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Uscg Navigation Rules And Regulations Handbook( April 2020)


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9y6BfBOad z F0A Bb HP2NbBNbBbrKb 6brKb 6brKb 6NbBNbB15Eb F F F F F F bbbbbbbbbbbb 6brK4F F F bbbb F F brKIPrKMEF 6brKDbBbrKb 66F LrKb 6bHrKMQQ5b 6brKb 858565 rKb24b brKb 6NbB5E4trKb 6brKb 6vbrKa6brKb 6brKb 6J85HrQbLrKb 68 HD0b6 brK0b O Yav0bW8XAq5PW p8JOs07P W Cf9bR xkv OF CHANGESCHANGE NUMBERDATE OF CHANGEDATE FFECTIVEBY WHOM 414 NTM 8DEC2014 20DEC2014LNM 4914 NTM 5124AUG2015 7SEPT2015LNM 3515 NTM 3729SEPT2015 10OCT2015LNM 3915 NTM 4130NOV2015 12DEC2015LNM 4815 NTM 5028JUL207 14FEB2LNM 0718 NTM 10 NTM EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EFvhEDCCeCCppE EEadPQXEDY ECDCCe ia LEGAL CITATIONS CONVERSION TABLE NAVIGATION RULES AND RULESPART ASUBPART AGENERALRule Application Rule Responsibility Rule General Definitions PART BSUBPART BSTEERING AND SAILING of Vessels n Any Condition of VisibilityRule Lookout Rule Safe Speed Rule Risk of CollisionRule Action to Avoid Collision Rule Narrow Channels Rule 10Traffic Separation SchemesSection IIConduct of Vessels in Sight of One AnotherRule 11Application Rule 12Sailing VesselsRule 13Overtaking Rule 14Headon SituationRule 15Crossing SituationRule 16Actionby Giveway VesselRule 17Action by Standon VesselRule Between Vessels Section IIIConduct of Vessels n Restricted VisibilityRule 19Conduct of Vessels in Restricted Visibility PART CSUBPART CLIGHTS AND SHAPESRule 20Application Rule 21Definitions Rule 22Visibility of Lights Rule 23Powerdriven Vessels Underway Rule 24Towing and Pushing Rule 25Sailing Vessels Underway and Vessels Under Oars Rule 26Fishing Vessels Rule 27Vessels Not Under Command or Restricted inTheir Ability to Maneuver Footnotes proceeded by the doubledagger 207 symbol indicates clarifications added by the US Coast Guard Office of Navigation Systems and are not found in the original source materialPART CSUBPART CLIGHTS AND SHAPES CONTINUEDRule 28Vessels Constrained by Their 29Pilot VesselsRule 30Anchored Vessels and Vessels Aground Anchored vessels aground and moored bargesRule 31Seaplanes PART DSUBPART DSOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALSRule 32Definitions Rule 33Equipment for Sound Signals Rule 34Maneuvering and Warning Signals Rule 35Sound Signals in Restricted Visibility Rule 36Signals to Attract Attention Rule 37Distress Signals PART ESUBPART 38Exemptions ANNEXES INTERNATIONAL AND INLAND NAVIGATION and Technical Details f Lights and Shapes nnexAdditional Signals for Fishing VesselsFishing n Close Proximity Details of Sound nnexBlankPilot Rules INTERPRETATIVE RULESComposite Units Moored Vessels and Unmanned BargesPENALTY RULES Certificate of Alternative InlandWaters Upon Which Inland Rules 9aii 14d 15b and 24i ApplyCOLREGS DEMARCATION OF VESSELS for Negligent Operations and Interfering with Safe Operations Duties Related to Marine Casualty Assistance and Information Post Serious Marine Casualty Alcohol Testing Duty to Provide Assistance at Sea Reporting Requirements Limitation of iability for Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service ilotsVESSEL BRIDGETOBRIDGE RADIOTELEPHONE REGULATIONS VESSEL TRAFFIC 16112c VTSand VMRS Centers Call Frequencies and Monitoring RulesThe International Rules in this book were formalized in the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 and became effective on July 15 1977The Rules commonly called 72 COLREGS are part of the Convention and vessels flying the flags of states ratifying the treaty are bound to the Rules The United States has ratified this treaty and all United States flag vessels must adhere to these Ruleswhere applicable President Gerald R Ford proclaimed 72 COLREGS and the Congress adopted them as the International Navigational Rules Act of 1977The 72 COLREGS were developed by the Maritime Consultative Organization IMCO which inMay 1982 was renamed the International Maritime Organization IMO In November 1981 IMO222s Assembly adopted 55 amendments to the 72 COLREGS which became effective on June 198 The IMO also adopted 9 more amendments which became effective on June 29A single amendment became effective March 19 1991In 1993 8 amendments were adopted by the IMO which entered into forcein The IMO dopted 9 amendments which entered into force November 29 Lastly a single amendment was adopted which updated the Distress signals and entered into force on December 1 2009The International Rules in this book contain these Rules are applicable on waters outside of established navigational lines of demarcation The lines are called COLREGS Demarcation Lines and delineate those waters upon which mariners shall comply with the Inland and International Rules COLREGS Demarcation Lines are contained in this RegulationsThe Inland Rules in this book replace the old Inland Rules Western Rivers Rules Great Lakes Rules their respective pilot rules and interpretive rules and parts of the Motorboat Act of 1940 Many of the old navigation rules were originally enacted in provisions were added to cope with the increasing complexities of water transportation Eventually the navigation rules for United States inland waterways became such a confusing patchwork of requirements that in the 1960222s several attempts were made to revise and simplifythem These attempts were not the signing of the Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 a new effort was made to unify and update the various inland navigation rules This effort culminated in the enactment of the Inland Navigational Rules Act of 1980 This legislation sets out Rules 1 through the main body of the Rules The five Annexes were published as regulationsIt is important to note that with the exception of Annex V to the Inland Rules the International and Inland Rules and Annexes are very similar in both content and formatThe effective date for the Inland Navigation Rules was December 24 1981 except for the Great Lakes where the effective date was March 1 1983On May 17 2010 the US Coast Guard published a Final Rule which placed the Inland Navigational Rules into the Code of Federal move was in accordance with the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2004 which repealed the Inland Navigation Rules as they appeared in United States CodeThis Handbook supersedes Commandant Instruction t maintains the same additional and updated content Not all US Navigation in Title 33 of the Code of Federal Regulationsare contained in this handbookLEGAL CITATIONS72 Navigational Rules Public Law 95Act of 1977 91 Stat 30833 USCCOLREGS Demarcation Lines 33 CFR 8072 COLREGS Implementing Rules 33 CFR 8172 COLREGS Interpretative Rules 33 CFR 82Amendments to 72 COLREGS Effective June 1 198348 FR 28634COLREGS Penalty Provisions33 USC 1608INLAND RULESInland Navigational Rules Act of 1980 Public Law 9694 Stat 341533 CFR 83Annex Positioning and Technical Details of Lights and Shapes33 CFR 84Annex I Additional Signals for Fishing in Close Proximity33 CFR 85Annex III Technical Details of Sound Signal Appliances33 CFR 86Annex IV Distress Signals 33 CFR 87Annex V Pilot Rules 33 CFR 88Inland Navigation Rules CFR 89Inland Navigation Rules Interpretative Rules33 CFR 90Boundary Lines 46 CFR 7Inland Rules Penalty Provisions33 USC 2072VESSEL NAVIGATON BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone ActPublic Law 9285 Stat16433 USCVessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Regulations 33 CFR 26Other FCC egulations ertaining to Maritime CFR Traffic ManagementCFR 161OPERATIONS OF VESSELS for Negligent Operations 33 USC 2302Duties Related to Marine Casualty33 USC 2303Duty to Provide Assistance at Sea 33 USC 2304Vessel Reporting Requirements 33 USC 2306CONVERSION of Metric to US UnitsUS Meters M2808 ft6404 ft6562 ft4921 ft3281 ft2461 ft1968 ft1640 ft820 ft656 ft394 ft328 ft262 ft230 ft7 ft164 ft45 M148 ft40 M131 ft35 M115 ft25 M82 ft20 M66 ft15 M49 ft33 ft354 in236 in197 in300 Millimeters mm 118 in200 mm79 inNAVIGATION Rules shall apply to all vessels upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith navigable by seagoing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of special rules made by an appropriate authority for roadsteads harbors rivers lakes or inland waterways connected with the high seas and navigable by seagoing vessels Such special rules shall conform as closely as possible to these RulescNothing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the Government of any State with respect to additional station or signal lights shapes or whistle signals for ships of war and vessels proceeding under convoy or with respect to additional station or signal lights or shapes for fishing vessels engaged in fishing as a fleet These additional station or signal lightsshapes or whistle signals shall so far as possible be such that they cannot be mistaken for any light shape or signal authorized elsewhere under these RulesdTraffic separation schemes may be adopted by the Organization for the purpose of these may display as a distinctive means of identification an intermittent flashing amber yellow beacon with a sequence of one flash per second for three 3 seconds followed by a three 3 second offperiod 32 CFR 7077 Other special rules made by the Secretary of the Navy with respect to additional station and signal lights are found in Part 706 of Title 32 Code of Federal Regulations 32 CFR CFR 83SUBPART 8301aThese Rules apply to all vessels upon the inland waters of the United States and to vessels of the United States on the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes to the extent thatthere is no conflict with Canadian lawThe regulations in this subchapter ubchapter E 33 CFR parts 83through have preemptive effect over State or locaregulation within the same fieldbiThese Rules constitute special rules made by an appropriate authority within the meaning of Rule 1b of the International Regulationsfor Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 including annexes currently in force for the United States vessels complying with the construction and equipment requirements of the International Regulations are considered to be in compliance with these Rules cNothing in these Rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the Secretary of the Navy with respect to additional station or signal lights and shapes or whistle signals for ships of war and vessels proceeding under convoy or by the Secretary with respect to additional station or signal lights and shapes for fishing vessels engaged in fishing as a fleet These additional station or signal lights and shapes or whistle signals shall so far as possible be such that they cannot be mistaken for any light shape or signal authorized elsewhere under these Rules Notice of such special rules shall be published inthe Federal Register and after the effective date specified in such notice they shall have effect as if they were a part of these RulesdTraffic separation schemes may be established for the purposes of these Rules Vessel traffic service regulations may be in effect in certain may display as a distinctive means of identification an intermittent flashing amber yellow beacon with a sequence of one flash per second for three 3 seconds followed by a three 3 second offperiod 32 CFR 7077 Other special rules made by the Secretary of the Navy with respect to additional station and signal lights are found in Part 706 of Title 32 Code of Federal Regulations 32 CFR the Government concerned shall have determined that a vessel of special construction or purpose cannot comply fully with the provisions of any of these Rules with respect to the number position range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes as well as to the disposition and of such vessel shall comply with such other provisions in regard to the number position range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes as well as to the disposition and of as her Government shall have determined to be the closest possible compliance with these Rules in respect to that vesselRule in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel or the owner master or crew thereof from the consequences of any neglect to comply with these Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen or by the special circumstances of the casebIn construing and complying with these Rules due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision and to any special circumstances including the limitations of the vessels involved which may make a departure from these Rules necessary to avoid immediate the Secretary determines that a vessel or class of vessels of special construction or purpose cannot comply fully with the provisions of any of these Rules with respect to the number position range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes as well as to the disposition and of the vessel shall comply with such other provisions in regard to the number position range or arc of visibility of lights or shapes as well as to the disposition and of as the Secretary shall have determined to be the closest possible compliance with these Rules The Secretary may issue a certificate of alternative compliance for a vessel or class of vessels specifying the closest possible compliance with these Rules The Secretary of the Navy shall make these determinations and issue certificates of alternative mpliance for vessels of the NavyfThe Secretary may accept a certificate of alternative compliance issued by a contracting party to the International Regulations if determines that the alternative compliance standards of the contracting party are substantially the same as those of the United StatesgThe operator of each selfpropelled vessel 12 meters or more in length shall carry on board and maintain for ready reference a copy of these RulesRule 8302aNothing in these Rules shall exonerate any vessel or the owner master or crew thereof from the consequences of any neglect to comply with these Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen or by the special the casebIn construing and complying with these Rules due regard shall be had to all dangers of navigation and collision and to any special circumstances including the limitations of the vessels involved which may make a departure from these Rules necessary to avoid immediate DefinitionsFor the purpose of these Rules except where the context otherwise requiresaThe word vesselincludes every description of water craft including craft WIG craft and seaplanes used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on waterbThe term powermeans any vessel propelled by machinerycThe term sailing vesselmeans any vessel under sail provided that propelling machinery if fitted is not being useddThe term means any vessel fishing with nets lines trawls or other fishing apparatus which restrict but does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus which do not restrict word any aircraft designed to maneuver on the waterfThe term means a vessel which through some exceptional circumstance is unable to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vesselgThe term means a vessel which from the nature of her work is restricted in her ability to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vesselThe term vessels restrictshall include but not be limited toia vessel engaged in laying servicing or picking up a navigation mark submarine cable or pipelineiia vessel engaged in dredging surveying or underwater operationsiiia vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring persons provisions or cargo while underwayiva vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraftva vessel engaged in mineclearance operationsvia vessel engaged in a towing operation such as severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their coursehThe term means apowerdriven vessel which because of her draft in relation to the available depth and width of navigable water is severely restricted in her ability to deviate from the course she is efinitions247 8303For the purpose of these Rules and Subchapter except where the context otherwise requiresaThe word vesselincludes every description of water craft including WIG craftand seaplanes used or capable of being used as a means of transportation on waterbThe term powermeans any vessel propelled by machinerycThe term sailing vesselmeans any vessel under sail provided that propelling machinery if fitted isnot being useddThe term means any vessel fishing with nets lines trawls or other fishing apparatus which restricts but does not include a vessel fishing with trolling lines or other fishing apparatus which donot restrict word any aircraft designed to maneuver on the waterfThe term means a vessel which through some exceptional circumstance is unable to maneuver as required by these Rules and is herefore unable to keep out of the way of another vesselgThe term means a vessel whichfrom the nature of her workis restricted in her ability to maneuver as required by these Rules and is therefore unable to keep out of the way of another vesselThe term include but are not limited toivessel engaged in laying servicing or picking up a navigation mark submarine cableor pipelineiia vessel engaged in dredging surveying or underwater operationsiiia vessel engaged in replenishment or transferring persons provisions or cargo while underwayiva vessel engaged in the launching or recovery of aircraftva vessel engaged in mine clearance operationsvia vessel engaged in a towing operation such as severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their 8390 of Title 33 Code of Federal word means that a vessel is not at anchor or made fast to the shore or agroundjThe words and of a vessel mean her length overall and greatest shall be deemed to be in sight of one another only when one can be observed visually from the otherlThe term means any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog mist falling snow heavy rainstorms sandstorms or any other similar causesmThe term WingInmeans a multimodal craft which in its main operational mode flies in close proximity to the surface by utilizing surfaceeffect word means that a vessel is not at anchor or made fast to the shore or agroundjThe words and of a vessel mean her length overall and greatest shall be deemed to be in sight of one another only when one can be observed visually from the otherlThe term means any condition in which visibility is restricted by fog mist falling snow heavy rainstorms sandstorms or any other similar causesmThe term WingInWIG craft means a multimodal craft which in its main operational mode flies in close proximity tothe surface by utilizing surfaceeffect actionnWestern Riversmeans the Mississippi River its tributaries South Pass and Southwest Pass to the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors rivers and other inland waters of the United States and the Port AllenMorgan City Alternate Route and that part of the Atchafalaya River above its junction with the Port AllenMorgan City Alternate Route including the Old River and the Red RiveroGreat Lakesmeans the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters including the Calumet River as far as the Thomas J O222Brien Lock and Controlling Works between mile 326 and 327 the Chicago River as far as the east side of the Ashland Avenue Bridge between mile 321 and 322 and the Saint Lawrence River as far east as the lower exit of Saint Lambert the Secretary of the epartment in which the Coast Guard is the navigable waters of the United States shoreward of the navigational demarcation lines dividing the high seas from harbors rivers and ther inland waters of the United States and the waters of the Great Lakes on the United States side of the International Boundaryror Navigational Rules and the annexes thereto which govern the conduct of vessels and specify the lights shapes and sound signals that apply on inland the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 including annexes currently in force for the United and Sailing RulesPART BSTEERING AND SAILING RULESSection IConduct of Vessels in AnyCondition of in this Section apply to any condition of vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of and Sailing RulesSUBPART BSTEERING AND SAILING RULESConduct of Vessels in AnyCondition of 8304Rules 4 through 10 247247 8304 through 8310 apply in any condition of 8305Every vessel shall at all times maintain a proper lookout by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of and SpeedEvery vessel shall at all times proceed at a safe speed so that she can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditionsIn determining a safe speed the following factors shall be among those taken into accountaBy all vesselsithe state of traffic density including concentrations of fishing vessels or any other vesselsiiithe of the vessel with special reference to stopping distance and turning ability in the prevailing conditionsivat night the presence of background light such as from shore lights or from back scatter of her own lightsvthe state of wind sea and current and the proximity of navigational hazardsvithe draft in relation to the available depth of by vessels with operational radarithe efficiency and limitations of the radar equipmentiiany constraints imposed by the radar range scale in useiiithe effect on radar detection of the sea state weather and other sources of possibility that small vessels ice and other floating objects may not be detected by radar at an adequate rangevthe number location and movement of vessels detected by radarvithe more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the and Sailing RulesuleSafe peed247 8306Every vessel shall at alltimes proceed at a safe speed so that she can take proper and effective action to avoid collision and be stopped within a distance appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditionsIn determining a safe speed the following factors shall be among those taken into accountaBy all vesselsihe state of visibilityiihe traffic density including concentration of fishing vessels or any other vesselsiiihe of the vessel with special reference to stopping distance and turning ability in the prevailing conditionsivt night the presence of background light such as from shore lights or from back scatter of her own lightsvhe state of wind sea and current and the proximity of navigational hazardsvihe draft in relation to the available depth of by vessels with operational radarihe efficiency and limitations of the radar equipmentiiny constraints imposed by the radar range scale in useiiihe effect on radar detection of the sea state weather and other sources of possibility that small vessels ice and other floating objects may not be detected by radar at an adequate rangevhe number location and movement of vessels detected by radar vihe more exact assessment of the visibility that may be possible when radar is used to determine the range of vessels or other objects in the and Sailing RulesuleRisk of vessel shall use all available means appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions to determine if risk of collision exists If there is any doubt such risk shall be deemed to existbProper use shall be made of radar equipment if fitted and operational including longrange scanning to obtain early warning ofrisk of collision and radar plotting or equivalent systematic observation of detected shall not be made on the basis of scanty information especially scanty radar informationdIn determining if risk of collision exists the following considerations shall be among those taken into accountisuch risk shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably changeiisuch risk may sometimes exist even when an appreciable bearing change is evident particularly when approaching a very large vessel or a tow or when approaching a vessel at close and Sailing RulesuleRisk of ollision247 8307aEvery vessel shall use all available means appropriate to the prevailing circumstances and conditions to determine if risk of collision exists If there is any doubt such risk shall be deemed to existbProper use shall be made of radar equipment if fitted and operational including longrange scanning to obtain early warning of risk of collision and radar plotting or equivalent systematic observation of detected shall not be made on the basis of scanty information especially scanty radar informationdIn determining if risk of collision exists the following considerations shall be among those taken into accountiuch risk shall be deemed to exist if the compass bearing of an approaching vessel does not appreciably changeiiuch risk may sometimes exist even when an appreciable bearing change is evident particularly when approaching a very large vessel or a tow or when approaching a vessel at close and Sailing RulesuleAction to Avoid CollisionaAny action taken to avoid collision shallbe taken in accordance with the Rules of this Part and shall if the circumstances of the case admit be positive made in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanshipbAny alteration of course andor speed to avoid collision shall if the circumstances of the case admit be large enough to be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar a succession of small alterations of course andor speed should be avoidedcIf there is sufficient sea room alteration of course alone may be the most effective action to avoid a closequarters situation provided that it is made in good time is substantial and does not result in another closequarters taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be suchas to result in passing at a safe distance The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is finally past and cleareIf necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to assess the situation a vessel shall slacken herspeed or take all way off by stopping or reversing her means of propulsionfiA vessel which by any of these rules is required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall when required by the circumstances of the case take early action to allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other vesseliiA vessel required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation if approaching the other vessel so as to involve risk of collision and shall when taking action have full regard to the action which may be required by the rules of this partiiiA vessel the passage of which is not to be impeded remains fully obliged to comply with the rules of this part when the two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of and Sailing RulesuleAction to void ollision247 8308aAny action taken to avoid collision shallbe taken in accordance with the Rules of this ubpart Rules 4247247 8304 through 8319and shall if the circumstances of the case admit be positive made in ample time and with due regard to the observance of good seamanshipbAny alteration of course andor speed to avoid collision shall if the circumstances of the case admit be large enough to be readily apparent to another vessel observing visually or by radar a succession of small alterations of course andor speed should be avoidedcIf there is sufficient sea room alteration of course alone may be the most effective action to avoid a closequarters situation provided that it is made in good time is substantial and does not result in another closequarters taken to avoid collision with another vessel shall be such as to result in passing ata safe distance The effectiveness of the action shall be carefully checked until the other vessel is finally past and cleareIf necessary to avoid collision or allow more time to assess the situation a vessel shall slacken her speed or take all way off by stopping or reversing her means of propulsionfi A vessel which by any of these ules is required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel shall when required by the circumstances of the case take early action to allow sufficient sea room for the safe passage of the other vesseliiA vessel required not to impede the passage or safe passage of another vessel is not relieved of this obligation if approaching the other vessel so as to involve risk of collision and shall when taking action have full regard to the action which may be required by the rules of SubpartB Rules 4iiiA vessel the passage of which is not to be impeded remains fully obliged to comply with the ules of SubpartB Rules 419when the two vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of and Sailing RulesuleNarrow ChannelsaA vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which ies on her starboard side as is safe and practicable bA vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailingvessel shall not impede the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within a narrow channel or fairwaycA vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway dA vessel shall not cross a narrow channel or fairway if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within such channel or fairway The latter vessel may use the sound signal prescribed in Rule 34d if in doubt as to the intention of thecrossing vesselei In a narrow channel or fairway when overtaking can take place only if the vessel to be overtaken has to take action to permit safe passing the vessel intending to overtake shall indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34ci The vessel to be overtaken shall if in agreement sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34cii and take steps to permit safe passing If in doubt she may sound the signals prescribed in Rule 34diiThis Rule does not relieve the overtaking vessel of her obligation under Rule 13fA vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34egAny vessel shall if the circumstances of the case admit avoid anchoring in a narrow and Sailing RulesuleNarrow hannels247 8309a iA vessel proceeding along the course of a narrow channel or fairway shall keep as near to the outer limit of the channel or fairway which lies on her starboard side as is safe and paragraph ai of this Rule and Rule 14a247 8314aa powerdriven vessel operating in narrow channels or fairways on the Great Lakes Western Rivers or waters specified by the Secretary and proceeding downbound with a following current shall have the rightway over an upbound vessel shall propose the manner and place of passage and shall initiate the maneuvering signals prescribed by Rule 34ai247 8334ai as appropriateThe vessel proceeding upbound against the current shall hold as necessary to permit safe passingbA vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the passage of a vessel that can safely navigate only within a narrow channel or fairwaycA vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any other vessel navigating within a narrow channel or fairway dA vessel shall not cross a narrow channel or fairway if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within that channel or fairway The latter vessel mustuse the signal prescribed in Rule 34d8334dif in doubt as to the intention of the crossing vesselei In a narrow channel or fairway when overtaking the powerdriven vessel intending to overtake another powerdriven vessel shall indicate her intention by sounding the appropriate in Rule 34c 8334c and take steps to permit safe passing The powerdriven vessel being overtaken if in agreement shall sound the same signal and may if specifically agreed totake steps to permit safe passing If in doubt she shall sound the signal prescribed in Rule 34d247 8334dii This Rule does not relieve the overtaking vessel of her obligation under Rule 13247 8313fA vessel nearing a bend or an area of a narrow channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall navigate with particular alertness and caution and shall sound the appropriate signal prescribed in Rule 34e247 shall if the circumstances of the case admit avoid anchoring in a narrow channelSee 33 CFR 8925 provided for reference onpage 145 of this and Sailing Separation SchemesaThis Rule applies to traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization and does not relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other rulebA vessel using a traffic separation scheme shalliproceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that laneiiso far as practicable keep clear of a traffic separation line or separation join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane but when joining or leaving from either side shall do so at as small an angle to the general direction of traffic flow as practicablecA vessel shall so far as practicable avoid crossing traffic lanes but if obliged to do so shall cross on a heading as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flowdiA vessel shall not use an inshore traffic zone when she can safely use the appropriate traffic lane within the adjacent traffic separation scheme However vessels of less than 20 meters in length sailing vessels and vessels engaged in fishing may use the inshore traffic subparagraph di a vessel may use an inshore traffic one when en route to or from a port offshore installation or structure pilot station or any other place situated within the inshore traffic zone or to avoid immediate dangereA vessel other than a crossing vessel or a vessel joining or leaving a lane shall not normally enter a separation zone or cross a separation line exceptiin cases of emergency to avoid immediate dangeriito engage in fishing within a separation zonefA vessel navigating in areas near the terminations of traffic separation schemes shall do so with particular cautiongA vessel shall so far as practicable avoid anchoring in a traffic separation scheme or in areas near its terminationshA vessel not using a traffic separation scheme shall avoid it by as wide a margin as is practicableiA vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any vessel following a traffic lanejA vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the safe passage of a powerdriven vessel following a traffic and Sailing separation schemes247 8310aThis Rule applies to traffic separation schemes and does not relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other Rulein ubchapter EbA vessel using a traffic separation scheme shalliroceed in the appropriate traffic lane in the general direction of traffic flow for that laneiio far as practicable keep clear of a traffic separation line or separation zoneiiiormally join or leave a traffic lane at the termination of the lane but when joining or leaving from either side shall do so at as small an angle to the general direction of traffic flow as practicablecA vessel shall so far as practicable avoid crossing traffic lanes but if obliged to do so shall cross on a heading as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flowdiA vessel shall not use an inshore traffic zone when she can safely use the appropriate traffic lane within the adjacent traffic separation scheme However vessels of less than 20 meters in length sailing vessels and vessels engaged in fishing may use the inshore traffic subparagraph diof this Rule a vessel may use an inshore traffic zone when en route to or from a port offshore installation or structure pilot station or any other place situated within the inshore traffic zone or to avoid immediate dangereA vessel other than a crossing vessel or a vessel joining or leaving a lane shall not normally enter a separation zone or cross a separation line exceptin cases of emergency to avoid immediate danger iio engage in fishing within a separation zonefA vessel navigating in areas near the terminations of traffic separation schemes shall do so with particular cautiongA vessel shall so far as practicable avoid anchoring in a traffic separation scheme or in areas near its terminationshA vessel not using a traffic separation scheme shall avoid it by as wide a margin as is practicableiA vessel engaged in fishing shall not impede the passage of any vessel following a traffic lanejA vessel of less than 20 meters in length or a sailing vessel shall not impede the safe passage of a powerdriven vessel following a traffic lanearts 8390 of Title 33 Code of Federal and Sailing vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an operation for the maintenance of safety of navigation in a traffic separation scheme is exempted from complying with this Rule to the extent necessary to carry out the operationlA vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an operation for the laying servicing or picking up of a submarine cable within a traffic separation scheme is exempted from complying with this Rule to the extent necessary to carry out the of Vessels in Sight ofOne AnotherRule in this section apply to vessels in sight of one anotherRule 12Sailing VesselsaWhen two sailing vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of collision one ofthem shall keep out of the way of the other as followsiwhen each has the wind on a different side the vessel which has the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the otheriiwhen both have the wind on the same side the vessel which is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to leewardiiiif a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other vessel has the wind on the port or on the starboard side she shall keep out of the way of the otherbFor the purposes of this Rule the windward side shall be deemed to be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or in the case of a squarerigged vessel the side opposite to that on which the largest foreandaft sail is and Sailing vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an operation for the maintenance of safety of navigation in a traffic separation scheme is exempted from complying with this Rule to the extent necessary to carry out the operationlA vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when engaged in an operation for the laying servicing or picking up of a submarine cable within a traffic separation scheme is exempted from complying with this ule to the extent necessary to carry out the of Vessels in Sight ofOne AnotherRule 8311Rules 11 through 18247247 8311 through 8318 apply to vessels in sight of one anotherRule Sailing essels247 8312aWhen two sailing vessels are approaching one another so as to involve risk of collision one of them shall keep out of the way of the other as followsihen each has the wind on a different side the vessel which has the wind onthe port side shall keep out of the way of the otheriihen both have the wind on the same side the vessel which is to windward shall keep out of the way of the vessel which is to leewardiiif a vessel with the wind on the port side sees a vessel to windward and cannot determine with certainty whether the other vessel has the wind on the port or on the starboard side she shall keep out of the way of the otherbFor the purpose of this Rulethe windward side shall be deemed to be the side opposite to that on which the mainsail is carried or in the case of a squarerigged vessel the side opposite to that on which the largest foreandaft sail is and Sailing anything contained in the Rules of Part B Sections I and II any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel being overtakenbA vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 225abaft her beam that is in such a position with reference to the vessel she is overtaking that at night she would be able to see only the sternlight of that vessel but neither of her a vessel is in any doubt as to whether she is overtaking another she shall assume that this is the case and act subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these Rules or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clearRule 14Headon SituationaWhen two powerdriven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the otherbSuch a situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the other ahead or nearly ahead and by night she could see the masthead lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line andor both sidelights and by day she observes the corresponding aspect of the other vesselcWhen a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation exists she shall assume that it does exist and act and Sailing anything contained in Rules 4 through 18247247 8304 through 8318 any vessel overtaking any other shall keep out of the way of the vessel being overtakenbA vessel shall be deemed to be overtaking when coming up with another vessel from a direction more than 225 degrees abaft her beam that is in such a position with reference to the vessel she is overtaking that at night she would be able to see only the sternlight of that vessel but neither of her a vessel is in any doubt as to whether she is overtaking another she shall assume that this is the case and act subsequent alteration of the bearing between the two vessels shall not make the overtaking vessel a crossing vessel within the meaning of these Rules or relieve her of the duty of keeping clear of the overtaken vessel until she is finally past and clearRule 14Headon ituation247 8314aUnless otherwise agreed when two powerdriven vessels are meeting on reciprocal or nearly reciprocal courses so as to involve risk of collision each shall alter her course to starboard so that each shall pass on the port side of the otherbSuch a situation shall be deemed to exist when a vessel sees the other ahead or nearly ahead and by night she could see the masthead lights of the other in a line or nearly in a line andor both sidelights and by day she observes the corresponding aspect of the other vesselcWhen a vessel is in any doubt as to whether such a situation exists she shall assume that it does exist and act paragraph a of this Rule a powerdriven vessel operating on the Great Lakes Western Rivers or waters specified by the Secretary and proceeding downbound with a following current shall have the rightway over an upbound vessel shall propose the manner of passage and shall initiate the maneuvering signals prescribed by Rule 34ai247 8334ai as appropriateSee 33 CFR 8925 provided for reference onpage 145 of this and Sailing powerdriven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision the vessel which has the other on her own starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall if the circumstances of the case admit avoid crossing ahead of the other vesselRule 16Action by Giveway VesselEvery vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of another vessel shall so far as possible take early and substantial action to keep well clearRule 17Action by Standon VesselaiWhere one of two vessels is to keep out of the way the other shall keep her course and speediiThe latter vessel mayhowevertake action to avoid collision by her maneuver alone as soon as it becomes apparent to her that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking appropriate action in compliance with these RulesbWhen from any cause the vessel required to keep her course and speed finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the giveway vessel alone she shall take such action as will best aid to avoid collisioncA powerdriven vessel which takes action in a crossing situation in accordance with subparagraph aii of this Rule to avoid collision with another powerdriven vessel shall if the circumstances of the case admit not alter course to port for a vessel on her own port sidedThis Rule does not relieve the giveway vessel of her obligation to keep out of the and Sailing ituation247 8315aWhen two powerdriven vessels are crossing so as to involve risk of collision the vessel which has the other on her starboard side shall keep out of the way and shall if the circumstances of the case admit avoid crossing ahead of the other paragraph aof this Rule on the Great Lakes Western Rivers or water specified by the Secretary a powerdriven vessel crossing a river shall keep out of the way of a powerdriven vessel ascending or descending the riverRule 16Action by way essel247 8316Every vessel which is directed to keep out of the way of another vessel shall so far as possible take early and substantial action to keep well clearRule 17Action by tandon essel247 8317aiWhere one of two vessels is to keep out of the way the other shall keep her course and speediiThe latter vessel may however take action to avoid collision by her maneuver alone as soon as it becomes apparent to her that the vessel required to keep out of the way is not taking appropriate action in compliance with these RulesbWhen from any cause the vessel required to keep her course and speed finds herself so close that collision cannot be avoided by the action of the giveway vessel alone she shall take such action as will best aid to avoid collisioncA powerdriven vessel which takes action in a crossing situation in accordance with paragraph aii of this Rule to avoid collision with another powerdriven vessel shall if the circumstances of the case admit not alter course to port for a vessel on her own port sidedThis Rule does not relieve the giveway vessel of her obligation to keep out of the waySee 33 CFR 8925 provided for reference onpage 145 of this and Sailing Between VesselsExcept where Rules 9 10 and 13 otherwise requireaA powerdriven vessel underway shall keep out of the way ofia vessel not under commandiia vessel restricted in her ability to maneuveriiia vessel engaged in fishingiva sailing vesselbA sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way ofia vessel not under commandiia vessel restricted in her ability to maneuveriiia vessel engaged in fishingcA vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall so far as possible keep out of the way ofia vessel not under commandiia vessel restricted in her ability to maneuverdiAny vessel otherthan a vessel not under command or a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver shall if the circumstances of the case admit avoid impeding the safe passage of a vessel constrained by her draft exhibiting the signals in Rule 28iiA vessel constrained by her draft shall navigate with particular caution having full regard to her special conditioneA seaplane on the water shall in general keep well clear of all vessels and avoid impeding their navigation In circumstances however where risk of collision exists she shall comply with the Rules of this PartfiA WIG craft shall when taking off landing and in flight near the surface keep well clear of all other vessels and avoid impeding their navigationiiA WIG craft operating on the water surface shall comply with the Rules of this Part as a powerdriven and Sailing etween essels247 8318Except where Rules 9 10 and 13 247247 8309 8310 and 8313 otherwise requireaA powerdriven vessel underway shall keep out of the way ofivessel not under restricted in her ability to engaged in fishing ivsailing vesselbA sailing vessel underway shall keep out of the way ofivessel not under restricted in her ability to maneuver andiiivessel engaged in fishingcA vessel engaged in fishing when underway shall so far as possible keep out of the way ofivessel not under command andiivessel restricted in her ability to seaplane on the water shall in general keep well clear of all vessels and avoid impeding their navigation In circumstances however where risk of collision exists she shall comply with the Rules of this SubpartRules 4247247 4 through 8319andfi a WIG craft shall when taking off landing and in flight near the surface keep well clear of all other vessels and avoid impeding their navigation and iiWIG craft operating on the water shall comply with the Rules of this Subpart Rules 419 247247 834 through 8319 as a powerdriven and Sailing RulesSection IIIConduct of Vessels in Restricted of Vessels in Restricted Rule applies to vessels not in sight of one another when navigating in or near an area of restricted vessel shall proceed at a safe speed adapted to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility A powerdriven vessel shall have her engines ready for immediate maneuvercEvery vessel shall have due regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility when complying with the Rules of Section I of this partdA vessel which detects by radar alone the presence of another vessel shall determine if a closequarters situation is developing andor risk of collision exists If so she shall take avoiding action in ample time provided that when such action consists of an alteration of course so far as possible the following shall be of course to port for a vessel forward of the beam other than for a vessel being overtakeniian alteration of course towards a vessel abeam or abaft the beameExcept where it has been determined that a risk of collision does not exist every vessel which hears apparently forward of her beam the fog signal of another vessel or which cannot avoid a closequarters situation with another vessel forward of her beam shall reduce her speed to the minimum at which she can be kept on course She shall if necessary take all her way off and in any event navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is and Sailing RulesConduct of Vessels in of essels in estricted Rule applies to vessels not in sight of one another when navigating in or near an area of restricted vessel shall proceed at a safe speed adapted to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility A powerdriven vessel shall have her engines ready for immediate maneuvercEvery vessel shall have due regard to the prevailing circumstances and conditions of restricted visibility when complying with Rules 4 through 10247247 8304 through 8310dA vessel which detects by radar alone the presence of another vessel shall determine if a closequarters situation is developing andor risk of collision exists If so she shall take avoiding action in ample time provided that when such action consists of an alteration of course so far as possible the following shall be avoidedin alteration of course to port for a vessel forward of the beam other than for a vessel being overtaken iin alteration of course toward a vessel abeam or abaft the beameExcept where it has been determined that a risk of collision does not exist every vessel which hears apparently forward of her beam the fog signal of another vessel or which cannot avoid a closequarters situation with another vessel forward of her beam shall reduce her speed to the minimum at which she can be kept on course She shall if necessary take all her way off and in any event navigate with extreme caution until danger of collision is and ShapesPART CLIGHTS AND in this part shall be complied with in all weathersbThe Rules concerning lights shall be complied with from sunset to sunrise and during such times no other lights shall be exhibited except such lights as cannot be mistaken for the lights specified in these Rules or do not impair their visibility or distinctive character or interfere with the keeping of a proper lookoutcThe lights prescribed by these Rules shall if carried also be exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and may be exhibited in all other circumstances when it is deemed necessarydThe Rules concerning shapes shall be complied with by dayeThe lights and shapes specified in these Rules shall comply with thprovisions of nnex I to these and ShapesSUBPART CLIGHTS AND 8320aRules in this ubpart Rules 2031 247247 8320 through 8331 shall becomplied with in all weathersbThe Rules concerning lights 247247 8320 through 8331 shall be complied with from sunset to sunrise and during such times no other lights shall be exhibited except such lights as cannot be mistaken for the lights specified in these Rules or do not impair their visibility or distinctive character or interfere with the keeping of a proper lookoutcThe lights prescribed by these Rules shall if carried also be exhibited from sunrise to sunset in restricted visibility and may be exhibited in all other circumstances when it is deemed necessarydThe Rules concerning shapes shall be complied with by dayeThe lights and shapes specified in these Rules shall comply with the provisions of Annex I of these Rules33 CFR art 84fA vessel222s navigation lights and shapes may be lowered if necessary to pass under a and a white light placed over the fore and aft centerline of the vessel showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 225and so fixed as to show the light from right aheadto 225abaft the beam on either side of the vesselbmeans a green light on the starboard side and a red light on the port side each showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 1125and so fixed as to show the light from rightahead to 225abaft the beam on its respective side In a vessel of less than 20m in length the sidelights may be combined in one lantern carried on the fore and aft centerline of the vesselcmeans a white light placed as nearly as practicable at the stern showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 135and so fixed as to show the light 675from right aft on each side of the vesseldmeans a yellow light having the same as the defined in paragraph c of this RuleeAllmeans a light showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 360fmeans a light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 120 flashes or more per and 8321ameans a white light placed over the fore and aft centerline of the vessel showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 225 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the vessel except that on a vessel of less than 12 meters in length the masthead light shall be placed as nearly as practicable to the fore and aft centerline of the vesselbmean a green light on the starboard side and a red light on the port side each showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 1125 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to 225 degrees abaft the beam on its respective side On a vessel of less than 20 meters in length the sidelights may be combined in one lantern carried on the fore and aft centerline of the vessel except that on a vessel of less than 12 meters in length the sidelights when combined in one lantern shall be placed as nearly as practicable to the fore and aft centerline of the a white light placed as nearly as practicable at the stern showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 135 degrees and so fixed as to show the light 675 degrees from right aft on each side of the vesseldmeans a yellow light having the same as the defined in paragraph c of this RuleeAllmeans a light showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of 360 degreesfmeans a light flashing at regular intervals ata frequency of 120 flashes or more per minutegmeans a yellow light flashing at regular intervals at a frequency of 50 to 70 flashes per minute placed as far forward and as nearly as practicable on the fore and aft centerline of the tow and showing an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of not less than 180 degrees nor more than 225 degrees and so fixed as to show the light from right ahead to abeam and no more than 225 degrees abaft the beam on either side of the and of LightsThe lights prescribed in these Rules shall have an intensity as specified in Section 8 of Annex I to these Regulations so as to be visible at the following minimum rangesaIn vessels of 50 meters or more in lengtha masthead light 6 milesa sidelight 3 milesa sternlight 3 milesa towing light 3 milesa white red green or yellow allround light 3 milesbIn vessels of 12 meters or more in length but less than 50 meters in lengtha masthead light 5 miles except that where the length of the vessel is less than 20 meters 3 milesa sidelight 2 milesa sternlight 2 milesa towing light 2 milesa white red green or yellow allround light 2 milescIn vessels of less than 12 meters in lengtha masthead light 2 milesa sidelight 1 milea sternlight 2 milesa towing light 2 milesa white red green or yellow allround light 2 milesdIn inconspicuous partly submerged vessels or objects being toweda white allround light 3 and of ights247 8322The lights prescribed in these Rules Subpart Cshall have anintensity as specified in Annex I to these Rules33 CFR part so as to be visible at the following minimum rangesa In a vessel of 50 meters or more in light 6 3 3 milesivtowing light 3 milesvwhite red green or yellow allround light 3 miles andvipecial flashing light 2 milesb In a vessel of 12 meters or more in length but less than 50 meters in light 5 miles except that where the length of the vessel is less than 20 meters 3 2 2 milesivtowing light 2 milesvwhite red green or yellow allround light 2 miles andvipecial flashing light 2 milesc In a vessel of less than 12 meters in light 2 1 2 milesivtowing light 2 milesvwhite red green or yellow allround light 2 miles andvipecial flashing light 2 milesd In an inconspicuous partly submerged vessel or object being towediwhite allround light 3 and Vessels UnderwayaA powerdriven vessel underway shall exhibitia masthead light forwardiia second masthead light abaft of and higher than the forward one except that a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such light but may do andiva vessel underway50 meters or greater in lengthSame for and essels nderway247 8323aA powerdriven vessel underway shall light masthead light abaft of and higher than the forward one except that a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such light but may do soiiiidelights vessel underwayless than 50 meters in lengthSame for and Shapesule CONTINUEDbAn aircushion vessel when operating in the mode shall in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit an allround flashing yellow lightcA WIG craft only when taking off landing and in flight near the surface shall in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit a high intensity allround flashing red vessel when operating in the less than 50 meters in lengthSame for and aircushion vessel when operating in the mode shall in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit an allround flashing yellow light where it can best be seencA WIG craft only when taking off landing and in flight near the surface shall in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit a high intensity allround flashingred vessel when operating in the less than 50 meters in lengthSame for and powerdriven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may in lieu of the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit an allround white light and sidelightsiia powerdriven vessel of less than 7 meters in length whose maximum speed does not exceed 7 knots may in lieu of the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit an allround white light and shall if practicable also exhibit masthead light or allroundwhite light on a powerdriven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may be displaced from the fore and aft centerline of the vessel if centerline fitting is not practicable provided that the sidelights are combined in one lantern which shall be carriedon the fore and aft centerline of the vessel or located as nearly as practicable in the same fore and aft line as the masthead light or the allround white vessel of less than 7 meters in length whose maximum speed does not exceed 7 and Shapesule CONTINUEDdA powerdriven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may in lieu of the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit an allround white light and vessel of less than 12 meters in lengthSame for and and Shapesule CONTINUEDeA powerdriven vessel when operating on the Great Lakes may carry an allround white light in lieu of the second masthead light and sternlight prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule The light shall be carried in the position of the second masthead light and be visible at the same minimum vessel on Great and and PushingaA powerdriven vessel when towing shall of the light prescribed in Rule 23ai or aii two masthead lights in a vertical line When the length of the tow measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the after end of the towexceeds 200 meters three such lights in a vertical sternlightiva towing light in a vertical line above the sternlight and vwhen the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters a diamond shape where it can best be vessel towing asterntowing vessel less than 50 meters in length length of tow exceeds 200 metersSame for and and pushing8324aA powerdriven vessel when towing astern shall exhibitinstead of the light prescribed either in Rule 23ai or 23aii8323ai and ii two masthead lights in a vertical line When the length of the tow measuring from the stern of the towing vessel to the after end of the tow exceeds 200 meters three such lights in a vertical light in a vertical line above the sternlight and vhen the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters a diamond shape where it can best be vessel towing asterntowing vessel less than 50 meters in length length of tow 200 meters or lessSame for and a pushing vessel and a vesselbeing pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a powerdriven vessel and exhibit the lights prescribed in Rule 23Composite unit underwaySame for and a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a powerdriven vessel and exhibit the lights prescribed in Rule 23247 8323Composite unit underwayless than 50 meters in lengthSame for and Shapesule CONTINUEDcA powerdriven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside except in the case of a composite unit shall of the light prescribed in Rule 23ai or 23aii two masthead lights in a vertical andiiia vessel pushing ahead or towing vessel less than 50 meters in onlydA powerdriven vessel to which paragraph a or c of this Rule appliesshall also comply with Rule vessel towing asternlength of tow 200 meters or less The after masthead light is optional for vessel less than 50 meters in ength Same for and powerdriven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside except as required by paragraphs b and i of this Rule shall exhibitinstead of the light prescribed either in Rule 23ai or 23aii8323ai and ii two masthead lights in a vertical andiiiwo towing lights in a vertical vessel pushing ahead or towing alongsideowing vessel less than 50 meters in lengthInland onlydA powerdriven vessel to which paragraphs a or c of this Rule appliesshall also comply with Rule 23ai and 23aii247 8323ai or iiPowerdriven vessel towing asternlength of tow 200 meters or less When masthead lights for towing or pushing are exhibited aft a forward masthead light is required Same for and vessel or object being towed other than those mentioned in paragraph g of this Rule shall the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters a diamond shape where it can best be seenVessel or object being towedlength of tow exceeds 200 meters Same for and Shapesule CONTINUEDeA vessel or object other than those referred to in paragraph g of this Rule being towed shall andiiihen the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters a diamond shape where it can best be seenVessel being towedlength of tow 200 meters or less Same for and Shapesule that any number of vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a group shall be lighted as one vesselia vesselbeing pushed ahead not being part of a composite unit shall exhibit at the forward end sidelightsiia vessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight and at the forward end being pushed ahead not being part of a composite onlyVessel being towed and that any number of vessels being towed alongside or pushed in a group shall be lighted as one vessel except as provided in paragraph fiiiof this Ruleivessel being pushed ahead not being part of a composite unit shall exhibit at the forward endsidelights and a special flashing lightiivessel being towed alongside shall exhibit a sternlight and at the forward end sidelights and a special flashing lightiiihen vessels are towed alongside on both sides of the towingvessela sternlight shall be exhibited on the stern of the outboard vessel on each side of the towing vessel and a single set of sidelights as far forward and as far outboard as is practicable and a single special flashing lightVessel being pushed ahead not being part of a composite unitInland onlyVessel being towed and Shapesule CONTINUEDgAn inconspicuous partly submerged vessel or object or combination of such vessels or objects being towed shall exhibitiif it is less than 25 meters in breadth one allround white light at or near the forward end and one at or near the after end except that dracones need not exhibit a light at or near the forward endiiif it is 25 meters or more in breadth two additional allround white lights at or near the extremities of its breadthiiiif it exceeds 100 meters in length additional allround white lights between the lights prescribed in subparagraphs i and ii so that the distance between the lights shall notexceed 100 metersiva diamond shape at or near the aftermost extremity of the last vessel or object being towed and if the length of the tow exceeds 200 meters an additional diamond shape where it can best be seen and located as far forward as is from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel or object being towed to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in paragraph e or g of this Rule all possible measures shall be taken to light the vessel or object towed or at least to indicate the presence of such vessel or objectihere from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel not normally engaged in towing operations to display the lights prescribed in paragraph a or c of this Rule such vessel shall notbe required to exhibit those lights when engaged in towing another vessel in distress or otherwise in need of assistance All possible measures shall be taken to indicate the nature of the relationship between the towing vessel and the vessel being towed as authorized by Rule 36 in particular by illuminating the and inconspicuous partly submerged vessel or objector combination of such vessels or objects being towedshall exhibitif it is less than 25 meters in breadth one allround white light at or near each endiif it is 25 meters or more in breadth four allround white lights to mark its length and breadthiiif it exceeds 100 meters in length additional allround white lights between the lights prescribed in paragraphs gi and ii of this Rule so that the distance between the lights shall not exceed 100 meters rovidedhat any vessels or objects being towed alongside each othershall be lighted as one vessel or shape at or near the aftermost extremity of the last vessel or object being towed and vhe towing vessel may direct a searchlight in the direction of the tow to indicate its presence to an approaching vesselhWhere from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel or object being towed to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in paragraph e or g of this Rule all possible measures shall be taken to light the vessel or object towed or at least to indicate the presence of suchvessel or objectiWhere from any sufficient cause it is impracticable for a vessel not normally engaged in towing operations to display the lights prescribed by paragraph a c or j of this Rule such vessel shall not berequired to exhibit those lights when engaged in towing another vessel in distress or otherwise in need of assistance All possible measures shall be taken to indicate the nature of the relationship between the towing vessel and the vessel being assistedThe searchlight authorized by Rule 36247 8336may be used to illuminate the and Shapesule and paragraph cof this Rule on the Western Rivers except below the Huey P Long Bridge at mile 1061 Above Head of Passes on the Mississippi River and on waters specified by the Secretary a powerdriven vessel when pushing ahead or towing alongside except as paragraph b of this Rule applies shall andiiTwo towing lights in a vessel pushing ahead on Western River above the Huey P Long Bridge at mile 1061 Above Head of Passes on the Mississippi RiverSee 33 CFR 8925 provided for reference onpage 145 of this and Vessels Underway and Vessels Under OarsaA sailing vessel underway shall a sailing vessel of less than 20 meters in length the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule may be combined in one lantern carried at or near the top of the mast where it can best be seenSailing vessel underway Same for and essels nderway and essels nder ars247 8325aA sailing vessel underway shall a sailing vessel of less than 20 meters in length the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule may be combined in one lantern carried at or near the top of the mast where it canbest be seenSailing vessel underwayless than 20 meters in lengthSame for and Shapesule CONTINUEDcA sailing vessel underway may in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit at or near the top of the mast where they can best be seen two allround lights in a vertical line the upper being red and the lower green but these lights shall not be exhibited in conjunction with the combined lantern permitted by paragraph b of this RuleSailing vessel underway Same for and sailing vessel underway may in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule exhibit at or near the top of the mast where they can best be seen two allround lights in a vertical line the upper being red and the lower green but these lights shall not be exhibited in conjunction with the combined lantern permitted by paragraph b of this sailing vessel of less than 7 meters in length shall if practicable exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph a or b of this Rule but if she does not she shall have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collisioniiA vessel under oars may exhibit the lights prescribed in this Rule for sailing vessels but if she does not she shall have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent vessel underwayless than 7 meters in length Same for and sailing vessel of less than 7 meters in length shall if practicable exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph a or b of this Rule but if she does not she shall exhibit an allround white light or have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collisioniiA vessel under oars may exhibit the lights prescribed in this Rule for sailing vessels but if she does not she shall exhibit an allround white light or have ready at hand an electric torch or lighted lantern showing a white light which shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent under oars Same for and vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical shape apex proceeding under sail when also being propelled bymachinery Same for Inland except that a vessel ofless than12 meters in length is not required to exhibit the and vessel proceeding under sail when also being propelled by machinery shall exhibit forward where it can best be seen a conical shape apex downward A vessel of less than 12 meters in length is not required to exhibit this shape but may do and VesselsaA vessel engaged in fishing whether underway or at anchor shall exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this RulebA vessel when engaged in trawling by which is meant the dragging through the water of a dredge net or other apparatus used as a fishing appliance shall exhibititwo allround lights in a vertical line the upper being green and the lower white or a shape consisting of two cones with their apexes together in a vertical line one above the otheriia masthead light abaft of and higher than the allround green light a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shallnot be obliged to exhibit such a light but may do soiiiwhen making way through the water in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a engaged in trawlingmaking way vessel less than 50 meters in length Same for InlandVessel engaged in trawling making way 50 meters or greaterin lengthSame for and vessels247 8326aA vessel engaged in fishing whether underway or at anchor shall exhibit only the lights and shapes prescribed in this RulebA vessel when engaged in trawling by which is meant the dragging through the water of a dredge net or other apparatus used as a fishing appliance shall lights in a vertical line the upper being green and the lower white or a shape consisting of two cones with their apexes together in a vertical line one above the light abaft of and higher than the allround green light a vessel of less than 50 meters in length shall not be obliged to exhibit such a light but may do so iiihen making way through the water in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a engaged in trawlingnot making way vessel less than 50 meters in length Same for engaged in trawlingnot making way50 meters or greaterin lengthSame for and vessel engaged in fishing other than trawling shall exhibititwo allround lights in a vertical line the upper being red and the lower white or a shape consisting of two cones with apexes together in a vertical line one above the otheriiwhen there is outlying gear extending more than 150 meters horizontally from the vessel an allround white light or a cone apex upwards in the direction of the geariiiwhen making way through the water in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a sternlightdThe additional signals described in Annex II to these Rules apply to a vessel engaged in fishing in close proximity to other vessels engaged in fishingVessel engaged in fishing other than trawlingmaking waySame for and Shapesule CONTINUEDcA vessel engaged in fishing other than trawling shall lights in a vertical line the upper being red and the lower white or a shape consisting of two cones with apexes together in a vertical line one above the otheriihen there is outlying gear extending more than 150 meters horizontally from the vessel an allround white light or a cone apex upward in the direction of the gear and iiihen making way through the water in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a engaged in fishing other than trawlingnot making waySame for and vessel when not engaged in fishing shall not exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this Rule but only those prescribed for a vessel of her and vessel not engaged in fishing shall not exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this Rule but only those prescribed for a vessel of her signals for fishing vessels in close proximityiThe lights mentioned herein shallbe placed where they can best be seen They shall be at least 09 meterapart but at a lower level than lights prescribed in this Rule The lights shall be visible all round the horizon at a distance of at least 1 mile but at a lesser distance from the lights prescribed by these Rules for fishing when engaged in trawling whether using demersal or pelagic gear may exhibitA hen shooting their nets two white lights in a vertical lineBhen hauling their nets one white light over one red light in a vertical lineChen the net has come fast upon an obstruction two red lights in a vertical line2Each vessel engaged in pair trawling may exhibitAy night a searchlight directed forward and in the direction of the other vessel of the pairB When shooting or haulingtheir nets or when their nets have come fast upon an obstruction the lights prescribed in paragraph fii1 of this engaged in fishing with purse seine gear may exhibit two yellow lights in a vertical line These lights shall flash alternately every second and with equal light and occultation duration These lights may be exhibited only when the vessel is hampered by its fishing and Not Under Command or Restricted in TheirAbility to ManeuveraA vessel not under command shall exhibititwo allround red lights in a vertical line where they can best be seeniitwo balls or similar shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seeniiiwhen making way through the water in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a not under commandnot making way Same for and not nder ommand or estricted in heirbility to aneuver247 8327aA vessel not under command shall red lights in a vertical line where they can best be seeniiballs or similar shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seen and iiihen making way through thewater in addition to the lights prescribed in this paragraph sidelights and a not under commandmaking way Same for and vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver except a vessel engaged in mineclearance operations shall exhibitithree allround lights in a vertical line where they can best be seen The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be whiteiithree shapes in avertical line where they can best be seenThe highest and lowest of these shapes shall be balls and the middle one a diamondiiiwhen making way through the water a masthead light or lights sidelights and a sternlight in addition to the lights prescribedin subparagraph iivwhen at anchor in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in subparagraphs i and ii the light lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30Vessel restricted in her ability to maneuvermaking way vesselless than 50 meters in length Same for and Shapesule CONTINUEDbA vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver except a vessel engaged in mineclearance operations shall exhibitihree allround lights in a verticalline where they can best be seen The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be whiteiihree shapes in a vertical line where they can best be seenThe highest and lowest of these shapes shall be balls and the middle one a diamondiiihen making way through the water a masthead light or lights sidelights and a sternlight in addition to the lights prescribed in paragraph biof this Rule andivhen at anchor in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in paragraphs bi and ii the light lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 308330Vessel restricted in her ability to maneuverat anchor vessel lessthan 50 meters in length Same for and powerdriven vessel engaged in a towing operation such as severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their course shall in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 24a exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in subparagraphs bi and ii of this and vessel engaged in a towing operation which severely restricts the towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their course shall in addition to the lights or shapes prescribed in subparagraphs bi and ii of this Rule exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in Rule 24247 8324Vessel engaged in towing operation which severely restricts towing vessel and her tow in their ability to deviate from their courselength of tow does not exceed 200 meters towing vessel less than 50 meters in lengthSame for and vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations when restricted in her ability to maneuver shall exhibit the lights and shapes prescribed in subparagraphs bi ii and iii of this Rule and shall in addition when an obstruction exists exhibititwo allround red lights or two balls in a vertical line to indicate the side on which the obstruction existsiitwo allround green lights or two diamonds in a vertical line to indicate the side on which another vessel may passiiiwhen at anchor the lights or shapes prescribed in this paragraph instead of the lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30Vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations when restricted in ability to maneuvermaking way with an obstruction on the starboard side Same for InlandVessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations when restricted in ability to maneuvernot making way with anobstruction on the starboard side ame for and vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations when restricted in her ability to maneuver shall exhibit the lights and shapes prescribed in subparagraphs bi ii and iii of this Rule and shall in addition when an obstruction exists red lights or two balls in a vertical line to indicate the side on which the obstruction green lights or two diamonds in a vertical line to indicate the side on which another vessel may pass andiiihen at anchor the lights or shape prescribed by this of the lights or in Rule 30 247 8330ivDredge pipelines that are floating or supported on trestles shall display the following lights at night and in periods of restricted visibility1One row of yellow lights The lights must beAlashing 50 to 70 times per minuteBisible all round the for at least 2 milesDot less than 1 and not more than 35 meters above the equally spaced andFot more than 10 meters apart where the pipeline crosses a navigable channel Where the pipeline does not cross a navigable channel the lightsmust be sufficient in number to clearly show the pipeline222s length and course2Two red lights at each end of the pipeline including the ends in a channel where the pipeline is separated to allow vessels to pass whether open or closed The lights must bAisible all round the horizon andBsible for at least 2 miles andCne meter apart in a vertical line with the lower light at the same height above the water as the flashing yellow and the size of a vessel engaged in diving operations makes it impracticable to exhibit all lights and shapes prescribed in paragraph d of this Rule the following shall be allround lights in a vertical line where they can best be seenThe highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be whiteiia rigid replica of the International Code flag 223A224 not less than 1 meter in height Measures shall be taken to ensure its allround vesselengaged in diving operationsby daySame for and the size of a vessel engaged in diving operations makes it impracticable to exhibit all lights and shapes prescribed in paragraph d of this Rule as appropriate the following shall instead be exhibitedihree allround lights in a vertical linewhere they can best be seen The highest and lowest of these lights shall be red and the middle light shall be whiteiirigid replica of the International Code flag 223A224 not less than 1 meter in height Measures shall be taken to nsure its allround vessel engaged in diving operationsat night or in restricted visibilitySame for and vessel engaged in mine shall in addition to the lights prescribed for a powerdriven vessel in Rule 23 or to the lights or shape prescribed for a vessel at anchor in Rule 30 as appropriate exhibit three allround green lights or three balls One of these lights or shapes shall be exhibited near the foremast head and one at each end of the fore yard These lights or shapes indicate that it is dangerous for another vessel to approach within 1000 meters of the mine engaged in mine less than 50 meters in length Same for InlandgVessels of less than 12 meters in length except those engaged in diving operations shall not be required to exhibit the lights and shapes prescribed in this RulehThe signals prescribed in this Rule are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance Such signals are contained in Annex IV to these and vessel engaged in mine clearance operations shall in addition to the lights prescribed for a powerdriven vessel in Rule 23 247 8323 or to the lights or shape prescribed for a vessel at anchor in Rule 30247 8330 as appropriate exhibit three allround green lights or three balls Oneof these lights or shapes shall be exhibited near the foremast head and one at each end of the fore yard These lights or shapes indicate that it is dangerous for another vessel to approach within 1000 meters of the mine engaged in mine for vessel of less than 12 meters in length except when engaged in diving operations is not required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in this RulehThe signals prescribed in this Rule are not signals of vessels in distress and requiring assistance Such signals are contained in Annex IV to these Rules33 CFR part and Constrained by Their DraftA vessel constrained by her draft may in addition to the lights prescribed for powerdriven vessels in Rule 23 exhibit where they can best be seen three allround red lights in a vertical line or a cylinderVessel constrained by her draftunderway 50 meters or greater and Shapesule and ShapesulePilot VesselsaA vessel engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibitiat or near the masthead two allround lights in a vertical line the upper being white and the lower rediiwhen underway in addition sidelights and a at anchor in addition to the lights prescribed in subparagraph i the anchor light lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30 for vesselsat anchorbA pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed for a similar vessel of her lengthVessel engaged on pilotage dutyunderway Same for and ShapesulePilot essels247 8329aA vessel engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibitit or near the masthead two allround lights in a vertical line the upper being white and the lower rediihen underway in addition sidelights and a sternlight andiiihen at anchor in addition to the lights prescribed in subparagraph iof this Rule the anchor light lights or shape prescribed in Rule 30 247 8330 for vessels at anchorbA pilot vessel when not engaged on pilotage duty shall exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed for a vessel of her lengthVessel engaged on pilotage dutyat anchor vessel of less than50 meters in length Same for and Shapesule Anchored Vessels and Vessels AgroundaA vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seeniin the fore part an allround white light or one balliiat or near the stern and at a lower level than the light prescribed in subparagraph i an allround white lightbA vessel of less than 50 meters in length may exhibit an allround white light where it can best be seen instead of the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this RulecA vessel at anchor may and a vessel of 100 meters and more in length shall also use the available working or equivalent lights to illuminate her decksVessel at anchorless than 50 meters in length Same for and anchored agroundand moored barges247 8330aA vessel at anchor shall exhibit where it can best be seenithe fore part an allund white light or one balliit or near the stern and at a lower level than the light prescribed in paragraph iof this Rule an allround white lightbA vessel of less than 50 meters in length may exhibit an allround white light where it can best be seen instead of the lights prescribed in paragraph a of this RulecA vessel at anchor may and a vessel of 100 meters or more in length shall also use the available working or equivalent lights to illuminate her decksVessel at anchor with deck illumination Same for and vessel aground shall exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph a or b of this Rule and in addition where they can best be seenitwo allround red lights in a vertical in a vertical lineVessel aground Same for InlandeA vessel of less than 7 meters in length when at anchor not in or near a narrow channel fairway or anchorage or where other vessels normally navigate shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in paragraphs a and b of this RulefA vessel of less than 12 meters in length when aground shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in subparagraphs di and ii of this vessel aground shall exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraph a or b of this Rule and in addition if practicable where they can best be seeniallround red lights in a vertical line andiihree balls in a vertical lineVessel agroundless than 50 meters in lengthSame for vessel of less than 7 meters in length when at anchor not in or near a narrow channel fairway anchorage or where other vessels normally navigate shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shape prescribed in paragraphs a and b of this RulefA vessel of less than 12 meters in length when aground shall not be required to exhibit the lights or shapes prescribed in paragraphs di and ii of this Rulegvessel of less than 20 meters in length when at anchor in a special anchorage area designated by the Coast Guard shall not be required to exhibit the anchor lights and shapes required by this RulehThe following barges shall display at night and if practicable in periods of restricted visibility the lights described in paragraph of this Ruleivery barge projecting into a buoyed or restricted channeliivery barge so moored that it reduces the available navigable width of any channel to less than moored in groups more than two barges wide or to a maximum width of over 25 metersivvery barge not moored parallel to the bank or dockSee 33 CFR 110 Subpart and and Shapesule described in paragraph of this Ruleshall carry two unobstructed allround white lights of an intensity to be visible for at least nautical mile and meeting the technical requirements as prescribed in Annex I 33 CFR part 84jA barge or a group of barges at anchor or made fast to one or more mooring buoys or other similar device in lieu of the provisions of this Rule may allround white lights of an intensity to be visible for at least nautical mile that meet the requirements of Annex I 33 CFR part 84 and shall be arranged as followsiny barge that projects from a group formation shall be lighted on itsoutboard cornersiin a single barge moored in water where other vessels normally navigate on both sides of the barge lights shall be placed to mark the corner extremities of the bargeiiin barges moored in group formation moored in water where other vessels normally navigate on both sides of the group lights shall be placed to mark the corner extremities of the groupkThe following are exempt from the requirements of this RuleiA barge or group of barges moored in a slip or slough used primarily for mooring purposesiiA barge or group of barges moored behind a pierheadiiiA barge less than 20 meters in length when moored in a special anchorage area designated in accordance with 247 10910 of this chapterlBarges moored in areas are exempt from the lighting requirements of thisRule These areas are as followsCHICAGO SANITARY SHIP CANAL1 Mile 2932 to 29392 Mile 2952 to 2961 Mile 2975 to 29784 Mile 298 to 2982 Mile 2986 to 2988 Mile 2993 to 29947 Mile 2998 to 30058 Mile 303 to 3032 Mile 3037 to 303910 Mile 3057 to 305811 Mile 3107 to 3109 Mile 311 to 3112 Mile 3125 to 3126 Mile 3138 to 3142 Mile 3146 Mile 3148 to 3153 Mile 3157 to 316 Mile 3168 Mile 31685 to 31705 Mile 31751 Mile 3184 to 3189 Mile 3187 to 3188 Mile 320 to 320324 Mile 32062 Mile 3223to 322426 Mile 322827 Mile 3229 to 3272CALUMET SAG CHANNEL28 Mile 3165LITTLE CALUMET RIVER29 Mile 321230 Mile 3223CALUMET RIVER31 Mile 3285 to 328732 Mile 3292 to 329433 Mile 330 west bank to 330234 Mile 3314 to 331635 Mile 3322 to 332436 Mile 3326 to 3328CUMBERLAND RIVER37 Mile 126838 Mile and it for a seaplane or a WIG craftto exhibit lights and shapes of the or in the positions prescribed in the Rules of this Part she shall exhibit lights and shapes as closely similar in and position as is possiblePART DSOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALSRule word means any sound signaling appliance capable of producing the prescribed blasts and which complies with the specifications in Annex IIIto these term means a blast of about one second222s durationcThe term means a blast of from four to six seconds222 durationRule 33Equipment for Sound SignalsaA vessel of 12 meters or more in length shall be provided with a whistle a vessel of 20 meters or more in length shall be provided with a bell in addition to a whistle and a vessel of 100 meters or more in length shall in addition be provided with a gong the tone and sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell The whistle bell and gong shall comply with the specifications inAnnex III to these Regulations The bell or gong or both may be replaced by other equipment having the same respective sound provided that manual sounding of the prescribed signals shall always be possiblebA vessel of less than 12 metersin length shall not be obliged to carry the sound signaling appliances prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule but if she does not she shall be provided with some other means of making an efficient sound and 8331Where it is impracticable for a seaplane or a WIG craft to exhibit lights and shapes of the or in the positions prescribed in the Rules of this ubpartshe shall exhibit lights and shapes as closely similar in and position as is DSOUND AND LIGHT SIGNALSRule 8332aThe word means any sound signaling appliance capable of producing the prescribed blasts and which complies with specifications in Annex IIIto these Rules33 CFR part 86bThe term means a blast of about 1 second222s durationcThe termmeans a blast of from 4 to 6 seconds222 durationRule 33Equipment for Sound Signals247 8333aA vessel of 12 meters or more in lengthshall be provided with a whistle a vessel of 20 meters or more in length shall be provided with a bell in addition to a whistle anda vessel of 100 meters or more in length shall in addition be provided with a gong the tone and sound of which cannot be confused with that of the bell The whistle bell and gong shall comply with the specifications in Annex III to these Rules33 CFR part 86 The bell or gong or both may be replaced by other equipment having the same respective sound rovided that manual sounding of the prescribed signals shall always be possiblebA vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to carry the sound signaling appliances prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule but if she does not she shall be provided with some other means of making an efficient sound and Light and Warning SignalsaWhen vessels are in sight of one another a powerdriven vessel underway when maneuvering as authorized or required by these Rules shall indicate that maneuver by the following signals on her whistleone short blast to mean 223I am altering my course to short blasts to mean 223I am altering my course toport224three short blasts to mean 223I am operating astern vessel may supplement the whistle signals prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule by light signals repeated as appropriate while the maneuver is being carried outithese light signals shall have the following flash to mean 223I am altering my course to flashes to mean 223I am altering my course to port224three flashes to mean 223I am operating astern duration of each flash shallbe about one second the interval between flashes shall be about one second and the interval between successive signals shall be not less than ten secondsiiithe light used for this signal shall if fitted be an allround white light visible at a minimumrange of 5 miles and shall comply with the provisions of Annex I to these in sight of one another in a narrow channel or fairwayia vessel intending to overtake another shall in compliance with Rule 9ei indicate her intention by the following signals on her whistletwo prolonged blasts followed by one short blast to mean 223I intend to overtake you on your starboard side224two prolonged blasts followed by two short blasts to mean 223I intend to overtake you on your port side224iithe vessel about to be overtaken when acting in accordance with Rule 9ei shall indicate her agreement by the following signal on her whistleone prolonged one short one prolonged and one short blast in that and Light and Warning Signals247 8334aWhen powerdriven vessels are in sight of one another and meeting or crossing at a distance within half a mile of each other each vessel underway when maneuvering as authorized or required by these Rulesihall indicate that maneuver by the following signals on her whistle 1ne short blast to mean 223I intend to leave you on my port side2242wo short blasts to mean 223I intend to leave you on my starboard side224 and 3hreeshort blasts to mean 223I am operating astern hearing the one or two blast signal of the other shall if in agreement sound the same whistle signal and take the steps necessary to effect a safe passing If however from any cause the vessel doubts the safety of the proposed maneuver she shall sound the signal specified in paragraph d of this Rule and each vessel shall take appropriate precautionary action until a safe passing agreement is madebA vessel may supplement the whistle signals prescribed in paragraph a of this Rule by light signalsiThese signals shall have the following significance 1One flash to mean 223I intend to leave you on my port side224 2Two flashes to mean 223I intend to leave you on my starboard side2243Three flashes to mean 223I am operating astern duration of each flash shall be about 1 second andiiiThe light used for this signal shall if fitted be one allround white or yellow light visible at a minimum range of 2 miles synchronized with the whistle and shall comply with the provisions of Annex I to these Rules 33 CFR part 84cWhen in sight of one anotheriA powerdriven vessel intending to overtake another powerdriven vessel shall indicate her intention by the following signals on her whistle 1One short blast to mean 223I intend to overtake you on your starboard side224 2Two short blasts to mean 223I intend to overtake you on your port side224 and iiThe powerdriven vessel about to be overtaken shall if in agreement sound a similar sound signal If in doubt she shall sound the signal prescribed in paragraph d of this and Light vessels in sight of one another are approaching each other and from any cause either vessel fails to understand the intentions or actions of the other or is in doubt whether sufficient action is being taken by the other to avoid collision the vessel in doubt shall immediately indicate such doubt by giving at least five short and rapid blasts on the whistle Such signal may be supplemented by a light signal of at least five short and rapid flasheseA vessel nearing a bend or an area of a channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall sound one prolonged blast Such signal shall be answered with a prolonged blast by any approaching vessel that may be within hearing around the bend or behind the intervening obstructionfIf whistles are fitted on a vessel at a distance apart of more than 100 meters one whistle only shall be used for giving maneuvering and warning and Light vessels in sight of one another are approaching each other andfrom any causeeither vessel fails to understand the intentions or actionsof the other or is in doubt whether sufficient action is being taken by the other to avoid collision the vessel in doubt shall immediately indicate such doubt by giving at least five short and rapid blasts on the whistle Suchsignal may be supplementedby a light signal of at least five short and rapid flasheseA vessel nearing a bend or an area of a channel or fairway where other vessels may be obscured by an intervening obstruction shall sound one prolonged blast This signal shall be answered with a prolonged blast by any approaching vessel that may be within hearing around the bend or behind the intervening obstructionfIf whistles are fitted on a vessel at a distance apart of more than 100 meters one whistle only shall be used for giving maneuvering and warning signalsgWhen a powerdriven vessel is leaving a dock or berth she shall sound one prolonged blasthA vessel that reaches agreement with another vessel in a headon crossing or overtaking situation as for example by using the radiotelephone as prescribed by the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act 85 Stat 164 33 USC 1201 et seq is not obliged to sound the whistle signals prescribed by this Rule but may do so If agreement is not reached then whistle signals shall be exchanged in a timely manner and shall and Light Signals in Restricted VisibilityIn or near an area of restricted visibility whether by day or night the signals prescribed in this Rule shall be used asfollowsaA powerdriven vessel making way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes one prolonged blastbA powerdriven vessel underway but stopped and making no way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes two prolonged blasts in succession with an interval of about 2 seconds between themcA vessel not under command a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver a vessel constrained by her draft a sailing vessel a vessel engaged in fishing and a vessel engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall instead of the signals prescribed in paragraphs a or b of this Rule sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes three blasts in succession namely one prolonged followed by two short blastsdA vessel engaged in fishing when at anchor and a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver when carrying out her work at anchor shall instead of the signals prescribed in paragraph g of this Rule sound the signal prescribedin paragraph c of this RuleeA vessel towed or if more than one vessel is towed the last vessel of the tow if manned shall at intervals of not more than 2 minutes sound four blasts in succession namely one prolonged followed by three short blasts When practicable this signal shall be made immediately after the signal made by the towing vesselfWhen a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a powerdriven vessel and shall givethe signals prescribed in paragraphs a or b of this and Light Signals in Restricted Visibility247 8335In or near an area of restricted visibility whether by day or night the signals prescribed in this Rule shall be used as followsaA powerdriven vessel making way through the water shall sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutesone prolonged blastbA powerdriven vessel underway but stopped and making no way through the water shall soundat intervals of not more than 2 minutestwo prolonged blasts in successionwith an interval of about 2 seconds between themcA vessel not under command a vessel restricted in her ability to maneuver whether underway or at anchor a sailing vessel a vessel engaged in fishing whether underway or at anchor and a vessel engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall instead of the signals prescribed in paragraphs a or b of this Rule sound at intervals of not more than 2 minutes three blasts in successinamely one prolonged followed by two short vessel towed or if more than one vessel is towed the last vessel of the tow if manned shall at intervals of not more than 2 minutes sound four blasts in one prolonged followed by three short blasts When practicable this signal shall be made immediately after the signal made by the towing vesselfWhen a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they shall be regarded as a powerdriven vessel and shall give the signals prescribed in paragraphs a or b of this and Light vessel at anchor shall at intervals ofnot more than one minute ring the bell rapidly for about 5 seconds In a vessel of 100 meters or more in length the bell shall be sounded in the forepart of the vessel and immediately after the ringing of the bell the gong shall be sounded rapidly for about 5 seconds in the after part of the vessel A vessel at anchor may in addition sound three blasts in succession namely one short one prolonged and one short blast to give warning of her position and of the possibility of collision to an approaching vesselhA vessel aground shall give the bell signal and if required the gong signal prescribed in paragraph g of this Rule and shall in addition give three separate and distinct strokes on the bell immediately before and after the rapid ringing of the bell A vessel aground may in addition sound an appropriate whistle signaliA vessel of 12 meters or more but less than 20 meters in length shall not be obliged to give the bell signals prescribed in paragraphs g and h of this Rule However if she does not she shall make some other efficient sound signal at intervals of not more than 2 minutesjA vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to give the abovementioned signals but if she does not shall make some other efficient sound signal at intervals of not more than 2 minuteskA pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty may in addition to the signals prescribed in paragraphs a b or g of this Rule sound an identity signal consisting of four short blastsRule 36Signals to Attract AttentionIf necessary to attract the attention of another vessel any vessel may make light or sound signals that cannot be mistaken for any signal authorized elsewhere in these Rules or may direct the beam of her searchlight in the direction of the danger in such a way as not to embarrass any vessel Any light to attract the attention of another vessel shall be such that it cannot be mistaken for any aid to navigationFor the purpose of this Rule the use of high intensity intermittent or revolving lights such as strobe lights shall be and Light vessel at anchor shall at intervals of not more than 1 minute ring the bell rapidly for about 5 seconds In a vessel of 100 meters or more in length the bell shall be sounded in the forepart of the vessel and immediately after the ringing of the bell the gong shall be sounded rapidly for about 5 seconds in the after part of the vessel A vessel at anchor may in addition sound three blasts in one short one prolonged and one short blast to give warning of her position and of the possibility of collision to an approaching vesselhA vessel aground shall give the bell signal and if requiredthe gong signal prescribed in paragraph of this Rule and shall in addition give three separate and distinct strokes on the bell immediately before and after the rapid ringing of the bell A vessel aground may in addition sound an appropriate vessel of 12 meters or more but less than 20 meters in length shall not be obliged to give the bell signals prescribed in paragraphs g and h of this RuleHowever if she does not she shall make some other efficient sound signal at intervals of not more than 2 minutesjA vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall not be obliged to give the bell signals prescribed in paragraphs g and h of this RuleHowever if she does not shall make some other efficient sound signal at intervals ofnot more than 2 minuteskA pilot vessel when engaged on pilotage duty mayin addition to the signals prescribed in paragraphs a b or of this Rulesound an identity signal consisting of four short blastslThe following vessels shall not be required to sound signals as prescribed in paragraph of this Rule when anchored in a special anchorage area designated by the Coast Guardivessel of less than 20 meters in length andiibarge canal boat scow or other nondescript craftRule 36Signals to Attract Attention247 8336If necessary to attract the attention of another vessel any vessel may make light or sound signals that cannot be mistaken for any signal authorized elsewhere in these Rules or may direct the beam of her searchlight in the direction of the danger in such a way as not to embarrass any and Light SignalsWhen a vessel is in distress and requires assistance she shall use or exhibit the signals described in Annex IV to these SIGNALS72 and Light Signals247 8337When a vessel is in distress and requires assistance she shall use or exhibit the signals described in Annex IV these Rules33 CFR part 87A high intensity white light flashing at regular intervalsfrom 50 to 70 times per minuteInland onlyThe distress signals for inland waters are the same as those displayed on the facing page for international waters with the exception of this high intensity flashing white vessel or class of vessels provided that she complieswith the requirements of the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1960 the keel of which is laid or which is at a corresponding stage of construction before the entry into force of these Regulations may be exempted from compliance therewith as followsaThe installation of lights with ranges prescribed in Rule 22 until four years after the date of entry into force of these installation of lights with color specifications as prescribed in Section 7 of x I to these Regulations until four years after the date of entry into force of these repositioning of lights as a result of conversion from Imperial to metric units and rounding off measurement figures permanent exemptiondiThe repositioning of masthead lights on vessels of less than 150 m in length resulting from the prescriptions of Section 3a of annex I to these Regulations permanent exemptionPer 33 CFR 8120 each vessel under the 72 COLREGS except the vessels of the Navy is exempt from the requirements of the 72 COLREGS to the limitation for the period of time stated in Rule 38 a b c d e f and g if a Her keel was laid or is at a corresponding stage of construction before July 15 1977 and b She meets the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1960 77 Stat 194 33 USC 10511094 8338Any vessel or class of vessels the keel of which was laid or which was at a corresponding stage of construction before December 24 1980 provided that she complies with the requirements ofaThe Act of June 7 1897 30 Stat 96 as amended 33 USC 15232 for vessels navigating the waters subject to that 4233 of the Revised Statutes 33 USC 301356 for vessels navigating the waters subject to that statutecThe Act of February 8 1895 28 Stat 645 as amended 33 USC 295 for vessels navigating the waters subject to that statute ordSections 3 4 and 5 of the Act of April 25 1940 54 Stat 163 as amended 46 USC 526b c and d for motorboats navigating the waters subject to that statute shall be exempted from compliance with the technical Annexes to these Rules 33 CFR parts 84 through 88 as followsihe installation of lights with ranges prescribed in Rule 22247 8322vessels of less than 20 meters in length are permanently exemptiihe installation of lights with color specifications as prescribed in Annex I to these Rules33 CFR part 84 vessels of less than 20 meters in length are permanently exemptiiihe repositioning of lights as a result of conversion to metric units and rounding off measurement figures are permanently exemptivThe horizontal repositioning of masthead lights prescribed by Annex I to these Rules 33 CFR part 84vessels of less than 150 meters in length are permanently vessels of 12 meters or more but less than 20 meters in length are permanently exempt from the provisions of Rule 23ai and iv 8323ai and iv provided that in place of these lights the vessel exhibits a white light aft visible allround the repositioning of masthead lights on vessels of 150 m or more in length resulting from the prescriptions of ection 3a of annex I to these Regulations until nine years after the date of entry into force of these repositioning of masthead lights resulting from the prescriptions of ection 2b of nnex I to these Regulations until nineyears after the date of entry into force of these repositioning of sidelights resulting from the prescriptions ofections 2g and 3b of nnex I to these Regulations until nineyears after the date of entry into force of these requirements for sound signal appliances prescribed in nnex IIIto these Regulations until nineyears after the date of entry into force of these repositioning of allround lights resulting from the prescription of ection 9b of nnex I to these Regulations permanent and Technical Details of Lights and Shapes1 DefinitionThe term means height above the uppermost continuous deck This height shall be measured from the position vertically beneath the location of the light2 Vertical positioning and spacing of lightsaOn a powerdriven vessel of 20 meters or more in length the masthead lights shall be placed as followsithe forward masthead light or if only one masthead light is carried then that light at a height above the hull of not less than 6 meters and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds 6 meters then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth so however that the light need not be placed at a greater height above the hull than 12 metersiiwhen two masthead lights are carried the after one shall be at least 45 meters vertically higher than the forward onebThe vertical separation of masthead lights of powerdriven vessels shall be such that in all normal conditions of trim the after light will be seen over and separate from the forward light at a distance of 1000 meters from the stem when viewed from sea levelcThe masthead light of a powerdriven vessel of 12 meters but less than 20 meters in length shall be placed at a height above the gunwale of not less than 25 metersdA powerdriven vessel of less than 12 meters in length may carry the uppermost light at a height of less than 25 meters above the gunwaleWhen however a masthead light is carried in addition to sidelights and a sternlight or the allround light prescribed in rule 23di is carried in addition to sidelights then such masthead light or allround light shall be carried at least 1 meter higher than the CFR 84Positioning and Technical Details of Lights and Shapes247 8401 term means height above the uppermost continuous deck This height shall be measured from the position vertically beneath the location of the lightbmeans a craft capable of maximum speed in meters per second ms equal to or exceeding 371667 where displacement corresponding to the design waterline cubic metersOTE TO PARAGRAPHb The same formula expressed in pounds and knots is maximum speed in knots kts equal to exceeding 198lbs 3701667 where displacement corresponding to design waterline in poundscThe term practical cutmeans for vessels 20 meters or more in length 125 percent of the minimum luminous intensity Table 8415b corresponding to the greatest range of visibility for which the requirements of Annex I 33 CFR part 84 are metdThe term Ruleor Ruleshas the same meaning as in 33 CFR and spacing of lightsaOn a powerdriven vessel of 20 meters or more in length the masthead lights shall be placed as followsihe forward masthead light or if only one masthead light is carried then that light at a height above the hull of not less than 5 meters and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds 5 meters then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth so however that the light need not be placed at a greater heightabove the hull than 8 metersiihen two masthead lights are carried the after one shall be at least 2 meters vertically higher than the forward onebThe vertical separation of the masthead lights of powerdriven vessels shall be such that in all normal conditions of trim the after light will be seen over and separate from the forward light at a distance of 1000 meters from the stem when viewed from water levelcThe masthead light of a powerdriven vessel of 12 meters but less than 20 meters in length shall be placed at a height above the gunwale of not less than 25 metersdThe masthead light or the allround light described in Rule 238323dof this chapter of a powerdriven vessel of less than 12 meters in length shall be carried at least one meter higher than the of the two or three masthead lights prescribed for a powerdriven vessel when engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall be placed in the same position as either the forward masthead light or the after masthead light provided that if carried on the aftermast the lowest after masthead light shall be at least 45 meters vertically higher than the forward masthead lightfiThe masthead light or lights prescribed in Rule 23a shall be so placed as to be above and clear of all other lights and obstructions except as described in subparagraph iiiiWhen it is impracticable to carry the allround lights prescribed by Rule 27bi or Rule 28 below the masthead lights they may be carried above the after masthead lights or vertically in between the forward masthead lights and after masthead lights provided that in the latter case the requirement of Section 3c of this Annex shall be complied withgThe sidelights of a powerdriven vessel shall be placed at a height above the hull not greater than three quarters of that of the forward masthead light They shall not be so low as to be interfered with by deck lightshThe sidelights if in a combined lantern and carried on a powerdriven vessel of less than 20 meters in length shall be placed not less than 1 meter below the masthead lightiWhen the Rules prescribe two or three lights to be carried in a vertical line they shall be spaced as followsi on a vessel of 20 meters in length or more such lights shall be spaced not less than 2 meters apart and the lowest of these lights shall except where a towing light is required be placed at a height of not less than 4 meters above the hulliion a vessel of less than 20 meters in length such lights shall be spaced not less than 1 meter apart and the lowest of these lights shall except where a towing light is required be placed at a height of not less than 2 meters above the gunwaleiiiwhen three lights are carried theyshall be equally spacedjThe lower of the two allround lights prescribed for a vessel when engaged in fishing shall be at a height above the sidelights not less than twice the distance between the two vertical lightskThe forward anchor light prescribedin Rule 30ai when two are carried shall not be less than 45 meters above the after one On a vessel of 50 meters or more in length this forward anchor light shall be placed at a height of not less than 6 meters above the of the two or three masthead lights prescribed for a powerdriven vessel when engaged in towing or pushing another vessel shall be placed in the same position as either the forward masthead light or the after masthead light provided that the lowest after masthead light shall be at least 2 meters vertically higher than the highest forward masthead lightfThe masthead light or lights prescribed in Rule 23a 247 8323aof this chapter shall be so placed as to be above and clear of all other lights and obstructions except as described in paragraph f of this sectioniiWhen it is impracticable to carry the allround lights prescribed in Rule 27bi 247 8327biof this chapter below the masthead lights they may be carried above the after masthead lights or vertically in between the forward masthead lights and after masthead lights provided that in the latter case the requirement of 2478403 shall be complied withgThe sidelights of a powerdriven vessel shall be placed at least one meter lower than the forward masthead light They shall not be so low as to be interfered with by deck the Rules in this ubchapter Eprescribe two or three lights to be carried in a vertical line they shall be spaced as followsin a vessel of 20 meters in length or more such lights shall be spaced not less than 1 meter apart and the lowest of these lights shall except where a towing light is required be placed at a height of not less than 4 meters above the hulliin a vessel of less than 20 meters in length such lights shall be spaced not less than 1 meter apart and the lowest of these lights shall except where a towing light is required be placed at a height of not less than 2 meters above the gunwaleiiihen three lights are carried they shall be equally spacedjThe lower of the two allround lights prescribed for a vessel when engaged in fishing shall be ata height above the sidelights not less than twice the distance between the two vertical lightskThe forward anchor light prescribed in Rule 30ai247 8330ai when two are carried shall not be less than 45 meters above the after one On a vessel of 50 meters or more in length this forward anchor light shall be placed at a height of not less than 6 meters above the hullParts 8390 of Title 33 Code of Federal Horizontal positioning and spacing of lightsaWhen two masthead lights are prescribed for a powerdriven vessel the horizontal distance between them shall not be less than one half of the length of the vessel but need not be more than 100 meters The forward light shall be placed not more than one quarter of the length of the vessel from the stembOn a powerdriven vessel of 20 meters or more in length the sidelights shall not be placed infront of the forward masthead lightsThey shall be placed at or near the side of the vesselcWhen the lights prescribed in Rule 27bi or Rule 28 are placed vertically between the forward masthead lights and the after masthead lights these allround lights shall be placed at a horizontal distance of not less than 2 meters from the fore and aft centerline of the vessel in the athwartship directiondWhen only one masthead light is prescribed for a powerdriven vessel this light shall be exhibited forward of amidships except that a vessel of less than meters in length need not exhibit this light forward of amidships but shall exhibit it as far forward as is practicable4 Details of location of lights for fishing vessels dredgers and vessels engaged in underwater operationsaThe light indicating the direction of the outlying gear from a vessel engaged in fishing as prescribed in Rule 26cii shall be placed at a horizontal distance of not less than 2 meters and not more than 6 meters away from the two allround red and white lights This light shall be placed not higher than the allround white light prescribed in Rule 26ci and not lower than the sidelightsbThe lights and shapes on a vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations to indicate the obstructed side andor the side on which it is safe to pass as prescribed in Rule 27di and ii shall be placed at the maximum practical horizontal distance but in no case less than 2 meters from the lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 27bi and i In no case shall the upper of these lights or shapes be at a greater height than the lower of the three lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 27bi and and spacing of lightsaExcept as specified in paragraph e of this section when two masthead lights are prescribed for a powerdriven vessel the horizontal distance between them must not be less than one quarter of the length of the vessel but need not be more than 50 metersThe forward light must be placed not more than one half of the length of the vessel from the stembOn a powerdriven vessel of 20 meters or more in length the sidelights shall not be placed in front of the forward masthead lightsThey shall be placed at or near the side of the vesselcWhen the lights prescribed in Rule 27bi 247 8327biof this chapter are placed vertically between the forward masthead lights and the after masthead lightsthese allround lights shall be placed at a horizontal distance of not less than 2 meters from the fore and aft centerline of the vessel in the athwartship directiondWhen only one masthead light is prescribed for a powerdriven vessel this light must beexhibited forward of amidships For a vessel of less than 20 meters in length the vessel shall exhibit one masthead light as far forward as is practicableeOn powerdriven vessels 50 meters but less than 60 meters in length operated on the Western Rivers and those waters specified in 2478925of this chapter the horizontal distance between masthead lights shall not be less than 10 meters247 840Details of location of lights for fishing vessels dredgers and vessels engaged in underwater operationsaThe light indicating the direction of the outlying gear from a vessel engaged in fishing as prescribed in Rule 26c247 8326ciiof this chaptershall be placed at a horizontal distance of not less than 2 meters and not more than 6 meters away from the two allround red and white lights This light shall be placed not higher than the allround white light prescribed in Rule 26c247 8326ciof this chapterand not lower than the sidelightsbThe lights and shapes on a vessel engaged in dredging or underwater operations to indicate the obstructed side andor the side on which it is safe to pass as prescribed in Rule 27d and 247 8327di and iiof this chaptershall be placed at the maximum practical horizontal distance but in no case less than 2 meters from the lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 27b and 8327bi and iiof this chapter In no case shall theupper of these lights or shapes be at a greater height than the lower of the three lights or shapes prescribed in Rule 27b and 247 8327bi and iiof this Screens for sidelightsThe sidelights of vessels of 20 meters or more in length shall be fitted with inboard screens painted matt black and meeting the requirements of Section 9 of this Annex On vessels of less than 20 meters in length the sidelights if necessary to meet the requirements of Section 9 of this Annex shall be fitted with inboard matt black screens With a combined lantern using a single vertical filament and a very narrow division between the green and red sections external screens need not be fitted6 ShapeaShapes shall be black and of the following sizesia ball shall have a diameter of not less than 06 meteriia cone shall have a base diameter of not less than 06 meter and a height equal to its diameteriiia cylinder shall have a diameter of at least 06 meter and a height of twice its diameteriva diamond shape shall consist of two cones as defined in ii above having a common basebThe vertical distance between shapes shall be at least 15 metercIn a vessel of less than 20 meters in length shapes of lesser dimensions but commensurate with the size of the vessel may be used and the distance apart may be reduced7 Color specification of lightsThe chromaticity of all navigation lights shall conform to the following standards which lie within the boundaries of the area of the diagram specified for each color by the International Commission on Illumination 84ScreensaThe sidelights of vessels of 20 meters or more in length shall be fitted with matblack inboard screens and meet the requirements of 247 On vessels of less than 20 meters in length the sidelights if necessary to meet the requirements of 247 84 shall be fitted with matblack inboard screens With a combined lantern using a single vertical filament and a very narrow division between the green and red sections external screens need not be fittedbOn powerdriven vessels less than 12 meters in length constructed after ly 31 1983 the masthead light or the allround light described in Rule 23247 8323dof this chaptershall be screened to prevent direct illumination of the vessel forward of the operator222s position247 shall be black and of thefollowing sizesiball shall have a diameter of not less than 06 meteriicone shall have a base diameter of not less than 06 meteranda height equal to its shape shall consist of two cones as defined in aragraph a of this section having a common basebThe vertical distance between shapes shall be at least 15 metercIn a vessel of less than 20 meters in length shapes of lesser dimensions but commensurate with the size of the vessel may be used and the distance apart may be reduced247 84Color specification of lightsThe chromaticity of all navigation lights shall conform to the following standards which lie within the boundaries of the area of the diagram specified for each color by the International Commission on Illumination CIE in the 223Colors of Light Signals224 which is incorporated by reference It is Publication CIE No 22 TC16 1975 and is available from the Illumination Engineering Society345 East 47thStreet New York NY 10017 and is available for inspection at the Coast Guard Coast Guard Headquarters Contact Commandant CG43 Attn Office of Civil Engineering US Coast Guard Stop 7714 2703 Martin Luther King Jr Avenue SE Washington DC 205937714 It is also available for inspection at the National Archives and Records Administration NARA For information on the availability of this material at NARA call 2027416030 or go incorporation by reference was approved by the Director of the Federal boundaries of the area for each color are given by indicating the corner coordinates which are as followsiWhitex 03820440 0440 0348 0283 0382iiGreenx 0028 0009 0300 0203y 0385 0723 0511 0356iiiRedx 0680 0660 0735 0721y 0320 0320 0265 0259ivYellowx 0612 0618 0575 0575y 0382 0382 0425 04068 Intensity of lightsaThe minimum luminous intensity of lights shall be calculated by using the formulaI 343 x 10x T x Dx Kwhereis luminous intensity in candelas under service conditionsis threshold factor 2 x 10luxis range of visibility luminous range of the light in nautical miles is atmospheric transmissivity For prescribed lights the value of K shall be 08 corresponding to a meteorological visibility of approximately 13 nautical milesbA selection of figures derived from the formula is given in the following boundaries of the area for each color are given by indicating the corner ordinates which are as followsiWhitex 0525 0525 0452 0310 0310 0443y 0382 0440 0440 0348 0283 0382iiGreenx 0028 0009 0300 0203y 0385 0723 0511 0356iiiRedx 0680 0660 0735 0721y 0320 0320 0265 0259ivYellowx 0612 0618 0575 0575y 0382 0382 0425 0406247 84Intensity of lightsaThe minimum luminous intensity of lights shall be calculated by using the formula 343 x 10x T x Dx Kwhereis luminous intensity in candelas under service conditions is threshold factor 2 x 10lux s range of visibility luminous range of the light in nautical miles is atmospheric transmissivity For prescribed lights the value of K shall be 08 corresponding to a meteorological visibility of approximately 13 nautical milesbA selection of figures derived from the formula is given in the following table Table 84bable Horizontal sectorsaiIn the forward direction sidelights as fitted on the vessel shall show the minimum required intensities The intensities shall decrease to reach practical cutoff between 1and 3outside the prescribed sectorsiiFor sternlights and masthead lights and at 225abaft the beam for sidelights the minimum required intensities shall be maintained over the arc of the horizon up to 5within the limits of the sectors prescribed in Rule 21From 5within the prescribed sectors the intensity may decrease by 50 up to the prescribed limits it shall decrease steadily to reach practical cutoff at not more than 5outside the lights shall be so located as not to be obscured by masts topmasts or structures within angular sectors of more than 6 except anchor lights prescribed in Rule 30 which need not be placed at an impracticable height above the hulliiIf it is impracticable to comply with paragraph bi of this section by exhibiting only one allround light two allround lights shall be used suitably positioned or screened so that they appear as far as practicable as one light at a distance of one mile10 Vertical sectorsaThe vertical sectors of electric lights as fitted with the exception of lights on sailing vessels underwayshall ensure thatiat least the required minimum intensity is maintained at all angles from 5260 above to 5260 below the horizontaliiat least 60 of the required minimum intensity is maintained from 75260 above to 75260 below the horizontalbIn the case of sailing vessels underway the vertical sectors of electric lights as fitted shall ensure thatiat least the required minimum intensity is maintained at all angles from 5260 above to 5260 below the horizontaliiat least 50 of the required minimum intensity is maintained from 25260 above to 25260 below the horizontalcIn the case of lights other than electric these specifications shall be met as closely as 84Horizontal sectorsaIn the forward direction sidelights as fitted on the vessel shall show the minimum required intensities The intensities shall decrease to reach practical cutoff between 1 and 3 degrees outside the prescribed sectorsiiFor sternlights and masthead lights and at 225 degrees abaft the beam for sidelights the minimum required intensities shall be maintained over the arc of the horizon up to 5 degrees within the limits of the sectors prescribedin Rule 21247 8321of this chapterFrom 5 degrees within the prescribed sectors the intensity may decrease by 50 percent up to the prescribed limits it shall decrease steadily to reach practical cutoff at not more than 5 degrees outside the Allround lights shall be so located as not to be obscured by masts topmasts or structures within angular sectors of more than 6 degrees except anchor lights prescribed in Rule 30247 8330of this chapter which need not be placed at an impracticable height above the hull and the allround white light described in Rule 23247 8323eof this chapter which may not be obscured at allii If it is impracticable to comply with paragraph b i of this section by exhibiting only one allround light two allround lights shall be used suitably positioned or screened to appear as far as practicable as one light at a minimum distance of one nautical mileOTETO PARAGRAPHbii Two unscreened allround lights that are 128 meters apart or less will appear as one light to the naked eye at a distance of one nautical mile247 84Vertical sectorsaThe vertical sectors of electric lights as fitted with the exception of lights on sailing vessels underway and on unmanned barges shall ensure thatit least the required minimum intensity is maintained at all angles from 5 degrees above to 5 degrees below the horizontaliit least 60 percent of the required minimum intensity is maintained from 75 degrees above to 75 degrees below the horizontalbIn the case of sailing vessels underwaythe vertical sectors of electric lights as fitted shall ensure thatit least the required minimum intensity is maintained at all angles from 5 degrees above to 5 degrees below the horizontaliit least 50 percent of the required minimum intensity is maintained from 25 degrees above to 25 degrees below the horizontalcIn the case of unmanned barges the minimum required intensity of electric lights as fitted shall be maintained on the horizontaldIn the case of lights other than electric lights these specifications shall be met as closely as Intensity of nonelectric lights shall so far as practicable comply with the minimum intensities as specified in the Table given in Section 8 of this Annex12 Maneuvering the provisions of paragraph 2f of this annexthe maneuvering light described in Rule 34b shall be placed in the same fore and aft vertical plane as the masthead light or lights and where practicable at a minimum height of 2 meters vertically above the forward masthead light provided that it shall be carried not less than 2 meters vertically above or below the after masthead light On a vessel where only one masthead light is carriedthe maneuvering light if fitted shall be carried where it can best be seen not less than 2 meters vertically apart from the masthead light13 Highspeed CraftaThe masthead light of highspeed craft may be placed at a height related to the breadth of the craft lower than that prescribed in paragraph 2ai of this annex provided that the base angle of the isosceles triangles formed by the sidelights and masthead light when seen in end elevation is notless than 27260bOn highspeed craft of 50 meters or more in length the vertical separation between foremast and mainmast light of 45 meters requiredby paragraph aii of this annex may be modified provided that such distance shall not be less than the value determined by the following formulawhereis the height of the mainmast light above the foremast light in metersis the height of the foremast light above the water surface in service condition in metersis the trim in service conditions in degreesis the horizontal separation of masthead lights in metersRefer to the International Code of Safety for HighSpeed Craft 1994 and the International Code of Safety for HighSpeed Craft 200014 ApprovalThe construction of lights and shapes and the installation of lights on board the vessel shall be to the satisfaction of the appropriate authority of the State whose flag the vessel is entitled to 84Intensity of nonelectric lights shall so far as practicable comply with the minimum intensities as specified in the Tableb247 84Maneuvering the provisions of 247 840f the maneuvering light described in Rule 34b247 8334bof this chaptershall be placed approximately in the same fore and aft vertical plane as the masthead light or lights and where practicable at a minimum height of onehalf meter vertically above the forward masthead light provided that it shall be carried not less than onehalf meter vertically above or below the after masthead light On a vessel where only one masthead light is carried the maneuvering light if fitted shall be carried where it can best be seen not less than onehalf meter vertically apart from the masthead light247 84Highpeed CraftaThe masthead light of highspeed craft may be placed at a height related to the breadth lower than that prescribed in 247840a provided that the base angle of the isosceles triangle formed by the sidelights and masthead light when seen in end elevation is not less than 27bOn highspeed craft of 50 meters or more in length the vertical separation between foremast and mainmast light of 45 meters required by 2478402k may be modified provided that such distance shall not be less than the value determined by the following formula where is the height of the mainmast light above the foremast light in meters is the height of the foremast light above the water surface in service condition in meters is the trim in service condition in degrees is the horizontal separation of masthead lights in metersOTE TO8419 Refer to the International Code of Safety for HighSpeed Craft 1994 and the International Code of Safety for HighSpeed Craft 2000247 84ApprovalThe construction of lights and shapes and the installation of lights on board a vessel must satisfy the Commandant U S Coast Signals for Fishing VesselsFishing in Close Proximity1 GeneralThe lights mentioned herein shall if exhibited in pursuance of Rule 26d be placed where they can best be seen They shall be at least 09 meter apart but at a lower level than lights prescribed in Rule 26bi and ci The lights shall be visible all around the horizon at a distance of at least 1 mile but at a lesser distance than the lights prescribed by these Rules for fishing vessels2 Signals for of 20 meters or more in length when engaged in trawling whether using demersal or pelagic gearshall exhibitiwhen shooting their nets two white lights in a vertical lineiiwhen hauling theirnets one white light over one red light in a vertical lineiiiwhen the net has come fast upon an obstruction two red lights in a vertical lineb Each vessel of 20 meters or more in length engaged in pair trawling shall exhibitiby night a forward and in the direction of the other vessel of the pairiiwhen shooting or hauling their nets or when their nets have come fast upon an obstruction the lights prescribed in 2a abovec A vessel of less than 20 meters in length engaged in trawling whether using demersal or pelagic gear or engaged in pair trawling may exhibit the lights prescribed in paragraphs a or b of this section as appropriate3 Signals for purse seinersVessels engaged in fishing with purse seine gear may exhibit two yellow lights in a vertical line These lights shall flash alternately every second and with equal light and occultation duration These lights may be exhibited only when the vessel is hampered by its fishing CFR 85247 Details of Sound Signal Appliances1 and range of audibilityThe fundamental frequency of the signal shall lie within the range 70700 Hz The range of audibility of the signal from a whistle shall be determined by those frequencies which may include the fundamental andor one or more higher frequencies which lie within the range 180700 Hz 1for a vessel of 20 meters or more in length or 180Hz 1for a vessel of less than 20 meters in length and which provide the sound pressure levels specified in paragraph 1c belowbLimits of fundamental frequenciesTo ensure a wide variety of whistle the fundamental frequency of a whistle shall be between the following limitsi200 Hz for a vessel 200 meters or more in lengthii350 Hz for a vessel 75 meters but less than 200 meters in lengthiii700 Hz for a vessel less than 75 meters in lengthcSound signal intensity and rangeof audibilityA whistle fitted in a vessel shall provide in the direction of maximum intensity of the whistle and at a distance of 1 meter from it a sound pressure level in at least one 13octave band within the range of frequencies 180700 Hz 1for a vessel of 20 meters or more in length or 1802100 Hz 1or a vessel of less than 20 meters in length of not less than the appropriate figure given in the table belowThe range of audibility in the table above is for information and is approximately the range at which a whistle may be heard on its forward axis with 90 percent probability in conditions of still air on board a vessel having average background noise level at the listening posts taken to be 68 dB in the octave band centered on 250 Hz and 63 dB in the octave band centered on 500 HzINLANDnnex33 CFR 86Technical Details of Sound Signal Appliances247 8601 WhistlesaThe fundamental frequency of the signal shall lie within the range 700 Hz The range of audibility of the signal from a whistle shall be determined by those frequencies which may include the fundamental andor one or more higher frequencies which lie within the range Hz 1or a vessel of 20 meters or more in length or 180Hz 1 for a vessel of less than 20 meters in length and which provide the sound pressure levels specified in paragraph c of this sectionbTo ensure a wide variety of whistle the fundamental frequency of a whistle shall be between the following limitsi200 Hz for a vessel 200 meters or more in lengthii350 Hz for a vessel 75 meters but less than 200 meters in lengthiiiHz for a vessel less than 75 meters in lengthcA whistle fitted ina vessel shall provide in the direction of maximum intensity of the whistle and at a distance of 1 meter from it a sound pressure level in at least one tave band within the range of frequencies 180Hz 1 for a vessel of 20 meters or morein length or 1802100 Hz 1or a vessel of less than 20 meters in lengthof not less than the appropriate figure given in Table 8601c of this sectionThe range of audibility in Table 8601c is the approximate range at which a whistle may be heard on its forward axis with 90 probability in conditions of still air on board a vessel having average background noise level at the listening posts taken to be 68 dB in the octave band centered on 250 Hz and 63 dB in the octave band centered on 500 HzIt is shown for informational purposes onlyIn practice the range at which a whistle may be heard is extremely variable and depends critically on weather conditions the values given can be regarded as typical but under conditions of strong wind or high ambient noise level at the listening post the range may be of vessel in meters13octave band level at 1 meter in dB referred to range in nautical miles200 or more14375 but less than 2001381520 but less than 75130Less than the measured frequencies lie within the range 180450 HzWhen the measured frequencies lie within the range 450800 HzWhen the measured frequencies lie within the range 8002100 HzIn practice the range at which a whistle may be heard is extremely variable and depends critically on weather conditions the values given can be regarded as typical but under conditions of strong wind or high ambient noise level at the listening post the range may be much pressure level of a directional whistle shall be not more than 4 dB below the prescribed sound pressure level on the axis at any direction in the horizontal plane within 261 45 degrees of the axis The sound pressure level at any other direction in the horizontal plane shall be not more than 10 dB below the prescribed sound pressure level on the axis so that the range in any direction will be at least half the range on the forward axis The sound pressure level shall be measured in that onethird octave band which determines the audibility of whistlesWhen a directional whistle is to be used as the only whistle on a vessel it shall be installed with its maximum intensity directed straight aheadA whistle shall be placed as high as practicable on a vessel in order to reduce interception of the emitted sound by obstructions and also to minimize hearing damage risk to personnel The sound pressure level of the vessel222s own signal at listening posts shall not exceed 110 dBA and so far as practicable should not exceed 100 dBAfFitting of more than one whistleIf whistles are fitted at a distance apart of more than 100 meters it shall be so arranged that they are not sounded 8601cLength of vessel in metersoctave band level at 1 meter in dB referred to range in nautical miles200 or more14375 but less than 2001381520 but less than 75130Less than 2012011511105 When the measured frequencies lie within the range 180Hz When the measured frequencies lie within the range 450Hz When the measured frequencies lie within the range propertiesThe sound pressure level of a directional whistle shall be not more than 4 dB below the sound pressure level specified in paragraph c of this section in any direction in the horizontal plane within 45 degrees of the forward axis The sound pressure level of the whistle in any other direction in the horizontal plane shall not be more than 10 dB less than the sound pressure level specified for the forward axis so that the range of audibility in any direction will be at least half the range required on the forward axis The sound pressure level shall be measured in that one octave band which determines the audibility rangeeWhen a directional whistle is to be used as the only whistle on the vessel and is permanently installed it shall be installed with its forward axis directed forwardA whistle shall be placed as high as practicable on a vessel in order to reduce interception of the emitted sound by obstructions and also to minimize hearing damage risk to personnel The sound pressure level of the vessel222s own signal at listening posts shall not exceed 110 dBA and so far as practicable should not exceed 100 dBAfIf whistles are fitted at a distance apart of more than 100 meters they shall not be sounded whistle systemsIf due to the presence of obstructions the sound field of a single whistle or of one of the whistles referred to in paragraph 1f above is likely to have a zone of greatly reduced signal level it is recommended that a combined whistle system be fitted so as to overcome this reduction For the purposes of the Rules a combined whistle system is to be regarded as a single whistle The whistles of a combined system shall be located at a distance apart of not more than 100 meters and arranged to be sounded simultaneously The frequency of any one whistle shall differ from those of the others by at least 10 Hz2 Bell or gongaIntensity of signalA bell or gong or other device having similar sound shall produce a sound pressure level of not less than 110 dB at a distance of 1 meter from and gongs shall be made of material and designed to give a clear tone The diameter of the mouth of the bell shall be not less than 300 mm for vessels of 20 meters or more in length Where practicable a powerdriven bell striker is recommended to ensure constant force but manual operation shall be possible The mass of the striker shall be not less than 3 percent of the mass of the bell3 ApprovalThe construction of sound signal appliances their performance and their installation on board the vessel shall be to the satisfaction of the appropriate authority of the State whose flag the vessel is entitled to combined whistle system is a number of whistles sound emitting sources operated together For the purposes of the Rules in Subchapter Ea combined whistle system is to be regarded as a single whistleiiThe whistles of a combined system shall1Be located at a distance apart of not more than 100 meters2Be sounded have a fundamental frequency different from those of the others by at least 10 Hzand 4Have a tonal characteristic appropriate for the length of vessel which shall be evidenced by at least twothirds of the whistles in the combined system having fundamental frequencies falling within the limits prescribed in paragraph b of this section orif there are only two whistles in the combined system by the higher fundamental frequency falling within the limits prescribed in paragraph b of this sectionOTE TO PARAGRAPHgdue to the presence of sound field of a single whistle or of one of the whistles referred to in paragraph f of this sectionis likely to have a zone of greatly reduced signal levela combined whistle system should be fitted so as to overcome this reductionhA powerdriven vessel normally engaged in pushing ahead or towing alongside may at all times use a whistle whose characteristic falls within the limits prescribed by paragraph b of this sectionfor the longest customary composite length of the vessel and its tow2478602 Bell or gongaA bell or gong or other device having similar sound shall produce a sound pressure level of not less than 110 dB at 1 and gongs shall be made of and designed to giveclear tone The diameter of the mouth of the bell shall be not less than 300 mm for vessels 20 meters or morein lengthWhere practicable a powerdriven bell striker is recommended to ensure constant force but manual operation shall be possibleThe mass of the striker shall be not less than 3 percent of the mass of the bell 247 8390 of Title 33 Code of Federal SignalsThe following signals used or exhibited either together or separately indicate distress and need of assistanceaa gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about aminuteba continuous sounding with any fogsignaling or shells throwing red stars fired one at a time at short intervalsda signal made by any signaling method consisting of the group SOS in the Morse Codeea signal sent by radiotelephony consisting of the spoken word International Code Signal of distress indicated by NCga signal consisting of a square flag having above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ballhflames on the vessel as from a burning tar barrel oil barrel etcia rocket parachute flare or a hand flare showing a red lightja smoke signal giving off orangecolored smokekslowly and repeatedly raising and lowering arms outstretched to each sidela distress alert by means of digital selective calling DSCansmitted oniHF channel 70 orii MFHF on the frequencies 21875 kHz 84145 kHz 42075 kHz 6312 kHz 12577 kHz or 168045 kHzma shiptoshore distress alert transmitted by the ship222s Inmarsat or other bile satellite service provider ship earth transmitted by emergency radio signals transmitted by systems including survival craft radar use or exhibition of any of the foregoing signals except for the purpose of indicating distress and need of assistance and the use of other signals which may be confused with any of the above signals is is drawn to the relevant sections of the International Code of Signals the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual Volume III and the following signalsaa piece of orangecolored canvas with either a black square and circle or other appropriate symbol for identification from the airba dye markerThe US Coast Guard terminated monitoring DSC safety and distress frequency 21875 kHz on August 1 2013 78 FR CFR 87Distress Signals247 871 Need of assistanceThe following signals used or exhibited either together or separately indicate distress and need of assistanceaA gun or other explosive signal fired at intervals of about a minutebA continuous sounding with any fogsignaling or shells throwing red stars fired one at a time at short intervalsdA signal made by any method consisting of the group SOS in the Morse CodeeA signal sent by radiotelephony consisting of the spoken word International Code Signal of distress indicated by NCgA signal consisting of a square flag having above or below it a ball or anything resembling a ballhFlames on the vessel as from a burning tar barrel oil barrel etciA rocket parachute flare or a hand flare showing a red lightjA smoke signal giving off orangecolored smokekSlowly and repeatedly raising and loweringarms outstretched to each sidelA distress alert by means of digital selective calling DSCansmitted oniVHF channel 70 oriiMFHF on the frequencies 21875 kHz 84145 kHz 42075 kHz 6312kHz 12577 kHz or 168045 kHzmA shiptoshore distress alert transmitted by the ship222s Inmarsat or other mobile satellite service provider ship earth transmitted by emergency radio transmitted by systems including survival craft radar transponders meeting the requirements of 47 CFR 80109 andpA high intensity white light flashing at regular intervals from 50 to 70 times per minute247 8702 Exclusive use The use or exhibition of any of the foregoing signals except for the purpose of indicating distress and need of assistance and the use of other signals which may be confused with any of the above signals is prohibited247 8703 Supplemental signals Attention is drawn to the relevant sections of the International Code of Signals the International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue Manual Volume III the International Union Radio Regulations and the following signalsapiece of orangecolored canvas with either a black square and circle or other for identification from the airbdye markerThe US Coast Guard terminated monitoring DSC safety and distress frequency 21875 kHz on August 1 2013 78 FR CFR 88Pilot Rules247 8801 Purpose and Part applies to all vessels operating on United States inland waters and to United States vessels operating on the Canadian waters of the Great Lakes to the extent there is no conflict with Canadian law247 8803 DefinitionsThe terms used in this part have the same meaning as the terms defined in Part 83 of this ubchapter247 8805 Law enforcement vesselsaLaw enforcement vessels may display a flashing blue light when engaged in direct law enforcement or public safety activities This light must be located so that it does not interfere with the visibility of the vessel222s navigation lightsbThe blue light described in this section may be displayed by law enforcement vessels of the United States and the States and their political 88Public Safety engaged in government sanctioned public safety activities and commercial vessels performing similar functions may display an alternately flashing red and yellow light signal This identification light signal must be located so that it does not interfere with the visibility of the vessel222s navigation lights The identification light signal may be used only as an identification signal and conveys no special privilege Vessels using the identification light signal during public safety activities mustabide by the nland avigation ules and must not presume that the light or the exigency gives them precedence or right of waybPublic safety activities include but are not limited to patrolling marine parades regattas or special water celebrations traffic control salvage firefighting medical assistance assisting disabled vessels and search and RULES33 CFR 82247 821 PurposeThis part contains the interpretative rules concerning the 72 COLREGS that are adopted by the Coast Guard for the guidance of the public247 823 Pushing vessel and vessel being pushed Composite unitRule 24b of the 72 COLREGS states that when a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they are regarded as a powerdriven vessel and must exhibit the lights under Rule 23 A 223composite unit224 is interpreted to be a pushing vessel that is rigidly connected by mechanical means to a vessel being pushed so they react to sea and swell as one means224 does not include the followinga Linesb Hawsersc Wiresd Chains247 825 Lights for moored vesselsFor the purposes of Rule 30 of the 72 COLREGS a includes a barge made fast to one or more mooring buoys or other similar device attached to the sea or river floor Such a barge may be lighted as a vessel at anchor in accordance with Rule 30 or may be lighted on the corners in accordance with 33 CFR 30h through l247 827 Sidelights for unmanned bargesAn unmanned barge being towed may use the exception of COLREGRule 24h However this exception only applies to the vertical sector RULES33 CFR 90247 901PurposeThis part contains the interpretative rules for the Inland RulesThese interpretative rules are intended as a guide to assist the public and promote compliance with the Inland Rules247 903 Pushing vessel and vessel being pushed Composite unitRule 24b of the Inland Rules states that when a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead are rigidly connected in a composite unit they are regarded as a powerdriven vessel and must exhibit the lights prescribed in Rule 23 A 223composite unit224 is interpreted to be the combination of a pushing vessel and a vessel being pushed ahead that are rigidly connected by mechanical means so they react to sea and swell as one vessel Mechanical means does not include lines wires hawsers or chains905 Lights for moored vesselsA vessel at anchor includes a vessel made fast to one or more mooring buoys or other similar device attached to the ocean floor Such vessels may be lighted as a vessel at anchor in accordance with Rule 30 or may be lighted on the corners in accordance with 33 CFR 8330h through l247 907 Sidelights for unmanned bargesAn unmanned barge being towed may use the exception of COLREGRule 24h However this exception only applies to the vertical sector PROVISIONS33 USC 1608aLiability of vessel operator for operates a vessel subject to the provisions of this Chapter in violation of this chapter or of any regulation promulgated pursuant to section 1607 of this title shall be liable to a civil penalty of not more than 5000 for each such of vessel for violations seizure of vesselEvery vessel subject to the provisions of this chapter other thana public vessel being used for noncommercial purposes which is operated in violation of this chapter or of any regulation promulgated pursuant to section 1607 of this title shall be liable to a civil penalty of not more than 5000 for each such violation for which penalty the vessel may be seized and proceeded against in the district court of the United States of any district within which such vessel may be of penalties notice opportunity for hearing remission mitigation and compromise of penalty action for collectionThe Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating may assess any civil penalty authorized by this section No such penalty may be assessed until the person charged or the owner of the vessel charged as appropriate shall have been given notice of the violation involved and an opportunity for a hearing For good cause shown the Secretary may remit mitigate or compromise any penalty assessed Upon the failure of the person charged or the ownerof the vessel charged to pay an assessed penalty as it may have been mitigated or compromised the Secretary may request the Attorney General to commence an action in the appropriate district court of the United States for collection of the penalty as assessed without regard to the amount involved together with such other relief as may be PROVISIONS33 USC 2072aLiability of operator for civil penaltyWhoever operates a vessel in violation of this chapter or of any regulation issued thereunder or in violation of a certificate of alternative compliance issued under Rule 1 is liable to a civil penalty of not more than 5000 for each of vessel for civil penalty seizure of vesselEvery vessel subject to this chapter other than a public vessel being used for noncommercial purposes that is operated in violation of this chapter or of any regulation issued thereunder or in violation of a certificate of alternative compliance issued under Rule 1is liable to a civil penalty of not more than 5000 for each violation for which penalty the vessel may be seized and proceeded against in the district court of the United States of any district within which the vessel may be of civil penalty by Secretary collectionThe Secretary may assess any civil penalty authorized by this section No such penalty may be assessed until the person charged or the owner of the vessel charged as appropriate shall have been given notice of the violation involved and an opportunity for a hearing For good cause shown the Secretary may remit mitigate or compromise any penalty assessed Upon the failure of the person charged or the owner of the vessel charged to pay an assessed penalty as it may have been mitigated or compromised the Secretary may request the Attorney General to commence an action in the appropriate district court of the United States for collection of the penalty as assessed without regard to the amount involved together with such other relief as may be appropriated Withholding of clearance1 If any owner operator or individual in charge of a vessel is liable for a penalty under this section or if reasonable cause exists to believe that the owner operator or individual in charge may be subject to a penalty under this section the Secretary of the Treasury upon the request of the Secretary shall with respect to such vessel refuse or revoke any clearance required by section 60105 of Title 462 Clearance or a permit refused or revoked under this subsection may be granted upon filing of a bond or other surety satisfactory to the of ALTERNATIVE COMPLIANCE33 CFR 81The alternative compliance procedures for the International and the Inland Rules are the same although they appear in two distinct parts of the Code of Federal Regulations 33 CFR parts 81 and for a Certificate of Alternative of Alternative Compliance of Alternative Compliance of certification of vessels of special construction or purpose247 811891 DefinitionsAs used in this part72 COLREGSrefers to the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 done at London October 20 1972 as rectified by the ProcesVerbal of December 1 1973 as amendedrefers to the Inland Navigation Rules contained in the Rules Act of 1980 Pub L 96591 and the technical annexes established under that Actmeans a vessel designed or modified to perform a special function and whose arrangement is thereby made relatively when installation or use of lights shapes or soundsignaling appliances under the 72 COLREGSInland Rules prevents or significantly hinders the operation in which the vessel is usually engaged247 of special construction or purpose which cannot fully comply with the light shape and sound signal provisions of the Rules without interfering with their special function may instead meet alternative requirements The Chief of the in each Coast Guard District Office makes this determination and requires that alternative compliance be as close as possible with the 72 COLREGSInland Rules These regulations set out the procedure by which a vessel may be certified for alternative compliance The information collection and recordkeeping requirements in 247247815 8118 895 and 8919 have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget under OMB control No 815895 Application for a Certificate of Alternative ComplianceaThe owner builder operator or agent of a vessel of special construction or purpose who believes the vessel cannot fully comply with the 72 COLREGSInland Rules light shape or sound signal provisions without interference with its special function may apply for a determination that alternative compliance is justified The application must be in writing submitted to the Chief of the of the Coast Guard District in which the vessel is being built or operated and include the following name address and telephone number of the applicant2The identification of the vessel by itsiOfficial hull numberiiiHull identification number orivState number if the vessel does not have an official number or hull identification number3Vessel name and home port if known4A description of the vessel222s area of operation5A description of the provision for which the Certificate of Alternative Compliance is sought includingiThe 72 COLREGSInland Rules Rule or Annex section number for which the Certificate of Alternative Compliance is soughtiiA description of the special function of the vessel that would be interfered with by full compliance with the provision of that Rule or Annex section and iiiA statement of how full compliance would interfere with the special function of the vessel6A description of the alternative installation that is in closest possible compliance with the applicable 72 COLREGSInland Rules Rule or Annex section7A copy of the vessel222s plans or anaccurate scale drawing that clearly showsiThe required installation of the equipment under the COLREGSInland RulesiiThe proposed installation of the equipment for which certification is being sought andiiiAny obstructions that may interfere with the equipment when installed inAThe required location andBThe proposed locationbThe Coast Guard may request from the applicant additional information concerning the of Alternative Compliance ContentsThe Chief of the issues the Certificate of Alternative Compliance to the vessel based on a determination that it cannot comply fully with 72 COLREGSInland Rules light shape and sound signal provisions without interference with its special function This Certificate of the vessel as supplied in the application under 247915a2 or 895a2bThe provision of the 72 COLREGSInland Rules for which the alternative compliancecA certification that the vessel is unable to comply fully with the 72 COLREGSInland Rules light shape and sound signal requirements without interference with its special functiondA statement of why full compliance would interfere with the special function of the vesseleThe required alternative installationfA statement that the required alternative installation is in the closest possible compliance with the 72 COLREGSInland Rules without interfering with the special function of the vesselgThe date of issuancehA statement that the Certificate of Alternative Compliance terminates when the vessel ceases to be usually engaged in the operation for which the certificate is issued247 81178917 Certificate of Alterative Compliance TerminationThe Certificate of Alternative Compliance terminates if the information supplied under 247815a247895a or the Certificate issued under 247819247899 is no longer applicable to the vessel247 81188918Notice andRecord of ertification of essels of pecial onstruction or urposeCOLREGS Onlya In accordance with 33 USC 1605c a notice is published in the EDERAL EGISTERif the following1Each Certificate of Alternative Compliance issued under 247 819 and2Each Coast Guard vessel determined by the Commandant to be a vessel of special construction or purposeba Copies of Certificates of Alternative Compliance and documentation Guard vessels are available for inspection at the offices of the Marine Transportation Systems Directorate US Coast Guard Headquarters CG5PW Stop 7509 2703 Martin Luther King Jr Avenue SE Washington DC 20593cb The owner or operator of a vessel issued a certificate shall ensure that the vessel does not operate unless the Certificate of Alternative Compliance or a certified copy of that certificate is on board the vessel and available for inspection by Coast Guardpersonnel IMPLEMENTING RULESWATERS UPONWHICH CERTAIN RULESAPPLY33 CFR 89247 8921 PurposeInland Navigation Rules 9aii 14d and 15b apply to the Great Lakes and along with 24i apply on the 223Western Rivers224 as defined in Rule 31 and to additional specifically designated waters The purpose of this Subpart is to specify those additional waters upon which Inland Navigation Rules 9aii 14d 15b and 24j apply8925 Waters upon which Inland Rules 9aii 14d and 15b applyInland Rules 9aii 14d and 15b apply on the Great Lakes the Western Rivers and thefollowing specified RivercBlack Warrior RiverdAlabama RivereCoosa RiverfMobile River above the Cochrane Bridge at StLouis PointgFlint River above itsconfluence with the Jackson Rive8927 Waters upon which Inland Rule 24j appliesaInland Rule 24 applies on the Western Rivers and the specified waters listed in 2478925 a through ibInland Rule 24 applies on the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway from St Marks Florida to the Rio Grande Texas including the Morgan CityPort Allen Alternate Route and the Cutoff except that a powerdriven vessel pushing ahead or towing alongside shall exhibit the lights required by Inland Rule 24c while transiting within the following areas1St Andrews Bay from the Hathaway Fixed Bridge at Mile 2846 East of Harvey Locks EHL to the Dupont Fixed Bridge at Mile 2954 EHL2Pensacola Bay Santa Rosa Sound and Big Lagoon from the Light 22310224 off of Trout Point at Mile 1769 EHL to the Pensacola Fixed Bridge at Mile 1891 EHL3Mobile Bay and Bon Secour Bay from the Dauphin Island Causeway Fixed Bridge at Mile 1277 EHL to Little Point Clear at Mile 140 Sound from Grand Island Waterway Light 2231224 at Mile 538 EHL to Light 22340224 off the West Point of Dauphin Island at Mile 1187 EHL5The Mississippi River at New Orleans Mississippi RiverGulf Outlet Canal and the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal from the junction of the Harvey Canal and the Algiers Alternate Route at Mile 65 West of Harvey Locks WHL to the Michoud Canal at Mile 18 EHL6The Calcasieu River from the Calcasieu Lock at Mile 2386 WHL to the Ellender Lift Bridge at Mile 2436 WHL7The Sabine Neches Canal from Mile 2625 WHL to Mile 2915 WHL8Bolivar Roads from the Bolivar Assembling Basin at Mile 346 WHL to the Galveston Causeway Bridge at Mile 3573 WHL9Freeport Harbor from Surfside Beach Fixed Bridge at Mile 3938 WHL to the Bryan Beach Pontoon Bridge at Mile 3976 WHL10Matagorda Ship Channel area of Matagorda Bay from Range 223K224 Front Light at Mile 4687 WHL to the Port O222Connor Jetty at Mile Christi Bay from Redfish Bay Day Beacon 22355224 at Mile 5374 WHL when in the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway main route or from the north end of Lydia Ann Island Mile 5311A when in the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway Alternate Route to Corpus Christi Bay LT 76 at Mile 5437 WHL12Port Isabel and Brownsville Ship Channel south of the Padre Island Causeway Fixed Bridge atMile 6651 WHLCOLREGS DEMARCATION LINES33 CFR Generalbasis and purpose of demarcation linesATLANTIC COASTFIRST DISTRICT80105 Calais ME to Cape Small ME80110 Casco Bay ME80115 Portland Head ME to Cape Ann MA80120 Cape Ann MA to Marblehead Neck MA80125 Marblehead Neck MA to Nahant MA80130 Boston Harbor entrance80135 Hull MA to Race Point MA80145 Race Point MA to Watch Hill 80150 Block Island 80155 Watch Hill to Montauk Point NY80160 Montauk Point NY to Atlantic Beach NY80165 New York Harbor80170 Sandy Hook NJ to Tom222s River NJFIFTH DISTRICT80501 Tom222s RiverNJ to Cape May NJ80503 Delaware Bay80505 Cape Henlopen DE to Cape Charles VA80510 Chesapeake Bay Entrance VA80515 Cape Henry VA to Cape Hatteras NC80520 Cape Hatteras NC to Cape Lookout NC80525 Cape Lookout NC to Cape Fear NC80530 Cape Fear NC to New River Inlet NCSEVENTH DISTRICT80703 Little River Inlet SC to Cape Romain SC80707 Cape Romain SC to Sullivans Island SC80710 Charleston Harbor SC80712 Morris Island SC to Hilton Head Island SC80715 Savannah River80717 Tybee Island GA to St Simons Island GA80720 St Simons Island GA to Amelia Island FL80723 Amelia Island FL to Cape Canaveral FL80727 Cape Canaveral FL to Miami Beach FL80730 Miami Harbor FL80735 Miami FL to Long Key Puerto Rico and Virgin IslandsGULF COASTSEVENTH Long Key FL to Cape Sable FL80745 Cape Sable FL to Cape Romano FL80748 Cape Romano FL to Sanibel Island FL80750 Sanibel Island FL to St Petersburg FL80753 St Petersburg FL to Anclote FL80755 Anclote FL to the Suncoast Keys FL80757 Suncoast Keys FL to Horseshoe Point FL80760 Horseshoe Point FL to Rock Island FLEIGHTH DISTRICT80805 Rock IslandFL to Cape San Blas FL80810 Cape San Blas FL to Perdido Bay FL80815 Mobile Bay AL to the Chandeleur Island LA80825 Mississippi Passes LA80830 Mississippi Passes LA to Point Au Fer LA80835 Point Au Fer LA to Calcasieu Pass LA80840 Sabine Pass TX to Galveston TX80845 Galveston TX to Freeport TX80850 Brazos River TX to the Rio Grande TXPACIFIC COASTELEVENTH DISTRICT801102 Santa Catalina Island CA801104 San Diego Harbor CA801106 Mission Bay CA801108 Oceanside Harbor CA801110 Dana Point Harbor CA801112 Newport Bay CA801114 San Pedro BayAnaheim Bay CA801116 Redondo Harbor CA801118 Marina Del Rey CA801120 Port Hueneme CA801122 Channel Islands Harbor CA801124 Ventura Marina CA801126 Santa Barbara Harbor CA801130 San Luis Obispo Bay CA801132 EsteroMorro Bay CA801134 Monterey Harbor CA801136 Moss Landing Harbor CA801138 Santa Cruz Harbor CA801140 Pillar Point Harbor CA801142 San Francisco Harbor CA801144 Bodega and Tomales Bay CA801146 Albion River CA801148 Noyo River CA801150 ArcataHumboldt Bay CA801152 Crescent City Harbor CATHIRTEENTH Chetco River OR801310 Rogue River OR801315 Coquille River OR801320 Coos Bay OR801325 Umpqua River OR801330 Siuslaw River OR801335 Alsea Bay OR801340 Yaquina Bay OR801345 Depoe Bay OR801350 Netarts Bay OR801355 Tillamook Bay OR801360 Nehalem River OR801365 Columbia River Entrance ORWA801370 Willapa Bay WA801375 Grays Harbor WA801380 Quillayute River WA801385 Strait of Juan de Fuca801390 Haro Strait and Strait of Georgia801395 Puget Sound and adjacent watersPACIFIC DISTRICT801410 Hawaiian Island Exemption from General Rule801420 Mamala Bay Oahu 801430 Kaneohe Bay Oahu 801440 Port Allen Kauai HI801450 Nawiliwili Harbor Kauai 801460 Kahului Harbor Maui 801470 Kawaihae Harbor Hawaii 801480 Hilo Harbor Hawaii 801490 Apra Harbor US Territory of Guam801495 US Pacific Island DISTRICT801705 8001 General basis and purpose of demarcation linesaThe regulations in this part establish the lines of demarcation delineating those waters upon which mariners shall comply with the International Regulations for at Sea 1972 72COLREGS and those waters upon which mariners shall comply with the Inland Navigation RulesbThe waters inside of the lines are Inland Rules Waters The waters outside the lines are COLREGS WatersATLANTIC COASTFIRST DISTRI247 80105 Calais ME to Cape Small METhe 72 COLREGS shall apply on the harbors bays and inlets on the east coast of Maine from International Bridge at Calais ME to the extremity of Bald Head at Cape Small247 80110 Casco Bay MEaA line drawn from the extremity of Bald Head at Cape Small to the extremity of Ragged Island thence to the southern tangent of Jaquish Island thence to Little Mark Island Monument Light thence to the northernmost extremity of Jewell Islandb A line drawn from the tower on Jewell Island charted in approximate position latitude 43260406222 N longitude 70260059222 W to the extremity of Outer Green IslandcA line drawn from the extremity of Outer Green Island to Ram Island Ledge Light thence to Portland Head Light247 80115 Portland Head ME to Cape Ann MAaExcept inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the harbors bays and inlets on the east coast of Maine New Hampshire and Massachusetts from Portland Head to Halibut Point at Cape AnnbA line drawn from the southernmost tower on Gerrish Island charted in approximate position latitude 43260040222 N longitude 70260412222 W to Whaleback Light thence to Jeffrey Point Light 2A thence to the extremity of Frost PointcA line drawn from the northernmost extremity of Farm Point to Annisquam Harbor Light247 80120 Cape Ann MA to Marblehead Neck MAaExcept inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the harbors bays and inlets on the east coast of Massachusetts from Halibut Point at Cape Ann to Marblehead NeckbA line drawn from Gloucester Breakwater Light to the twin towers charted in approximate position latitude 42260351222 N longitude 70260416222 WcA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Gales Point to the easternmost extremity of House Island thence to Bakers Island Light thence to Marblehead Light247 80125 Marblehead Neck MA to NahantMAThe 72 COLREGS apply on the harbors bays and inlets on the east coast of Massachusetts from Marblehead Neck to the easternmost tower at Nahant charted in approximate position latitude 42260254222 N longitude 70260546222 W247 80130 Boston Harbor entranceA line drawn from the easternmost tower at Nahant charted in approximate position latitude 42260254222 N longitude 70260546222 W to Boston Lighted Horn Buoy 223B224 thence to the easternmost radio tower at Hull charted in approximate position latitude 42260167222 N longitude 70260526222 W247 80135 Hull MA to Race Point MAaExcept inside lines described in this section the 72 COLREGS apply on the harbors bays and inlets on the east coast of Massachusetts from the easternmost radio tower at Hull charted in approximate position latitude 42260167222 N longitude 70260526222 W to Race Point on Cape CodbA line drawn from Canal Breakwater Light 4 south to the shoreline247 80145 Race Point MA to Watch Hill aExcept inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the sounds bays harbors and inlets along the coast of Cape Cod and the southern coasts of Massachusetts and Rhode Island from Race Point to Watch HillbA line drawn from Nobska Point Light to Tarpaulin Cove Light on the southeastern side of Naushon Island thence from the southernmost tangent of Naushon Island to the easternmost extremity of Nashawena Island thence from the southwestern most extremity of Nashawena Island to the easternmost extremity of Cuttyhunk Island thence from the southwestern tangent of Cuttyhunk Island to the tower on Gooseberry Neck charted in approximate position latitude 41260291222 longitude 71260023222 WcA line drawn from Sakonnet Breakwater Light 2 tangent to the southernmost partof Sachuest Point charted in approximate position latitude 41260 285222 N longitude 71260148222 WdAn eastwest line drawn through Beavertail Light between Brenton Point and the Boston Neck shoreline247 80150 Block Island The 72 COLREGS shall apply on the harbors of Block Island247 80155 Watch Hill to Montauk Point NYaA line drawn from N W Watch Hill Lightto East Point on Fishers IslandbA line drawn from Race Point at N W RaceRock Light thence to N W Little Gull Island Lightthence to East Point on Plum IslandcA line drawn from N W Plum Island Harbor East Dolphin Lightto N WPlum Island Harbor West Dolphin LightdA line drawn from N W Plum Island Lightto N W Orient Point Light thence to Orient PointeA line drawn from the N 072260100224 W Long Beach Bar Light to Cornelius PointfA line drawn from N WCoecles Harbor Entrance Lightto Sungic PointgA line drawn from Nicoll Point to W Cedar Island Light3CIhA line drawn from N W Threemile Harbor West Breakwater Lightto N W Threemile Harbor East Breakwater LightiA line drawn from N W Montauk West Jetty Light to N W Montauk East Jetty Light 247 80160 Montauk Point NY to Atlantic Beach NYaA line drawn from N W Shinnecock Inlet Breakwater Light 2 to N W Shinnecock Inlet Breakwater Light 1bA line drawn from N W Moriches Inlet Breakwater Light 2 to N W Moriches Inlet Breakwater LightcA line drawn from the westernmost point on Fire Island to the southernmost extremity of the spit of land at the western end of Oak Beach dA line drawn N Jones Inlet Light322260 true across Jones Inlet to the shoreline247 80165 New York HarborA line drawn from N 0732604224 W East Rockaway Inlet Breakwater Lightto N W Sandy Hook LightFIFTH DISTRICT247 80Sandy Hook NJ to Toms River NJaA line drawnacross the seaward extremity of Shark River InletbA line drawn across the seaward extremity of Manasquan InletcA line drawn across the seaward extremity of Barnegat Inlet247 80Toms River NJ to Cape May NJaA line drawn from the seaward tangent of Long Beach Island to the seaward tangent to Pullen Island across Beach Haven and Little Egg Inletthence across Brigantine Inlet to Brigantine IslandbA line drawn from the seaward extremity of AbseconInlet cA line drawn parallel with the general trend of highwater shoreline from the southernmost point of Longport at longitude 331W across Great Egg Harbor InletdA line drawn parallel with the general trend of highwater shoreline across Corson InleteA line formed by the centerline of the Townsend Inlet Highway BridgefA line formed by the shoreline of Seven Mile Beach to 0022223757224 N 07428017224 W Hereford Inlet LightgA line drawn across the seaward extremity ofCape May Inlet247 80503 Delaware BayA line drawn from Cape May Light to Harbor of Refuge Light thence to the northernmost extremity of Cape Henlopen247 80505 Cape Henlopen DE to Cape Charles VAaA line drawn from the seaward extremity of Indian River Inlet North Jetty to Indian River Inlet SouthJetty LightbA line drawn from Ocean City Inlet Light 6 225260 true across Ocean City Inlet to the submerged south breakwatercA line drawn from Assateague Beach Tower Light to the tower charted at latitude 37260526222 N longitude 75260267222 WdA line formed by the range of Wachapreague Inlet Light 3 and Parramore Beach Lookout Tower drawn across Wachapreague InleteA line drawn from the lookout tower charted on the northern end of Hog Island to the seaward tangent of Parramore BeachfA Line drawn 207260 true from the lookout tower charted on the southern end of Hog Island across Great Machipongo InletgA line formed by the range of the two cupolas charted on the southern end of Cobb Island drawn across Sand Shoal InlethExcept as provided elsewhere in this section from Cape Henlopen to Cape Charles lines drawn parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across the entrances to small bays and inlets247 80510 Chesapeake Bay Entrance VAA line drawn from Cape Charles Light to Cape Henry Light80515 Cape Henry VA to Cape Hatteras NCaA line drawn from Rudee Inlet Jetty Light 2 to Rudee Inlet Jetty Light 1bA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge across Oregon Inlet247 80520 Cape Hatteras NC to Cape Lookout NCaA line drawn from Hatteras Inlet Lookout Tower at latitude 35260118222 N longitude 752609222 W 255260 true to the eastern end of Ocracoke IslandbA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Ocracoke Island at latitude 35260040222 N longitude 76260008222 W to the of Portsmouth Island at latitude 35260037222 N longitude 76260023222 WcA line drawn across Drum Inlet parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline247 80525 Cape Lookout NC to Cape Fear NCaA line drawn from Cape Lookout Light to the seaward tangent of the southeastern end of Shackleford BanksbA line drawn from Morehead City Channel Range Front Light to the seaward extremity of the Beaufort Inlet west jettycA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Bogue Banks at latitude 34260387222 Nlongitude 77260060222 Wacross Bogue Inlet to the northernmost extremity of Bear Beach at latitude 385222 N longitude 77260071222 WdA line drawn from the easternmost extremity on the southern side of New River Inlet at latitude 34260315222 N longitude 77260206222 W to the shoreline on the northeast side on New River InleteA line drawn across New Topsail Inlet between the closest extremities of the shore on either side of the inlet parallel with the general trend of the highwater shorelinefA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the jetty on the northeast side of Masonboro Inlet to the seaward extremity of the jetty on the southeast side of the InletgExcept as provided elsewhere in this section from Cape Lookout to Cape Fear lines drawn parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across the entrance of small bays and inlets247 80530 Cape Fear NC to Little River Inlet NCaA line drawn from the abandoned lighthouse charted in approximate position latitude 33260 524222 N longitude 78260001222 W across the Cape Fear River Entrance to Oak Island LightbExcept as provided elsewhere in this section from Cape Fear to Little River Inlet lines drawn parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across the entrance to small inletsSEVENTH DISTRICT247 80703 Little River Inlet SC to Cape Romain SCaA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of the sand spit on Bird Island to the easternmost extremity of Waties Island across Little River Inlet bFrom LittleRiver Inlet a line drawn parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across Hog Inlet thence a line drawn from Murrels Inlet Light 2 to Murrels Inlet Light 1 thence a line drawn parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across Midway Inlet Pawleys Inlet and North InletcA line drawn from the charted position of Winyah Bay North Jetty End Buoy 2N south to the Winyah Bay South JettydA line drawn from Santee Point to the seaward tangent of Cedar IslandeA line drawn from Cedar Island Point west to Murphy IslandfA northsouth line from the northernmost extremity of Cape Island Pointto Murphy Island247 80707 Cape Romain SC to Sullivans Island SCaA line drawn from the of Cape Romain to the point on coon KeybA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Raccoon Key to the northernmost extremity of Northeast PointcA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Bull Island to the easternmost extremity of Capers IslanddA line formed by the overhead power cable from Capers Island to Dewees IslandA line formed by the overhead power cable from Dewees Island to Isle of PalmseA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge between Isle of Palms and Sullivans Island over Breach Inlet247 80710 Charleston Harbor SCaA line formed by the submerged north jetty from the shore to the west end of the north jettybA line drawn from across the seaward extremity of the Charleston Harbor JettiescA line drawn from the west end of the South Jetty across the South Entrance to Charleston Harbor to shore on a line formed by the submerged south jetty247 80712 Morris Island SC to Hilton Head Island SCaA line drawn from the easternmost tip of Folly Island to N 0792605322203 Wabandoned lighthouse tower on the northside of Lighthouse Inlet thence west to the shoreline of Morris Island bA straight line drawn from the seaward tangent of Folly Island across Stono River to the shoreline of Sandy PointcA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Seabrook Island 257260 true across the North Edisto River Entrance to the shore of Botany Bay Island dA line drawn from the microwave antenna tower on Edisto Beach charted in approximate position latitude 32260293222 N longitude 80260192222 W across St Helena Sound to the abandoned lighthouse tower on Hunting IslandeA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge between Hunting Island and Fripp IslandfA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Bull Point on Capers Island to Port Royal Sound Channel Range Rear Light latitude 32260137222 N longitude 80260360222 W thence 259260 true to the easternmost extremity of Hilton Head at latitude 32260137222 N longitude 80260401222 W247 80715 Savannah RiverA line drawn from the southernmost tank on Hilton Head Island charted in approximate position latitude 32260067222 N longitude 80260493222 W to Bloody Point Range Rear Light thence to Tybee Light247 80717 Tybee Island GA to St Simons Island GAaA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Savannah Beach on Tybee Island 255260 true across Tybee Inlet to the shore of Little Tybee Island south of the entrance to Buck Hammock CreekbA straight line drawn from the extremity of Wassaw Island 031260 true through Tybee River Daybeacon 1 to the shore of Little Tybee IslandA line drawn approximately parallel with the general trend of the highwater shorelines from the seaward tangent of WassaIsland to the seaward tangent of Bradley Point on Ossabaw IslandcA northsouth line longitude 81260084222 W drawn from the southernmost extremity of Ossabaw Island to St Catherines IslanddA northsouth line longitude 81260106222 W drawn from the southernmost extremity of St Catherines Island to Northeast Point on Blackbeard IslandeA line following the general trend of the seaward highwater shoreline across Cabretta InletfA northsouth line longitude 81260169222 W drawn from the point on Sapelo Island to Wolf IslandgA northsouth line longitude 81260171222 W drawn from the point of Wolf Island to the point on Little St Simons IslandhA line drawn from the extremity of Sea Island 045260 true to Little St Simons Island iAn eastwest line from the southernmost extremity of Sea Island across Goulds Inlet to St Simons Island247 80720 St Simons Island GA to Amelia Island FLaA line drawn from St Simons Light to the northernmost tank on Jekyll Island charted in approximate position latitude 31260059222 N ongitude81260 245222 W bA line drawn from the southernmost tank on Jekyll Island charted in approximate position latitude 31260016222 N ongitude 81260252222 W to coordinate latitude 30260594222 N ongitude 81260237222 W 05 nautical mile east of the charted position of St Andrew Sound Lighted Buoy 32 thence to the abandoned lighthouse tower on the north end of Little Cumberland Island charted in approximate position latitude 30260585222 N ongitude 81260248222 WcA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the St Marys Entrance Jetties247 80723 Amelia Island FL to Cape Canaveral FLaA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Amelia Island to the extremity of Little Talbot IslandbA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge from Little Talbot Island to Fort George IslandcA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the St Johns River Entrance JettiesdA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the St Augustine Inlet JettieseA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over Matanzas InletfA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Ponce de Leon Inlet Jetties247 80727 Cape Canaveral FL to Miami Beach FLaA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Port Canaveral Entrance Channel JettiesbA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Sebastian Inlet JettiescA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Fort Pierce Inlet JettiesdA northsouth line longitude 80260 097222 W drawn across St Lucie InleteA line drawn from the seaward extremity of Jupiter Inlet North Jetty to the northeast extremity of the concrete apron on the south side of Jupiter inletfA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Lake Worth Inlet JettiesgA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Boynton Inlet JettieshA line drawn from Boca Raton Inlet North Jetty Light 2 to Boca Raton Inlet South Jetty Light iA line drawn from Hillsboro Inlet Light to Hillsboro Inlet Entrance Light 2 thence to Hillsboro Inlet Entrance Light 1 thence west to the shorelinejA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Port Everglades Entrance JettieskA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over Bakers Haulover Inlet247 80730 Miami Harbor FLA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Miami Harbor Government Cut Jetties247 80735 Miami FL to Long Key FLaA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Fisher Island 212260 true to the point latitude 25260450222 N longitude 80260 086222 W on Virginia KeybA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge between Virginia Key and Key BiscaynecA line drawn from Cape Florida Light to the northern most extremity on Soldier KeydA line drawn from the southernmost extremity on Soldier Key to the northernmost extremity of the Ragged KeyseA line drawn from the Ragged Keys to the southernmost extremity of Angelfish Key following the general trend of the seaward shorelinefA line drawn on the centerline of the Overseas Highway US 1 and bridges from latitude 25260193222 N longitude 80260160222 W at Little Angelfish Creek to the radar dome charted on Long Key at approximate position latitude 24260493222 N longitude 80260492222 SEVENTH DISTRICT247 80738 Puerto Rico and Virgin Islandsa Except inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on all other bays harbors and lagoons of Puerto Rico and the US Virgin IslandsbA line drawn from Puerto San Juan Light to position 18272285222 N 066272084222 W at the northwest extent of Isla de Cabras across the entrance ofSan Juan HarborGULF COASTSEVENTH DISTRICT80740 Long Key FL to Cape Sable FLA line drawn from the microwave tower charted on Long Key at approximate position latitude 488222N longitude 80260 496222 W to Long Key Light 1 thence to Arsenic Bank Light 2 thence to Sprigger Bank Light 5 thence to Schooner Bank Light 6 thence to Oxfoot Bank Light 10 thence to East Cape Light 2 thence through East Cape Daybeacon 1A to the shoreline at East Cape247 80745 Cape Sable FL to Cape Romano FLaA line drawn following the general trend of the mainland highwater shoreline from Cape Sable at East Cape to Little Shark River Light 1 thence to westernmost extremity of Shark Point thence following the general trend of the mainland highwater shoreline crossing the entrances of Harney River Broad Creek Broad River Rodgers River First Bay Chatham River Huston River to the shoreline at coordinate latitude 25260418222 N longitude 81260179222 WbThe 72 COLREGS shall apply to the waters surrounding the Ten Thousand Islands and the bays creeks inlets and rivers between Chatham Bend and Marco Island except inside lines specifically described in this partcA northsouth line drawn at longitude 81260202222 W across the entrance to Lopez RiverdA line drawnacross the entrance to Turner River parallel to the general trend of the shorelineeA line formed by the centerline of Highway 92 Bridge at Goodland247 80748 Cape Romano FL to Sanibel Island FLaA line drawn across Big Marco Pass parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelinebA line drawn from the extremity of Coconut Island 000260T across Capri PasscLines drawn across Hurricane and Little Marco Passes parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelinedA line from the seaward extremity of Gordon Pass South Jetty 014260 true to the shoreline at approximate coordinate latitude 26260057222 N ongitude 81260481222 WeA line drawn across the seaward extremity of Doctors Pass JettiesfLines drawn across Wiggins Big Hickory New and Big Carlos Passes parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelinegA straight line drawn from Sanibel Island Light through Matanzas Pass Channel Light 2 to the shore of Estero Island247 80750 Sanibel Island FL to St Petersburg FLaA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over Blind Pass between Captiva Island and Sanibel Island and lines drawn across Redfish and Captiva Passes parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater drawn across the Charlotte Harbor cLines drawn across Gasparilla and Stump Passes parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelinesdA lineacross the seaward extremity of Venice Inlet JettieseA line drawn across Midnight Pass parallel to the general trend of the seaward highwater of Lido Key position latitude 2726017gA line drawn across New Pass tangent to the seaward highwater shoreline of Longboat KeyhA line drawn across Longboat Pass parallel to the seaward highwater shorelineiA line drawn from the extremity of Bean Point to the extremity of Egmont KeyjA straight line drawn from Egmont Key Light through Egmont Channel Range Rear Light to the shoreline on Mullet KeykA line drawn from the northernmost extremity of Mullet Key across Bunces Pass and South Channel to PassGrille Channel Light 8 thence to PassGrille Channel Daybeacon 9 thence to the extremity of Long Key247 80753 St Petersburg FL to the Anclote FLaA line drawn across Blind Pass from the seaward extremity of the Long Key jetty to the seaward extremity of the Treasure Island jettybLines formed by the centerline of the highway bridges over Johns and Clearwater PassescA line drawn across Dunedin and Hurricane Passes parallel with the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelinedA line drawn from the northernmost extremity of Honeymoon Island to Anclote Anchorage South Entrance Light 3 thence to straight line to position latitude 282601247 80755 Anclote FL to the Suncoast Keys FLaExcept inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the bays bayous creeks marinas and riversfrom Anclote to the Suncoast KeysbA northsouth line drawn at longitude 82260383222 W across the Chassahowitzka River Entrance247 80757 Suncoast Keys FL to Horseshoe Point FLaExcept inside lines specifically described in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the bays bayous creeks and marinas from the Suncoast Keys to Horseshoe PointbA line formed by the centerline of Highway 44 Bridge over the Salt RivercA northsouth line drawn through Crystal River Entrance Daybeacon 25 across the river entrancedA northsouth line drawn through the Cross Florida Barge Canal Daybeacon 48 across the canaleA northsouth line drawn through Withlacoochee River Daybeacon 40 across the riverfA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of South Point north to the shoreline across the Waccasassa River EntrancegA line drawn from position latitude 29260166222 N longitude 83260067222 W 300260 true to the shoreline of Hog IslandhA northsouth line drawn through Suwannee River McgriffPass Daybeacons 30 and 31 across he Suwannee River247 80760 Horseshoe Point FL to Rock Islands FLaExcept inside lines specifically described provided in this section the 72 COLREGS shall apply on the bays bayous creeks marinas and rivers from Horseshoe Point to the Rock IslandsbA northsouth line drawn through Steinhatchee River Light 21cA line drawn from Fenholloway River Approach Light FR east across the entrance to Fenholloway RiverEIGHTH DISTRICT247 80805 Rock Island FL to Cape San Blas FLaA northsouth line drawn from the Econfina River Light to the opposite shorebA line drawn from Gamble Point Light to the southernmost extremity of Cabell PointcA line drawn from St Marks Range Rear Light to St Marks Channel Light 11 thence to the southernmost extremity of Live Oak Point thence in a straight line through Shell Point Light to the southernmost extremity of Ochlockonee Point thence to Bald Point along longitude 84260205222 WdA line drawn from the south shore of Southwest Cape at longitude 84260227222 Wto Dog Island Reef East Light 1 thence a straight line to the easternmost extremity of Dog IslandeA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Dog Island to the easternmost extremity of St George Island fA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the St George Island Channel JettiesgA line drawn from the extremity of Sand Island to West Pass Light 7hA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of St Vincent Island to the southeast highwater shoreline of Indian Peninsula at longitude 85260135222 W247 80810 Cape San Blas FL to Perdido Bay FLaA line drawn from St Joseph Bay Entrance Range A Rear Light through St Joseph Bay Entrance Range B Front Light to St Joseph PointbA line drawn across the mouth of Salt Creek as an extension of the general trend of the shoreline to continue across the inlet to St Andrews Sound in the middle of Crooked IslandcA line drawn between the seaward end of the St Andrews Bay Entrance JettiesdA line drawn between the seaward end of the Choctawatchee Bay Entrance JettieseAn eastwest line drawn from Fort McRee Leading Light across the Pensacola Bay Entrance along latitude 30260195222 NfA line drawn between the seaward end of the Perdido Pass Jetties247 80815 Mobile Bay AL to the Chandeleur Islands LAaA line drawn across the in lets to Little Lagoon as an extension of the general trend of the shorelinebA line drawn from N W Mobile Point Light to N W Dauphin Island Channel Light 1 to the eastern corner of Fort Gaines at Pelican Point A line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Dauphin Island to the easternmost extremity of Petit Bois IslandcA line drawn from Horn Island Pass Entrance Range Front Light on Petit Bois Island to the easternmost extremity of Horn IslanddAn eastwest line latitude 30260147222 N drawn between the westernmost extremity of Horn Island to the easternmost extremity of Ship Island eA curved line drawn following the general trend of the seaward highwater shoreline of Ship IslandfA line drawn from Ship Island Light to Chandeleur Light thence in a curved line following the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelines of the Chandeleur Islands to the island at latitude 29260441222 N longitude 88260530222 W thence to latitude 29260265222 N longitude 88260 556222 W247 80825 Mississippi Passes LAaA line drawn from latitude 29260265222 N longitude 88260556222 W to latitude 29260106222 N longitude 88260598222 W thence to latitude 29260035222 N longitude 89260037222 W thence to latitude 28260588222 N longitude 89260043222 WbA line drawn from latitude 28260588222 N longitude 89260043222 W to latitude 28260573222 N longitude 89260053222 W thence to latitude 282605695222 N longitude 89260056222 W thence to latitude 29260004222 N longitude 89260098222 W thence following the general trend of the seaward highwater shoreline in a northwesterly direction to latitude 29260034222 N longitude 89260130222 W thence west to latitude 29260035222 N longitude 89260155222 W thence following the general trend of the seaward high water shoreline in a southwesterly direction to latitude 28260577222 N longitude 89260223222 WcA line drawn from latitude 28260577222 N longitude 89260223222 W to latitude 28260514222 N longitude 89260245222 W thence to latitude 282605265N longitude 89260271222 W thence to the seaward extremity of the Southwest Pass West Jetty located at latitude 28260545222 N longitude 89260261222 W247 80830 Mississippi Passes LA to Point Au Fer LAaA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Southwest Pass West Jetty located at coordinate latitude 28260545222 N longitude 89260261222W thence following the general trend of the seaward highwater jetty and shoreline in a north northeasterly direction to Old Tower latitude 28260588222 N longitude 89260233222 W thence to westernmost point near Pass du Bois thence to coordinate latitude 29260052222 N longitude 89260243222W thence a curved line following the general trend of the highwater shoreline to Point Au Fer Island except as otherwise described in thissectionbA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Empire Waterway Bayou Fontanelle entrance jettiescAn eastwest line drawn from the westernmost extremityof Grand Terre Islands in the direction of 194260 true to the Grand Isle Fishing Jetty LightdA line drawn between the seaward extremity of the Belle Pass JettieseA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of the Timbalier Island to the easternmost extremity of Isles DernieresfA northsouth line drawn from Caillou Bay Light 13 across Caillou BocagA line drawn 107260 true from Caillou Bay Boat Landing Light across the entrances to Grand Bayou du Large and Bayou Grand CaillouhA line drawn on an axis of 103260 true through Taylors Bayou Entrance Light 2 across the entrances to Jack Stout Bayou Taylors Bayou Pelican Pass and Bayou de West247 80835 Point Au Fer LA to Calcasieu Pass LAaA line drawn from Point Au Fer to Atchafalaya Channel Light 34 thence to Atchafalaya Channel Light 33 thence to Atchafalaya Bay Pipeline Light D latitude 29260250222 N longitude 91260317222 W thence to Atchafalaya Bay Light 1 latitude 29260253222 N longitude 91260358222 W thence to South PointbLines following the general trend of the highwater shoreline drawn across the bayou and canal inlets from the Gulf of Mexico between South Point and Calcasieu Pass except as otherwise described in this sectioncA line drawn on an axis of 140260 true through Southwest Pass Vermillion Bay Light 4 across Southwest PassdA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Freshwater Bayou Canal Entrance JettieseA line drawn from Mermentau Channel East Jetty Light 6 to Mermentau Channel West Jetty Light 7fA line drawn from the radio tower charted in approximate position latitude 29260457222 N longitude 93260063222 W 115260 true across Mermentau PassgA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Calcasieu Pass Jetties247 80840 Sabine Pass TX to Galveston TXaA line drawn from the Sabine Pass East Jetty Light to the seaward end of the Sabine Pass West JettybA line drawn across the small boat passes through the Sabine Pass East and West JettiescA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over Rollover Pass at Gilchrist247 80845 Galveston TX to Freeport TXaA line drawn from Galveston North Jetty Light 6A to Galveston South Jetty Light 5AbA line formed by the centerline of the highway bridge over San Luis Pass cLines formed by the centerlines of the highway bridges over the inlets to Christmas Bay Cedar Cut and Drum BaydA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Freeport North Jetty to Freeport Entrance Light 6 thence to Freeport Entrance Light 7 thence to the seaward extremity of Freeport South Jetty247 80850 Brazos River TX to the Rio Grande TXaExcept as otherwise described in this section lines drawn continuing the general trend of the seaward highwater shorelines across the inlets to Brazos River Diversion Channel San Bernard River Cedar Lakes Brown Cedar Cut Colorado River Matagorda Bay Cedar Bayou Corpus Christi Bay and Laguna MadrebA line drawn across the seaward extremity of Matagorda Ship Channel North JettiescA line drawn from the seaward tangent of Matagorda Peninsula at Decros Point to Matagorda LightdA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Aransas Pass JettieseA line drawnacross the seaward extremity of the Port Mansfield Entrance JettiesfA line drawn across the seaward extremity of the Brazos Santiago Pass JettiesPACIFIC COASTELEVENTH DISTRICT247 801102 Santa Catalina Island CAThe 72 COLREGS shall apply to the harbors on Santa Catalina Island247 801104 San Diego Harbor CAA line drawn from Zuniga Jetty Light 223V224 to Zuniga Jetty Light 223Z224 thence to Point Loma Light247 801106 Mission Bay CAA line drawn from Mission Bay South Jetty Light 2 to Mission Bay North Jetty Light 1247 801108 Oceanside Harbor CAA line drawn from Oceanside South Jetty Light 4 to Oceanside Breakwater Light 3247 801110 Dana Point Harbor CAA line drawn from Dana Point Jetty Light 4 to Dana Point Breakwater Light 3247 801112Newport Bay CAA line drawn from Newport Bay East Jetty Light 4 to Newport Bay West Jetty Light 3247 801114 San Pedro BayAnaheim Bay CAaA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Anaheim Bay Entrance East Jetties thence to Long Beach Breakwater East End Light 1bA line drawn from Long Beach Channel Entrance Light 2 to Long Beach LightcA line drawn from Los Angeles Main Entrance Channel Light 2 to Los Angeles Light247 801116 Redondo Harbor CAA line drawn from Redondo Beach East Jetty Light 2 to Redondo Beach West Jetty Light 3247 801118 Marina Del Rey CAaA line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater South Light 1 to Marina Del Rey Light 4 bA line drawn from Marina Del Rey Breakwater North Light 2 to Marina Del Rey Light 3 cA line drawn from Marina Del Rey Light 4 to the seaward extremity of the Ballona Creek South Jetty247 801120 Port Hueneme CAA line drawn from Port Hueneme East Jetty Light 4 to Port Hueneme West Jetty Light 3247 801122 Channel Islands Harbor CAaA line drawn from Channel Islands Harbor South Jetty Light 2 to Channel Islands Harbor Breakwater South Light 1 bA line drawn from Channel Islands Harbor Breakwater North Light to Channel Islands Harbor North Jetty Light 5247 801124 Ventura Marina CAA line drawn from Ventura Marina South Jetty Light 6 to Ventura Marina Breakwater South Light 3 thence to Ventura Marina North Jetty Light 7247 801126 Santa Barbara Harbor CAA line drawn from Santa Barbara Harbor Light 4 to Santa Barbara Harbor Breakwater Light247 801130 San Luis Obispo Bay CAA line drawn from the southernmost extremity of Fossil Point to the seaward extremity of Whaler Island Breakwater247 801132 EsteroMorro Bay CAA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Morro Bay East Breakwater to the Morro Bay West Breakwater Light247 801134 Monterey Harbor CAA line drawn from Monterey Harbor Light 6 to the northern extremity of Monterey Municipal Wharf 2247 801136 Moss Landing Harbor CAA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the pier located 03 mile south of Moss Landing Harbor Entrance to the seaward extremity of the Moss Landing Harbor North Breakwater247 801138 Santa Cruz Harbor CAA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Santa Cruz Harbor East Breakwater to Santa Cruz Harbor West Breakwater Light thence to Santa Cruz Light247 801140 Pillar Point Harbor CAA line drawn from Pillar Point Harbor Light 6 to Pillar Point Harbor Entrance Light247 801142 San Francisco Harbor CAA straight line drawn from Point Bonita Light through Mile Rocks Light to the shore247 801144 Bodega and Tomales Bay CAaAn eastwest line drawn from Sand Point to Avalis Beach bA line drawn from the seaward extremity of Bodega Harbor North Breakwater to Bodega Harbor Entrance Light 1247 801146 Albion River CAA line drawn on an axis of 030260 true through Albion River Light 1 across Albion Cove247 801148 Noyo River CA A line drawn from Noyo River Entrance Daybeacon 4 to Noyo River Entrance Light 5247 801150 ArcataHumboldt Bay CAA line drawn from Humboldt Bay Entrance Light 4 to Humboldt Bay Entrance Light 3247 801152 Crescent City Harbor CAA line drawn from Crescent City Entrance Light to the extremity of Whaler DISTRICT247 801305 Chetco River ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Chetco River Entrance Jetties247 801310 Rogue River ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Rogue River Entrance Jetties247 801315 Coquille River ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Coquille River Entrance Jetties247 801320 Coos Bay ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Coos Bay Entrance Jetties247 801325 Umpqua River ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Umpqua Entrance Jetties247 801330 Siuslaw River ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of the Siuslaw River Entrance Jetties247 801335 Alsea Bay ORA line drawn from the seaward shoreline on the north of the Alsea Bay Entrance 165260 true across the channel entrance247 801340 Yaquina Bay ORA line drawn across the seaward extremities of Yaquina Bay Entrance Jetties247 801345 Depoe Bay ORA line drawn across the Depoe Bay Channel entrance parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline247 801350 Netarts Bay ORA line drawn from the northernmost extremity of the shore on the south side of Netarts Bay north to the opposite shoreline247 801355 Tillamook Bay ORA line drawn across the seaward extremitiesof the Tillamook Bay Entrance Jetties247 801360 Nehalem River ORA line drawn approximately parallel with the general trend of the highwater shoreline across the Nehalem River Entrance247 801365 Columbia River Entrance ORWAA line drawn from theseaward extremity of the Columbia River North Jetty above water 155260 true to the seaward extremity of the Columbia River South Jetty above water247 801370 Willapa Bay WAA line drawn from Willapa Bay Light 1698260 true to the westernmost tripod charted 16 miles south of Leadbetter Point247 801375 Grays Harbor WAA line drawn across the seaward extremities above water of the Grays Harbor Entrance Jetties247 801380 Quillayute River WAA line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Quillayute River Entrance East Jetty to the overhead power cable tower charted on James Island thence a straight line through Quillayute River Entrance Light 3 to the shoreline247 801385 Strait of Juan de FucaThe 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of the Strait of Juan de Fuca247 801390 Haro Strait and Strait of GeorgiaThe 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of the Haro Strait and the Strait of Georgia247 801395 Puget Sound and Adjacent WatersThe 72 COLREGS shall apply on all waters of Puget Sound and adjacent waters including Lake Union Lake Washington Hood Canal and all DISTRICT247 801410 Hawaiian Island Exemption from General RuleExcept as provided elsewhere in this part for Mamala Bay and Kaneohe Bay on Oahu Port Allen and Nawiliwili Bay on Kauai Kahului Harbor on Maui and Kawailae and Hilo Harbors on Hawaii the 72 COLREGS shall apply on all other bays harbors and lagoons of the Hawaiian Island including Midway247 801420 Mamala Bay OahuA line drawn from N 15826006222222 W Barbers Point Light N Diamond Head Light 247 801430 Kaneohe Bay Oahu A line drawn from N W Pyramid Rock Light across Kaneohe Bay through the center of Mokolii Island to the shoreline247 801440 Port Allen Kauai A line drawn from N W Puolo Point Light to Hanapepe Breakwater Light 2247 801450 Nawiliwili Harbor Kauai A line drawn from the seaward extremity of Nawiliwili Harbor breakwater to N W Kukii Point Light 247 801460 Kahului Harbor Maui A line drawn from N W Kahului Entrance Breakwater Light 4 to N W Kahului Entrance Breakwater Light 4247 801470 Kawaihae Harbor Hawaii A line drawn from N W Kawaihae Light to the seaward extremity of the Kawaihae South Breakwater247 801480 Hilo Harbor Hawaii A line drawn from the seaward extremity of the Hilo Breakwater 265260 true as an extension of the seaward side of the breakwater to the shoreline 02 nautical mile north of Alealea Point247 801490 Apra Harbor US Territory of GuamA line drawn from the westernmost extremity of Orote Island to the westernmost extremity of Glass Breakwater247 801495 US Pacific Island PossessionsThe 72 COLREGS shall apply on the bays harbors lagoons andwaters surrounding the US Pacific Island Possessions of American Samoa Baker Howland Jarvis Johnson Palmyra Swains and Wake DISTRICT247 801705 AlaskaThe 72 COLREGS shall apply on all the sounds bays harbors and inlets of USC for negligent operationsand interfering with safe relatedto marine casualty assistancePost serious marine casualty to provide assistance at reporting of liability for CG VTS pilots2301 as provided in sections 2304 and 2306 of this title this chapter applies to a vessel operated on waters subject to the jurisdiction of the United States including the territorial sea of the United States as described in Presidential Proclamation No 5928 of December 27 1988 and for a vessel owned in the United States on the high seas247 2302 Penalties for negligent operationsand interfering with person operating a vessel in a negligent manner or interfering with the safe operation of a vessel so as to endangerthe life limb or property of a person is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than 5000 in the case of a recreational vessel or 25000 in the case of any other vesselbA person operating a vessel in a grossly negligent manner that endangers the life limb or property of a person commits a class A misdemeanorcAn individual who is under the influence of alcohol or a dangerous drug in violation of a law of the United States when operating a vessel as determined under standards prescribed by the Secretary by regulation1is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than 000 or2commits a class A a penalty imposed under this section the vessel also is liable in rem unless the vessel is1owned by a State or a political subdivision of a State2operated principally for governmental purposes and 3 identified clearly as a vessel of that State or subdivisione1 A vessel may not transport cargoes if Ahe vessel has been detained and determined to be substandard by the Secretary for violation of an international safety convention to which the United States is a party and the Secretary has published notice of the detention and determination in an electronic form including the name of the owner of the vessel orBhe operator of the vessel has on more than one occasion had a vessel detained and determined to be substandard by the Secretary for violation of an international safety convention to which the United States is a party and the Secretary has published notice of the detention and determination in an electronic form including the name of the owner of the vessel2The prohibition in paragraph 1 expires for a vessel on the earlier of A1 year after the date of the publication in electronic form on which the prohibition is based orBny date on which the owner or operator of the vessel prevails in an appeal of the violation of the relevant international convention on which the detention is based3As used in this subsection the term cargo224means cargo for which a Federal agency contracts directly for shipping by water or for which or the freight of which a Federal agency provides the financing including financing by grant loan or loan guarantee resulting in shipment of the cargo by water 247 2303 Duties related to marine casualty assistance master or individual in charge of a vessel involved in a marine casualty shall1render necessary assistance to each individual affected to save that affected individual from danger caused by the marine casualty so far as the master or individual in charge can do so without serious danger to the master222s or individual222s vessel or to individuals on board and 2give the master222s or individual222s name and address and identification ofthe vessel to the master or individual in charge of any other vessel involved in the casualty to any individual injured and to the owner of any property damagedbAn individual violating this section or a regulation prescribed under this section shall befined not more than 1000 or imprisoned for not more than 2 years The vessel also is liable in rem to the United States Government for the finecAn individual complying with subsection a of this section or gratuitously and in good faith rendering assistance at the scene of a marine casualty without objection by an individual assisted is not liable for damages as a result of rendering assistance or for an act or omission in providing or arranging salvage towage medical treatment or other assistance when the individual acts as an ordinary reasonable and prudent individual would have acted under the 2303a Post serious marine casualty alcohol testingaThe Secretary shall establish procedures to ensure that after a serious marine casualty occurs alcohol testing of crew members or other persons responsible for the operation of other functions of the vessel or vessels involved in such casualty is conducted no later than 2 hours after the casualty occurs unless such testing cannot be completed within that time due to safety concerns directly related to the casualtybThe procedures in subsection a shall require that if alcohol testing cannot be completed within 2 hours of the occurrence of the casualty such testing shall be conducted as soon thereafter as the safety concerns in subsection a have been adequately addressed to permit such testing except that such testing may not be required more than 8 hours after the casualty occurs2304 Duty to provide assistance at seaa1A master or individual in charge of a vessel shall render assistance to any individual found at sea in danger of being lost so far as the master or individual in charge can do so without serious danger to the master222s or individual222s vessel or individuals on 1 does not apply to a vessel of war or a vessel owned by the United States Government appropriated only to a public servicebA master or individual violating this section shall be fined not more than 1000 imprisoned for not more than 2 years or both247 2305 district courts of the United States have jurisdiction to enjoin the negligent operation of vessels prohibited by this chapter on the petition of the Attorney General for the United States practicable the Secretary shall1give notice to any person against whom an action for injunctive relief is considered under this section an opportunity to present that person222s views and 2except for a knowing and willful violation give the person a reasonable opportunity to achieve compliancecThe failure to give notice and opportunity to present views under subsection b of this section does not preclude the court from granting appropriate relief247 2306 Vessel reporting requirementsa1 An owner charterer managing operator or agent of a vessel of the United States having reason to believe because of lack of communication with or nonappearance of a vessel or anyother incident that the vessel may have been lost or imperiled immediately shallAnotify the Coast Guard andBuse all available means to determine the status of the vessel2When more than 48 hours have passed since the owner charterer managing operator or agent of a vessel required to report to the United States Flag Merchant Vessel Location FilingSystem under authority of section 50113 of this title has received a communication from the vessel the owner charterer managing operator or agent immediately shallAnotify the Coast Guard andBuse all available means to determine the status of the vessel3A person notifying the Coast Guard under paragraph 1 or 2 of this subsection shall provide the name and identification number of the vesselthe names of individuals on board and other information that may be requested by the Coast Guard The owner charterer managing operator or agent also shall submit written confirmation to the Coast Guard 24 hours after nonwritten notification to the Coast Guard under those paragraphs4An owner charterer managing operator or agent violating this subsection is liable to the United States Government for a civil penalty of not more than 5000 for each day during which the violation occursb1 The master of a vessel of the United States required to report to the System shall report to the owner charterer managing operator or agent at least once every 48 hours2A master violating this subsection is liable to the Government for a civil penalty of not more than 1000 for each day during which the violation occurscThe Secretary may prescribe regulations to carry out this section247 2307 Limitation of liability for Coast Guard Vessel Traffic Service pilotsaOAST UARD ESSEL RAFFIC ERVICE ILOTSAny pilot acting in the course and scope of his or her duties while at a United States Coast uard Vessel Traffic Service who provides information advice or communication assistance while under the supervision of a Coast Guard officer member or employee shall not be liable for damages caused by or related to such assistance unless the acts or omissions of such pilot constitute gross negligence or willful ESSEL RAFFIC ERVICE PERATORS An entity operating a nonFederal vessel traffic information service or advisory service pursuant to a duly executed written agreement with the Coast Guard and any pilot acting on behalf of such entity is not liable for damages caused by or related to information advice or communication assistance provided by such entity or pilot while so operating or acting unless the acts or omissions of such entity or pilot constitute gross negligence or willful REGULATIONS33 CFR 26Sec 2601 Purpose 2602 Radiotelephone required 2604 Use of the designated frequency2605 Use of Maintenance of radiotelephone failure of Exemption procedures2609 List of exemptions247 2601 PurposeaThe purpose of this part is to implement the provisions of the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act This part1Requires the use of the vessel bridgetobridge the Coast Guard222s interpretation of the meaning of important terms in the Act3Prescribes the procedures for applying for an exemption from the Act and the regulations issued under the Act and a listing of in this part relieves any person from the obligation of complying with the rules of the road and the applicable pilot rules247 2602 DefinitionsFor the purpose of this part and interpreting the ActActmeans the 223Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act224 33 USC sections 12011208is measured from end to end over the deck excluding any vessel propelled by the Secretary of the Department in which the Coast Guard is sea means all waters as defined in 247222a1of this chapterTowing vesselmeans any commercial vessel engaged in towing another vessel astern alongside or by pushing aheadmeans a service implemented under Part 161 of this chapter by the United States Coast Guard designed to improve the safety and efficiency of vessel traffic and to protect the environment The VTS has the capability to interact with marine traffic and respond to traffic situations developing in the VTS areaNavigable waters of the United States include the 1 Territorial seas of the United States 2 Internal waters of the United States that are subject to tidal influence and 3 Internal waters of the United States not subject to tidal influence that205 may be used for interstate or foreign commerce205ee 33 CFR 2means the geographical area encompassing a specific VTS area of service as described in Part 161 of this chapter This area of service may be subdivided into zones for the purpose of allocating responsibility to individual Vessel Traffic Centers or to identify different operating Although regulatory jurisdiction is limited to the navigable waters of the United States certain vessels will be encouraged or may be required as a condition of port entry to report beyond this area to facilitate traffic management within the VTS areaRule 1 International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea 1972 as rectified EO 11964 14 USC 2 49 CFR 146b247 2603 Radiotelephone an exemption is granted under 2472609 and except as provided in paragraph a4 of this section this part applies to1Every powerdriven vessel of 20 meters or over in length while vessel of 100 gross tons and upward carrying one or more passengers for hire while towing vessel of 26 feet or over in length while navigating and4Every dredge and floating plant engaged in or near a channel or fairway in operations likely to restrict or affect navigation of other vessels except for an unmanned or floating plant under the control of a dredgebEvery vessel dredge or floating plant described in paragraph a of this section must have a radiotelephone on board capable of operation from its navigational bridge or in the case of a dredge fromits main control station and capable of transmitting and receiving on the frequency or frequencies within the 162 MegaHertz band using the classes of emissions designated by the Federal Communications Commission for the exchange of navigational radiotelephone required by paragraph b of this section must be carried on board the described vessels dredges and floating plants upon the navigable waters of the United StatesdThe radiotelephone required by paragraph b of this sectionmust be capable of transmitting and receiving on VHF FM channel 22A 1571 MHzeWhile transiting any of the following waters each vessel described in paragraph a of this section also must have on board a radiotelephone capable of transmitting and receiving on VHF FM channel 67 156375 MHz1The lower Mississippi River from the territorial sea boundary and within either the Southwest Pass safety fairway or the South Pass safety fairway specified in 33 CFR 166200 to mile 2424 AHP Above Head of Passesnear Baton RougeVESSEL Mississippi RiverGulf Outlet from the territorial sea boundary and within the Mississippi RiverGulf Outlet Safety Fairway specified in 33 CFR 166200 to that channel222s junction with the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal and3The full length of the Inner Harbor Navigation Canal from its junction with the Mississippi River to that canal222s entry to Lake Pontchartrain at the New Seabrook vehicular bridgefIn addition to the radiotelephone required by paragraph b of this section each vessel described in paragraph a of this section while transiting any waters within a Vessel Traffic Service Area must have on board a radiotelephone capable of transmitting and receiving on the VTS designated frequency inTable 16112c VTS and VMRS Center Call SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Monitoring AreasOTE A single VHF FM radio capable of scanning or sequential monitoring often referred to as 223dual watch224 capability will not meet the requirements for two radios247 2604 Use of the designated frequencyaNo person may use the frequency designated by the Federal Communications Commission under section 8 of the Act 33 USC 1207a to transmit any information other than information necessary for the safe navigation of vessels or necessary testsbEach person who is required to maintain a listening watch under section 5 of the Act shall when necessary transmit and confirm on the designated frequency the intentions of his vessel and any other information necessary for the safe navigation of in these regulations may be construed as prohibiting the use of the designated frequency to communicate with shore stations to obtain or furnish information necessary for the safe navigation of vesselsdOn the navigable waters of the United States channel 13 15665 MHz is the designated frequency required to be monitored in accordance with 2472605a except that in the area prescribed in 2472603e channel 67 156375MHz is an additional frequencyeOn those navigable waters of the United States within a VTS area the designated VTS frequency is the designated frequency required to be monitoredin accordance with 2472605Per47 CFR 80148b a VHF watch on Channel 16 156800 MHz is not required on vessels subject to the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act and participating in a Vessel Traffic Service VTS system when the watch is maintained on both the vessel bridgetobridge frequency and a designated VTS frequency247 2605 Use of 5 of the Act states that the radiotelephone required by thisAct is for the exclusive use of the master or person in charge of the vessel or the person designated by the master or person in chargeto pilot or direct the movement of the vessel who shall maintain a listening watch on the designated frequency Nothing herein shall be interpreted as precluding the use of portable radiotelephone equipment to satisfy the requirements of this Act247 2606 Maintenance of radiotelephone failure of 6 of the Act statesahenever radiotelephone capability is required by this Act a vessel222s radiotelephone equipment shall be maintained in effective operating condition If the radiotelephone equipment carried aboard a vessel ceases to operate the master shall exercise due diligence to restore it or cause it to be restored to effective operating condition at the earliest practicable time The failure of a vessel222s radiotelephone equipment shall not in itself constitute a violation of this Act nor shall it obligate the master of any vessel to moor or anchor his vessel however the loss of radiotelephone capability shall be given consideration in the navigation of the vessel247 2607 person may use the services of and no person may serve as a person required to maintain a listening watch under section 5 of the Act 33 USC 1204 unless the person can communicate in the English language247 2608 Exemption proceduresaThe Commandant has redelegated to the Assistant Commandant for Prevention PolicyUS Coast Guard Headquarters with the reservation that this authority shall not be further redelegated the authority to grant exemptions from provisions of the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act and this partbAny personmay petition for an exemption from any provision of the Act or this partcEach petition must be submitted in writing to Commandant CGDCOD Attn Deputy for Operations Policy and Capabilities US Coast Guard Stop 7318 2703 Martin Luther King Jr Avenue SE Washington DC 20593 and must state1The provisions of the Act or this part from which an exemption is requested and 2The reasons why marine navigation will not be adversely affected if the exemption is granted and if the exemption relatesto a local communication system how that system would fully comply with the intent of the concept of the Act but would not conform in detail if the exemption is grantedVESSEL 2609 List of navigating on those waters governed by the navigation rules for the Great Lakes and their connecting and tributary waters 33 USC 241 et seq are exempt from the requirements of the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act and this part until May 6 1975bEach vessel navigating on the Great Lakes as defined in the Inland Navigation Rules Act of 1980 33 USC 2001 et seq and to which the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act 33 USC1208 applies is exempt from the requirements in 33 USC 1203 1204 and 1205 and the regulations under 2472472603 2604 2605 2606 and 2607 Each of these vessels and each person to whom 33 USC 1208a applies must comply with Articles VIIX Xl XIIXIIIXV and XVI and Technical Regulations 19 of 223The Agreement Between the United States of America and Canada for Promotion of Safety on the Great Lakes by Means of Radio 1973224VESSEL TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT33 CFR 161Sec Subpart A Vessel Traffic ServicesENERAL ULES1611 Purpose and Intent1612 Requirement to carry the rules1615 Deviations from the rules1616 PERATING Services16111 VTS measures16112 Vessel operating VTS Special Area operating B Vessel Movement Reporting System16115 Purpose and intent16116 Reporting Sailing Plan SP16120 Position Report PR16121 Automated reporting16122 Final Report FR16123 Reporting C Vessel Traffic Service and Vessel Movement Reporting System Areas and eporting Points16125 Vessel Traffic Service New York Area16130 Vessel Traffic Service Vessel Traffic Service Vessel Traffic Service Berwick Bay16145 Vessel Traffic Service St Marys River16150 Vessel Traffic Service San Francisco16155 Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound and the Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service for the Juan de Fuca Region16160 Vessel Traffic Service Prince William Sound16165 Vessel Traffic Service Lower Mississippi River16170 Vessel Traffic Service Port ArthurSubpart A Vessel Traffic ServicesENERAL ULES1611 Purpose and Intenta The purpose of this part is to promulgate regulations implementing and enforcing certain sections of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act PWSA setting up a national system of Vessel Traffic Services that will enhance navigation vessel safety and marine environmental protection and promote safe vessel movement by reducing the potential for collisions rammings and groundings and the loss of lives and property associated with these incidents within VTS areas established hereunder bVessel provide the mariner with information related to the safe navigation of a waterway This information coupled with the mariners compliance with the provisions set forth in this part enhances the safe routing of vessels through congested waterways or waterways of particular hazard Under certain circumstances a VTS may issue directions to control the movement of vessels in order to minimize the risk of collision between vessels or damage to property or the environment c The owner operator charterer master or person directing the movement of a vessel remains at all times responsible for the manner in which the vessel is operated and maneuvered and is responsible for the safe navigation of the vessel under all circumstances Compliance with these rules or with a direction of the VTS is at all times contingent upon the exigencies of safe navigation d Nothing in this part is intended to relieve any vessel owner operator charterer master or person directing the movement of a vessel from the consequences of any neglect to comply with this part or any other applicable law or regulation eg the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea 1972 72 COLREGS or the Inland Navigation Rules or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen or by the special circumstances of the case 1612 DefinitionsFor the purposes of this part Centermeans a Vessel Traffic Center or Vessel Movement CenterServices CVTSmeans the system of vessel traffic management established and jointly operated by the United States and Canada within adjoining waters In addition CVTS facilitates traffic movement and anchorages avoids jurisdictional disputes and renders assistance in emergencies in adjoining United States and Canadian waters means any condition related to a vessels ability to safely navigate or maneuver and includes but is not limited to 1 The absence or malfunction of vessel operating equipment such as propulsion machinery steering gear radar system gyrocompass depth sounding device automatic radar plotting aid ARPA radiotelephone Automatic Identification System equipment navigational lighting sound signaling devices or similar equipment 2 Any condition on board the vessel likely to impair navigation such as lack of current nautical charts and publications personnel shortage or similar condition 3 Vessel that affect or restrict such as cargo or tow arrangement trim loaded condition underkeel or overhead clearance speed capabilities power availability or similar which may affect the positive control or safe handling of the vessel orthe towmeans all navigable waters of the United States including the territorial sea of the United States extending to 12 nautical miles from United States baselines as described in Presidential Proclamation No 5928 of December 27 1Precautionary Areameans a routing measure comprising an area within defined limits where vessels must navigate with particular caution and within which the direction of traffic may be recommended means available in a and publicly available medium eg VTS Users Manual ferry schedule Notice to MarinersTowing Vesselmeans any commercial vessel engaged in towing another vessel astern alongside or by pushing ahead VesselMovement Center VMCmeans the shorebased facility that operates the vessel tracking system for a Vessel Movement Reporting System VMRS area or zonewithin such an area The VMC does not necessarily have the capability or qualified personnel to interact with marine traffic nor does it necessarily respond to traffic situations developing in the area as does a Vessel Traffic Service VTSVessel Movement Reporting System VMRSmeans a mandatory reporting system used to monitor and track vessel movements This is accomplished by a vessel providing information under established procedures as set forth in this part in the areas defined in Table 16112c VTS and VMRS Centers Call SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Monitoring AreasVessel Movement Reporting System VMRS Usermeans a vessel or an owner operator charterer Master or person directing the movement of a vessel that is required to participate in a VMRSmeans the shorebased facility that operates the vessel traffic service for the Vessel Traffic Service area or zonewithin such an area means a service implemented by the United States Coast Guard designed to improve the safety and efficiency of vessel traffic and to protectthe environment The VTS has the capability to interact with marine traffic and respond to traffic situations developing in the VTS area or VTS Areameans the geographical area encompassing a specific VTS area of service This area of service may be subdivided into zones for the purpose of allocating responsibility to individual Vessel Traffic Centers or to identify different operating requirements OTEAlthough regulatory jurisdiction is limited to the navigable waters of the United States certain vessels will be encouraged or may be required as a condition of port entry to report beyond this area to facilitate traffic management within the VTS areaVTS Special Areameans a waterway within a VTS area in which special operating requirements apply VTS Usermeans a vessel or an owner operator charterer master or person directing the movement of a vessel that is 1 Subject to the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act 2 Required to participate in a VMRS or3 Equipped with a required Coast Guard typeapproved Automatic Identification System AISVTS Users Manualmeans the manual established and distributed by the VTS to provide the mariner with a description of the services offered and rules in force for that VTS Additionally the manual may include chartlets showing the area and zoneboundaries general navigational information about the area and procedures radio frequencies reporting provisions and other information which may assist the mariner while in the VTS Area1613 provisions of this subpart shall apply to each VTS User and may also apply to any vessel while underway or at anchor on the navigable waters of the United States within a VTS area to the extent the VTS considers necessary 1614 Requirement to carry the rulesEach VTS User shall carry on board and maintain for ready reference a copy of these rules OTE TO 1614These rules are contained in the applicable US Coast Pilot the VTS Users Manual which may be obtained by contacting the appropriate VTS or downloaded from the Coast Guard Navigation Center Deviations from the rulesa Requests to deviate from any provision in this part either for an extended period of time or if anticipated before the start of a transit must be submitted in writing to the appropriate District Commander Upon receipt of the written request the District Commander may authorize a deviation if it is determined that such a deviation provides a level of safety equivalent to that provided by the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the circumstances An application for an authorized deviation must state the need and fully describe the proposed alternative to the required measure b Requests to deviate from any provision in this part due to circumstances that develop during a transit or immediately preceding a transit may be made verbally to the appropriate VTC Requests to deviate shall be made as far in advance as practicable Upon receipt of the request the VTCmay authorize a deviation if it is determined that based on vessel handling traffic density radar contacts environmental conditions and other relevant information such a deviation provides a level of safety equivalent to that providedby the required measure or is a maneuver considered necessary for safe navigation under the circumstances 1616 PreemptionThe regulations in this part have preemptive impact over State laws or regulations on the same subject matter The Coast Guard has determined after considering the factors developed by the Supreme Court in USv Locke529 US 89 2000 that by enacting Chapter 25 of the Ports and Waterways Safety Act 33 USC 1221 et seq Congress intended that Coast Guard regulations preempt State laws or regulations regarding vessel traffic services in United States ports and PERATING ServicesTo enhance navigation and vessel safety and to protect the marine environment aVTS may issue advisories or respond to vessel requests for information on reported conditions within the VTS area such as a Hazardous conditions or circumstances b Vessel congestion c Traffic density d Environmental conditions e Aids to navigation status f Anticipated vessel encounters g Another vessels name type position hazardous vessel operating conditions if applicable and intended navigation movements as reported h Temporary measures in effect i A description of local harbor operations and conditions such as ferry routes dredging and so forth j Anchorage availability or k Other information or special VTS measuresa A VTS may issue measures or directions to and vessel safety and to protect the marine environment such as but not limited to 1 Designating temporary reporting points and procedures 2 Imposing vessel operating requirements or 3 Establishing vessel traffic routing schemes b During conditions of vessel congestion restricted visibility adverse weather or other hazardous circumstances a VTS may control supervise or otherwise manage traffic by specifying times of entry movement or departure to from or within a VTSarea 16112 Vessel operating requirementsa Subject to the exigencies of safe navigation a VTS User shall comply with all measures established or directions issued by a VTS b If in a specific circumstance a VTS User is unable to safely comply with a measure or direction issued by the VTS the VTS User may deviate only to the extent necessary to avoid endangering persons property or the environment The deviation shall be reported to the VTS as soon as is practicable c When not communications a VTS User must maintain a listening watch as required by 2472604e of this chapter on the VTS frequency designated in Table 16112c VTS and VMRS Centers Call SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Monitoring Areas In addition the VTS User must respond promptly when hailed and communicate in the English languageOTE TO 16112As stated in 47 CFR 80148b a very high frequency watch on Channel 16 156800 MHz is not required on vessels subject to the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act and participating in a Vessel Traffic Service VTS system when the watch is maintained on both the vessel bridgetobridge frequency and a designated VTS frequencyd As soon as is practicable a VTS User shall notify the VTS of any of the following 1 A marine casualty as defined in 46 CFR 4051 2 Involvement in the ramming of a fixed or floating object 3 A pollution incident as defined in 24715115 of this chapter 4 A defect or discrepancy in an aid to navigation 5 A hazardous condition as defined in 247160204 of this chapter6 Improper operation of vessel equipment required by part 164 of this chapter 7 A situation involving hazardous materials for which a report is required by 49 CFR 17648 and 8 A hazardous vessel operating condition as defined in 2471612 16113 VTS Special Area operating following operating requirements apply within a VTS Special Area a A VTS User shall if towing astern do so with as short a hawser as safety and good seamanship permits b A VMRS User shall 1 Not enter orget underway in the area without prior approval of the VTS 2 Not enter a VTS Special Area if a hazardous vessel operating condition or circumstance exists 3 Not meet cross or overtake any other VMRS User in the area without prior approval of theVTS and 4 Before meeting crossing or overtaking any other VMRS User in the area communicate on the designated vessel bridgetobridge radiotelephone frequency intended navigation movements and any other information necessary in order to make safepassing arrangements This requirement does not relieve a vessel of any duty prescribed by the International Regulations for Prevention of Collisions at Sea 1972 72 COLREGS or the Inland Navigation Rules Subpart Vessel Movement Reporting System16115 Purpose and intenta A Vessel Movement Reporting System VMRS is a system used to monitor and track vessel movements within a VTS or VMRS area This is accomplished by requiring that vessels provide information under established procedures as set forth in this part or as directed by the Center b To avoid imposing an undue reporting burden or unduly congesting radiotelephone frequencies reports shall be limited to information which is essential to achievethe objectives of the VMRS These reports are consolidated into three reports sailing plan position and final 16116 otherwise stated the provisions of this subpart apply to the following vessels and VMRS Usersa Every powerdriven vessel of 40 meters approximately 131 feet or more in length while navigating b Every towing vessel of 8 meters approximately 26 feet or more in length while navigating or c Every vessel certificated to carry 50 or more passengers for hire when engaged in trade 16117 Reserved16118 Reporting requirementsa A Center may 1 Direct a vessel to provide any of the information set forth in Table 16118a IMO Standard Ship Reporting System2 Establish other means of reporting for those vessels unable to report on the designated frequency or 3 Require reports from a vessel in sufficient time to allow advance vessel traffic planning b All reports required by this part shall be made as soon as is practicable on the frequency designated in Table 16112c VTS and VMRS Centers Call SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Monitoring Areas c When not exchanging communications a VMRS User must maintain a listening watch as described in 247 2604e of this chapter on the frequency designated in Table 16112c VTS and VMRS Centers Call SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Monitoring Areas In addition the VMRS User must respond promptly when hailed and communicate in the English language ABLE 16118HE IMOTANDARD HIP EPORTING call sign or ship station identity and flagBRAVODates and time of eventA 6 digit group giving day of month first two digits hours and minutes last four digits If other than UTC state time zone 4 digit group giving latitude in degrees and minutes suffixed with N north or S south and a 5 digit group giving longitude in degrees and minutes suffixed with E east or W west bearing first 3 digits and distance state distance in nautical miles from a clearly identified landmark state courseA 3 digit in knots and tenths of knotsA 3 digit groupGOLFPort of DepartureName of last port of callHOTELDate time and point of entry systemEntry time expressed as in Band into the entry position expressed as in C or and expected time of arrivalName of port and date time group expressed as in whether a deep sea or local pilot is on boardKILODate time and point of exit from systemExit time expressed as in B and exit position expressed as in C or DLIMARoute in full names of communications of next reportDate time group expressed as in BOSCARMaximum present static draught in meters4 digit group giving meters and on boardCargo and brief details of any dangerous cargoes as well as harmful substances and gases that could endanger persons or the damage deficiencies or detail of defects damage deficiencies or other of pollution or dangerous goods lostBrief details of type of pollution oil chemicals etc or dangerous goods lost overboard position expressed as in C or DSIERRAWeather details of weather and sea conditions representative andor ownerDetails of name and particulars of ships representative andor owner for provision of size and typeDetails of length breadth tonnage and type etc as physicians assistant nurse no number of persons on boardState other information as appropriate ie a detailed description of a planned operation which may include its duration effective area any restrictions to navigation notification procedures for approaching vessels in addition for a towing operation configuration length of the tow available horsepower etc for a dredge or floating plant configuration of pipeline mooring configuration number of assist vessels etcOTEAs stated in 47 CFR 80148b a VHF watch on Channel 16 156800 MHz is not required on vessels subject to the Vessel BridgetoBridge Radiotelephone Act and participating in a Vessel Traffic Service VTS system when the watch is maintained on both the vessel bridgetobridge frequency and a designated VTS frequencyd A vessel must report1 Any significant deviation from its Sailing Plan as defined in 24716119 or from previously reported information or2 Any intention to deviate from a VTS issued measure or vessel traffic routing systeme When reports required by this part include time information such information shall be given using the local time zone in effect and the 24hour military clock system 16119 Sailing Plan SPUnless otherwise stated at least 15 minutes before navigating a VTS area a vessel must report the a Vessel name and type b Position c Destination and ETA d Intended route e Time and point of entry and f Certain dangerous cargo on board or in its tow as defined in 247160204 of this Position Report PRA vessel must report its name and position a Upon point of entry into a VMRS area b At designated reporting points as set forth in subpart C or c When directed by the Center 16121 Automated reportinga Unless otherwise directed vessels equipped with an Automatic Identification System AIS are required to make continuous all stations AIS broadcasts in lieu of voice Position Reports to those Centers denoted in Table 16112c of this partb Should an AIS become nonoperational while or prior to navigating a VMRS area it should be restored to operating condition as soon as possible and until restored a vessel must1 Notify the Center2 Make voice radio Position Reports at designated reporting points as required by 24716120b of this part and3 Make any other reports as directed by the Center16122 Final Report FRA vessel must report its name and position a On arrival at its destination or b When leaving a VTS area16123 Reporting exemptionsa Unless otherwise directed the following vessels are exempted from providing Position and Final Reports due to the nature of their operation 1 Vessels on a published schedule and route 2 Vessels operating within an area of a radius of three nautical miles or less or 3 Vessels escorting another vessel or assisting another vessel in maneuvering procedures b A vessel described in paragraph a of this section must 1 Provide a Sailing Plan at least 5 minutes but not more than 15 minutes before navigating within the VMRS area and 2 If it departs from its promulgated schedule by more than 15 minutes or changes its limited operating area make the established VMRS reports or report as directed Subpart CVessel Traffic Service and Vessel Movement Reporting System Areas and Reporting PointsOTEAll geographic coordinates contained in part 161 latitude and longitude are expressed in North American Datum of 1983 NAD 8316125 Vessel Traffic Service New York AreaThe area consists of the navigable waters of the Lower New York Harbor boundedon the east by a line drawn from Norton Point to Breezy Point on the south by a line connecting the entrance buoys at the Ambrose Channel Swash Channel and Sandy Hook Channel to Sandy Hook Point and on the southeast including the waters of Sandy Hook Bay south to a line drawn at latitude 4026025N then west into waters of the Raritan Bay to the Raritan River Rail Road Bridge and then north including the waters of the Arthur Kill and Newark Bay to the Lehigh Valley Draw Bridge at latitude 40260419Nand then east including the waters of the Kill Van Kull and Upper New York Bay north to a line drawn eastwest from the Holland Tunnel Ventilator Shaft at latitude 40260437N longitude 74260016W in the Hudson River and then continuing east including the waters of the East River to the Throgs Neck Bridge excluding the Harlem mandatory participation in VTSNY is limited to the area within the navigable waters of the United States VTSNY will provide services beyond those waters Prospective users are encouraged to report beyond the area of required participation in order to facilitate advance vessel traffic management in the VTS area and to receive VTSNY advisories andor Vessel Traffic Service LouisvilleThe VTS area consists of the navigable waters of the Ohio River between McAlpine Locks Mile 6068 and Twelve Mile Island Mile 593 only when the McAlpine upper pool gauge is at 130 feet or above 16135 Vessel Traffic Service The VTS area consists of the following major waterways and portions of connecting waterways Galveston Bay Entrance Channel Outer Bar Channel Inner Bar Channel Bolivar Roads Channel Galveston Channel Gulf ICW and CutOff from Mile 346 to Mile 352 Texas City Channel Texas City Turning Basin Texas City Canal Channel Texas City Canal Turning Basin Houston Ship Channel Bayport Channel Bayport Turning Basin Houston Turning Basin and the following precautionary areas associated with these waterways b Precautionary areasABLE RECAUTIONARY area nameRadius ydsCenter Fish San Jacinto Each Precautionary Area encompasses a circular area of the radius denotedc Reporting pointsABLE EPORTING nameGeographic Bay Entrance Bay Entrance CH Lighted Buoy LB Bay Entrance Bay Entrance Channel LB 11 and 1229260206N Land CutMile 349 Intracoastal Waterway ICW29260225N 94260469Tows entering HSC also report at HSC LB 25 26Pelican CutMile 351 ICW29260214N 94260485Tows entering HSC also report at HSC LB 25 26Galveston Channel Lt 229260202N 94260466Coast Guard BaseTexas City ChannelTexas City Channel Lt 1229260224N Ship Channel ICW Ship Channel HSC LB 25 and 2629260222N 94260481Tow entering HSC from ICW or Texas Cut OnlyLower Galveston BayHSC Lt 31 and LB 3229260238N 94260489Red Fish BarHSC Lt 53 5429260303N Ship ChannelBayport Ship Channel Lt 8 and 929260368N Land CutUpper Galveston BayHSC Lt 69 and 7029260347N 94260558Tows onlyMorgans PointHSC Lt 9129260410N Lt 109A29260435N 95260048Shell OilBoggy Bayou29260441N 95260080Greens BayouHSC Lt 15229260448N BayouHunting Bayou Turning Basin29260444N Bayou Turning Basin29260432N 95260144610 Bridge610 BayouHouston Turning Basin29260450N 9526017416140 Vessel Traffic Service Berwick Baya The VTS area consists of the navigable waters of the following segments of waterways the Intracoastal Waterway ICW Morgan City to Port Allen Alternate Route from Mile Marker 0 to Mile Marker 5 the ICW from Mile Marker 93 west of Harvey Lock WHL to Mile Marker 102 WHL the Atchafalaya River Route from Mile Marker 113 to Mile Marker 122 from Bayou Shaffer Junction ICW Mile Marker 945 WHL south one statute mile along Bayou Shaffer and from Berwick Lock northwest one statute mile along the Lower Atchafalaya River b VTS Special AreaThe Berwick Bay VTS Special Area consists of those waters within a 1000 yard radius of the Burlington NorthernSanta Fe Railroad Bridge located at Mile 03 MCPA c Reporting PointsABLE nameGeographic PassStouts Point Light 2231224 Mile 113Atchafalaya LockMile 19 transitingthe LockConrads Point JunctionBuoy 2231224 Mile 15 Ships Flat Lake JunctionMile 3 NorthernSanta Fe Railroad BridgeMile 03 Point JunctionBayou R Mile 955 Power Cable Mile 965 Bayou JunctionLight 223A224 Mile 982W Shaffer Mile 945 Vessel Traffic Service St Marys Rivera The VTS area consists of the navigable waters of the St Marys River and lower Whitefish Bay from 4526057N De Tour Reef Light to the south to 46260387N Ile Parisienne Light to the north except the waters of the St Marys Falls Canal and to the east along a line from La Pointe to Sims Point within Potagannissing Bay and Worsley Bay b Reporting Points ABLE 16145VTSARYS IVER EPORTING nameGeographic ParisienneIle Parisienne Light46260373N OnlyGros Cap ReefGros Cap Reefs Light46260306N OnlyRound IslandRound Island Light 3246260269N 84260317Pointe LouisePointe Louise Light46260278N 84260282West End of LocksWest Center Pierhead Light46260302N OnlyEast End of LocksEast Center Pierhead Light46260301N OnlyMission PointLight 9946260292N 84260181Six Mile PointSix Mile Point46260261N PointLight 8046260235N 84260141West Neebish ChannelLight 2946260169N OnlyMunuscong Lake Junction Buoy46260108N 84260056De Tour ReefDe Tour Reef Light46260569N 8326053716150 Vessel Traffic Service San FranciscoThe VTS area consists of all the navigable waters of San Francisco Bay Region south of the Mare Island Causeway Bridge and the Petaluma River Entrance Channel Daybeacon 19 and Petaluma River Light 20 and north of the Dumbarton Bridge its seaward approaches within a 38 nautical mile radius of Mount Tamalpais 37558N 346W and its navigable tributaries as far east as the port of Stockton on the San Joaquin River as far north as the port of Sacramento on the Sacramento River16155 Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound and the Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service for the Juan de Fuca RegionThe Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound area consists of the US navigable waters of the Salish Sea from a line drawn from the Washington State coastline at 4826023133222 N 12426043616222 W on Cape Flattery to the Cape Flattery Light at 48260235222 N 124260442222 W on Tatoosh Island due west to the US Territorial Sea Boundary thence northward along the US Territorial Sea Boundary to its intersection with the USCanada International Boundary thence east along the USCanada International Boundary to 49260001222 N 122260453222 W International Boundary Range C Rear Lighta Vessel Traffic Service Puget Sound participates in a USCanadian Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service CVTS to jointly manage vessel traffic in the Juan de Fuca Region The CVTS for the Juan de Fuca Region consists of all navigable waters of the Salish Sea bounded on the northwest by 4826035749222 N and on the southwest by 48260235222 N and on the west by the rhumb line joining 4826035749222 N 124260475222 W with 48260235222 N 12426048616222 W and on the northeast by a line drawn along 49260 N from Vancouver Island to Semiahmoo Bay and on the southeast by a line drawn fromMcCurdy Point on the Quimper Peninsula to Point Partridge on Whidbey Island Canadian and United States Vessel Traffic Centers Prince Rupert BC B Canadaand Seattle WA manage traffic within the CVTS area irrespective of the International Boundaryb VTS Special Area The Eastern San Juan Island Archipelago VTS Special Area consists of all waters of the eastern San Juan Island Archipelago including Rosario Strait bounded to the south by latitude 482602640N the center of the Precautionary Area 223RB224 extending from Lopez Island to Fidalgo Island and to the north by latitude 482604057N the center of the Precautionary Area 223C224 extending from OrcasIsland to Lummi Island Guemes Channel Bellingham Channel Padilla Bay and southern Bellingham Bay Samish Bay south of latitude center of precautionary area 223RB224 is not marked by a buoy All precautionary areas are depicted on National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA nautical chartsc Additional VTS Special Area Operating Requirements The following additional requirements are applicable in the Eastern San Juan Island Archipelago VTS Special Area1 A vessel engaged in towing shall not impede the passage of a vessel of 40000 dead weight tons or more 2 A vessel of less than 40000 dead weight tons is exempt from the provision set forth in 24716113b1 of this part 3 A vessel of less than 100 meters in length is exempt from the provisions set forth in 24716113b3 of this part4 Approval will not be granted fori A vessel of 100 meters or more in length to meet or overtake a vessel of 40000 dead weight tons or moreii A vessel of 40000 dead weight tons or more to meet or overtake a vessel of 100 meters or more in length iii A vessel of 100 meters or more in length to cross or operate within 2000 yards except when crossing astern of a vessel of 40000 deadweight tons or more or iv A vessel of 40000 dead weight tons or more to or cross or operate within 2000 yards except when crossing astern of a vessel of 100 meters or more in lengthd Reporting Point Inbound vessels in the Strait of Juan de Fuca upon crossing W 24716160Vessel Traffic Service Prince William Sounda The VTS area consists of the navigable waters of the United States north of a line drawn from Cape Hinchinbrook Light to Schooner Rock Light comprising that portion of Prince William Sound between 14626030W and 14726020W and includes Valdez Arm Valdez Narrows and Port Valdez b The Valdez Arm VTS Special Area consists of the waters of the Valdez Arm Traffic Separation Scheme described in 2471671703 of this chapter the waters northeast of a line awn from shoreline to shoreline through the points 602605804N 1462604652W and 602605893N 1462604886W and southwest of a line bearing 307260 True from Tongue Point at 612600210N 1462604000W c The Valdez Narrows VTS Special Area consists of thosewaters of Valdez Arm Valdez Narrows and Port Valdez northeast of a line bearing 307260 True from Tongue Point at and southwest of a line bearing 307260 True from Entrance Island Light at 6126005N 14626036d Additional VTS Special Area Operating Requirements The following additional requirements are applicable in the Valdez Narrows VTS Special Area 1 No VMRS User shall proceed north of 61260 N without prior approval of the VTS 2or a vessel listedin paragraph c3 of this sectioni Approval to enter this area will not be granted to a vessel when a tank vessel of more than 20000 deadweight tons is navigating thereinii A northbound vessel shall remain south of 61260 N until the VTS has granted permission to proceed andiii A southbound vessel shall remain in Port Valdez east of 14626035W and north of 6126006N until the VTS has granted permission to proceed3 Paragraph c2 of this section applies toi A vessel of 1600 gross tonsor more andii A towing vessel of 8 meters or more in length except for a vessel performing duties as an escort vessel as defined in 33 CFR Part 168e Reporting PointsABLE 16160VTSRINCE ILLIAM OUND nameGeographic OnlySchooner RockSchooner Rock602601842N OnlyNaked IslandNaked OnlyNaked IslandNaked OnlyBligh ReefBligh Reef Light Pilot OnlyBligh ReefBligh Reef Light Pilot OnlyRocky PointRocky OnlyRocky PointRocky OnlyEntrance IslandEntrance Island Vessel Traffic Service Lower Mississippi Rivera The Vessel Traffic Service VTS area consists of navigable waters of the Lower Mississippi River LMR below 30260387N 91260175W Port Hudson Light at 2545 miles Above Head of Passes AHP the Southwest Pass and those within a 12nautical mile radius around 28260543N 89260257W Southwest Pass Entrance Light at 201 miles Below Head of Passesb The Algiers Point VTS Special Area consists of the navigable waters of the LMR bounded on the north by a line drawn from 292605762N 902600261W to and on the south by a line drawn from 292605689N 902600372W to 292605693N 902600334W 950 and 935 miles AHP during periods of high waterthat is when the Carrolton Gage reads 80 feet or above on a rising stage or 90 feet or above on a falling stage or under any other water conditions the Captain of the Port COTP deems necessaryc Point VTS Special Area Operating following additional requirements are applicable in the Algiers Point VTS Special Area1 A vessel movement reporting system VMRS user must abide by the signals of the Governor Nicholls Street Wharf 29260576N 90260034W and Gretna 29260555N 90260037W Control Lights 943 and 966 miles AHP respectively in the following manneri May proceed as intendedii Do not proceed unless otherwise directed by the VTSiii Do not proceed immediately notify VTS and await further directionsOTE TO 161651To provide advance notification to downbound vessels a traffic repeater signal of Gretna Light is located at Westwego LA 29260548N 90260083W 1014 miles AHP2 A vessel awaiting a signal change or VTS directions must keep clear of other vessels transiting the aread The Eightyone Mile Point VTS Special Area consists of navigable waters of the LMR between 1675 miles AHP and 1879 miles AHPe one Mile Point VTS Special Area Operating following additional requirements are applicable in the Eightyone Mile Point VTS Special Area1 Prior to proceeding upriver past 1675 miles AHP Sunshine Bridgevessels must contact VTS New Orleans on VHF Channel 5A to checkin Vessels must provide name and destination confirm proper operation of their automated identification system AIS if required under 33 CFR 16446 and if applicable size of tow and number of loaded and empty barges At 1737 miles AHP Bringier Point Light ascending vessels must contact VTS New Orleans and provide a followon position check At both checkin and followon position check VTS New Orleans will advise the vessel on traffic approaching Eightyone Mile Point2 Prior to proceeding downriver past 1879 miles AHP COSMAR Lights vessels must contact VTS New Orleans on VHF Channel 5A to checkin Vessels must provide name and destination confirm proper operation of their AISif required under 33 CFR 16446 and if applicable size of tow and number of loaded and empty barges At 1839 miles AHP Wyandotte Chemical Dock Lights descending vessels must contact VTS New Orleans and provide a followon position check At both chein and followon position check VTS New Orleans will advise the vessel on traffic approaching Eightyone Mile Point3 All vessels getting underway between miles 1675 and 1879 AHP must checkin with VTS New Orleans on VHF Channel 5A immediately prior to getting underway and must comply with the respective ascending and descending checkin and followon points listed in paragraphs e1 and 2 of this section4 Fleet vessels must checkin with VTS New Orleans if they leave their respective fleet or if they move into the main channel Fleet vessels are not required to checkin if they are operating exclusively within their fleetf Reporting PointsTable 16165f lists the VTS Lower Mississippi River Reporting PointsABLE 16165VTSOWER ISSISSIPPI IVER EPORTING Canal Forebay880 AHP292605540N transiting Algiers Point Special AreaIndustrial Canal927 AHP29260572N transiting Algiers Point Special AreaCrescent Towing Smith Fleet935 AHP292605750N Towing vessels transiting Algiers Point Special AreaMarlex Terminal Naval Ships990 AHP292605465N transiting Algiers Point Special AreaHuey P Long Bridge1061 AHP29260566N transiting Algiers Point Special Area16170 Vessel Traffic Service Port Arthura The VTS area consists of the navigable waters of the United States to the limits of the territorial seas bound by the following points 302601000N 922603700W then south to 292601000N 922603700W then west to 292601000N 932605225W then northwest to 292603370N 942602125W then north to 302601000N 942602125W then east along the N latitude to the origination mandatory participation in VTS Port Arthur is limited to the area within the navigable waters of the United States prospective users are encouraged to report at the safe water marks in order to facilitate vessel traffic management in the VTS Area and to receive advisories or navigational assistanceb Precautionary areasABLE 1617VTSORT RTHUR RECAUTIONARY area name Radius Center point latitudeCenter point longitudePetco Bend12000 Bayou12000 Cut12000 River Island nameGeographic Bank Channel 223SB224 BuoySabine Bank Sea Plan ReportSabine Pass Buoys Pass Buoys Arthur Canal Light 22343224Keith Forty GIWW Mile 279North Highline Neches River Light 22319224FINA Reserve Fleet at Cove River MM 268268 Reporting points OutboundABLE nameGeographic River Light 2232224Black Reserve Fleet at Cove Highline Neches River Light 22319224FINA Mile 285The School Arthur Canal Light 22343224Keith Pass Buoys Pass Buoys Bank Channel 223SB224 BuoySabine Bank Sea Reporte Reporting points EastboundABLE 16170ASTBOUND nameGeographic Mile 295ICW MM Plan ReportNorth Forty GIWW Mile 279North River MM 268268 Mile 260260 Reportf Reporting points WestboundABLE 16170ESTBOUND nameGeographic Mile 260260 Plan ReportSabine River Light 2232224Black Mile 285The School Mile 295ICW MM Reportg Reporting points Offshore Safety FairwayABLE 16170FFSHORE AFETY nameGeographic Pass Safety Pass Safety 1 to 16112c VTS and SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and SignDesignated frequency Channel areaBerwick Bay156550 MHz Ch 11The waters east and north of a line drawn from the southern tangent of Sakonnet Point Rhode Island in approximate position latitude 4126023ngitude 7126002and then to the southwestern tangent the Cape Cod Canal to its eastern entrance except that the area of New Bedford harbor within the confines north of the hurricane barrier and the passages through the Elizabeth Islands is not considered to be 223Buzzards navigable waters north of 29260 N west of 9426020 W south of 2926049 N and east of 9526020 W156550 MHz Ch 11156250 Mz Ch 5AFor Sailing Plans only156600 MHz Ch 12156250 MHz Ch 5AFor Sailing Plans onlyThe navigable waters north of a line extending due west from the southern most end of Exxon Dock 1 202604337 N 952600127 WThe navigable waters south of a line extending due west from the southern most end of Exxon Dock 1 292604337 N 952600127 WLos AngelesLong Movement Reporting System AreaThe navigable waters within a 25 nautical mile radius of Point Fermin Light 33260423 N 118260176 MHz Ch 13The waters of the Ohio River between McAlpine Locks Mile 606 and Twelve Mile Island Mile 593 only when the McAlpine upper pool gauge is at approximately 130 feet or aboveTable 1 to 16112c VTS and SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and Signesignated frequency Channel areaLower Mississippi MHz Ch1f Passes AHP extending Pass Entrance Light at 201 miles Below Head of Passes156600 MHz Ch12ight at 860 miles AHP156600 MHz Ch05AThe navigable waters of the Lower MissNew MHz Ch 11For Sailing Plans only156600 MHz Ch 12For vessels at anchorThe area consists of the navigable waters of the Lower New York Bay bounded on the east by a line drawn from Norton Point to Breezy Point on the soutby a line connecting the entrance buoys at the Ambrose Channel Swash Channel and Sandy Hook Channel to Sandy Hook Point and onthe southeast including the waters of Sandy Hook Bay south to a line drawn at latitude 4026025 N then west in the Raritan Bay to the Raritan River Railroad Bridge then north into waters of the Arthur Kill and Newark Bay to the Lehigh Valley Draw Bridge at latitude 40260419222 N and then east including the waters of the Kill Van Kull and the Upper New York Bay north to a line drawn eastwest from the Holland Tunnel ventilator shaft at latitude 40260437222 N longitude 74260016 W in the Hudson River and then continuing east including the waters of the East River to the Throgs Neck Bridge excluding the Harlem River156700 MHz Ch 14The navigable waters of the Lower New York Bay west of a line drawn from Norton Point to Breezy Pointand north of a line connecting the entrance buoys of Ambrose Channel Swash Channel and Sandy Hook Channel to Sandy Hook Point on the southeast including the waters of the Sandy Hook Bay south to a line drawn at latitude 4026025 N then west into the waters of Raritan Bay East Reach to a line drawn from Great Kills Light south through Raritan Bay East Reach LGB 14 to Comfort PT NJ then north including the waters of the Upper New York Bay south of 402604240 N Brooklyn Bridge and 402604370 N Holland Tunnel Ventilator Shaft west through the KVK into the Arthur Kill north of 402603825 N Arthur Kill Railroad Bridge then north into the waters of the Newark Bay south of 402604195 N Lehigh Valley Draw Bridge156600 MHz Ch 1The navigable waters of the Raritan Bay south to a line drawn at latitude 4026026 N then west of a line drawn from Great Kills Light south through the Raritan Bay East Reach LGB 14 to Point Comfort NJ then west to the Raritan River Railroad Bridgeand north including the waters of the Arthur Kill to 402602825 N Arthur Kill Railroad Bridge including the waters of the East River north of 402604240 N Brooklyn Bridge to the Throgs Neck Bridge excluding the Harlem RiverTable 1 to 16112c VTS and SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and SignDesignated frequency Channel area 3 4Port MHz Ch 01AThe navigable waters of the SabineNeches Canal south of 292605270N Port Arthur Canal Sabine Pass Channel Sabine Bank Channel Sabine Outer Bar Channel the offshore safety fairway and the ICW from High Island to its intersection with the SabineNeches Canal156275 MHz Ch 65AThe navigable waters of the Neches River Sabine River and SabineNeches Waterway north of 292605270N and the ICW from its intersection with the Sabine River to MM 260156675 MHz Ch 73The navigable waters of the Calcasieu Channel Calcasieu River Channel and the ICW from MM 260 to MM 191Prince William MHz Ch 13The navigable waters south of 6126005 N east of 14726020 W north of 60260 N and west of 14626030 W and all navigable waters in Port ValdezPuget MHzCh 14The waters of Puget Sound Hood Canal and adjacent waters south of a line connecting Nodule Point and Bush Point in AdmiraltyInlet and south of a line drawn due east from the southernmost tip of Possession Point on Whidbey Island to the shoreline56250 MHz Ch 5AThe US waters of the Salish Sea Rocks Light due east to the intersection of the USCanadian border at 482601788222 N 123260141222 W northeasterly to Hein Bank in position 4826021094222 N 12326002672222 W northerly to Cattle Point Light on San Juan Island along the shoreline to Lime Kiln Light to Kellett Bluff Light on Henry Island along the shoreline to the tip of McCracken Point at the northernmost point of Henry Island to the southernmost point on Stuart Islandin position 482603946222 N 1232601108222 W along the shoreline to Turn Point Light to Sandy Point on Waldron Island along the shoreline to Point Hammond to Patos Island Light to Alden Bank in position 482605039222 N 12226052227222 W then due north to Boundary Bay in position 4926000125222 N 12226052228222 W then due east along the international boundary to the shoreline in Semiahmoo Bay line connecting Nodule Point and Bush Point and all waters east of Whidbey Island north of a line drawn due east from the southernmost tip of Possession Point on Whidbey Island to the MHz Ch 74The waters west of 1242604000 W within nautical miles of the coast of Vancouver Island including the waters north of 482600000222 N and east of MHz Ch 11The waters of the Strait of Georgia including Vancouver Harbor Boundary Pass and Haro Strait north and west a line drawn from Church Point on Vancouver Island to Race Rocks Light due easterly to the intersection of the USCanadian border at 4826017883222N 123260141222 W northeasterly to Hein Bank in position 4826021093222 N 12326002762222 W northerly to Cattle Point Light on San Juan Island along the shoreline to Lime Kiln Light to Kellett Bluff Light on Henry Island along the shoreline to the tip of McCracken Point at the northernmost point of Henry Island to the southernmost point on Stuart Island in position 4826039467222 N 12326011083222 W along the shoreline to Turn Point Light to Sandy Point on Waldron Island along the shoreline to Point Hammond to Patos Island Light to Alden Bank in position 4826050389222 N 12226052227222 W then due north to Boundary Bay in position 4926000125222 N 12226052227222 W then due east along the international boundary to the shoreline in Semiahmoo BayTable 1 to 16112c VTS and SignsMMSI Designated Frequencies and SignDesignated frequency Channel area 3 4San MHz Ch 14The navigable waters of the San Francisco Offshore Precautionary Area the navigable waters shoreward of the San Francisco Offshore Precautionary Area east of 122260420 W and north of 37260400 N extending eastward through the Golden Gate and the navigable waters of San Francisco Bay and as far east as the port of Stockton on the San Joaquin River as far north as the port of Sacramento on the Sacramento River156600 MHz Ch 12The navigable waters within a 38 nautical mile radius of Mount Tamalpais 37260558 N 122260346 W west of 122260420 W and south of 37260400 N and excluding the San Francisco Offshore Precautionary AreaSt Marys MHz Ch 12The waters of the St Marys River between 4526057 N De Tour Reef Light and 46260387 N lle Parisienne Light except the St Marys Falls Canal and those navigable waters east of a line from 462600416 N and 462600157 N La Pointe to Sims Point in Potagannissing Bay and Mobile Service Identifier MMSI is a unique ninedigit number assigned that identifies ship stations ship earth stations coast stations coast earth stations and group calls for use by a digital selective calling DSC radio an INMARSAT ship earth station or AIS AIS requirements are set forth in 24724716121 and 16446 of this subchapter The requirements set forth in 24724716121 and 16446 of this subchapter apply in those areas denoted with a MMSI number except for Louisville and Los the event of a communication failure difficulties or other safety factors the Center may direct or permit a user to monitor and report on any other designated monitoring frequency or the bridgetobridge navigational frequency 156650 MHz Channel 13 or 156375 MHz Ch 67 to the extent that doing so provides a level of safety beyond that provided by other means The bridgetobridge navigational frequency 156650 MHz Ch 13 is used in certain monitoring areas where the level of reporting does not warrant a designated frequencyAll geographic coordinates latitude and longitude are expressed in North American Datum of 1983 NAD 83Some monitoring areas extend beyond navigable waters Although not required users are strongly encouraged to maintain a listening watch on the designated monitoring frequency in these areas Otherwise they are required to maintain watch as stated in 47 CFR 80148In addition to the vessels denoted in section 16116 of this chapter requirements set forth in subpart B of 33 CFR part 161 also apply to any vessel transiting VMRS Buzzards Bay required to carry a bridgetobridge radiotelephone by part 26 of this chapterUntil otherwise directed full VTS services will not be available in the Calcasieu Channel Calcasieu River Channel and the ICW from MM 260 to MM 191 Vessels may contact Port Arthur Traffic on the designated VTS frequency to request advisories but are not required to monitor the VTS frequency in this zoneA Cooperative Vessel Traffic Service was established by the United States and Canada within adjoining waters The appropriate Center administers the rules issued by both nations however enforces only its own set of rules within its jurisdiction Note the bridgetoidge navigational frequency 156650 MHz Ch 13 is not so designated in Canadian waters therefore users are encouraged and permitted to make passing arrangements on the designated monitoring 9 Jfb 2017 The Monotype Corporation All Rights Reserved Hebrew OpenType Layout logic copyright 2003 2007 Ralph Hancock John Hudson This layout logic for Biblical Hebrew is open source software under the MIT License see embedded license description for detailsArial is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2017 The Monotype Corporation All Rights Reserved Hebrew OpenType Layout logic copyright 2003 2007 Ralph Hancock John Hudson This layout logic for Biblical Hebrew is open source software under the MIT License see embedded license description for is a trademark of The Monotype Corporation 2017 The Monotype Corporation All Rights Reserved Hebrew OpenType Layout logic copyright 2003 2007 Ralph Hancock John Hudson This layout logic for Biblical Hebrew is open source software under the MIT License see embedded license description for is a trademark of The Monotype EO7VkgBFA5C 3000RIKF6Cz4F y EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia D QXDzzYYFFaHKS XYXY EDEDEeE j Bhja RyE TXYaDRy E I c a a CC5vAp AE PXaYddbQXdd EDYKTX FH FHYYCXddadQX FH TXCBYQX TXCBYTX HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EFvhEDCCeCCppE EEadPQXEDY ECDCCe ia EF HHEFa aHHEF a FHHEFa a aHHEFa fHHEFa aaHH E D ZQX DY QX MDY QX DY EhD EEadPQXEDYCcbB ECDCCe ia GD ERXDYY EIDEJDEeE j Bhja RyJJE TXYaDRyI IE I c RX8e8c8YEiC a a CC5vKp KE PXaYddbQXdd E PXaYDFFF Fab KKpE PXaFYh3KSKQZX zGALAIf3G5 E States Coast PDFMaker 20 for PDF Library


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