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Raymarine Spx 5 Wheel Pilot Installation Instructions 87074 4



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SmartPilot X-5
Wheel Installation &
Setup Guide




Document reference: 87074-4
Date: July 2012
Autohelm, HSB, RayTech Navigator, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
                 Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited.
45STV, 60STV, AST, Autoadapt, AutoGST, AutoSeastate, AutoTrim, Bidata, G Series, HDFI, LifeTag, Marine Intelligence, Maxi-
view, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, RayTalk, Raystar, ST40, ST60+, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata and Waypoint
                                    Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
                All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.


                                    Handbook contents copyright Raymarine Ltd 2012
Contents                                                                                                                                i


Contents
Preface ............................................................................................................................v
      Safety notices .......................................................................................................... v
      EMC Conformance .................................................................................................. v
      Limitations on pressure washing .............................................................................. v
      Product documents ..................................................................................................vi
      Warranty ..................................................................................................................vi
      Product disposal ......................................................................................................vi
                    Waste Electrical and Electronic (WEEE) Directive ...................................vi
Chapter 1:Installation and system overviews ................................................... 1
      1.1 Installation overview .................................................................................... 1
              Planning ....................................................................................................... 1
              Installing....................................................................................................... 1
      1.2 Safe and successful installation ................................................................... 1
              Certified installation...................................................................................... 1
              Getting assistance........................................................................................ 1
      1.3 System overviews ....................................................................................... 2
              Marine electronics systems .......................................................................... 2
                 Example SeaTalk system ......................................................................... 3
      1.4 Equipment & tools ....................................................................................... 4
              Parts supplied .............................................................................................. 4
              Tools and equipment NOT supplied.............................................................. 5
                 Tools:........................................................................................................ 5
                 Cables / equipment................................................................................... 5
                 Optional equipment .................................................................................. 5
      1.5 Create a schematic diagram ........................................................................ 5
Chapter 2:Installing the system ............................................................................. 7
      2.1 Installation precautions ................................................................................ 7
              EMC installation guidelines .......................................................................... 7
                    Remember ................................................................................................ 7
                 Suppression ferrites.................................................................................. 8
                 Connections to other equipment............................................................... 8
                 Compass .................................................................................................. 8
      2.2 General cabling guidelines .......................................................................... 8
              Power cable requirement ............................................................................. 8
      2.3 SPX-5 Wheel system Course Computer ...................................................... 9
              Mounting ...................................................................................................... 9
              Connection overview...................................................................................11
      2.4 Mounting the Wheel Drive ...........................................................................11
              Introduction .................................................................................................11
              Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes ............................................................ 12
              Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the wheel............................................... 14
              Step 3  Attach the pedestal bracket........................................................... 15
                 Motor tube location ................................................................................. 15
                 Pedestal bracket  length and position................................................... 16
              Wheel Drive electrical connection............................................................... 19
                 Wheel Drive cable routing ...................................................................... 20
      2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course Computer ........................ 21
              Power......................................................................................................... 21
                 Circuit breaker/fuse ................................................................................ 21
ii                                                             SmartPilot Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


             Cable ...................................................................................................... 21
           Connection procedure................................................................................ 21
      2.6 Fluxgate Compass ..................................................................................... 22
           Compass mounting .................................................................................... 22
             Location .................................................................................................. 22
             Mounting procedure................................................................................ 23
           Compass connection.................................................................................. 23
      2.7 Pilot Controller ........................................................................................... 24
             Fitting...................................................................................................... 24
           Connecting to SeaTalk................................................................................ 24
             SeaTalk power connections ................................................................... 24
      2.8 Connect to ground ..................................................................................... 26
      2.9 Optional connections ................................................................................. 27
           Rudder reference ....................................................................................... 27
           SeaTalkng Connections ............................................................................. 28
             SeaTalkng power.................................................................................... 28
             See also.................................................................................................. 28
           NMEA 0183 equipment .............................................................................. 29
             Data bridging .......................................................................................... 29
             NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers' equipment ................... 29
      2.10 Final checks ............................................................................................... 30
           Secure all cables ........................................................................................ 30
      2.11 Commission the system before use ........................................................... 30
Chapter 3:Commissioning & setup ...................................................................... 31
           Requirement .............................................................................................. 31
      3.1 Commissioning .......................................................................................... 31
           Dockside checks & setup............................................................................ 31
             Switching on ........................................................................................... 31
             Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections................................... 32
               SeaTalk instruments ................................................................................32
               SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter .................................................32
               Other NMEA 0183 connections ..............................................................32
             Checking autopilot operating sense ....................................................... 32
             Setting the vessel and drive type............................................................ 33
               Set the vessel type ..................................................................................34
               Set the drive type .....................................................................................34
             Align the rudder indicator........................................................................ 34
             Set the rudder limits................................................................................ 34
             Save the new settings ............................................................................ 35
           Seatrial calibration...................................................................................... 35
             Important ................................................................................................ 35
             Seatrial conditions .................................................................................. 35
             Compass calibration ............................................................................... 35
               Swinging the compass ............................................................................35
               Aligning the compass heading ................................................................37
             AutoLearn ............................................................................................... 38
           Commissioning complete ........................................................................... 40
      3.2 Manual setup ............................................................................................. 41
           Checking SPX-5 Wheel system operation .................................................. 41
           Response level........................................................................................... 41
           Rudder gain................................................................................................ 42
             Checking................................................................................................. 42
             Adjusting................................................................................................. 42
           Counter rudder .......................................................................................... 43
Contents                                                                                                                   iii


             Checking................................................................................................. 43
             Adjusting................................................................................................. 43
           AutoTrim .................................................................................................... 43
             Adjusting................................................................................................. 43
Chapter 4:SPX-5 Wheel system settings ........................................................... 45
      4.1 Introduction ............................................................................................... 45
           Calibration modes ...................................................................................... 45
             Display calibration .................................................................................. 45
             User calibration....................................................................................... 45
             Seatrial calibration .................................................................................. 45
             Dealer calibration.................................................................................... 45
           Accessing the Calibration modes ............................................................... 46
           Adjusting calibration values........................................................................ 46
      4.2 Display calibration ..................................................................................... 47
           RUDD BAR screen..................................................................................... 47
           HDG screen ............................................................................................... 47
           Data pages ................................................................................................ 47
             Setting up data pages............................................................................. 48
      4.3 User calibration ......................................................................................... 49
           AutoTack .................................................................................................... 50
           Gybe inhibit ................................................................................................ 50
           Wind selection............................................................................................ 50
           WindTrim.................................................................................................... 50
           Response level........................................................................................... 50
      4.4 Dealer calibration ...................................................................................... 51
           Seatrial calibration lock .............................................................................. 52
           Vessel type ................................................................................................ 52
           Drive type .................................................................................................. 53
           Align rudder................................................................................................ 53
           Rudder limit ............................................................................................... 53
           Rudder gain ............................................................................................... 53
           Counter rudder ........................................................................................... 53
           Rudder damping......................................................................................... 54
           AutoTrim .................................................................................................... 54
           Response level .......................................................................................... 54
           Turn rate limit.............................................................................................. 55
           Off course angle ......................................................................................... 55
           AutoTack .................................................................................................... 55
           Gybe inhibit ................................................................................................ 56
           Wind selection............................................................................................ 56
           WindTrim.................................................................................................... 56
           PowerSteer ................................................................................................ 56
           Cruise speed .............................................................................................. 56
           Latitude ...................................................................................................... 56
           System reset .............................................................................................. 57
      4.5 System defaults ......................................................................................... 57
iv                                                                  SmartPilot Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


 Appendix 1:NMEA 0183 sentences .................................................................... 59
        NMEA0183 to Course Computer ...........................................................................59
        NMEA0183 from Course Computer .......................................................................59
 Appendix 2:SPX-5 Wheel system specifications ............................................ 61
        Course Computer ...................................................................................................61
        Wheel Drive ............................................................................................................62
        Pilot Controller (ST6002) ........................................................................................63
Index.............................................................................................................................. 65
                                                                                               v


Preface
Contents




Safety notices
                WARNING: Product installation & operation
                This equipment must be installed, commissioned and operated
                in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided.
                Failure to do so could result in personal injury, damage to your
                boat and/or poor product performance.

                WARNING: Switch off power supply
                Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you
                start installing this product.

                WARNING: Navigational safety
                Although we have designed this product to be accurate and
                reliable, many factors can affect its performance. Therefore, it
                should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never
                replace commonsense and navigational judgement. Always
                maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations
                as they develop.

EMC Conformance
           All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry
           standards for use in the recreational marine environment. Their design and
           manufacture conforms to the appropriate Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)
           standards, but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not
           compromised.

Limitations on pressure washing
           CAUTION: Do not pressure wash Raymarine products
           Raymarine products must NOT be subjected to water pressures in
           excess ofCFR46 / IPX6 standards (for example, as generated by
           commercial high pressure washing equipment). Products subjected
           to water at these high pressures may experience water intrusion and
           subsequent failure.
           Raymarine products are waterproofed to CFR46 / IPX6 standards, which means that
           when installed and operated in accordance with the appropriate product
           documentation, they can be used in most weather and sea conditions. However, any
           exposure to high-pressure water that exceeds the CFR46 / IPX6 standards, on or
           around Raymarine products will invalidate the warranty for those products.
vi                                          SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


Product documents
     This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X-5 series.
     Documents can be downloaded from www.raymarine.com/handbooks.

     Title                                                               Part number

     SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Operating Guide                                    81302

     SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation and Setup Guide                       87074

     ST6002 Controller installation sheet                                    87058

     ST6002 SmartPilot Controller - Wheel Quick Reference Guide              86130

     Fluxgate compass installation sheet                                     87011

     Warranty Booklet                                                        80017

     To the best of our knowledge, the information in the product documents was correct
     when they went to press. However, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any
     inaccuracies or omissions in product documents.
     In addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications
     without notice. Therefore, Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences
     between the product and the accompanying documents.

Warranty
     To register your new Raymarine product, please take a few minutes to fill out the
     warranty card. It is important that you complete the owner information and return the
     card to us to receive full warranty benefits. You can also register online at
     www.raymarine.com by following the Login or create an account link.

Product disposal
             Waste Electrical and Electronic (WEEE) Directive
             The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic
             equipment is recycled.
             Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol (illustrated above)
     must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill, but in accordance with local
     regulations for such products.
     Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products, we support
     its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such
     products.
     Please contact your local dealer, national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services
     for information on product disposal.
                                                                                             1


Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews
    This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations
    for an SPX -5 Wheel system.

1.1 Installation overview
    There are two stages to installing an SPX -5 Wheel system, namely planning the
    installation, then installing and mounting the components.
    It is important to carry out the planning stage, to ensure that all components used in
    the system, including cables and accessories, are correctly specified and located.
    The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage.

    Planning
    1.   Understand your system.
    2.   Check equipment supplied.
    3.   Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment.
    4.   Plan cabling and connections.
    5.   Produce a schematic diagram.

    Installing
    1.   Mount SPX-5 Course Computer.
    2.   Install Wheel Drive unit.
    3.   Install the autopilot controller.
    4.   Install the compass.
    5.   Connect power cables and system ground.
    6.   Connect additional equipment / cables to the Course Computer.
    7.   Final fix: secure all equipment in place; secure all cables.

1.2 Safe and successful installation
    To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX-5 Wheel system, installation
    must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the
    instructions in this guide.

    Certified installation
    Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer. A
    certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits. Contact your
    Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document
    packed with your product.

    Getting assistance
    If you need further assistance with an installation, contact your dealer or visit the
    Raymarine web site www.raymarine.com.
2                                       SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


1.3 System overviews
    The SPX-5 Wheel system consists of a number of components connected together
    using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus.

      SPX-5 Wheel system - key components
                           Course Computer              Drive unit   ST6002 Pilot Controller




        Fluxgate
        compass




                                                                                         D10501-1



    Marine electronics systems
    The autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system. It may be
    connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols,
    including:
     SeaTalk.
     SeaTalkng
     NMEA 0183
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews                                                                                     3


      Example SeaTalk system
      SeaTalk allows connection of compatible instruments and equipment though a
      dedicated data bus. This allows information sharing around the ship's electronics
      system.

             ST6002                    ST60+ depth              ST60+ speed                               ST6002
           SmartController              instrument               instrument                             SmartController




                             SeaTalk                 SeaTalk                  SeaTalk         SeaTalk                 SeaTalk
                              cable                   cable                    cable           cable                   cable

              GPS




                                     Depth                                             SeaTalk
                                  transducer                  Speed                  3-way block
                                                           transducer

                                         Course computer




                                                        12 V dc         SeaTalk cable, carries:
                                                                        - 12V power from Course computer
                    SeaTalk or NMEA                                     - Data to and from Course computer

                                                                                                                          D10628-1
4                                                       SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


1.4 Equipment & tools
         Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install
         your system.

         Parts supplied


                                                                                                                      Finger
                                                                                                                      Nut (x2)




                                                                                                                        Stud (x2)

                                                                                                        Panel Seal


                                                                                     SmartPilot
                                                                                     ST6002
         Course                                                                      Controller
         Computer                                                                                                Cable tie
                                                                     Sun Cover




                                       No 8 x 3/4 inch     Connectors            Cable clip           SeaTalk Cable
                                       Pan head screw (x3)                       and screw,
                                                                                 No 6 x 1/2 in


                                                     Power cable
                                                     4.5 m (15 ft)

                                                                                              16 mm spoke          12 mm spoke
                                                                                            clamp insert (x3)    clamp insert (x3)




                 Wheel drive                                              Pedestal                                Clamp screw,
                                                                          bracket           Spoke clamp (x3)     M5 x 16 mm (x6)



                                                                          6 mm drill bit


                               Compass
                               warning label                               4 mm drill bit



     Fluxgate compass           Bracket screw,                            3 mm allen key
    with 8 m (26 ft) cable     No 10 x 3/4 in (x4)                                                User documents
                                                                                                                                     D10614-1




                                                                                                         in wallet
Chapter 1: Installation and system overviews                                              5


      Tools and equipment NOT supplied
      You will need to supply the following equipment and tools:
      Tools:
         Cross-head/pozi-drive screwdriver.
         Pliers.
         Power drill (cordless recommended).
         Bearing puller to remove steering wheel.
         Tape measure (metric/imperial).
         Hammer and center punch.
         Pencil, masking tape.
         Spanner (Wrench) to fit wheel nut.
         Washing-up liquid (to lubricate the spokes).
         Hacksaw.
         Power/battery Drill.
         4 mm + 6 mm drill bits (supplied).
         3 mm allen key (Hex key, supplied).
      Cables / equipment
         Power cable and fuse/breaker.
         Additional data cables (e.g. for connection of GPS or chartplotter).
         Grounding braid.
      Optional equipment
         Bulkhead fitting kit, Raymarine part number E15017, if your wheel is bulkhead or
          box pedestal mounted.
         Additional spoke clamp, Raymarine part number A18089. Enables you to fit an
          extra clamp to a 4-spoke wheel, for esthetic reasons.

1.5 Create a schematic diagram
      As part of the preparation for installing your SPX-5 Wheel system, we recommend
      that you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install. This
      will help ensure that you install a safe optimum system, and so is particularly
      important if you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment.
      The schematic diagram should include:
       Location of all components. See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may
          affect the location of specific components.
       Connectors, cable types, routes and lengths.
      When you have completed the schematic diagram, you are ready to begin installing
      the SPX-5 Wheel system.
6   SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                         7


Chapter 2: Installing the system
    Before proceeding with the installation you should have the following to hand:
     All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX-5 Wheel system.
     The correct type and length of power cable.
     Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections.
    You should also check that existing marine electronics, such as the GPS are installed
    and working.

2.1 Installation precautions
        WARNING: Install at dockside
        For safety reasons your boat must be at dockside before
        commencing installation.

    CAUTION: Switch off power supply
    Switch off the power supply before you start installing this product.

    EMC installation guidelines
    Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Electromagnetic
    Compatibility (EMC) regulations. This minimizes electromagnetic interference
    between equipment, which could otherwise affect the performance of your system.
    Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised.
    For optimum EMC performance, we recommend that:
     Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are:
       i. At least 3 ft (1 m) from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio sig-
           nals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas. In the case of SSB radios, the dis-
           tance should be increased to 7 ft (2 m).
       ii. More than 7 ft (2 m) from the path of a radar beam. A radar beam can normally
           be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element.
     The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start.
       This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the
       engine start does not have a separate battery.
     Raymarine specified cables are used.
     Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation
       manual.
    Remember
    Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above recommendations:
     Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of
       electrical equipment. This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance
       for the installation.
8                                       SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


    Suppression ferrites
    Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These are important for
    correct EMC performance. Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be
    replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete.
        Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers.
    Connections to other equipment
    If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not
    supplied by Raymarine, a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached
    to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
    Compass
    The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of
    interference including engines and VHF radio waves. To ensure optimum operation it
    is essential to locate the compass correctly.

2.2 General cabling guidelines
        Do not mix ac and dc cables.
        Adhere to EMC guidelines (see page 7).
        Use Copex conduit where appropriate to protect cables.
        Label all cables for easy identification.
        Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables.

    Power cable requirement
    An overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration.




        Wheel Drive
               unit

                                       Distribution           Course
                                       panel                  Computer
                                              Cable A
                                              Cable B




                                                                                     D10623-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                  9


       CAUTION: Power cable
       Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power
       supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX-5 Wheel
       system to malfunction. Ensure the correct cable size is used. If in
       doubt, use a heavier gauge cable.
       The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit. In
       the above illustration, that is the total length of Cable A + Cable B.
       The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following
       table.

       Total cable length (A + B)        Copper area               AWG

       Up to 2.5 m (8 ft)                1.0 mm2                   18

       Up to 4.0 m (13 ft)               1.5 mm2                   16

       Up to 6.0 m (22 ft)               2.5 mm2                   14


2.3 SPX-5 Wheel system Course Computer
       Mounting
       The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface, free from
       vibration.


                                                                        10 10       C   F
                                                                                  Max 55   130



                       or

                                                                                  Min-10   14
                                                                                                D10629-1
10                      SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide




                                                            M
                                                          VE OUN
                                                            RT T
                                                              ICA
                                                                 LLY




                                        170 mm (6.7 in)




     237 mm (9.33 in)                                     56 mm
                                                          (2.2 in)

                                                                       D10375-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                                                      11


       Connection overview
       The Course Computer provides the following system connections:

                                                    SeaTalk fuse                        Power fuse              Note: Spare fuses
                                                       (2 A)                              (15A)                 are located in the
                                                                                                                connector cover



                                                         2                                  15




                                                                                                     A      B




                Fluxgate             NMEA 0183                       SeaTalkng            Power                  RF ground
             compass inputs          input/ouput                   inputs/outputs         inputs                 connection
                                                                                          (12 V)
                        Rudder position              SeaTalk                                       Drive motor
                         sensor inputs            inputs/outputs                                     outputs
                                                                                                                                 D10374-1




2.4 Mounting the Wheel Drive
       Introduction
       The Wheel Drive fits onto your boat's steering wheel. The Wheel Drive is compatible
       with 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8 spoke wheels, and with steering systems having between 1 to 3.5
       turns lock to lock.

                  Clamp screw,            Wheel drive   Pre-drilled spoke           Bracket screw,
                  M5 x 16 mm (x6)         front cover   clamp holes (x2)            No 10 x 3/4 inch (x4)




                                                                                                         Pedestal bracket

                                                                                                         Bracket pin




                                                                                                         Cable plug

                                                                                                         Cable socket


                                                                                                         Motor tube
                                                                                                                                       D10630-1




                  Spoke clamp (x3)                  Clamp insert (x3)                                    Clutch lever
12                                       SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     To install the wheel drive you need to:
     1. Drill the spoke clamp holes in the front cover.
     2. Securing the wheel drive to the wheel.
     3. Attaching the pedestal bracket.

     Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes
     1. Remove the wheel drive front cover:
         The front cover is held onto the wheel drive by three `push-fit' posts which sit in
          three sockets on the drive ring.
         To remove the cover, hold the motor in one hand and use your other hand to
          pull the cover up and away from the drive unit (as shown below).




                                                                                             D10631-1
     2. Identify the appropriate spoke clamp holes for your wheel. With the arrow at the
        top, refer to the following diagrams:
         The holes are numbered inside the cover (e.g. if you have a 5 spoke wheel,
            you need to drill the locations marked with `5').
         Mark the appropriate spoke clamp holes and check them by holding the cover
            against your wheel.

        5 spokes                        Top 2 spoke clamp holes                   7 spokes
                                             are pre-drilled
                                                                                                D10632-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                        13



         3 or 6 spokes                      Top 2 spoke clamp holes                     4 or 8 spokes
                                                 are pre-drilled




                                                                                                          D10633-1
       Note: The wheel drive is designed to work with 3 spoke clamps on 4 and 8 spoke wheels. How-
       ever, you may want to fit an extra spoke clamp to the fourth spoke, to give a symmetrical look to
       the installation. Raymarine dealers can supply an extra spoke clamp (part number A18089).
       3. Drill the appropriate spoke clamp holes using the larger of the supplied drill bits
          (6.0 mm or 1/4 in):
           drill from the inside, placing a piece of scrap wood under the cover to produce
              a clean exit hole.
           you will need to drill 4 new holes so the cover has 6 holes in total (2 for each
              spoke clamp).
       Note: The spoke clamps will cover these exit holes, so they will not be visible when the wheel
       drive is installed.




                                                                           Piece of scrap wood
                                                                                                        D10634-1




       4. Align the cover with the wheel drive:
           The two pre-drilled holes (marked with an arrow) must line up with their
              matching pair of threaded inserts on the drive ring (also marked with an arrow).
           Make sure that the other spoke clamp holes align with their threaded inserts.
14                                           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     Note: The cover will only fit back onto the wheel drive when the two parts are correctly aligned.

                         Pre-drilled holes                          Pair of threaded inserts
                       (marked with arrow)                           (marked with arrow)




                                                                                               Drive ring




                                                                                                              D10635-1
         Front cover                                   Drive unit

     5. Fit the cover back onto the wheel drive, by pressing the cover in the three places
        shown on the diagram below, to push each post back into its locating socket.
     Note: This step is easier with the clutch engaged.



                                             TOP




                                                                                                            D10636-1




     Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the wheel
     1. Remove the wheel from the pedestal and place it on top of the drive unit, with the
        front of the wheel and drive both facing up.
     2. Using the wheel drive template at the end of this book, select the correct set of
        spoke clamp inserts for your wheel:
         Measure the spoke diameter at a distance of about 135 mm (5.3 in) from the
            center of the wheel.
      Select the appropriate set of inserts: the wheel drive is supplied with 2 sets of 3
        inserts suitable for 12 mm (1/2 in) and 16 mm (5/8 in) diameter spokes  each insert
        is marked with its size.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                    15


       3. Fit the first spoke clamp as follows:
           Lubricate the spoke with washing-up liquid  so you can slide the spoke clamp
               along the spoke to adjust its position.
           Place the insert on the spoke about 135 mm (5.3 in) from the wheel center 
               this distance is not critical as the wheel drive will self-center as you fit all 3
               spoke clamps.
           Place the spoke clamp onto the insert, making sure that you have correctly
               located the clamp insert in the clamp.
           Locate 2 of the clamp screws (M5 x 16 mm allen-head screws).
           Lightly tighten the screws using the 3 mm allen key (Hex key, supplied).




                                               in)
                                     (   5.3
                                  mm
                            135




                                                                                                     D10637-1
       4. Repeat step 3 to fit the other 2 spoke clamps. As you fit each one, adjust the
          position of the wheel relative to the wheel drive so the holes in the clamp line up
          with the holes in the cover. As you do this, the wheel drive will self-center on
          the wheel.
       5. After fitting all 3 spoke clamps, fully tighten the screws.

       Step 3  Attach the pedestal bracket
       Note: If your wheel is bulkhead or box pedestal mounted, you will need to obtain a bulkhead fit-
       ting kit (part number E15017) from your Raymarine dealer. Fitting instructions are supplied with
       the kit.

       Motor tube location
       You can mount the wheel drive in either one of two ways, to give the most effective
       operation with your particular pedestal design and any adjacent obstructions:
        Slot 1 installation: the standard position uses slot 1 on the back of the wheel
          drive (the slot closest to the motor tube) so the motor tube is at the bottom to the
          right of the pedestal.
        Slot 2 installation: the alternative installation uses slot 2 to position the motor
          tube at the top to the left of the pedestal.
       Select the appropriate slot so the motor tube is clear of obstructions.
16                                            SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     CAUTION: Pedestal mounted compass
     If you use slot 2 and you have a pedestal-mounted compass, the drive
     motor may affect compass readings.

                                 Slot 1 installation:   Slot 2 installation:
                                 motor tube at          motor tube at
                                 bottom right           top left

                 Slot 1                                                                Slot 2




                                                                                                      D10638-1
     Pedestal bracket  length and position
     Note: If you are replacing an existing 4000 wheel drive, you need to: remove the old pedestal
     bracket, cut the new bracket pin to the correct length (see steps 2 and 3 below), then secure it in
     the standard orientation using the existing pedestal holes.
     1. Fit the wheel onto the pedestal, tighten the wheel nut to hold the wheel in place,
        and engage the wheel drive's clutch. Either:
         lock the wheel in position with the appropriate slot centered at the bottom of
             the wheel
             or
         have an assistant hold the wheel in position so you can locate the bracket
             correctly.
     2. Measure dimension A  the distance between the front of the pedestal and the
        rear edge of the drive's front cover (see diagram).
     Note: You may find it easiest to hold the bracket below the wheel drive and mark dimension A
     directly on the pin.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                        17




                                                                                       Cut here




                                                                              A       10 mm




                                                                                                          D10639-1
                                      A

       Note: If the wheel is bent or not running true, dimension A will change with the wheel position.
       Measure the smallest distance.
       3. Use a hacksaw to cut the pin 10 mm (0.4 in) LONGER than dimension A.
          Remove any sharp edges at the cut end with sandpaper or a file.
       4. Place the pin end in slot 1 or 2 (as required).
           To do this you may need to loosen the wheel nut so you can slide the wheel
             forward slightly, place the pin end in the slot, then return the wheel to its normal
             position and re-tighten the wheel nut
       Note: You can install the pedestal bracket either way up. In the standard orientation the pin is at
       the bottom (below the mounting holes  see diagram). If obstructions on the pedestal prevent
       you from using the standard orientation, you can install the bracket so the pin is at the top (above
       the mounting holes).

                                Standard                                             Alternative
                                (also for retro-fit)

                                                                                                         D10640-1




       5. Making sure the slot is central at the bottom of the drive unit (6 o'clock position)
          and the pin is in the middle of the slot, carefully draw around the bracket.
18                                            SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide




                                                                                           D10641-1
     6. Remove the wheel, then hold the bracket on the pedestal in the location you have
        marked.
     7. Check the position and alignment of the pedestal bracket:
         the bracket pin should be aligned so it is directly below the pedestal spindle




          154 mm
          (6.1 in)
                                                                                            D10642-1




     8. When the pedestal bracket is correctly positioned and aligned, mark around the
        inside of the slots, then remove the bracket.
     9. Use a center-punch to mark the center of each slot, then use the smaller supplied
        drill bit to drill a 4.0 mm (5/32 in) diameter hole.
     Note: Drill at right angles to the pedestal surface.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                          19




                                                                                                           D10643-1
       10. Hold the bracket in place then lightly tighten the four cross-head screws (No 10 x
           3/4 in). As you do this, make sure the bracket is correctly aligned.
       11. Replace the wheel, making sure that you locate the pin in the correct slot (slot 1 or
           slot 2).
       12. Turn the wheel with the clutch off to check that the bracket is correctly positioned
           and aligned.
       Note: If the wheel is bent or the wheel drive is off center, the pin will move up and down in the
       back plate slot. As long as the pin does not hit the top or bottom of the slot, this pin movement will
       not affect the drive unit's performance.
       13. When you have checked alignment, fully tighten all four screws.

       Wheel Drive electrical connection
       The drive unit is supplied with 4.5 m (15 ft) of 2-core cable with a waterproof socket at
       one end. Connect the waterproof cable to the Wheel Drive socket as follows:
       1. Ensuring correct alignment, push the plug firmly into the socket
       2. Turn the locking ring 90 clockwise
       3. Pull the plug cover across the plug and socket to make the connection waterproof.
20                                       SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide



                                                 Socket
                                                 Contact




                                                 Locking ring   Plug   Plug cover      Cable
                                                                       (pulled back)
         Motor tube                              Socket cover




                                                                                               D10617-1
     To disconnect the Wheel Drive cable connector, pull back the cover, turn the locking
     ring 90 anti-clockwise and pullout the connector. Place the attached cover on the
     Wheel Drive connector to protect it.
     Wheel Drive cable routing
     Route the free end of the Wheel Drive cable to the Course Computer, securing the
     cable as necessary at regular intervals along the route.
     If the wheel pedestal has a cable duct, route the cable through this. In any case,
     ensure that you route the cable so it cannot foul the steering mechanism.


                                                                                               D10616-1
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                            21


2.5 Connecting power & drive cables to the Course
    Computer
       Power
       The SPX-5 Wheel system needs a 12 V dc supply.
       CAUTION: Ensure correct supply voltage
       Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer, or damage to the
       product could occur.
       Circuit breaker/fuse
       Protect the power supply for the SPX-5 Wheel system with a 10 A fuse or circuit
       breaker.
       Cable
       Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8, obtain the
       required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boat's distribution
       panel to the Course Computer.

       Connection procedure




                                                         A      B




                                                      Brown      Blue

                         Red                  Black
            Distribution                                 Drive unit
            panel


               Fuse or
               circuit
               breaker



                               Power supply


                                                                                        D10505-1
22                                          SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     At the Course Computer, locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel
     and Wheel Drive. Ensuring all power is switched off, refer to the illustration above and
     connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows:
     1. Strip 8-10 mm (1/2 inch) of insulation from the end of each wire.
     2. Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block.
     3. Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the screws.

2.6 Fluxgate Compass
     Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass.
     After fitting the Fluxgate Compass, ensure you affix the compass safe area label
     adjacent to the Fluxgate Compass.
     The compass contains a self-levelling mechanism. This enables the compass to
     provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to +/- 35.
     Note: When shaken, the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound. This is entirely normal and
     is not a cause for concern.

     Compass mounting
     Location
     To achieve the best performance, mount your compass:
      With the Raymarine logo facing the bow.
      As close as possible to the boat's pitch and roll center.
      At least 2ft 6 in (0.8 m) away from your boat's steering compass to avoid deviation
         of both compasses.
      As far away as possible from large iron masses, such as the engine or other
         magnetic devices.




                                                                                              D10538-1


     Note: To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence, tape a hand-
     held compass to the chosen location, then turn the boat through 360. The readings on the hand-
     held compass and your boat's main steering compass (if accurately aligned) should not differ by
     more than10 at any heading.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                 23


       Mounting procedure
       1. Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead, with the cable leaving at the
          bottom of the unit.
       2. Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass, where it is clearly visible.




                                                              Ver
                                                                  tical



                                                                                             D10618-1



       Compass connection
       Route the compass cable to the Course Computer, securing it at regular intervals with
       suitable cable clips/ties.
       Connect to the Course Computer as in the following illustration.




            Screen                              Green
            Red                                 Yellow
                                                Blue




                                    Cable, 8 metres (26 ft)
                                                                          Fluxgate compass
                                                                                             D10388-1
24                                           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


2.7 Pilot Controller
     Fitting
     The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 9 m cable for connection to the
     SeaTalk bus. Ensure that your mounting location is within 9 m of a suitable connection
     point. You may purchase a longer cable if required.
     Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet.

     Connecting to SeaTalk
     The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer, as shown in
     following diagram.
            :




                                                   Red                                    Yellow
                   Pilot Controller                Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk
                                                   is to be powered from Course
                                                   Computer. See SeaTalk power
                                                   connections below, for details.
                                                                                           Screen
                                                      SeaTalk




                                                                                               D10619-1


     Note: You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru-
     ment

     SeaTalk power connections
     The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied
     to SeaTalk:
      If power is supplied by the Course Computer, connect the red and yellow wires
         and the screen to the Course Computer.
      If power is supplied from an external source, connect only the yellow wire and the
         screen to the Course Computer. Do NOT connect the red wire.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                                         25



         SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer
                                                             Course Computer




                                          SeaTalk
                                                                    Pilot
                                                                  Controller                 SeaTalk instruments
                           Yellow


          Red          Screen
                                                                                         SeaTalk
                                                                                                                     D10644-1




         SeaTalk power supplied externally
                                                Course Computer




                                          Pilot
                              SeaTalk




                                        Controller                     SeaTalk instruments

                                                                                                     SeaTalk



                                                                    SeaTalk



                     Yellow                Screen
                                                                                                  SeaTalk 12 V power supply
                                                                                                      (via breaker/fuse)
           Do not connect red wire
           (Cut back and insulate)
                                                                                                                     D10645-1
26                                               SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


2.8 Connect to ground
     CAUTION: Grounding
     The SPX-5 Wheel system ground MUST be connected to ship's
     ground. Failure to connect to ship's ground may cause it, or other on-
     board electronics to malfunction.
     To ground your SPX-5 Wheel system:
      Use a dedicated earthing plate (e.g. dynaplate) in contact with the water.
      Use flat tinned copper braid, 30 A rating (1/4 inch) or greater. Equivalent stranded
         wire diameter 4mm or greater
      Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible.
     Note: If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega-
     tive terminal of the battery (ideally at the battery itself).




                           Course computer
                                                     A         B




           Boat's ground
           connection                 Preferred grounding
                                      method




                                       Alternative grounding
                                       method
                                                                                                D10608-1




                   Boat's battery
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                                     27


2.9 Optional connections
       Rudder reference
       An optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide an accurate display of
       the rudder angle. If you have the optional rudder reference transducer, connect it to
       the course computer as shown.




                 Red                                        Screen
                    Blue                            Green




                                                                     Rudder transducer
                                                                                               D10393-1


       Note: A rudder reference transducer should always be used in hydraulic drive installations.
28                                     SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     SeaTalkng Connections
     To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone, use a dedicated spur cable. Spur
     cables are available from your Raymarine dealer, as follows:

     SeaTalkng spur cable length          Part number

     3 ft 3 in (1 m)                      A06043

     9 ft 10 in (3 m)                     A06044




                                                                   A   B




       Red                                Black
                                          White
       Screen                              Blue


       Cut back                             SeaTalkng spur cable
       & insulate
       Yellow (if present)
                                                                                   D10394-2


     SeaTalkng power
     The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng. A SeaTalkng system
     must be powered from its own separate power supply.
     See also
     For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the SeaTalkng Reference Manual
     available at the Raymarine website. www.raymarine.com/handbooks.
Chapter 2: Installing the system                                                            29


       NMEA 0183 equipment
       The SPX-5 Wheel system can connect to NMEA devices such as a GPS or
       chartplotter.




                                     +ve    -ve    +ve    -ve    Screen not connected
                                      IN     IN    OUT    OUT




                                     +ve   -ve     +ve     -ve
                                     OUT   OUT      IN      IN
                                            NMEA DEVICE
                                                                                        D10539-1


       Data bridging
       The SPX-5 Wheel system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA, allowing
       NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information.
       For example, the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a
       SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display.
       NMEA 0183 / Connecting other manufacturers' equipment
          When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a non-
           Raymarine cable, you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the
           cable near to the Raymarine unit.
          When connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturer's instructions
           for cable details.
          You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course
           Computer NMEA input.
30                                     SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


2.10Final checks
     When you have completed all necessary installation procedures, but before you
     apply power to the system, ensure all equipment and connections are properly
     secured.

     Secure all cables
     To prevent strain on the connector blocks, secure the cables to the Course Computer
     with cable ties as shown below.




                                                                                   D10396-1




2.11Commission the system before use
     The SPX-5 Wheel system must be commissioned prior to use, in accordance with the
     instructions in Chapter 3:Commissioning & setup . For new systems this involves
     calibrating the system, which is a safety-critical action.
                                                                                        31


Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup
   This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine
   SPX-5 Wheel system.

   Requirement
   The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after
   installation, before the SPX-5 Wheel system is used to steer the boat.
   Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX-5 Wheel
   system for optimum performance with your boat. They are not mandatory and you
   may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX-5 Wheel system operates to your
   satisfaction after commissioning.
   When commissioning and setting up the SPX-5 Wheel system, use the supplied
   ST6002 controller (Pilot Controller):
    standby & auto select the required operating mode.
    +1, -1, +10 & -10 initiate course changes.
    disp & track provide access to extended functions.
   Note: The system is also compatible with ST7002, ST8002 and ST70 Pilot Controllers


3.1 Commissioning
   The commissioning process comprises:
    Dockside checks & setup.
    Seatrial calibration.

   Dockside checks & setup
   The dockside checks comprise:
   1. Switching on.
   2. Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections.
   3. Checking autopilot steering sense.
   4. Setting vessel type and drive type.
   5. Setting rudder limits, if rudder reference option fitted.
   With the boat safely tied up, carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures
   before any trials at sea or other setup procedures.
   Switching on
   1. Observing the Wheel drive unit, switch on the main power breaker. If the Wheel
      drive moves, switch off the power immediately, then ensure the system wiring is
      correct.
   2. When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up, the controller
      will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds, before showing the
      STANDBY screen.
      A CALIBRATE REQUIRED message may be displayed. This indicates that the
      autopilot commissioning is not yet complete.
   3. Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading.
32                                           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     Note: The autopilots built-in gyro requires a few minutes to stabilize after power on. During this
     time the heading may appear to drift until the gyro has stabilized.




                                                                   TRUE




                                                                                        D10524-1


     Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections
     SeaTalk instruments
     If you have connected the Pilot Controller to other SeaTalk instruments or controllers:
     1. Select display lighting level 3 (LAMP 3) on one of the other SeaTalk instruments or
          controllers.
     2. Check that the Pilot Controller display lights are on. If the lights are not on, check
          the SeaTalk cabling between the Pilot Controller and the other units.
     SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter
     If you have connected the SPX-5 Wheel system to a chartplotter or GPS (e.g. via
     NMEA0183 or SeaTalk), check the links by displaying the default navigation data
     pages on the Pilot Controller. To do this:
     1. Press disp to display the first data page (XTE), and check that this page shows the
          expected data.
     2. Press disp again to check each successive data page (BTW, DTW etc)
     If the display shows dashes in place of expected data values, ensure:
      The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting an active waypoint.
      The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format.
      There is not a cabling error. Check for open circuit, short circuit or reversed
          connections.
     Other NMEA 0183 connections
     To check other NMEA connections, you will need to set up the appropriate page of
     data using Display calibration mode. See page 47.
     For details of supported NMEA sentences, see Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences.
     Checking autopilot operating sense
        WARNING: Operate the wheel drive clutch safely
        Do NOT reach through the wheel. Reach AROUND the wheel to
        operate the wheel drive clutch lever.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                                     33


      1. Engage the wheel drive clutch by reaching around the wheel and rotating the
         clutch lever clockwise, so the lever engages fully onto the locating pip.
      2. Manually center the wheel, then press auto (so the SPX-5 Wheel system is in
         Auto mode), then check that the display shows AUTO.
         Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hard over.
      3. Press +10 once.
           .




                                                                                                 D10646-1


      4. Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops.
         If the rudder drives hard over, immediately press standby to prevent further rud-
         der movement.
      5. If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over:
         i. Press standby.
         ii. Turn off the power.
         iii. Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX-5 Wheel system computer.
         iv. Switch on the power and re-check.
      Note: If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth, increase
      the rudder damping level manually (See page 54).

      Setting the vessel and drive type
      To set up the vessel type and drive type, you need to enter the Dealer calibration
      mode.

               WARNING: Use Dealer calibration correctly
               Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the
               SPX-5 Wheel system performance and therefore adversely
               affect the steering capability. Do not change Dealer calibration
               settings other than as described in the product documentation.
      To enter the Dealer calibration mode:
      1. Ensure the autopilot is in Standby mode.
      2. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode.
      3. When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL, press disp until the DEALER CAL screen
          is displayed.
      4. Press auto. The display will change to CAL?.
      5. Press -1 and +1 together to enter Dealer calibration.
34                                           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide




                       2 sec                      x3




              At the CAL ? screen, press     -1   +    +1   together to enter DEALER CAL
                                                                                                 D10540-1


     Set the vessel type
     When you select a vessel type, the SPX-5 Wheel system automatically selects
     appropriate default values for various other calibration settings. These default values
     are listed on page 57.
     To setup the vessel type, enter Dealer calibration then:
     1. Use disp to scroll through the Dealer calibration pages until the display shows
         either VESSEL or one of the vessel types.
     2. Use -1 or +1 to select SAIL BOAT:
     3. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option.
     Set the drive type
     1. With the SPX-5 Wheel system still in Dealer calibration, use disp to scroll through
         the calibration pages until you reach the DRIVE TYP page.
     2. Use -1 or +1 to select drive type 3.
     3. Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option.
     Align the rudder indicator
     Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted. If the rudder
     reference option is not fitted, ignore this procedure.
     If the rudder reference option is fitted:
     1. With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration, press disp to scroll through the
          calibration pages until you reach the ALIGN RUD page.
     2. Use the wheel to center the rudder.
     3. Use -1 and +1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center.
          The maximum adjustment available is 9. If the offset is beyond these limits, you
          will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor.
     4. Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration
          option.
     Note: Alternatively, you can zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during the initial seatri-
     al, by manually steering a straight course then accessing the ALIGN RUD screen in Seatrial
     Calibration to adjust the offset.

     Set the rudder limits
     Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted. If the rudder
     reference option is not fitted, ignore this procedure.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                            35


      If the rudder reference option is fitted:
      1. With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the
           calibration pages until you reach the RUD LIMIT page.
      2. Turn the wheel to move the rudder:
            To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
            To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar
      3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you
           have noted.
      4. Press disp to select the new value and move to the next calibration option.
      Save the new settings
      When you have adjusted the above settings, hold down standby for two seconds, to
      save your changes, leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode.

      Seatrial calibration
      When you have completed the dockside checks, carry out a Seatrial calibration, to
      calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering characteristics.
      Before commencing the seatrial:
       The dockside calibration must have been successfully completed.
       There must be no EMC problems (see page 7).
      Important
      If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other
      procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
      Seatrial conditions
      The seatrial must be carried out only:
       In conditions of light wind and calm water.
       In waters that are clear of any obstructions, so the boat has plenty of clear space
          to maneuver.
      In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance, course over ground (COG),
      speed over ground (SOG) and latitude (LAT) data must be available to the SPX-5
      Wheel system (e.g. on SeaTalk). Ensure that the equipment providing this information
      (e.g. GPS), is switched on and fully operational, before starting a Seatrial.
      The Seatrial procedures are:
       Compass calibration.
       Using AutoLearn to set the SPX-5 Wheel system steering characteristics.
      Compass calibration
      The compass calibration procedures are:
       Swinging the compass.
       Aligning the compass.
      Swinging the compass
      The magnetic deviation correction procedure (commonly called "swinging the
      compass") involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can automatically
36                                            SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     determine the deviation and apply any correction required. The correction procedure
     reduces deviation errors to a few degrees.
     As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat, you MUST
     complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure.
     To swing the compass:
     1. With the pilot in Standby mode, enter Seatrial calibration as follows:
         i. Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode.
         ii. When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen, press disp until you see the
              SEATRIAL CAL screen.
         iii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration.
     2. Use disp to move through the Seatrial calibration items until you see
         SWING COMPASS.




                        2 sec                     x2
                                                                                                  D10541-1

     Note: If you cannot access Seatrial calibration, you need to disable the calibration lock. This can
     be found in Dealer calibration (see page 52).
     3. When you are ready to start, press +1, to select SWING COMPASS ON.
     4. Press auto to start the compass swing.
        The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT.
     5. Start slowly turning the boat in circles (keeping the boat's speed below 2 knots).
        You will need to complete at least two circles, taking at least 2 minutes to complete
        each 360:
        If you turn the boat too quickly, the display will show a TOO FAST message. If this
        occurs, apply less helm to turn in a larger circle.
     Note: If necessary, you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp. If you then
     want to repeat the deviation correction, return to the SWING COMPASS screen.
     6. Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the
        DEVIATION screen. This indicates that the SPX-5 Wheel system has completed
        the deviation correction.
     Note: This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 (not as an east/west
     value).
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                           37




                                                                                  Start
                                                                              turning boat




                       Turn boat in slow circles so:
                        boat's speed stays below 2 knots
                        each circle takes at least 2 minutes            Autopilot heading


          Minimum of
           2 circles
                              Keep turning the boat until
                             you see the DEVIATION screen
                                                                                       D10542-1


      If the deviation figure exceeds 15 or the display shows no deviation value, the
      compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat. You should move the
      compass to a better location. Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats.
      Aligning the compass heading
      Once the deviation is displayed, press disp to move to the Heading Alignment
      (ALIGN HDG) page, then:
      1. Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold the
          course.
      2. If you have a GPS connected to your SPX-5 Wheel system:
          i. Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots.
          ii. Press auto. The SPX-5 Wheel system will then set the heading to agree with
              the COG (course over ground) heading received from the GPS.
      As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must fine-
      tune the heading alignment so it matches the boat's steering compass (or a known
      transit bearing). To do this:
      1. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boat's
          steering compass (or a known transit bearing).
      2. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new
          compass settings.
38                                                SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide



     Align the autopilot heading
      a Coarse adjustment: If COG is available from GPS, press           to set autopilot heading to
                           COG value, then fine tune manually (see below).
      b Fine adjustment:   If COG is not available (or after setting heading to COG),
                           align autopilot heading manually:
                                                     Autopilot heading     Steering compass
                                     or
                                                                          =
                                     or
                                                                                                         Known
                                                                                                         heading
                  Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the
                  same value as the boat's steering compass

     Save changes                                                          To:
                                                                            save deviation correction
                                                                            save heading alignment
                                                                            return to STANDBY mode
                                          2 sec
                                                                                                             D10543-1


     Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error, small errors
     (a few degrees) may remain. Once you have completed the initial compass
     calibration, you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to
     swing the compass again.
     Check the heading reading against a number of known headings, plot a deviation
     curve, and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average
     alignment error. You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen, as
     described above.
     If the average heading error is more than 5, you should perform the compass
     deviation correction procedure again, circling more slowly and in more favorable
     conditions.
     AutoLearn
          WARNING: Ensure there is enough clear sea space
          The AutoLearn process takes the boat through a number of
          maneuvers, which can result in sudden, sharp turns, especially
          when the AutoLearn function is run on more maneuverable
          boats. Therefore, ensure there is a significant amount of CLEAR
          SEA SPACE in front of the boat, before starting an AutoLearn
          process.
     The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine. AutoLearn is a self-
     learning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain, counter rudder and
     AutoTrim for optimum performance for your boat.
     If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any
     other procedure, press the standby button. NEVER compromise vessel safety.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                                              39




                                                                    W
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                                                                      d
                                              e )
                                            ac 0 m
                                          sp (10




                                                                                     e
                                                                                   ac
                                    r s nm




                                                                                 sp
                                  ea 4
                                       ea




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                                cl 0.0




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                                                                            ar
                             of st




                                                                          le
                                 a
                               le




                                                                        fc
                           At




                                                                     )o
                                                                    m
                                                                00
                                                               (5
                                                           nm
                                                           5
                                                        .2
                                                     t0
                                                 as
                                                                             1 minute




                                               le
                                             At
                                                                          (approximately)
                                                                                               D10544-1


      Carry out an AutoLearn as follows:
      1. Ensure you have sufficient sea room to complete the AutoLearn:
      2. Access the AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial calibration as follows:
         i. From Standby mode, hold down standby for 2 seconds, then press disp twice
             to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen.
         ii. Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration, then press disp four times to see the
             AUTOLEARN screen.
      3. Prepare to start the AutoLearn as follows:
          Steer straight ahead (rudder centered) and motor the boat at typical cruising
             speed.
          If conditions are not calm, head into the wind and waves.
      4. When you are ready to start the AutoLearn, press +1 then auto.

             Enter Seatrial calibration




                                   2 sec                                x2

             Prepare for AutoLearn
              steer straight ahead at cruising speed
               (planing boats  just on the plane)
              head into wind and waves




                                     x4


                                                                                     AutoLearn in progress
                       CHECK!                                       Start
                       Before proceeding, ensure                    AutoLearn
                       you have sufficient clear
                       sea space
                                                                                                          D10545-1
40                                             SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     5. The screen will show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER message. Ensure it is safe to
        continue, then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers:
         The boat will start a series of zig-zag turns and the display will show LEARNING
           with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage. This number increases
           as AutoLearn progresses.
         A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps (depending on boat
           characteristics and sea conditions).
     Note: To cancel an AutoLearn, press standby or disp.
     6. When the SPX-5 Wheel system has finished learning, the controller will beep and
        display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL:
         LRN PASS = AutoLearn completed successfully
         LRN FAIL = AutoLearn was not successful, so should be repeated. One of the
             following failure codes will also be displayed:
             1 = AutoLearn has not been carried out.
             2 = AutoLearn failed, due to manual interruption.
             4 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to drive or compass failure.
             5 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to motor current limiting.
             6 = AutoLearn failed, probably due to boat spinning.
     7. If the AutoLearn was successful, hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the
        new settings.

       Boat completes AutoLearn



                                                            AutoLearn successful
                                                                                       Note: If you see a
                                                After                                  LRN FAIL message,
                                              7 to 27                                  press disp to return to
                                               steps                                   the AUTOLEARN screen
                                                                                       then repeat from Step 2



           !   If you need to cancel the AutoLearn, press           or



       Save new settings
                                                                         To:
                                                                          save AutoLearn calibration settings
                                                                          return to STANDBY mode
                                      2 sec
                                                                                                           D10546-1



     Commissioning complete
     Your SPX-5 Wheel system is now commissioned and ready for use.
     After having used your SPX-5 Wheel system, you may decide to change the value of
     some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat. If you feel this is
     necessary, use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup, below.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                                  41


3.2 Manual setup
      Checking SPX-5 Wheel system operation
      Before manually adjusting any settings, familiarize yourself with basic SPX-5 Wheel
      system operation, as follows:
      1. Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising
           speed. If necessary, steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat
           steers.
      2. Press auto to lock onto the current heading. The SPX-5 Wheel system should
           hold the locked heading in calm sea conditions.
      3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 and observe how the SPX-5 Wheel system alters the
           course to port and starboard.
      4. Press standby to return to manual steering.
      If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX-5 Wheel system performance, you can do so
      by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust:
       Response level.
       Rudder gain.
       Counter rudder.
       AutoTrim.
      Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions
      and headings to achieve optimum all-round performance for your particular vessel
      and preferences.
      Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed.

      Response level
      The principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX-5 Wheel system is by
      changing the response level. This controls the relationship between the SPX-5 Wheel
      system's course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/drive activity.

       Screen Text         Effect on operation

       RESPONSE 1-3        This setting minimizes the amount of rudder activity but may compro-
                           mise short-term course keeping accuracy,

       RESPONSE 4-6        This setting gives good course keeping with crisp, well controlled turns
                           under normal operating conditions.

       RESPONSE 7-9        This setting provides the tightest possible course keeping and greatest
                           rudder activity. This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the
                           SPX-5 Wheel system may fight the sea.

      To temporarily change the response level:
      1. Press -1 and +1 or resp to access the RESPONSE screen.
      2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the setting.
      3. Press disp to confirm the change.
42                                         SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     Rudder gain
     Boats can vary widely in their response to helm, and by adjusting the rudder gain you
     can change the SPX-5 Wheel system's steering characteristics. Rudder gain is a
     measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Wheel system applies to correct course errors
      higher settings mean more rudder is applied.
     Checking
     Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly:
     1. Set RESPONSE to level 5 (see above).
     2. Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water. (It is easier to recognize
        the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave action does not mask
        steering performance.)
     3. Press auto to enter Auto mode, then alter course by 40:
         If the rudder gain is adjusted correctly, the 40 course change should result in
            a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5.
         If the rudder gain setting is too high, the 40 course change will result in a
            distinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct `S' in the course,
            as at (A) below.
            Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting.
         If the rudder gain is too low, the boat's performance will be sluggish  it will take
            a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot (B below).
            Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting.

                                                  New
                                                 heading
                                                    B
                                                                New
                                                               heading
                           Rudder gain                            A
                              too low
                                                                            New
                                         Rudder gain                       heading
                                            too high

                                                           Correct
                                                       rudder gain




                                                                                 D3262-3


     Adjusting
     To adjust the rudder gain:
     1. Access the RUDD GAIN screen in Dealer calibration (see page 53).
     2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the rudder gain.
     3. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
     4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode.
Chapter 3: Commissioning & setup                                                           43


      Counter rudder
      Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Wheel system applies to try to
      prevent the boat from yawing off course. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
      rudder being applied.
      Checking
      To check the counter rudder setting:
      1. Set RESPONSE to level 5 (see page 41).
      2. Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water.
      3. Press auto to switch the SPX-5 Wheel system to Auto mode, then make a 90
          course change:
           When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly, the boat performs a
             smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot.
           If the counter rudder is too low, the boat will still overshoot.
           If counter rudder is too high, the boat will `fight the turn' and make a series of
             short, sharp turns: this results in a very `mechanical' feel as the boat changes
             course.
      Adjusting
      To adjust the counter rudder:
      1. Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration. (see page 53)
      2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the counter rudder.
      3. Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
      4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode.

      AutoTrim
      You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting. AutoTrim determines how quickly
      the SPX-5 Wheel system applies `standing helm' to correct for trim changes, caused,
      for example, by changes in the wind load on the superstructure, or an imbalance of
      engines.
      Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX-5 Wheel system takes to get
      back onto the correct course, but makes the boat less stable. If the SPX-5 Wheel
      system:
       Gives unstable course keeping and the boat `snakes' around the desired course,
          decrease the AutoTrim level.
       Hangs off course for excessive periods of time, increase the AutoTrim level.
      Adjusting
      Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting, ensure you have sufficient
      experience using your SPX-5 Wheel system.
      If you need to adjust AutoTrim, go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable
      value. The range of settings is from OFF (no trim correction) to 4 (fastest trim
      correction).
44                                   SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     To adjust the AutoTrim
     1. Access the AUTOTRIM screen in Dealer calibration.mode, then:
     2. Use -1 or +1 to adjust the AutoTrim level.
     3. Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes.
     4. Press auto to check the SPX-5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode.
                                                                                         45


Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings
4.1 Introduction
    This chapter describes the SPX-5 Wheel system calibration settings and the factory
    default settings. The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating
    requirements, but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when
    commissioning the system, they should not require further change.
    If you change the calibration settings after the SPX-5 Wheel system has been
    commissioned, you do not need to repeat the commissioning process. However, DO
    NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in
    Chapter 3 have been completed.

    Calibration modes
    There are four calibration modes, namely Display calibration, User calibration,
    Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration.
    Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values.
    Display calibration
    The items in Display calibration affect the SPX-5 Wheel system Pilot Controller. They
    are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through
    SeaTalk.
    You can adjust the Display calibration settings as often as necessary  for example, to
    add or change information displayed on data pages.
    User calibration
    The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
    basis to respond to changing conditions.
    Seatrial calibration
    The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX-5 Wheel
    system, as described in Chapter 3, so is not described again here. Do not access
    Seatrial calibration during normal operation.
    Dealer calibration
    The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on
    operation and can affect your boat's safety.
    After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial, you should not normally
    need to alter the Dealer calibration values.
46                                     SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     Accessing the Calibration modes
       Accessing
       Calibration Modes
                       2 seconds                   2 seconds
                                                   (saves changes)

        Calibration
        Modes
                                                                     to enter display
                                                                     calibration mode




                                                                     to enter user
                                                                     calibration mode




                                                                     to enter seatrial
                                                                     calibration mode




                                                         CAL ?
                                                                     to enter dealer
                                                            +
                                                                     calibration mode


                                                                                         D10647-1



     Adjusting calibration values
     To adjust calibration values:
     1. Access the required calibration mode (refer to the diagram above).
     2. Press disp to scroll through the available options. To view the previous option,
         press and hold disp for 1 second.
     3. Use -1, +1, -10 and +10 to change the values.
     When you have made all required changes, press and hold standby for 2 seconds to
     save changes and exit.
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                                 47


4.2 Display calibration
      Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot
      Controller.

          Accessing Display
          Calibration



                                                                         2 seconds
                                                                         (save changes)
           Display Calibration



                                                                               To adjust values
                                    The RUDD BAR parameters are                      or
                                     adjustable only if the rudder
                                 reference transducer option is fitted
                                                                                     or

                                   Data pages

                                   Press disp
                                   for next page




                                                                                                  D10602-1



      RUDD BAR screen
      This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens.

      HDG screen
      You can choose whether to use magnetic or true heading data values. The options
      are:
          HDG MAG - Magnetic heading. If you select this, the screen will indicate MAG for
           heading values, during normal operation.
          HDG TRUE - True heading. If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for
           heading values, during normal operation.

      Data pages
      The Pilot Controller has fifteen user-configurable data pages. Each data page can be
      configured to display SeaTalk/NMEA data, which can be viewed during normal
      operation (see SmartPilot-X5 Wheel system Operating Guide).
48                                         SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     The default data page settings are:

     Data Page                      Default Setting

     1                              XTE (Cross Track Error)

     2                              BTW (Bearing to Waypoint) - see Note below

     3                              DTW (Distance to Waypoint) - see Note below

     4                              RESPONSE

     Remaining pages                NOT USED (see Setting up data pages below)

     Setting up data pages
     When setting up your data pages, we recommend:
      You set data pages you do not need to NOT USED, as these will then not be
       displayed during normal operation, leaving just the data pages that you do want
       for you to scroll to.
      You retain the BTW and DTW data pages. If your SPX-5 Wheel system receives a
       man overboard (MOB) message, these data pages will show the bearing and
       distance to the MOB location.
      .




     Available Data Pages                    Displayed as

     Speed Knots                             SPEED KTS

     Log                                     LOG XXXX.X

     Trip                                    TRIP XXX.X

     Average Speed                           AV. SPD

     Wind Direction                          e.g. WIND PORT

     Wind Speed                              WIND KTS

     Depth Metres                            DEPTH M - see Note below

     Depth Feet                              DEPTH FT - see Note below

     Depth Fathoms                           DEPTH FA - see Note below

     Heading                                 HEADING

     Water Temperature, Degrees C            WATER C - see Note below

     Water Temperature, Degrees F            WATER F - see Note below

     Course Over Ground                      COG

     Speed Over Ground, Knots                SOG KTS

     Cross Track Error                       XTE

     Distance to Waypoint                    DTW
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                               49


       Available Data Pages                    Displayed as

       Bearing to Waypoint                     BTW

       Rudder Gain                             RUDD GAIN

       Response                                RESPONSE

       Watch                                   WATCH - used to control the Watch timer

       Universal Time Coordinated              UTC

      Note: There are 3 depth data pages (meters, feet and fathoms) and 2 water temperature data
      pages (C and F). The SPX-5 Wheel system will display the depth data or water temperature in
      the units defined by the data page you select.


4.3 User calibration
        Accessing User Calibration




                                                                         2 seconds
                                                                         (save changes)
                  User Calibration



                                                                               To adjust values
                                                                                     or

                                                                                     or




                                                                                                  D10506-1



      For information on how to access User calibration, see Accessing the Calibration
      modes, page 46.
      The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular
      basis to respond to changing conditions.
50                                        SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     AutoTack
     The AutoTack angle is not adjustable. The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is
     initiated, is mirrored the other side of the wind, on the opposite tack.

     Gybe inhibit
     With gybe inhibit on:
      You will be able to perform an AutoTack into the wind.
      The SPX-5 Wheel system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack
        away from the wind, to prevent accidental gybes.
     With gybe inhibit off, you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind.

     Screen Text             Options

     GYBE STOP               ON (Default) = Gybe inhibit on (gybes prevented)
                             OFF = Gybe inhibit off (gybes permitted)


     Wind selection
     This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
     mode.

     Options

     WIND APP (Default)      SPX-5 Wheel system steers to apparent wind angle

     WIND TRUE               SPX-5 Wheel system steers to true wind angle


     WindTrim
     WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX-5 Wheel system responds to changes in the
     wind direction. Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
     to wind changes.

     Screen Text             Options

     WIND TRIM               Range = 1 to 9
                             1 to 3 - Least responsive to wind changes (less system activity)
                             4 to 6 - Moderate response to wind changes
                             7 to 9 - Most responsive to wind changes (more system activity)


     Response level
     This sets the default SPX-5 Wheel system response level. The response level
     controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
     drive activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation,
     as described in Smart Pilot X-5 Wheel System Operating Guide.
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                        51


       Screen Text           Options

       RESPONSE              Range = 1 to 9
                             Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
                             power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy.
                             Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well con-
                             trolled turns under normal operating conditions
                             Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
                             activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
                             in open waters as the SPX-5 Wheel system may `fight' the sea.


4.4 Dealer calibration
      For information on how to access Dealer calibration, see Accessing the Calibration
      modes, page 46.

           WARNING: Dealer calibration
           Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant
           affect on the SPX-5 Wheel system steering characteristics and
           therefore on the safety of your boat.
      Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process (see
      Chapter 2: Commissioning & setup), and once the SPX-5 Wheel system has been
      commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration values.
      However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration, be aware that
      the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX-5
      Wheel system operation and can affect your boat's safety.
52                                           SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide



        Accessing
        Dealer Calibration




                                                   +

                                                                                      2 seconds
                                                                                      (saves changes)
          Dealer Calibration




                                           To adjust values

                                                  or

                                                  or

                                         To exit & save changes



                                               2 seconds




                                                                                                 D10603-1



     Seatrial calibration lock
     This screen controls the access to Seatrial calibration.

     Screen text               Options

     CAL LOCK OFF              Calibration lock off  Seatrial calibration can be accessed (default)

     CAL LOCK ON               Calibration lock on  Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed

     Vessel type
     Selecting the correct vessel type, enables the SPX-5 Wheel system to set appropriate
     values for other calibration settings, to give optimum performance. Refer to the table
     on page 57 for default values.
     The correct setting for the SPX-5 Wheel system is SAIL BOAT. This should be set
     when commissioning the SPX-5 Wheel system.
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                          53


      Drive type
      The drive type setting controls how the SPX-5 Wheel system drives the steering
      system.
      The correct setting for the SPX-5 Wheel system is 3. This should be set when
      commissioning the SPX-5 Wheel system.

      Align rudder
      The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
      If the rudder reference option is fitted, use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder
      bar display. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5 Wheel system (see
      page 31).

       Screen Text                      Range

       ALIGN RUD                        -9 to +9 in 1 steps

      Rudder limit
      The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted.
      If the rudder reference option is fitted, this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder
      control just inside the mechanical end stops, and thus avoid putting the steering
      system under unnecessary load. This should be set when commissioning the SPX-5
      Wheel system (see page 31).

       Screen Text             Range

       RUD LIMIT               10 to 40 in 1 steps


      Rudder gain
      Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX-5 Wheel system applies to
      correct course errors. The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied.
      The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process
      (see page 42).
       .




       Screen Text             Range

       RUDD GAIN               1 to 9


      Counter rudder
      Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX-5 Wheel system applies to try to
      prevent the boat from yawing off course. Higher counter rudder settings result in more
      rudder being applied.
54                                        SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     The default counter rudder gain is set as part of the initial seatrial AutoLearn process
     (see page 43).
     Screen Text             Range

     COUNT RUD               1 to 9 (Do NOT set to 0)


     Rudder damping
     If the SPX-5 Wheel system `hunts' when trying to position the rudder, adjust the
     rudder damping value to minimize this. Increasing the rudder damping value reduces
     hunting. Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting, and
     always use the lowest acceptable value.

     Screen Text             Range

     RUDD DAMP               1 to 9


     AutoTrim
     The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX-5 Wheel system applies
     `standing helm' to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on the sails
     or superstructure.
     The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process (see page 43).
     If you need to change the setting, increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use
     the lowest acceptable value:
      If the SPX-5 Wheel system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive
          activity with a change in the heel angle, decrease the AutoTrim level.
      If the SPX-5 Wheel system reacts slowly to a heading change due to a change in
          the heel angle, increase the AutoTrim level.
      If the AutoTrim level is too high, the boat will be less stable and snake around the
          desired course.
     Setting                 Effect

     AUTO TRIM OFF           No trim correction

     AUTO TRIM 1 to 4        Auto trim applied:
                             1 = Slowest, 4 = Fastest


     Response level
     This sets the default SPX-5 Wheel system response level setting. The response level
     controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm/
     drive activity. You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation
     (see your Operating Guide for details).
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                          55


       Screen Text           Options

       RESPONSE              Range = 1 to 9
                             Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity. This conserves
                             power, but may compromise short-term course-keeping accuracy
                             Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp, well con-
                             trolled turns under normal operating conditions
                             Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder
                             activity (and power consumption). This can lead to a rough passage
                             in open waters as the SPX-5 Wheel system may `fight' the sea.

      Turn rate limit
      This limits your boat's rate of turn under SPX-5 Wheel system control.

       Screen Text           Range

       TURN RATE             1 to 30 per second in 1 steps


      Off course angle
      This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm (see your
      Operating Guide). The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by
      more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds.

       Screen Text           Range

       OFF COURSE            15 to 40 in 1 steps




                                            Locked heading


                                                                 Boat heading


                                            15 minimum




                                                                                            D10648-1



      AutoTack
      The AutoTack angle is not adjustable. The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is
      initiated, is mirrored the other side of the wind, on the opposite tack.
      See User calibration, page 50.
56                                                SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


     Gybe inhibit
     See User calibration, page 50.

     Wind selection
     Note: Only available if appropriate wind data is available.
     This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane
     mode. See User calibration, page 50.

     WindTrim
     WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX-5 Wheel system responds to changes in the
     wind direction. Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive
     to wind changes. See User calibration, page 50.

     PowerSteer
     If you have a joystick connected to your SPX-5 Wheel system, use this screen to
     select the required joystick mode of operation. For detailed operating information,
     refer to the guide supplied with the joystick.
      .




     Options
     OFF           Joystick off
     1             1 = Proportional power steer
                   Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement  the
                   further the joystick is held over, the greater the applied rudder.
     2             2 = Bang-bang power steer
                   Bang-bang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever
                   movement  to improve control, the speed of rudder movement changes with the
                   angle of the lever. For maximum speed, push the lever hardover. If you return the
                   lever to the center position, the rudder will remain in its current position.

     Cruise speed
     Set the cruise speed to the boat's typical cruising speed. If neither the speed through
     the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5
     Wheel system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when
     calculating course changes.

     Screen Text                  Range

     CRUISE SP                    4 to 60 knots

     Latitude
     If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA, the SPX-5 Wheel system will
     use this data instead of the calibration value.

     Screen Text                  Range

     LATITUDE                     0 to 80 in 1 steps
Chapter 4: SPX-5 Wheel system settings                                                               57


      System reset
      CAUTION: Losing settings at system reset
      Do NOT carry out a System RESET unless advised to do so by a
      Raymarine dealer. If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX-5
      Wheel system calibration settings. You will then need to repeat the
      SPX-5 Wheel system commissioning process.
      Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration, Seatrial calibration and Dealer
      calibration settings to their default values.
      Note: the Display calibration settings will not change, as these are stored in each individual con-
      troller
      To carry out a system reset:
      1. Select the System reset (RESET) screen in Dealer calibration.
      2. Press +1 then press auto.
      3. The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message. Either:
            Press auto to cancel the reset
           or
            Press +1 again to select YES and reset the SPX-5 Wheel system.
      4. You will then see the CAL LOCK screen:
            Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new settings, then turn the
              SPX-5 Wheel system computer power off and back on.
      If you reset the system parameters, you must carry out the SPX-5 Wheel
      system commissioning process before using the SPX-5 Wheel system again.

4.5 System defaults
       Parameter                    Defaults              Parameter                     Defaults

       Calibration Lock             OFF                   Turn Rate Limit               7

       Vessel Type                  SAIL BOAT             Off Course Angle              20

       Drive Type                   3                     AutoTack Angle                Relative

       Rudder Alignment             0                     Gybe Inhibit                  ON

       Rudder Limit                 30                    Wind Type                     APP

       Rudder Gain                  2                     Wind Trim                     5

       Counter Rudder               2                     Power Steer (Joystick)        OFF

       Rudder Damping               2                     Cruise Speed                  8

       AutoTrim                     1                     Latitude                      0

       Response:                    5                     Autopilot Reset               OFF
58   SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                              59


Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
    The SPX-5 Wheel Course Computer supports the following NMEA0183 sentences.

NMEA0183 to Course Computer

    Header               Data in

    APB                  Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, waypoint number

    BWC                  Bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint number, time
    BWR

    GGA                  Latitude/longitude, time
    GLL

    HDG                  Heading
    HDM
    HDT

    MWV                  Apparent wind angle, apparent wind speed

    RMA                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longi-
                         tude, variation

    RMB                  Cross track error, bearing to waypoint, distance to waypoint, waypoint
                         number

    RMC                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG), latitude/longi-
                         tude, time, variation

    VHW                  Speed through water, heading

    VTG                  Course over ground (COG), speed over ground (SOG)

    VWR                  Apparent wind angle (AWA) and apparent wind speed (AWS)

    XTE                  Cross track error

    ZDA                  Time, date

NMEA0183 from Course Computer

    Header               Data out

    HDG                  Heading

    HDT                  True heading (requires true heading data to be available.)

    RSA                  Rudder angle. Available only if Rudder Reference option is fitted.

    * The computer will only transmit these items if it has received the appropriate data.
60   SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                                       61


Appendix 2:                   SPX-5 Wheel system specifications
Course Computer

Nominal supply voltage           12 V dc
                                 (10 A fuse protection at distribution panel)
                                 (10 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution panel)

Operating voltage range          10 V to 16 V dc

Current consumption (standby) 200 mA

Gyro                             Built in

Environmental conditions:
 operating temperature          -10C to 55C (14F to 131F)
 non-operating temperature      -20C to 70C (-4F to 158F)
 relative humidity limit        80%
 water protection               Drip resistant when mounted vertically

Storage conditions when
packed:
 temperature range              -5C to 50C (23F to 122F)
 relative humidity limit        75%

Dimensions:                      Width: 240 mm (9 7/16"), Height: 170 mm (6 11/16"), Depth: 55 mm (2 3/16")

Weight                           600 g (1 lb 5.2oz)

Inputs                           Fluxgate Compass, NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), SeaTalkng and
                                 power

Outputs                          NMEA 0183 v3.01, SeaTalk (x2), drive motor and SeaTalkng

Raymarine drive compatibility:   ST4000 Wheel Drive (as supplied with product)
                                 ST4000 Tiller Drive (standard and GP)

Drive motor output:              Continuous 5 A at nominal 12 V

SeaTalk output:                  2A at 12 V (fuse protected at 2A)

NMEA 0183 v3.01 inputs/out-      See Appendix 1: NMEA 0183 sentences
puts

Fast heading output              NMEA 0183 - 5 Hz
                                 SeaTalkng - 10 Hz
                                 NMEA 2000 - 10 Hz

Fuses                            Standard automotive blade fuses to protect:
                                 Power Terminals - 15 A
                                 SeaTalk Terminals - 2 A

EMC compliance:                  Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
                                 Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
62                                          SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


Wheel Drive

Wheel Drive unit technical specification

Nominal supply voltage         12 V dc

Operating voltage range        10 V to 16 V dc

Motor Speed                    No Load: 6.5 - 11 RPM

                               Hard over speed:
                               2.5 turns: 15.75 Seconds Max
                               4 turns: 25.25 seconds max

Torque:
 Manual override torque:      Max 4Nm
 Continuous torque at helm:   Max 6 Nm (14 V supply, 8.75 RPM)
 Peak torque at helm:         18 Nm
 Power off torque:            Min 20Nm at clutch (to withstand back-driving)

Environmental conditions:
 operating temperature        -10C to 55C (14F to 131F)
 non-operating temperature    -20C to 70C (-4F to 158F)
 water protection             To IPX6 standard

Storage conditions when        -20C to 50C (-4F to 122F)
packed:                        75%
temperature range
relative humidity limit

Inputs                         Drive power from compatible Course Computer.

Servicing                      Raymarine approved service at 1000 hrs intervals

EMC compliance:                Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
                               Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2

Helm tested to:                EN29775 Section 7.2.2 Helm assembly tests.
                               BSEN28848 Helm impact test.
SPX-5 Wheel system specifications                                                           63


Pilot Controller (ST6002)
Nominal supply voltage:             12 V DC via SeaTalk

Operating voltage range:            10 V to 15 V DC

Current consumption (in Standby     60 mA (less than 200 mA with full lighting)
mode)

Operating temperature:              0 C to +70 C (32 F to 158 F)

Water protection:                   waterproof to CFR46

Overall dimensions:
width                               110 mm (4.33 in)
height                              115 mm (4.53 in)
depth                               41 mm (1.62 in)

Keypad:                             8 button illuminated keypad

Liquid Crystal Display (LCD):       shows heading, locked course and navigational data,
                                    and up to 15 data pages

LCD illumination:                   3 brightness levels + off

Input connections:                  SeaTalk (x2) and NMEA 0183

Output connections:                 SeaTalk (x2)

EMC compliance:                     Europe 2004/108/EC (EMC)
                                    Australia and New Zealand: C-Tick, Compliance Level 2
64   SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide
                                                                                  65


Index
A
Accessing calibration modes, 46                response level, 54
                                               rudder damping, 54
AutoLearn, 38
                                               rudder gain, 53
AutoTack, 55
                                               rudder limit, 53
AutoTrim, 43, 54                               seatrial calibration lock, 52
C                                              system reset, 57
Calibration modes, 45                          turn rate limit, 55
                                               vessel type, 52
Certified installation, 1
                                               wind type, 56
Checking system operation, 41
                                               WindTrim, 56
Commissioning                               Default settings, 57
   Dockside, 31                             Display calibration, 47
       align rudder indicator, 34
                                               data page setup, 47
       checking connections, 32                heading selection, 47
       checking pilot operating sense, 32   Drive type, 53
       set drive type, 34                      setup, 34
       set rudder limits, 34
                                            E
       set vessel type, 34
                                            EMC information, v, 7
       switching on, 31
   requirement, 30, 31                      F
   Seatrial, 35                             Fluxgate Compass
       AutoLearn, 38                           connecting, 23
       conditions, 35                          locating, 22
       heading alignment, 37                   mounting, 23
       swinging the compass, 35             Fuse, 21
Connecting Wheel Drive, 19                  G
Counter rudder, 43, 53                      Grounding, 26
Course Computer                             Gybe inhibit, 50
   connections, 11
       Fluxgate Compass, 23                 H
       NMEA0183, 29                         Heading alignment, 37
       Pilot Controller, 24                 Heading selection, 47
       power, 21                            J
       rudder reference, 27                 Joystick setup, 56
       SeaTalkng, 28
                                            L
       Wheel Drive, 21
                                            Latitude, 56
   mounting, 9
D                                           M
Data pages                                  Magnetic/true heading selection, 47
                                            Manual setup
   available functions, 48
   setup, 47                                  AutoTrim, 43
Dealer calibration                            checking operation, 41
                                              counter rudder, 43
   align rudder indicator, 53
                                              response level, 41
   AutoTack, 55
   AutoTrim, 54                             N
   counter rudder, 53                       NMEA0183
   cruise speed, 56                           connections, 29
   drive type, 53                             inputs, 59
   latitude, 56                               outputs, 59
   off course warning angle, 55
   power steer, 56
66                                              SmartPilot X-5 Wheel Installation & Setup Guide


O                                                       response level, 50, 54
Off course warning angle, 55                            rudder damping, 54
                                                        rudder gain, 42, 53
P                                                       rudder indicator alignment, 34, 53
Parts supplied, 4                                       rudder limit, 53
Pilot Controller                                        rudder limits, 34
    connecting, 24                                      seatrial calibration lock, 52
         SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course           turn rate limit, 55
          Computer, 25                                  vessel type, 34, 52
         SeaTalk power supplied by Course               wind type, 50, 56
          Computer, 24                                  WindTrim, 50, 56
                                                     ST6002 Pilot Controller
    fitting, 24
Power cable requirement, 8                              connecting, 24
                                                             SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course
Power connection, 21
Power steer (joystick) mode, 56                               Computer, 25
                                                             SeaTalk power supplied by Course
Power supply protection, 21
                                                              Computer, 24
Product disposal, vi
                                                        fitting, 24
R                                                    Swinging the compass, 35
Resetting the system, 57                             Switching on, 31
Response level, 50, 54                               System defaults, 57
  temporary changes, 41                              System grounding, 26
Rudder damping, 54                                   System reset, 57
Rudder gain, 53
  setup, 42                                          T
Rudder indicator alignment, 53                       Tools required, 5
  setup, 34                                          Turn rate limit, 55
Rudder limits, 53                                    U
  setup, 34                                          User calibration, 49
Rudder reference option, 27                            gybe inhibit, 50
S                                                      response level, 50
Safety                                                 wind type, 50
   electrical, v                                       WindTrim, 50
   general, v                                        V
   navigation, v                                     Vessel type, 52
SeaTalkng connections, 28                            Vessel type setup, 34
Seatrial Calibration, 35
                                                     W
   AutoLearn, 38
   conditions, 35                                    Wheel Drive
   heading alignment, 37                               cable routing, 20
   swinging the compass, 35                            connecting, 19
Seatrial calibration lock, 52                          mounting, 11
Setup                                                      attaching pedestal bracket, 15
   accessing calibration modes, 46                         drilling spoke clamp holes, 12
   AutoTrim, 43, 54                                        securing wheel drive to wheel, 14
   counter rudder, 43, 53                            Wind type, 50, 56
   cruise speed, 56                                  WindTrim, 50, 56
   data pages, 47
   drive type, 34, 53
   for joystick operation, 56
   gybe inhibit, 50
   heading selection, 47
   latitude, 56
   off course warning angle, 55
   power steer (joystick) mode, 56
Wheel drive - spoke clamp template




           Spoke clamp


           Spoke clamp
           insert                                      Spoke diameters




                                                                         16 mm (5/8 in)
                                     135 mm (5.3 in)




                                                                         12 mm (1/2 in)




Center
of wheel




                                                                                          D5410-1


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