Raymarine Spx 5 Wheel Pilot Installation Instructions 87074 4
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SmartPilot X5Wheel Installation Setup GuideDocument reference 870744Date July 2012Autohelm HSB RayTech Navigator Sail Pilot SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited45STV 60STV AST Autoadapt AutoGST AutoSeastate AutoTrim Bidata G Series HDFI LifeTag Marine Intelligence Maxiview On Board Raychart Raynav Raypilot RayTalk Raystar ST40 ST60 Seaclutter Smart Route Tridata and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners Handbook contents copyright Raymarine Ltd 2012Contents v Safety notices v EMC Conformance v Limitations on pressure washing v Product documents vi Warranty vi Product disposal vi Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive viChapter 1Installation and system overviews 1 11 Installation overview 1 Planning 1 Installing 1 12 Safe and successful installation 1 Certified installation 1 Getting assistance 1 13 System overviews 2 Marine electronics systems 2 Example SeaTalk system 3 14 Equipment tools 4 Parts supplied 4 Tools and equipment NOT supplied 5 Tools 5 Cables equipment 5 Optional equipment 5 15 Create a schematic diagram 5Chapter 2Installing the system 7 21 Installation precautions 7 EMC installation guidelines 7 Remember 7 Suppression ferrites 8 Connections to other equipment 8 Compass 8 22 General cabling guidelines 8 Power cable requirement 8 23 SPX5 Wheel system Course Computer 9 Mounting 9 Connection overview11 24 Mounting the Wheel Drive 11 Introduction 11 Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes 12 Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the wheel 14 Step 3 Attach the pedestal bracket 15 Motor tube location 15 Pedestal bracket length and position 16 Wheel Drive electrical connection 19 Wheel Drive cable routing 20 25 Connecting power drive cables to the Course Computer 21 Power 21 Circuit breakerfuse 21ii SmartPilot Wheel Installation Setup Guide Cable 21 Connection procedure 21 26 Fluxgate Compass 22 Compass mounting 22 Location 22 Mounting procedure 23 Compass connection 23 27 Pilot Controller 24 Fitting 24 Connecting to SeaTalk 24 SeaTalk power connections 24 28 Connect to ground 26 29 Optional connections 27 Rudder reference 27 SeaTalkng Connections 28 SeaTalkng power 28 See also 28 NMEA 0183 equipment 29 Data bridging 29 NMEA 0183 Connecting other manufacturers equipment 29 210 Final checks 30 Secure all cables 30 211 Commission the system before use 30Chapter 3Commissioning setup 31 Requirement 31 31 Commissioning 31 Dockside checks setup 31 Switching on 31 Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections 32 SeaTalk instruments 32 SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter 32 Other NMEA 0183 connections 32 Checking autopilot operating sense 32 Setting the vessel and drive type 33 Set the vessel type 34 Set the drive type 34 Align the rudder indicator 34 Set the rudder limits 34 Save the new settings 35 Seatrial calibration 35 Important 35 Seatrial conditions 35 Compass calibration 35 Swinging the compass 35 Aligning the compass heading 37 AutoLearn 38 Commissioning complete 40 32 Manual setup 41 Checking SPX5 Wheel system operation 41 Response level 41 Rudder gain 42 Checking 42 Adjusting 42 Counter rudder 43Contents iii Checking 43 Adjusting 43 AutoTrim 43 Adjusting 43Chapter 4SPX5 Wheel system settings 45 41 Introduction 45 Calibration modes 45 Display calibration 45 User calibration 45 Seatrial calibration 45 Dealer calibration 45 Accessing the Calibration modes 46 Adjusting calibration values 46 42 Display calibration 47 RUDD BAR screen 47 HDG screen 47 Data pages 47 Setting up data pages 48 43 User calibration 49 AutoTack 50 Gybe inhibit 50 Wind selection 50 WindTrim 50 Response level 50 44 Dealer calibration 51 Seatrial calibration lock 52 Vessel type 52 Drive type 53 Align rudder 53 Rudder limit 53 Rudder gain 53 Counter rudder 53 Rudder damping 54 AutoTrim 54 Response level 54 Turn rate limit 55 Off course angle 55 AutoTack 55 Gybe inhibit 56 Wind selection 56 WindTrim 56 PowerSteer 56 Cruise speed 56 Latitude 56 System reset 57 45 System defaults 57iv SmartPilot Wheel Installation Setup Guide Appendix 1NMEA 0183 sentences 59 NMEA0183 to Course Computer 59 NMEA0183 from Course Computer 59 Appendix 2SPX5 Wheel system specifications 61 Course Computer 61 Wheel Drive 62 Pilot Controller ST6002 63Index 65 notices WARNING Product installation operation This equipment must be installed commissioned and operated in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided Failure to do so could result in personal injury damage to your boat andor poor product performance WARNING Switch off power supply Make sure you have switched off the power supply before you start installing this product WARNING Navigational safety Although we have designed this product to be accurate and reliable many factors can affect its performance Therefore it should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never replace commonsense and navigational judgement Always maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations as they developEMC Conformance All Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry standards for use in the recreational marine environment Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate Compatibility EMC standards but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not on pressure washing CAUTION Do not pressure wash Raymarine products Raymarine products must NOT be subjected to water pressures in excess ofCFR46 IPX6 standards for example as generated by commercial high pressure washing equipment Products subjected to water at these high pressures may experience water intrusion and subsequent failure Raymarine products are waterproofed to CFR46 IPX6 standards which means that when installed and operated in accordance with the appropriate product documentation they can be used in most weather and sea conditions However any exposure to highpressure water that exceeds the CFR46 IPX6 standards on or around Raymarine products will invalidate the warranty for those productsvi SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup GuideProduct documents This document is part of a series of books associated with the SmartPilot X5 series Documents can be downloaded from Title Part number SmartPilot X5 Wheel Operating Guide 81302 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation and Setup Guide 87074 ST6002 Controller installation sheet 87058 ST6002 SmartPilot Controller Wheel Quick Reference Guide 86130 Fluxgate compass installation sheet 87011 Warranty Booklet 80017 To the best of our knowledge the information in the product documents was correct when they went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions in product documents In addition our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications without notice Therefore Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences between the product and the accompanying To register your new Raymarine product please take a few minutes to fill out the warranty card It is important that you complete the owner information and return the card to us to receive full warranty benefits You can also register online at by following the Login or create an account linkProduct disposal Waste Electrical and Electronic WEEE Directive The European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic equipment is recycled Products carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol illustrated above must not be disposed of in general waste or landfill but in accordance with local regulations for such products Although the WEEE Directive does not apply to all Raymarine products we support its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such products Please contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services for information on product disposal 1Chapter 1 Installation and system overviews This chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations for an SPX 5 Wheel system11 Installation overview There are two stages to installing an SPX 5 Wheel system namely planning the installation then installing and mounting the components It is important to carry out the planning stage to ensure that all components used in the system including cables and accessories are correctly specified and located The following is a summary of the tasks in each stage Planning 1 Understand your system 2 Check equipment supplied 3 Establish suitable locations for the autopilot equipment 4 Plan cabling and connections 5 Produce a schematic diagram Installing 1 Mount SPX5 Course Computer 2 Install Wheel Drive unit 3 Install the autopilot controller 4 Install the compass 5 Connect power cables and system ground 6 Connect additional equipment cables to the Course Computer 7 Final fix secure all equipment in place secure all cables12 Safe and successful installation To achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX5 Wheel system installation must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the instructions in this guide Certified installation Raymarine recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer A certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits Contact your Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty document packed with your product Getting assistance If you need further assistance with an installation contact your dealer or visit the Raymarine web site SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide13 System overviews The SPX5 Wheel system consists of a number of components connected together using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus SPX5 Wheel system key components Course Computer Drive unit ST6002 Pilot Controller Fluxgate compass D105011 Marine electronics systems The autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system It may be connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols including SeaTalk SeaTalkng NMEA 0183Chapter 1 Installation and system overviews 3 Example SeaTalk system SeaTalk allows connection of compatible instruments and equipment though a dedicated data bus This allows information sharing around the ships electronics system ST6002 ST60 depth ST60 speed ST6002 instrument instrument SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk SeaTalk cable cable cable cable cable GPS Depth SeaTalk transducer Speed 3way block transducer Course computer 12 V dc SeaTalk cable carries 12V power from Course computer SeaTalk or NMEA Data to and from Course computer D1062814 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide14 Equipment tools Before you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install your system Parts supplied Finger Nut x2 Stud x2 Panel Seal SmartPilot ST6002 Course Controller Computer Cable tie Sun Cover No 8 x 34 inch Connectors Cable clip SeaTalk Cable Pan head screw x3 and screw No 6 x 12 in Power cable 45 m 15 ft 16 mm spoke 12 mm spoke clamp insert x3 clamp insert x3 Wheel drive Pedestal Clamp screw bracket Spoke clamp x3 M5 x 16 mm x6 6 mm drill bit Compass warning label 4 mm drill bit Fluxgate compass Bracket screw 3 mm allen key with 8 m 26 ft cable No 10 x 34 in x4 User documents D106141 in walletChapter 1 Installation and system overviews 5 Tools and equipment NOT supplied You will need to supply the following equipment and tools Tools screwdriver Pliers Power drill cordless recommended Bearing puller to remove steering wheel Tape measure metricimperial Hammer and center punch Pencil masking tape Spanner Wrench to fit wheel nut Washingup liquid to lubricate the spokes Hacksaw Powerbattery Drill 4 mm 6 mm drill bits supplied 3 mm allen key Hex key supplied Cables equipment Power cable and fusebreaker Additional data cables eg for connection of GPS or chartplotter Grounding braid Optional equipment Bulkhead fitting kit Raymarine part number E15017 if your wheel is bulkhead or box pedestal mounted Additional spoke clamp Raymarine part number A18089 Enables you to fit an extra clamp to a 4spoke wheel for esthetic reasons15 Create a schematic diagram As part of the preparation for installing your SPX5 Wheel system we recommend that you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install This will help ensure that you install a safe optimum system and so is particularly important if you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipment The schematic diagram should include Location of all components See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may affect the location of specific components Connectors cable types routes and lengths When you have completed the schematic diagram you are ready to begin installing the SPX5 Wheel system6 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide 7Chapter 2 Installing the system Before proceeding with the installation you should have the following to hand All necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX5 Wheel system The correct type and length of power cable Schematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections You should also check that existing marine electronics such as the GPS are installed and working21 Installation precautions WARNING Install at dockside For safety reasons your boat must be at dockside before commencing installation CAUTION Switch off power supply Switch off the power supply before you start installing this product EMC installation guidelines Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Compatibility EMC regulations This minimizes interference between equipment which could otherwise affect the performance of your system Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromised For optimum EMC performance we recommend that Raymarine equipment and the cables connected to it are i At least 3 ft 1 m from any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio sig nals eg VHF radios cables and antennas In the case of SSB radios the dis tance should be increased to 7 ft 2 m ii More than 7 ft 2 m from the path of a radar beam A radar beam can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating element The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the engine start does not have a separate battery Raymarine specified cables are used Cables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation manual Remember Where constraints on the installation prevent any of the above Always allow the maximum separation possible between different items of electrical equipment This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance for the installation8 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Suppression ferrites Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites These are important for correct EMC performance Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is complete Use only ferrites of the correct type supplied by Raymarine authorized dealers Connections to other equipment If Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not supplied by Raymarine a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached to the cable near the Raymarine unit Compass The compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of interference including engines and VHF radio waves To ensure optimum operation it is essential to locate the compass correctly22 General cabling guidelines Do not mix ac and dc cables Adhere to EMC guidelines see page 7 Use Copex conduit where appropriate to protect cables Label all cables for easy identification Keep the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cables Power cable requirement An overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration Wheel Drive unit Distribution Course panel Computer Cable A Cable B D106231Chapter 2 Installing the system 9 CAUTION Power cable Using an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX5 Wheel system to malfunction Ensure the correct cable size is used If in doubt use a heavier gauge cable The requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit In the above illustration that is the total length of Cable A Cable B The correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following table Total cable length A B Copper area AWG Up to 25 m 8 ft 10 mm2 18 Up to 40 m 13 ft 15 mm2 16 Up to 60 m 22 ft 25 mm2 1423 SPX5 Wheel system Course Computer Mounting The Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface free from vibration 10 10 C F Max 55 130 or Min10 14 D10629110 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide M VE OUN RT T ICA LLY 170 mm 67 in 237 mm 933 in 56 mm 22 in D103751Chapter 2 Installing the system 11 Connection overview The Course Computer provides the following system connections SeaTalk fuse Power fuse Note Spare fuses 2 A 15A are located in the connector cover 2 15 A B Fluxgate NMEA 0183 SeaTalkng Power RF ground compass inputs inputouput inputsoutputs inputs connection 12 V Rudder position SeaTalk Drive motor sensor inputs inputsoutputs outputs D10374124 Mounting the Wheel Drive Introduction The Wheel Drive fits onto your boats steering wheel The Wheel Drive is compatible with 3 4 5 6 7 or 8 spoke wheels and with steering systems having between 1 to 35 turns lock to lock Clamp screw Wheel drive Predrilled spoke Bracket screw M5 x 16 mm x6 front cover clamp holes x2 No 10 x 34 inch x4 Pedestal bracket Bracket pin Cable plug Cable socket Motor tube D106301 Spoke clamp x3 Clamp insert x3 Clutch lever12 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide To install the wheel drive you need to 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes in the front cover 2 Securing the wheel drive to the wheel 3 Attaching the pedestal bracket Step 1 Drill the spoke clamp holes 1 Remove the wheel drive front cover The front cover is held onto the wheel drive by three pushfit posts which sit in three sockets on the drive ring To remove the cover hold the motor in one hand and use your other hand to pull the cover up and away from the drive unit as shown below D106311 2 Identify the appropriate spoke clamp holes for your wheel With the arrow at the top refer to the following diagrams The holes are numbered inside the cover eg if you have a 5 spoke wheel you need to drill the locations marked with 5 Mark the appropriate spoke clamp holes and check them by holding the cover against your wheel 5 spokes Top 2 spoke clamp holes 7 spokes are predrilled D106321Chapter 2 Installing the system 13 3 or 6 spokes Top 2 spoke clamp holes 4 or 8 spokes are predrilled D106331 Note The wheel drive is designed to work with 3 spoke clamps on 4 and 8 spoke wheels How ever you may want to fit an extra spoke clamp to the fourth spoke to give a symmetrical look to the installation Raymarine dealers can supply an extra spoke clamp part number A18089 3 Drill the appropriate spoke clamp holes using the larger of the supplied drill bits 60 mm or 14 in drill from the inside placing a piece of scrap wood under the cover to produce a clean exit hole you will need to drill 4 new holes so the cover has 6 holes in total 2 for each spoke clamp Note The spoke clamps will cover these exit holes so they will not be visible when the wheel drive is installed Piece of scrap wood D106341 4 Align the cover with the wheel drive The two predrilled holes marked with an arrow must line up with their matching pair of threaded inserts on the drive ring also marked with an arrow Make sure that the other spoke clamp holes align with their threaded inserts14 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Note The cover will only fit back onto the wheel drive when the two parts are correctly aligned Predrilled holes Pair of threaded inserts marked with arrow marked with arrow Drive ring D106351 Front cover Drive unit 5 Fit the cover back onto the wheel drive by pressing the cover in the three places shown on the diagram below to push each post back into its locating socket Note This step is easier with the clutch engaged TOP D106361 Step 2 Secure the wheel drive to the wheel 1 Remove the wheel from the pedestal and place it on top of the drive unit with the front of the wheel and drive both facing up 2 Using the wheel drive template at the end of this book select the correct set of spoke clamp inserts for your wheel Measure the spoke diameter at a distance of about 135 mm 53 in from the center of the wheel Select the appropriate set of inserts the wheel drive is supplied with 2 sets of 3 inserts suitable for 12 mm 12 in and 16 mm 58 in diameter spokes each insert is marked with its sizeChapter 2 Installing the system 15 3 Fit the first spoke clamp as follows Lubricate the spoke with washingup liquid so you can slide the spoke clamp along the spoke to adjust its position Place the insert on the spoke about 135 mm 53 in from the wheel center this distance is not critical as the wheel drive will selfcenter as you fit all 3 spoke clamps Place the spoke clamp onto the insert making sure that you have correctly located the clamp insert in the clamp Locate 2 of the clamp screws M5 x 16 mm allenhead screws Lightly tighten the screws using the 3 mm allen key Hex key supplied in 53 mm 135 D106371 4 Repeat step 3 to fit the other 2 spoke clamps As you fit each one adjust the position of the wheel relative to the wheel drive so the holes in the clamp line up with the holes in the cover As you do this the wheel drive will selfcenter on the wheel 5 After fitting all 3 spoke clamps fully tighten the screws Step 3 Attach the pedestal bracket Note If your wheel is bulkhead or box pedestal mounted you will need to obtain a bulkhead fit ting kit part number E15017 from your Raymarine dealer Fitting instructions are supplied with the kit Motor tube location You can mount the wheel drive in either one of two ways to give the most effective operation with your particular pedestal design and any adjacent obstructions Slot 1 installation the standard position uses slot 1 on the back of the wheel drive the slot closest to the motor tube so the motor tube is at the bottom to the right of the pedestal Slot 2 installation the alternative installation uses slot 2 to position the motor tube at the top to the left of the pedestal Select the appropriate slot so the motor tube is clear of obstructions16 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide CAUTION Pedestal mounted compass If you use slot 2 and you have a compass the drive motor may affect compass readings Slot 1 installation Slot 2 installation motor tube at motor tube at bottom right top left Slot 1 Slot 2 D106381 Pedestal bracket length and position Note If you are replacing an existing 4000 wheel drive you need to remove the old pedestal bracket cut the new bracket pin to the correct length see steps 2 and 3 below then secure it in the standard orientation using the existing pedestal holes 1 Fit the wheel onto the pedestal tighten the wheel nut to hold the wheel in place and engage the wheel drives clutch Either lock the wheel in position with the appropriate slot centered at the bottom of the wheel or have an assistant hold the wheel in position so you can locate the bracket correctly 2 Measure dimension A the distance between the front of the pedestal and the rear edge of the drives front cover see diagram Note You may find it easiest to hold the bracket below the wheel drive and mark dimension A directly on the pinChapter 2 Installing the system 17 Cut here A 10 mm D106391 A Note If the wheel is bent or not running true dimension A will change with the wheel position Measure the smallest distance 3 Use a hacksaw to cut the pin 10 mm 04 in LONGER than dimension A Remove any sharp edges at the cut end with sandpaper or a file 4 Place the pin end in slot 1 or 2 as required To do this you may need to loosen the wheel nut so you can slide the wheel forward slightly place the pin end in the slot then return the wheel to its normal position and retighten the wheel nut Note You can install the pedestal bracket either way up In the standard orientation the pin is at the bottom below the mounting holes see diagram If obstructions on the pedestal prevent you from using the standard orientation you can install the bracket so the pin is at the top above the mounting holes Standard Alternative also for retrofit D106401 5 Making sure the slot is central at the bottom of the drive unit 6 oclock position and the pin is in the middle of the slot carefully draw around the bracket18 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide D106411 6 Remove the wheel then hold the bracket on the pedestal in the location you have marked 7 Check the position and alignment of the pedestal bracket the bracket pin should be aligned so it is directly below the pedestal spindle 154 mm 61 in D106421 8 When the pedestal bracket is correctly positioned and aligned mark around the inside of the slots then remove the bracket 9 Use a centerpunch to mark the center of each slot then use the smaller supplied drill bit to drill a 40 mm 532 in diameter hole Note Drill at right angles to the pedestal surfaceChapter 2 Installing the system 19 D106431 10 Hold the bracket in place then lightly tighten the four crosshead screws No 10 x 34 in As you do this make sure the bracket is correctly aligned 11 Replace the wheel making sure that you locate the pin in the correct slot slot 1 or slot 2 12 Turn the wheel with the clutch off to check that the bracket is correctly positioned and aligned Note If the wheel is bent or the wheel drive is off center the pin will move up and down in the back plate slot As long as the pin does not hit the top or bottom of the slot this pin movement will not affect the drive units performance 13 When you have checked alignment fully tighten all four screws Wheel Drive electrical connection The drive unit is supplied with 45 m 15 ft of 2core cable with a waterproof socket at one end Connect the waterproof cable to the Wheel Drive socket as follows 1 Ensuring correct alignment push the plug firmly into the socket 2 Turn the locking ring 90 clockwise 3 Pull the plug cover across the plug and socket to make the connection waterproof20 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Socket Contact Locking ring Plug Plug cover Cable pulled back Motor tube Socket cover D106171 To disconnect the Wheel Drive cable connector pull back the cover turn the locking ring 90 anticlockwise and pullout the connector Place the attached cover on the Wheel Drive connector to protect it Wheel Drive cable routing Route the free end of the Wheel Drive cable to the Course Computer securing the cable as necessary at regular intervals along the route If the wheel pedestal has a cable duct route the cable through this In any case ensure that you route the cable so it cannot foul the steering mechanism D106161Chapter 2 Installing the system 2125 Connecting power drive cables to the Course Computer Power The SPX5 Wheel system needs a 12 V dc supply CAUTION Ensure correct supply voltage Do NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer or damage to the product could occur Circuit breakerfuse Protect the power supply for the SPX5 Wheel system with a 10 A fuse or circuit breaker Cable Using the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 obtain the required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boats distribution panel to the Course Computer Connection procedure A B Brown Blue Red Black Distribution Drive unit panel Fuse or circuit breaker Power supply D10505122 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide At the Course Computer locate the free ends of the cables from the distribution panel and Wheel Drive Ensuring all power is switched off refer to the illustration above and connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows 1 Strip 810 mm 12 inch of insulation from the end of each wire 2 Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block 3 Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals then tighten the screws26 Fluxgate Compass Use these instructions to install the Fluxgate Compass After fitting the Fluxgate Compass ensure you affix the compass safe area label adjacent to the Fluxgate Compass The compass contains a selflevelling mechanism This enables the compass to provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to 35 Note When shaken the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound This is entirely normal and is not a cause for concern Compass mounting Location To achieve the best performance mount your compass With the Raymarine logo facing the bow As close as possible to the boats pitch and roll center At least 2ft 6 in 08 m away from your boats steering compass to avoid deviation of both compasses As far away as possible from large iron masses such as the engine or other magnetic devices D105381 Note To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence tape a hand held compass to the chosen location then turn the boat through 360 The readings on the hand held compass and your boats main steering compass if accurately aligned should not differ by more than10 at any headingChapter 2 Installing the system 23 Mounting procedure 1 Mount the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead with the cable leaving at the bottom of the unit 2 Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass where it is clearly visible Ver tical D106181 Compass connection Route the compass cable to the Course Computer securing it at regular intervals with suitable cable clipsties Connect to the Course Computer as in the following illustration Screen Green Red Yellow Blue Cable 8 metres 26 ft Fluxgate compass D10388124 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide27 Pilot Controller Fitting The ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 9 m cable for connection to the SeaTalk bus Ensure that your mounting location is within 9 m of a suitable connection point You may purchase a longer cable if required Fit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction leaflet Connecting to SeaTalk The Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer as shown in following diagram Red Yellow Pilot Controller Connect Red wire only if SeaTalk is to be powered from Course Computer See SeaTalk power connections below for details Screen SeaTalk D106191 Note You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instru ment SeaTalk power connections The exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied to SeaTalk If power is supplied by the Course Computer connect the red and yellow wires and the screen to the Course Computer If power is supplied from an external source connect only the yellow wire and the screen to the Course Computer Do NOT connect the red wireChapter 2 Installing the system 25 SeaTalk power supplied by Course Computer Course Computer SeaTalk Pilot Controller SeaTalk instruments Yellow Red Screen SeaTalk D106441 SeaTalk power supplied externally Course Computer Pilot SeaTalk Controller SeaTalk instruments SeaTalk SeaTalk Yellow Screen SeaTalk 12 V power supply via breakerfuse Do not connect red wire Cut back and insulate D10645126 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide28 Connect to ground CAUTION Grounding The SPX5 Wheel system ground MUST be connected to ships ground Failure to connect to ships ground may cause it or other on board electronics to malfunction To ground your SPX5 Wheel system Use a dedicated earthing plate eg dynaplate in contact with the water Use flat tinned copper braid 30 A rating 14 inch or greater Equivalent stranded wire diameter 4mm or greater Keep the length of the earth braid as short as possible Note If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the nega tive terminal of the battery ideally at the battery itself Course computer A B Boats ground connection Preferred grounding method Alternative grounding method D106081 Boats batteryChapter 2 Installing the system 2729 Optional connections Rudder reference An optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide an accurate display of the rudder angle If you have the optional rudder reference transducer connect it to the course computer as shown Red Screen Blue Green Rudder transducer D103931 Note A rudder reference transducer should always be used in hydraulic drive SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide SeaTalkng Connections To connect your autopilot to a SeaTalkng backbone use a dedicated spur cable Spur cables are available from your Raymarine dealer as follows SeaTalkng spur cable length Part number 3 ft 3 in 1 m A06043 9 ft 10 in 3 m A06044 A B Red Black White Screen Blue Cut back SeaTalkng spur cable insulate Yellow if present D103942 SeaTalkng power The Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalkng A SeaTalkng system must be powered from its own separate power supply See also For more information on SeaTalkng systems refer to the SeaTalkng Reference Manual available at the Raymarine website 2 Installing the system 29 NMEA 0183 equipment The SPX5 Wheel system can connect to NMEA devices such as a GPS or chartplotter ve ve ve ve Screen not connected IN IN OUT OUT ve ve ve ve OUT OUT IN IN NMEA DEVICE D105391 Data bridging The SPX5 Wheel system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA allowing NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share information For example the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground display NMEA 0183 Connecting other manufacturers equipment When connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a non Raymarine cable you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the cable near to the Raymarine unit When connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturers instructions for cable details You should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course Computer NMEA input30 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide210Final checks When you have completed all necessary installation procedures but before you apply power to the system ensure all equipment and connections are properly secured Secure all cables To prevent strain on the connector blocks secure the cables to the Course Computer with cable ties as shown below the system before use The SPX5 Wheel system must be commissioned prior to use in accordance with the instructions in Chapter 3Commissioning setup For new systems this involves calibrating the system which is a safetycritical action 31Chapter 3 Commissioning setup This chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine SPX5 Wheel system Requirement The commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after installation before the SPX5 Wheel system is used to steer the boat Additional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX5 Wheel system for optimum performance with your boat They are not mandatory and you may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX5 Wheel system operates to your satisfaction after commissioning When commissioning and setting up the SPX5 Wheel system use the supplied ST6002 controller Pilot Controller standby auto select the required operating mode 1 1 10 10 initiate course changes disp track provide access to extended functions Note The system is also compatible with ST7002 ST8002 and ST70 Pilot Controllers31 Commissioning The commissioning process comprises Dockside checks setup Seatrial calibration Dockside checks setup The dockside checks comprise 1 Switching on 2 Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections 3 Checking autopilot steering sense 4 Setting vessel type and drive type 5 Setting rudder limits if rudder reference option fitted With the boat safely tied up carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures before any trials at sea or other setup procedures Switching on 1 Observing the Wheel drive unit switch on the main power breaker If the Wheel drive moves switch off the power immediately then ensure the system wiring is correct 2 When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up the controller will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds before showing the STANDBY screen A CALIBRATE REQUIRED message may be displayed This indicates that the autopilot commissioning is not yet complete 3 Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass heading32 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Note The autopilots builtin gyro requires a few minutes to stabilize after power on During this time the heading may appear to drift until the gyro has stabilized TRUE D105241 Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 connections SeaTalk instruments If you have connected the Pilot Controller to other SeaTalk instruments or controllers 1 Select display lighting level 3 LAMP 3 on one of the other SeaTalk instruments or controllers 2 Check that the Pilot Controller display lights are on If the lights are not on check the SeaTalk cabling between the Pilot Controller and the other units SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter If you have connected the SPX5 Wheel system to a chartplotter or GPS eg via NMEA0183 or SeaTalk check the links by displaying the default navigation data pages on the Pilot Controller To do this 1 Press disp to display the first data page XTE and check that this page shows the expected data 2 Press disp again to check each successive data page BTW DTW etc If the display shows dashes in place of expected data values ensure The GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting an active waypoint The GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data format There is not a cabling error Check for open circuit short circuit or reversed connections Other NMEA 0183 connections To check other NMEA connections you will need to set up the appropriate page of data using Display calibration mode See page 47 For details of supported NMEA sentences see Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences Checking autopilot operating sense WARNING Operate the wheel drive clutch safely Do NOT reach through the wheel Reach AROUND the wheel to operate the wheel drive clutch leverChapter 3 Commissioning setup 33 1 Engage the wheel drive clutch by reaching around the wheel and rotating the clutch lever clockwise so the lever engages fully onto the locating pip 2 Manually center the wheel then press auto so the SPX5 Wheel system is in Auto mode then check that the display shows AUTO Be ready to press standby if the rudder moves hard over 3 Press 10 once D106461 4 Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stops If the rudder drives hard over immediately press standby to prevent further rud der movement 5 If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard over i Press standby ii Turn off the power iii Reverse the motor wires connected to the SPX5 Wheel system computer iv Switch on the power and recheck Note If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth increase the rudder damping level manually See page 54 Setting the vessel and drive type To set up the vessel type and drive type you need to enter the Dealer calibration mode WARNING Use Dealer calibration correctly Improper use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair the SPX5 Wheel system performance and therefore adversely affect the steering capability Do not change Dealer calibration settings other than as described in the product documentation To enter the Dealer calibration mode 1 Ensure the autopilot is in Standby mode 2 Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode 3 When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL press disp until the DEALER CAL screen is displayed 4 Press auto The display will change to CAL 5 Press 1 and 1 together to enter Dealer calibration34 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide 2 sec x3 At the CAL screen press 1 1 together to enter DEALER CAL D105401 Set the vessel type When you select a vessel type the SPX5 Wheel system automatically selects appropriate default values for various other calibration settings These default values are listed on page 57 To setup the vessel type enter Dealer calibration then 1 Use disp to scroll through the Dealer calibration pages until the display shows either VESSEL or one of the vessel types 2 Use 1 or 1 to select SAIL BOAT 3 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the drive type option Set the drive type 1 With the SPX5 Wheel system still in Dealer calibration use disp to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the DRIVE TYP page 2 Use 1 or 1 to select drive type 3 3 Press disp to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration option Align the rudder indicator Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is not fitted ignore this procedure If the rudder reference option is fitted 1 With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the ALIGN RUD page 2 Use the wheel to center the rudder 3 Use 1 and 1 to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the center The maximum adjustment available is 9 If the offset is beyond these limits you will need to physically adjust the alignment of the sensor 4 Press disp to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration option Note Alternatively you can zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during the initial seatri al by manually steering a straight course then accessing the ALIGN RUD screen in Seatrial Calibration to adjust the offset Set the rudder limits Carry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is not fitted ignore this 3 Commissioning setup 35 If the rudder reference option is fitted 1 With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the RUD LIMIT page 2 Turn the wheel to move the rudder To the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar To the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar 3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you have noted 4 Press disp to select the new value and move to the next calibration option Save the new settings When you have adjusted the above settings hold down standby for two seconds to save your changes leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby mode Seatrial calibration When you have completed the dockside checks carry out a Seatrial calibration to calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering Before commencing the seatrial The dockside calibration must have been successfully completed There must be no EMC problems see page 7 Important If you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety Seatrial conditions The seatrial must be carried out only In conditions of light wind and calm water In waters that are clear of any obstructions so the boat has plenty of clear space to maneuver In order to achieve optimum autopilot performance course over ground COG speed over ground SOG and latitude LAT data must be available to the SPX5 Wheel system eg on SeaTalk Ensure that the equipment providing this information eg GPS is switched on and fully operational before starting a Seatrial The Seatrial procedures are Compass calibration Using AutoLearn to set the SPX5 Wheel system steering Compass calibration The compass calibration procedures are Swinging the compass Aligning the compass Swinging the compass The magnetic deviation correction procedure commonly called swinging the compass involves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide determine the deviation and apply any correction required The correction procedure reduces deviation errors to a few degrees As magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat you MUST complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedure To swing the compass 1 With the pilot in Standby mode enter Seatrial calibration as follows i Hold down standby for two seconds to enter Calibration mode ii When you see the DISPLAY CAL screen press disp until you see the SEATRIAL CAL screen iii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration 2 Use disp to move through the Seatrial calibration items until you see SWING COMPASS 2 sec x2 D105411 Note If you cannot access Seatrial calibration you need to disable the calibration lock This can be found in Dealer calibration see page 52 3 When you are ready to start press 1 to select SWING COMPASS ON 4 Press auto to start the compass swing The Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT 5 Start slowly turning the boat in circles keeping the boats speed below 2 knots You will need to complete at least two circles taking at least 2 minutes to complete each 360 If you turn the boat too quickly the display will show a TOO FAST message If this occurs apply less helm to turn in a larger circle Note If necessary you can quit the correction process by pressing standby or disp If you then want to repeat the deviation correction return to the SWING COMPASS screen 6 Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the DEVIATION screen This indicates that the SPX5 Wheel system has completed the deviation correction Note This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 not as an eastwest valueChapter 3 Commissioning setup 37 Start turning boat Turn boat in slow circles so boats speed stays below 2 knots each circle takes at least 2 minutes Autopilot heading Minimum of 2 circles Keep turning the boat until you see the DEVIATION screen D105421 If the deviation figure exceeds 15 or the display shows no deviation value the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat You should move the compass to a better location Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats Aligning the compass heading Once the deviation is displayed press disp to move to the Heading Alignment ALIGN HDG page then 1 Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold the course 2 If you have a GPS connected to your SPX5 Wheel system i Increase the boat speed to more than 3 knots ii Press auto The SPX5 Wheel system will then set the heading to agree with the COG course over ground heading received from the GPS As many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must fine tune the heading alignment so it matches the boats steering compass or a known transit bearing To do this 1 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boats steering compass or a known transit bearing 2 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new compass settings38 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Align the autopilot heading a Coarse adjustment If COG is available from GPS press to set autopilot heading to COG value then fine tune manually see below b Fine adjustment If COG is not available or after setting heading to COG align autopilot heading manually Autopilot heading Steering compass or or Known heading Adjust the autopilot heading so it shows the same value as the boats steering compass Save changes To save deviation correction save heading alignment return to STANDBY mode 2 sec D105431 Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error small errors a few degrees may remain Once you have completed the initial compass calibration you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to swing the compass again Check the heading reading against a number of known headings plot a deviation curve and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest average alignment error You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen as described above If the average heading error is more than 5 you should perform the compass deviation correction procedure again circling more slowly and in more favorable conditions AutoLearn WARNING Ensure there is enough clear sea space The AutoLearn process takes the boat through a number of maneuvers which can result in sudden sharp turns especially when the AutoLearn function is run on more maneuverable boats Therefore ensure there is a significant amount of CLEAR SEA SPACE in front of the boat before starting an AutoLearn process The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine AutoLearn is a self learning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain counter rudder and AutoTrim for optimum performance for your boat If you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safetyChapter 3 Commissioning setup 39 W in d e ac 0 m sp 10 e ac r s nm sp ea 4 ea a cl 00 se ar of st le a le fc At o m 00 5 nm 5 2 t0 as 1 minute le At approximately D105441 Carry out an AutoLearn as follows 1 Ensure you have sufficient sea room to complete the AutoLearn 2 Access the AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial calibration as follows i From Standby mode hold down standby for 2 seconds then press disp twice to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen ii Press auto to enter Seatrial calibration then press disp four times to see the AUTOLEARN screen 3 Prepare to start the AutoLearn as follows Steer straight ahead rudder centered and motor the boat at typical cruising speed If conditions are not calm head into the wind and waves 4 When you are ready to start the AutoLearn press 1 then auto Enter Seatrial calibration 2 sec x2 Prepare for AutoLearn steer straight ahead at cruising speed planing boats just on the plane head into wind and waves x4 AutoLearn in progress CHECK Start Before proceeding ensure AutoLearn you have sufficient clear sea space D10545140 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide 5 The screen will show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER message Ensure it is safe to continue then press auto to start the AutoLearn maneuvers The boat will start a series of zigzag turns and the display will show LEARNING with a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage This number increases as AutoLearn progresses A typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps depending on boat and sea conditions Note To cancel an AutoLearn press standby or disp 6 When the SPX5 Wheel system has finished learning the controller will beep and display either LRN PASS or LRN FAIL LRN PASS AutoLearn completed successfully LRN FAIL AutoLearn was not successful so should be repeated One of the following failure codes will also be displayed 1 AutoLearn has not been carried out 2 AutoLearn failed due to manual interruption 4 AutoLearn failed probably due to drive or compass failure 5 AutoLearn failed probably due to motor current limiting 6 AutoLearn failed probably due to boat spinning 7 If the AutoLearn was successful hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the new settings Boat completes AutoLearn AutoLearn successful Note If you see a After LRN FAIL message 7 to 27 press disp to return to steps the AUTOLEARN screen then repeat from Step 2 If you need to cancel the AutoLearn press or Save new settings To save AutoLearn calibration settings return to STANDBY mode 2 sec D105461 Commissioning complete Your SPX5 Wheel system is now commissioned and ready for use After having used your SPX5 Wheel system you may decide to change the value of some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat If you feel this is necessary use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup belowChapter 3 Commissioning setup 4132 Manual setup Checking SPX5 Wheel system operation Before manually adjusting any settings familiarize yourself with basic SPX5 Wheel system operation as follows 1 Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising speed If necessary steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat steers 2 Press auto to lock onto the current heading The SPX5 Wheel system should hold the locked heading in calm sea conditions 3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 and observe how the SPX5 Wheel system alters the course to port and starboard 4 Press standby to return to manual steering If you feel you need to fine tune the SPX5 Wheel system performance you can do so by using one or more of the procedures below to adjust Response level Rudder gain Counter rudder AutoTrim Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions and headings to achieve optimum allround performance for your particular vessel and preferences Adjust these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speed Response level The principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX5 Wheel system is by changing the response level This controls the relationship between the SPX5 Wheel systems course keeping accuracy and the amount of helmdrive activity Screen Text Effect on operation RESPONSE 13 This setting minimizes the amount of rudder activity but may compro mise shortterm course keeping accuracy RESPONSE 46 This setting gives good course keeping with crisp well controlled turns under normal operating conditions RESPONSE 79 This setting provides the tightest possible course keeping and greatest rudder activity This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea To temporarily change the response level 1 Press 1 and 1 or resp to access the RESPONSE screen 2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the setting 3 Press disp to confirm the change42 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Rudder gain Boats can vary widely in their response to helm and by adjusting the rudder gain you can change the SPX5 Wheel systems steering Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX5 Wheel system applies to correct course errors higher settings mean more rudder is applied Checking Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly 1 Set RESPONSE to level 5 see above 2 Motor your boat at a typical cruising speed in clear water It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave action does not mask steering performance 3 Press auto to enter Auto mode then alter course by 40 If the rudder gain is adjusted correctly the 40 course change should result in a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5 If the rudder gain setting is too high the 40 course change will result in a distinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct S in the course as at A below Correct this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain setting If the rudder gain is too low the boats performance will be sluggish it will take a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot B below Correct this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting New heading B New heading Rudder gain A too low New Rudder gain heading too high Correct rudder gain D32623 Adjusting To adjust the rudder gain 1 Access the RUDD GAIN screen in Dealer calibration see page 53 2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the rudder gain 3 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes 4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto modeChapter 3 Commissioning setup 43 Counter rudder Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Wheel system applies to try to prevent the boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more rudder being applied Checking To check the counter rudder setting 1 Set RESPONSE to level 5 see page 41 2 Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water 3 Press auto to switch the SPX5 Wheel system to Auto mode then make a 90 course change When gain and counter rudder are both set correctly the boat performs a smooth continuous turn with minimal overshoot If the counter rudder is too low the boat will still overshoot If counter rudder is too high the boat will fight the turn and make a series of short sharp turns this results in a very mechanical feel as the boat changes course Adjusting To adjust the counter rudder 1 Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer calibration see page 53 2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the counter rudder 3 Press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save the changes 4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode AutoTrim You may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting AutoTrim determines how quickly the SPX5 Wheel system applies standing helm to correct for trim changes caused for example by changes in the wind load on the superstructure or an imbalance of engines Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX5 Wheel system takes to get back onto the correct course but makes the boat less stable If the SPX5 Wheel system Gives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes around the desired course decrease the AutoTrim level Hangs off course for excessive periods of time increase the AutoTrim level Adjusting Before attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting ensure you have sufficient experience using your SPX5 Wheel system If you need to adjust AutoTrim go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable value The range of settings is from OFF no trim correction to 4 fastest trim correction44 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide To adjust the AutoTrim 1 Access the AUTOTRIM screen in Dealer then 2 Use 1 or 1 to adjust the AutoTrim level 3 Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the changes 4 Press auto to check the SPX5 Wheel system performance in Auto mode 45Chapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings41 Introduction This chapter describes the SPX5 Wheel system calibration settings and the factory default settings The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating requirements but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when commissioning the system they should not require further change If you change the calibration settings after the SPX5 Wheel system has been commissioned you do not need to repeat the commissioning process However DO NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in Chapter 3 have been completed Calibration modes There are four calibration modes namely Display calibration User calibration Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration Each calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration values Display calibration The items in Display calibration affect the SPX5 Wheel system Pilot Controller They are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through SeaTalk You can adjust the Display calibration settings as often as necessary for example to add or change information displayed on data pages User calibration The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular basis to respond to changing conditions Seatrial calibration The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX5 Wheel system as described in Chapter 3 so is not described again here Do not access Seatrial calibration during normal operation Dealer calibration The Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on operation and can affect your boats safety After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial you should not normally need to alter the Dealer calibration values46 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Accessing the Calibration modes Accessing Calibration Modes 2 seconds 2 seconds saves changes Calibration Modes to enter display calibration mode to enter user calibration mode to enter seatrial calibration mode CAL to enter dealer calibration mode D106471 Adjusting calibration values To adjust calibration values 1 Access the required calibration mode refer to the diagram above 2 Press disp to scroll through the available options To view the previous option press and hold disp for 1 second 3 Use 1 1 10 and 10 to change the values When you have made all required changes press and hold standby for 2 seconds to save changes and exitChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 4742 Display calibration Display calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot Controller Accessing Display Calibration 2 seconds save changes Display Calibration To adjust values The RUDD BAR parameters are or adjustable only if the rudder reference transducer option is fitted or Data pages Press disp for next page D106021 RUDD BAR screen This screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screens HDG screen You can choose whether to use magnetic or true heading data values The options are HDG MAG Magnetic heading If you select this the screen will indicate MAG for heading values during normal operation HDG TRUE True heading If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for heading values during normal operation Data pages The Pilot Controller has fifteen data pages Each data page can be configured to display SeaTalkNMEA data which can be viewed during normal operation see SmartPilotX5 Wheel system Operating Guide48 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide The default data page settings are Data Page Default Setting 1 XTE Cross Track Error 2 BTW Bearing to Waypoint see Note below 3 DTW Distance to Waypoint see Note below 4 RESPONSE Remaining pages NOT USED see Setting up data pages below Setting up data pages When setting up your data pages we recommend You set data pages you do not need to NOT USED as these will then not be displayed during normal operation leaving just the data pages that you do want for you to scroll to You retain the BTW and DTW data pages If your SPX5 Wheel system receives a man overboard MOB message these data pages will show the bearing and distance to the MOB location Available Data Pages Displayed as Speed Knots SPEED KTS Log LOG XXXXX Trip TRIP XXXX Average Speed AV SPD Wind Direction eg WIND PORT Wind Speed WIND KTS Depth Metres DEPTH M see Note below Depth Feet DEPTH FT see Note below Depth Fathoms DEPTH FA see Note below Heading HEADING Water Temperature Degrees C WATER C see Note below Water Temperature Degrees F WATER F see Note below Course Over Ground COG Speed Over Ground Knots SOG KTS Cross Track Error XTE Distance to Waypoint DTWChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 49 Available Data Pages Displayed as Bearing to Waypoint BTW Rudder Gain RUDD GAIN Response RESPONSE Watch WATCH used to control the Watch timer Universal Time Coordinated UTC Note There are 3 depth data pages meters feet and fathoms and 2 water temperature data pages C and F The SPX5 Wheel system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units defined by the data page you select43 User calibration Accessing User Calibration 2 seconds save changes User Calibration To adjust values or or D105061 For information on how to access User calibration see Accessing the Calibration modes page 46 The User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular basis to respond to changing conditions50 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide AutoTack The AutoTack angle is not adjustable The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is initiated is mirrored the other side of the wind on the opposite tack Gybe inhibit With gybe inhibit on You will be able to perform an AutoTack into the wind The SPX5 Wheel system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack away from the wind to prevent accidental gybes With gybe inhibit off you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind Screen Text Options GYBE STOP ON Default Gybe inhibit on gybes prevented OFF Gybe inhibit off gybes permitted Wind selection This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane mode Options WIND APP Default SPX5 Wheel system steers to apparent wind angle WIND TRUE SPX5 Wheel system steers to true wind angle WindTrim WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX5 Wheel system responds to changes in the wind direction Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive to wind changes Screen Text Options WIND TRIM Range 1 to 9 1 to 3 Least responsive to wind changes less system activity 4 to 6 Moderate response to wind changes 7 to 9 Most responsive to wind changes more system activity Response level This sets the default SPX5 Wheel system response level The response level controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm drive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation as described in Smart Pilot X5 Wheel System Operating GuideChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 51 Screen Text Options RESPONSE Range 1 to 9 Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves power but may compromise shortterm coursekeeping accuracy Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con trolled turns under normal operating conditions Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea44 Dealer calibration For information on how to access Dealer calibration see Accessing the Calibration modes page 46 WARNING Dealer calibration Changing the Dealer calibration values can have a significant affect on the SPX5 Wheel system steering and therefore on the safety of your boat Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process see Chapter 2 Commissioning setup and once the SPX5 Wheel system has been commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration values However if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration be aware that the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX5 Wheel system operation and can affect your boats safety52 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Accessing Dealer Calibration 2 seconds saves changes Dealer Calibration To adjust values or or To exit save changes 2 seconds D106031 Seatrial calibration lock This screen controls the access to Seatrial calibration Screen text Options CAL LOCK OFF Calibration lock off Seatrial calibration can be accessed default CAL LOCK ON Calibration lock on Seatrial calibration cannot be accessed Vessel type Selecting the correct vessel type enables the SPX5 Wheel system to set appropriate values for other calibration settings to give optimum performance Refer to the table on page 57 for default values The correct setting for the SPX5 Wheel system is SAIL BOAT This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel systemChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 53 Drive type The drive type setting controls how the SPX5 Wheel system drives the steering system The correct setting for the SPX5 Wheel system is 3 This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel system Align rudder The align rudder screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is fitted use this screen is used to calibrate the rudder bar display This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel system see page 31 Screen Text Range ALIGN RUD 9 to 9 in 1 steps Rudder limit The rudder limit screen is displayed only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is fitted this screen is used to set the limits of the rudder control just inside the mechanical end stops and thus avoid putting the steering system under unnecessary load This should be set when commissioning the SPX5 Wheel system see page 31 Screen Text Range RUD LIMIT 10 to 40 in 1 steps Rudder gain Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX5 Wheel system applies to correct course errors The higher the setting the more rudder will be applied The rudder gain setting is set automatically as part of the AutoLearn process see page 42 Screen Text Range RUDD GAIN 1 to 9 Counter rudder Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Wheel system applies to try to prevent the boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more rudder being applied54 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide The default counter rudder gain is set as part of the initial seatrial AutoLearn process see page 43 Screen Text Range COUNT RUD 1 to 9 Do NOT set to 0 Rudder damping If the SPX5 Wheel system hunts when trying to position the rudder adjust the rudder damping value to minimize this Increasing the rudder damping value reduces hunting Increase the damping one level at a time until the autopilot stops hunting and always use the lowest acceptable value Screen Text Range RUDD DAMP 1 to 9 AutoTrim The AutoTrim setting determines the rate at which the SPX5 Wheel system applies standing helm to correct for trim changes caused by varying wind loads on the sails or superstructure The default AutoTrim is set as part of the AutoLearn process see page 43 If you need to change the setting increase the AutoTrim one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable value If the SPX5 Wheel system gives unstable course keeping or excessive drive activity with a change in the heel angle decrease the AutoTrim level If the SPX5 Wheel system reacts slowly to a heading change due to a change in the heel angle increase the AutoTrim level If the AutoTrim level is too high the boat will be less stable and snake around the desired course Setting Effect AUTO TRIM OFF No trim correction AUTO TRIM 1 to 4 Auto trim applied 1 Slowest 4 Fastest Response level This sets the default SPX5 Wheel system response level setting The response level controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helm drive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation see your Operating Guide for detailsChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 55 Screen Text Options RESPONSE Range 1 to 9 Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves power but may compromise shortterm coursekeeping accuracy Level 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well con trolled turns under normal operating conditions Level 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the SPX5 Wheel system may fight the sea Turn rate limit This limits your boats rate of turn under SPX5 Wheel system control Screen Text Range TURN RATE 1 to 30 per second in 1 steps Off course angle This screen determines the angle used by the OFF COURSE alarm see your Operating Guide The OFF COURSE alarm operates if the pilot strays off course by more than the specified angle for more than 20 seconds Screen Text Range OFF COURSE 15 to 40 in 1 steps Locked heading Boat heading 15 minimum D106481 AutoTack The AutoTack angle is not adjustable The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is initiated is mirrored the other side of the wind on the opposite tack See User calibration page 5056 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide Gybe inhibit See User calibration page 50 Wind selection Note Only available if appropriate wind data is available This screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane mode See User calibration page 50 WindTrim WindTrim controls how quickly the SPX5 Wheel system responds to changes in the wind direction Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive to wind changes See User calibration page 50 PowerSteer If you have a joystick connected to your SPX5 Wheel system use this screen to select the required joystick mode of operation For detailed operating information refer to the guide supplied with the joystick Options OFF Joystick off 1 1 Proportional power steer Proportional power steer applies rudder in proportion to joystick movement the further the joystick is held over the greater the applied rudder 2 2 Bangbang power steer Bangbang power steer applies continuous rudder in the direction of the lever movement to improve control the speed of rudder movement changes with the angle of the lever For maximum speed push the lever hardover If you return the lever to the center position the rudder will remain in its current position Cruise speed Set the cruise speed to the boats typical cruising speed If neither the speed through the water nor the speed over ground are available via SeaTalk or NMEA the SPX5 Wheel system will use the cruise speed value you set here as a default when calculating course changes Screen Text Range CRUISE SP 4 to 60 knots Latitude If valid latitude data is available via SeaTalk or NMEA the SPX5 Wheel system will use this data instead of the calibration value Screen Text Range LATITUDE 0 to 80 in 1 stepsChapter 4 SPX5 Wheel system settings 57 System reset CAUTION Losing settings at system reset Do NOT carry out a System RESET unless advised to do so by a Raymarine dealer If you complete a reset you will lose the SPX5 Wheel system calibration settings You will then need to repeat the SPX5 Wheel system commissioning process Carrying out a System reset will reset User calibration Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration settings to their default values Note the Display calibration settings will not change as these are stored in each individual con troller To carry out a system reset 1 Select the System reset RESET screen in Dealer calibration 2 Press 1 then press auto 3 The screen will then show an ARE YOU SURE message Either Press auto to cancel the reset or Press 1 again to select YES and reset the SPX5 Wheel system 4 You will then see the CAL LOCK screen Hold down standby for 2 seconds to save the new settings then turn the SPX5 Wheel system computer power off and back on If you reset the system parameters you must carry out the SPX5 Wheel system commissioning process before using the SPX5 Wheel system again45 System defaults Parameter Defaults Parameter Defaults Calibration Lock OFF Turn Rate Limit 7 Vessel Type SAIL BOAT Off Course Angle 20 Drive Type 3 AutoTack Angle Relative Rudder Alignment 0 Gybe Inhibit ON Rudder Limit 30 Wind Type APP Rudder Gain 2 Wind Trim 5 Counter Rudder 2 Power Steer Joystick OFF Rudder Damping 2 Cruise Speed 8 AutoTrim 1 Latitude 0 Response 5 Autopilot Reset OFF58 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide 59Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 sentences The SPX5 Wheel Course Computer supports the following NMEA0183 to Course Computer Header Data in APB Cross track error bearing to waypoint waypoint number BWC Bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint number time BWR GGA time GLL HDG Heading HDM HDT MWV Apparent wind angle apparent wind speed RMA Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG latitudelongi tude variation RMB Cross track error bearing to waypoint distance to waypoint waypoint number RMC Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG latitudelongi tude time variation VHW Speed through water heading VTG Course over ground COG speed over ground SOG VWR Apparent wind angle AWA and apparent wind speed AWS XTE Cross track error ZDA Time dateNMEA0183 from Course Computer Header Data out HDG Heading HDT True heading requires true heading data to be available RSA Rudder angle Available only if Rudder Reference option is fitted The computer will only transmit these items if it has received the appropriate data60 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide 61Appendix 2 SPX5 Wheel system supply voltage 12 V dc 10 A fuse protection at distribution panel 10 A thermal circuit breaker protection at distribution panelOperating voltage range 10 V to 16 V dcCurrent consumption standby 200 mAGyro Built conditions operating temperature 10C to 55C 14F to 131F nonoperating temperature 20C to 70C 4F to 158F relative humidity limit 80 water protection Drip resistant when mounted conditions whenpacked temperature range 5C to 50C 23F to 122F relative humidity limit 75Dimensions Width 240 mm 9 716 Height 170 mm 6 1116 Depth 55 mm 2 316Weight 600 g 1 lb 52ozInputs Fluxgate Compass NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 SeaTalkng and powerOutputs NMEA 0183 v301 SeaTalk x2 drive motor and drive compatibility ST4000 Wheel Drive as supplied with product ST4000 Tiller Drive standard and GPDrive motor output Continuous 5 A at nominal 12 VSeaTalk output 2A at 12 V fuse protected at 2ANMEA 0183 v301 inputsout See Appendix 1 NMEA 0183 heading output NMEA 0183 5 Hz SeaTalkng 10 Hz NMEA 2000 10 HzFuses Standard automotive blade fuses to protect Power Terminals 15 A SeaTalk Terminals 2 AEMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 262 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup GuideWheel DriveWheel Drive unit technical supply voltage 12 V dcOperating voltage range 10 V to 16 V dcMotor Speed No Load 65 11 RPM Hard over speed 25 turns 1575 Seconds Max 4 turns 2525 seconds maxTorque Manual override torque Max 4Nm Continuous torque at helm Max 6 Nm 14 V supply 875 RPM Peak torque at helm 18 Nm Power off torque Min 20Nm at clutch to withstand conditions operating temperature 10C to 55C 14F to 131F nonoperating temperature 20C to 70C 4F to 158F water protection To IPX6 conditions when 20C to 50C 4F to 122Fpacked 75temperature rangerelative humidity limitInputs Drive power from compatible Course Raymarine approved service at 1000 hrs intervalsEMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 2Helm tested to EN29775 Section 722 Helm assembly tests BSEN28848 Helm impact testSPX5 Wheel system specifications 63Pilot Controller ST6002Nominal supply voltage 12 V DC via voltage range 10 V to 15 V DCCurrent consumption in Standby 60 mA less than 200 mA with full temperature 0 C to 70 C 32 F to 158 FWater protection waterproof to CFR46Overall 110 mm 433 inheight 115 mm 453 indepth 41 mm 162 inKeypad 8 button illuminated keypadLiquid Crystal Display LCD shows heading locked course and navigational data and up to 15 data pagesLCD illumination 3 brightness levels offInput connections SeaTalk x2 and NMEA 0183Output connections SeaTalk x2EMC compliance Europe 2004108EC EMC Australia and New Zealand CTick Compliance Level 264 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup Guide calibration modes 46 response level 54 rudder damping 54AutoLearn 38 rudder gain 53AutoTack 55 rudder limit 53AutoTrim 43 54 seatrial calibration lock 52C system reset 57Calibration modes 45 turn rate limit 55 vessel type 52Certified installation 1 wind type 56Checking system operation 41 WindTrim Default settings 57 Dockside 31 Display calibration 47 align rudder indicator 34 data page setup 47 checking connections 32 heading selection 47 checking pilot operating sense 32 Drive type 53 set drive type 34 setup 34 set rudder limits 34 E set vessel type 34 EMC information v 7 switching on 31 requirement 30 31 F Seatrial 35 Fluxgate Compass AutoLearn 38 connecting 23 conditions 35 locating 22 heading alignment 37 mounting 23 swinging the compass 35 Fuse 21Connecting Wheel Drive 19 GCounter rudder 43 53 Grounding 26Course Computer Gybe inhibit 50 connections 11 Fluxgate Compass 23 H NMEA0183 29 Heading alignment 37 Pilot Controller 24 Heading selection 47 power 21 J rudder reference 27 Joystick setup 56 SeaTalkng 28 L Wheel Drive 21 Latitude 56 mounting 9D MData pages Magnetictrue heading selection 47 Manual setup available functions 48 setup 47 AutoTrim 43Dealer calibration checking operation 41 counter rudder 43 align rudder indicator 53 response level 41 AutoTack 55 AutoTrim 54 N counter rudder 53 NMEA0183 cruise speed 56 connections 29 drive type 53 inputs 59 latitude 56 outputs 59 off course warning angle 55 power steer 5666 SmartPilot X5 Wheel Installation Setup GuideO response level 50 54Off course warning angle 55 rudder damping 54 rudder gain 42 53P rudder indicator alignment 34 53Parts supplied 4 rudder limit 53Pilot Controller rudder limits 34 connecting 24 seatrial calibration lock 52 SeaTalk power NOT supplied by Course turn rate limit 55 Computer 25 vessel type 34 52 SeaTalk power supplied by Course wind type 50 56 Computer 24 WindTrim 50 56 ST6002 Pilot Controller fitting 24Power cable requirement 8 connecting 24 SeaTalk power NOT supplied by CoursePower connection 21Power steer joystick mode 56 Computer 25 SeaTalk power supplied by CoursePower supply protection 21 Computer 24Product disposal vi fitting 24R Swinging the compass 35Resetting the system 57 Switching on 31Response level 50 54 System defaults 57 temporary changes 41 System grounding 26Rudder damping 54 System reset 57Rudder gain 53 setup 42 TRudder indicator alignment 53 Tools required 5 setup 34 Turn rate limit 55Rudder limits 53 U setup 34 User calibration 49Rudder reference option 27 gybe inhibit 50S response level 50Safety wind type 50 electrical v WindTrim 50 general v V navigation v Vessel type 52SeaTalkng connections 28 Vessel type setup 34Seatrial Calibration 35 W AutoLearn 38 conditions 35 Wheel Drive heading alignment 37 cable routing 20 swinging the compass 35 connecting 19Seatrial calibration lock 52 mounting 11Setup attaching pedestal bracket 15 accessing calibration modes 46 drilling spoke clamp holes 12 AutoTrim 43 54 securing wheel drive to wheel 14 counter rudder 43 53 Wind type 50 56 cruise speed 56 WindTrim 50 56 data pages 47 drive type 34 53 for joystick operation 56 gybe inhibit 50 heading selection 47 latitude 56 off course warning angle 55 power steer joystick mode 56Wheel drive spoke clamp template Spoke clamp Spoke clamp insert Spoke diameters 16 mm 58 in 135 mm 53 in 12 mm 12 inCenterof wheel D54101
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The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerous of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.