Nke 50um Multigraphic
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Zi de Kerandr Rue Gutemberg 56700 HENNEBONT FRANCE 33 297 365 685 MULTIGRAPHIC Item number 9060359 USER MANUAL INSTALLATION SHEET V22 uzd6f KMtwBE y hqSfsynJ4 2 1 OVERVIEW 4 2 OPERATION 4 21 KEY DESCRIPTIONS 4 22 MENU PAGE 6 23 PAGE BUILDING WIZARD 7 24 DISPLAY PAGES 13 241 Page 44 15 25 MULTIGRAPHIC OPERATION WITH THE GYROPILOT 2 PROCESSOR 15 2511 Digital Page 18 252 Pilot Modes 19 253 Pilot settings 21 254 Gyropilot operation 24 255 Pilot setup saving and recall 28 256 Pilot alarm 29 257 Pilot page on remote display 30 26 OPERATION OF THE MULTIGRAPHIC AS MULTIFUNCTION DISPLAY 31 261 Edit an existing page 31 27 SETTING PARAMETERS 33 271 Display settings 33 2711 Backlighting 34 2712 Setting Night and Day modes 34 2713 36 2714 Locking the keypad 36 272 37 273 Language selection 37 274 Unit selection 38 275 Maintenance 38 2751 Multigraphic node address in the Topline system 38 2752 Auxiliary inputs 39 2753 Topline Instrument system 41 2754 Firmware 42 2755 Memory 42 2756 Simulator 42 2757 Autotest 43 28 SENSOR SETTINGS 45 281 Calibration wizard 45 2811 Apparent Wind Angle calibration wizard 46 2812 Boat speed calibration wizard 47 282 Compass autoadjustment 48 2821 Autoadjustment principle 48 2822 Compass autoadjustment procedure 48 2823 Compass deviation table 49 2824 Compass adjustment wizard 50 283 Drift angle 51 284 Sensors access code 52 29 ALARMS SETTINGS 53 291 Alarm setting procedure 53 292 Procedure for Alarm setting 54 293 Procedure for deactivation of Alarms 55 294 Activation of an alarm 55 210 AIS PAGE 56 2101 AIS targets symbol 57 2102 Setting the radarlike scale 58 2103 Setting AIS alarms 58 2104 Collision avoidance calculation 59 2105 Dangerous targets list 60 2106 Monitoring the fleet 60 211 GRAPHS DISPLAY 61 2111 Change the graph scale 62 3 2112 Resetting the graph 63 Displaying other data 63 2113 Navigating in the graph 64 212 RACE TIMER 64 2121 Using the race timer 64 2122 Setting the race timer 65 213 PERFORMANCE FUNCTIONS 66 2131 Calculation of the current 66 2132 True wind tables 66 21321 True wind angle table 67 21322 True Wind Speed table 68 21323 Activating the true wind tables 69 21324 Resetting the tables 69 2133 Statistics for the last hour 69 2134 69 214 REGATTA PAGE 70 2141 Presentation of the Regatta page 70 21411 Set the start line 73 2142 Description of the Tactical screen 74 215 INSTRUMENTS CALIBRATION 76 2151 Introduction 76 2152 Calibrations order 76 3 INSTALLATION 77 31 PACKING LIST THE MULTIGRAPHIC COMES WITH 77 32 SUGGESTED SPARE PARTS LIST 77 33 BEFORE INSTALLING CHECK 77 34 BULKHEAD INSTALLATION 78 35 CONNECTION TO THE TOPLINE BUS AND NMEA 79 36 NODE ADDRESS FOR THE MULTIGRAPHIC 80 37 CONNECTING TO A NMEA SOURCE AND CONFIGURATION 80 38 INSTALLATION AND CONFIGURATION OF THE GYROPILOT 80 4 MULTIGRAPHIC SPECIFICATIONS 82 5 EVENTS MESSAGES 83 4 1 OVERVIEW Thank you for purchasing the nke Multigraphic The Multigraphic features a 57 inch colour screen A transflective polarizer enhances daylight reading and integrated LED backlighting ensures clear readability at night The backlight intensity can be automatically adjusted or user adjusted The Multigraphic is a multifunction device allowing Control of the nke Gyropilot2 or Pilote HR Display of data from the sensors connected to the Topline bus in digital analogue or graphic formats and access to setup parameters and alarms Display and processing of AIS target data in a 12 mile range for collision avoidance providing there is an AIS receiver connected Interface to NMEA 183 devices to provide relevant data to the Topline bus 2 OPERATION The Multigraphic offers 10 buttons to control the display access the menus and control the autopilot 21 Key descriptions PAGE OK CURSER PAD AUTOPILOT CONTROL AUTO STOP MOB 5 PAGE Successive presses will scroll through the preset data pages the pilot page and the setting page Press and hold at least 3 seconds to open the Menu page OK A single press confirms the current selection or opens specific setup features on some pages Press and hold at least 3 seconds to open the settings page for backlighting keyboard lock and standby mode Cursor pad Use for the selection of pages and menu options Autopilot control Use to control in 1 or 10 increments to Port or Starboard Press and hold the 10 to tack AUTO Single press to engage the autopilot Press and hold this key to go directly to the Pilot Mode menu STOP Single press to disengage the autopilot Mob Press and hold to activate the man Over Board function on the Topline bus 6 22 Menu page When the Multigraphic is used for the first time it displays a screen with a menu providing access to the page builder function the sensor settings the alarm settings the pilot settings the Performance page setup 7 the Multigraphic parameters Press the cursor left and right to scroll through the menu icons for selection 23 Page building wizard The Multigraphic has been designed to allow the user to customise pages 10 pages can be set up according to the ce with the first 5 preset to default settings 8 To build a page first select the Page icon in the menu Press once the following screen appears 9 Select the page you want to build or edit with the up and down arrows Empty pages are grayed out Once you have made your selection confirm with Page format You can choose between different layouts for the page Press a list will appear Select the screen layout template with the up and down arrows on the pad depending on the format you wish to display on the page 10 The following page layout templates are available Once you have made a choice press to confirm 1 line 2 lines 3 lines 3 lines 4 lines 4 lines 6 lines AIS data Waypoint page XTE page 44 page Regatta page 11 page sxsjfureT 11 Edit a page This setting selects the data that will be displayed on the selected page FOLLOWING to accept the current data in that selected part of the screen only for multiple line pages and go to the next page partition MODIFY to change the information and the colour in which it will be displayed by selecting from a list FINISH to accept the page and save the settings Note Some partitions of the page can display the information in analogue graphic or digital format The following is an example of a page containing an analogue display Once the page has been built a window opens allowing you to save and rename the page 12 Press OK to save the page Select Name with the pad and press the OK button to access the virtual keyboard Use the pad keysto select letters and press to confirm your choice Repeat the action for each entry Toggle between numbers and letters Caps lock Delete last digit Enter to confirm the name and save the page 13 Displayed The new page is visible by default Press to hide the page Unhidden Hidden Edit name Edit the page name with the virtual keyboard 24 Display pages Scroll through the build pages the pilot and menu pages by pressing the button with successive presses uC4bww0M3Q 14 How to use the remote control The hard wired remote control and the wireless multifunction remote control can be used to scroll through the user defined pages The key selects the Multigraphic display amongst all the displays connected to the Topline bus and the key calls the pages you want to display controls the timer refer to Race Timer Once the Multigraphic has been selected the following window will appear 15 The other keys on the remote control are not active except for the MOB key 241 Page 44 This page toggles between 2 groups of 4 functions It can also be used to display data coming from racing software via the NMEA input once it has been set up refer to NMEA settings For example software such as ADRENA feeds the system with 8 functions depending on the race course legs and this information can be read on these pages They can be displayed on any Multigraphic in the Topline network The 8 available channels are named DYN 1 to DYN8 25 Multigraphic operation with the Gyropilot 2 processor Gyropilot is an automatic pilot designed to steer the boat It is intended to assist the helmsman and should never be used without state of the art navigation equipment handled by a qualified navigator Once the pilot has been engaged by the helmsman the Gyropilot 2 processor will save the current value of the relevant channel ie magnetic heading wind angle or GPS course This value becomes the reference for course to steer From that point the processor uses the data coming from the sensors to control the rudder using the following criteria the error to the course to steer from data coming in from the compass compass modehe wind unit wind mode CEB CEB 16 the boat motion delivered by the gyrometer This sensor measures boat rotation due to the action of the rudder the wind or the waves The correction value is linked to The error from the course to steer The gain value The boat speed the correction factor is opposite to the boat speed ie with a very low boat speed the correction factor is high and with no boat speed the Gyropilot will not perform Never leave the helm unattended The helmsman has responsibility for keeping an efficient watch and to be ready to act in case of any event affecting the route of the boat He must be ready to disengage the pilot and control the helm at any time Warning 17 Useful buttons for controlling of the Gyropilot Press once to engage the pilot on the current course relevant to the pilot mode selected In compass mode it will be the compass heading at the time you press the button and in wind mode it will be the wind angle at the time you press the button Press and hold this key 3s to go directly to the Pilot Mode menu Press once to disengage the pilot and take the helm back under manual control Press once to change the course to steer by 1 Press once to change the course to steer by 1 Press once to change the course to steer by 10 Press and hold for automatic tack from starboard tack or gybe from port tack Press once to change the course to steer by 10 Press and hold for automatic tack from port tack or gybe from starboard tack Press the up and down arrows to adjust the gain from 1 to 9 and press OK to confirm Press this button for acc 18 Gyropilot page 2511 Digital Page Press OK to access the pilot mode and settings Press page to cancel the last action Gain value adjustable with the up and down arrows on the pad Sensor identification and value related to the pilot mode Rudder angle indicator Access to the pilot mode with Course to steer Gain value Can be adjusted with high and low arrows of the key pad Sensor and value for the related and selected pilot mode Rudder angle steer Pilot Mode Accessible with the OK button data set up according to the 19 252 Pilot Modes Select the pilot mode as follow Press and hold this key 3sto go directly to the Pilot Mode menu This shortcut is available from any page True Wind mode This mode requires a speed sensor a compass sensor a wind sensor and the software addon true wind Once this mode has been selected the pilot steers the boat to a set true wind angle as calculated by the processor The true wind mode is particularly well adapted to downwind conditions in waves These are the conditions where the nke pilot demonstrates its true capability If apparent wind was used you would get the following issues The boat sails down the wave and apparent wind speed increases the apparent wind angle decreases it is a header the pilot bears away to maintain the wind angle it is set to steer to The boat sails up the wave and apparent wind speed decreases the apparent wind angle increases it is a lift the pilot luffs up to maintain the wind angle it is set to steer to As a result in waves the apparent wind mode is not efficient and it is better to select the compass mode to keep a straight course With true wind mode the pilot steers the boat on a straight course keeping the optimum wind angle in the waves The wind angle to steer is not affected by boat speed variations While sailing solo it is very efficient to leave the pilot to steer the boat and focus on sails trim just watch power consumption 20 True wind software addon A code is required to activate the true wind mode function Please contact your nke dealer to get this code The code number is linked to each Gyropilot 2 processor code for the software addon This serial number can be found on a label on the processor itself or in the true wind menu of the Multigraphic Activation of the true wind addon The hexadecimal code is entered with the virtual keyboard Once the function is activated the little padlock symbol will turn open and green Apparent wind mode This mode requires a speed sensor a compass sensor and a wind sensor With the apparent wind mode the pilot uses data from the mast head unit through the Topline bus to steer the boat on a set apparent wind angle This mode is mainly used while sailing upwind Compass mode This mode requires a speed sensor and a compass sensor With the compass mode the pilot uses the compass heading data from the Topline bus to steer the boat on a set heading 21 Rudder mode The rudder mode allows the rudder to be set at a fixed angle The value can be between 35 and 35 to the midship position Autopilot in GPS mode In GPS mode the Gyropilot steers the boat to a route provided by the GPS or the navigation software connected to the NMEA input of your Topline system 253 Pilot settings Select Rudder coefficient Principle the Gyropilot processor automatically adjusts the value of the rudder angle to apply which is proportionally opposite to the boat speed The faster the boat sails the lower the rudder angle This can be tuned to achieve best results by modifying the rudder coefficient between the 1 and 53 value range The higher the value is the greater the rudder angle proportionally to boat speed The default setting is 6 which is valid for a 30 footer Examples a Figaro 2 or similar boat will require this factor to be 15 for a 60 footer it can be 20 and a multihull will be better with 30 Note if there is no boat speed data on the Topline bus the Gyropilot uses SOG Speed Over Ground available A good way to learn the effect of this value setting is to enter an extreme value ie 50 and note the different behaviour of the boat before and after the setting change MFPMM0Q 22 Counter rudder gain When you are steering you will often apply the opposite direction allowing the heading to be maintained without overshoot The pilot can be set up to control the boat in a similar way and the importance of this feature will depend on the type of boat and sea conditions The boat rotation speed measured by the gyrometer embedded in the Gyropilot processor is used to provide this feature The factory default setting is AUTO This adjusts automatically with the gain The setting value ranges from 1 to 9 The counter rudder angle is the lowest at 1 Note that when the counter rudder setting is on AUTO the counter rudder action is dependent on the gain setting For a rudder gain between 1 and 3 the gyrometer is not active and there is no counter rudder For a gain value between 4 and 9 the gyrometer is active and the counter rudder value is automatically adjusted Wind damping The wind damping value adjusts the treatment of the raw data coming from the sensor and how it is used by the pilot while steering in wind mode For example in rough seas it is useful to increase the damping value because the mast head unit is subjected to a lot of extreme movements and the wind measurements resulting from this need to be treated differently to maintain appropriate pilot performance and sea keeping In light wind and quiet sea conditions a low damping value will allow a finer response to changes measured optimising the performance of the pilot for the conditions The damping value ranges from 1 to 9 The default setting is 1 The value set to 0 means automatic wind damping In that case the damping is linked to the wind vane oscillations with 05 seconds for each degree of oscillation Example if the wind vane oscillation is 10 the damping is 10 seconds Damping value effect L 0 automatic L 1 1s L 2 2 s L 3 4s L 4 8 s L 5 16 s L 6 32 s L 7 64 s L 8 128 s L 9 256 s 23 Tacking angle Set the tacking angle value for automatic tack performed by the Gyropilot For the compass mode the tacking angle can be set between 70 and 115 by 5 steps The default setting is 100 Tack speed The speed at which tacks are performed by the Gyropilot can be set from 1 per second to 32 per second The default setting is 9 per second Man Over Board The ManOverBoard function can be activated from any MOB button on a Topline display or a wireless remote control Gyropilot Multifonction or Crew if the MOB function has been set This function works with two selectable modes Crew and Solo Crew mode This mode is selected to assist the crew for a ManOverBoard manoeuvre The system will not act on the rudder but activate an audible alarm and display dead reckoned bearing and distance to the MOB event Solo mode If the Gyropilot is in standby it will automatically engage and push the rudder by 40 or 40 in relation to the been activated If the Gyropilot is activated and the system features a wind sensor the Gyropilot switches automatically to wind mode and steers the boat up to the wind with a 0 wind angle course to steer If the Gyropilot is activated and the system does not feature a wind sensor the Gyropilot switches automatically to rudder mode and applies 40 or 40 in relation to the Speed reference If the true wind mode is activated the Gyropilot will use the speed over ground if available on the Topline bus or the boat speed through the water at your choice Time out setting This sets the time the Gyropilot can steer the boat with the gyrometer data in case of Topline bus data dropout The setting can range from 0 to 60 seconds Rudder offset This calibration sets the rudder to midship position The default setting is 0 It can be adjusted from 3 to 3 24 254 Gyropilot operation This section of the manual describes the use and operation of the MULTIGRAPHIC once installed and calibrated For installation and calibration refer to the installation section page 70 The default factory settings of the Gyropilot will perform well on most boats To power your system on use the general switch panel where two separate 12 V power supplies are installed for The power drive and the processor refer to the installation guide of the Gyropilot2 The Topline bus where all sensors and displays are connected Operation with compass mode The compass mode requires a compass sensor and a boat speed sensor Steer the boat onto a suitable heading allow time for the boat to settle on this course with the rudder on midship position and press Auto to engage the Gyropilot The pilot will steer to the current heading which is automatically set as course to steer Return to manual steering by pressing stop once when you are ready at the helm The following graphic shows the pilot page as it will be displayed on the Multigraphic when the Gyropilot is engaged in compass mode Always turn the power drive and processor on before the Topline bus Warning Compass Rudder angle Gain Mode Pilot type Course to steer 25 Note when the pilot is disengaged is displayed instead of the course to steer Operation with Apparent Wind mode The compass mode requires a compass sensor a boat speed sensor and a wind sensor The apparent wind mode uses data from the mast head unit made available on the Topline bus to steer the boat on a set Apparent Wind Angle This mode is mainly used while sailing upwind The following graphic shows the pilot page as it will be displayed on the Multigraphic when the Gyropilot is engaged in Apparent Wind mode The Auto button engages the pilot and the Stop button disengages the pilot Make sure the pilot is disengaged before turning the power supply off Warning Gain AWA to steer Rudder angle Apparent Wind Angle Mode Pilot type 26 Operation with True Wind mode True wind mode This mode requires a speed sensor a compass sensor a wind sensor and the software addon true wind Once this mode has been selected the pilot steers the boat to a set true wind angle calculated by the Gyropilot processor The following graphic shows the pilot page as it will be displayed on the Multigraphic when the Gyropilot is engaged in True Wind mode Operation in Rudder mode The rudder mode allows the rudder to be set at a fixed angle The value can be between 35 and 35 to the midship position This mode can be used to check the drive unit or just to lock the rudder in a given position Rudder angle True Wind Angle Gain Mode Pilot type TWA to steer 27 The following graphic shows the pilot page as it will be displayed on the Multigraphic when the Gyropilot is engaged in Rudder mode Using the GPS mode In GPS mode the Gyropilot steers the boat to a route provided by the GPS or the navigation software connected to the NMEA input of your Topline system To achieve this the GPS or the navigation software must feed the system with the following NMEA sentences xxXTE crosstrack error and xxBWC bearing and distance to waypoint DTW and BTW or xxRMB XTE latitude longitude and bearing and distance to waypoint DTW and BTW as minimum data Rudder angle Gain Mode Pilot type Rudder angle lock Rudder angle Pilot Mode Pilot Type Graphic representation of the crosstrack error Bearing to Waypoint Gain value Crosstrack error Distance to Waypoint Speed Over Ground Course Over Ground 28 WARNING Make sure your position is as close as possible to the route before engaging the pilot When Crosstrack Error is greater than 04 nm the Gyropilot will apply a 45 angle to the route bearing When reaching the WAYPOINT the pilot triggers an audible alarm keeps the compass heading and quits the GPS mode The skipper must check that the route is safe and that the bearing to the next WAYPOINT is correct before pressing AUTO to resume the GPS mode This has to be repeated for every WAYPOINT WARNING Your GPS or navigation software which is connected to the pilot may be able to legs accordingly 255 Pilot setup saving and recall Up to 10 pilot setups can be saved and used at any time For example you can save a setup for upwind conditions and another one for downwind Saving a pilot setup 29 Recall a pilot setup 256 Pilot alarm You can set two different alarms One is for wind direction variation and another one for low voltage It measures variations in wind direction when the pilot is in compass mode or heading in wind mode A value can be set up for the system to trigger the alarm The default value is 15 The alarm will sound when the wind angle variation is greater than the set value for more than 30 seconds in compass mode and when the heading variation is greater than the set value for more than 30 seconds in wind mode The Multigraphic will display a message and sound beeps in the system It measures variations in The default value is 8 V DC The alarm is triggered when the voltage is lower than the set value The Multigraphic will display a message and sound beeps 30 Alarm setup procedure for the pilot 257 Pilot page on remote display The Pilot page can be temporarily displayed on a remote display according to the Pilot actions generated on the bus Gyropilot Gyrographic Multigraphic With this option enabled the Pilot page will display during 5 seconds as soon as an action is 10 1 Gyropilot control display 31 26 Operation of the Multigraphic as multifunction display Multigraphic is a multifunction display from the TOPLINE range of products It connects to the TOPLINE bus on your system and displays all data available on the bus The keyboard curser pad and scroll down menus make all aspects of the system easy to use Multigraphic facilitates control and use of your Topline system 261 Edit an existing page Once a page has been built see paragraph 23it can be edited to show temporary or permanent changes Temporary modification Temporary modification of a page allows data of your choice to be displayed without saving a new layout Example on the first page choose the bus Voltage instead of COG This modification has not been saved and the previous layout will return the next time the system is powered on 32 Saving a modification to a page You can edit a page and save modifications permanently Example on the first page now choose to display apparent wind angle instead of the bus Voltage and save this new configuration This page configuration can be saved or renamed and saved as a new page 33 27 Setting parameters Press and hold to display the main menu in which you select for the Parameters page Use the up and down arrows of the pad to select and to confirm 271 Display settings The Display Settings menu gives access to The Display Mode The Daylight Mode settings The Night Mode settings The Standby timing 34 2711 Backlighting The can toggle automatically between Night and Day settings driven by a light sensor or can be manually set Backlight settings can be adjusted as required for each Multigraphic independently Backlight setup process Auto Backlighting toggles automatically between Night and Day settings driven by a light sensor The Backlight intensity and the Skin are those set for each Mode Day Backlighting is on with the light intensity and the Skin set for Day Mode Night Backlighting is on with the light intensity and the Skin set for Night Mode Whatever page is currently displayed press and hold OK for 3 seconds to access directly to the backlight levels settings There are 20 levels of Backlighting 2712 Setting Night and Day modes Setting procedures are identical for Day mode and Night mode 35 Backlight intensity setting Skin settings You can choose between 7 Skins for Day and Night modes The default Skins are white for Day and blackred for night Some skins are more appropriate than others depending of the reading angle n 36 2713 timing A time can be set up to 30 minutes When the selected time is reached the display for power saving The Multigraphic will keep working and the screen can be resumed with the simple press of any key or selecting the display on a remote control Setting the Display Standby setting menu This can be done from any page 2714 Locking the keypad setting 37 Once Lock Keypad is activated all keys are inactive and a press on a key pops up an invite to unlock the keypad 272 Data logging stripcharts settings 4 different sets of data can be logged simultaneously over a 48 hour period with a 15 seconds log rate The logged data can be displayed on stripcharts on the Multigraphic stripcharts settings process 273 Language selection Your Multigraphic can be set to display menus in various languages 38 Language setting process 274 Unit selection The Multigraphic can be set to use various units for boat speed depth air temperature sea temperature and wind speed Depending on the information selectable units are knots meters per second kilometres per hour degrees Celsius and degrees Fahrenheit Units setting process 275 Maintenance 2751 Multigraphic node address in the Topline system In this menu you have to give a Topline address to the Multigraphic With address n1 it will be considered as Master and manages the whole system If there is already a Master the Multigraphic will get an address different from 1 and it will 39 behave as Slave This process is carried out automatically if there is no Master in the system the Multigraphic will automatically be selected as Master Systems with an existing Master will automatically deliver a Slave address to the Multigraphic There is always the possibility to reset the address to 0 no address Note the Multigraphic comes with a factory default setting as n0 It has no address and it cannot work with your system Giving an address to the Multigraphic is the very first setting to do once the display is connected to the Topline bus and the installation complete Multigraphic address process Resetting the address 2752 Auxiliary inputs 27521 Console The Multigraphic has a NMEA console allowing NMEA input data to be displayed DwQVfNOX8 40 Access to the NMEA console 27522 NMEA settings The Multigraphic features a NMEA0183 input which allows any compatible to be connected This port converts any NMEA incoming data to Topline channels if they do not already exist on the Topline bus The data will be used by the Topline system Baud rate is automatically detected between 4800 or 38400 Bauds Note NMEA data coming from an AIS receiver connected to the Multigraphic NMEA input is directly available on the Multigraphic and does not require set up NMEA input settings All NMEA channels are activated by default You can choose to inhibit some channels This is done by selecting the chosen channel and pressing Here Speed Over Ground is inhibited Or 41 Press to finish the NMEA settings and update the channels on the Topline bus accordingly 2753 Topline Instrument system This system menu displays the properties and software versions of all the sensors and displays connected to the Topline bus 27531 Utility for the WIFI box When the the following can be displayed Editable SSID WPA key editable WIFI channel IP for the WIFI box WIFI box port Please refer to the WiFi Box manual Software Version WG1GWU 42 2754 Firmware This page displays the Multigraphic software version and date of issue Display the firmware 2755 Memory This menu allows the user to reset the Multigraphic to factory settings Reset the Multigraphic 2756 Simulator There is a simulator available in the Multigraphic Once activated it sends random data to the Topline bus and the symbol is shown to highlight that the system is working in simulation mode DDQQ z z vvvvvv v vnWvv6 43 Simulator menu 2757 Autotest Autotest is useful to check the Multigraphic This procedure verifies the following functions step by step keys colour display light sensor vlightinternal temperature sensor power supply backlighting memory Topline bus NMEA input and output connect the yellow and red wires together for that operation Data logged in cookies Proceed to each step by confirming with OK Once the autotest is complete the Multigraphic restarts 44 All keys 45 28 Sensor settings Go to the main menu by pressing and select to display the sensors page All sensors connected to the Topline bus can be calibrated from this menu Settings Main settings Filter the filter takes the data average value to set a data refresh rate The filter set for apparent wind speed boat speed and heading Regatta compassaffects the Offset applies a correction to data for some sensors Coefficient applies a correction factor for calibration Reset back to default settings of the selected sensor In this example we are setting the damping value for a boat speed sensor 281 Calibration wizard Calibration wizards are available to help you calibrate the apparent wind angle the boat speed and a fluxgate compass not available for the REGATTA compass HHHHHHHHHGY3J 46 2811 Apparent Wind Angle calibration wizard Sail 4 legs upwind to measure the average wind angle on each tack A wind vane offset will be calculated and applied to correct the Apparent Wind Angle Apparent Wind Angle values must be similar from one tack to another 1when the calibration is correct If this is not the case the wind may have shifted or the crew cannot sail with the same angle on each tack upwind Calibration of the Apparent Wind Angle Sail once again on starboard tack and port tack to fill the table for fine calibration Once this is done you will be invited to save the new offset value 47 2812 Boat speed calibration wizard The boat speed is calibrated with the speed over ground as reference You have to sail 05 nM on a constant heading and then sail back 180 the same distance The new calibration is processed from the current calibration value already saved there is no need to reset the calibration value to 1 The COG Course Over Groundfunction must be displayed on the Topline network to achieve the boat speed calibration Boat speed calibration mPJqP Pq Pq m PD sP YDPq PqYD m PqpP sPPq PqpP m PsP YDPqPqVD m OqP Ps Pq m m PqbqyqDb PYqPQqPPPqPyIm PqPIqPPqqqyPq m PDPqqPqPqy YbPyyDqPqPqPPq qPqP PtOqqPPqqPqPm PPqPqPYq JPtPqOI m Pq IPqPqP PyqOqQpPPq qPqP qqPssPPqqPqP m mPqIfqPqPqPI Px mPqPPqy m PYPq m m mPJqP Pq Pq m PD sP YDPq PqYD m PqpP sPPq PqpP m PsP YDPqPqVD m OqP Ps Pq m m PqbqyqDb PYqPQqPPPqPyIm PqPIqPPqqqyPq m PDPqqPqPqy YbPyyDqPqPqPPq qPqP PtOqqPPqqPqPm PPqPqPYq JPtPqOI m Pq IPqPqP PyqOqQpPPq qPqP qqPssPPqqPqP m mPqIfqPqPqPI Px mPqPPqy m PYPq m m mPJqP Pq Pq m PD sP YDPq PqYD m PqpP sPPq PqpP m PsP YDPqPqVD m OqP Ps Pq m m PqbqyqDb PYqPQqPPPqPyIm PqPIqPPqqqyPq m PDPqqPqPqy YbPyyDqPqPqPPq qPqP PtOqqPPqqPqPm PPqPqPYq JPtPqOI m Pq IPqPqP PyqOqQpPPq qPqP qqPssPPqqPqP m mPqIfqPqPqPI Px mPqPPqy m PYPq m m 48 This page displays the current calibration value old correctionthe new calibration value new correctionthe factors calculated from the runs ratio FWBW and the correction factor for boat speed 282 Compass autoadjustment Some magnetic deviation errors are unique to each boat due to the magnetic environment An autoadjustment of the compass is required to make the compass learn this environment and achieve acceptable accuracy 2821 Autoadjustment principle To achieve this a swing procedure is required which consists of turning the boat through a complete and perfect 360 turn clockwise at a constant rate of turn and boat speed During this procedure the compass builds its own deviation curve table Corrections will be applied accurately from 0 to 359 in the sectors of sluggishness and unsteadiness 2822 Compass autoadjustment procedure Conditions to achieve a successful autoadjustment manoeuvre Steady waters without current Safe distance from any source of magnetic field such as cargo ships Safe area for free manoeuvre in a 5 boat length radius Motor at constant low speed 2 or 3 knots ATTENTION the autoadjustment operation needs to be carried with a lot of care Motor the boat at 2 or 3 knots in a perfect circle For the Regatta compass the compass swing must be performed in less than 5 minutes Providing you match these conditions the autoadjustment will be successful HHPP55 49 While swinging the fluxgate or Regatta compass you can display the Course Over Ground in a window to show the progress of the manoeuvre In the case of the Regatta compass without COG data on the bus the progression will not be displayed and you will need to follow the procedure from the bowl compass at the helm Once the autoadjustment has been completed a message will be displayed telling you that the operation was successful or not 2823 Compass deviation table Can be used solely for the fluxgate compass This method can be used to set up the fluxgate compass when it is not easy to complete the automatic compensation The deviation curve needs to be set at points every 30 Each point can be determined using leading lines or by comparing headings against a calibrated compass with the results being used to fill the correction table with the measured values How to fill the correction table 50 When this table is completed your compass is corrected for the deviation curve 2824 Compass adjustment wizard This method can only be used with the fluxgate compass It consists of sailing the boat on the nke compass heading 5 comparing this heading with the magnetic heading over the ground and noting the value every 30 to determine the values for the correction table Compass adjustment procedure OK to save the new correction you want to cancel a correction Repeat this operation every 30 to fill the whole correction table The compass will have its deviation curve implemented once this table is completed 51 Course Heading WIND 283 Drift angle This value is used for true wind VMG corrected heading and current calculation Therefore it must be calculated optimally We use the following formula Lower values indicate higher performance The drift value is always applied whatever the navigation conditions Therefore it has to be an average value valid for all weather conditions or alternatively you can alter that value upon the wind strength The drift angle for each boat speed and heel angle is shown with the polar tables supplied by your architect Calculate the drift factors with the formula below and determine the average value Use a 100 factor if you cannot find the relevant data ie the drift with 17 heel angle and 7 knots boat speed is 10 x 17 72nds 0 346 drift angle As an alternative to this formula an offset value can be set to force the drift angle by setting the factor to 0 and entering the desired value of the drift angle as an offset 52 A maximum value can be set for the drift angle ie with a 5 limit the final result will never exceed 5 even though the data is still processed in the same way Drift angle data processing procedure The procedure is the same for setting the maximum drift angle and the offset for drift angle 284 Sensors access code The sensors access code is meant to protect all calibrations for the sensors connected to the Topline bus Once activated the access to the calibration menu is locked Procedure for sensor access code setting EQYXXXXXXZX X6MpNcp5C5 TTTTTTTTTTTTT TTTTT QD 4 53 Procedure to unlock the sensor menu 29 Alarms settings Press and hold to display the main menu from which you select to display the Alarm page Setting alarms allow keeping watch on the value of set channels Once the set value is reached a message is displayed and an audible signal is emitted For example low and high values can be set for the Boat Speed channel High alarm will be activated when the data reaches the set value and above Low alarm will be activated when the data reaches the set value and below Note that for channels with angle data such as magnetic heading or wind angle the alarms subchannels are based on a value base alarm Setting alarms is an efficient way to monitor the TOPLINE system and the way your boat is sailing 291 Alarm setting procedure In order to use alarms you must first select the data you want to monitor and then determine the low and high values or the base and ranges for angles Once set up the icon indicates the validation of the relevant channel Here is an example of alarm setting for low value of the apparent wind speed 54 292 Procedure for Alarm setting Once you have selected the data to watch the alarm system must be activated on the Topline bus A status window will show before activation 66A 55 293 Procedure for deactivation of Alarms Once alarms are deactivated no data will be monitored by the system 294 Activation of an alarm When an alarm is activated a window will appear showing which data is activating the alarm and an audible signal is emitted The data for this channel is displayed in red on the relevant page of the Multigraphic Press to pause for 10 minutes If after 10 minutes the conditions are still met for the alarm to activate the window will resume yyyZq 56 210 AIS page AIS Automatic Identification Systemis a worldwide system for exchanging information between ships and stations ashore AIS uses dedicated VHF status position and route This information is available to any ship or traffic control station within the signal reception area The NMEA input of the Multigraphic can be connected to an AIS receiver to display AIS targets and to calculate collision risks Glossary CPA Closest Point of Approach is the shortest distance to the meeting point of two vessels in approach This is used to measure the collision risk TCPA Time Closest Point of Approach is the time remaining until CPA hours minutes and seconds N MMSI or selected Number of targets Selected target highlighted in red when in alert position Course Over Ground Over Ground slectionne bearing distance CPA selected target TCPA 57 2101 AIS targets symbol The green targets are nonhazardous vessels and they are not inside the alert limits you have defined The front arrow represents the vessels movement Non moving target The red targets are hazardous vessels that are inside the CPA and TCPA limits you have set The front arrow represents the vessels movement The white and striped targets are vessels from which no AIS message has been received for the last 90 seconds These will no longer been displayed after 10 minutes Selected target is highlighted by a frame AIS Man Overboard If you have not set any alert limits all the targets will appear with a green symbol even those on a collision course Warning 58 2102 Setting the radarlike scale A display scale can be setup for targets in accordance to navigation zones 5 scales are available 1M 2M 4M 6M and 12M The default setting of the Multigraphic is 12M 2103 Setting AIS alarms The Multigraphic features an alarm processor which once connected to an AIS receiver or transponder calculates bearing and distance of a target vessel the CPA Closest Point of Approachthe CPA bearing and the TCPA Time to Closest Point of Approach It generates alarms according to the level activated Alarm if CPA 6 nautical miles and TCPA 30 minutes Alarm if CPA 4 nautical miles and TCPA 20 minutes Alarm if CPA 2 nautical miles and TCPA 15 minutes Alarm off TTTT TThe 59 The red circle represents the alarm zone 2104 Collision avoidance calculation The Multigraphic constantly scans messages received via the AIS The unit will generate an alarm if a target is detected and its CPA and TCPA are both below the level defined The relevant target will appear red Alarm principle The alarm has been set for CPA 4 Mn and TCPA 20 minutes As a result CPA being below 4 miles and the TCPA calculated value being below 20 minutes the Multigraphic triggers an alert Rgl MMMZZZbbb 444HHHeeettt LLLHHH 6HZ3lyirlY 4iF33 60 2105 Dangerous targets list The list of targets representing a threat shows all targets that are in the alarm zone They are sorted by threat level For each of them the MMSI number the bearing the distance the CPA and the TCPA are displayed Any target can be selected from the targets list and pressing displays it on the AIS page 2106 Monitoring the fleet A fleet list shows all AIS targets sorted by distance from the closest The targets that represent a threat are displayed in red Any target can be selected from this targets list and pressing displays it on the AIS page 61 211 Graphs display Some data coming from the Topline sensors can be displayed as a graph All data stored in the log can be displayed as a graph with a zoom function ranging from 5 minutes to 48 hours depending on the time they have been logged Data which is not stored in the log can be displayed on a 5 minutes scale When you build or edit a page a graph widget is shown for the data which can be displayed as a graph 62 2111 Change the graph scale 8 scale levels are available for data which is stored in the log 5 minutes 20 minutes 1 hour 2 hours 6 hours 12 hours 24 hours and 48 hours Procedure to change the graphs scale 63 2112 Resetting the graph Resetting the graph erases the data in the log Displaying other data From a graph page it is possible to display other data This does not affect the page construction It is a temporary display which will not be saved 64 2113 Navigating in the graph Use the left and right arrows to display specific sections of the graph through logged data once you have s 2111 Green marks show no data in log ie the unit was powered off Red marks show that the Topline bus was not in working order 212 Race timer The race timer works as a countdown before the start of a race Two different race procedures can be set up as T1 and T2 The default settings are 8 minutes for T1 and 4 minutes for T2 At the end of the countdown a short audible signal is emitted at the 5 last seconds signal and the start time triggers a long audible signal These audible signals are repeated by every display Once the countdown reaches 0 the timer starts for the race time in hours and minutes The timer data is available on the Topline for any display to repeat it 2121 Using the race timer Setting the race timer Before starting the timer it must be prepared by displaying T1 on the channel 3s 65 Starting the timer To start the timer the Timer must have been selected When T1 counts down a short press on OK toggles to T2 At any time a long press 3s on OK toggles back to T1 Starting the race timer The timer data must be selected before starting the race timer At any time during countdown a long press 3s 2122 Setting the race timer The default settings are 8 minutes for T1 and 4 minutes for T2 Here is the procedure to set the timers to your own values T1 selected T2 T1 66 213 Performance functions 2131 Calculation of the current The Multigraphic will automatically calculate the current when it is set as a master The following channels are created Speed of measured current in knots Direction of measured current in degrees True The data can be displayed on the Multigraphic Contrary to wind direction which is measured as the bearing the wind is blowing from direction is measured in the direction it is travelling towards This value is a True Heading geographic The calculation of the current requires the following channels to be active Magnetic Heading Magnetic Variation Heading Over Ground Boat speed Drift angle The primary sensors must be correctly calibrated to ensure reliable and accurate information 2132 True wind tables The data measured by the wind sensor placed on top of the mast even when on a long carbon arm is affected by the sails The wind flow is disturbed around the sails and rig This is called the upwash This ured raw data measured for the calculation of the true wind direction Therefore the true wind direction may be different from one tack to another and the wind speed varies from upwind to downwind The errors due to upwash can be repeated with sail configurations and wind speed combinations making it possible to apply corrections A correction table can be filled for true wind speed and angle Warning The true wind correction tables only work with the HR or Carbowind sensors featuring the V25 or newer firmware 67 21321 True wind angle table The true wind angle table allows correction of the true wind angle value without rrors twist flow overspeed downwind sensor The true wind data is calibrated by logging the true wind direction differences from one tack to another repeatedly It is recommended that these calibration sessions are run from 5 to 50 knots in winds that are stable in direction TWD port tack TWD starboard tack Add half of the difference between the two True Wind Directions Select the value to be corrected Modify the value The column on the correction to apply in will apply 68 21322 True Wind Speed table Even when placed one meter above the mast head on top of a carbon arm the wind sensor will measure a flow altered by the effects of the mainsail When sailing downwind the mainsail causes an acceleration of the air flow at the mast head and when the boat is heeling the measurement of the wind will be altered A calibration of the wind speed is required for all these reasons Procedure for measurement Hold the boat upwind at no boat speed and measure the average wind speed shown by the display Then while sailing at all wind angles log the wind speed shown on the displays The average values can be used in the correction table Always think about logging these values whenever you sail between 5 and 30 knots The column on the correction to apply in will apply Select the value to be corrected Modify the value 69 21323 Activating the true wind tables The corrections will be implemented once the true wind tables are activated 21324 Resetting the tables at any time to reset the table to the default values 2133 Statistics for the last hour True Wind Direction average of the true wind direction during the past hour Wind shift calculation of the true wind direction standard deviation for the past hour Average wind speed average of the true wind speed data for the past hour Gusts calculation of the of true wind speed standard deviation for the past hour Maximum Speed maximum speed averaged on 12 seconds laps time 2134 Enter the relevant data for increased accuracy in the Regatta page Tack Angle enter the so the boat speed recovering after a tack can be displayed this data is used to calculate the distance to the starting line in this data is required to calculate the distance to the starting line in meters and the time to the starting line 70 214 Regatta page 2141 Presentation of the Regatta page A Starting mode screen B True Wind indicator This indicator gives a quick and accurate view of the true wind direction behaviour o Value range o Current value o Average o Values variations standard deviation Description of the example featured in this page A B C D E F G H 71 The current wind direction is 7magnetic the left end is 0 and the right end is 29 The average value is in the centre of the colour shading which covers the extend of the standard deviation of the wind shifts We note that The shading is centred meaning that the variations between left and right are balanced The shading is spread meaning that the wind shift range is wide the more stable the wind the narrower the shading The pointer indicates the current value It is on the left side of the shading meaning a wind shift to the left The pointer is shown as an average shift to the left The pointer is at 7 on the left side but the display shows that there have been shifts further to the left The data is processed for the past 5 minutes C Timer The timer can be set from the Regatta page T2 Warning The access to the Performance page is locked during the countdown from T1 to T2 nykzz z z z ER E8z uz Rz 8z 888u88Fz Euuz RR8hy 8hhhy huuuEy Ehuy hhy 98Ey Rhxz uyz Rh8hxz RRuwz 88iwy Dh8hwy Euwy R888R8Ewy wy a0jugvv v v v z AWMWv AW7Wv WqWv WMWv YW7Yv W7W77WWq77WAv WWYWAqWqu WMM7WYWWdu W7dWWWddWWu WdqWqqWWWAWWu AWWWcqWWWWWWu WWWWWWdWWWdu 77WWXWWWAWWWtv WWYWWWWWWduv 7WWWWWWWWWWqtv 72 D Start line The committee boat is symbolized by the buoy on the right and the pin is the buoy on the left The favourable side is green In this example it is the committee boat 16 shows the favourable angle value In this example the wind angle to the right side of the perpendicular to the line is 16 By knowing the start line length the MultiGraphic can calculate the gain to windward difference between both ends of the line In this example the 16 favourable side on the committee side of the line gives a 228 meters gain to windward for a 796 meters start line This interesting information shows that the gain to windward grows considerably with the line length and favourable angle value E Distance to the line The distance to the line is displayed in meters and boat lengths The value displayed is the distance between the line and the boats bow not the GPS the bow must be entered in the system via the menu Performance parameters F This is the distance between the committee and the pin in meters G Time to the line The remaining time to the line is calculated from the speed over ground so that the effect of the current is taken in account The time is displayed in seconds when it can be calculated It is the time required for the boat to reach the line given the current boat speed and heading Should boat speed or heading change the time to the line is updated H Start line orientation This is the bearing of the pin from the committee boat side given in True degrees The variation must be added to get the Magnetic bearing 73 21411 Set the start line GPS position antennaor bearing and distance Entering the GPS position Sail as close as possible to the mark at low speed and validate the position when the GPS antenna matches the marks position as much as possible Enter a line end with GPS position Enter a line end with bearing and distance 74 2142 Description of the Tactical screen The Tactical screen automatically displays once the racing timer countdown is over or manually with the key A Magnetic Heading B TWA instant True Wind Angle C AWA instant Apparent Wind Angle D Drift angle between projected course and Layline E COG Course Over Groundcap fond F Bearing to WayPoint G Layline Heading on next leg H Current Direction and Speed related to the boat I Bearing to Waypoint J Distance to Waypoint Distance and bearing to the n1 mark can be displayed with the distance and NMEA input has been set up The Distance and Bearing to Waypoint channels must be free no other interface set up for the NMEA input K Boat Speed A B C D E F G H I J K 75 The 4 data displayed in the example above are AWA TWD mag VMG and TWS They can be selected by the user with the key pad Instant measure of wind angle Measures of wind angle at T2 minutes Measures of wind angle at T4 minutes When the boat comes out of tack the true wind indicator on the top of the Tactic pageitched to a boat speed aid It displays boat speed before tack on the left side and current boat speed on the right to help building boat speed after tack exit 76 215 Instruments calibration 2151 Introduction Accurate and realistic data requires good calibration of the sensors Without calibration you will not get accurate data for true wind direction true wind speed measured drift Poor calibration will produce mistakes that will affect your tactical decisions It is recommended to proceed to calibration in moderate wind conditions and steady water Better results can be achieved when there is no current in the sailing area being used for calibration 2152 Calibrations order Check and calibrate the primary sensors before filling the true wind correction tables o Compass o Speed sensor o Heel angle sensor Here is the order in which the primary sensors need calibration For sensor Sensors setting Compass calibration Heel sensor calibration Speed sensor calibration eedomtre Apparent wind calibration True wind correction tables Drift angle calibration 77 3 INSTALLATION This section describes the installation and configuration of the Multigraphic as well as setting the parameters for an installation with a Gyropilot 2 processor Refer to the Gyropilot 2 manual for the full pilot installation drive unit processor rudder feed 31 Packing list The Multigraphic comes with A Multigraphic with six metres cable featuring TOPLINE bus and an NMEA port A user manual A white sun cover 7260068000 A fixing bolt A TOPLINE connection box with a NMEA port 9060417 32 Suggested spare parts list TOPLINE bus standard junction box 9060121 TOPLINE connection box with a NMEA port 9060417 White sun cover 7260068000 33 Before installing check The best location for the unit must be Easy for the helmsman to read and operate Safe location with low risk of shocks More than 40 cm from a compass Not horizontal Warning Please take time to read this manual carefully before you start installation Any connection to the TOPLINE bus must be performed through the specific interface box 9060417 featuring an NMEA port which comes with the Multigraphic Use only with the TOPLINE bus cable 2061001 All Topline bus connections must be performed while the system is powered off 78 34 Bulkhead installation Check that the surface is clean flat and straight There must be enough space on the other side to run the cable Drill at 15 and 22 according to the drawing below Clean the surface with alcohol Use a silicone on the fixation perimeter Pull the cable through the 22 mm hole Place the display and hand bolt Warning When you fix the display gently tighten the bolt by hand Over tightening may damage the housing and cause a leak Do not use a sealant to fix the display N3 79 35 Connection to the Topline bus and NMEA 1 Run the bus cable from the Gyropilot Graphic to the TOPLINE junction of your system 2 Connect the cable in the junction box Should you want to cut the bus cable to length uncover and tin the wires before connecting them Cable colour code White cable 5 wires functions white 12V TOPLINE bus black Data Topline braid commun red Not connected yellow NMEA NMEA input green NMEA CCC iiiuuuDDD 80 36 Node address for the Multigraphic At the first power on you must give a node address to the Multigraphic to enable it to work The default address is 0 When the unit is given an address it will take a place in the system to be listed in the units working on the TOPLINE bus As a master with node 1 if it is available on the bus As a slave with node 2 to 20 if node 1 is already taken by an existing master Refer to section 2751 to see the address procedure Refer to section 2751 for address resetting 37 Connecting to a NMEA source and configuration The Multigraphic features an interface which converts NMEA sentences to the Topline protocol This allows the system to display the data coming from a NMEA source on the nke displays Connect the NMEA device to the NMEA and NMEA terminals of the 9060417 junction box Be careful to respect the polarity refer to the connection drawing The configuration is described in the section 27522 of this manual 38 Installation and configuration of the Gyropilot Once the Gyropilot is installed you need to configure the system This consists of place the rudder in the midship position then at the starboard lock and then the port lock These three rudder positions are essential for the processor to run the drive unit 81 Procedure Warning The Gyropilot can only perform the automatic tack if the rudder ends are perfectly symmetrical While setting the rudder ends check that this is the case Port lock to midship and starboard lock to midship must be the same 82 4 MULTIGRAPHIC SPECIFICATIONS Feature Value Dimensions With sun cover 196 x 122 x 28mm length x height x depth Without sun cover 192 x 118 x 23mm length x height x depth Weight 800 g with 6 m cable and sun cover Power supply 8V 32V DC Consumption at 12 Volts Day backlight Level 1 100mA Level 20 180 mA night backlight Level 1 100mA Level 20 120mA Standby 91mA NMEA input NMEA 183 baud rate configurable automatically from 4800 or 38400 bauds AIS direct data acquisition Environment Protection IP 68 waterproof at permanent immersion and to high pressure water flow Operation temperature 20C 50C Storage temperature 20C 60C Power supply cable 55 mm 4 wires braid length 6m Display 57 translective embedded LED backlight 83 5 EVENTS MESSAGES Message at system start up indicating the Multigraphic address Multigraphic creates the list search all sensors and displays in the bus it displays addresses for slave displays r out of order by another one Refer The black wire of the Topline bus cable carrying the data is in shortcircuit with one of the 2 other wires This can happen in a junction box the cable itself or one of the units connected to the bus 2 similar sensors are connected to the bus and transmit the same data or an NMEA input has been set for the same data as a sensor present in the bus Check the connected sensors and reset the NMEA inputs TTTTk1TTTTTTTb SS z rrJJz TTTTk1TTTTTTTb SS DDTTTTTTTSTTT z rrJJz TTTTk1TTTTTTTb SS z rrJJz 84 This page is shown when the Man Over Board function has been triggered The dead reckoned distance and bearing to the man over board are ground The timer is triggered to give the time from event This message displays when the power supply to the Topline bus is below 9 Volts Data is saved and the system switches off Check the battery level and eventually charge it With the pilot in wind mode when an alarm has been set and the apparent wind angle is over the defined range Press any key to inhibit the alarm for 7 minutes When the pilot in compass mode and an alarm has been set this will be displayed when the compass heading is over the defined range Press any key to inhibit the alarm for 7 minutes reached a lower voltage than defined in the setup Press any key to inhibit the alarm for 7 minutes WARNING THIS ALARM IS ALWAYS ACTIVATED Charge the battery 85 YOU CAN HELP PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT Please remember to respect the local regulations Hand in the nonworking electrical equipment to an appropriate waste disposal center 1AKORYak1 c6DLTr0h 679GHIQ JpvXr2 hhh2h h8hhDh zNuzruzNu wu Vz p2j2 ZF0d 9p vRqDf0DlD DlDlDllDl LTH lllllDl9lTh 29h546 tt6t466 A97DGG3GkPCB80 y H96qXd 2006 Microsoft Corporation All Rights ReservedThe Wingdings fonts were designed by Kris Holmes and Charles Bigelow in 1990 and 1991 The fonts were originally named Lucida Icons Arrows and Stars to complement the Lucida text font family by the same designers Renamed reorganized and released in 1992 as Microsoft Wingdings the three fonts provide a harmoniously designed set of icons representing the common components of personal computer systems and the elements of graphical user interfaces There are icons for PC monitor keyboard mouse trackball hard drive diskette tape cassette printer fax etc as well as icons for file folders documents mail mailboxes windows clipboard and wastebasket In addition Wingdings includes icons with both traditional and computer significance 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aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia D QXDzzYYFFaH EDEDEeE j Bhja RyE TXYaDRy E I c a a CC5vVp VE PXaYddbQXdd EDYKTX FH FHYYCXddadQX FH Fab CCpE PXaFYhBQSZX TXCBYQX TXCBYTX PK Su O6XxyEGXXY zjqvvtqv zpvqpv zpvov zp vXD4rE DkRETh0 YXRU 2VFFh1h3hFFFh rq rqrq rq rqrq rq Vfus4xss2susx 8svusvusdx bsDu bsDu xu VftVx DVftJVx tVuVx vjuvpx tVruVx VuVx txatutTuvvx vVrutx sutx spx s4xvx vVspx txspx 8wxsxzsxwsXx sdtsjssxVsdx Bu 8sxsx CXEjCD NM 3YCXKPX8Y 3YCXNM EJadRXYYCXIJa 3YNCD8MCX8 3YCXEdjEdiCdD ia DD Eh DEhDY Eh D QXDzzYYY Ej eDD EjD EjDY EUCZXEhEia bj a EaDYCTCTZX EDYY Fab pE PXaFYhY EFRKQXF ha8Y EFPXF ha8YKQXCCYCX FRX88YY bjaD 8 CXY HI8KSKQZX EDYKSXIdIdha bjaD 9YCXFEdaJYDCX EQX E hUX DY E hUXDKPX E DYYYYF ha8FFF Fab pE PXaYh EDYYCX0YKSKQZX EDYKTX TXCBYQX TXCBTX E dPXYhYDeBBeBB bbXY TXYZXY UXcYa UXcYYXiY HXYXY2JSXYcc cSXceQXeeYY UX TXYIY EiD Ia84 J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J J ZJ YJ XJ TJ PJ LJ KJ JJ 6J 0J J J J J J J J J 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