Raymarine Spx 5 Tiller Pilot And Gp Tiller Pilot Installation Instructions 87075 4
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Distiller 900 2 SPX5 Tiller system Controller 1 NMEA 0183 to Course from Course 4 SPX5 Tiller system System 3 Commissioning Manual 2 Installing the Installation Commission the system before 1 Installation and system Installation Create a schematic Electrical and Electronic on pressure Equipment System electronics Safe and successful SeaTalk and equipment NOT Final all Optional 0183 Connect to Pilot to Fluxgate Connecting power drive cables to the Course Adapting the Install the Tiller SPX5 Tiller system Course connection General cabling cable 2 Install the 1 Mount the Tiller unit power 0183 Connecting other manufacturers installation to other SPX5 Tiller system checks the the compass the new the rudder the rudder the vessel and drive the vessel the drive autopilot operating SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 NMEA 0183 and NMEA GPS or Dealer calibration User Display BAR up data course rate calibration the Calibration Autohelm HSB RayTech Navigator Sail Pilot SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK of Raymarine UK Limited Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited 45STV 60STV AST Autoadapt Auto GST AutoSeastate AutoTrim Bidata G Series HDFI LifeTag Marine On Board Raychart RaynavRaypilot RayTalk Raystar ST40 ST60Seaclutter Smart Route Tridata and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners Handbook contents copyright Raymarine Ltd 2012vSafety notices vEMC Conformance vLimitations on pressure washing vProduct documents viWarranty viProduct disposal viWaste Electrical and Electronic WEEEviChapter 1Installation and system overviews overview and successful installation 1Certified overviews 2Marine electronics SeaTalk system 314Equipment Tools 4Parts supplied4Tools and equipment NOT supplied5Tools 5Cables equipment a schematic diagram 6Chapter 2Installing the system precautions 7EMC installation 7Suppression to other cabling guidelines 8Power cable Tiller system Course Computer 9Mounting9X5 connection the Tiller Drive 11Drive type11Mounting unit position11Step 1 Mount the Tiller Drive13Step 2 Install the socket15Cable the installation 16Pushrod X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuidePedestal socket17Tiller power drive cables to the Course Computer 19Power compass 21Compass Controller to power to ground 25210Optional connections 26Rudder power27See also27NMEA 0183 bridging28NMEA 0183 Connecting other manufacturers checks 29Secure all the system before use 29Chapter 3Commissioning setup 31Dockside checks on31Check SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 instruments 32SeaTalk and NMEA GPS or Chartplotter 32Other NMEA 0183 connections 32Checking autopilot operating sense32Setting the vessel and drive type33Set the vessel type 34Set the drive type 34Align the rudder indicator34Set the rudder limits34Save the new the compass 35Aligning the compass heading setup 40Checking SPX5 Tiller system level41Rudder gain41Counter rudder 4SPX5 Tiller system settings 45Calibration modes45Display the Calibration calibration calibration 47RUDD BAR screen47HDG screen47Data pages 47Setting up data pages4843User calibration inhibit50Wind calibration 51Seatrial calibration lock 52Vessel type 52Drive type 53Align rudder53Rudder limit 53Rudder gain 53Counter rudder53Rudder 54Response level 54Turn rate limit55Off course angle56Gybe inhibit56Wind defaults 58 Appendix 1NMEA 0183 sentences 59NMEA0183 to Course from Course X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide Appendix 2SPX5 Tiller system specifications 61Course Computer 61Tiller Drive 62Pilot Controller notices EMC ConformanceAll Raymarine equipment and accessories are designed to the best industry standards for use in the recreational marine environment Their design and manufacture conforms to the appropriate Compatibility EMCstandards but correct installation is required to ensure that performance is not Limitations on pressure washingCAUTION Do not pressure wash Raymarine products must NOT be subjected to water pressures in excess of CFR46 IPX6 standards for example as generated by commercial high pressure washing subjected to water at these high pressures may experience water intrusion and subsequent failure Raymarine products are waterproofed to CFR46 IPX6 standards which means that when installed and operated in accordance with the appropriate product documentation they can be used in most weather and sea conditions However any exposure to highpressure water that exceeds the CFR46 IPX6 standards on or around Raymarine products will invalidate the warranty for those Product installation operationThis equipment must be installed commissioned and operated in accordance with the Raymarine instructions provided Failure to do so could result in personal injury damage to your boat andor poor product Switch off power supplyMake sure you have switched off the power supply before you start installing this productWARNING Navigational safetyAlthough we have designed this product to be accurate and reliable many factors can affect its performance Therefore it should serve only as an aid to navigation and should never replace commonsense and navigational judgement Always maintain a permanent watch so you can respond to situations as they X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideProduct documentsThis document is part of a series of books associated with the SPX5 Tiller system Documents can be downloaded from To the best of our knowledge the information in the product documents was correct when they went to press However Raymarine cannot accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions in product documents In addition our policy of continuous product improvement may change specifications without notice Therefore Raymarine cannot accept liability for any differences between the product and the accompanying documents WarrantyTo register your new Raymarine product please take a few minutes to fill out the warranty card It is important that you complete the owner information and return the card to us to receive full warranty benefits You can also register online at by following theLogin or create an disposalWaste Electrical and Electronic WEEEctiveThe European WEEE Directive requires that waste electrical and electronic equipment is carrying the crossed out wheeled bin symbol illustrated abovemust not be disposed of in general waste or landfill but in accordance with local regulations for such productses not apply to all Raymarine products we support its policy and ask you to be aware of the correct method for disposing of such productsPlease contact your local dealer national distributor or Raymarine Technical Services for information on product X5 Tiller and GP Tiller Operating X5 Tiller and GP Tiller Installation and Setup Controller installation SmartPilot Controller Tiller Quick Reference compass installation Booklet800174 32EXYEXY01p 8dCopyright ccChapter 1Installation and system overviewsThis chapter gives an overview of installation procedures and network configurations for an SPX5 Tiller overviewThere are two stages to installing an SPX5 Tiller system namely planning the installation then installing and mounting the components It is important to carry out the planning stage to ensure that all components used in the system including cables and accessories are correctly specified The following is a summary of the tasks in each your system2Check equipment suitable locations for the autopilot equipment4Plan cabling and a schematic diagram1Mount SPX5 Course Tiller Drive unit3Install the autopilot the power cables and system ground6Connect additional equipment cables to the Course Computer7Final fix secure all equipment in place secure all cables12Safe and successful installationTo achieve a safe and reliable installation of your SPX5 Tiller system installation must be carried out by a competent professional who should adhere to the instructions in this guideCertified recommends certified installation by a Raymarine approved installer A certified installation qualifies for enhanced warranty benefits Contact your Raymarine dealer for further details and refer to the separate warranty card packed with your productGetting assistanceIf you need further assistance with an installation contact your dealer or visit the Raymarine web site X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide13System overviewsThe SPX5 Tiller system consists of a number of components connected together using a Raymarine SeaTalk bus Marine electronics systemsThe autopilot may form part of your wider ships electronics system It may be connected to equipment using a number of marine industry standard protocols 0183SPX5 Tiller system key 1 Installation and system SeaTalk systemSeaTalk allows connection of compatible instruments and equipment though a dedicated data bus This allows information sharing around the ships electronics system or cable V dc4SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup ToolsBefore you begin ensure you have all the necessary components and tools to install your systemParts supplied TillerTiller driveand screwSeaTalk CableBracket screw Chapter 1 Installation and system and equipment NOT suppliedYou will need to supply the following equipment and mm 6 mm1412mm bitsTwopart epoxy Araldite equipmentPower cable and fusebreaker See page 19Additional data cables eg for connection of GPS or braid See page following accessories may be used to adapt the tiller drive mounting to suit different installation requirements See Adapting the installation on page 16 Part Pin package of 5Mounting Socket package of 5mm 1mm 2mm 3Tiller Bracket 25Tiller Bracket 51D011Tiller Bracket 76Small threaded tiller pin 25Small Thread Tiller Pin package of 5Extra length tiller pin 71Extra length threaded tiller pin 71Pedestal Socket 38Pedestal Socket 51Pedestal Socket 646SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide15Create a schematic diagramAs part of the preparation for installing your SPX5 Tiller system we recommend that you create a schematic diagram representing the system you want to install This will help ensure that you install a safe optimum system and so is particularly important if you intend connecting your autopilot to other electronic equipmentThe schematic diagram should of all components See page v and page 7 for EMC guidelines that may affect the location of specific cable types routes and lengthsWhen you have completed the schematic diagram you are ready to begin installing the SPX5 Tiller systemPart Socket 76Pedestal Socket 89Cantilever SocketTiller Bracket 102mm 4Tiller Bracket 127mm 5Chapter 2Installing the systemBefore proceeding with the installation you should have the following to handAll necessary equipment and tools to install your SPX5 Tiller systemThe correct type and length of power cableSchematic diagram detailing autopilot system location and connections You should also check that existing marine electronics such as the GPS are installed and Switch off power supplySwitch off the power supply before you start installing this productEMC installation equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate Compatibility EMCulations This minimizes interference between equipment which could otherwise affect the performance of your systemCorrect installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is not compromisedFor optimum EMC performance we recommend thatRaymarine equipment and the cables connected to it areiAt least 3 ft 1 mm any equipment transmitting or cables carrying radio signals eg VHF radios cables and antennas In the case of SSB radios the distance should be increased to 7 ft 2 miiMore than 7 ft 2 mthe path of a radar beam A radar beam can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above and below the radiating elementThe product is supplied from a separate battery from that used for engine start This is important to prevent erratic behavior and data loss which can occur if the engine start does not have a separate specified cables are usedCables are not cut or extended unless doing so is detailed in the installation manualWhere constraints on the installation prevent any of the above allow the maximum separation possible between different items of electrical equipment This will provide the best conditions for EMC performance for the Install at docksideFor safety reasons your boat must be at dockside before commencing X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites These are important for correct EMC performance Any ferrite removed to facilitate installation must be replaced in the original position immediately after the installation is completeUse only ferrites of the correct type supplied by Raymarine authorized to other equipmentIf Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment using a cable not supplied by Raymarine a Raymarine suppression ferrite MUST always be attached to the cable near the Raymarine unitCompassThe compass is sensitive to magnetic influences and other potential sources of interference including engines and VHF radio waves To ensure optimum operation it is essential to locate the compass correctly 22General cabling guidelinesDo not mix ac and dc cablesAdhere to EMC guidelines see page 7Use Copex conduit where appropriate to protect cablesLabel all cables for easy the Fluxgate compass cable separate from other cablesPower cable requirementAn overview of the power cables is given in the following illustration Tiller Drive Cable AChapter 2 Installing the system9CAUTION Power cableUsing an incorrect size of power cable could reduce the power supplied to the drive unit and therefore cause your SPX5 Tiller system to malfunction Ensure the correct cable size is used If in doubt use a heavier gauge cableThe requirement for power cables depends on the total length of the power circuit That is the total length of Cable A Cable B Cable CThe correct cable dimensions for various cable lengths are given in the following table 23SPX5 Tiller system Course Course Computer must be mounted on a secure vertical surface free from vibration Total cable length A B CCopper areaAWGUp to 25ftUp to 40ftUp to X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide 2 Installing the system11X5 connection overviewThe X5 course computer provides the following system connections 24Install the Tiller DriveDrive typeThe correct Tiller drive unit type is dependent on the fully laden displacement of the For vessels up to 6 tonnes fully laden displacement use the standard tiller driveFor vessels up to 75 tonnes fully laden displacement use the GP tiller driveNote The actual laden displacement for a vessel can be up to 20 greater than the manufacturers published displacement Tiller Drive must be that when the tiller is centered the drive axis is at 90 degrees to the tiller axisDrive unit positionThe tiller pin and drive socket can be mounted between 356 mm and 457 mm 14 18 centre of the rudder stock For quicker rudder response in vessels requiring faster turn rates eg lighter displacement vesselsall the tiller pin and drive pedestal closer to the rudder stock to a minimum of 356 mm 14SeaTalkNMEA X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideUse the following table to determine the required position for your vessel The Tiller drive mounting arrangement is shown in the following illustration In the following dimension represents the required distance between the tiller pin and the center of the rudder stock as determined from the above information Drive pin distance from rudder stockMax degrees of helm with pilot engagedRate of helm changeForce at rudderstandard distance8 per second8 per second9 per second9 per second10 per secondChapter 2 Installing the system13If you need to adapt the standard installation refer to Adapting the installation on page 16 for adaptation optionsStep 1 Mount the Tiller DriveUse this procedure when neither accessories or adaptation of the drive unit position are required 1Securely clamp the tiller mark the pin position and drill the 6 mm 14hole2Fix the pin in position using a twopart epoxy adhesive3Check the shoulder height of the pin 4Mark the socket position and drill a 6 mm 14to check the thickness of the structure If this is less than 25 mm reinforce with plywood and bond into position Once this has cured open up the hole diameter to 125 mm 125Fix the socket in position using a twopart epoxy adhesive6Once the epoxy has fully hardened fit the tiller driveTwo part 1214SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide Two part socket in placeChapter 2 Installing the system15Step 2 Install the socketCable Power cableUsing an incorrect size of power cable could cause your SPX5 Tiller system to malfunction and reduce the power supplied to the drive unit Ensure the correct size is used If in doubt use a heavier gauge cableMeasure the distance between the intended location of the Tiller Drive socket and the Course Computer then use the information under Power cable requirement on page 8 to determine the correct cable to use to connect power from the Course Computer to the Tiller driveFitting socket1Cutout and tape the template supplied at the end of this book to the bulkhead in the required position2Drill a 18 mm arance hole and two 25 mm ot holes 3Lift off the template and remove any burrs or sharp edges4Obtain a suitable length of cable as described above and feed one end through the 18 mm hole in the each wire to the correct terminal on the socket as in the following illustration 6Using the two selftapping screws secure the socket to the bulkhead7Route the free end of the cable to the Course Computer Secure the cable as necessary at regular intervals along the routeRear of X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup the Accessories on page for details of parts available to adapt your to the following illustration if dimension C is greater than 625 mm 246use a pushrod extension To use a pushrod a pushrod extension with a length L nearest to C 625 mm 2462Unscrew the pushrod end cap3Screw on the pushrod the pushrod end cap onto the pushrod socketUse the cantilever socket if you need to attach the tiller drive to a vertical face such as the cockpit sidewall Chapter 2 Installing the system17To use the cantilever socket1Use a hacksaw to cut the rod to length L F 640 mm 2522Assemble the mounting ring rod and socket3With the drive horizontal mark the location of the mounting ring and its holes4Drill three 6 mm 14earance holes at the marked a thin coat of silicone sealant to the base of the mounting ring6Use three 6 mm 14ameter bolts nuts and washers to attach the mounting ring and backing plate7Roughen the end of the rod and inside of the socket to provide a key Then apply twopart epoxy adhesive to the rod end and cap8Place the cap over the rod end making sure the hole faces upwards Allow the adhesive to harden fully before applying a loadNote Note When the autopilot is not in use you can unscrew the complete rod assembly to leave the cockpit socketUse the pedestal socket if you need to raise the height of the socket to make the tiller drive horizontal To use a pedestal socket1Select a socket assembly with a length L nearest to G 38 mm 152With the drive assembled and the socket positioned 460 mm 245the tiller axis mark the location of the mounting ring and holes3Drill three 6 mm 14earance holes at the marked a thin coat of silicone sealant to the base of the mounting ring5Use three 6 mm 14ameter bolts nuts and washers to attach the mounting ring and backing plateNote Note When the autopilot is not in use you can unscrew the complete rod assembly to leave the cockpit X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideTiller bracketsIf the tiller is higher or lower than the mounting socket use a tiller bracket to vary the tiller pin height so the drive is horizontal If the drive is below the tiller bracket size equals dimension DIf the drive is above the tiller bracket size equals dimension E 25 mm 1To use a tiller bracket1Place the tiller bracket on the center line of the tiller above or belowablish the correct position 2Mark the centers of the bracket mounting holesChapter 2 Installing the system193Drill two 6 mm 14iameter clearance holes through the center line of the tiller at the positions marked4Attach the tiller bracket using two 6 mm 14ameter bolts nuts and washers5Fix the bolts in position using twopart epoxy adhesive6When the epoxy is completely hardened fully tighten the power drive cables to the Course Power supplyThe SPX5 Tiller system needs a 12 V dc supplyCAUTION Ensure correct supply voltageDo NOT connect 24 V to the Course Computer or damage to the product could occurCircuit the power supply for the SPX5 Tiller system with a 10 A fuse or circuit breakerUsing the information given at Power cable requirement on page 8 obtain the required length of the appropriate cable to connect power from the boats distribution panel to the Course X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup procedure At the Course Computer locate the free ends of the power cable from the distribution panel and Tiller Drive cable Ensuring all power is switched off refer to the following illustration and connect each cable to the correct Course Computer terminals as follows1Strip 810 mm 12 inchnsulation from the end of each wire2Use a small screwdriver to loosen the relevant screws on the terminal block3Insert the stripped wires into the appropriate terminals and tighten the screwChapter 2 Installing the compassUse these instructions to install the Fluxgate CompassAfter fitting the Fluxgate Compass ensure you affix the compass safe area label adjacent to the Fluxgate CompassThe compass contains a selflevelling mechanism This enables the compass to provide accurate readings with pitch and roll movements up to 35 Note When shaken the Fluxgate Compass makes a rattling sound This is entirely normal and is not a cause for concernCompass achieve the best performance mount your compassWith the Raymarine logo facing the bowAs close as possible to the boats pitch and roll centerAt least 2ft 6 in 08 mway from your boats steering compass to avoid deviation of both compasses As far away as possible from large iron masses such as the engine or other magnetic devices Note To check if the intended mounting location is free from magnetic influence tape a handheld compass to the chosen location then turn the boat through 360 The readings on the handheld compass and your boats main steering compass if accurately alignedmore than10 at any heading Mounting the Fluxgate Compass on a vertical bulkhead with the cable leaving at the bottom of the unit 2Stick the supplied warning label near to the compass where it is clearly visible 22SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide Compass the compass cable to the Course Computer securing it at regular intervals with suitable cable to the Course Computer as in the following illustration 2 Installing the ST6002 Pilot Controller is supplied with an 9 m cable for connection to the SeaTalk bus Ensure that your mounting location is within 9 m of a suitable connection point You may purchase a longer cable if requiredFit the controller in accordance with the separate instruction to SeaTalkThe Pilot Controller connects to SeaTalk at the Course Computer as shown in following diagram Note You will need an additional cable to connect your controller to an existing SeaTalk instruSeaTalk power connectionsThe exact manner in which connections are made depends on how power is supplied to SeaTalkIf power is supplied by the Course Computer connect the red and yellow wires and the screen to the Course ComputerIf power is supplied from an external source connect only the yellow wire and the screen to the Course Computer Do NOT connect the red wireConnect Red wire only if SeaTalk Computer See SeaTalk power below for X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide SeaTalk power supplied by Course power supplied 2 Installing the to groundCAUTION GroundingSPX5 Tiller system ground MUST be connected to ships ground Failure to connect to ships ground may cause it or other onboard electronics to malfunctionTo ground your SPX5 Tiller systemUse a dedicated earthing plate eg dynaplate contact with the waterUse flat tinned copper braid 30 A rating 14 inch Equivalent stranded wire diameter 4mm or greaterKeep the length of the earth braid as short as possibleNote If you cannot connect to a dedicated earthing plate you may connect ground to the negative pole of the battery ideally at the battery itself Preferred X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup referenceAn optional rudder reference transducer is available to provide an accurate display of the rudder angle If you have the optional rudder reference transducer connect it to the course computer as shownNote A rudder reference transducer should always be used in hydraulic drive 2 Installing the ConnectionsTo connect your autopilot to a SeaTalk backbone use a dedicated spur cable Spur cables are available from your Raymarine dealer as follows SeaTalk powerThe Course Computer does NOT supply power for SeaTalk A SeaTalk system must be powered from its own separate power supplySee alsoFor more information on SeaTalk systems refer to the SeaTalk Reference from the Raymarine web site spur cable lengthPart number3 ft 3 in 1 mA060439 ft 10 in 3 X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideNMEA 0183 equipmentThe SPX5 Tiller system can connect to NMEA devices such as a GPS or chartplotter Data bridgingThe SPX5 Tiller system acts as a bridge between SeaTalk and NMEA allowing NMEA and SeaTalk devices to share informationFor example the information received from an NMEA GPS could be shared with a SeaTalk instrument to provide a separate Course Over Ground displayNMEA 0183 Connecting other manufacturers equipmentWhen connecting Raymarine equipment to other equipment using a nonRaymarine cable you MUST attach an appropriate suppression ferrite to the cable near to the Raymarine unitWhen connecting third party equipment refer to the manufacturers instructions for cable detailsYou should not connect more than one piece of equipment to the Course Computer NMEA inputNMEA DEVICEChapter 2 Installing the checksWhen you have completed all necessary installation procedures but before you apply power to the system ensure all equipment and connections are properly Secure all cablesTo prevent strain on the connector blocks secure the cables to the Course Computer with cable ties as shown below 212Commission the system before useThe SPX5 Tiller system must be commissioned prior to use in accordance with the instructions in Chapter 3 Commissioning setup For new systems this involves em which is a safetycritical X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideChapter 3Commissioning setupThis chapter describes the commissioning and setup procedures for your Raymarine SPX5 Tiller commissioning procedures are mandatory and must be carried out after installation before the SPX5 Tiller system is used to steer the boatAdditional setup procedures are also provided for you to fine tune your SPX5 Tiller system for optimum performance with your boat They are not mandatory and you may find that you do not need to use them if the SPX5 Tiller system operates to your satisfaction after commissioning and setting up the SPX5 Tiller system use the supplied ST6002 controller Pilot select the required operating mode initiate course changesdisp track provide access to extended functionsNote The system is also compatible with ST7002 ST8002 and ST70 Pilot commissioning process checks setupSeatrial checks setupThe dockside checks on2Checking SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 autopilot steering sense4Setting vessel type and drive type5Setting rudder limits if rudder reference option fittedWith the boat safely tied up carry out the dockside checks and setup procedures before any trials at sea or other setup on1Observing the Tiller drive unit switch on the main power breaker If the Tiller drive moves switch off the power immediately then ensure the system wiring is correct2When the Pilot Controller and Course Computer are powered up the controller will beep and show the controller type for a few seconds before showing the STANDBY REQUIRED message may be displayed This indicates that the autopilot commissioning is not yet complete3Check that the STANDBY screen displays a live compass headingNote The autopilots builtin gyro requires a few minutes to stabilize after power on During this time the heading may appear to drift until the gyro has X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide Check SeaTalk and NMEA 0183 instrumentsIf you have connected the Pilot Controller to other SeaTalk instruments or display lighting level 3 LAMP 3 one of the other SeaTalk instruments or 2Check that the Pilot Controller display lights are on If the lights are not on check the SeaTalk cabling between the Pilot Controller and the other unitsSeaTalk and NMEA GPS or ChartplotterIf you have connected the SPX5 Tiller system to a chartplotter or GPS eg via NMEA0183 or SeaTalkck the links by displaying the default navigation data pages on the Pilot Controller To do this1Press disp to display the first data page d check that this page shows the expected data2Press disp again to check each successive data page BTWDTW etcIf the display shows dashes instead of expected data values ensureThe GPS or chartplotter is switched on and transmitting an active waypointThe GPS or chartplotter is configured to transmit the required data formatThere is not a cabling error Check for open circuit short circuit or reversed NMEA 0183 connectionsTo check other NMEA connections you will need to set up the appropriate page of data using Display calibration mode See page 47For details of supported NMEA sentences seeAppendix 1 NMEA 0183 autopilot operating sense1Manually center the tiller then press so the SPX5 Tiller system is in Auto modethen check that the display shows AUTOBe ready to press standby if the rudder moves hard over2Press once3Check that the rudder moves to starboard a few degrees and then stopsIf the rudder drives hard over immediately press to prevent further rudTRUEChapter 3 Commissioning setup33 4If the rudder moves to port or the rudder drives hard overiPress standbyiiTurn off the the motor wires connected to the SPX5 Tiller system on the power and recheckNote If the rudder overshoots and has to drive back or starts to hunt back and forth increase the rudder damping level manually Seepage 54Setting the vessel and drive typein order to set up the vessel type and drive type you need to enter the Dealer calibration mode To enter the Dealer calibration mode1Ensure the autopilot is in Standby mode2Hold down standby for two seconds to enter the Calibration mode3When the screen shows DISPLAY CAL until the DEALER CAL screen is The display will change to CAL5Press and together to enter Dealer calibration WARNING Use Dealer calibration use of Dealer calibration can seriously impair SPX5 Tiller system performance and therefore adversely affect the steering capability Do not change Dealer calibration settings other than as described in the product the CAL screen press together to enter DEALER X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideSet the vessel typeWhen you select a vessel type the SPX5 Tiller system automatically selects appropriate default values for various other calibration settings These default values are listed on page 58To setup the vessel type enter Dealer calibration then1Use to scroll through the Dealer calibration pages until the display shows either or one of the vessel types eg DISPLACE2Use to select SAIL BOAT3Press to confirm the selection and move to the drive type optionSet the drive type1With the SPX5 Tiller system still in Dealer calibration use to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the DRIVE TYP page2Use or to select drive type 3Press to confirm the selection and move to the next calibration optionAlign the rudder indicatorCarry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is not fitted ignore this procedureIf the rudder reference option is fitted 1With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press disp to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the ALIGN RUD page2Use the wheel to center the rudder3Use and to adjust the rudder bar so it is positioned at the centerThe maximum adjustment available is 9 If the offset is beyond these limits you will need to physically adjust the alignment of the to confirm the correct alignment and move to the next calibration optionNote Alternatively you can zero the rudder bar with the boat underway during the initial seatrial by manually steering a straight course then accessing the ALIGNRUD screen in Seatrial Calibration to adjust the offset Set the rudder limitsCarry out this procedure only if the rudder reference option is fitted If the rudder reference option is not fitted ignore this procedureIf the rudder reference option is fitted 1With the SmartPilot still in Dealer Calibration press to scroll through the calibration pages until you reach the RUD LIMIT page2Turn the wheel to move the rudderTo the port end stop and note the angle on the rudder barTo the starboard end stop and note the angle on the rudder bar3Use 10 to set the rudder limit to 5 less than the lowest angle you have noted 4Press disp to select the new value and move to the next calibration optionChapter 3 Commissioning setup35Save the new settingsWhen you have adjusted the above settings hold down standby for two seconds to save your changes leave Dealer calibration and return to the Standby modeSeatrial you have completed the dockside checks carry out a Seatrial calibration to calibrate the compass and set up the autopilot steering commencing the seatrialThe dockside calibration must have been successfully completedThere must be no EMC problems see page 7ImportantIf you need to return to manual steering at any time during a Seatrial or any other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety Seatrial conditionsThe seatrial must be carried out onlyIn conditions of light wind and calm waterIn waters that are clear of any obstructions so the boat has plenty of clear space to maneuverIn order to achieve optimum autopilot performance course over ground COGspeed over ground SOGnd latitude LATa must be available to the SPX5 Tiller system eg on SeaTalk Ensure that the equipment providing this information eg GPStched on and fully operational before starting a Seatrial The Seatrial procedures areCompass AutoLearn to set the SPX5 Tiller system steering calibrationThe compass calibration procedures areSwinging the the the compassThe magnetic deviation correction procedure commonly called swinging the compassvolves turning your boat in slow circles so the autopilot can automatically determine the deviation and apply any correction required The correction procedure reduces deviation errors to a few degreesAs magnetic deviation can cause significant compass errors on your boat you complete the compass swing before any other seatrial procedureTo swing the compass1With the pilot in Standby mode enter Seatrial calibration as followsiHold down for two seconds to enter Calibration modeiiWhen you see the DISPLAY CAL screen press until you see the SEATRIAL CAL screeniiiPress to enter Seatrial X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide2Use to move through the Seatrial calibration items until you see SWING COMPASS Note If you cannot access Seatrial calibration you need to disable the calibration lock This can be found in Dealer calibration see page 523When you are ready to start press to select SWING COMPASS ON4 Press autoto start the compass swingThe Pilot Controller will display TURN BOAT5Start slowly turning the boat in circles keeping the boats speed below 2 knotsYou will need to complete at least two circles taking at least 2 minutes to complete each 360If you turn the boat too quickly the display will show a TOO FAST message If this occurs apply less helm to turn in a larger circleNote If necessary you can quit the correction process by pressing standby disp If you then want to repeat the deviation correction return to screen 6Continue slowly turning the boat until the controller beeps and displays the This indicates that the SPX5 Tiller system has completed the deviation correctionNote This screen shows the maximum deviation encountered over 360 not as an eastwest value If the deviation figure exceeds 15 or the display shows no deviation value the compass is being affected by ferrous objects on your boat You should move the compass to a better location Higher deviation figures are acceptable on steel boats Chapter 3 Commissioning the compass headingOnce the deviation is displayed press to move to the Heading Alignment ALIGN HDGage then1Manually steer the boat on a steady course at a speed sufficient to hold the course 2If you have a GPS connected to your SPX5 Tiller system iIncrease the boat speed to more than 3 knotsiiPress The SPX5 Tiller system will then set the heading to agree with the COG course over groundading received from the GPSAs many factors can cause a difference between heading and COG you must then finetune the heading alignment so it matches the boats steering compass or a known transit bearing To do this1Use 1 1 10 and 10 to adjust the displayed heading until it matches boats steering compass or a known transit bearing2Hold down standby for 2 seconds to exit Seatrial calibration and save the new compass settings Although the compass calibration removes most of the alignment error small errors a few degreesn Once you have completed the initial compass calibration you can make further adjustments to the alignment without having to swing the compass againCheck the heading reading against a number of known headings plot a deviation curve and determine the heading alignment value that will give the lowest error You can then enter this value on the Heading Alignment screen as described aboveIf the average heading error is more than 5 you should perform the compass deviation correction procedure again circling more slowly and in more favorable conditions If COG is available from GPS press to set autopilot heading to COG value then fine tune manually see below If COG is not available or after setting heading to COG align autopilot heading X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideAutoLearn The next stage of the Seatrial is to carry out an AutoLearn routine AutoLearn is a selflearning calibration feature that automatically adjusts rudder gain counter rudder and AutoTrim for optimum performance for your boatIf you need to return to manual steering at any time during an AutoLearn routine or any other procedure press the standby button NEVER compromise vessel safety Carry out an AutoLearn as follows1Ensure you have sufficient sea room to complete the the AUTOLEARN screen in Seatrial calibration as followsiFrom Standby mode hold down for 2 seconds then press twice to see the SEATRIAL CAL screen iiPress auto to enter Seatrial calibration then press four times to see the AUTOLEARN screen3Prepare to start the AutoLearn as follows Steer straight ahead rudder centeredtor the boat at typical cruising speedIf conditions are not calm head into the wind and waves4When you are ready to start the AutoLearn press then WARNING Ensure there is enough clear sea spaceThe AutoLearn process takes the boat through a number of maneuvers which can result in sudden sharp turns especially when the AutoLearn function is run on more maneuverable boats Therefore ensure there is a significant amount of CLEAR SEA SPACE in front of the boat before starting an AutoLearn processChapter 3 Commissioning setup39 5The screen will show the CLEAR TO MANEUVER message Ensure it is safe to continue then press to start the AutoLearn maneuversThe boat will start a series of zigzag turns and the display will show LEARNINGwith a number to indicate the current AutoLearn stage This number increases as AutoLearn progressesA typical AutoLearn completes within 7 to 27 steps depending on boat and sea conditionsNote To cancel an AutoLearn press standby or 6When the SPX5 Tiller system has finished learning the controller will beep and display either LRN PASS LRN FAILLRN PASS AutoLearn completed FAIL AutoLearn was not successful so should be repeated One of the following failure codes will also be displayed AutoLearn has not been carried out AutoLearn failed due to manual interruption AutoLearn failed probably due to drive or compass failure AutoLearn failed probably due to motor current limiting AutoLearn failed probably due to boat spinning7If the AutoLearn was successful hold down standby for 2 seconds to store the new X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup Guide Commissioning completeYour SPX5 Tiller system is now commissioned and ready for use After having used your SPX5 Tiller system you may decide to change the value of some parameters to improve pilot performance with your boat If you feel this is necessary use the appropriate procedures under Manual setup below32Manual setupChecking SPX5 Tiller system manually adjusting any of these seself with basic SPX5 Tiller system operation as follows1Steer onto a compass heading and hold the course steady at a normal cruising speed If necessary steer the boat manually for a short time to check how the boat 2Press to lock onto the current heading The SPX5 Tiller system should hold the locked heading in calm sea conditions3Use andand observe how the SPX5 Tiller system alters the course to port and standby to return to manual steeringIf you feel you need to fine tune the SPX5 Tiller system performance you can do so by using one or more of the procedures below to adjustResponse levelRudder gainCounter 3 Commissioning setup41Over time you may wish to repeat these adjustments using a range of sea conditions and headings to achieve optimum allround performance for your particular vessel and these settings when motoring your boat at cruising speedResponse levelThe principal method of adjusting the performance of an SPX5 Tiller system is by changing the response level This is the only user adjustment you should need to make to the SPX5 Tiller system on a regular basis This controls the relationship between the SPX5 Tiller systems course keeping accuracy and the amount of helmdrive activity To change the response level1Press and or respto access the RESPONSE screen2Use or to adjust the setting3Press to confirm the changeRudder gainBoats can vary widely in their response to helm and by adjusting the rudder gain you can change the SPX5 Tiller systems steering Rudder gain is a measure of how much helm the SPX5 Tiller system applies to correct course errors higher settings mean more rudder is applied Complete the following test to determine whether the rudder gain is set correctly1Set RESPONSE to level 5 see above2Motor your boat to a typical cruising speed in clear water It is easier to recognize the steering response in calm sea conditions where wave action does not mask steering to enter Auto mode then alter course by 40if the rudder gain is adjusted correctly the 40 course change should result in a crisp turn followed by an overshoot of no more than 5If the rudder gain setting is too high the 40 course change will result in a distinct overshoot of more than 5 and there may be a distinct S in the course as at belowCorrect this oversteer by reducing the rudder gain settingScreen TextEffect on operationThis setting minimizes the amount of rudder activity but may compromise shortterm course keeping accuracyThis setting gives good course keeping with crisp well controlled turns under normal operating conditionsThis setting provides the tightest possible course keeping and greatest rudder activity This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the SPX5 Tiller system may fight the X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideIf the rudder gain is too low the boats performance will be sluggish it will take a long time to make the 40 turn and there will be no overshoot belowCorrect this understeer by increasing the rudder gain setting To adjust the rudder gain1Access the RUDD GAIN screen in Dealer calibration see page 532Use or to adjust the rudder gain 3Press and hold for 2 seconds to save the changes4Press to check the SPX5 Tiller system performance in Auto mode Counter rudder Counter rudder is the amount of rudder the SPX5 Tiller system applies to try to prevent the boat from yawing off course Higher counter rudder settings result in more rudder being check the counter rudder setting1Set RESPONSE to level 2Motor your boat at cruising speed in clear water3Press to switch the SPX5 Tiller system to Auto mode then make a 90 course changeWhen gain and counter rudder are both set correctly the boat performs a smooth continuous turn with minimal overshootIf the counter rudder is too low the boat will still overshootIf counter rudder is too high the boat will fight the turn and make a series of short sharp turns this results in a very mechanical feel as the boat changes AdjustingTo adjust the counter rudder1Access the COUNT RUD screen in Dealer the or 1 to adjust the counter rudder 3 Commissioning setup433Press and hold for 2 seconds to save the changes4Press to check the SPX5 Tiller system performance in Auto mode AutoTrimYou may also wish to adjust the AutoTrim setting AutoTrim determines how quickly the SPX5 Tiller system applies standing helm to correct for trim changes caused for example by changes in the wind load on the superstructure or an imbalance of engines Increasing the AutoTrim level reduces the time the SPX5 Tiller system takes to get back onto the correct course but makes the boat less stable If the SPX5 Tiller systemGives unstable course keeping and the boat snakes around the desired course decrease the AutoTrim levelHangs off course for excessive periods of time increase the AutoTrim attempting to adjust the AutoTrim setting ensure you have sufficient experience using your SPX5 Tiller systemIf you need to adjust AutoTrim go up one level at a time and use the lowest acceptable value The range of settings is from no trim correction fastest trim correctionTo adjust the the AUTOTRIM screen in Dealer calibration then2Use or to adjust the AutoTrim level 3Press and hold for 2 seconds to save the changes 4Press to check the SPX5 Tiller system performance in Auto X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideChapter 4SPX5 Tiller system chapter describes the SPX5 Tiller system calibration settings and the factory default settings The calibration settings can be adjusted to best suit your operating requirements but as many will have been adjusted to optimum values when commissioning the system they should not require further change If you change the calibration settings after the SPX5 Tiller system has been commissioned you do not need to repeat the commissioning process However DO NOT manually adjust autopilot settings before the commissioning procedures in Chapter 3 have been modesThere are four calibration modes namely Display calibration User calibration Seatrial calibration and Dealer calibration mode uses a series of screens to set calibration valuesDisplay calibration The items in Display calibration affect the SPX5 Tiller system Pilot Controller They are stored in the controller and do not affect any other controllers connected through SeaTalkYou can adjust the Display calibration settings as often as necessary for example to add or change information displayed on data pagesUser calibrationThe User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular basis to respond to changing calibration The Seatrial calibration mode is used ONLY when commissioning your SPX5 Tiller system as described in Chapter 3 so is not described again here Do not access Seatrial calibration during normal calibrationThe Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on operation and can affect your boats safety After you have completed the initial installation and seatrial you should not normally need to alter the Dealer calibration values 46SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideAccessing the Calibration modes Adjusting calibration valuesTo adjust calibration values1Access the required calibration mode refer to the diagram above2Press disp to scroll through the available options To view the previous option press and hold disp for 1 second3Use 1 10 10 to change the valuesWhen you have made all required changes press and hold for 2 seconds to save changes and exitChapter 4 SPX5 Tiller system calibration provides settings to adjust the information displayed on the Pilot Controller RUDD BAR screenThis screen gives you access to the other Display calibration screensHDG screenYou can choose whether to use magnetic or true heading data values The options HDG MAG Magnetic heading If you select this the screen will indicate for heading values during normal operation HDG TRUE True heading If you select this the screen will indicate TRUE for heading values during normal operation Data pages The Pilot Controller has fifteen data pages Each data page can be configured to display SeaTalkNMEA data which can be viewed during normal operation see SmartPilotX5 Tiller system Operating X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup GuideThe default data page settings are Setting up data pagesWhen setting up your data pages we recommendYou set data pages you do not need to as these will then not be displayed during normal operation leaving just the data pages that you do want for you to scroll toYou retain the BTW and data pages If your SPX5 Wheel system receives a man overboard MOBmessage these data pages will show the bearing and distance to the MOB location Data PageDefault Setting Cross Track Error Bearing to Waypoint see Note below Distance to Waypoint see Note pagesNOT USED see Setting up data pages belowAvailable Data PagesDisplayed asSpeed KnotsSPEED KTSTripTRIP XXXXAverage SpeedAV SPDWind DirectionWIND PORTWind SpeedWIND KTSDepth MetresDEPTH see Note belowDepth FeetDEPTH see Note belowDepth FathomsDEPTH see Note Temperature Degrees CWATER C see Note belowWater Temperature Degrees FWATER F see Note belowCourse Over GroundSpeed Over Ground KnotsSOG KTSCross Track ErrorDistance to 4 SPX5 Tiller system settings49Note There are 3 depth pages meters feet and fathoms temperature pages C and F SPX5 Tiller system will display the depth data or water temperature in the units defined by data page you select 43User calibration For information on how to access User calibration see Accessing the Calibration modesThe User calibration mode includes settings that you may need to adjust on a regular basis to respond to changing to WaypointRudder GainRUDD used to control the Watch timerUniversal Time Data PagesDisplayed as50SmartPilot X5 Tiller GP Tiller Installation Setup AutoTack angle is not adjustable The apparent wind angle when AutoTack is initiated is mirrored the other side of the wind on the opposite tackGybe inhibitWith gybe inhibit onYou will be able to perform an AutoTack into the windThe SPX5 Tiller system will prevent the boat from performing an AutoTack away from the wind to prevent accidental gybesWith gybe inhibit off you can perform an AutoTack into or away from the wind Wind selectionThis screen determines whether the boat steers to apparent or true wind in Wind Vane controls how quickly the SPX5 Tiller system responds to changes in the wind direction Higher wind trim settings will result in a system that is more responsive to wind levelThis sets the default SPX5 Tiller system response level The response level controls the relationship between course keeping accuracy and the amount of helmdrive activity You can make temporary changes to response during normal operation as described in Chapter 1 SPX5 Tiller system STOPON Defaulthibit on gybes preventedOFF Gybe inhibit off gybes permittedWIND APP DefaultSPX5 Tiller system steers to apparent wind angleWIND TRUESPX5 Tiller system steers to true wind angle Screen TRIMRange 1 to 9 1 to 3 Least responsive to wind changes less system activity4 to 6 Moderate response to wind changes7 to 9 Most responsive to wind changes more system 4 SPX5 Tiller system settings51 44Dealer calibration For information on how to access Dealer calibration see Accessing the Calibration modes Some Dealer calibration values are adjusted during the commissioning process see Chapter 3 Commissioning setupnd once the SPX5 Tiller system has been commissioned you should not normally need to change Dealer calibration valuesHowever if you decide you want to change values in Dealer calibration be aware that the Dealer calibration mode includes items that have a significant impact on SPX5 Tiller system operation and can affect your boats safetyScreen 1 to 9 Level 1 to 3 minimizes the amount of pilot activity This conserves power but may compromise shortterm coursekeeping accuracyLevel 4 to 6 should give good course keeping with crisp well controlled turns under normal operating 7 to 9 gives the tightest course keeping and greatest rudder activity and power consumption This can lead to a rough passage in open waters as the SPX5 Tiller system may fight the seaWARNING Dealer the Dealer calibration values can have a significant affect on the SPX5 Tiller system steering and therefore on the safety of your boat
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