' Rutland Fm 910 3 Manual Issue D'
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Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 loca0Pmaxp nameOEpPpostP dEeE bch aeeDdD acEeE bch CEeE bch aeeDCD KEeE bch 9A A 00 60GA Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 INTRODUCTION 2 GENERAL GUIDELINES WARNINGS 2 CHECK YOU HAVE RECEIVED 4 WHAT YOU WILL NEED 4 SITING THE WINDCHARGER 5 PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION 6 TOWER CONSTRUCTION 7 ASSEMBLY INSTALLATION 8 Blade Assembly 8 Furlmatic Tail Assembly 9 Tower Preparation 10 CABLE SPECIFICATION 12 ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS FITTING TO TOWER 12 al Mechanical BASIC WIRING DIAGRAMS 14 UP RUNNING 15 SPECIFICATION PERFORMANCE 15 INSPECTION MAINTENANCE 16 Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 This manual contains important information concerning your Rutland 9103 Windcharger and its instIt is strongly recommended that you read this manual and familiarise yourself with its contents before installing and operating the Windcharger system The Rutland 9103 Windcharger is designed to provide a direct current DC power supply via a battery bank for 1224V equipment lighting etc It is robustly constructed and designed to give many years of trouble free service with the minimum of maintenance Please take notice of our General Guidelines d Maintenance sections GENERAL GUIDELINES WARNINGS Observe the mounting pole diameters recommended in this manual It is essential to the effective operation of the furling tail system that the mounting pole is vertical An unsupported tower will experience lateral movement particularly in high winds and furling will be adversely affected will potential damage to the wind turbine When turning the Windcharger is capable of generating voltages in excess of the nominal voltage The turbine must never be allowed to rotate unless it is electrically connected to a regulator or batteries Avoid applying a short circuit to the Windcharger particularly in high winds If a short circuit is necessary first slow the turbine as described below Caution must be exercised at all times to avoid electric shock Stopping the turbine this may be necessary to undertake battery maintenance If possiblhould be done in low windspeed conditions The turbine can be slowed by rotating or orienting the tail fin upwind this will slow the turbine sufficiently for it to be safely secured to the pole with rope Avoid leaving the turbine tied up for any period of time we recommend that the turbine either be covered to give protection from the weather or removed and stored in a dry location The optional HRDX Controller incorporates a shutdown switch No attempt to repair the system should be made until the Windcharger is restrained from turning Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 The Windcharger is fitted with ceramic magnets which can be damaged by heavy handling The main generator assembly should be treated with care during transit and assembly It is essential to observe the correct polarity when connecting the Windcharger and all other components into an electrical circuit Reverse connection will damage the Windcharger and incorrect installation will invalidate the warranty The fuse supplied must be fitted to protect the system unless used in conjunction with a controller that is a charge fuse High winds in high winds the Windchargers builtin thermostat may operate to prevent the generator overheating In this mode the output will cease and the turbine will temporarily slow down until such time as the lower level temperature is reached and the generator is once again connected and charging This may be seen to cycle in prolonged high winds particularly in high ambient temperatures Further the furling tail mechanism of the Furlmatic model will operate in high winds orienting the turbine out of the prevailing wind direction to slow the turbine down It will return to face the wind as windspeeds fall and will be seen to cycle during high wind speedsIf in doubt refer to your dealer a competent electrical engineer or the manufacturer Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 1 x main generator assembly 1 x tail assembly 24 x No 10x25mm special selftapping screws 6 x aerofoil blades 1 x fuse and fuse holder 1 x 2way terminal block 2 x M10 buttoncap screws 1 x 6mm Allen key In the event of loss or damage consult your dealer or the manufacturer Suitable wire stripper Small terminal screwdriver Large flat blade screwdriver Crosshead screwdriver 10mm Spanner Other Items You Will Need TowerMounting pole Batteries Battery terminals Cable Connector blocks as determined by your total systemOther Items You May Have Selected from Marlec HRS913 Regulator or HRDX Controller Land Tower and Rigging Kit Part Nos CA1208 CA1207 Voltmeter Ammeter Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 General location and height of the mounting pole or tower for your wind turbine will be the major factor in the overall performance of your system The smooth flow of wind over land and water is often interrupted by a multitude of obstructions causing wind sheer and turbulence Wind sheer describes the interference between the fast moving upper air and the slow moving air close to the ground and the resulting decrease in average wind speed as one gets closer to the ground Turbulence is caused by the wind passing over obstructions such as trees and buildings Both wind sheer and turbulence diminish with height and can be overcome simply by putting the machine speed decreases and turbulence increases where obstructions exist Consider also that downwind obstructions can be as detrimental to performance as upwind obstructions WIND DIRECTIONREA OF TURBULENCEFig1 Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 Generator The 3 phase ac generator is driven directly by the aerofoil blades rotating permanent magnets around the fixed stator winding The variable frequency alternating current is rectified within the generator housing and the resulting rectified current is transmitted via the sliprings and brushes at the yaw axis to the output cable Winding Protection The generator stator winding incorporates embedded thermal protection to protect the winding from damage due to over temperature during extreme winds On reaching the thermal protection limit the device will reduce generator output current to allow the winding to cool whereupon normal performance will be resumed If the thermal protection is active the turbine may reduce to a slow rotational speed with a corresponding reduction in charge current this is normal The tail assembly is designeto the main direction of the wind at windspeeds up to approx 15ms Above this the automatic furling mechanism is activated to turn the generator at an angle to the wind to protect the turbine generator and supporting structure from severe electrical and mechanical loads due to high winds When the wind speed subsides the tail assembly will automatically return the turbine to normal operation In prolonged gusty turbulent conditions the system may be seen to repeat this cycle many times Power will be reduced during furling For effective operation of the furling system the wind turbine must be sited to ensure it is as free as possible from turbulence and in a stable upright positionMarlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 TOWER CONSTRUCTION The Furlmatic 9103 is designed to fit inside an aluminium stainless or steel tube with an internal diameter of 41mm with a minimum wall thickness of 5mm A suitable mounting pole can be erected using a 65 metre 21 feetgalvanised medium tube The tube must be supported by a minimum of four guy lines The attachment points for the guy lines to the tower should be securely fixed to the tower The guy wires should be a minimum of 4mm in diameter The shackles should be a minimum of 5mm in diameter Rigging screws should be a minimum of 5mm in diameter All items should be galvanised or stainless steel for protection against Where guy lines are looped the loop must incorporate a thimble and be fitted with a minimum of three rope grips All ground fixings must be made suitable according to the terrain Centre pivoted pole Base pivoted with gin pole Pivot type towers are recommended as these allow for easier installation and lowering for access to the wind generator Two forms of pivot tower are suggested in Figs 2 3 Nonguyed pivoting towers are available for further details contact the dealer or manufacturer See the warnings section regarding the tower It is essential that the tower is maintained vertically to minimise lateral movement which interferes with the effective operation of the furling Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 ASSEMBLY AND INSTALLATION OF THE WINDCHARGER Blade Assembly Fig 41 Place the generator assembly on a flat surface hubside down 2 Position blade as shown The blades will only fit one way roundInsert the protrusion at the trailing edge of the blade root fixing first into socket to align with the corresponding recess in the blade socket The blade can then be easily inserted with a lever action Gentle assistance with a soft faced mallet may be required Four screws are required for each blade First secure each blade with two of the special selftapping screws provided 4 Fit the remaining 2 blade screws from the front of the generator hub 5 Check tightness of all screws Do not overtighten NB IT IS IMPORTANT THAT 4 SCREWS PER BLADE ARE Fig4Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 Furlmatic Tail Assembly Fig 51 Remove the cover from the main housing 2 Remove the M6 nut washers and bolt from the tail boom 3 Insert the tail boom into the saddle on the underside front of the housing Ensure the tail assembly is the correct way up refer to pictures in this manual the text on the tail label4 Refit bolt washers nut removed in 2 passing the bolt through the tail boom and windshaft housing Tighten all fasteners 5 Replace cover Note Do not remove the silicone protectors from the tail stopsTail Boom Fasteners NB The tail fin is set at an angle of 15 from vertical Check that the tail fin is positioned as shown in the diagram as viewed from rear of the Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 Having selected a suitable pole from the guidelines on page 7 1 The post adaptor fitted to the FM9103 is designed to fit inside a standard 41mm 1al diameter tube The adaptor is provided with a flat on one side to clear the weld seam on seamed pipe Mark and centrepunch two positions diametrically opposite at 90 to the pipe seam if necessary 20mm NOTE Use metric measurements for this operationfrom the top of the tube Drill two holes 105mm NOTE Use metric measurements for this operation in diameter on centrepunch positions Note When using the Rutland Land Tower Kit items 2 and 3 can be ignored as locamaxpT dEeE bch aeeDdD acEeE bch CEeE bch aeeDCD KEeE bch Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 LeisureDeep Cycle batteries are specifically designed for good performance in terms of cycles Batteries are the most important part of your battery charging system and should be sized according to your load requirements and provide at least 3 days reserve capacity This will reduce cycling prolong the life of the battery and ensure system reliability during periods of low wind Permanent connections should always be made to the battery terminals Never use crocodile clips or similar devices Battery terminals should be well greased with petroleum jelly or similar We strongly recommend that one of the voltage regulators available from Marlec is fitted to prevent batteries becoming overcharged in strong winds and is essential with gelsealed batteries Batteries may be linked as follows In parallel to increase amp hours Fig6 In series to increase voltage Fig7 Red is Positive Black is Negative CABLE 60AhTotal 12v 120Ah 24v 60Ah Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 The cable used for connection of the Wiin accordance with table 1 The use of a smaller cable than recommended will reduce the performance of the charging system Cable and connectors are available from your dealer or the manufacturer Cable Rummm 12 VoltCable Size mm 24 Volt020 25 15 2130 4 25 3145 6 4 4680 10 6 ELECTRICAL CONNECTION FITTING TO THE TOWER 1 Run the cable selected see Table 1ide of the pole 2 Select one of the 2 basic systems on page 14 and follow the manual provided with the charge regulator selected Fit the inline fuse and fuse holder in the circuit where the HRS type or no regulator is used It is essential that a charge fuse is fitted but note that some Marlec controllers incorporate one negating the need for a separate fuse Cut the fuse holder cable and strip back the ends to allow connection in the circuit4 Connect the Wincharger flying lead to the cable protruding from the top of the tower using the connector block supplied taking care to observe Table1 Fig 8 and Fuse holder Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 polarity Connect the Windcharger to cable and Windcharger to Black is Negative 5 Wrap the connection with insulation tape to secureprotect from the environment Alternatively join the cables using a latching type plug and 6 Locate the Windcharger into the tower whilst gently easing the cable from the tower base to ensure the cable is not trapped Secure the Windcharger to the tower using the button cap screws and shakeproof washers provided Tighten using the 6mm Allen key supplied 1 Check the tightness of the blade fixing screws and generator mounting 2 Check free rotation of the hub and yaw axis Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 FM9103 WIND WIND Controller Wiring and Fuse Wiring DiagramMarlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 Before raising and securing the wind generator check that 1 All final mechanical checks have been made 2 The cable is not trapped 3 All electrical connections are secure and safe The wind generator can now be raised into position Take care to avoid all moving parts when raising and lowering the wind When raised secure the structure firmly in an upright position The performance of your Windcharger can be impaired if the pole is not vertical MSWINDSPEED CONVERSION MPH MS x 223 Knots MS x Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 The Rutland Furlmatic 9103 requires no scheduled maintenance but an annual inspection should be carried out to monitor the general condition of the system Before inspection the turbine should either be lowered to the ground or tied to prevent the generator from turning To stop the generator from turning follow one of the procedures below 1 Lower the windcharger on its tower to the ground coming to rest on a structure that will prevent the windcharger from striking the ground Take care that all persons are clear of the area The turbine will eventually slow down Tie a blade to the mounting pole to prevent it from rotating 2If the tail boom is safely accessible using the tail boom rotate the generator out of the wind the turbine will eventually slow down Tie a blade to the mounting pole to prevent it from rotating Whilst the generator is stationary the following routine checks should be 1 Check the blade screws for tightness 2Check all other nuts bolts and screws for tightness 3 Check the yaw axis4Check the tail fin moves freely 5 Check tower assembly for condition 6Check the tension of the guy wires if applicable The tension of guy wires should be checked frequently during the first year The unit can be wiped with a mild detergent and rinsed with water to remove dirt and debrisMarlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 In the unlikely event that your Rutland Furlmatic 9103 should develop a defect the turbine should first be tied to prevent the blades from turning to perform the static tests below Follow the procedure described in the Inspection and Maintenance section It will be necessary to let it run for the tests to check for power production Read the Electrical Connection page 12Up Running page 15 sections and be satisfied that your system complies Is there sufficient wind The Rutland 9103 needs approximately 5 knots wind speed to start charging The wind speed across the turbine blades may be greatly reduced in builtup area compared with weather reports for example 3 Static Tests Is the battery in good condition Check the voltage and electrolyte level of Check electrical continuity throughout the system especially corrosion and poor connections in cable joins and connector blocks 4 Running Tests Check for power output from the Windcharger following this procedure A Set a digital multimeter to DC Amps nd 10 if possible Connect the meter positive e wind generator output positive cable and the meter negative regulator input positive Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a current reading This establishes that power is being delivered B Using the same multimeter setting as above measure between the regulator to battery and the battery Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a current reading This establishes if power is passing through the regulator C If both above are unsuccessful set the multimeter to DC Volts Disconnect the wind generator from the regulator and connect the meter to the wind gen and the meter to the wind gen Provided there is sufficient wind there should be a variable voltage reading according to the speed of the wind seen at the wind turbine This will establish if the wind generator is able to deliver power or not D If tests A and C are successful but test B fails to produce results connect the wind gen directly to the battery Set the digital multimeter to DC Amps and measure power between the wind gen and the battery If a reading is measured providing there is sufficient wind then the regulator is faulty E If the wind turbine fails to deliver any current or open circuit V reading undertake the further tests below 5 Mechanical inspection It may be necessary to remove the Windcharger from Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 its pole for the following tests Check the brushes and slipring for wear or damage To inspect the brushes remove the cover from the main housing by removing the four fixing screws The brushes and slipring can be then be inspected by removing the four selftapping screws holding the brush holder assembly in place Remove any black deposits from slipring with emery paper Heavy deposits and reduced power indicate a possible reverse connection to the battery see Page 11Check hub for free rotation with generator disconnected from batteryIf the hub does not rotate freely check for a possible short circuit in the wiring If no wiring fault is found refer to your dealer or manufacturer If the above checks have identified a need for spare parts or failed to identify the problem you should contact Marlec who can advise you of your nearest distributor in their world wide network In the first instance we recommend that you contact the company from whom the product was originally purchased If in doubt refer to your dealer or Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 NotesMarlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 Notes Marlec Eng Co Ltd Installation Instructions Document No SM124 Issue D 300107 LI M I T E D W A R R A N T YThe Marlec Engineering Company Limited Warranty provides free replacement cover for all defects in parts and workmanship for 12 months from the date of purchase Marlecs obligation in this respect is limited to replacing parts which have been promptly reported to the seller and are in the sellers opinion defective and are so found by Marlec upon inspection A valid proof of purchase will be required if making a warranty claim Defective parts must be returned by prepaid post to the manufacturer Marlec Engineering Company Limited Rutland House Trevithick Road Corby NN17 5XY England or to an authorised Marlec agent This Warranty is void in the event of improper installation owner neglect misuse damage caused by flying debris or natural disasters including lightning and hurricane force winds This warranty does not extend to support posts inverters batteries or ancillary equipment not supplied by the manufacturer No responsibility is assumed for incidental damage No responsibility is assumed for consequential damage No responsibility is assumed for damage caused by the use of any unauthorised components No responsibility is assumed for use of a non furling versions of the Rutland Windcharger where Marlec or one of its authorised agents finds that a generator incorporating a furling device should have been used Manufactured in the UK by Marlec Engineering Co Ltd Rutland House Trevithick Rd Corby Northants NN17 5XY UK Tel 44 01536 201588 Fax 44 00211 Email wwwmarleccouk EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia D QXDzzYYFFaH EDEDEeE j Bhja RyE TXYaDRy E I c a a CC5vp E PXaYddbQXdd EDYKTX FH FHYYCXddadQX FH Fab pE PXaFYhBQSZX TXCBYQX TXCBYTX Trust Inc10UVeriSign Time Stamping Service Root1402UNO LIABILITY ACCEPTED cc EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia D QXDzzYYFFaHKS XYXY EDEDEeE j Bhja RyE TXYaDRy E I c a a CC5vAp AE PXaYddbQXdd EDYKTX FH FHYYCXddadQX FH EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia D QXDzzYYFFaH EDEDEeE j Bhja RyE TXYaDRy E I c a a CC5vp E PXaYddbQXdd EDYKTX FH FHYYCXddadQX FH Fab pE PXaFYhBQSZX TXCBYQX TXCBYTX
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