams If this rule fails to determine a result the series shall be tied unless the sailing instructions provide for some other result D5 BREAKDOWNS WHEN BOATS ARE SUPPLIED BY THE ORGANIZING AUTHORITY D51 Rule D5 applies when boats are supplied by the organizing authorityD52 When a boat suffers a breakdown in the racing area she may request a score change by displaying a red flag at the first reasonable opportunity after the breakdown until it is acknowledged by the race committee or by an umpire If possible she shall continue racing D53 The race committee shall decide requests for a score change in accordance with rules D54 and D55 It may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally D54 When the race committee decides that the teams finishing position was made significantly worse that the breakdown was through no fault of the crew and that in the same circumstances a reasonably competent crew would not have been able to avoid the breakdown it shall make as equitable a decision as possible This may be to abandon and resail the race or when the boats finishing position was predictable award her points for that position Any doubt about a boats position when she broke down shall be resolved against her D55 A breakdown caused by defective supplied equipment or a breach of a rule by an opponent shall not normally be determined to be the fault of the crew but one caused by careless handling capsizing or a breach by a boat on the same team shall be If there is doubt it shall be presumed that the crew are not at fault 90APPENDIX E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES Radio sailing races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailing as changed by this appendixE1 CHANGES TO THE DEFINITIONS TERMINOLOGY AND THE RULES OF PARTS 1 2 AND 7 E11 Definitions Add to the definition Interested Party but not a competitor when acting as an observer In the definition Zone the distance is changed to four hull lengths Add new definition Disabled A boat is disabled while she is unable to continue in the heat E12 Terminology The Terminology paragraph of the Introduction is changed so that a Boat means a sailboat controlled by radio signals and having no crew However in the rules of Part 1 and Part 5 rule E6 and the definitions Party and Protest boat includes the competitor controlling her b Competitor means the person that controls a boat using radio signals c In the racing rules but not in its appendices replace the noun race with heat In Appendix E a race consists of one or more heats and is completed when the last heat in the race is completed E13 Rules of Parts 1 2 and 7 a Rule 12 is deleted b In rule 20 hails and replies shall be made by the competitor controlling the boat c Rule 23 is changed to If possible a boat shall avoid a boat that is disabled Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES91d Rule 902c is changed to Changes to the sailing instructions may be communicated orally to all affected competitors before the warning signal of the relevant race or heat When appropriate changes shall be confirmed in writing E2 ADDITIONAL RULES WHEN RACING Rule E2 applies only while boats are racing E21 Hailing Requirements a A hail shall be made so that the competitors to whom the hail is directed might reasonably be expected to hear it b The individual digits of a boats sail number shall be hailed for example one five not fifteen E22 Giving Advice A competitor shall not give tactical or strategic advice to a competitor controlling a boat that is racingE23 Boat Out of Radio Control A competitor who loses radio control of his boat shall promptly hail and repeat The boats sail number out of control and the boat shall retire E24 Transmitter Aerials If a transmitter aerial is longer than 200mm when extended the extremity shall be adequately protected E25 Radio Interference Transmission of radio signals that cause interference with the control of other boats is prohibited A competitor that has broken this rule shall not race again until permitted to do so by the race committee E3 CONDUCT OF A RACE E31 Control Area The sailing instructions may specify a control area if not specified it shall be unrestricted Competitors shall be in this area when controlling boats that are racing except briefly to handle and then release or relaunch the boat Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES 92E32 Launching Area The sailing instructions may specify a launching area and its use if not specified it shall be unrestricted E33 Course Board The sailing instructions may require the course to be displayed on a board and if so the board shall be located in or adjacent to the control area E34 Starting and Finishing a Rule 26 is changed to Heats shall be started using warning preparatory and starting signals at oneminute intervals During the minute before the starting signal additional sound or oral signals shall be made at tensecond intervals and during the final ten seconds at onesecond intervals Each signal shall be timed from the beginning of its sound b The starting and finishing lines shall be between the course sides of the starting and finishing marks E35 Individual Recall Rule 291 is changed to When at a boats starting signal any part of the boat is on the course side of the starting line or when she must comply with rule 301 the race committee shall promptly hail Recall sail numbers and repeat the hail as appropriate E36 General Recall Rule 292 is changed to When at the starting signal the race committee is unable to identify boats that are on the course side of the starting line or to which rule 30 applies or there has been an error in the starting procedure the race committee may hail and repeat as appropriate General recall and make two loud sounds The preparatory signal for a new start will normally be made shortly thereafter E37 Black Flag Rule When the race committee informs a boat that she has broken rule 303 the boat shall immediately leave the course area Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES93E38 Other Changes to the Rules of Part 3 a Rules 302 and 33 are deleted b All race committee signals shall be made orally or by other sounds No visual signals are required unless specified in the sailing instructions c Courses shall not be shortened d Rule 321b is changed to because of foul weather or thunderstorms E4 RULES OF PART 4 E41 Deleted Rules in Part 4 Rules 40 43 443 45 47 48 49 50 52 and 54 are deleted E42 Outside Help Rule 41 is changed to A boat or the competitor controlling her shall not receive help from any outside source except a when the competitor is ill injured or in danger b when her hull rig or appendages are entangled with another boat help from the other competitor c help in the form of information freely available to all competitors E43 Taking a Penalty Rule 441 is changed to A boat may take a OneTurn Penalty when she may have broken one or more rules of Part 2 or rule 31 in an incident while racing However a when she may have broken a rule of Part 2 and rule 31 in the same incident she need not take the penalty for breaking rule 31 b if the boat gained a significant advantage in the heat or race by her breach despite taking a penalty her penalty shall be an additional OneTurn Penalty Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES 94c if the boat caused serious damage or as a result of breaking a rule of Part 2 she caused another boat to become disabled and retire her penalty shall be to retire E44 Person in Charge Rule 46 is changed to The member or organization that entered the boat shall designate the competitor See rule 75 E5 RACING WITH OBSERVERS AND UMPIRES E51 Observers a The race committee may appoint observers who may be competitors b Observers shall hail the sail numbers of boats that make contact with a mark or another boat and shall repeat the hail as appropriate c At the end of a heat observers shall report to the race committee all unresolved incidents and any failure to sail the course as required by rule 28 E52 Umpired Races The International Radio Sailing Association Addendum Q shall apply to umpired races Races to be umpired may be identified in the sailing instructions or orally before the warning signal Note The addendum is available at the website E53 Rules for Observers and Umpires Observers and umpires shall be located in the control area They shall not use any aid or device that gives them a visual advantage over competitors E6 PROTESTS AND REQUESTS FOR REDRESS E61 Right to Protest Rule 601 is changed to A boat may a protest another boat but not for an alleged breach of a rule of Part 2 3 or 4 unless she was scheduled to sail in that heat or b request redress Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES95However a boat or competitor may not protest for an alleged breach of rules E2 or E37 E62 Protest for a Rule Broken by a Competitor When a race committee or protest committee learns that a competitor may have broken a rule it may protest the boat controlled by that competitor E63 Informing the Protestee Rule 611a is changed to A boat intending to protest shall inform the other boat at the first reasonable opportunity When her protest concerns an incident in the racing area that she was involved in or saw she shall hail twice Her own sail number protest the sail number of the other boat E64 Informing the Race Committee A boat intending to protest or request redress about an incident in the racing area or control area shall inform the race officer as soon as reasonably possible after finishing or retiring E65 Time Limits A protest request for redress or request for reopening shall be delivered to the race officer no later than ten minutes after the last boat in the heat finishes or after the relevant incident whichever is later E66 Redress Add to rule 621 e external radio interference acknowledged by the race committee or f becoming disabled and as a result retiring because of the action of a boat that was breaking a rule of Part 2 or of a vessel not racing that was required to keep clearE67 Right to Be Present In rule 633a the of boats shall have been on board is changed to the representative of each boat shall be the competitor controlling herAppendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES 96E68 Taking Evidence and Finding Facts Add to rule 636 When the protest concerns an alleged breach of a rule of Part 2 3 or 4 any witness shall have been in the control area at the time of the incident If the witness is a competitor who was not acting as an observer he shall also have been scheduled to race in the relevant heat E69 Decisions on Redress Add to rule 642 If a boat is given redress because she was damaged her redress shall include reasonable time but not more than 30 minutes to make repairs before her next heat E7 PENALTIES When a protest committee decides that a boat that is a party to a protest hearing has broken a rule other than a rule of Part 2 3 or 4 it shall either a disqualify her or add any number of points including zero and fractions of points to her score The penalty shall be applied if possible to the heat or race in which the rule was broken otherwise it shall be applied to the next heat or race for that boat When points are added the scores of other boats shall not be changed or b require her to take one or more OneTurn Penalties that shall be taken as soon as possible after the starting signal of her next heat that is started and not subsequently recalled or abandoned However if the boat has broken a rule in Appendix G or rule E8 the protest committee shall act in accordance with rule G4 E8 CHANGES TO APPENDIX G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS a The first paragraph of rule G11 is changed to Every boat of a class administered or recognised by the International Radio Sailing Association shall display a sail number on both sides of each sail Class insignia and national letters shall be displayed on mainsails as stated in rules G11a G11b E8d and E8e Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES97b Rule G11c is changed to 1 A sail number which shall be the last two digits of the boat registration number or the competitors or owners personal number allotted by the relevant issuing authority 2 When possible there shall be space in front of a sail number for a numeric prefix 3 When the sail number is in the range 00 to 09 the initial 0 shall be omitted and the remaining digit positioned to allow space for both a prefix and a suffix 4 0 shall not be used as a prefix 5 When there is a conflict between sail numbers or a sail number might be misread the race committee may require that the sail numbers on one or more boats be changed to a numeric alternative 6 Any changed sail number shall become the sail number for the event c The sentence after rule G11c is deleted d Rule G12b is changed to The height of characters and distance between them on the same and opposite sides of the sail shall be as follows Minimum MaximumClass insignia Except where positioned back to back shortest distance between insignia on opposite sides of sail 20 mm Sail numbers Height of characters Shortest distance between adjoining characters on same side of sail Shortest distance between sail numbers on opposite sides of sail and between sail numbers and other identification 100 mm 20 mm 60 mm 110 mm 30 mm Appendix E RADIO SAILING RACING RULES 98Minimum letters Height of characters Shortest distance between adjoining characters on same side of sail Shortest distance between national letters on opposite sides of sail 60 mm 13 mm 40 mm 70 mm 23 mm e Rule G13 is changed to 1 Class insignia may be positioned back to back on opposite sides of the sail where the design coincides Otherwise class insignia sail numbers and national letters shall be positioned at different heights with those on the starboard side being uppermost 2 On a mainsail sail numbers shall be positioned above the national letters and below the class insignia 3 Sail numbers shall be positioned on a mainsail above the line perpendicular to the luff through the quarter leech point f Where the size of a sail makes it impossible to comply with rule E8b the minimum dimensions in rule E8d or the positioning requirements in rule E8e3 exceptions are permitted in the following order of priority 1 omission of national letters 2 position of the mainsail sail numbers lower than the line perpendicular to the luff through the quarter leech point3 reduction of the shortest distance between sail numbers on opposite sides of the sail provided the shortest distance is not less than 20 mm 4 reduction of the height of sail numbers 99APPENDIX F KITEBOARD RACING RULES Kiteboard course races shall be sailed under The Racing Rules of Sailing as changed by this appendixThe term boat elsewhere in the racing rules means kiteboard or boat as appropriate Note Rules for other kiteboard racing formats such as Kitecross Slalom Boarder X or other kiteboard competitions such as Freestyle Wave Speed are not included in this appendix Links to current versions of these rules can be found on the ISAF websiteCHANGES TO THE DEFINITIONS The definitions FinishKeep Clear Leeward and Windward MarkRoom Obstruction Start and Tack Starboard or Port are changed to Finish A kiteboard finishes when while the competitor is in contact with the hull any part of her hull or the competitor in normal position crosses the finishing line from the course side However she has not finished if after crossing the finishing line she a takes a penalty under rule 442 b corrects an error under rule 282 made at the line or c continues to sail the course Keep Clear A kiteboard keeps clear of a rightofway kiteboard aif the rightofway kiteboard can sail her course with no need to take avoiding action and b when the kiteboards are overlapped if the rightofway kiteboard can also without immediately making contact change course in both directions or move her kite in any and Windward A kiteboards leeward side is the side that is or when she is head to wind was away from the wind However when sailing by the lee or directly downwind her leeward side is the side on which her kite lies The other side is her windward side When two kiteboards on the same tack overlap the one whose hull is Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES100on the leeward side of the others hull is the leeward kiteboard The other is the windward kiteboard MarkRoom MarkRoom for a kiteboard is room to sail her propercourse to round or pass the mark However markroom for a kiteboard does not include room to tack unless the kiteboard is overlapped inside and to windward of the kiteboard required to give markroom and she would be fetching the mark after her tack Obstruction An object that a kiteboard could not pass without changing course substantially if she were sailing directly towards it and 10 metres from it An object that can be safely passed on only one side and an area so designated by the sailing instructions are also a kiteboard racing is not an obstruction to other kiteboards unless they are required to keep clear of her or if rule 23 applies avoid her A vessel under way including a kiteboard racing is never a continuing obstruction Start A kiteboard starts when her hull and the competitor having been entirely on the prestart side of the starting line at or after her starting signal and having complied with rule 301 if it applies any part of her hull or the competitor crosses the starting line in the direction of the first markTack Starboard or Port A kiteboard is on the tack starboard or port corresponding to the competitors hand that would be forward if the competitor were in normal riding position riding heel side with both hands on the control bar and arms not crossed A kiteboard is on starboard tack when the competitors right hand would be forward and is on the port tack whenthe competitors left hand would be forward The definition Zone is deleted Add the following definitions About to Round or Pass A kiteboard is about to round or pass a mark when her proper course is to begin to manoeuvre to round or pass it Capsized A kiteboard is capsized if a her kite is in the water b her lines are tangled with another kiteboards lines or Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES101c the competitor has clearly by accident and for a significant period of time 1 fallen into the water or 2 become disconnected from the hull Jumping A kiteboard is jumping when her hull its appendages and the competitor are clear of the water Looping A kite is looping when it is being flown in a single loop or in a pattern of repeated loops clockwise or alternating between the twoF1 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 1 No changesF2 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 2 13 EXCEPTIONS TO RULES 10 11 AND 12 Rule 13 is changed to 131 When a kiteboard changes tack on an upwind leg she shall keep clear of other kiteboards until she is moving on a closehauled course During that time rules 10 11 and 12 do not apply If two kiteboards are subject to this rule at the same time the one on the others port side or the one astern shall keep clear 132 If two kiteboards converge while sailing downwind and it is not possible under rule 10 11 or 12 to determine which one has right of way a if they are overlapped the one on the others starboard side shall keep clear b if they are not overlapped the one clear astern shall keep clear 16 CHANGING COURSE OR KITE POSITION Rule 16 is changed to 161 When a rightofway kiteboard changes course or the position of her kite she shall give the other kiteboard room to keep clearAppendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES102162 In addition when after the starting signal a porttack kiteboard is keeping clear by sailing to pass astern of a the starboardtack kiteboard shall not change course or the position of her kite if as a result the porttack kiteboard would immediately need to change course or the position of her kite to continue keeping clear 17 ON THE SAME TACK PROPER COURSE Rule 17 is deleted 18 MARKROOM Rule 18 is changed as follows The first sentence of rule 181 is changed to Rule 18 begins to apply between kiteboards when they are required to leave a mark on the same side and at least one of them is about to round or pass it The rule no longer applies after the kiteboard entitled to markroom has passed the mark Rule 182b is changed to b If kiteboards are overlapped when the first of them is about to round or pass the mark the outside kiteboard at that moment shall thereafter give the inside kiteboard markroom If a kiteboard is clear ahead when she isabout to round or pass the mark the kiteboard clear astern at that moment shall thereafter give her markroom Rule 182c is changed to c When a kiteboard is required to give markroom by rule 182b she shall continue to do so even if later an overlap is broken or a new overlap begins 183 Tacking in the Zone Rule 183 is deleted 184 Gybing or Bearing Away Rule 184 is changed to When an inside overlapped rightofway kiteboard must gybe or bear away at a mark to sail her proper course until she gybes or bears away she shall sail no farther from the mark Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES103than needed to sail that course Rule 184 does not apply at a gate mark 22 STARTING ERRORS TAKING PENALTIES JUMPING Rule 223 is changed and new rules 224 and 225 are added 223 During the last minute before her starting signal a kiteboard that stops slows down significantly or one that is not making significant forward progress shall keep clear of all others unless she is accidentally capsized 224 A kiteboard that is jumping shall keep clear of one that is not 225 When sailing downwind if one kiteboard is looping her kite and another is not the kiteboard that is looping her kite shall keep clear of the one that is not 23 CAPSIZED OR AGROUND RESCUING Rule 23 is changed to 231 If possible a kiteboard shall avoid a kiteboard that is capsizedor has not regained control after capsizing is aground or is trying to help a person or vessel in danger 232 A kiteboard that is capsized or aground shall not interfere with another kiteboard F3 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 3 30 STARTING PENALTIES In rule 303 sail number is changed to competitor number 31 TOUCHING A MARK Rule 31 is deleted F4 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 4 41 OUTSIDE HELP Add new rules 41e and 41f e help from another competitor in the same race to assist a relaunch f help to change equipment but only in the launching area Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES10442 PROPULSION Rule 42 is changed to A kiteboard shall be propelled only by the action of the wind on the kite by the action of the water on the hull and by the unassisted actions of the competitor However the competitor shall not make significant progress by paddling swimming or walking 43 COMPETITOR CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT Rule 431a is changed to a Competitors shall not wear or carry clothing or equipment for the purpose of increasing their weight However a competitor may wear a drinking container that shall have a capacity of at least one litre and weigh no more than 15 kilograms when full 44 PENALTIES AT THE TIME OF AN INCIDENT Rule 44 is changed to 441 Taking a Penalty A kiteboard may take a 360Turn Penalty when she may have broken one or more rules of Part 2 in an incident while racing Sailing instructions may specify the use of some other penalty However if the kiteboard caused injury or serious damage or despite taking a penalty gained a significant advantage in the race or series by her breach her penalty shall be to retire 442 360Turn Penalty After getting well clear of other kiteboards as soon after the incident as possible a kiteboard takes a 360Turn Penalty by promptly making a 360 turn with her hull in the water and with no requirement for a tack or a gybe When a kiteboard takes the penalty at or near the finishing line she shall sail completely to the course side of the line before finishing PART 4 RULES DELETED Rules 432 443 45 47 481 49 50 51 52 and 54 are deleted Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES105F5 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 5 61 PROTEST REQUIREMENTS Rule 611a is changed to a A kiteboard intending to protest shall inform the other kiteboard at the first reasonable opportunity When her protest will concern an incident in the racing area that she was involved in or saw she shall hail Protest She shall also inform the race committee of her intention to protest as soon as practicable after she finishes or retires 62 REDRESS Add new rule 621e e capsizing because of the action of a kiteboard that was breaking a rule of Part 2 63 HEARINGS For a race of an elimination series that will qualify a kiteboard to compete in a later stage of an event rules 612 and 652 are deleted and rule 636 is changed to 636 Protests and requests for redress need not be in writing they shall be made orally to a member of the protest committee as soon as reasonably possible following the race The protest committee may take evidence in any way it considers appropriate and may communicate its decision orally 70 APPEALS AND REQUESTS TO A NATIONAL AUTHORITY Rule 705a is changed to a it is essential to determine promptly the result of a race of an elimination series that will qualify a kiteboard to compete in a later stage of an event F6 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 6 No F KITEBOARD RACING RULES106F7 CHANGES TO THE RULES OF PART 7 90 RACE COMMITTEE SAILING last sentence of rule 902c is changed to Oral instructions may be given only if the procedure is stated in the sailing instructions F8 CHANGES TO APPENDIX A A1 NUMBER OF RACES OVERALL SCORES Rule A1 is changed to The number of races scheduled and the number required to be completed to constitute a series shall be stated in the sailing instructions If an event includes more than one discipline or format the sailing instructions shall state how the overall scores are to be calculated A8 SERIES TIES Rule A8 is changed to A81 If there is a seriesscore tie between two or more kiteboards it shall be broken in favour of the kiteboards with the best single excluded race scores A82 If a tie remains between two or more kiteboards each kiteboards race scores shall be listed in order of best to worst and at the first points where there is a difference the tie shall be broken in favour of the kiteboards with the best scores These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores A83 If a tie still remains between two or more kiteboards they shall be ranked in order of their scores in the last race Any remaining ties shall be broken by using the tied kiteboards scores in the nexttolast race and so on until all ties are broken These scores shall be used even if some of them are excluded scores Appendix F KITEBOARD RACING RULES107F9 CHANGES TO APPENDIX G Appendix G is changed to Appendix G Identification on Competitors G1 Every kiteboard shall be identified as follows a Each competitor shall be provided with and wear a shirt with a personal competition number of no more than three digits b The numbers shall be displayed on the front and back of the shirts and be at least 15 cm high c The numbers shall be Arabic numerals all of the same solid colour clearly legible and in a commercially available typeface giving the same or better legibility as Helvetica The colour of the numbers shall contrast with the colour of the shirt 108APPENDIX G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS See rule 77 G1 ISAF CLASS BOATS G11 Identification Every boat of an ISAF Class shall carry on her mainsail and as provided in rules G13d and G13e for letters and numbers only on her spinnaker and headsail a the insignia denoting her class b at all international events except when the boats are provided to all competitors national letters denoting her national authority from the table below For the purposes of this rule international events are ISAF events world and continental championships and events described as international events in their notices of race and sailing instructions andc a sail number of no more than four digits allotted by her national authority or when so required by the class rules by the class association The fourdigit limitation does not apply to classes whose ISAF membership or recognition took effect before 1 April 1997 Alternatively if permitted in the class rules an owner may be allotted a personal sail number by the relevant issuing authority which may be used on all his boats in that class Sails measured before 31 March 1999 shall comply with rule G11 or with the rules applicable at the time of measurement Note An uptodate version of the table below is available on the ISAF website Appendix G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS 109NATIONAL SAIL LETTERS National authority LettersAlgeria ALGAmerican Samoa ASA Andorra AND Angola ANG Antigua ANT Argentina ARG Armenia ARMAruba ARUAustralia AUS Austria AUT Azerbaijan AZEBahamas BAH Bahrain BRN Barbados BAR Belarus BLR Belgium BEL Belize BIZBermuda BER Brazil BRA British Virgin Islands IVBBulgaria BUL Canada CAN Cayman Islands CAYChile CHI China PR CHN Chinese Taipei TPE Colombia COL Cook Islands COK Croatia CRO Cuba CUB Cyprus CYP Czech Republic CZE Denmark DEN Djibouti DJIDominican Republic DOMEcuador ECU National authority LettersEgypt EGY El Salvador ESA Estonia EST Fiji FIJ Finland FIN France FRA Georgia GEOGermany GER Great Britain GBR Greece GRE Grenada GRN Guam GUM Guatemala GUA Hong Kong HKG Hungary HUN Iceland ISL India IND Indonesia INA Ireland IRL Israel ISR Italy ITA Jamaica JAM Japan JPN Kazakhstan KAZKenya KEN Korea DPR PRKKorea Republic of KOR Kosovo KOSKuwait KUW Kyrgyzstan KGZLatvia LAT Lebanon LIB Libya LBA Liechtenstein LIE Lithuania LTU Luxembourg LUX Appendix G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS 110National authority FYRO MKDMadagascar MADMalaysia MAS Malta MLT Mauritius MRI Mexico MEX Moldova MDA Monaco MON Montenegro MNEMorocco MAR Mozambique MOZMyanmar MYA Namibia NAM Netherlands NED Netherlands Antilles AHONew Zealand NZL Nigeria NGRNorway NOR Oman OMAPakistan PAK Palestine PLEPanama PANPapua New Guinea PNG Paraguay PAR Peru PER Philippines PHI Poland POL Portugal POR Puerto Rico PUR Qatar QAT Romania ROU Russia RUS National authority LettersSamoa SAMSan Marino SMR Saudi Arabia KSASenegal SENSerbia SRBSeychelles SEY Singapore SIN Slovak Republic SVK Slovenia SLO South Africa RSA Spain ESPSri Lanka SRI St Lucia LCA Sudan SUDSweden SWESwitzerland SUI Tahiti TAH Tanzania TANThailand THA Trinidad Tobago TRI Tunisia TUN Turkey TUR Uganda UGAUkraine UKR United Arab Emirates UAEUnited States of America USAUruguay URU US Virgin Islands ISV Vanuatu VANVenezuela VEN Vietnam VIEZimbabwe ZIM Appendix G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS 111G12 Specifications a National letters and sail numbers shall be in capital letters and Arabic numerals clearly legible and of the same colour Commercially available typefaces giving the same or better legibility than Helvetica are acceptable b The height of characters and space between adjoining characters on the same and opposite sides of the sail shall be related to the boats overall length as follows Overall length Minimum height Minimum space between characters and from edge of sailUnder 35 m230 mm45 mm 35 m 85 m300 mm60 mm 85 m 11 m375 mm75 mm Over 11 m 450 mm90 mm G13 Positioning Class insignia national letters and sail numbers shall be positioned as follows a Except as provided in rules G13d and G13e class insignia national letters and sail numbers shall if possible be wholly above an arc whose centre is the head point and whose radius is 60 of the leech length They shall be placed at different heights on the two sides of the sail those on the starboard side being uppermost b The class insignia shall be placed above the national letters If the class insignia is of such a design that two of them coincide when placed back to back on both sides of the sail they may be so placed c National letters shall be placed above the sail number d The national letters and sail number shall be displayed on the front side of a spinnaker but may be placed on both sides They shall be displayed wholly below an arc whose centre is the head point and whose radius is 40 of the foot median and if possible wholly above an arc whose radius is 60 of the foot median Appendix G IDENTIFICATION ON SAILS 112e The national letters and sail number shall be displayed on both sides of a headsail whose clew can extend behind the mast 30 or more of the mainsail foot length They shall be displayed wholly below an arc whose centre is the head point and whose radius is half the luff length and if possible wholly above an arc whose radius is 75 of the luff length G2 OTHER BOATS Other boats shall comply with the rules of their national authority or class association in regard to the allotment carrying and size of insignia letters and numbers Such rules shall when practicable conform to the above requirements G3 CHARTERED OR LOANED BOATS When so stated in the notice of race or sailing instructions a boat chartered or loaned for an event may carry national letters or a sail number in contravention of her class rules G4 WARNINGS AND PENALTIES When a protest committee finds that a boat has broken a rule of this appendix it shall either warn her and give her time to comply or penalize her G5 CHANGES BY CLASS RULES ISAF Classes may change the rules of this appendix provided the changes have first been approved by the H WEIGHING CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT See rule 43 This appendix shall not be changed by sailing instructions or prescriptions of national authorities H1 Items of clothing and equipment to be weighed shall be arranged on a rack After being saturated in water the items shall be allowed to drain freely for one minute before being weighed The rack must allow the items to hang as they would hang from clothes hangers so as to allow the water to drain freely Pockets that have drainholes that cannot be closed shall be empty but pockets or items that can hold water shall be full H2 When the weight recorded exceeds the amount permitted the competitor may rearrange the items on the rack and the equipment inspector or measurer shall again soak and weigh them This procedure may be repeated a second time if the weight still exceeds the amount permitted H3 A competitor wearing a dry suit may choose an alternative means of weighing the items a The dry suit and items of clothing and equipment that are worn outside the dry suit shall be weighed as described above b Clothing worn underneath the dry suit shall be weighed as worn while racing without draining c The two weights shall be added together 114APPENDIX J NOTICE OF RACE AND SAILING INSTRUCTIONS See rules 892a and 902 The term race includes a regatta or other series of racesJ1 NOTICE OF RACE CONTENTS J11 The notice of race shall include the following information 1 the title place and dates of the race and name of the organizing authority 2 that the race will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing 3 a list of any other documents that will govern the event for example The Equipment Rules of Sailing to the extent that they apply stating where or how each document or a copy of it may be seen 4 the classes to race any handicap or rating system that will be used and the classes to which it will apply conditions of entry and any restrictions on entries 5 the times of registration and warning signals for the practice race if one is scheduled and the first race and succeeding races if known J12 The notice of race shall include any of the following that will apply and that would help competitors decide whether to attend the event or that conveys other information they will need before the sailing instructions become available 1 identification of any racing rules that will be changed see rule 86 a summary of the changes and a statement that the changes will appear in full in the sailing instructions also if rule 862 applies include the statement from ISAF authorizing the change 2 that boats will be required to display advertising chosen and supplied by the organizing authority see rule 80 and ISAF Appendix J NOTICE OF RACE AND SAILING INSTRUCTIONS 115Regulation 20 Advertising Code and other information related to Regulation 20 3 any classification requirements that some or all competitors must satisfy see rule 79 and ISAF Regulation 22 Sailor Classification Code 4 for an event where entries from other countries are expected any national prescriptions that may require advance preparation see rule 88 5 the procedures for registration or entry including fees and any closing dates 6 an entry form to be signed by the boats owner or owners representative containing words such as I agree to be bound by The Racing Rules of Sailing and by all other rules that govern this event 7 equipment inspection measurement procedures or requirements for measurement certificates or for handicap or rating certificates 8 the time and place at which the sailing instructions will be available 9 changes to class rules as permitted under rule 87 referring specifically to each rule and stating the change 10 the courses to be sailed 11 the penalty for breaking a rule of Part 2 other than the TwoTurns Penalty 12 denial of the right of appeal subject to rule 705 13 the scoring system if different from the Low Point System in Appendix A the number of races scheduled and the minimum number that must be completed to constitute a series 14 for chartered or loaned boats whether rule G3 applies 15 prizes Appendix J NOTICE OF RACE AND SAILING INSTRUCTIONS 116J2 SAILING INSTRUCTION CONTENTSJ21 The sailing instructions shall include the following information 1 that the race will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing 2 a list of any other documents that will govern the event for example The Equipment Rules of Sailing to the extent that they apply 3 the schedule of races the classes to race and times of warning signals for each class 4 the courses to be sailed or a list of marks from which the course will be selected and if relevant how courses will be signalled 5 descriptions of marks including starting and finishing marks stating the order in which marks are to be passed and the side on which each is to be left and identifying all rounding markssee rule 282 6 descriptions of the starting and finishing lines class flags and any special signals to be used 7 the time limit if any for finishing 8 the handicap or rating system to be used if any and the classes to which it will apply 9 the scoring system if different from the Low Point System in Appendix A included by reference to class rules or other rulesgoverning the event or stated in full State the number of races scheduled and the minimum number that must be completed to constitute a series J22 The sailing instructions shall include those of the following that will apply 1 that boats will be required to display advertising chosen and supplied by the organizing authority see rule 80 and ISAF Regulation 20 Advertising Code and other information related to Regulation 20 2 replacement of the rules of Part 2 with the rightofway rules of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Seaor other government rightofway rules the times or places they will apply and any night signals to be used by the race committee Appendix J NOTICE OF RACE AND SAILING INSTRUCTIONS 1173 changes to the racing rules permitted by rule 86 referring specifically to each rule and stating the change also if rule 862 applies include the statement from ISAF authorizing the change 4 changes to the national prescriptions see rule 882 5 prescriptions that will apply if boats will pass through the waters of more than one national authority while racing and when they will apply see rule 881 6 when appropriate at an event where entries from other countries are expected a copy in English of the national prescriptions that will apply 7 changes to class rules as permitted under rule 87 referring specifically to each rule and stating the change 8 restrictions controlling changes to boats when supplied by the organizing authority 9 procedures for equipment inspection or measurement 10 locations of official notice boards 11 procedure for changing the sailing instructions 12 procedure for giving oral changes to the sailing instructions on the water see rule 902c 13 safety requirements such as requirements and signals for personal flotation devices checkin at the starting area and checkout and checkin ashore 14 declaration requirements 15 signals to be made ashore and location of signal stations 16 the racing area a chart is recommended 17 approximate course length and approximate length of windward legs 18 description of any area designated by the race committee to be an obstruction see the definition Obstruction 19 the time limit if any for the first boat to finish and the time limit if any for boats other than the first boat to finish 20 time allowances 21 the location of the starting area and any restrictions on entering it Appendix J NOTICE OF RACE AND SAILING INSTRUCTIONS 11822 any special procedures or signals for individual or general recall 23 boats identifying mark locations 24 any special procedures or signals for changing a leg of the course see rule 33 25 any special procedures for shortening the course or for finishing a shortened course 26 restrictions on use of support boats plastic pools radios etc on trash disposal on hauling out and on outside assistance provided to a boat that is not racing 27 the penalty for breaking a rule of Part 2 other than the TwoTurns Penalty 28 whether Appendix P will apply 29 when and under what circumstances propulsion is permitted under rule 423i 30 time limits place of hearings and special procedures for protests requests for redress or requests for reopening 31 if rule N14b will apply the time limit for requesting a hearing under that rule 32 denial of the right of appeal subject to rule 705 33 when required by rule 703 the national authority to which appeals and requests may be sent 34 the national authoritys approval of the appointment of an international jury when required under rule 91b35 substitution of competitors 36 the minimum number of boats appearing in the starting area required for a race to be started 37 when and where races postponed or abandoned for the day will be sailed 38 tides and currents 39 prizes 40 other commitments of the race committee and obligations of boats 119APPENDIX K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE This guide provides a notice of race designed primarily for major championship regattas for one or more classes It therefore will be particularly useful for world continental and national championships and other events of similar importance It can be downloaded from the ISAF website as a basic text for producing a notice of race for any particular event The guide can also be useful for other events However for such events some of the paragraphs will be unnecessary or undesirable Organizing authorities should therefore be careful in making their choices This guide relates closely to Appendix L Sailing Instructions Guide and its expanded version Appendix LE on the ISAF website the introduction to which contains principles that also apply to a notice of raceTo use this guide first review rule J1 and decide which paragraphs will be needed Paragraphs that are required by rule J11 are marked with an asterisk Delete all inapplicable or unnecessary paragraphs Select the version preferred where there is a choice Follow the directions in the left margin to fill in the spaces where a solid line appears and select the preferred wording if a choice or option is shown in brackets After deleting unused paragraphs renumber all paragraphs in sequential order Be sure that paragraph numbers are correct where one paragraph refers to another The items listed below when applicable should be distributed with the notice of race but should not be included as numbered paragraphs inthe notice 1 An entry form to be signed by the boats owner or owners representative containing words such as I agree to be bound by The Racing Rules of Sailing and by all other rules that govern this event Appendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 1202 For an event where entries from other countries are expected the applicable national prescriptions in English 3 List of sponsors if appropriate 4 Lodging and camping information 5 Description of meal facilities 6 Race committee and protest committee members 7 Special mooring or storage requirements 8 Sail and boat repair facilities and ships chandlers 9 Availability of chartered or loaned boats and whether rule G3 will apply On separate lines insert the full name of the regatta the inclusive dates from measurement or the practice race until the final race or closing ceremony the name of the organizing authority and the city and country NOTICE OF RACE 1 RULES 11 The regatta will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of SailingUse the first sentence if appropriate Insert the name List by number and title the prescriptions that will not apply see rule 88 Use the second sentence if it applies and if entries from other countries are expected and state the relevant prescriptions in full 12 The following prescriptions of the national authority will not apply The prescriptions that may require advance preparation are stated in full below OR Appendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 121Use if appropriate but only if the national authority for the venue of the event has not adopted a prescription to rule 88 12 No national prescriptions will apply List by name any other documents that govern the event for example The Equipment Rules of Sailing to the extent that they apply 13 will apply See rule 86 Insert the rule numbers and summarize the changes 14 Racing rules will be changed as follows The changes will appear in full in the sailing instructions The sailing instructions may also change other racing rules Insert the rule numbers and class name Make a separate statement for the rules of each class 15 Under rule 87 rules of the class rules will not applyis are changed as follows 16 If there is a conflict between languages the English text will take precedence 2 ADVERTISING See ISAF Regulation 20 Advertising Code Include other applicable information related to Regulation 20 21 Competitor advertising will be restricted as follows See ISAF Regulation 20 22 Boats chosen and supplied by the organizing authority 3 ELIGIBILITY AND ENTRY Insert the classes 31 The regatta is open to all boats of the classes OR Appendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 122Insert the classes and eligibility requirements 31 The regatta is open to boats of the classes that Insert the postal fax and email addresses and entry closing date 32 Eligible boats may enter by completing the attached form and sending it together with the required fee to by Insert any conditions 33 Late entries will be accepted under the following conditions Insert any restrictions 34 The following restrictions on the number of boats apply Insert any requirements 4 CLASSIFICATION The following classification apply see rule 79 5 FEESInsert all required fees for racing 51 Required fees are as follows Class Fee Insert optional fees for example for social events 52 Other fees Use only when a class is divided into fleets racing a qualifying series and a final series 6 QUALIFYING SERIES AND FINAL SERIES The regatta will consist of a qualifying series and a final seriesAppendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 123 7 SCHEDULEInsert the day date and times 71 Registration Day and date From To Insert the day date and times 72 Measurement and inspection Day and date From To Revise as desired and insert the dates and classes Include a practice race if any When the series consists of qualifying races and final races specify them Theschedule can also be given in an attachment 73 Dates of racing Date Class Class racing racing racing reserve day reserve day racing racing racing racing racingInsert the classes and numbers 74 Number of races Class Number Races per day Insert the time 75 The scheduled time of the warning signal for the practice racefirst raceeach day 8 MEASUREMENTS Each boat shall produce a valid OR List the measurements with appropriate references to the class rules Each boat shall produce a valid the following measurements K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 124Insert the time date and location 9 SAILING INSTRUCTIONS The sailing instructions will be available after on at 10 VENUEInsert a number or letter Provide a marked map with driving instructions 101 Attachment shows the location of the regatta harbour Insert a number or letter Provide a marked map or chart 102 Attachment shows the location of the racing areas Include the description 11 THE COURSES The courses to be sailed will be as follows OR Insert a number or letter A method of illustrating various courses is shown in Addendum A of Appendix L or LE Insert the course length if applicableThe diagrams in Attachment show the courses including the approximate angles between legs the order in which marks are to be passed and the side on which each mark is to be left The approximate course length will be 12PENALTY SYSTEMInclude paragraph 121 only when the TwoTurns Penalty will not be used Insert the number of places or describe the penalties 121 The Scoring Penalty rule 443 will apply The penalty will be places OR 121 The penalties are as follows Insert the classes 122 For the classes rule 441 is changed so that the TwoTurns Penalty is replaced by the OneTurn Penalty Include only if the protest committee is an international jury or another provision of rule 705 applies 123 Decisions of the protest juryprovided in rule 705 Appendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 125 13 SCORINGInclude only if the Low Point System of Appendix A will not be used Describe the system 131 The scoring system is as follows Insert the number 132 races are required to be completed to constitute a series Insert the numbers throughout 133 a When fewer than races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores b When from to races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her worst score c When or more races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her two worst scores Insert the identification markings National letters are suggested for international events 14 SUPPORT BOATS Support boats shall be marked with 15 BERTHING Boats shall be kept in their assigned places while they are in the boat parkharbour 16 HAULOUT RESTRICTIONS Keelboats shall not be hauled out during the regatta except with and according to the terms of prior written permission of the race committee Appendix K NOTICE OF RACE GUIDE 126 17 DIVING EQUIPMENT AND PLASTIC POOLS Underwater breathing apparatus and plastic pools or their equivalent shall not be used around keelboats between the preparatory signal of the first race and the end of the regattaInsert any alternative text that applies Describe the radio communication bands or frequencies that will be used or allowed 18 RADIO COMMUNICATION Except in an emergency a boat shall neither make radio transmissions while racing nor receive radio communications not available to all boats This restriction also applies to mobile telephones If perpetual trophies will be awarded state their complete names 19 PRIZES Prizes will be given as follows The laws applicable to the venue in which the event is held may limit disclaimers Any disclaimer should be drafted to comply with those laws 20 DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY Competitors participate in the regatta entirely at their own risk See rule 4 Decision to Race The organizing authority will not accept any liability for material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to during or after the regatta Insert the currency and amount 21 INSURANCE Each participating boat shall be insured with valid thirdparty liability insurance with a minimum cover of per incident or the equivalent Insert necessary contact information 22 FURTHER INFORMATION For further information please contact 127APPENDIX L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE This guide provides a set of tested sailing instructions designed primarily for major championship regattas for one or more classes It therefore will be particularly useful for world continental and national championships and other events of similar importance The guide can also be useful for other events however for such events some of these instructions will be unnecessary or undesirable Race officers should therefore be careful in making their choices An expanded version of the guide Appendix LE is available on the ISAF website It contains provisions applicable to the largest and most complicated multiclass events as well as variations on several of the sailing instructions recommended in this appendix It will be revised from time to time to reflect advances in race management techniques as they develop and can be downloaded as a basic text for producing the sailing instructions for any particular event Appendix L can also be downloaded from the ISAF websiteThe principles on which all sailing instructions should be based are as follows 1 They should include only two types of statement the intentions of the race committee and protest committeeand the obligations of competitors 2 They should be concerned only with racing Information about social events assignment of moorings etc should be provided separately 3 They should not change the racing rules except when clearly desirable When they do so they must follow rule 86 by referring specifically to the rule being changed and stating the change 4 They should not repeat or restate any of the racing rules 5 They should not repeat themselves 6 They should be in chronological order that is the order in which the competitor will use them 7 They should when possible use words or phrases from the racing rules Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 128To use this guide first review rule J2 and decide which instructions will be needed Instructions that are required by rule J21 are marked with an asterisk Delete all inapplicable or unnecessary instructions Select the version preferred where there is a choice Follow the directions in the left margin to fill in the spaces where a solid line appears and select the preferred wording if a choice or option is shown in brackets After deleting unused instructions renumber all instructions in sequential order Be sure that instruction numbers are correct where one instruction refers to another On separate lines insert the full name of the regatta the inclusive dates from measurement or the practice race until the final race or closing ceremony the name of the organizing authority and the city and country SAILING INSTRUCTIONS 1 RULES 11 The regatta will be governed by the rules as defined in The Racing Rules of Sailing Use the first sentence if appropriate Insert the name List by number and title the prescriptions that will not apply see rule 882 Use the second sentence if it applies and if entries from other national authorities are expected and state the prescriptions in full Include the prescriptions in English when appropriate see rule 902b 12 The following prescriptions of the national authority will not apply The prescriptions that will apply are stated in full below OR Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 129Use if appropriate but only if the national authority for the venue of the event has not adopted a prescription to rule 88 12 No national prescriptions will apply List by name any other documents that govern the event for example The Equipment Rules of Sailing to the extent that they apply 13 will apply See rule 86 Either insert here the rule numbers and state the changes or if not using this instruction do the same in each instruction that changes a rule 14 Racing rules will be changed as follows Insert the rule numbers and class name Make a separate statement for the rules of each class 15 Under rule 87 rules of the class rules will not applyis are changed as follows 16 If there is a conflict between languages the English text will take precedence Insert the locations 2 NOTICES TO COMPETITORS Notices to competitors will be posted on the official notice boards located at Change the times if different 3 CHANGES TO SAILING INSTRUCTIONS Any change to the sailing instructions will be posted before 0900 on the day it will take effect except that any change to the schedule of races will be posted by 2000 on the day before it will take effect 4 SIGNALS MADE ASHORE Insert the location 41 Signals made ashore will be displayed at Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 130Insert the number of minutes 42 When flag AP is displayed ashore 1 minute is replaced with not less than minutes in the race signal AP OR Insert the number of minutes 42 Flag D with one sound means The warning signal will be made not less than minutes after flag D is displayed Boats are requested not to leave the harbour until this signal is made43 When flag Y is displayed ashore rule 40 applies at all times while afloat This changes the Part 4 preamble 5 SCHEDULE OF RACES Revise as desired and insert the dates and classes Include a practice race if any When the series consists of qualifying races and final races specify them The schedule can also be given in an attachment 51 Dates of racing Date Class Class racing racing racing reserve day reserve day racing racing racing racing racing Insert the classes and numbers 52 Number of races Class Number Races per day One extra race per day may be sailed provided that no class becomes more than one race ahead of schedule and the change is made according to instruction 3 Insert the time 53 The scheduled time of the warning signal for the first race each day is 54 Toalert boats that a race or sequence of races will begin soon the orange starting Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 131line flag will be displayed with one sound at least five minutes before a warning signal is made Insert the time 55 On the last day of the regatta no warning signal will be made after Insert the classes and names or descriptions of the flags 6 CLASS FLAGS Class flags will be Class Flag Insert a number or letter 7 RACING AREAS Attachment shows the location of racing areas 8 THE COURSES Insert a number or letter A method of illustrating various courses is shown in Addendum A Insert the course length if applicable 81 The diagrams in Attachment show the courses including the approximate angles between legs the order in which marks are to be passed and the side on which each mark is to be left The approximate course length will be 82 No later than the warning signal the race committee signal boat will display the approximate compass bearing of the first leg 83 Courses will not be shortened This changes rule 32 Include only when changing positions of marks is impracticable 84 Legs of the course will not be changed after the preparatory signal This changes rule 33 9 MARKS Change the mark numbers 91 Marks 1 2 3 and 4 will be Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 132as needed and insert the descriptions of the marks Use the second alternative when Marks 4S and 4P form a gate with Mark 4S to be left to starboard and Mark 4P to port OR 91 Marks 1 2 3 4S and 4P will be OR Insert the number or letter used in Instruction 81 91 Marks are described in Attachment Unless it is clear from the course diagrams list the marks that are rounding marks 92 The following marks are rounding marks Insert the descriptions of the marks 93 New marks as provided in instruction 121 will be Describe the starting and finishing marks for example the race committee signal boat at the starboard end and a buoy at the port end Instruction 112 will describe the starting line and instruction 13 the finishing line 94 The starting and finishing marks will be Include if instruction 122 is included 95 A race committee boat signalling a change of a leg of the course is a mark as provided in instruction 122 Describe each area by its location and any easily recognized details of appearance 10 AREAS THAT ARE OBSTRUCTIONS The following areas are designated as obstructions 11 THE START Include only if the asterisked option in rule 26 will be used Insert the number of minutes 111 Races will be started by using rule 26 with the warning signal made minutes before the starting signal Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 133 OR Describe any starting system other than that stated in rule 26 111 Races will be started as follows This changes rule 26 112The starting line will be between staffs displaying orange flags on the starting marks OR 112The starting line will be between a staff displaying an orange flag on the startingmark at the starboard end and the course side of the portend starting mark OR Insert the description 112The starting line will be 113 Boats whose warning signal has not been made shall avoid the starting area during the starting sequence for other races Insert the number of minutes 114 A boat starting later than minutes after her starting signal will be scored Did Not Start without a hearing This changes rule A4 May be used as an alternative to rule 303 115 If flag U has been displayed as the preparatory signal no part of a boats hull crew or equipment shall be in the triangle formed by the ends of the starting line and the first markduring the last minute before her starting signal If a boat breaks this rule and is identified she shall be disqualified without a hearing but not if the race is restarted or resailed or postponed or abandoned before the starting signal This changes rule 26 Insert the channel number 116 If any part of a boats hull crew or equipment is on the course side of the starting line during the two minutes before her starting signal and she is identified the Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 134race committee will attempt to broadcast her sail number on VHF channel Failure to make a broadcast or to time it accurately will not be grounds for a request for redress This changes rule 621a 12 CHANGE OF THE NEXT LEG OF THE COURSE 121 To change the next leg of the course the race committee will move the original mark or the finishing line to a new position OR 121 To change the next leg of the course the race committee will lay a new mark or move the finishing line and remove the original mark as soon as practicable When in a subsequent change a new mark is replaced it will be replaced by an original mark When instruction 122 is included instruction 95 must also be included Reverse port and starboard when the mark is to be left to starboard122 Except at a gate boats shall pass between the race committee boat signalling the change of the next leg and the nearby mark leaving the mark to port and the race committee boat to starboard This changes rule 28 13 THE FINISH 131The finishing line will be between staffs displaying orange flags on the finishing marks OR 131The finishing line will be between a staff displaying an orange flag on the finishing mark at the starboard end and the course side of the portend finishing mark OR Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 135Insert the description 131The finishing line will be 132 If the race committee is absent when a boat finishes she should report her finishing time and her position in relation to nearby boats to the race committee at the first reasonable opportunity 14 PENALTY SYSTEM Include instruction 141 only when the TwoTurns Penalty will not be used Insert the number of places or describe the penalties 141 The Scoring Penalty rule 443 will apply The penalty will be places OR 141 The penalties are as follows Insert the classes 142 For the classes rule 441 is changed so that the TwoTurns Penalty is replaced by the OneTurn Penalty Unless all of Appendix P applies state any restrictions 143 Appendix P will apply as changed by instructions only for junior events 144 Rule P23 will not apply and rule P22 is changed so that it will apply to any penalty after the first one 15 TIME LIMITS AND TARGET TIMES Insert the classes and times Omit the Mark 1 time limit and target timeif inapplicable 151Time limits and target times are as follows Class Time limit Mark 1 Target time limit time If no boat has passed Mark 1 within the Mark 1 time limit the race will be abandoned Failure to meet the target time will not be grounds for redress This changes rule 621a Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 136Insert the time or different times for different classes 152 Boats failing to finish within after the first boat sails the course and finishes will be scored Did Not Finish without a hearing This changes rules 35 A4 and A5 16 PROTESTS AND REQUESTS FOR REDRESS State the location if necessary 161 Protest forms are available at the race office located at requests for redress or reopening shall be delivered there within the appropriate time limit Change the time if different 162 For each class the protest time limit is 90 minutes after the last boat has finished the last race of the day or the race committee signals no more racing today whichever is later Change the posting time if different Insert the protest room location and if applicable the time for the first hearing 163 Notices will be posted no later than 30 minutes after the protest time limit to inform competitors of hearings in which they are parties or named as witnesses Hearings will be held in the protest room located at beginning at the time posted 164 Notices of protests by the race committee or protest committee will be posted to inform boats under rule 611b 165 A list of boats that under instruction 143 have been penalized for breaking rule 42 will be posted 166 Breaches of instructions 113 18 21 23 24 25 26 and 27 will not be grounds for a protest by a boat This changes rule 601a Penalties for these breaches may be less than if the protest committee so L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 137167 On the last scheduled day of racing a request for reopening a hearing shall be delivered a within the protest time limit if the requesting party was informed of the decision on the previous day Change the time if different b no later than 30 minutes after the requesting party was informed of the decision on that day This changes rule 66 168 On the last scheduled day of racing a request for redress based on a protest committee decision shall be delivered no later than 30 minutes after the decision was posted This changes rule 622 Include only if rule 705 applies 169 Decisions of the protest juryprovided in rule 705 17 SCORING Include only if the Low Point System of Appendix A will not be used Describe the system 171The scoring system is as follows Insert the number 172 races are required to be completed to constitute a series Insert the numbers throughout 173 a When fewer than races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores b When from to races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her worst score Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 138c When or more races have been completed a boats series score will be the total of her race scores excluding her two worst scores 18 SAFETY REGULATIONS Insert the procedure for checkout and checkin 181 CheckOut and CheckIn 182 A boat that retires from a race shall notify the race committee as soon as possible 19 REPLACEMENT OF CREW OR EQUIPMENT 191 Substitution of competitors will not be allowed without prior written approval of the race committee192 Substitution of damaged or lost equipment will not be allowed unless authorized by the race for substitution shall be made to the committee at the first reasonable opportunity 20 EQUIPMENT AND MEASUREMENT CHECKS A boat or equipment may be inspected at any time for compliance with the class rules and sailing instructions On the water a boat can be instructed by a race committee equipment inspector or measurer to proceed immediately to a designated area for inspection See ISAF Regulation 204 Insert necessary information on the display of event advertising material 21 EVENT ADVERTISING Boats shall display event advertising supplied by the organizing authority as follows Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 139Insert the descriptions If appropriate use different identification markings for boats performing different duties 22 OFFICIAL BOATS Official boats will be marked as follows 23 SUPPORT BOATS 231 Team leaders coaches and other support personnel shall stay outside areas where boats are racing from the time of the preparatory signal for the first class to start until all boats have finished or retiredor the race committee signals a postponement general recall or abandonment Insert the identification markings National letters are suggested for international events 232 Support boats shall be marked with 24 TRASH DISPOSAL Trash may be placed aboard support or official boats 25 HAULOUT RESTRICTIONS Keelboats shall not be hauled out during the regatta except with and according to the terms of prior written permission of the race committee 26 DIVING EQUIPMENT AND PLASTIC POOLS Underwater breathing apparatus and plastic pools or their equivalent shall not be used around keelboats between the preparatory signal of the first race and the end of the regatta Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 140Insert any alternative text that applies Describe the radio communication bands or frequencies that will be used or allowed 27 RADIO COMMUNICATION Except in an emergency a boat shall neither make radio transmissions while racing nor receive radio communications not available to all boats This restriction also applies to mobile telephones If perpetual trophies will be awarded state their complete names 28 PRIZES Prizes will be given as follows The laws applicable to the venue in which the event is held may limit disclaimers Any disclaimer should be drafted to comply with those laws 29 DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY Competitors participate in the regatta entirely at their own risk See rule 4 Decision to Race The organizing authority will not accept any liability for material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to during or after the regatta Insert the currency and amount 30 INSURANCE Each participating boat shall be insured with valid thirdparty liability insurance with a minimum cover of per incident or the equivalent Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 141ADDENDUM A ILLUSTRATING THE COURSE Shown here are diagrams of course shapes The boats track is represented by a discontinuous line so that each diagram can describe courses with different numbers of laps If more than one course may be used for a class state how each particular course will be signalled A CourseStart 1 2 1 2 Finish Options for this course include 1 increasing or decreasing the number of laps 2 deleting the last windward leg 3 using a gate instead of a leeward mark 4 using an offset mark at the windward mark and 5 using the leeward and windward marks as starting and finishing marks FINISH START Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 142A CourseStart 1 2 3 1 3 Finish Options for this course include 1 increasing or decreasing the number of laps 2 deleting the last windward leg 3 varying the interior angles of the triangle 459045 and 606060 are common 4 using a gate instead of a leeward mark for downwind legs 5 using an offset mark at the beginning of downwind legs and 6 using the leeward and windward marks as starting and finishing marks Be sure to specify the interior angle at each markFINISH START 454590Appendix L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 143Trapezoid Courses Start 1 2 3 2 3 Finish Start 1 4 1 2 3 Finish Options for these courses include 1 adding additional legs 2 replacing the gate shown by a single mark or using a gate also in the outer loop 3 varying the interior angles of the reaching legs 4 using an offset mark at the beginning of downwind legs and 5 finishing boats upwind rather than on a reach Be sure to specify the interior angle of each reaching leg 12060FINISH START 12060FINISH START L SAILING INSTRUCTIONS GUIDE 144ADDENDUM B BOATS PROVIDED BY THE ORGANIZING AUTHORITY The following sailing instruction is recommended when all boats will be provided by the organizing authority It can be changed to suit the circumstances When used it should be inserted after instruction 34 BOATS41 Boats will be provided for all competitors who shall not modify them or cause them to be modified in any way except that a a compass may be tied or taped to the hull or spars b wind indicators including yarn or thread may be tied or taped anywhere on the boat c hulls centreboards and rudders may be cleaned but only with water d adhesive tape may be used anywhere above the water line and e all fittings or equipment designed to be adjusted may be adjusted provided that the class rules are complied with 42 All equipment provided with the boat for sailing purposes shall be in the boat while afloat 43 The penalty for not complying with one of the above instructions will be from all races sailed in which the instruction was broken 44 Competitors shall report any damage or loss of equipment however slight to the organizing authoritys representative immediately after securing the boat ashore The penalty for breaking this instruction unless the protest committee is satisfied that the competitor made a determined effort to comply will be from the race most recently sailed 45 Class rules requiring competitors to be members of the class association will not apply dEeE bch aeeDdD acEeE bch CEeE bch aeeDCD KEeE bch M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEESThis appendix is advisory only in some circumstances changing these procedures may be advisable It is addressed primarily to protest committee chairmen but may also help judges protest committee secretaries race committees and others connected with protest and redress hearings In a protest or redress hearing the protest committee should weigh all testimony with equal care should recognize that honest testimony can vary and even be in conflict as a result of different observations and recollections should resolve such differences as best it can should recognize that no boat or competitor is guilty until a breach of a rule has been established to the satisfaction of the protest committee and should keep an open mind until all the evidence has been heard as to whether a boat or competitor has broken a rule M1 PRELIMINARIES may be performed by race office staff Receive the protest or request for redress Note on the form the time the protest or request is delivered and the protest time limit Inform each party and the race committee when necessary when and where the hearing will be held M2 BEFORE THE HEARINGM21 Make sure that each party has a copy of or the opportunity to read the protestor request for redress and has had reasonable time to prepare for the hearing no member of the protest committee is an Ask the parties whether they object to any member When redress is requested under rule 621a a member of the race committee should not be a member of the protest committee only one person from each boat or party is present unless an interpreter is needed Appendix M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEES 146 all boats and people involved are represented If they are not however the committee may proceed under rule 633b boats were on board when required rule 633a When the parties were in different races both organizing authorities must accept the composition of the protest committee rule 638 In a measurement protest obtain the current class rules and identify the authority responsible for interpreting them rule 643b M22 Determine if any members of the protest committee saw the incident If so require each of them to state that fact in the presence of the parties rule 636 M3 THE HEARINGM31 Check the validity of the protest or request for redress Are the contents adequate rule 612 or 62 Was it delivered in time If not is there good reason to extend the time limit rule 613 or 622 When required was the protestor involved in or a witness to the incident rule 601a When necessary was Protest hailed and if required a red flag displayed correctly rule 611a When the flag or hail was not necessary was the protestee informed Decide whether the protest or request for redress is valid rule 635 Once the validity of the protest or request has been determined do not let the subject be introduced again unless truly new evidence is available M32 Take the evidence rule 636 Ask the protestor and then the protestee to tell their stories Then allow them to question one another In a redress matter ask the party to state the request Invite questions from protest committee members Make sure you know what facts each party is alleging before calling any witnesses Their stories may be different Appendix M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEES 147 Allow anyone including a boats crew to give evidence It is the party who normally decides which witnesses to call although the protest committee may also call witnesses rule 636 The question asked by a party Would you like to hear N is best answered by It is your choice Call each partys witnesses and the protest committees if any one by one Limit parties to questioning the witnesses they may wander into general statements Invite the protestee to question the protestors witness first and vice versa This prevents the protestor from leading his witness from the beginning Allow members of the protest committee who saw the incident to give evidence rule 636 but only while the parties are present Members who give evidence may be questioned should take care to relate all they know about the incident that could affect the decision and may remain on the protest committee rule 633a Try to prevent leading questions or hearsay evidence but if that is impossible discount the evidence so obtained Accept written evidence from a witness who is not available to be questioned only if all parties agree In doing so they forego their rights to question that witness rule 636 Ask one member of the committee to note down evidence particularly times distances speeds etc Invite first the protestor and then the protestee to make a final statement of her case particularly on any application or interpretation of the rules M33 Find the facts rule 636 Write down the facts resolve doubts one way or the other Call back parties for more questions if necessary When appropriate draw a diagram of the incident using the facts you have found M34 Decide the protest or request for redress rule 64 Base the decision on the facts found if you cannot find some more facts Appendix M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEES 148 In redress cases make sure that no further evidence is needed from boats that will be affected by the decision M35 Inform the parties rule 65 Recall the parties and read them the facts found conclusions and rules that apply and the decision When time presses it is permissible to read the decision and give the details later Give any party a copy of the decision on request File the protest or request for redress with the committee recordsM4 REOPENING A HEARING rule 66M41 When a party within the time limit has asked for a hearing to be reopened hear the party making the request look at any video etc and decide whether there is any significant new evidence that might lead you to change your decision Decide whether your interpretation of the rules may have been wrong be openminded as to whether you have made a mistake If none of these applies refuse to reopen otherwise schedule a hearing M42 Evidence is new if it was not reasonably possible for the party asking for the reopening to have discovered the evidence before the original hearing if the protest committee is satisfied that before the original hearing the evidence was diligently but unsuccessfully sought by the party asking for the reopening or if the protest committee learns from any source that the evidence was not available to the parties at the time of the original hearing M5 GROSS MISCONDUCT rule 69 M51 An action under this rule is not a protest but the protest committee gives its allegations in writing to the competitor before the hearing The hearing is conducted under the same rules as other hearings but the protest committee must have at least three members rule 692b Use the greatest care to protect the competitors rights M52 A competitor or a boat cannot protest under rule 69 but the protest form of a competitor who tries to do so may be accepted as a report Appendix M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEES 149to the protest committee which can then decide whether or not to call a hearing M53 When it is desirable to call a hearing under rule 69 as a result of a Part 2 incident it is important to hear any boatvsboat protest in the normal way deciding which boat if any broke which rule before proceeding against the competitor under this rule M54 Although action under rule 69 is taken against a competitor not a boat a boat may also be penalized rule 692c M55 The protest committee may warn the competitor rule 692c1 in which case no report is to be made rule 692d When a penalty is imposed and a report is made as required by rule 692d or 692f it may be helpful to recommend whether or not further action should be taken M6 APPEALS rule 70 and Appendix RWhen decisions can be appealed retain the papers relevant to the hearing so that the information can easily be used for an appeal Is there a diagram endorsed or prepared by the protest committee Are the facts found sufficient Example Was there an overlap Yes or No Perhaps is not a fact found Are the names of the protest committee members and other important information on the form comments by the protest committee on any appeal should enable the appeals committee to picture the whole incident clearly the appeals committee knows nothing about the situation M7 PHOTOGRAPHIC and videos can sometimes provide useful evidence but protest committees should recognize their limitations and note the following points The party producing the photographic evidence is responsible for arranging the viewing View the video several times to extract all the information from it Appendix M FOR PROTEST COMMITTEES 150 The depth perception of any singlelens camera is very poor with a telephoto lens it is nonexistent When the camera views two overlapped boats at right angles to their course it is impossible to assess the distance between them When the camera views them head on it is impossible to see whether an overlap exists unless it is substantial Ask the following questions Where was the camera in relation to the boats Was the cameras platform moving If so in what direction and how fast Is the angle changing as the boats approach the critical point Fast panning causes radical change Did the camera have an unrestricted view throughout 151APPENDIX N INTERNATIONAL JURIES See rules 705 and 91b This appendix shall not be changed by sailing instructions or national COMPOSITION APPOINTMENT AND An international jury shall be composed of experienced sailors with excellent knowledge of the racing rules and extensive protest committee experience It shall be independent of and have no members from the race committee and be appointed by the organizing authority subject to approval by the national authority if required see rule 91b or by the ISAF under rule 892bN12 The jury shall consist of a chairman a vice chairman if desired and other members for a total of at least five A majority shall be International Judges The jury may appoint a secretary who shall not be a member of the jury N13 No more than two members three in Groups M N and Q shall be from the same national authority N14 a The chairman of a jury may appoint one or more panels composed in compliance with rules N11 N12 and N13 This can be done even if the full jury is not composed in compliance with these rules b The chairman of a jury of fewer than ten members may appoint two or three panels of at least three members each of which the majority shall be International Judges Members of each panel shall be from at least three different national authorities except in Groups M N and Q where they shall be from at least two different national authorities If dissatisfied with a panels decision a party is entitled to a hearing by a panel composed in compliance with rules N11 N12 and N13 except concerning the facts found if requested within the time limit specified in the sailing instructions N15 When a full jury or a panel has fewer than five members because of illness or emergency and no qualified replacements are available it remains properly constituted if it consists of at least three N INTERNATIONAL JURIES 152and if at least two of them are International Judges When there are three or four members they shall be from at least three different national authorities except in Groups M N and Q where they shall be from at least two different national authorities N16 When the national authoritys approval is required for the appointment of an international jury see rule 91b notice of its approval shall be included in the sailing instructions or be posted on the official notice board N17 If the jury or a panel acts while not properly constituted its decisions may be appealed N2 An international jury is responsible for hearing and deciding all protests requests for redress and other matters arising under the rules of Part 5 When asked by the organizing authority or the race committee it shall advise and assist them on any matter directly affecting the fairness of the competition N22 Unless the organizing authority directs otherwise the jury shall decide a questions of eligibility measurement or boat certificates and b whether to authorize the substitution of competitors boats or equipment when a rule requires such a decision N23 The jury shall also decide matters referred to it by the organizing authority or the race committee N3 PROCEDURES N31 Decisions of the jury or of a panel shall be made by a simple majority vote of all members When there is an equal division of votes cast the chairman of the meeting may cast an additional vote N32 When it is considered desirable that some members not participate in discussing and deciding a protest or request for redress and no qualified replacements are available the jury or panel remains properly constituted if at least three members remain and at least two of them are International Judges Appendix N INTERNATIONAL JURIES 153N33 Members shall not be regarded as interested parties see rule 634 by reason of their nationality N34 If a panel fails to agree on a decision it may adjourn in which case the chairman shall refer the matter to a properly constituted panel with as many members as possible which may be the full jury 154APPENDIX P SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR RULE 42 All or part of this appendix applies only if the sailing instructions so stateP1 SIGNALLING A PENALTY A member of the protest committee or its designated observer who sees a boat breaking rule 42 may penalize her by as soon as reasonably possible making a sound signal pointing a yellow flag at her and hailing her sail number even if she is no longer racing A boat so penalized shall not be penalized a second time under rule 42 for the same incident P2 PENALTIES P21 First Penalty When a boat is first penalized under rule P1 her penalty shall be a TwoTurns Penalty under rule 442 If she fails to take it she shall be disqualified without a hearing P22 Second Penalty When a boat is penalized a second time during the regatta her penalty shall be to promptly retire from the race If she fails to take it she shall be disqualified without a hearing and her score shall not be excluded P23 Third and Subsequent Penalties When a boat is penalized a third or subsequent time during the regatta she shall promptly retire from the race If she does so her penalty shall be without a hearing and her score shall not be excluded If she fails to do so her penalty shall be without a hearing from all races in the regatta with no score excluded and the protest committee shall consider calling a hearing under rule 692a Appendix P SPECIAL PROCEDURES FOR RULE 42 155P3 POSTPONEMENT GENERAL RECALL OR ABANDONMENT If a boat has been penalized under rule P1 and the race committee signals a postponement general recall or abandonment the penalty is cancelled but it is still counted to determine the number of times she has been penalized during the regatta P4REDRESS LIMITATIONA boat shall not be given redress for an action by a member of the protest committee or its designated observer under rule P1 unless the action was improper due to a failure to take into account a race committee signal or a class rule P5 FLAGS O AND R a If the class rules permit pumping rocking and ooching when the wind speed exceeds a specified limit the race committee may signal that those actions are permitted as specified in the class rules by displaying flag O no later than the warning signal b If the wind speed exceeds the specified limit after the starting signal the race committee may display flag O with repetitive sounds at a mark to signal to a boat that the actions are permitted as specified in the class rules after she has passed the mark c If the wind speed becomes less than the specified limit after flag O was displayed the race committee may display flag R with repetitive sounds at a mark to signal to a boat that rule 42 as changed by the class rules applies after she has passed the mark 156APPENDIX R PROCEDURES FOR APPEALS AND REQUESTS See rule 70 A national authority may change this appendix by prescription but it shall not be changed by sailing instructions R1 APPEALS AND requests by protest committees for confirmation or correction of their decisions and requests for of the rules shall be made in compliance with this appendixR2 SUBMISSION OF DOCUMENTS R21 To make an appeal a no later than 15 days after receiving the protest committees written decision or its decision not to reopen a hearing the appellant shall send an appeal and a copy of the protest committees decision to the national authority The appeal shall state why the appellant believes the protest committees decision or its procedures were incorrect b when the hearing required by rule 631 has not been held within 30 days after a protest or request for redress was delivered the appellant shall within a further 15 days send an appeal with a copy of the protest or request and any relevant correspondence The national authority shall extend the time if there is good reason to do so c when the protest committee fails to comply with rule 65 the appellant shall within a reasonable time after the hearing send an appeal with a copy of the protest or request and any relevant correspondence If a copy of the protest or request is not available the appellant shall instead send a statement of its substance R22 The appellant shall also send with the appeal or as soon as possible thereafter all of the following documents that are available to her a the written protest or requests for redress Appendix R PROCEDURES FOR APPEALS AND REQUESTS 157b a diagram prepared or endorsed by the protest committee showing the positions and tracks of all boats involved the course to the next mark and the required side the force and direction of the wind and if relevant the depth of water and direction and speed of any current c the notice of race the sailing instructions any other conditions governing the event and any changes to them d any additional relevant documents and e the names postal and email addresses and telephone numbers of all parties to the hearing and the protest committee chairman R23 A request from a protest committee for confirmation or correction of its decision shall be sent no later than 15 days after the decision and shall include the decision and the documents listed in rule R22 A request for an interpretation of the rules shall include assumed facts R3 OF NATIONAL AUTHORITY AND PROTEST COMMITTEE Upon receipt of an appeal or a request for confirmation or correction the national authority shall send to the parties and protest committee copies of the appeal or request and the protest committees decision It shall ask the protest committee for any relevant documents listed in rule R22 not sent by the appellant or the protest committee and the protest committee shall promptly send them to the national authority When the national authority has received them it shall send copies to the parties R4 COMMENTS AND The parties and protest committee may make comments on the appeal or request or on any of the documents listed in rule R22 by sending them in writing to the national authority R42 The national authority may seek clarifications of rules governing the event from organizations that are not parties to the hearing R43 The national authority shall send copies of comments and clarifications received to the parties and protest committee as appropriate Appendix R PROCEDURES FOR APPEALS AND REQUESTS 158R44 Comments on any document shall be made no later than 15 days after receiving it from the national authority R5 INADEQUATE FACTS REOPENINGThe national authority shall accept the protest committees finding of facts except when it decides they are inadequate In that case it shall require the committee to provide additional facts or other information or to reopen the hearing and report any new finding of facts and the committee shall promptly do so R6 WITHDRAWING AN APPEALAn appellant may withdraw an appeal before it is decided by accepting the protest committees decision UJ4jYH9ZXi GReceived by race office Date and time Signature Number Protest Time Limit PROTEST FORM also for requests for redress and reopening Fill in and tick as appropriate 1 EVENT Organizing authority Date Race no 2 TYPE OF HEARING Protest by boat against boat Request for redress by boat or race committee Protest by race committee against boat Consideration of redress by protest by protest committee against boat Request by boat or race committee to reopen hearing Consideration of reopening by protest committee 3 BOAT PROTESTING OR REQUESTING REDRESS OR REOPENING Class Fleet Sail no Boats name Represented by Tel email 4 BOATS PROTESTED OR BEING CONSIDERED FOR REDRESS Class Fleet Sail no Boats name 5 INCIDENT Time and place of incident Rules alleged to have been broken Witnesses 6 INFORMING PROTESTEE How did you inform the protestee of your intention to protest By hailing When Words used By displaying a red flag When By informing her in some other way Give details 7 DESCRIPTION OF INCIDENT use another sheet if necessary Diagram one square hull length show positions of boats wind and current directions marks THIS SIDE FOR PROTEST COMMITTEE USE Number Fill in and tick as appropriate Heard together with numbers Withdrawal requested Signature Withdrawal permitted Class Fleet Race Protest or request for redress or reopening received within time limit Time limit extended Protestor or party requesting redress or reopening represented by Other party or boat being considered for redress represented by Names of witnesses Interpreters Remarks No objection about interested party Written protest or request identifies incident Protest hailed at first reasonable opportunity No hail needed protestee informed at first reasonable opportunity Red flag conspicuously displayed at first reasonable opportunity Protest or request valid hearing will continue Protest or request invalid hearing is closed FACTS FOUND Diagram of boat is endorsed by committee Committees diagram is attached CONCLUSIONS AND RULES THAT APPLY DECISION Protest dismissed Boats is are disqualified from races penalized as follows Redress not given given as follows Request to reopen a hearing denied granted Protest committee chairman and other members Chairmans signature Date and time INDEX References are to rule numbers for example 273 appendices and their rule numbers for example C or E35 and sections of the book for example Introduction Race Signals Defined terms appear in italics Appendices K L and M are not indexed except for their titles 360Turn Penalty B4 F4 AbandonRace Signals Postpone Racing 273 321 35 C32 D27 D54 J2237abandoned race and redress 642 abandoned race scoring and penalties 302 303 35 903a B10 E7 P3 about to round or pass B preamble B2 F preamble F2 acceptance of the rules 3 advantage gained 41 423i 441b B4 C83a D23c D31d E43 E53 F4 Advertising Code ISAF Regulation 20 Introduction Rule 762 80 B9 J122 J221 aground grounding 23 423h B2 F2 allegations of gross misconduct 69 allege alleged allegation of Party Protest 5 601a 69 D12 E61 E68anchor line of mark Mark Part 2 Section C preamble anchor anchored anchoring 23 45 AntiDoping Code ISAF Regulation 21 Introduction Rule 5appeal class rules 643c appeal no right of no request for 704 705 B10 C91 D27b F5 J1212 J2232 appeal right of 701 N17 appeal decisions 71 appeal different national authorities 703 J2233 appeal withdrawing R6 appeals procedures 3b 706 R appendix changes to no changes to 861a G5 H N R preambles arm signal C28 D11d avoid avoiding contact Keep Clear Obstruction 14 183a 20 23 B2 B12 E13c F preamble F2 Backing a sail 223 bail out 45 51 ballast movable 51 beat to windward 181a 423c black black white flag by umpire C54 D12d D24c black flag rule Race Signals 26 303 E37 boat owner 2 3 691a 692d 693c 781 E8b G11c J126 boom 503 bowsprit 503a breach of breaking rule Sportsmanship and the Rules Protest 5 Part 2 preamble 14 202b 21 302 303 36 431c 441 601a 603a2 621b 633a 641 67 713 A11 B5 B12 C82 C84 C105b D12 D13 D31d E47b E58 P2 See also advantage gained by retire breach gross 69 P23 INDEX 162breakdowns D12g D5 breaking rule 14 14 C66c C86 D23d breaking rule 42 P breaking rule and restarted or resailed races 36 breaking rule of Part 2 3 or 4 633a E51 E54 E57 breaking rule of Part 2 441 601a 621b E44 E55a breaking rule advantage gained control gained 441b C65b C83a D31d breaking rule failure to take penalty D23 breaking rule no advantage gained C66b breaking rule penalties at time of incident 44 breaking rule starting penalty 302 303 Call Book for Match Racing Introduction Call Book for Team Racing Introduction capsize capsized 23 B preamble B2 B11 D55 F preamble F2 F5 Case Book Introduction certificate See measurement rating boat certificate change changing course See course change of changes to prescriptions See prescriptions changes to rules See rules changes to changes to sailing instructions See sailing instructions changes to changing leg of course Race Signals 33 chartered boats G3 J1214 class association 763 87 891e G11c G2 class flag Race Signals 26 J216 class insignia 77 B11 E8 G13 class rules changes to 87 J129 J219 J227 class rules clothing and equipment 431b class rules protests 643 class rules Introduction Rule d 12 492 78 79 861c B6 G3 G5 P5 class ISAF 763 G1 classification J123 See also Sailor Classification Code clear astern and clear ahead 12 17 182be 192c B2 B11 D11b F2 closehauled course 13 183a 201b 423d 54 C24 C72a1 C73a F2 clothing and equipment 40 431 B4 F4 H Codes ISAF See ISAF Codes collision 41b 423h coming in and going out B11 compass bearing 33a conduct of a race 2536 85 901 B33 E3 conflicting rules See rules conflicting contact Keep Clear 14 183 B2 D12a D13c D23b E51b F preamble continuing obstruction See obstruction continuing costs measurement protest 643d course change of by boat Keep Clear Obstruction 16 201 B2 C211 D11f F preamble F2 course change of by race committee Race Signals 32 33 E310 course designating 271 INDEX 163course proper See proper course course area B11 B12 course side of starting line 291 292 301 A11 B34 C32a C42 course signals Race Signals 271 course sailing the 28 35 E51c course Finish Keep Clear Obstruction Proper Course court or tribunal 3c crew and movement of body See propulsion crew Introduction Finish Start 291 30 41 41b 421 423 45 472 49 52 621 691 80 B10 C32 D54 D55 E12a Damage and informing protestee 611a4 damage exoneration for 14b damage and rule 14 C62a C66c C86 D12d D23d D31d E69 damage by team member D12f damage measurement deviation caused by 643a B5 damage redress for 621b damage serious 441 603a1 635 B4 E43c F4 damages financial 67 danger 11 23 41a 423g 472 B2 E42 F2 decision to consider redress 621 decision to race 4 decision by national authority 71 decision by protest committee Interested Party 64 B44 C66 C84 D24b D31c B5 B12 E69 decision by umpires C65 C84 D24 D27 decision appeal of 701a C91 R decision confirmation correction of 702 R1 R23 decision communicating 65 B10 C66a D12e F5 definitions changes B preamble C2 D11a E11 F preamble Definitions no changes to 861 diagram of incident 652 R22b disciplinary action 621d 693a disciplines racing expression speed B preamble and scoring 903 A42 A5 A6 of party to a protest hearing 641 E7 without hearing 303 B10 P2 measurement 643c 782 by umpires C54 C72 C85 nonexcludable 2 303 692c dry suit 40 H3 Electronic communication D11g Eligibility Code ISAF Regulation 19 Introduction Rule 693 694 752 eligibility suspension of 693 694 N22a elimination series B preamble B10 B11 F5 engine use of 423hi English use of 902b J226 entries from other countries 902b J124 J226 entry and qualification 7581 J1256 equipment clothing for increasing weight 431 B4 F4 H equipment inspection inspector 431c 621a 783 H2 J127 Equipment Rules of Sailing The J113 J212 INDEX 164equipment defective repair replacement B11 D55 F4 N22b equipment lifesaving 12 40 equipment limitations on 47 equipment for boat Clear Astern and Clear Ahead Overlap Finish Start 12 30 423h 471 783 H error by race committee protest committee 292 321a 621a 66 evidence new and significant 66 evidence at hearings 633a 635 636 642 B10 C66a D12e D53 E68 F5 See also facts excluding a score A2 A81 A82 exclusion of boat or competitor 692c2 76 C66c exclusion of witness from hearing 633a exonerate exoneration 14 21 641 641a C81b D22d D31d expression competition B preamble B10 B11 Facts found finding 636 692e E68 N14b facts in appeals 701a 713 facts in measurement protests 643b B5 facts in redress 642 facts assumed R23 facts inadequate insufficient D26 R5 facts informing the parties 651 facts new R5 fair play 2 fair sailing 2 fairness 321e 637 642 N21 fetching MarkRoom 183 201c B preamble C27 F preamble finish Race Signals Proper Course Racing 281 282 31 321 35 442 443b 611a3 613 903a A3 A41 A42 A5 A61 A9 A11 B4 B5 C21 C63 C64 C72 C73 D11e D31a D32 E65 F preamble F4 F5 J217 J221925 finishing line Race Signals Finish Mark Racing 281 322 33 442 443b A7 B4 B12 C21 C33 C72 C74 D31c E34b F preamble F4 J216 finishing mark Racing 31 E34 J215 finishing times adjustment in redress 642 first reasonable opportunity 443 611a B5 D12c D22a D25a D52 E63 F5 flag incorrect C82 flotation device See personal flotation devices fog signals and lights 481 footwear 431b four hull lengths E11 freestyle competition B preamble B10 B11 F preamble Gate See mark gate general recall See recall going out See coming in and going out good manners 691agovernment rules Part 2 preamble 481 J222 gross misconduct 69 P23 grounding See aground gybe gybing 184 422e 423b 442 502 B2 B4 C24 C72 C74 F2 F4 INDEX 165Hail by observer E51b hail by or to umpire D23 D24b D25 hail by protest committee P1 hail by race committee B10 E35 E36 hail for room 20 E13b hail come within Race Signals hail in protest 611a B5 D22a D25a E63 F5 hail out of radio control E23 hailing requirements E21 hails and arm signals C28 D11d handicap or rating system Rule d A3 A7 J114 J127 J218 hauling out 45 J2226 head to wind Leeward and Windward 13 182c 183 B2 C24 C27 C73a C74a D11b F preamble hearing new 712 hearing not entitled to 5 C91 D22 D25 hearing penalty without See penalty without hearing hearing reopening 633b 66 712 C91 E510 R5 hearing requirement for a 631 hearing Party 603 611c 612 621a 63 641 65 692 701 712 713 C81b D26 D31d E7 F5 J2231 N14 N21 R2 R42 R5 hearing and rule 42 P2 hearing by national authority 693a hearing right to be present 633a E67 hearing time limit J2230 helping those in danger 11 hiking harness 431b hiking straps 491 hull length Obstruction Zone 17 611a2 C23 D11a E11 I flag rule Race Signals Start 221 301 identification on sails 77 B11 E8 F9 G ill illness 41a 472 N15 in writing appeals 714 R41 in writing reason for exclusion 761 in writing measurement issues 431c 643c 783 in writing misconduct allegation 692a in writing protestprotest decision 612 652 in writing redress request 622 B72in writing sailing instructions changes 902ac E13d individual recall See recall information 41c 41d 602a 603a 613 632 652 653 692f E42c J11 J12 J21 J221 R5 informing competitor rule 69 hearing 692a informing decision penalty 651 C86 E37 informing national authorities 693 694 informing other boat protest 611a informing parties to a hearing 651 652 R4 informing protest committee C84 informing protestee 611 B5 E63 informing race committee 443b B71 D12c E64 informing umpires C64b D12c injury 14b 41a 441 472 603a 611a4 621b 635 B4 C62a C66c D12 D23d D31d3 E42 F4 inside boat board MarkRoom 182 183b 184 192b B INDEX 166preamble B2 C26 C27 D11b F preamble F2 interested party 602a 603a 634 711 E11 N33 interfere interfering 24 B2 B11 C210 C92 D11e D27 F2 interference radio E25 E66 international event 862 G11b International Judge 705c N12 N14 b N15 N32 international jury 692 705 892b 91b J2234 N International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea Part 2 preamble 481 482 J222 interpretation of measurement rules 643b interpretation of rules request for 704 R1 R23 interpretation of rules The Case Book Introduction IRPCAS See International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea ISAF class 763 B9 G1 ISAF Codes regulations Introduction Rule 5 693abc 694 761 79 80 861 862 892b 91b J1223 J221See also Advertising Code AntiDoping Code Eligibility Code Sailor Classification Code ISAF Executive Committee 694 Jumping B11 F preamble F2 jury See international jury Keep clear 621b E66 keep clear Obstruction Part 2 Section A preamble 1017 192c 22 B2 B11 B12 C24 C29 F preamble F2kiteboard racing rules F knockout series C106 C112 C113b D41 D46 D47 Leeward and Windward MarkRoom Tack Starboard or Port 11 17 182e B preamble F boat Leeward and Windward 11 17 lifelines 432 492 lifesaving equipment personal flotation devices Race Signals 12 271 40 J2213 loaned boats G3 J1214 Low Point System 903a A4 B10 J1213 J219 Mainsail Leeward and Windward 501 C24 E8 G11 manual power 52 marathon race B 14 182 183b 21 B preamble B2 C26 C27 D11b F preamblemark gate 184 281c 322c 33mark missing out of position Race Signals 321d 34 mark moving 272 mark touching holding 31 441a B25 mark Fetching MarkRoom Racing Start Zone 181 183 184 191 201c 272 28 302 303 31 322 33 B preamble B2 B3 C21 C27 C7 E51 F preamble F2 F3 J2145See also finishing mark starting mark match racing rules C Match Racing Call Book for Introduction INDEX 167measurement protests decisions 643 653 783 measurement redress 621a measurement rating boat certificate 78 B5 G11 J127 N22a measurer 431c 783 H2 misconduct gross 69 P23 moving astern 223 422d National authority Introduction Rulec 66 67 692 693 694 703 704 705 712 713 714 751 861a 863 88 891 91b B10 F5 G11 G2 J2253334 N11 N13 N16 Rnational letters 77 B9 E8 G1 G3 navigable water Mark Part 2 Section C preamblenight signals J222 normal position Clear Astern andClear Ahead Overlap Finish B preamble B2 F preamble notice board 862 87 902c B10 B11 B12 J2210 N16 Notice of Race Guide K notice of race changing 892anotice of race Rule e 251 637 705 79 81 862 892a C preamble G3 J1 R22c notice to competitors Race Signals Observer B12 E11 E5 E68 P1 P4obstruction 181d 19 201 F preamble J2218 obstruction continuing 181d 191 192c F preamble Offshore Racing Council 763 OneTurn Penalty 441 442 D13a D23 E43 E7b ooching 422c P5 opposite tack See tack opposite organizing authority Party 621a 638 692g 703 751 761 762 85 862 881 891 892 901 91 B10 D51 J111 J122 J221 J228 N11 N2 outrigger 503 outside boat board 182 192b B2 C26 D11b F2 outside help 41 423h B11 D11g E42 F4 overlap broken 182c1 overlap overlapped Clear Astern and Clear Ahead Overlap Keep Clear Leeward and Windward MarkRoom 11 17 182 183b 184 192 B preamble B2 B11 C26 C27 D11b F preamble F2 overlap reasonable doubt 182d overlapped not 12 182b overtaking B11 owner See boat owner Party to a hearing 603a2 621a 632 633 634 636 641 643d 651 652 66 701a 713 714 C91 D31d E12a E7 N14b R22e R3 R4 penalties for breaking rule 42 P penalty and measurement 643ac 653 penalty on appeal 713 penalty and postponed abandonedrace 302 303 P3 penalty by umpires C5 C65 C8 D22 D23 D25 E52 penalty without hearing 302 303 631 A5 B10 B11 C86 P2 penalty cancelled C21 C72 P3 penalty completing Finish C21 C55 C74b INDEX 168penalty informing of reporting 651 692df 693c 694 penalty limits on 641b C73 penalty no Part 2 preamble 14b 36 643a C51 C66b3 D13c D25f D31d3 penalty not taken C56 D23ef P2 penalty scoring 443 penalty taking Sportsmanship and the Rules 222 242 44 C22 C72a C74 D13ab E44 penalty identification G5 person in charge 46 781 782 E44 See also boat owner personal flotation devices Race Signals 12 271 40 J2213 positive buoyancy 431b possession B11 postpone postponed Race Signals Racing 273 302 303 C32bc J2237 changes to Introduction 88 prescriptions Introduction Rule c 67 692c 705a 861a 863 88 891dg 902b J124 J22456 H N R preambles prizes A7 C113c J1215 J2239 prohibited actions 422 proper course MarkRoom 17 181b 182c 184 242 B preamble B2 C22 F preamble F2 propulsion 42 B4 J2229 protest between boats in different races 638 protest by protest or race committee 602a 603a 611bc 613 protest committee and appeals 70 71 F protest committee and redress A62 A10 C92 D12f E69 protest committee and reopened hearing 66 protest committee and rule 42 P protest committee and rule 69 602c 603c 692 protest committee and scoring A5 protest committee decisions See decisions by protest committee protest committee procedures appeal of 701a protest committee request for confirmation correction of decision 702 R1 R23 protest committee appointment composition duties rights of 603 636 705c 85 892b 91 N R3 Abandon Interested Party Protest protest committee for M protest requirements contents 61 protest informing protestee 611 E63 protest measurement 431c 643 653 783protest no written B10 C64b D12e F5protest protest no right to no grounds for 5 601a 602a C62 D12a D12d D22 D25 E61 protest right to 60 C61protest time limit See time limit protestprotest validity invalidity of 602a 603a 635 712 C64bprotest withdrawing 631 protestee protestor 611 612 E52 Party See also party to a redress hearings misconduct and appeals 6071 INDEX 169pumping 422a Qualification to race See entry and qualification Race committee appointment of 892b 90 J2240 race committee intending to protest 611b race committee Race Signals Introduction Abandon Party Protest Racing 27 29 30 32 33 34 35 431c 443b 761 762 81 85 91 C32 D5 E25 E3 E51 E62 E64 E66 E8 race conduct of See conduct of a race race decision to 4 race entry and qualifications 7581 race racing Introduction Obstruction 4 Part 2 preamble 241 31 Part 4 preamble 441 611a 643c 782 C29 C41 C72b E2 race rescheduled See rescheduled races race committee and rule 42 P3 race committee and rule 69 602c 692g race committee right to protest request redress 602 race committee improper action or omission by and redress 621a race office protests and requests for redress to 613 631 race officials appointment of 892b race organization 8591 race signals Race Signals Rule a 252 26 C3 E3racing area Part 2 preamble 611 E52 J2216 racing rule Introduction 3 861 862 J121 J223 N11 racingnot Part 2 preamble 241 621b 641 C29 radio sailing racing rules E radios E45c J2226 rating certificate See measurement rating boat certificates rating systems Rule d A3 A7 J114 J218 recall general Racing 292 303 E36 J2222 P3 recall individual 291 E35 J2222 recall Race Signals 26 Racing for Protest Committees M Recovering B12 red flag protest penalty 611a C53 C61b C64b C65b C73d D22a D24 D25a red flag not required 611a23 622 redress appeal 712 R22a redress no C91 D12f D27 P4 redress time limits 622 C63 E65 redress Party 60 62 63 642 651 712 A62 A10 C63 C64 C9 N21 N32 P4 Regulation 19 ISAF See Eligibility Code Regulation 20 ISAF See Advertising Code Regulation 21 ISAF See AntiDoping Code Regulation 22 ISAF See Sailor Classification Code Regulation 2813 ISAF 862 repairs 45 E69 representative 612d 633a E67 J126 required side 282 R22b INDEX 170resail restart Abandon 302 303 36 C66b2 D54 J2237 rescheduled races 302 303 81 responsibility personal 12 4 E14 retire Racing Sportsmanship and the Rules 441b 903a A42 A5 A61 A9 A11 B4 B5 C63 D13b D31b D32 E23 E43c F4 F5 P22 P23review procedures 3b revision racing rules Introduction right of way and avoiding contact 14 right of way acquiring 15 rightofway boat Part 2 Section A preamble 14 161 184 rocking rolling 422b 423ab room hail for 201room not entitled to 182e 192bc room MarkRoom 14 15 16 182c 192bc 20 21 B preamble F preamble F2roundrobin series C105 C11 D4 rounding a mark 18 28 C72c rule 14 breaking C62 C66c D31d rule 42 special procedures for P rule interpretation request for 643b 704 R1 R23 rule not mentioned in protest 641 rule Rule Sportsmanship and the Rules 3 36 641 651 67 704 713 782 85 901 J111 J126 J2119 R1 R23rules acceptance of the 3 rules breaking See breach rules changes to revision of Introduction 86 B C D E R preambles G5 rules conflicting Introduction 637 C81b rules developing testing 863 rules kiteboard racing F rules match racing C rules no change to 861a H preamble N preamble rules radio sailing racing E rules team racing D rules windsurfing competition B Safety 1 203 321e 481 492 J2213 sail identification measurement numbers advertising 77 E8 G sail changing reefing setting sheeting 45 50 Sailing Instructions Guide L sailing instructions changes to prescriptions 88 sailing instructions changes to 902c N23a sailing instructions rule changes Introduction Part 2 preamble 861b sailing instructions Introduction Mark Obstruction Rule Part 2 preamble 251 252 26 271 281 431 441 443c 492 613 637 705 861 862 902 903 A1 A2 A4 G11b G3 H preamble J N preamble N14b N16 P preamble R preamble R22c sailing the course 28 35 903a E51c Sailor Classification Code ISAF Regulation 22 79 J123 Rule same tack See tack same scoring abbreviations A11 scoring penalty 302 441 443 A42 scoring redress 642 A62 A10 A11 scoring ties A7 A8 B88 C11 D33 D44 D45 D47 scoring excluded races 2 303 903b A2 P22 P23 INDEX 171scoring 35 692c2 903 A C10 D3 D4 J1213 J219 See also sculling 422d 423d C213 seamanship Room 421 shortening the course Race Signals 32 E38c J2225 signals absence of sound 26 C31 signals arm C28 D11d signals night J222 signals oral E21 E38b P1 signals Race Signals 252 26 27 29 30 32 33 34 40 481 C3 E3J22213152224 skin friction 53 slalom racing B preamble speed 421 423bf speed competition B preamble spinnaker staysail 54 spinnaker spinnaker pole 501 502 503c 504 G11 sportsmanship Sportsmanship and the Rules 2 691a 861a C83c D23g stability 51 standing rigging boat 10 162start before the Race Signals 27 761 C4 E35 start did not A42 A5 A9 A11 C85 start new 292 See also resail restart start Part 2 Section C preamble 221 281 282 301 31 A41 C32starting area Race Signals A9 A11 J22132136 starting errors 22 starting line extensions of Mark 221 291 301 C32 starting line Mark Start 221 282 29 30 B11 C41 starting mark 181a 192 272 31 C41 starting penalty 30 A42 starting procedure error in 293 321a starting races 26 C31 E34 steering 422b3 423a string representing track sailing the course 282 substitution competitors boats sails equipment N22b surfing surfing 423c B11 swim 472 Tack opposite Clear Astern andClear Ahead Overlap 10 181ab C24tack room to MarkRoom 20 C28tack same Keep Clear Leeward andWindward 11 12 17 183 201 C27tack change tack 13 183 202c C27tacking and propulsion 422e 423b team racing rules D terminology Introduction three hull lengths Zone ties scoring See scoring ties time limit appeals R21 time limit extension of 613 622 time limit finish 321c 35 903 J217 J2219 time limitprotest decision information 652 time limit protest 443a 611ab 613 E65 J2230 N14b time limit reopening a hearing 66 E65 R21 time limit request for redress 622 C63 E65 time to respond 191 202a touching holding a mark 31 441a B3 INDEX 172track 282 transition B11 trapeze harness 431b tribunal or court 3c trim 421 501 51 two hull lengths 17 C23 D11a TwoTurns Penalty 441 442 D22f D23 D25g J1211 J2227 P21 Umpire Introduction 892b C preamble C31 C5 C64 C65 C72 C73d C74bc C8 C92 C93 D preamble D2 Validity invalidity of protest 602a 603a 635 712 C64b validity of measurement or rating certificate 781 782 verification times and speeds B12 visual and sound signals Race Signals 252 253 Warn warning the competitor 692c1 692d B63a C82 G4 wave performance competition B preamble weather 12 321b E38d weight of clothing equipment 431 B4 H wet suit 40 whisker pole 502 503c wind 321c 421 422e 423c windsurfing competition rules B windward boat board Keep Clear 11 17 windward beat to 181a 423c witness 633a 634 636 World AntiDoping Agency 5 World AntiDoping Code 5 World Sailing Speed Record Council WSSRC B12 Yellow flag identification C41 yellow flag race committee signal C31 C32a yellow flag request by boat D25c yellow flag scoring penalty 443 yellow flag penalty given C5 P1 Z flag rule Race Signals 302 36 631 A42 A5 A11 zone 181 182 183 B preamble C23 C27 C73b D11ab E11 F preamble


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The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerous of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.