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AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM
Trademarks and registered trademarks
Autohelm, HSB, RayTech Navigator, Sail Pilot, SeaTalk and Sportpilot are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
Pathfinder and Raymarine are UK registered trademarks of Raymarine Holdings Limited. 45STV, 60STV, AST, Autoadapt, Auto GST,
AutoSeastate, AutoTrim, Bidata, G Series, HDFI, LifeTag, Marine Intelligence, Maxiview, On Board, Raychart, Raynav, Raypilot, RayTalk,
Raystar, ST40, ST60+, Seaclutter, Smart Route, Tridata, UniControl and Waypoint Navigation are trademarks of Raymarine UK Limited.
All other product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Copyright ©2008 Raymarine UK Ltd. All rights reserved.
Document number: 87112-1
Date: November 2008
Chapter 1 Introduction ............................................. 7 Chapter 5 Post installation procedures.................. 35
Applicability .................................................................... 7 5.1 Switching on ............................................................. 36
Safety information........................................................... 7 5.2 Configuration ............................................................ 36
General information ........................................................ 8 5.3 Checking for interference........................................... 37
Requirements for USA & Canada .................................... 9 5.4 Using AIS ................................................................. 38
Requirements for areas outside of USA & Canada............ 11
Chapter 6 Diagnostics.............................................. 39
System information ......................................................... 13
6.1 Status indication ....................................................... 40
Chapter 2 Planning the installation ........................ 17 6.2 Troubleshooting ........................................................ 41
2.1 EMC installation guidelines ........................................ 18
Chapter 7 Specifications.......................................... 43
2.2 Parts supplied........................................................... 19
7.1 General .................................................................... 44
2.3 Tools required ........................................................... 19
7.2 Transceiver............................................................... 44
2.4 Basic system ............................................................ 20
7.3 GPS Receiver........................................................... 45
Chapter 3 Cables & connections ............................ 23
3.1 Cable types and length .............................................. 24
3.2 Routing cables .......................................................... 24
3.3 Transceiver connections ............................................ 25
3.4 Cable shielding ......................................................... 26
Chapter 4 Installation procedures .......................... 27
4.1 Fitting transceiver...................................................... 28
4.2 Fitting GPS antenna .................................................. 29
4.3 Connecting up .......................................................... 31
Chapter 1: Introduction Warning: Ensure safe navigation
This product is intended only as an aid to navigation
and must never be used in preference to sound
Applicability navigational judgment. Only official government
charts and notices to mariners contain all the current
The information in this book applies to all geographical areas unless information needed for safe navigation, and the
otherwise stated. captain is responsible for their prudent use. It is the
user's responsibility to use official government charts,
notices to mariners, caution and proper navigational
skill when operating this or any other Raymarine
Safety information product.
Warning: Product installation
Caution: Power supply protection
This equipment must be installed in accordance with
the Raymarine instructions provided. Failure to do so When installing this product ensure the power
could result in poor product performance, personal source is adequately protected by means of a
injury, and/or damage to the vessel. suitably-rated fuse or automatic circuit breaker.
Warning: Switch off power supply Safety Notice
Ensure the boat's power supply is switched OFF RF radiation statement
before starting to install this product. Do NOT connect
Your Raymarine AIS500 transceiver generates and radiates radio
or disconnect equipment with the power switched on,
frequency (RF) electromagnetic energy (EME).
unless instructed in this document.
Safe Compass Distance
Warning: Potential ignition source
Safe Compass Distance is 1 meter minimum for any compass.
This product is NOT approved for use in Some compass types may require greater distances. To be sure,
hazardous/flammable atmospheres. Do NOT install in you should locate your transceiver as far as possible from the
a hazardous/flammable atmosphere (such as in an compass. Test your compass to verify proper operation while the
engine room or near fuel tanks). transceiver is also operating.
General information Warranty registration
To register your AIS500 transceiver ownership, please take a few
Intended Use minutes to fill out the warranty registration card found in the box, or
visit www.raymarine.com and register on-line.
Raymarine AIS500 is an AIS Class B transceiver, and is intended
for world wide use aboard leisure marine boats and workboats not It is important that you register your product to receive full warranty
covered by International Maritime Organization (IMO) and Safety of benefits. Your unit package includes a bar code label indicating the
Life at Sea (SOLAS) Carriage Regulations. serial number of the unit. You should stick this label to the warranty
When cleaning this product do NOT use acid,
ammonia-based or abrasive products, and do NOT To the best of our knowledge, the information in this document was
use high pressure washing (jet wash) equipment. correct at the time it was produced. However, Raymarine cannot
accept liability for any inaccuracies or omissions it may contain. In
addition, our policy of continuous product improvement may change
Product disposal specifications without notice. As a result, Raymarine cannot accept
liability for any differences between the product and this document.
Dispose of this product in accordance with the WEEE Directive.
AIS500 installation guide
The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE)
Directive requires the recycling of waste electrical and electronic This document gives introductory, installation and troubleshooting
equipment. Whilst the WEEE Directive does not apply to some information for the Raymarine Automatic Identification System Type
Raymarine products, we support its policy and ask you to be aware 500 Transceiver (AIS500) transceiver.
of how to dispose of this product. Refer to the ProAIS User Manual and the operating manual for
your Raymarine Multi-Function Display, for instructions on how to
configure and operate your AIS system.
All documents are available to download as PDFs from
All information presented by the Raymarine AIS transceiver is www.raymarine.com
advisory only, as there is a risk of incomplete and erroneous
information. By placing the AIS500 into service you acknowledge
this and assume complete responsibility for any risks associated Static data requirement
with this device, and accordingly release Raymarine and SRT
The AIS500 transceiver needs to be correctly programmed with the
Marine Technology Ltd from any and all claims arising from the use
following vessel data (static data) before use:
of the AIS service.
· Vessel Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number Raymarine AIS transceivers comply with the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC) and Industry Canada
· Vessel name requirements that regulate marine AIS and VHF radio usage for the
· Vessel call sign US and Canada, respectively. Marine AIS users in the US must
comply with all applicable FCC rules and regulations, some of which
· Vessel dimensions including AIS GPS antenna location are described in this handbook. This information was current at the
· Vessel type time this handbook was printed. Up-to date information, including
licensing requirements, can be obtained on the FCC website at:
A MMSI number comprises 9 digits, and a full, valid 9 digit value www.fcc.gov/wtb/marine
must be entered in order to be accepted during setup. Any number Official FCC forms can be obtained on the FCC website at:
that does not meet these criteria will not be accepted by the system. www.fcc.gov/formpage.html
All other fields (i.e. vessel type, name etc.) are optional.
If your vessel already has an MMSI number (used for a VHF DSC
radio) then the same MMSI number must be used to program the
transceiver. Compliance statement
If a valid MMSI number is not entered, the AIS500 will enter Silent This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
Mode and will not transmit. However, it will still operate as a receiver. subject to the following two conditions:
Important: In the United States of America, the MMSI and 1. This device may not cause harmful interference, and
Static Data must be entered only by a Raymarine dealer or
other appropriately qualified installer of marine communications 2. This device must accept any interference received, including
equipment on board vessels.The user is NOT authorized to do interference that may cause undesired operation.
this. Changes or modifications to this equipment not expressly approved
in writing by Raymarine Incorporated could violate compliance
In Europe and other parts of the world outside of the United States with FCC rules and void the operator's authority to operate the
of America, the MMSI and Static Data can be set up by the user. equipment.
For further details, refer to the requirements for the area in which
you are operating . Station Licence
FCC station license requirement
Requirements for USA & Canada An FCC Ship Radio Station License and Call Sign are not required
for most recreational vessels travelling in US waters. However, you
must obtain a license if your vessel travels to foreign ports.
Important information Ships that use MF/HF single side-band radio, satellite
AIS500 conforms to the relevant FCC requirements communications, or telegraphy must be licensed by the FCC. You
can obtain a Station License by filing FCC Form 605, which is · Output Power: 2 Watts
available from the FCC website listed above.
· Modulation: GMSK
Operator License · Frequency Range: 156.025 to 162.025 MHz
FCC operator license requirement
An Operator License is not required to operate a Class B AIS
Transceiver within US territorial waters. However, a license is Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)
required to operate the transceiver if you dock in a foreign port A nine-digit Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number is
(including Canada and Mexico) or leave a foreign port to dock in a required to operate the AIS500 transceiver.
US. port. You can request a Restricted Radiotelephone Operator
Permit from the FCC by filing Form 753. Note: You can request an MMSI number from the FCC when
you apply for a Station License. If your vessel does not require
Industry Canada a license, you may obtain an MMSI by contacting BoatUS
(www.boatus.com). Once obtained, you can program the MMSI
Industry Canada license requirement number into your AIS500 as described in the documentation
You do not need a license to operate this transceiver within accompanying the transceiver.
sovereign waters of Canada or the US. You will need a license to
operate this radio outside of Canada or the US. To obtain Industry
Canada licensing information, contact the nearest field or regional Programming the MMSI & static data
office, or write:
Important: In the United States of America, it is a violation of the
Industry Canada Radio Regulatory Branch rules of the Federal Communications Commission to input an
MMSI that has not been properly assigned to the end user or to
Attention: DOSP otherwise input any inaccurate data in this device. The MMSI
300 Slater Street and Static Data must be entered only by a Raymarine dealer or
other appropriately qualified installer of marine communications
Ottawa, Ontario equipment on board vessels. Instructions for entering the MMSI
Canada, KIA OC8 and static data are given in the documentation on the CDROM
supplied with the AIS500 transceiver.
The following information about the radio is required to complete the
license application: Once static data has been programmed, you must not change
it. If the information programmed is no longer correct, contact
· Industry Canada Certification Number: 4069B-AIS500 the Raymarine help desk or the dealer or retailer from whom you
· FCC Type Number: PJ5AIS500 purchased the transceiver, to arrange reprogramming.
· FCC Type Accepted: Parts 15 and 80
Antenna Mounting & EME Exposure Requirements for areas outside of USA
This system has a Maximum Permissible Exposure (MPE) Radius of & Canada
1.5 meters (per OET Bulletin 65), assuming the maximum power of
the radio and antennas with a maximum gain of 3 dBi. Accounting
for the height of an average adult (2 meters) the minimum height
Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI)
of the antenna above the deck to meet RF exposure compliance A nine-digit Maritime Mobile Service Identity (MMSI) number is
requirements is 3.5 meters. Do not operate the transceiver when required to operate the AIS500 Transceiver. In some areas, a radio
anyone is within the MPE radius of the antenna, unless shielded operator licence is required before an MMSI number will be issued.
from the antenna field by a grounded metallic barrier. You can request an MMSI number from same agency that issues
radio or Ship Radio licences in your area. Once obtained, you can
Warning: Maximum Permissible program the MMSI number into your AIS500 as described in the
documentation on the CDROM supplied with the AIS500 transceiver.
Failure to observe these guidelines may expose those Antenna Mounting & EME Exposure
within the maximum permissible exposure (MPE)
radius to RF radiation absorption that exceeds the For optimal radio performance and minimal human exposure to
FCC MPE limit. It is the radio operator's responsibility radio frequency electromagnetic energy, make sure the antenna is:
to ensure that no one comes within this radius. · connected to the radio before transmitting
For optimal radio performance and minimal human · properly mounted
exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic energy,
make sure the antenna is: · located where it will be away from people
· connected to the radio before transmitting · located at least 1.5 metres (5 feet) from the radio's main unit
· located where it will be away from people
List of Countries
· located at least 1.5 meters (5 feet) from the radio's
In Europe, the AIS500 transceiver may be used in the following
Croatia Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic of
Czech Republic Netherlands Declaration of Conformity
Latvia United Kingdom
System information Class A Transceivers
Class A AIS transceivers transmit and receive AIS signals. AIS
Warning: AIS limitation transceivers are currently mandatory on all commercial vessels
exceeding 300 tons that travel internationally (SOLAS vessels).
Never assume that your AIS is detecting all vessels
in the area. Always exercise due prudence and do The following information can be transmitted by a Class A AIS
not use AIS as a substitute for sound navigational system:
· Static data. Includes information such as vessel name, vessel
type, MMSI number, call sign, IMO number, length, beam and
GPS antenna location.
· Voyage related data. Includes information such as draft, cargo,
The AIS500 uses digital radio signals to exchange 'real-time' destination, ETA and other relevant information.
information between vessels and shore based stations on dedicated
VHF frequencies. This information is used to identify and track · Dynamic data. Includes information such as time (UTC), ship's
vessels in the surrounding area and to provide fast, automatic and position, COG, SOG, heading, rate of turn and navigational status.
accurate collision avoidance data.
· Dynamic reports. Ship's speed and status.
Although AIS augments your radar application by operating in radar
blind spots and detecting smaller AIS-fitted vessels, it does not · Messages. Alarms and safety messages.
replace radar, as it relies on receiving transmitted AIS information Remember that not all vessels will transmit all of the information.
and therefore cannot detect objects such as landmasses and
navigational beacons. Class B Transceivers
NEVER assume that AIS is displaying information from all vessels Class B AIS transceivers transmit and receive AIS signals, but use
in the area, because: a reduced set of data compared to Class A (see Data Summary). A
· Not all vessels are fitted with AIS Class B AIS transceiver can be fitted on any vessel not fitted with a
Class A transceiver, but is not mandatory aboard any vessel.
· Although it is mandatory for larger commercial vessels to carry
Your AIS500 transceiver is a Class B transceiver.
AIS, it is not mandatory to use it.
AIS should be used only to augment radar information, not substitute Data Summary
Class A Class B Class B
Data (receive) (send) (receive)
Classes of AIS
Ship's name Yes Yes Yes
Your AIS500 is a transceiver that receives messages from and
transmits messages to vessels carrying Class A or Class B Type Yes Yes Yes
Class A Class B Class B Data reporting intervals
Data (receive) (send) (receive) AIS information is classed as either static or dynamic. Static
Call sign Yes Yes Yes information is broadcast, when data has been amended, or upon
request, or by default, every 6 minutes.
IMO number Yes No No The reporting rates for dynamic information depend on speed and
course change, and are given in the following tables.
Length and beam Yes Yes Yes
Note: The reporting rates shown here are for reference and
Antenna location Yes Yes Yes may not be the rate at which information is actually received
Draft Yes No No by an AIS500 Transceiver. This is dependent on a number of
factors, including but not limited to antenna height, gain and
Cargo Yes Yes Yes signal interference.
Destination Yes No No Class A systems
ETA Yes No No Ships Dynamic Conditions Reporting rate
Time Yes Yes Yes At anchor or moored 3 Minutes
Ship's position Yes Yes Yes 0-14 knots 10 Seconds
COG Yes Yes Yes 0-14 knots and changing course 31/3 Seconds
SOG Yes Yes Yes 14-23 knots 6 Seconds
Gyro heading Yes Yes* Yes 14-23 knots and changing course 2 seconds
Rate of turn Yes No No Faster than 23 knots 2 seconds
Navigational Yes No No Faster than 23 knots and changing 2 seconds
Safety message Yes No Yes Class B systems
*Class B transceivers do not transmit a Gyro heading unless the Ships Dynamic Conditions Reporting rate
transceiver is receiving an NMEA HDT sentence from an external 0 to 2 knots 3 Minutes
Above 2 knots 30 Seconds
Other AIS sources
Source Reporting rate
Search and Rescue (SAR) aircraft 10 seconds
Aids to navigation 3 minutes
AIS base station 10 seconds or 3.33 seconds,
depending on operating parameters
Chapter 2: Planning the installation
· 2.1 EMC installation guidelines on page 18
· 2.2 Parts supplied on page 19
· 2.3 Tools required on page 19
· 2.4 Basic system on page 20
Planning the installation 17
2.1 EMC installation guidelines Suppression ferrites
Raymarine cables may be fitted with suppression ferrites. These
Raymarine equipment and accessories conform to the appropriate
are important for correct EMC performance. If a ferrite has to be
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) regulations, to minimize
removed for any purpose (e.g. installation or maintenance), it must
electromagnetic interference between equipment and minimize the
be replaced in the original position before the product is used.
effect such interference could have on the performance of your
system Use only ferrites of the correct type, supplied by Raymarine
Correct installation is required to ensure that EMC performance is
For optimum EMC performance we recommend that wherever Connections to other equipment
possible: Requirement for ferrites on non-Raymarine cables
· Raymarine equipment and cables connected to it are: If your Raymarine equipment is to be connected to other equipment
using a cable not supplied by Raymarine, a suppression ferrite
At least 1 m (3 ft) from any equipment transmitting or cables MUST always be attached to the cable near the Raymarine unit.
carrying radio signals e.g. VHF radios, cables and antennas.
In the case of SSB radios, the distance should be increased
to 7 ft (2 m).
More than 2 m (7 ft) from the path of a radar beam. A radar
beam can normally be assumed to spread 20 degrees above
and below the radiating element.
· The product is supplied from a separate battery from that used
for engine start. This is important to prevent erratic behavior
and data loss which can occur if the engine start does not have
a separate battery.
· Raymarine specified cables are used.
· Cables are not cut or extended, unless doing so is detailed in
the installation manual.
Note: Where constraints on the installation prevent any of
the above recommendations, always ensure the maximum
possible separation between different items of electrical
equipment, to provide the best conditions for EMC performance
throughout the installation
2.2 Parts supplied 2.3 Tools required
Check all parts are present. Ensure you have these tools before starting installation.
AIS500Transceiver GPS Antenna
Thumb 1/4" (3.2mm)
AIS nuts (x 2) Drill bit
studs (x 2)
No 8 Screws (x 4) 3.2 ft (1. m)
AIS to VHF
Antenna connector cable
Installation instructions Warranty document CDROM
Planning the installation 19
2.4 Basic system AIS500 dimensions
(88 mm) (41.8 mm)
The following illustration shows a basic AIS500 system.
7.37 in (187.2 mm)
Boat's existing GPS AIS
GPS antenna supplied antenna (typical) 500
9.96 in (252.9 mm)
RF OK CAN
9.51 in (241.6 mm)
SeaTalkng Power in
SeaTalk 10.76 in (273.3 mm)
NMEA0183 (38.4 baud)
Compass minimum safe distance: 39 in (1 m)
When planning the installation, take the following site requirements
for the AIS500 transceiver and GPS antenna, into account.
AIS500 transceiver The loss values for the inbuilt splitter are given in the Specification
This product is NOT approved for use in hazardous/flammable
atmospheres. Do NOT install in a hazardous/flammable atmosphere GPS antenna requirement
(such as in an engine room or near fuel tanks).
A GPS antenna is supplied with the transceiver and must be
The AIS500 transceiver must be fitted in a location where it is not installed in accordance with the instructions given here. Do NOT
likely to be stepped on or tripped over, and which: connect any other GPS antenna to the AIS500 transceiver.
· Is close enough to allow connection to the boat's VHF set with the The GPS antenna can be mounted either on a flat horizontal surface
3 ft (1 m) RF cable supplied. or on a suitable pole.
· Is at least 3 ft (1 m) from an engine, compass or any magnetic · If you intend surface mounting the antenna, ensure you have
device. access to the underside of the mounting surface.
· Has at least 6 in (100 mm) of clear space below, to allow access · If you intend pole-mounting the antenna, the pole needs a 1 inch
for cabling and adequate cable bends. 14 TPI thread.
· Is maintained at a temperature between 10°C (14°F) and 55°C
(130°F). Important: The main requirement of the intended location for the
GPS antenna is that it gives a good direct line of site to the entire
· Is maintained in a dry condition and where there is no likelihood sky, right around the horizon.
of the transceiver being splashed.
Ensure that the intended mounting location is:
· Does NOT have a flammable or hazardous atmosphere.
· Open and clear of any obstructions (such as masts, search lights,
Power supply or other structures) that could block line-of-sight to the sky.
The AIS500 transceiver requires a 12 V dc or 24 V dc power supply,
· As low as possible, to keep the antenna as stable as possible.
typically from a circuit breaker on the boat's power panel or from a
The more stable the unit, the more effectively it will track satellites
fuse block near the transceiver.
and provide stable data.
VHF antenna requirement · As far as possible (at least 1 m (3 ft)) from other antennae and
The AIS500 transceiver requires inputs from both GPS and VHF electronic equipment.
antenna. Do NOT mount the antenna:
The AIS500 transceiver has an inbuilt VHF splitter to enable
you to connect your existing VHF antenna directly to the AIS500 · In any area where it could be stepped on or tripped over
transceiver, then route the split signal from the transceiver to your · Up a mast. This will cause the antenna to swing and give
VHF set. This may cause some degradation of performance of your significant errors in position data
VHF set. If the level of degradation is unacceptable, we recommend
you use separate VHF antennae for the AIS500 and the VHF set. · In the direct path of a radar beam.
Planning the installation 21
A fitted SeaTalkng connector enables you to connect the AIS500
transceiver to SeaTalkng, aboard vessels on which the multi-function
displays are connected via SeaTalkng.
Before connecting to SeaTalkng, refer to the SeaTalkng Reference
Manual, and ensure that with this product connected, the maximum
permitted Load Equivalence Number (LEN) value for the system will
not be exceeded.
Note that the AIS500 transceiver has a SeaTalkng LEN value of 1.
Chapter 3: Cables & connections
· 3.1 Cable types and length on page 24
· 3.2 Routing cables on page 24
· 3.3 Transceiver connections on page 25
· 3.4 Cable shielding on page 26
Cables & connections 23
3.1 Cable types and length 3.2 Routing cables
It is important to use cables of the appropriate type and length Cables must be routed correctly, to maximize performance and
prolong cable life.
· Unless otherwise stated use only standard cables of the correct
type, supplied by Raymarine. · Do NOT bend cables excessively. Wherever possible, ensure a
minimum bend radius of 100 mm.
· Ensure that any non-Raymarine cables are of the correct quality
and gauge. For example, longer power cable runs may require
larger wire gauges to minimize voltage drop along the run.
200 mm (8 in)
Minimum bend of cable
100 mm (4 in) radius
· Protect all cables from physical damage and exposure to heat.
Use trunking or conduit where possible. Do NOT run cables
through bilges or doorways, or close to moving or hot objects.
· Secure cables in place using tie-wraps or lacing twine. Coil any
extra cable and tie it out of the way.
· Where a cable passes through an exposed bulkhead or deckhead,
use a suitable watertight feed-through.
· Do NOT run cables near to engines or fluorescent lights.
Always route data cables as far away as possible from:
· other equipment and cables,
· high current carrying ac and dc power lines,
3.3 Transceiver connections RF connections
In a typical AIS500 system:
The transceiver has attached cables to provide connections to:
· The boat's existing VHF antenna connects to the ANTENNA
· Power supply
connector on the AIS500 transceiver.
· NMEA0183, 4800 baud · The supplied 1 m RF cable connects the antenna connector on
· NMEA0183, 38400 baud the boat's existing VHF set, to the VHF RADIO connector on the
If this arrangement results in unacceptable degradation of the
· SeaTalkng performance of the VHF radio, separate antennae should be used
for the AIS500 transceiver and the VHF radio. In this case, the
supplied 1 m RF cable is not used and the VHF RADIO connector
on the AIS500 transceiver remains unconnected.
Note that when the AIS500 transceiver transmits, there is a very
brief interruption to the boat's VHF receive function. This may
AIS AIS500Transceiver be noticeable during when a long, continuous broadcast is being
The GPS supplied as part of the AIS500 system has a fitted 10 m
(33 ft) cable to connect to the AIS500 transceiver GPS connector.
The AIS500 transceiver has a fitted cable which provides prepared,
bare-wire NMEA0183 connections at both 4800 baud and
38400 baud rates, as follows:
Wire color NMEA0183 Function
Green 4800 baud receive -
White 4800 baud receive +
D11640-1 Brown 4800 baud transmit -
Cables & connections 25
Wire color NMEA0183 Function 3.4 Cable shielding
Yellow 4800 baud transmit + Ensure that all data cables are properly shielded that the cable
Orange with green stripe 38400 baud receive - shielding is intact (e.g. hasn't been scraped off by being squeezed
through a tight area).
Orange with white stripe 38400 baud receive +
Orange with brown stripe 38400 baud transmit -
Orange with yellow stripe 38400 baud transmit +
A multiplexer built into the transceiver manages both 4800 and
38400 baud rates. This feature effectively frees up an NMEA port
on your multi-function display (MFD). if only one NMEA0183 port
exists on your equipment, the multiplexer eliminates the need for a
Typically the NMEA0183 connections are used as follows:
· The 4800 baud wires connect to the appropriate points on the
VHF radio or other NMEA0183 4800 baud input/output device.
· The 38400 baud wires connect to appropriate Raymarine MFDs.
The NMEA0183 port on each MFD connected in this manner
must be set to 38400 baud.
Chapter 4: Installation procedures
· 4.1 Fitting transceiver on page 28
· 4.2 Fitting GPS antenna on page 29
· 4.3 Connecting up on page 31
Installation procedures 27
4.1 Fitting transceiver
Ensure that the intended installation site meets the conditions
described under Site requirements, mark and drill the mounting
holes, then fit the transceiver as shown in the following illustrations.
Note: This procedure shows how to mount the transceiver
vertically, which is the recommended method. However, you may
mount it horizontally if necessary.
Note: If you are fitting the transceiver to fiberglass that has l
a gelcoat surface, overdrill the surface to prevent the gelcoat x4
from damage when securing the screws. Before drilling the pilot
holes, hand drill the marked locations with an oversized bit and 2.
countersink to approximately 9.5 mm (3/8 in) diameter.
1 2 3
4.2 Fitting GPS antenna A B
To fit the GPS antenna:
1. Select a suitable location for the GPS antenna as described
under Site requirements.
2. Fit your GPS antenna using either the Surface mounting or Pole 2 3
mounting procedure, as appropriate. 3
3. Ensuring the conditions in Running cables are fulfilled, run the
GPS antenna cable to the AIS transceiver.
When surface mounting the GPS antenna, you can route the cable
either centrally (Option A) or from the side of the antenna (Option B).
1. Use the template supplied in this handbook to mark the two
6 mm (0.25 in) mounting holes.
op view Underside view
· OPTION A: If the cable is going to pass through the mounting
2. Screw the two mounting studs (2) into the underside of the
surface drill a 19 mm (0.75 in) center hole.
· OPTION B: If the cable is to be routed from the side of the 3. Stick the supplied gasket (3) to the mounting surface, ensuring
receiver (i.e. above the mounting surface), remove the two that the holes on the gasket correspond with the drilled holes.
plastic tabs (1) obstructing the cable channel. If you do not 4. Route the cable as follows:
remove these tabs before using the cable channel, you could
damage the cable. · For Option A, feed the cable down through the center hole.
· For Option B, route the cable along the cable exit channel.
5. Carefully place the receiver so the mounting studs pass through
the holes in the mounting surface.
6. Secure the receiver to the surface using the two thumb nuts (4).
If you want to pole-mount the GPS antenna, obtain a pole of suitable
length with a 1 inch 14 TPI thread.
Installation procedures 29
5. Ensuring you do not trap the cable, place the GPS antenna on
the pole mount adaptor so the screw holes align, then secure the
Antenna antenna with the 2 screws retained at step 2.
Pole mount adaptor
1. Ensuring that the Site requirements are met, securely attach the
pole to a suitable, secure point.
2. Remove and retain the screws securing the GPS antenna from
the pole mount adaptor, then separate these two items.
3. Screw the pole mount adaptor fully onto the pole and ensure
it is secure on the pole.
4. Route the antenna cable as follows:
i. If you want to route the antenna cable directly down from
the antenna (option A), feed it through the center of the pole
mount adaptor and then down through the pole.
ii. If you want to route the antenna cable out of the side of the
antenna (option B), remove the two plastic tabs from the
cable channel, then feed the cable along the channel.
4.3 Connecting up The transceiver will not transmit, but will still receive.
Carry out the following procedures to connect up the AIS500 system:
Connecting to VHF
· Connecting GPS Ensure power to the ship's VHF set is switched off, then connect
· Connecting to VHF the AIS500 transceiver by carrying out the Connecting RF and the
Connecting NMEA (low baud rate) procedures.
· Connecting to multi-function displays
· Connecting power
At the AIS500 transceiver:
Warning: Switch off power supply
1. Connect the cable from the existing VHF antenna to the
Ensure the boat's power supply is switched OFF ANTENNA connector.
before starting to install this product. Do NOT connect 2. Using the 1 m (3 ft) RF cable supplied, connect the VHF RADIO
or disconnect equipment with the power switched on, connector to the antenna connector on the boat's VHF set.
unless instructed in this document.
Connecting GPS POWER D ATA
AT GPS VHF RADIO ANTENNA
Connect the cable from the GPS antenna to the GPS connector on
the underside of the AIS transceiver.
S TATUS D11645-1
POWER D ATA
AT GPS VHF RADIO ANTENNA
Connecting NMEA0183 (low baud rate)
Connect the AIS500 transceiver 4800 baud NMEA0183 bus to the
ship's VHF as follows:
1. Identify the 4800 baud NMEA0183 wires from the AIS500
If the GPS antenna is not connected, the transceiver will operate
in Silent Mode and an alarm message will be generated. You must
acknowledge all alarm messages.
Installation procedures 31
White 4800 baud
Transmit Connect to
Yellow Transmit boat's VHF Orange & green
Orange & white
Receive 38400 baud
Orange & brown
Transmit Connect to
Orange & yellow
2. Connect these wires to the appropriate points on the ships VHF. D11647-1
2. Connect these wires to the appropriate points on the boat's
Connecting to multi-function displays 38400 baud, NMEA0183 system.
Data is transferred between the AIS500 transceiver and the Connect using SeaTalkng
associated Raymarine multi-function display(s) using either
NMEA0183 (at 38400 baud) or SeaTalkng. Important: Do not connect to a Raymarine SeaTalkng system,
Ensure power to the multi-function displays is switched off, then if this will cause the maximum permitted SeaTalkng Load
connect the AIS500 transceiver by carrying out either the Connect Equivalence Number (LEN) value for the system to be exceeded
using NMEA0183 OR the Connect using SeaTalkng procedure. (see Site Requirements).
Connect using NMEA0183 (high baud rate)
If your multi-function displays are connected to a SeaTalkng system,
If your multi-function displays are NOT connected to a SeaTalkng connect the AIS500 transceiver SeaTalkng connector to SeaTalkng
system, connect the AIS500 transceiver 38400 baud, NMEA0183 as follows:
bus to the boat's 38400 baud, NMEA0183 system as follows:
1. Identify the AIS500 transceiver SeaTalkng connector.
1. Identify the 38400 baud, NMEA0183 wires from the AIS500
+VE bar -VE bar
Where possible, connect individual items of
equipment to individual circuit breakers.
Where this not possible, use individual in-line
fuses to provide the necessary protection.
Connect to boat's SeaT
2. Connect to a convenient point on the SeaTalkng system.
Power supply protection Power connection procedure
Always protect the power supply by connecting the red (positive) The use of crimped and soldered lugs is recommended, to provide
wire to the supply via a 5 A fuse or equivalent automatic circuit optimum connection to the power source.
Connect the AIS500 transceiver power cable to either a 12 V dc or
Sharing a breaker 24 V dc power source as follows:
The text within the illustration has been updated for clarity 1. Ensuring the intended power source is switched off, connect the
red wire via a 5 A fuse or equivalent automatic circuit breaker
Where more than 1 piece of equipment shares a breaker you must
to the supply positive terminal.
provide protection for the individual circuits. E.g. by connecting an
in-line fuse for each power circuit. 2. Connect the black wire to the supply negative terminal.
Installation procedures 33
Power supply Connect to
12 V dc, or
Black Power supply 24 V dc
Chapter 5: Post installation procedures
· 5.1 Switching on on page 36
· 5.2 Configuration on page 36
· 5.3 Checking for interference on page 37
· 5.4 Using AIS on page 38
Post installation procedures 35
5.1 Switching on 5.2 Configuration
When the installation is complete, observe the STATUS indicator Warning: Configure before use
This Raymarine product must be correctly configured,
1. Switch on power to the AIS500 transceiver. to ensure optimum performance and minimize the
2. Check that: chances of unsafe or other erroneous data.
i. When power is first applied, the STATUS indicator flashes
RED twice, then after a few seconds shows AMBER.
ii. After a time (up to 2 minutes) the indicator changes to green. Configuration requirement
This indicates the AIS500 transceiver is operating normally.
After installation and successful switch on, the AIS500 transceiver
must be configured for optimum performance aboard the vessel.
The person configuring the AIS500 needs to know the following
· MMSI number
· Call sign
· GPS antenna position
The manner in which configuration is carried out depends on the
legal requirements of the geographical area you are.
Important: Before starting any AIS configuration procedure,
SWITCH OFF all associated multi-function displays (MFDs),
otherwise you will not be able to correctly configure your AIS500
In the USA, it is a legal requirement that the configuration is
performed by a suitable dealer.
You can use the supplied ProAIS PC software, to check the vessel 5.3 Checking for interference
data programmed into your AIS500. If this information is incorrect
please contact your Raymarine dealer before using the transceiver. Post installation check
Areas outside of USA If you have installed any system aboard a boat or made other
changes to the boat's electronic systems (radar, VHF radio etc.),
In areas outside of the USA, use the supplied ProAIS PC software to you need to check before casting off, that all electrical systems
configure your AIS500 transceiver, as described in the instructions operate satisfactorily without any undue electrical interference,
provided in the ProAIS User Guide. in order to conform with Electro Magnetic Compatibility (EMC)
regulations. To do this:
1. Ensuring it is safe to do so, turn on all electronic systems aboard
2. Check that the electronic systems all operate satisfactorily.
Post installation procedures 37
5.4 Using AIS
The exact method of using AIS depends on which type of Raymarine
multi-function display (MFD) you are using.
Refer to the handbook for your MFD for information on using AIS.
Chapter 6: Diagnostics
· 6.1 Status indication on page 40
· 6.2 Troubleshooting on page 41
6.1 Status indication BLUE (continuous) Running in Silent Mode
The current operating status of the AIS500 transceiver is shown by BLUE (flash) Each time AIS data is received
a STATUS LED on the bottom of the unit. RED Fault condition. Refer to the Troubleshooting section
POWER D ATA
AT GPS VHF RADIO ANTENNA
When power is switched on, the STATUS indicator flashes RED
twice, then after a few seconds it goes to AMBER.
The amber condition continues while the transceiver acquires a GPS
fix then transmits a position report. This can take up to 2 minutes.
When the first position report has been transmitted, the STATUS
indicator goes to GREEN. This condition remains all the time the
AIS500 transceiver is operating normally
A summary of STATUS indicator colors is as follows:
GREEN AIS500 transceiver is operating normally
· The AIS500 transceiver is starting up, or
· The AIS500 transceiver has not transmitted for
more than 2 reporting periods. This could be due to
high AIS traffic or loss of GPS fix.
6.2 Troubleshooting Status indicator Wait at least 30 minutes to check that a 'Quiet time' has
remains amber not been requested by the local authority
Issue Action Check that the:
No power Check: · GPS antenna is properly connected
· All power connections · GPS antenna has a clear view of the sky, without any
· Check relevant fuses
· MMSI number has been properly configured (use the
· That power supply is at the correct voltage (12 V or 24 V) proAIS application)
AIS configuration Switch off all associated multi-function displays (MFDs), Status indicator is Check that:
data is not saved then re-configure red
· The VHF antenna is properly connected and in particular
No data Check that: it is not short circuiting to the vessel structure
· Connections are secure throughout the system · That power supply is at the correct voltage (12 V or 24 V)
· The VHF aerial lead is securely connected and that you · The MMSI number has been properly configured (use
can send and receive VHF radio information the proAIS application)
No vessel data At the relevant Raymarine multi function display:
· Place the cursor over the targeted vessel and ensure
the AIS DATA soft key is not set to OFF
· Ensure the AIS layer is set to ON
· Ensure displayed target types are set to ALL
No AIS data Check the NMEA output from the multi-function displays to
the AIS500 input, and ensure:
· The wires are correctly connected
· The baud rate is 38400 baud
Chapter 7: Specifications
· 7.1 General on page 44
· 7.2 Transceiver on page 44
· 7.3 GPS Receiver on page 45
7.1 General 7.2 Transceiver
Waterproofing IPX2 Operating frequency range 156.025 MHz to 162.025 MHz
Operating temperature -10ºC to +55º C (14ºF to 131ºF) Channel spacing 25 kHz
Receivers 2 receivers
Storage temperature -20ºC to +75º C (-4ºF to 167ºF)
range Receiver sensitivity <-107 dBm
Humidity Up to 95% at 35º non-condensing Transmitter 1 transmitter
Power supply voltage 12 V to 24 V dc, reverse polarity protected Transmitter output power 2 W (33 dBm)
Supply current at 12 V dc Nominal: 0.62 A Transceiver standard Class B 'CS' AIS to IEC62287-1
Peak (during transmit): 2.1 A
Size 273.3 mm x 187.2 mm x 61.7 mm (10.76 in x 7.37 in
x 2.43 in)
Weight 1.19 kg (2.63 lb)
Mounting Four keyholed mounting tabs and mounting screws
Connectors VHF antenna SO-239
VHF In BNC
GPS In TNC
PC RS232 9 Way D Type
NMEA0183 HS stripped wires
NMEA0183 LS stripped wires
Power stripped wires
SeaTalkng - proprietary Raymarine connector
NMEA sentences !AIVDO, !AIVDM, !AIALR, and !AITXT
· With NMEA GPS $GPGLL, $GPGGA, $GPVTG, $GPGSV, $GPGSA,
output ON $GPZDA, $GPRMC, and $GPGBS
VHF splitter losses Receive: less than 4 dB
Transmit: less than 1 dB
7.3 GPS Receiver
Receiver channels 16
Receiver sensitivity Acquisition -140 dBm
Tracking -150 dBm
Nominal Time to First Fix 34 seconds