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Raymarine Ais500 Installation Instructions 87112 1


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AIS500 Transceiver

Installation instructions
Trademarks and registered trademarks
Autohelm, HSB, RayTech Navigator, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited. 45STV, 60STV, AST, Autoadapt, Auto GST,
AutoSeastate, AutoTrim, Bidata, G Series, HDFI, LifeTag, Marine Intelligence, Maxiview, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, RayTalk,
Raystar, ST40, ST60+, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata, UniControl and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Copyright 2008 Raymarine UK Ltd. All rights reserved.

Document number: 87112-1
Date: November 2008
Chapter 1 Introduction ............................................. 7                 Chapter 5 Post installation procedures.................. 35
Applicability .................................................................... 7   5.1 Switching on ............................................................. 36
Safety information........................................................... 7        5.2 Configuration ............................................................ 36
General information ........................................................ 8         5.3 Checking for interference........................................... 37
Requirements for USA & Canada .................................... 9                   5.4 Using AIS ................................................................. 38
Requirements for areas outside of USA & Canada............ 11
                                                                                       Chapter 6 Diagnostics.............................................. 39
System information ......................................................... 13
                                                                                       6.1 Status indication ....................................................... 40
Chapter 2 Planning the installation ........................ 17                        6.2 Troubleshooting ........................................................ 41
2.1 EMC installation guidelines ........................................ 18
                                                                                       Chapter 7 Specifications.......................................... 43
2.2 Parts supplied........................................................... 19
                                                                                       7.1 General .................................................................... 44
2.3 Tools required ........................................................... 19
                                                                                       7.2 Transceiver............................................................... 44
2.4 Basic system ............................................................ 20
                                                                                       7.3 GPS Receiver........................................................... 45
Chapter 3 Cables & connections ............................ 23
3.1 Cable types and length .............................................. 24
3.2 Routing cables .......................................................... 24
3.3 Transceiver connections ............................................ 25
3.4 Cable shielding ......................................................... 26

Chapter 4 Installation procedures .......................... 27
4.1 Fitting transceiver...................................................... 28
4.2 Fitting GPS antenna .................................................. 29
4.3 Connecting up .......................................................... 31

Chapter 1: Introduction                                                              Warning: Ensure safe navigation
                                                                                     This product is intended only as an aid to navigation
                                                                                     and must never be used in preference to sound
Applicability                                                                        navigational judgment. Only official government
                                                                                     charts and notices to mariners contain all the current
The information in this book applies to all geographical areas unless                information needed for safe navigation, and the
otherwise stated.                                                                    captain is responsible for their prudent use. It is the
                                                                                     user's responsibility to use official government charts,
                                                                                     notices to mariners, caution and proper navigational
                                                                                     skill when operating this or any other Raymarine
Safety information                                                                   product.

               Warning: Product installation
                                                                                     Caution: Power supply protection
               This equipment must be installed in accordance with
               the Raymarine instructions provided. Failure to do so                 When installing this product ensure the power
               could result in poor product performance, personal                    source is adequately protected by means of a
               injury, and/or damage to the vessel.                                  suitably-rated fuse or automatic circuit breaker.

               Warning: Switch off power supply                          Safety Notice
               Ensure the boat's power supply is switched OFF            RF radiation statement
               before starting to install this product. Do NOT connect
                                                                         Your Raymarine AIS500 transceiver generates and radiates radio
               or disconnect equipment with the power switched on,
                                                                         frequency (RF) electromagnetic energy (EME).
               unless instructed in this document.

                                                                         Safe Compass Distance
               Warning: Potential ignition source
                                                                         Safe Compass Distance is 1 meter minimum for any compass.
               This product is NOT approved for use in                   Some compass types may require greater distances. To be sure,
               hazardous/flammable atmospheres. Do NOT install in        you should locate your transceiver as far as possible from the
               a hazardous/flammable atmosphere (such as in an           compass. Test your compass to verify proper operation while the
               engine room or near fuel tanks).                          transceiver is also operating.

Introduction                                                                                                                                    7
General information                                                   Warranty registration
                                                                      To register your AIS500 transceiver ownership, please take a few
Intended Use                                                          minutes to fill out the warranty registration card found in the box, or
                                                                      visit and register on-line.
Raymarine AIS500 is an AIS Class B transceiver, and is intended
for world wide use aboard leisure marine boats and workboats not      It is important that you register your product to receive full warranty
covered by International Maritime Organization (IMO) and Safety of    benefits. Your unit package includes a bar code label indicating the
Life at Sea (SOLAS) Carriage Regulations.                             serial number of the unit. You should stick this label to the warranty
                                                                      registration card.
            Caution: Cleaning
                                                                      Technical accuracy
            When cleaning this product do NOT use acid,
            ammonia-based or abrasive products, and do NOT            To the best of our knowledge, the information in this document was
            use high pressure washing (jet wash) equipment.           correct at the time it was produced. However, Raymarine cannot
                                                                      accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions it may contain. In
                                                                      addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change
Product disposal                                                      specifications without notice. As a result, Raymarine cannot accept
                                                                      liability for any differences between the product and this document.
Dispose of this product in accordance with the WEEE Directive.
                                                                      AIS500 installation guide
                                                                      Information scope
       The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
Directive requires the recycling of waste electrical and electronic   This document gives introductory, installation and troubleshooting
equipment. Whilst the WEEE Directive does not apply to some           information for the Raymarine Automatic Identification System Type
Raymarine products, we support its policy and ask you to be aware     500 Transceiver (AIS500) transceiver.
of how to dispose of this product.                                    Refer to the ProAIS User Manual and the operating manual for
                                                                      your Raymarine Multi-Function Display, for instructions on how to
                                                                      configure and operate your AIS system.
AIS disclaimer
                                                                      All documents are available to download as PDFs from
All information presented by the Raymarine AIS transceiver is
advisory only, as there is a risk of incomplete and erroneous
information. By placing the AIS500 into service you acknowledge
this and assume complete responsibility for any risks associated      Static data requirement
with this device, and accordingly release Raymarine and SRT
                                                                      The AIS500 transceiver needs to be correctly programmed with the
Marine Technology Ltd from any and all claims arising from the use
                                                                      following vessel data (static data) before use:
of the AIS service.

 Vessel Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number                     Raymarine AIS transceivers comply with the Federal
                                                                            Communications Commission (FCC) and Industry Canada
 Vessel name                                                               requirements that regulate marine AIS and VHF radio usage for the
 Vessel call sign                                                          US and Canada, respectively. Marine AIS users in the US must
                                                                            comply with all applicable FCC rules and regulations, some of which
 Vessel dimensions including AIS GPS antenna location                      are described in this handbook. This information was current at the
 Vessel type                                                               time this handbook was printed. Up-to date information, including
                                                                            licensing requirements, can be obtained on the FCC website at:
A MMSI number comprises 9 digits, and a full, valid 9 digit value 
must be entered in order to be accepted during setup. Any number            Official FCC forms can be obtained on the FCC website at:
that does not meet these criteria will not be accepted by the system.
All other fields (i.e. vessel type, name etc.) are optional.
If your vessel already has an MMSI number (used for a VHF DSC
radio) then the same MMSI number must be used to program the
                                                                            FCC Notice
transceiver.                                                                Compliance statement
If a valid MMSI number is not entered, the AIS500 will enter Silent         This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
Mode and will not transmit. However, it will still operate as a receiver.   subject to the following two conditions:
 Important: In the United States of America, the MMSI and                   1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
 Static Data must be entered only by a Raymarine dealer or
 other appropriately qualified installer of marine communications           2. This device must accept any interference received, including
 equipment on board vessels.The user is NOT authorized to do                   interference that may cause undesired operation.
 this.                                                                      Changes or modifications to this equipment not expressly approved
                                                                            in writing by Raymarine Incorporated could violate compliance
In Europe and other parts of the world outside of the United States         with FCC rules and void the operator's authority to operate the
of America, the MMSI and Static Data can be set up by the user.             equipment.
For further details, refer to the requirements for the area in which
you are operating .                                                         Station Licence
                                                                            FCC station license requirement
Requirements for USA & Canada                                               An FCC Ship Radio Station License and Call Sign are not required
                                                                            for most recreational vessels travelling in US waters. However, you
                                                                            must obtain a license if your vessel travels to foreign ports.
Important information                                                       Ships that use MF/HF single side-band radio, satellite
AIS500 conforms to the relevant FCC requirements                            communications, or telegraphy must be licensed by the FCC. You

Introduction                                                                                                                                   9
can obtain a Station License by filing FCC Form 605, which is            Output Power: 2 Watts
available from the FCC website listed above.
                                                                         Modulation: GMSK

Operator License                                                         Frequency Range: 156.025 to 162.025 MHz

FCC operator license requirement
An Operator License is not required to operate a Class B AIS
Transceiver within US territorial waters. However, a license is         Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)
required to operate the transceiver if you dock in a foreign port       A nine-digit Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number is
(including Canada and Mexico) or leave a foreign port to dock in a      required to operate the AIS500 transceiver.
US. port. You can request a Restricted Radiotelephone Operator
Permit from the FCC by filing Form 753.                                  Note: You can request an MMSI number from the FCC when
                                                                         you apply for a Station License. If your vessel does not require
Industry Canada                                                          a license, you may obtain an MMSI by contacting BoatUS
                                                                         ( Once obtained, you can program the MMSI
Industry Canada license requirement                                      number into your AIS500 as described in the documentation
You do not need a license to operate this transceiver within             accompanying the transceiver.
sovereign waters of Canada or the US. You will need a license to
operate this radio outside of Canada or the US. To obtain Industry
Canada licensing information, contact the nearest field or regional     Programming the MMSI & static data
office, or write:
                                                                         Important: In the United States of America, it is a violation of the
      Industry Canada Radio Regulatory Branch                            rules of the Federal Communications Commission to input an
                                                                         MMSI that has not been properly assigned to the end user or to
      Attention: DOSP                                                    otherwise input any inaccurate data in this device. The MMSI
      300 Slater Street                                                  and Static Data must be entered only by a Raymarine dealer or
                                                                         other appropriately qualified installer of marine communications
      Ottawa, Ontario                                                    equipment on board vessels. Instructions for entering the MMSI
      Canada, KIA OC8                                                    and static data are given in the documentation on the CDROM
                                                                         supplied with the AIS500 transceiver.
The following information about the radio is required to complete the
license application:                                                    Once static data has been programmed, you must not change
                                                                        it. If the information programmed is no longer correct, contact
 Industry Canada Certification Number: 4069B-AIS500                    the Raymarine help desk or the dealer or retailer from whom you
 FCC Type Number: PJ5AIS500                                           purchased the transceiver, to arrange reprogramming.

 FCC Type Accepted: Parts 15 and 80

Antenna Mounting & EME Exposure                                           Requirements for areas outside of USA
This system has a Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) Radius of            & Canada
1.5 meters (per OET Bulletin 65), assuming the maximum power of
the radio and antennas with a maximum gain of 3 dBi. Accounting
for the height of an average adult (2 meters) the minimum height
                                                                          Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)
of the antenna above the deck to meet RF exposure compliance              A nine-digit Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number is
requirements is 3.5 meters. Do not operate the transceiver when           required to operate the AIS500 Transceiver. In some areas, a radio
anyone is within the MPE radius of the antenna, unless shielded           operator licence is required before an MMSI number will be issued.
from the antenna field by a grounded metallic barrier.                    You can request an MMSI number from same agency that issues
                                                                          radio or Ship Radio licences in your area. Once obtained, you can
               Warning: Maximum Permissible                               program the MMSI number into your AIS500 as described in the
                                                                          documentation on the CDROM supplied with the AIS500 transceiver.
               Failure to observe these guidelines may expose those       Antenna Mounting & EME Exposure
               within the maximum permissible exposure (MPE)
               radius to RF radiation absorption that exceeds the         For optimal radio performance and minimal human exposure to
               FCC MPE limit. It is the radio operator's responsibility   radio frequency electromagnetic energy, make sure the antenna is:
               to ensure that no one comes within this radius.             connected to the radio before transmitting
               For optimal radio performance and minimal human             properly mounted
               exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy,
               make sure the antenna is:                                   located where it will be away from people

                connected to the radio before transmitting                located at least 1.5 metres (5 feet) from the radio's main unit

                located where it will be away from people
                                                                          List of Countries
                located at least 1.5 meters (5 feet) from the radio's
                                                                          In Europe, the AIS500 transceiver may be used in the following
                 main unit

                                                                           Austria              Liechtenstein
                                                                           Belgium              Lithuania
                                                                           Bulgaria             Luxembourg
                                                                           Croatia              Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of
                                                                           Cyprus               Malta

Introduction                                                                                                                                  11
 Czech Republic   Netherlands      Declaration of Conformity
 Denmark          Norway
 Estonia          Poland
 Finland          Portugal
 France           Romania
 Germany          Slovakia
 Greece           Slovenia
 Hungary          Spain
 Iceland          Sweden
 Ireland          Switzerland
 Italy            Turkey
 Latvia           United Kingdom

System information                                                     Class A Transceivers
                                                                       Class A AIS transceivers transmit and receive AIS signals. AIS
               Warning: AIS limitation                                 transceivers are currently mandatory on all commercial vessels
                                                                       exceeding 300 tons that travel internationally (SOLAS vessels).
               Never assume that your AIS is detecting all vessels
               in the area. Always exercise due prudence and do        The following information can be transmitted by a Class A AIS
               not use AIS as a substitute for sound navigational      system:
                                                                        Static data. Includes information such as vessel name, vessel
                                                                         type, MMSI number, call sign, IMO number, length, beam and
                                                                         GPS antenna location.
                                                                        Voyage related data. Includes information such as draft, cargo,
The AIS500 uses digital radio signals to exchange 'real-time'            destination, ETA and other relevant information.
information between vessels and shore based stations on dedicated
VHF frequencies. This information is used to identify and track         Dynamic data. Includes information such as time (UTC), ship's
vessels in the surrounding area and to provide fast, automatic and       position, COG, SOG, heading, rate of turn and navigational status.
accurate collision avoidance data.
                                                                        Dynamic reports. Ship's speed and status.
Although AIS augments your radar application by operating in radar
blind spots and detecting smaller AIS-fitted vessels, it does not       Messages. Alarms and safety messages.
replace radar, as it relies on receiving transmitted AIS information   Remember that not all vessels will transmit all of the information.
and therefore cannot detect objects such as landmasses and
navigational beacons.                                                  Class B Transceivers
NEVER assume that AIS is displaying information from all vessels       Class B AIS transceivers transmit and receive AIS signals, but use
in the area, because:                                                  a reduced set of data compared to Class A (see Data Summary). A
 Not all vessels are fitted with AIS                                  Class B AIS transceiver can be fitted on any vessel not fitted with a
                                                                       Class A transceiver, but is not mandatory aboard any vessel.
 Although it is mandatory for larger commercial vessels to carry
                                                                       Your AIS500 transceiver is a Class B transceiver.
  AIS, it is not mandatory to use it.
AIS should be used only to augment radar information, not substitute   Data Summary
                                                                                            Class A           Class B          Class B
                                                                        Data                (receive)          (send)          (receive)
Classes of AIS
                                                                        Ship's name            Yes               Yes               Yes
Your AIS500 is a transceiver that receives messages from and
transmits messages to vessels carrying Class A or Class B               Type                   Yes               Yes               Yes

Introduction                                                                                                                                 13
                    Class A         Class B         Class B        Data reporting intervals
 Data               (receive)        (send)         (receive)      AIS information is classed as either static or dynamic. Static
 Call sign             Yes             Yes             Yes         information is broadcast, when data has been amended, or upon
                                                                   request, or by default, every 6 minutes.
 IMO number            Yes             No              No          The reporting rates for dynamic information depend on speed and
                                                                   course change, and are given in the following tables.
 Length and beam       Yes             Yes             Yes
                                                                    Note: The reporting rates shown here are for reference and
 Antenna location      Yes             Yes             Yes          may not be the rate at which information is actually received
 Draft                 Yes             No              No           by an AIS500 Transceiver. This is dependent on a number of
                                                                    factors, including but not limited to antenna height, gain and
 Cargo                 Yes             Yes             Yes          signal interference.
 Destination           Yes             No              No          Class A systems

 ETA                   Yes             No              No           Ships Dynamic Conditions            Reporting rate

 Time                  Yes             Yes             Yes          At anchor or moored                 3 Minutes

 Ship's position       Yes             Yes             Yes          0-14 knots                          10 Seconds

 COG                   Yes             Yes             Yes          0-14 knots and changing course      31/3 Seconds

 SOG                   Yes             Yes             Yes          14-23 knots                         6 Seconds

 Gyro heading          Yes            Yes*             Yes          14-23 knots and changing course     2 seconds

 Rate of turn          Yes             No              No           Faster than 23 knots                2 seconds

 Navigational          Yes             No              No           Faster than 23 knots and changing   2 seconds
 status                                                             course

 Safety message        Yes             No              Yes         Class B systems

 *Class B transceivers do not transmit a Gyro heading unless the    Ships Dynamic Conditions            Reporting rate
 transceiver is receiving an NMEA HDT sentence from an external     0 to 2 knots                        3 Minutes
                                                                    Above 2 knots                       30 Seconds

Other AIS sources
 Source                             Reporting rate
 Search and Rescue (SAR) aircraft   10 seconds
 Aids to navigation                 3 minutes
 AIS base station                   10 seconds or 3.33 seconds,
                                    depending on operating parameters

Introduction                                                            15
Chapter 2: Planning the installation

Chapter contents
     2.1 EMC installation guidelines on page 18
     2.2 Parts supplied on page 19
     2.3 Tools required on page 19
     2.4 Basic system on page 20

Planning the installation                          17
2.1 EMC installation guidelines                                        Suppression ferrites
                                                                       Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate
                                                                       are important for correct EMC performance. If a ferrite has to be
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) regulations, to minimize
                                                                       removed for any purpose (e.g. installation or maintenance), it must
electromagnetic interference between equipment and minimize the
                                                                       be replaced in the original position before the product is used.
effect such interference could have on the performance of your
system                                                                 Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine
                                                                       authorized dealers.
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is
not compromised.
For optimum EMC performance we recommend that wherever                 Connections to other equipment
possible:                                                              Requirement for ferrites on non-Raymarine cables
 Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are:                  If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment
                                                                       using a cable not supplied by Raymarine, a suppression ferrite
      At least 1 m (3 ft) from any equipment transmitting or cables   MUST always be attached to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
       carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas.
       In the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased
       to 7 ft (2 m).
      More than 2 m (7 ft) from the path of a radar beam. A radar
       beam can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above
       and below the radiating element.
 The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used
  for engine start. This is important to prevent erratic behavior
  and data loss which can occur if the engine start does not have
  a separate battery.
 Raymarine specified cables are used.
 Cables are not cut or extended, unless doing so is detailed in
  the installation manual.

 Note: Where constraints on the installation prevent any of
 the above recommendations, always ensure the maximum
 possible separation between different items of electrical
 equipment, to provide the best conditions for EMC performance
 throughout the installation

2.2 Parts supplied                                                                                       2.3 Tools required
Check all parts are present.                                                                             Ensure you have these tools before starting installation.
             AIS500Transceiver                                                  GPS Antenna

                                                                            Thumb                                                                              1/4" (3.2mm)
                                            AIS                            nuts (x 2)                                                                          Drill bit

                                                                          studs (x 2)


    No 8 Screws (x 4)                             3.2 ft (1. m)
                                                              AIS to VHF
                                                                       Antenna connector cable

                            CATION SYSTEM

              AIS500 Transceiver

              Installation instructions


Installation instructions                         Warranty document             CDROM

Planning the installation                                                                                                                                                         19
2.4 Basic system                                                                                        AIS500 dimensions

                                                                                                                                                                                (88 mm) (41.8 mm)
The following illustration shows a basic AIS500 system.

                                                                                                                                                                                          1.65 in
                                                                                                        7.37 in (187.2 mm)

                                                                                                                                                                                 3.46 in
                                                                 Boat's existing GPS                                                                      AIS
     GPS antenna supplied                                        antenna (typical)                                                                        500
                                                           's existing
                                                        VHF antenna

                                AIS500                                                PAGE

                                                                                                                                                    9.96 in (252.9 mm)




                                                                                                                               2.43 in
                                                                                                                             (61.7 mm)

                 RF                                                          OK      CAN


                                                                                                                                                     9.51 in (241.6 mm)
                  SeaTalkng                  Power in
                                                                         SeaTalk                                                                    10.76 in (273.3 mm)
            NMEA0183                                     (38.4 baud)
            (4.8 baud)

                                                                                                                                   Compass minimum safe distance: 39 in (1 m)

                                                                                                        Site requirements
                                                                                                        When planning the installation, take the following site requirements
                                                                                                        for the AIS500 transceiver and GPS antenna, into account.

AIS500 transceiver                                                      The loss values for the inbuilt splitter are given in the Specification
This product is NOT approved for use in hazardous/flammable
atmospheres. Do NOT install in a hazardous/flammable atmosphere         GPS antenna requirement
(such as in an engine room or near fuel tanks).
                                                                        A GPS antenna is supplied with the transceiver and must be
The AIS500 transceiver must be fitted in a location where it is not     installed in accordance with the instructions given here. Do NOT
likely to be stepped on or tripped over, and which:                     connect any other GPS antenna to the AIS500 transceiver.
 Is close enough to allow connection to the boat's VHF set with the    The GPS antenna can be mounted either on a flat horizontal surface
  3 ft (1 m) RF cable supplied.                                         or on a suitable pole.
 Is at least 3 ft (1 m) from an engine, compass or any magnetic         If you intend surface mounting the antenna, ensure you have
  device.                                                                 access to the underside of the mounting surface.
 Has at least 6 in (100 mm) of clear space below, to allow access       If you intend pole-mounting the antenna, the pole needs a 1 inch
  for cabling and adequate cable bends.                                   14 TPI thread.
 Is maintained at a temperature between 10C (14F) and 55C
  (130F).                                                               Important: The main requirement of the intended location for the
                                                                         GPS antenna is that it gives a good direct line of site to the entire
 Is maintained in a dry condition and where there is no likelihood      sky, right around the horizon.
  of the transceiver being splashed.
                                                                        Ensure that the intended mounting location is:
 Does NOT have a flammable or hazardous atmosphere.
                                                                         Open and clear of any obstructions (such as masts, search lights,
Power supply                                                              or other structures) that could block line-of-sight to the sky.
The AIS500 transceiver requires a 12 V dc or 24 V dc power supply,
                                                                         As low as possible, to keep the antenna as stable as possible.
typically from a circuit breaker on the boat's power panel or from a
                                                                          The more stable the unit, the more effectively it will track satellites
fuse block near the transceiver.
                                                                          and provide stable data.
VHF antenna requirement                                                  As far as possible (at least 1 m (3 ft)) from other antennae and
The AIS500 transceiver requires inputs from both GPS and VHF              electronic equipment.
antenna.                                                                Do NOT mount the antenna:
The AIS500 transceiver has an inbuilt VHF splitter to enable
you to connect your existing VHF antenna directly to the AIS500          In any area where it could be stepped on or tripped over
transceiver, then route the split signal from the transceiver to your    Up a mast. This will cause the antenna to swing and give
VHF set. This may cause some degradation of performance of your           significant errors in position data
VHF set. If the level of degradation is unacceptable, we recommend
you use separate VHF antennae for the AIS500 and the VHF set.            In the direct path of a radar beam.

Planning the installation                                                                                                                     21
SeaTalkng requirement
A fitted SeaTalkng connector enables you to connect the AIS500
transceiver to SeaTalkng, aboard vessels on which the multi-function
displays are connected via SeaTalkng.
Before connecting to SeaTalkng, refer to the SeaTalkng Reference
Manual, and ensure that with this product connected, the maximum
permitted Load Equivalence Number (LEN) value for the system will
not be exceeded.
Note that the AIS500 transceiver has a SeaTalkng LEN value of 1.

Chapter 3: Cables & connections

Chapter contents
    3.1 Cable types and length on page 24
    3.2 Routing cables on page 24
    3.3 Transceiver connections on page 25
    3.4 Cable shielding on page 26

Cables & connections                          23
3.1 Cable types and length                                          3.2 Routing cables
It is important to use cables of the appropriate type and length    Cables must be routed correctly, to maximize performance and
                                                                    prolong cable life.
 Unless otherwise stated use only standard cables of the correct
  type, supplied by Raymarine.                                       Do NOT bend cables excessively. Wherever possible, ensure a
                                                                      minimum bend radius of 100 mm.
 Ensure that any non-Raymarine cables are of the correct quality
  and gauge. For example, longer power cable runs may require
  larger wire gauges to minimize voltage drop along the run.
                                                                         Minimum bend
                                                                         200 mm (8 in)
                                                                                                        Minimum bend of cable
                                                                                                        100 mm (4 in) radius

                                                                     Protect all cables from physical damage and exposure to heat.
                                                                      Use trunking or conduit where possible. Do NOT run cables
                                                                      through bilges or doorways, or close to moving or hot objects.
                                                                     Secure cables in place using tie-wraps or lacing twine. Coil any
                                                                      extra cable and tie it out of the way.
                                                                     Where a cable passes through an exposed bulkhead or deckhead,
                                                                      use a suitable watertight feed-through.
                                                                     Do NOT run cables near to engines or fluorescent lights.
                                                                    Always route data cables as far away as possible from:
                                                                     other equipment and cables,
                                                                     high current carrying ac and dc power lines,

3.3 Transceiver connections                                                 RF connections
                                                                            In a typical AIS500 system:
The transceiver has attached cables to provide connections to:
                                                                             The boat's existing VHF antenna connects to the ANTENNA
 Power supply
                                                                              connector on the AIS500 transceiver.
 NMEA0183, 4800 baud                                                        The supplied 1 m RF cable connects the antenna connector on
 NMEA0183, 38400 baud                                                        the boat's existing VHF set, to the VHF RADIO connector on the
                                                                              AIS500 transceiver.
                                                                            If this arrangement results in unacceptable degradation of the
 SeaTalkng                                                                 performance of the VHF radio, separate antennae should be used
                                                                            for the AIS500 transceiver and the VHF radio. In this case, the
                                                                            supplied 1 m RF cable is not used and the VHF RADIO connector
                                                                            on the AIS500 transceiver remains unconnected.
                                                                            Note that when the AIS500 transceiver transmits, there is a very
                                                                            brief interruption to the boat's VHF receive function. This may
                        AIS             AIS500Transceiver                   be noticeable during when a long, continuous broadcast is being

                                                                            GPS connections
                                                                            The GPS supplied as part of the AIS500 system has a fitted 10 m
                                                                            (33 ft) cable to connect to the AIS500 transceiver GPS connector.

                                                                            NMEA connections
                                                                            The AIS500 transceiver has a fitted cable which provides prepared,
                                                                            bare-wire NMEA0183 connections at both 4800 baud and
                                                                            38400 baud rates, as follows:
                       NMEA0183                             ng
                                                                             Wire color                       NMEA0183 Function
                                                                             Green                            4800 baud receive -
                                                                             White                            4800 baud receive +
                                                                 D11640-1    Brown                            4800 baud transmit -

Cables & connections                                                                                                                            25
 Wire color                        NMEA0183 Function                  3.4 Cable shielding
 Yellow                            4800 baud transmit +               Ensure that all data cables are properly shielded that the cable
 Orange with green stripe          38400 baud receive -               shielding is intact (e.g. hasn't been scraped off by being squeezed
                                                                      through a tight area).
 Orange with white stripe          38400 baud receive +
 Orange with brown stripe          38400 baud transmit -
 Orange with yellow stripe         38400 baud transmit +

A multiplexer built into the transceiver manages both 4800 and
38400 baud rates. This feature effectively frees up an NMEA port
on your multi-function display (MFD). if only one NMEA0183 port
exists on your equipment, the multiplexer eliminates the need for a
separate multiplexer.
Typically the NMEA0183 connections are used as follows:
 The 4800 baud wires connect to the appropriate points on the
  VHF radio or other NMEA0183 4800 baud input/output device.
 The 38400 baud wires connect to appropriate Raymarine MFDs.
  The NMEA0183 port on each MFD connected in this manner
  must be set to 38400 baud.

Chapter 4: Installation procedures

Chapter contents
    4.1 Fitting transceiver on page 28
    4.2 Fitting GPS antenna on page 29
    4.3 Connecting up on page 31

Installation procedures                   27
4.1 Fitting transceiver
Ensure that the intended installation site meets the conditions
described under Site requirements, mark and drill the mounting
holes, then fit the transceiver as shown in the following illustrations.

 Note: This procedure shows how to mount the transceiver
 vertically, which is the recommended method. However, you may
 mount it horizontally if necessary.
 Note: If you are fitting the transceiver to fiberglass that has                                              l
 a gelcoat surface, overdrill the surface to prevent the gelcoat                     x4

 from damage when securing the screws. Before drilling the pilot
 holes, hand drill the marked locations with an oversized bit and               2.
 countersink to approximately 9.5 mm (3/8 in) diameter.
                                                                                                  1               2   3
                                                                                           6m    um





4.2 Fitting GPS antenna                                                       A                              B
To fit the GPS antenna:
1. Select a suitable location for the GPS antenna as described
   under Site requirements.
2. Fit your GPS antenna using either the Surface mounting or Pole             2                          3
   mounting procedure, as appropriate.                                                                                                   3
3. Ensuring the conditions in Running cables are fulfilled, run the
   GPS antenna cable to the AIS transceiver.

Surface mounting
When surface mounting the GPS antenna, you can route the cable
either centrally (Option A) or from the side of the antenna (Option B).
                                                                              4                               4
1. Use the template supplied in this handbook to mark the two

   6 mm (0.25 in) mounting holes.
                                                                              op view                        Underside view
     OPTION A: If the cable is going to pass through the mounting
                                                                          2. Screw the two mounting studs (2) into the underside of the
      surface drill a 19 mm (0.75 in) center hole.
     OPTION B: If the cable is to be routed from the side of the         3. Stick the supplied gasket (3) to the mounting surface, ensuring
      receiver (i.e. above the mounting surface), remove the two             that the holes on the gasket correspond with the drilled holes.
      plastic tabs (1) obstructing the cable channel. If you do not       4. Route the cable as follows:
      remove these tabs before using the cable channel, you could
      damage the cable.                                                       For Option A, feed the cable down through the center hole.
                                                                              For Option B, route the cable along the cable exit channel.
                                                                          5. Carefully place the receiver so the mounting studs pass through
                                                                             the holes in the mounting surface.
                                                                          6. Secure the receiver to the surface using the two thumb nuts (4).

                                                                          Pole mounting
                                                                          If you want to pole-mount the GPS antenna, obtain a pole of suitable
                                                                          length with a 1 inch 14 TPI thread.

Installation procedures                                                                                                                             29
                                                                         5. Ensuring you do not trap the cable, place the GPS antenna on
                                                                            the pole mount adaptor so the screw holes align, then secure the
        Antenna                                                             antenna with the 2 screws retained at step 2.

                            A                B

Pole mount adaptor


1. Ensuring that the Site requirements are met, securely attach the
   pole to a suitable, secure point.
2. Remove and retain the screws securing the GPS antenna from
   the pole mount adaptor, then separate these two items.
3. Screw the pole mount adaptor fully onto the pole and ensure
   it is secure on the pole.
4. Route the antenna cable as follows:
   i. If you want to route the antenna cable directly down from
        the antenna (option A), feed it through the center of the pole
        mount adaptor and then down through the pole.
   ii. If you want to route the antenna cable out of the side of the
        antenna (option B), remove the two plastic tabs from the
        cable channel, then feed the cable along the channel.

4.3 Connecting up                                                           The transceiver will not transmit, but will still receive.

Carry out the following procedures to connect up the AIS500 system:
                                                                            Connecting to VHF
 Connecting GPS                                                            Ensure power to the ship's VHF set is switched off, then connect
 Connecting to VHF                                                         the AIS500 transceiver by carrying out the Connecting RF and the
                                                                            Connecting NMEA (low baud rate) procedures.
 Connecting to multi-function displays
                                                                            Connecting RF
 Connecting power
                                                                            At the AIS500 transceiver:
                Warning: Switch off power supply
                                                                            1. Connect the cable from the existing VHF antenna to the
                Ensure the boat's power supply is switched OFF                 ANTENNA connector.
                before starting to install this product. Do NOT connect     2. Using the 1 m (3 ft) RF cable supplied, connect the VHF RADIO
                or disconnect equipment with the power switched on,            connector to the antenna connector on the boat's VHF set.
                unless instructed in this document.

                                                                                                 S TATUS
Connecting GPS                                                                     POWER D ATA
                                                                                           AT              GPS     VHF RADIO        ANTENNA

Connect the cable from the GPS antenna to the GPS connector on
the underside of the AIS transceiver.

                       S TATUS                                                                                                                D11645-1
         POWER D ATA
                 AT              GPS   VHF RADIO       ANTENNA

                                                                            Connecting NMEA0183 (low baud rate)
                                                                            Connect the AIS500 transceiver 4800 baud NMEA0183 bus to the
                                                                            ship's VHF as follows:
                                                                            1. Identify the 4800 baud NMEA0183 wires from the AIS500
If the GPS antenna is not connected, the transceiver will operate
in Silent Mode and an alarm message will be generated. You must
acknowledge all alarm messages.

Installation procedures                                                                                                                                  31

                                       Receive   NMEA0183
                               White             4800 baud
                                      Transmit   Connect to
                               Yellow Transmit   boat's VHF                                            Orange & green
                                                                                                                        Receive   NMEA0183
                                                                                                       Orange & white
                                                                                                                      Receive     38400 baud
                                                                                                       Orange & brown
                                                                                                                      Transmit    Connect to
                                                                                                       Orange & yellow
                                                                                                                      Transmit    MFD


2. Connect these wires to the appropriate points on the ships VHF.                                                                       D11647-1

                                                                         2. Connect these wires to the appropriate points on the boat's
Connecting to multi-function displays                                       38400 baud, NMEA0183 system.
Data is transferred between the AIS500 transceiver and the               Connect using SeaTalkng
associated Raymarine multi-function display(s) using either
NMEA0183 (at 38400 baud) or SeaTalkng.                                    Important: Do not connect to a Raymarine SeaTalkng system,
Ensure power to the multi-function displays is switched off, then         if this will cause the maximum permitted SeaTalkng Load
connect the AIS500 transceiver by carrying out either the Connect         Equivalence Number (LEN) value for the system to be exceeded
using NMEA0183 OR the Connect using SeaTalkng procedure.                  (see Site Requirements).

Connect using NMEA0183 (high baud rate)
                                                                         If your multi-function displays are connected to a SeaTalkng system,
If your multi-function displays are NOT connected to a SeaTalkng         connect the AIS500 transceiver SeaTalkng connector to SeaTalkng
system, connect the AIS500 transceiver 38400 baud, NMEA0183              as follows:
bus to the boat's 38400 baud, NMEA0183 system as follows:
                                                                         1. Identify the AIS500 transceiver SeaTalkng connector.
1. Identify the 38400 baud, NMEA0183 wires from the AIS500

                                                                                          +VE bar                                      -VE bar

                                                                                              Where possible, connect individual items of
                                                                                              equipment to individual circuit breakers.
                                                                                              Where this not possible, use individual in-line
                                                                                              fuses to provide the necessary protection.

                                                                                                    Circuit breaker

                                        SeaTalk   spur
                                        Connect to boat's SeaT
                                                             alk  system

2. Connect to a convenient point on the    SeaTalkng   system.
                                                                                                             Fuse       Fuse

Connecting power

Power supply protection                                                       Power connection procedure
Always protect the power supply by connecting the red (positive)              The use of crimped and soldered lugs is recommended, to provide
wire to the supply via a 5 A fuse or equivalent automatic circuit             optimum connection to the power source.
                                                                              Connect the AIS500 transceiver power cable to either a 12 V dc or
Sharing a breaker                                                             24 V dc power source as follows:
The text within the illustration has been updated for clarity                 1. Ensuring the intended power source is switched off, connect the
                                                                                 red wire via a 5 A fuse or equivalent automatic circuit breaker
Where more than 1 piece of equipment shares a breaker you must
                                                                                 to the supply positive terminal.
provide protection for the individual circuits. E.g. by connecting an
in-line fuse for each power circuit.                                          2. Connect the black wire to the supply negative terminal.

Installation procedures                                                                                                                          33
             Power supply   Connect to
                            12 V dc, or
     Black   Power supply   24 V dc


Chapter 5: Post installation procedures

Chapter contents
    5.1 Switching on on page 36
    5.2 Configuration on page 36
    5.3 Checking for interference on page 37
    5.4 Using AIS on page 38

Post installation procedures                    35
5.1 Switching on                                                        5.2 Configuration
When the installation is complete, observe the STATUS indicator                       Warning: Configure before use
                                                                                      This Raymarine product must be correctly configured,
1. Switch on power to the AIS500 transceiver.                                         to ensure optimum performance and minimize the
2. Check that:                                                                        chances of unsafe or other erroneous data.
   i. When power is first applied, the STATUS indicator flashes
       RED twice, then after a few seconds shows AMBER.
   ii. After a time (up to 2 minutes) the indicator changes to green.   Configuration requirement
       This indicates the AIS500 transceiver is operating normally.
                                                                        After installation and successful switch on, the AIS500 transceiver
                                                                        must be configured for optimum performance aboard the vessel.
                                                                        The person configuring the AIS500 needs to know the following
                                                                        vessel information:
                                                                         MMSI number
                                                                         Call sign
                                                                         GPS antenna position
                                                                        The manner in which configuration is carried out depends on the
                                                                        legal requirements of the geographical area you are.

                                                                         Important: Before starting any AIS configuration procedure,
                                                                         SWITCH OFF all associated multi-function displays (MFDs),
                                                                         otherwise you will not be able to correctly configure your AIS500

                                                                        In the USA, it is a legal requirement that the configuration is
                                                                        performed by a suitable dealer.

You can use the supplied ProAIS PC software, to check the vessel      5.3 Checking for interference
data programmed into your AIS500. If this information is incorrect
please contact your Raymarine dealer before using the transceiver.    Post installation check

Areas outside of USA                                                  If you have installed any system aboard a boat or made other
                                                                      changes to the boat's electronic systems (radar, VHF radio etc.),
In areas outside of the USA, use the supplied ProAIS PC software to   you need to check before casting off, that all electrical systems
configure your AIS500 transceiver, as described in the instructions   operate satisfactorily without any undue electrical interference,
provided in the ProAIS User Guide.                                    in order to conform with Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC)
                                                                      regulations. To do this:
                                                                      1. Ensuring it is safe to do so, turn on all electronic systems aboard
                                                                         the boat.
                                                                      2. Check that the electronic systems all operate satisfactorily.

Post installation procedures                                                                                                              37
5.4 Using AIS
The exact method of using AIS depends on which type of Raymarine
multi-function display (MFD) you are using.
Refer to the handbook for your MFD for information on using AIS.

Chapter 6: Diagnostics

Chapter contents
    6.1 Status indication on page 40
    6.2 Troubleshooting on page 41

Diagnostics                             39
6.1 Status indication                                                                    BLUE (continuous)   Running in Silent Mode

The current operating status of the AIS500 transceiver is shown by                       BLUE (flash)        Each time AIS data is received
a STATUS LED on the bottom of the unit.                                                  RED                 Fault condition. Refer to the Troubleshooting section

                       S TATUS
         POWER D ATA
                 AT                GPS           VHF RADIO          ANTENNA

When power is switched on, the STATUS indicator flashes RED
twice, then after a few seconds it goes to AMBER.
The amber condition continues while the transceiver acquires a GPS
fix then transmits a position report. This can take up to 2 minutes.
When the first position report has been transmitted, the STATUS
indicator goes to GREEN. This condition remains all the time the
AIS500 transceiver is operating normally
A summary of STATUS indicator colors is as follows:

 Color                           Status
 GREEN                           AIS500 transceiver is operating normally
 AMBER                           Either:
                                  The AIS500 transceiver is starting up, or
                                  The AIS500 transceiver has not transmitted for
                                   more than 2 reporting periods. This could be due to
                                   high AIS traffic or loss of GPS fix.

6.2 Troubleshooting                                                                 Status indicator      Wait at least 30 minutes to check that a 'Quiet time' has
                                                                                    remains amber         not been requested by the local authority
 Issue               Action                                                                               Check that the:
 No power            Check:                                                                                GPS antenna is properly connected
                      All power connections                                                               GPS antenna has a clear view of the sky, without any
                      Check relevant fuses
                                                                                                           MMSI number has been properly configured (use the
                      That power supply is at the correct voltage (12 V or 24 V)                           proAIS application)
 AIS configuration   Switch off all associated multi-function displays (MFDs),      Status indicator is   Check that:
 data is not saved   then re-configure                                              red
                                                                                                           The VHF antenna is properly connected and in particular
 No data             Check that:                                                                            it is not short circuiting to the vessel structure
                      Connections are secure throughout the system                                        That power supply is at the correct voltage (12 V or 24 V)
                      The VHF aerial lead is securely connected and that you                              The MMSI number has been properly configured (use
                       can send and receive VHF radio information                                           the proAIS application)
 No vessel data      At the relevant Raymarine multi function display:
                      Place the cursor over the targeted vessel and ensure
                       the AIS DATA soft key is not set to OFF
                      Ensure the AIS layer is set to ON
                      Ensure displayed target types are set to ALL
 No AIS data         Check the NMEA output from the multi-function displays to
                     the AIS500 input, and ensure:
                      The wires are correctly connected
                      The baud rate is 38400 baud

Diagnostics                                                                                                                                                           41
Chapter 7: Specifications

Chapter contents
    7.1 General on page 44
    7.2 Transceiver on page 44
    7.3 GPS Receiver on page 45

Specifications                     43
7.1 General                                                                      7.2 Transceiver
 Waterproofing               IPX2                                                Operating frequency range   156.025 MHz to 162.025 MHz
 Operating temperature       -10C to +55 C (14F to 131F)                     Channel spacing             25 kHz
                                                                                 Receivers                   2 receivers
 Storage temperature         -20C to +75 C (-4F to 167F)
 range                                                                           Receiver sensitivity        <-107 dBm

 Humidity                    Up to 95% at 35 non-condensing                     Transmitter                 1 transmitter

 Power supply voltage        12 V to 24 V dc, reverse polarity protected         Transmitter output power    2 W (33 dBm)

 Supply current at 12 V dc   Nominal: 0.62 A                                     Transceiver standard        Class B 'CS' AIS to IEC62287-1
                             Peak (during transmit): 2.1 A
 Size                        273.3 mm x 187.2 mm x 61.7 mm (10.76 in x 7.37 in
                             x 2.43 in)
 Weight                      1.19 kg (2.63 lb)
 Mounting                    Four keyholed mounting tabs and mounting screws
 Connectors                  VHF antenna  SO-239
                             VHF In  BNC
                             GPS In  TNC
                             PC RS232  9 Way D Type
                             NMEA0183 HS  stripped wires
                             NMEA0183 LS  stripped wires
                             Power  stripped wires
                             SeaTalkng - proprietary Raymarine connector
 NMEA sentences              !AIVDO, !AIVDM, !AIALR, and !AITXT
  With NMEA GPS             $GPGLL, $GPGGA, $GPVTG, $GPGSV, $GPGSA,
   output ON                 $GPZDA, $GPRMC, and $GPGBS
 VHF splitter losses         Receive: less than 4 dB
                             Transmit: less than 1 dB

7.3 GPS Receiver
 Receiver channels           16
 Receiver sensitivity        Acquisition -140 dBm
                             Tracking -150 dBm
 Nominal Time to First Fix   34 seconds

Specifications                                      45

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