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GSC 100 Communicator User Manual WARNINGS GOOD JUDGEMENTThis product is an excellent navigation aid and but does not replace the need for careful orienteering andgood judgement Never rely solely on one device fornavigating USE CAREThe Global Positioning System GPS is operated by the USGovernment which is solely responsible for the accuracy andmaintenance of GPSThe accuracy of position fixes can be affected by the to GPS satellites made by the US Governmentand is subject to change in accordance with the Department ofDefense civil GPS user policy and the Federal USE can also be affected by poor satellite geometryWhen the accuracy warnings appear on the screen use thedata with extreme caution USE PROPER ACCESSORIESUse only Magellan cables and antennas the use of nonMagellan cables and antennas may degrade performance ordamage the receiver and will void the warranty LICENSE grants you the purchaser the right to use thesoftware supplied in and with the GSC 100 Global the SOFTWARE in the normal operation ofthe equipment You may make copies only for your ownpersonal use and for use within your SOFTWARE is the property of MAGELLAN andor itssuppliers and is protected by United States copyright laws treaty provisions therefore you must treat thisSOFTWARE like any other copyright materialYou may not use copy modify reverse engineer or transferthis SOFTWARE except as expressly provided in this licenseAll rights not expressly granted are reserved by MAGELLANandor its suppliers RADIATION WARNING Although no single value of safe radiation level has been agreed upon by all countries the American National Standards Institute ANSILEEE C951 1992 recommends that people should not be exposed to radiation stronger than 1 milliwatt per square centimeter at the frequencies used in RADIO FREQUENCY RADIATION the Magellan GSC 100 Due to the GSC 100 transmission times being very brief the amounts are well within acceptable limits as set forth by the American National Standards Institute LIGHTNING WARNINGDue to the extension capability of the ORBCOMM located on the GSC 100 it is strongly advised thatoperations of the GSC 100 cease when thunderstorm orelectrical storm conditions are present OBTAINING LICENSING FOR ORBCOMM of the ORBCOMM System outside the United States hasonly been authorized by a limited number of Authorities Use of the ORBCOMM Systemoutside the United States is permissible only when allnecessary permits approvals and authorizations have beenreceived from the applicable foreign Governmental AuthoritiesIn addition use of the GSC 100 outside the United States isonly permissible if it has been type approved for use in thatcountry or territory Both the ORBCOMM System and the GSC100 may need to be approved prior to use in a foreign countryor territory For information on those countries or territories inwhich use of the ORBCOMM System and the GSC 100 isauthorized please contact ORBCOMM or your local NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT 1998 Magellan Corporation 960 Overland CourtSan Dimas CA 91773 USA World Rights ReservedNo part of this publication may be stored in a retrieval or reproduced in any way including but not limitedto photocopy photograph magnetic or other record withoutthe prior written permission of Magellan Systems GSC 100TM are the trademarks of is the trademark of Orbital is a registered service mark of ORBCOMMGlobal LPPart No 2260104000 1 Welcome to the GSC 100 1 Packing List 2 Conventions Used in this Manual 2 Messaging Activation 3GETTING STARTED 4 Receiver Description 4 Keypad Description 4 Softkeys 5 Arrow Keys 5 Power Key 5 Light Key 5 Home Key 5 Menu Key 5 Enter Key 5 Escape Key 6 Alphanumeric Keys 6 Installing the Battery 7 Charging the Battery 8 Turning the Receiver ON OFF 9 GPS Initialization 9 Proper Handling Signal Reception 12 System SYS Modes 14 GPS Mode 14 ORBCOMM Mode 14 AUTO Mode 14 Creating a GlobalGram 15 Sending a GlobalGram 18 Receiving a GlobalGram 20 Your First Position Fix 21 Saving Your First Waypoint 22 Creating a GOTO 25 Navigating with the GSC 100 25REFERENCE 26 General Usage 26 Turning the Receiver ON 26 Turning the Receiver OFF 27 Inputting Data 27 Turning the Light ON and OFF 27 The Main Menu 28 System SYS Modes 29 GPS Mode 29 ORBCOMM Mode 29 AUTO Mode 29 Messaging Operations 30 Selecting ORBCOMM Mode 30 Initialization 31 Preferred Gateway Control Center GCC 32 Default Characters 33 Font Size 33 Display Characters Setting 34 Auto Message Check 35 Address Book 36 Viewing an Address 36 Creating a New Address 37 Editing an Address 38 Deleting an Address 38 Capturing an Address 39 GCC Addresses Speed Dial 40Messages 41 Requesting Message Check 41 Messaging Icons 42 Viewing Received GlobalGrams 43 Creating a GlobalGram 45 Sending Standard GlobalGrams 47 Sending STORE FWD Globalgrams 49 Sending a GlobalGram to a GSC 100 51 Selecting Recipients from the Address Book 52 Inserting Symbols Characters into GlobalGrams 53 Viewing Created GlobalGrams 54 Accessing the Mailbox 55 Editing a GlobalGram 56 Copying a GlobalGram 57 Replying to a GlobalGram 58 Forwarding a GlobalGram 59 Deleting a Message 61 Message Status 62GPS Operations 63 Selecting GPS Mode 63 GPS Icons 64 NAV Screens 65 Viewing the POSITION Screen 65 Viewing the NAV 1 Screen 66 Viewing the NAV 2 Screen 66 Customizing the NAV Screens 67 NAV 1 Screen 68 NAV 2 Screen 69PLOT Screens 69 Viewing the POINTER Screen 69 Viewing the PLOT Screen 70 Changing the Plotter Scale 71 Using PAN N SCAN 71 Setting a GOTO Using PAN N SCAN 72 Clearing Plotter Track 72 Viewing the ROAD Screen 73Waypoints 73 Saving a Position Fix as a Waypoint 73 Receiver Generated Waypoint Name 74 User Defined Waypoint Name 74 Creating a Waypoint 75 Accessing the Waypoint Menu 76 Viewing a Waypoint 77 Accessing the Waypoint Function Menu 78 Editing a Waypoint 78 Projecting a Waypoint 79 Deleting a Waypoint 80Routes 81 Activating a GOTO Route 82 Accessing the Route Menu 83 Creating a MultiLeg Route 84 Activating and Deactivating a Route 85 Reversing a Route 86 Viewing the Route Summary Edit Option 86 Viewing the Legs of a Route 87 Inserting a Leg in a Route 87 Deleting a Leg 88 Adding a Leg 89 Replacing a Waypoint 90 Navigating Activating a Leg 91 Deleting a Route 91 Creating an MOB Man OverBoard Route 92 Creating a Backtrack Route 92 Last Fix Buffer 92 Viewing a LAST FIX 93 Viewing the LAST FIX Trip Summary Screen 93Setup Options 94 GPS Setup 94 Initializing the Receiver 94 Setting the Coordinate System 95 Setting the Elevation Mode 96 Setting Velocity Averaging 97 Setting Speed Units 97 Setting Distance Units 97 Setting Elevation Units 98 Setting North Reference 98 Selecting Map Datum 98 Selecting Waypoint Sort 99 Selecting the Last Fix Interval 99 Plot Setup 99 General Setup 100 Selecting Time Format 100 Setting the Light Timer 100 Sampling 101 Setting NMEA Port and Baud Rate 102 Selecting RS232 Port and Baud Rate 103 Selecting Clear Menu 103 Contrast 103Additional Features 105 Viewing ORBCOMM SAT STATUS Screen 105 Viewing GPS SAT STATUS Screen 106 Viewing the Odometer 107 Resetting the Odometer andor Trip Odometer 107 Viewing the Clock 107 Viewing the SUNMOON Screen 108 GPS Simulator 108 ORBCOMM Demo 109 Erasing Last Fixes 109 Accessing the ABOUT Screen 110 Erasing Track from the Plotter Screen 110 Erase All Waypoints from Waypoint List 110 Clearing Receiver Memory 111 Performing a Hardware Reset 111ICONS 112Warnings and Other Messages 119 Contacting Customer Service 123NMEA Data Messages 125Available Datums 133Coordinate Systems 135What is GPS 138What is ORBCOMM 141Where to Get More Information 148City Reference Chart 150Connecting External PowerDevices 157Glossary 160Index Welcome to the GSC 100 on your purchase of the Magellan GSC 100 Satellite Communicator the worlds first handheld global satellite communicator You now have the ability to send and receive GlobalGrams email messages to and from anywhere on Earth Because the GSC 100 uses standard email protocols sending and receiving GlobalGrams is easy Communicate to any email Internet X400 address or another GSC 100 And with its integrated GPS capability the GSC 100 not only lets you know where you are it guides you anywhere you want to go You can identify your position plot and track your course or store waypoints Your GSC 100 will get you anywhere and back again at the push of a button You can also relay your position to anyone anywhere no matter how remote you may be with a GSC 100 GlobalGram And with its rugged splashproof construction the GSC 100 is ready for action no matter where your adventures may take you To help you get started using your new GSC 100 turn to the section titled Getting Started This quickstart session will have you sending and receiving GlobalGrams as well as recording landmark locations and navigating in no time at all It is important to note that prior to use you must activate the unit within the ORBCOMM network as they are the service provider Activation Instructions have been provided to assist you in activating your GSC 100 A Quick Reference Guide has been provided to assist in operating the unit while making your way outdoors After youve learned the basics the rest of this manual will give you detailed information about all the features and functions of your GSC 100 Satellite Communicator A Reference Section and Appendix with Glossary are included as wellMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 1Packing List Before you begin using your new unit make sure that all the items listed on the GSC 100 box are included If any of the items are missing or damaged contact Magellan customer service immediately at 800 7079971 Optional accessories are available from your local GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Used in this Manual The reference section of this manual is designed to assist you in the use of your GSC 100 Each topic in the reference section includes a brief description of the activity chosen as well as a detailed description of the keys to press and sample screens showing how the function is performed In the reference section you will be given instructions to follow Bolded words indicate the key or keys to be pressed italics indicate the name of the screen to be viewed and ALL CAPS indicate a menu item to be selected Also in the reference section are alerts to inform you of some cautions or notes that will assist you in using your Magellan GSC 100 Satellite Communicator The stop sign indicates the information enclosed is very important and should be read before moving on The Magellan logo denotes information that can help you use or understand your receiver While this information is not required to perform the activity it may provide you with a better understanding of the activity or shortcuts you can use2 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Messaging Activation Prior to use your GSC 100 unit must be activated within the ORBCOMM network by your local service provider A set of Activation Instructions have been included with your GSC 100 to guide you through the activation process Included in the Activation Instructions are the instructions forms payment information and a list of contacts Activation allows your service provider to open an active account so that you can begin to send and receive GlobalGrams using your GSC 100 During the activation process you will receive a unique email address for your GSC 100 Future system enhancements or issues will be communicated to you to keep you up and running Activation procedures differ from country to country and should be verified by your local service provider To legally operate a GSC 100 it is the responsibility of the user to obtain permission from the local regulatory authorities of the country you are operating within Using your GSC 100 in any country without permission causes you to run the risk of confiscation of your unit or legal action from local authorities Normal practice for taking equipment into another country is to apply for a license prior to travel If a license has not been obtained before travel the equipment may be put into storage by local authorities until such time as a license is obtained During the activation process you will need the serial number for your unit The serial number can be found on the outside of your GSC 100 box on a sticker on the inside of the battery door on the COPYRIGHT screen displayed during startup or on the ABOUT screen accessed from the GENERAL SETUP menu Also prior to using the messaging capabilities you must initialize your GSC 100s GPS receiver This will allow the unit to acquire a position and find the ORBCOMM satellites needed to transmit receive GlobalGrams as well as display the ORBCOMM satellite GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 3GETTING STARTED Receiver Description This section will outline the basic layout of the GSC 100 and the functions associated with the various keys Keypad Description The GSC 100 keypad consists of four SOFTKEYS a fourway arrow keypad a POWER key a LIGHT key a HOME key a MENU key an ESCAPE key an ENTER key and 30 ALPHANUMERIC keys GPS Antenna inside receiver 4way Arrow Keypad Softkeys MENU Key POWER Key RS232NMEA Ext Power Port LIGHT Key HOME Key ESCAPE Key External GPS Antenna Port ENTER Key KeypadORBCOMM Telescopic Antenna symbols numbersrotates and extends upwardwhen removed used as external ORBCOMM antenna port 4 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Softkeys There are four softkeys which are located just below the GSC 100 screen These softkeys are used to control the operation of the unit and provide you with specific options particular to a given screen or function Softkey function designations appear at the bottom of the screens and correspond to the options listed These options differ from screen to screen To execute any option listed press the corresponding softkey Arrow Keys The fourway arrow keypad is used to scroll through menu items or to move the cursor during alphanumeric entries When one of the arrow directions is pressed the cursor will continue to move until the key is released Power Key The Power key turns the unit ON or OFF Light Key This key controls the backlights for the screen and keypad Home Key The Home key returns the user to the Main Menu screen from any function within the unit Menu Key The Menu key calls up a menu of available functions relative to the current screen display Enter Key The Enter key accepts data input and is used to select items from menu GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 5Escape Key The Escape key is used to cancel the last executed action For example if pressing the Enter key from a menu allows the user to view Satellite Status then pressing the Escape key immediately after the Enter key will return the user to the previous Keys The Alphanumeric keys are labeled with two characters each Primary characters are the letters and secondary characters are numbers and symbols located in the upper right corner of the keys To access the secondary characters press the ALT key and then press the key containing the number or symbol that you wish to use To type capital letters you must have the CAPS key depressed prior to pressing the key Both the ALT and CAPS keys are toggle keys so you will have to press them again to de activate them To access symbols that are not found on any of the keys press the ALT key and then the SYM key which is the symbol key when in the ALT mode A symbol popup menu will appear allowing you to move through it using the ARROW keypad When you find the symbol you wish to use highlight POS TIME DATE it press ENTER and it will be inserted where the cursor is positioned Within the SYMBOLS MENU there is also an option to include the TIME DATE or6 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Position POS into your GlobalGram The POS information is your last calculated GPS coordinates including time date and datum stamp This information can be edited within the message Installing the Battery The GSC 100 runs on either external power or battery power Prior to using your GSC 100 you should open the battery door make sure the battery pack is connected and then apply external power to charge the battery as it ships uncharged The unit uses one 96 VDC Rechargeable NiCad Battery Pack installed in the snapopen back panel Press down when connecting or disconnecting the two clips GSC 100 Battery Clip GSC 100 Battery Clip Battery Pack Clip Battery Pack Battery Pack Clip Battery Door Latch Battery Door To install the battery pack turn the GSC 100 on its face making sure to protect the screen and keypad Using a finger push the battery door latch shown above downward Holding the battery door from both sides open it towards you GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 7 out the battery pack and release the snap on the side of the battery pack clip shown above Pull the GSC 100 and the battery pack clips apart You will have up to fifteen minutes to replace the battery before internal memory messages addresses waypoints and routes is lost Take a replacement NiCad battery pack available from Magellan and clip it onto the GSC 100 battery clip and close the battery doorCharging the Battery When the battery is low depicted by the low battery icon shown in the status bar you will need to recharge it for further use To charge the 96 VDC Rechargeable NiCad Battery Pack supplied with your GSC 100 you will need to connect the data power extension cable to the RS232Power port located on the side of the unit Then connect the AC power cable into the data power extension cable and plug into external power You will be able to operate the unit while the battery is charging although it will take longer to charge It is recommended that you charge the battery while you are not using your unit to assure that the battery pack gets fully charged It will take 6 hours of uninterrupted charging to fully recharge the battery pack It is imperative that when connecting external power to your GSC 100 the connectors are properly aligned so as not to damage the pins8 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Only the 96 VDC Rechargeable NiCad Battery Pack will work with your GSC 100 Do not attempt to use any other batteries as they may not work with your unit and any damage caused by their use will void the warranty Turning the Receiver ON OFF To turn the GSC 100 ON press the POWER key and wait for the unit to scroll through the startup screens To turn the unit OFF press the same POWER key This will start a shutdown sequence that counts down the seconds until the unit actually turns OFF To immediately turn the receiver OFF press the POWER key again This bypasses the countdown and the unit turns OFF immediately GPS Initialization When you are using the unit for the first time move the unit 300 or more miles without the unit taking a position fix or perform a system reset you will need to initialize the GSC 100 with the current location elevation local time and date information This is because the constellation of 24 GPS satellites circling the globe are in constant motion and before your receiver can tell you where you are it needs to know roughly where the satellites are relative to itself It does this with the use of an almanac where it has stored in memory a general location a time and a date The almanac tells the receiver which satellites will be in view Using the location and time you enter the receiver can quickly find satellites and calculate your position sooner Without initialization the unit will take a longer period of time to provide position information or locate GPS or ORBCOMM GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 9 Upon powerup the unit will scroll through three initial ID screens stopping on the ATTENTION screen The first screen is the MAGELLAN ID screen MAGELL AN The next screen to be displayed is the COPYRIGHT and POWER COPYRIGHT 1998 SOURCE screen MAGELLAN CORP BATTERY POWER The final screen is the ORBCOMM ID screen ORBCOMM The ATTENTION screen prompts ATTENTION you to initialize the unit prior to GPS UNINITIALIZED further use By pressing ENTER PRESS ENTER TO you will be brought to the INITIALIZE OR INITIALIZATION screen where you ESCAPE TO CONTINUE will enter your location time and date information Press ENTER If your unit does not display the ATTENTION screen on power up go to the SETUP OPTIONS section of this manual for further instructions10 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The first character in the latitude A L T line is highlighted indicating that it INITIALIZE can be edited Using the City 00 0000N 000 0000W Reference Chart located in the back of this manual enter the coordinates of the city that is closest to your location Use the ARROW KEYPAD or NUMBER keys to enter your latitude and press ENTER This accepts the new data and brings up the A longitude line Use the ARROW L T INITIALIZE KEYPAD or NUMBER keys to enter your longitude and press 34 0000N 118 0000W ENTER This accepts the new 00000 FT data and brings up the elevation line If you know your elevation enter it on this line and press ENTER If you do not know your elevation simply press ENTER to accept the default value The receiver will now prompt you for A L T the local time in 12hour AMPM INITIALIZE format Take extra care to input 34 0000N the time correctly to within 10 118 0000W minutes including the AMPM 00000 FT designator Use the ARROW 0823AM KEYS and the numeric keys to input the correct time Daylight Savings time does not affect the time in your unit as long as you take a position fix after entering your local time This allows the satellite to correct any time GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 11 A When the time is correct press L T INITIALIZE ENTER Your receiver requires just one more piece of information 34 0000N 118 0000W the date Use the ARROW KEYS 00000 FT and the numeric keys to input the 0823AM correct date Press ENTER 02SEP97 Once you have completed the Initialization of the GSC 100 you 823A will be brought back to the MAIN MAIN MENU ORBCOMM SATS MENU Time and date will not 0901P TO 0914P be displayed if the receiver has 1021P TO 1035P already acquired a satellite and UNREAD MSGS 0 received that information from it QUEUED MSGS 0 MSGS GPS SETUP SATSProper Handling Signal Reception Since the GSC 100 receives information it needs from satellites orbiting the earth the antennas need to have a relatively unobstructed view of the sky Blocked or Partially Blocked View of the Sky Physical obstructions will block satellite signals from reaching the receiver as may be the case with the cliffs in the picture If you are unable to get a position fix send or receive messages move the receiver so it has a clearer view of the sky Clear View of the Sky The receiver now has a clear view of the sky in all directions allowing it to choose from all of the satellites currently available Do not attempt to use the unit in metal or concrete structures as the signals will be obstructed12 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Due to the extension capability of the ORBCOMM telescopic antenna located on the GSC 100 it is strongly advised that operations of the GSC 100 cease when thunderstorm or electrical storm conditions are present The GSC 100 is designed to fit in your hand The unit can also be mounted in a stand that can be purchased from your local GSC 100 dealer Hold the receiver with the antenna extended upwards toward the sky and the unit comfortably in your hand and slightly away from your body so that you can see the screen If you are sending or receiving GlobalGrams the telescopic antenna located on the side of the unit needs to be fully extended If you are using the unit to navigate you do not need to extend the telescopic antenna Best reception will occur when the unit is operated away from noise sources such as high voltage power lines and older internal combustion engines If your unit is experiencing difficulty in establishing contact with satellites move away from any such noise sources that may be present Also due to the radiation pattern of the ORBCOMM telescopic antenna you may have better transmission quality if the antenna is held at an angle to the transmitting ORBCOMM satellite Do NOT place metallic decals or labels over the antenna portion of the receiver Drastic reductions in signal levels can significantly decrease the GSC 100s signal GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 13System SYS Modes This section outlines the different modes of operation used in the GSC 100 There are three system or operating modes AUTO MODE GPS MODE and ORBCOMM MODEGPS Mode The GPS mode should be engaged when the NMEA port is in use for external marine products or an autopilot where a constantly updated position fix is necessary All other GPS functions can be utilized while in the AUTO mode The unit will not transmit or receive messages while in this mode In GPS mode if your receiver is not communicating with a GPS satellite and your time and postion coordinates are incorrect your ORBCOMM satellite pass schedule will be Mode When in the ORBCOMM mode your receiver will continuously listen for ORBCOMM satellites regardless of the satellite schedule ORBCOMM mode should be used when it is imperative that you send or receive GlobalGrams If there is a scheduled pass at a certain time and you have a GlobalGram you need to send or a GlobalGram you are expecting to receive you would engage the ORBCOMM mode to ensure delivery or receipt of these messages While in ORBCOMM mode position information and satellite schedule are based on the last calculated satellite fix GPS or AUTO modes need to be engaged to continuously update the position of your receiverAUTO Mode The AUTO mode is the default operational mode as well as the recommended mode of operation In AUTO mode if you do not have any GlobalGrams queued or are not requesting messages the unit will operate in GPS mode If an ORBCOMM satellite comes into view and you have a GlobalGram queued or have14 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator activated the request messages function the GSC 100 will automatically switch to ORBCOMM mode perform the necessary functions then switch back to the GPS mode after complete or when the ORBCOMM satellite is no longer in view The mode icon will change between current operational modes as operation dictates You will be able to use the ORBCOMM functions and still allow the unit to update important position information needed to generate ORBCOMM satellite schedules Conversely in AUTO mode if your receiver is not communicating with a GPS satellite and your time and postion coordinates are incorrect your ORBCOMM satellite pass schedule will be inaccurate Creating a GlobalGram With your GSC 100 you have the ability to send and receive e mailtype messages or GlobalGrams from anywhere in the world In order to transmit a GlobalGram your unit must have a clear view of the sky and the ORBCOMM antenna must be fully extended and your unit in either ORBCOMM or AUTO mode This section helps you get started sending GlobalGrams with your GSC 100 The REFERENCE section of this manual contains greater detail Before you can use the ORBCOMM messaging functions you must first complete the Activation Procedures using the Activation Instructions that came with your GSC 100 If you have not received these Activation Instructions contact Magellan Customer Service at 800 GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 15 A STORE FWD GlobalGram is sent when your GSC 100 is transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite that is not in direct communication with an ORBCOMM Ground Earth Station This will be reflected by the presence of a broken double arrow icon displayed in the status bar at the top of the screen when you are outdoors and a satellite is in view You can only send a STORE FWD GlobalGram to one speed dial address See the REFERENCE section for message constraints as well as instructions on SENDING STORE FWD GLOBALGRAMS STORE FORWARD GLOBALGRAM SEQUENCE C C C OR OR C OR OR B A P 132P B A P 133P B A P 134P B A P 135P TO Don Smith TO TEXT 5 SPEED DIAL 1 SPEED DIAL 1 PRESS ADBK TO SELECT 2 SPEED DIAL 2 RECIPIENT 3 SPEED DIAL 3 4 SPEED DIAL 4 5 SPEED DIAL 5 TEXT ADBK SAVE SEND SELCT DESEL DONE TEXT ADBK SAVE SEND TO SAVE SEND TO MAILBOX FOR TRANSMISSION AT NEXT SAT PASS A STANDARD GlobalGram is sent when your GSC 100 is transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite that is in direct communication with an ORBCOMM Ground Earth Station This will be reflected by the presence of a double arrow icon displayed in the status bar at the top of the screen For a complete description of all the icons displayed in the status bar please refer to the ICONS section of this manual You have the ability to send a STANDARD GlobalGram to seven recipients maximum both primary and carboncopy recipients combined STANDARD GLOBALGRAM SEQUENCE C GP C C C OR GP GP B A P 1219P S A P 111P S A P 113P S A P 115P TO CC TO SUBJECT TEXT Don Smith CC ADBK SAVE SEND SUBJ ADBK SAVE SEND TEXT SAVE SEND TO SAVE SEND TO MAILBOX FOR TRANSMISSION AT NEXT SAT PASS16 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To compose and send a Status Bar GlobalGram press the MSGS OR B 107P softkey from the MAIN MENU MESSAGE TYPE You are now at the MESSAGE LIST where you will press the STANDARD STORE FWD NEW softkey You will be prompted to send either a STANDARD GlobalGram or a STORE FWD GlobalGram If you are sending a GlobalGram to OR B 110P C A P a recipient whos address you do TO not have stored at the GCC your Don Smith choice will be STANDARD Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight STANDARD and press ENTER You are now at the TO CC ADBK SAVE SEND screen where you will manually enter the address of the recipient using the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS Your GSC 100 also contains an address book where you can store your frequently used addresses To create your address book refer to the REFERENCE section of this manual for more details You can move the cursor within these screens using the 4 way arrow keypad GP C Once you are back at the TO S A P 111P screen press the CC softkey Press CC TO this key even if you do not have any carboncopy recipients because from the CC screen you access the SUBJECT screen Enter the carboncopy recipients using SUBJ ADBK SAVE SEND the same procedures as were used for the TO screenMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 17 Press the SUBJ softkey to enter the GP S C A P 113P SUBJECT screen of this message SUBJECT After entering the subject of your message using the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS press the TEXT softkey This brings you to the TEXT screen where you will TEXT SAVE SEND enter the text of your message You GP S C A P 115P have a 2000 character text screen TEXT limit for STANDARD GlobalGrams and a 229 character text limit for STORE FWD GlobalGrams Use the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to TO SAVE SEND enter your message and press the SEND softkeySending a GlobalGram After you have pressed the SEND softkey your message is SENT to the MAILBOX where it is stored to be transmitted to an ORBCOMM satellite at the next satellite pass To transmit this message you must be outdoors away from any obstructions with the unit held away from your body and the ORBCOMM antenna fully extended Your unit must be in either AUTO or ORBCOMM mode in order to transmit to an ORBCOMM satellite At the top of the screen in your unit will be a mailbox icon with the flag in the up position This alerts you that the message has been sent to the MAILBOX to be transmitted at the next satellite pass Once the message has been transmitted to the satellite this icon will disappear and be replaced in the MESSAGE LIST by the mailbox icon with the flag in the down position18 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator You have the ability to monitor ORBCOMM satellite activity from the SAT STATUS screen From the MAIN MENU press the OR B 417P SATS softkey You are now at the ORBCOMM SATS 7 A Z m ORBCOMM SATS screen showing N 2 4 EL I D the location of the ORBCOMM satellite being utilized as well as its azimuth and elevation On the left side of the screen is a signal 1 2 CLOCK GPS strength bar showing that satellites Satellite Being strength The more the bar is filled Tracked Satellite ID the better transmission you are User Location getting Also below the satellite OR B 417P strength bar is both the closed ORBCOMM SATS 7A envelope and mailbox with the flag N 2 Z m EL 4 I in the up position icons Next to D these icons will be a number showing how many unread GlobalGrams you have and how 1 2 CLOCK GPS many GlobalGrams have been sent to the MAILBOX for transmission Satellite When there is no ORBCOMM Strength Bar Satellite Track satellite in view this screen lists the Messages Messages Received To Be Sent time of the next pass For further details regarding the SAT STATUS screen refer to the ADDITIONAL FEATURES section of this manualMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 19Receiving a GlobalGram In order for you to receive a GlobalGram with your GSC 100 you must request your unit to check for messages Your unit must be in either AUTO or ORBCOMM mode with a clear view of the sky and the ORBCOMM antenna fully extended in order to receive a transmission from an ORBCOMM satellite To receive GlobalGrams from a OR B 1250P satellite you must first request your Flight Informa CMHeeEtC inKg Mch SaG nS ge unit to CHECK MESSAGES Do M A0 It L0 B OyX n this by pressing the MNU key from B0o a K 0 e 0s 0 M CLaOt N eT AR A rr Sa iv Tl the MAIN MENU or the MESSAGE S Y S M O D E Rental Car LIST which will bring up a popup Party Arrangem menu with the options of CHECK NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL MSGS MAILBOX CONTRAST OR 1251P or SYS MODE Use the UP B Flight Informa DOWN ARROWs to highlight Meeting change CHECK MSGS and press ENTER Boat Keys This sends a request to the satellite Late Arrival for any messages it may have Rental Car received Your GSC 100 will send Party Arrangem NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL all queued messages prior to checking for any incoming messages When you are receiving a transmission from a satellite a double arrow icon will be displayed at the top of your screen Any attachments to incoming GlobalGrams will be stripped out prior to receipt Upon receipt of a GlobalGram an envelope icon will appear at the top of the screen To view this message return to the MESSAGE LIST by pressing the MSGS softkey while at the MAIN MENU The message you received will be preceded by the envelope icon Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the message and press ENTER This opens up the message for you to read and changes the icon in front of it to an open envelope icon while the envelope icon on the top of the screen disappears Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to scroll through the message20 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Your First Position Fix In order for your GSC 100 to display accurate navigation information as well as the ORBCOMM satellite pass schedule it must first get a position fix This position fix allows the unit to locate itself on the earth relative to the location of both GPS and ORBCOMM satellites To get a position fix with your GSC 100 receiver you must be outside with a clear view of the sky and away from any large obstructions buildings large trees etc If your receiver is OFF press the POWER key to turn the receiver ON or if you have just finished initializing the unit press the HOME key to go to the MAIN MENU Your unit needs to be in GPS or AUTO mode to get a fix Press the GPS softkey and then the NAV softkey and then your unit will display one of the NAV or PLOT screens Press the UP DOWN ARROW until you get to the POSITION screen You may also press the NAV softkey until the position screen is displayed The POSITION screen appears with GP S 126A the latitude longitude and elevation LATLON 34 0000N that you entered during INITIALIZATION The word 118 0000W SEARCHING appears 900 FT SEARCHING indicating that the receiver is searching the sky for satellites In a NAV PLOT GOTO AUX short period of time the receiver GP will locate the satellites and begin S 131P LATLON receiving information The first 34 0000N indication of this is that the word 118 0000W SEARCHING is replaced with a 900 FT bar graph indicating the receivers progress toward acquiring GPS data from the satellites NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 21 Within a few minutes the bar graph GP S 2 d 133P will disappear and be replaced with LATLON the map datum This indicates that 34 0658N 117 4954W your receiver has computed your present position All position and 900 FT navigation information will now WGS84 be based on the position NAV PLOT GOTO AUX information receivedSaving Your First Waypoint You now have a position fix that defines your current location During GPS operation your receiver continuously computes your position and displays that information on the POSITION screen You can save this position in the receivers memory for later use This stored fix is referred to as a waypoint A useful way to record this would be to assign a unique name to the position That way if you were to go to a new location you could use your receiver to guide you back to the previous location From the POSITION screen press MNU which will bring up a list of SAVE POS options Using the UPDOWN CREATE WPT ARROWs highlight SAVE POS ROUTE MENU and press ENTER This tells the CONTRAST WPT PROJEC receiver that you want to store the SYS MODE current position as a waypoint The cursor is in the upper left corner GP 2 C S d A P 126P and the arrows icon displayed at the SAVE POS top of the screen lets you know that you are in the edit mode Also the 34 1100N CAPS mode is automatically 119 4302W enabled as the entry will be made 900 FT using capital letters Now name NAV PLOT GOTO AUX this position22 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The waypoint name can be created by the receiver or you can input a name that means something to you If you press ENTER without creating a name the receiver automatically assigns a waypoint name Waypoint names assigned by the receiver appear in the format WPxxx where the xxx is a sequential number 001 002 etc Unless you select a different icon by pressing the UPDOWN ARROW waypoint names use the pin icon C GP 2 154P To allow the receiver to name the A S d P SAVE POS waypoint press ENTER The WP001 screen to the right will appear 34 1100N briefly and then the receiver returns 119 4302W to the POSITION screen 900 FT 0154P02SEP97 NAV PLOT GOTO AUX All waypoint names begin with an icon You have the option of choosing one of nine different icons plus one unitgenerated icon shown below AVAILABLE ICONS a square a target a double box a fish a diamond a diving symbol a left flag an anchor a right flag a pin unitgenerated icon These icons will be used to display the relative location of the waypoint on the PLOT POINTER and ROAD screens Now you will save your position but this time you will assign a name to the GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 23 Press MNU highlight SAVE POS GP S 2 d 133P and press ENTER Select an icon LATLON SAVE POS by pressing the UPDOWN 2 4 WPT CREATE 0000 N 1 1 8MENU ROUTE 0000 W ARROW CONTRAST 900 FT WPT PROJEC WGS84 SYS MODE NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Selecting CREATE WPT instead of SAVE POS will allow you to enter a waypoint exactly as described above with the additional option of entering the latitude longitude and elevation of the position See Creating Waypoints After you have selected an icon for GP S 2 d C A P 154P this waypoint use the ARROW or SAVE POS DO ALPHANUMERIC keys to enter the name that will be associated 34 1100N 119 4302W with this waypoint This name will 900 FT be used to distinguish this waypoint from others you will create NAV PLOT GOTO AUX When done press ENTER That C GP 2 S d A P 154P position has now been saved as SAVE POS DOCK your first waypoint with the name 34 1100N you have assigned You are now 119 4302W returned to the last viewed NAV or 900 FT PLOT screen 0154P02SEP97 NAV PLOT GOTO AUX24 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Creating a GOTO In this section you will create a GOTO route to the waypoint that you just created A GOTO is a direct line from your current position to any waypoint you have saved in memory To create a GOTO to the waypoint you just created press the GOTO softkey This will bring up the GOTO screen where you will use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the waypoint you just saved and press ENTER You have now created a GOTO to the landmark named DOCK setup in the preceding section Your GSC 100 returns to the last viewed NAV screen and immediately begins computing the information you need to get to DOCK no matter where you are As you travel towards that position you will see the information on the NAV1 and NAV2 screens showing you your distance from that position It is necessary to have a current position fix in order for the receiver to compute navigation information If you do not have a position fix the navigation information will be displayed with dashes until a position fix is acquired Navigating with the GSC 100 The GSC 100 has six different screens that provide you with information that you can use to navigate by The POSITION NAV 1 NAV 2 POINTER PLOTTER and ROAD screens Press the NAV softkey and use the UPDOWN ARROWs to cycle through the three screens showing navigation information If you press the PLOT softkey and use the UP DOWN ARROWs you will be able to cycle through an additional three screens that graphically direct you towards your desired GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 25REFERENCE This section explains the various functions of your receiver as used in both the ORBCOMM and GPS modes and is organized in this order Functions are listed in order of usage and are accompanied by screen and keystroke Usage The GSC 100 is used as an ORBCOMM Transceiver allowing you to create receive forward and delete GlobalGrams that are sent via ORBCOMM satellites from anywhere in the world In ORBCOMM mode GlobalGrams can be created and sent edited received forwarded copied replied to and deleted You will also be able to attach important GPS position information to the messages including the time and date It is also used as a GPS Receiver computing position fixes which are stored as named waypoints and used to create routes In GPS mode waypoints can be viewed edited and projected to create new waypoints or deleted Routes can be created activated deactivated reversed edited and cleared This section covers these and other functions which will enable you to take full advantage of your receivers dual the Receiver ON To turn the receiver ON press the POWER key If PWR the batteries are installed correctly or the external power is properly connected the Magellan Copyright and ORBCOMM screens will quickly flash on the screen followed by the MAIN MENU If these screens do not appear please check that the battery installation andor external power is properly connected and turned ON26 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Turning the Receiver OFF To turn the receiver OFF press the POWER key The POWER DOWN screen is displayed for five PWR seconds Pressing the POWER key again before the counter reaches 1 will cause the receiver to turn OFF immediately pressing any other key will stop the receiver from turning OFF Inputting Data The UPDOWN and LEFTRIGHT ARROWs have two functions depending on how the ARROW ICONS are displayed in the top right corner of the various screens next to the time Some screens use the UPDOWN and LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to access additional pages while on other screens they allow you to input data such as waypoint names or coordinates or to select menu items You will also be able to move the cursor within the text field while CREATING A MESSAGE The ARROW ICONS in the status line indicate which mode is currently being used Whenever there are additional screens to view from the one displayed the receiver shows UPDOWN ARROW icon in the upper right corner of the display Turning the Light ON and OFF To activate the display light press the LIGHT key To deactivate the display light press the LIGHT key again The receiver will indicate that the light is ON with a light bulb icon in the status line to the left of the arrow icons Use of the display light causes an increase in battery drain resulting in shorter battery life See the Specifications section of this manual for the approximate battery lifeMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 27The Main Menu Once the unit has scrolled through the startup screens the MAIN MENU will be displayed This is where you will access messaging functions GPS functions setup parameters or satellite status information These are accessed through the softkey options of MSGS GPS SETUP and SATS This screen also lists the next two ORBCOMM satellite passes as well as alerting you to the number of UNREAD and QUEUED messages Unread messages are GlobalGrams that have been received but not opened or read and are depicted by the envelope icon Queued messages are GlobalGrams that have been sent to the MAILBOX to be transmitted during the next available ORBCOMM satellite pass They are depicted by the mailbox with the flag in the up position icon You may also access the MAIN MENU from anywhere in the unit by pressing the HOME key Operating Mode Icon Current Time Status Bar GP S 1030A MAIN MENU ORBCOMM Satellite Schedule ORBCOMM SATS 0 8 11 P T O 0 8 1 6 P 0901P TO 0914P of Unread Messages UNREAD MSGS 0 QUEUED MSGS 0 MSGS GPS SETUP SATS of Messages awaiting transmission Messaging Functions GPSNavigating Functions Setup Parameters Satellite Status Additional ORBCOMM satellite pass times can be found on the ORBCOMM SAT STATUS screen To access this screen please refer to VIEWING ORBCOMM SAT STATUS SCREN located in the ADDITIONAL FEATURES section of this manual28 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator System SYS Modes This section outlines the different modes of operation used in the GSC 100 There are three system or operating modes AUTO MODE GPS MODE and ORBCOMM MODE GPS Mode The GPS mode should be engaged when the NMEA port is in use for external marine products or an autopilot where a constantly updated position fix is necessary All other GPS functions can be utilized while in the AUTO mode The unit will not transmit or receive messages while in this mode In GPS mode if your receiver is not communicating with a GPS satellite and your time and postion coordinates are incorrect your ORBCOMM satellite pass schedule will be inaccurate ORBCOMM Mode When in the ORBCOMM mode your receiver will continuously listen for ORBCOMM satellites regardless of the satellite schedule ORBCOMM mode should be used when it is imperative that you are able to send or receive GlobalGrams If there is a scheduled pass at a certain time and you have a GlobalGram you need to send or a GlobalGram you are expecting to receive you would engage the ORBCOMM mode to ensure delivery or receipt of these messages While in ORBCOMM mode position information and satellite schedule are based on the last calculated satellite fix GPS or AUTO modes need to be engaged to continuously update the position of your receiver AUTO Mode The AUTO mode is the default operational mode as well as the recommended mode of operation In AUTO mode if you do not have any GlobalGrams queued or are not requesting messages the unit will operate in GPS mode If an ORBCOMM satellite comes into view and you have a GlobalGram queued or haveMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 29 activated the request messages function the GSC 100 will automatically switch to ORBCOMM mode perform the necessary functions then switch back to the GPS mode after complete or when the ORBCOMM satellite is no longer in view The mode icon will change between current operational modes as operation dictates You will be able to use the ORBCOMM functions and still allow the unit to update important position information needed to generate ORBCOMM satellite schedules Conversely in AUTO mode if your receiver is not communicating with a GPS satellite and your time and postion coordinates are incorrect your ORBCOMM satellite pass schedule will be Operations This section aids in the setup and operation of the Messaging portion of your GSC 100Selecting ORBCOMM Mode Although it is recommended that you operate your GSC 100 in AUTO mode there are times when you will need to operate solely in ORBCOMM mode To select ORBCOMM mode complete the following steps While in the MAIN MENU press 1026A the MNU key This brings up a MAIN MENU popup menu with the options of C HECK M ORBCOMM SGS SATS CONTRAST and SYS MODE 0 8M 01A I L0 10 P B T0OX O 00 8 0n M 16P 0 9C 0 O1N P TT ROAS09T 1 4 P Using the UPDOWN ARROWs UNREAD MSGS 0 S YS MO DE highlight SYS MODE and press QUEUED MSGS 0 ENTER MSGS GPS SETUP SATS30 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator You are now at the SYSTEM 1028A MODE screen where you will use SYSTEM MODE AUTO MODE the UPDOWN ARROWs to GPS MODE highlight ORBCOMM MODE and ORBCOMM MODE press ENTER GP This activates the ORBCOMM S 1030A MAIN MENU Mode and returns you to the MAIN ORBCOMM SATS MENU with the ORBCOMM 0 8 11 P T O 0 8 1 6 P identifier in the status bar You can 0901P TO 0914P now transmit and receive UNREAD MSGS 0 GlobalGrams while outdoors away QUEUED MSGS 0 from any obstructions during an MSGS GPS SETUP SATS ORBCOMM satellite pass Initialization If not already done in the activation process the final step to begin using your GSC 100 messaging functions is to choose your Preferred Gateway Control Center The GCC will be responsible for routing your messages through ORBCOMM as well as billing issues Entering the ID of the GCC that you will be using ensures that your messages will automatically be routed through that GCC then forwarded through ORBCOMM The GSC 100 will default to the US GCC which is 001 It is recommended that you complete the following procedures to make sure that 001 is the GCC chosen For users registering outside the US check with your service provider to obtain the correct GCC ID Additional information is contained in the Activation GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 31Preferred Gateway Control Center GCC This function allows you to input the Primary GCC that you will be registered with to send and receive GlobalGrams From the MAIN MENU proceed to OR B 1031A the SETUP MENU by pressing the ORBCOMM SETUP GCC ID SETUP softkey Using the UP DEFAULT CHAR DOWN ARROWs highlight FONT SIZE ORBCOMM SETUP and press DISPLAY CHARS AUTO MSG CHEK ENTER This will bring you to the ORBCOMM SETUP MENU where you will highlight GCC ID and press ENTER You will now be at the OR B A L T 1033A PREFERRED GCC screen where PREFERRED GCC you will enter the ID of the Gateway Control Center that you ENTER GCC ID 001 will be utilizing The GCC ID for the US is 001 After inputting the ID of your choice press ENTER which brings up a screen alerting OR B 1034A you that to update the unit with the PREFERRED GCC GCC ID you have just entered the PRESS ENT TO ACTIVATE unit will reboot Press ENTER to GCC ID continue or ESC to cancel the SYSTEM WILL REBOOT action and return to the previous screen ESC TO CANCEL If you clear your GSC 100s memory or perform a hardware reset the unit will not be reset to a default GCC ID The last ID you entered will remain as the PREFERRED GCC ID32 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Default Characters This function allows you to choose the default character set that will be used when inputting information and creating GlobalGrams You will have the choice of upper or lower case with the initial factory setting being upper case When creating a GlobalGram you can use the CAPS key to switch between UPPER and LOWER case letters Access the ORBCOMM SETUP OR B 1036A MENU by pressing the SETUP D E F AU LT C H A R UPPER CASE softkey from the MAIN MENU and LOWER CASE use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight DEFAULT CHAR and press ENTER You will now be at the DEFAULT CHAR screen where you will use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight either UPPER CASE or LOWER CASE When you have highlighted the setting of your choice press ENTER which will return you to the ORBCOMM SETUP MENU Font Size This option allows you to select the font size that will be used to display data on various messaging screens The options available are small medium and large OR 1039A Access the ORBCOMM SETUP B FONT SIZE MENU by pressing the SETUP LARGE FONT softkey from the MAIN MENU use MEDIUM FONT the UPDOWN ARROWs to SMALL FONT highlight FONT SIZE and press ENTER This will bring you to the FONT SIZE screen where you will have the options of small medium and large Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the size you prefer and press ENTER returning you to the ORBCOMM SETUP MENUMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 33Display Characters Setting This setting allows you to view the spaces and carriage returns that are present in messages that you are sending or have received Because messaging costs are based on the number of characters this feature allows you to see exactly how many characters are being used in a message Spaces are represented by dots in the middle of line while carriage returns are represented by a paragraph symbol By accessing the DISPLAY CHARS feature you are able to SHOW CHARS or HIDE CHARS By selecting HIDE CHARS which is the default setting your unit will not display the spaces or carriage returns while you are creating editing or viewing a message When you select SHOW CHARS your unit will show the spaces and carriage returns when you are creating editing or viewing a message OR Access the ORBCOMM SETUP B 1041A DISPLAY CHARS MENU by pressing the SETUP SHOW CHARS softkey from the MAIN MENU and HIDE CHARS use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight DISPLAY CHARS and press ENTER You will be brought to the DISPLAY CHARS screen where you will use the UP DOWN ARROWs to highlight either SHOW CHARS or HIDE OR C B A 149P CHARS When you have TEXT P highlighted the desired setting The meeting is now press ENTER This will accept the 9AM in Room 4 setting you have chosen and return Ill call you if it you to the ORBCOMM SETUP changes MENU with the next line TO SAVE SEND highlighted34 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Auto Message Check This feature allows you to set your GSC 100 to automatically check for GlobalGrams at specified intervals You can access the AUTO MSG CHEK screen and choose from a menu of interval times to have the unit automatically check for received messages From the MAIN MENU press the OR B 1041A softkey corresponding to SETUP ORBCOMM SETUP GCC ID Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to DEFAULT CHAR highlight ORBCOMM SETUP and FONT SIZE press ENTER This brings you to DISPLAY CHARS AUTO MSG CHEK the ORBCOMM SETUP MENU where you will highlight AUTO MSG CHEK and press ENTER You will now be at the AUTO MSG OR B 1042A CHEK screen where you will have A U T O MS G C H E K the following message checking OFF interval options OFF 1 HOUR 2 1 HOUR 2 HOURS HOURS 4 HOURS 8 HOURS and 4 HOURS 24 HOURS Using the UPDOWN 8 HOURS ARROWs highlight the interval of 24 HOURS your choice and press ENTER The unit will automatically check for messages during the ORBCOMM satellite pass closest to the frequency specified regardless of the operation you are performing at that time as long as you are in AUTO or ORBCOMM Mode The GSC 100 must have a clear view of the sky in order to globalgrams from an ORBCOMM GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 35Address Book The address book accessed from the MESSAGE LIST allows you to store frequently used addresses as well as speed dial addresses It saves you time when creating a GlobalGram by allowing you to choose an address from a preset list that you have already created You are able to save up to onehundred and fifty 150 addresses in the unit and eight speed dial addresses at the GCC during activation You are able to view edit create and delete addresses while working in the address book Addresses that are preceded by a number alert you that they are speed dial addresses stored at the Gateway Control Center and cannot be edited from your unit To access the ADDRESS BOOK you will press the MSGS softkey from the MAIN MENU You will then press the ADBK softkey Addresses are listed alphabetically by the nickname you have given them You will be able to locate a nickname very quickly by pressing the alphanumeric key of the first letter of the nickname desired In the event that there are no nicknames associated with the letter chosen the nickname beginning with the next alphabetic character will be displayed The UPDOWN ARROWs allow OR B C A P 1221P you to move through the list one Don Smith address at a time while the LEFT 1 SPEED DIAL 1 2 SPEED DIAL 2 RIGHT ARROWs allow you to 3 SPEED DIAL 3 page through the list until the final 4 SPEED DIAL 4 address is highlighted Pressing the 5 SPEED DIAL 5 ESC key from the address list will SELCT DESEL SAVE return you to the MESSAGE LISTViewing an Address This allows you to view the address and name associated with the nickname listed in the address book36 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To view an address proceed from the MESSAGE LIST to the ADDRESS BOOK by pressing the ADBK softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the address to view and press ENTER This will bring up a screen showing all the information associated with that particular address If the address is too long for the screen use the UPDOWN ARROWs to scroll down and view the whole address You will have the softkey options OR B C A P1055A of NEW EDIT or DEL Press the NAME softkey corresponding to the option DonSmith you wish to choose If you want to exit without using these options ADDRESS dsmithaolcom press the ESC key and you will be returned to the address book with NEW EDIT DEL the address you just viewed highlighted Creating a New Address This function allows you to input a new address into your address book using a nickname as the identifier Access the ADDRESS BOOK by OR B C A P 1110A pressing the ADBK softkey from NAME the MESSAGE LIST and press the DON NEW softkey You will be prompted for a nickname for the address you are about to enter This nickname can be a maximum ADRS SAVE of twenty 20 characters in length although only fourteen 14 OR C B A P 1112A characters will be visible in the ADDRESS ADDRESS LIST Use the donsmithaol ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to enter the nickname and then press the ADRS softkey to enter the address for this nickname using the NAME SAVE ALPHANUMERIC KEYSMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 37 Once the address has been entered press the SAVE softkey This will save that address under the nickname you specified You are then brought back to the ADDRESS BOOK with the address you just entered highlighted When a GlobalGram is created using an address from the ADDRESS BOOK the nickname is displayed not the actual address However when transmitted to the satellite the message is sent to the nicknames actual email address The nickname is provided to help you quickly recognize addresses that you use more frequently than othersEditing an Address This allows you to edit an existing address you have stored in the unit To EDIT an existing address OR B C A P 1113A access the ADDRESS BOOK by DON 1 SPEED DIAL 1 pressing the ADBK softkey from 2 SPEED DIAL 2 the MESSAGE LIST Use the UP 3 SPEED DIAL 3 DOWN ARROWs to highlight the 4 SPEED DIAL 4 address to edit and press the EDIT 5 SPEED DIAL 5 softkey Use the NEW EDIT MSGS DEL ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to OR 1202P change the address If you begin to B ATTENTION edit an address but need to exit ADDRESS NOT SAVED during the operation press the ESC key Selecting YES will save the new address changes Selecting NO will undo the changes and SAVE ADDRESS YES NO retain the original an Address This function allows you to delete an existing address from the ADDRESS BOOK You cannot delete a speed dial address because it is stored at the GCC38 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator From the ADDRESS BOOK use OR B 1207P the UPDOWN ARROWs to ATTENTION DELETE ADDRESS highlight the address you wish to DON delete Press the DEL softkey at which time you will be prompted to confirm your wish to delete this address YES NO If you press the YES softkey the address will be deleted and you will be brought back to the ADDRESS BOOK with the next address in the list highlighted Pressing the NO softkey returns you to the ADDRESS BOOK with the address you were going to delete highlighted Capturing an Address The CAPAD feature allows you to retain addresses from received GlobalGrams for storage in your ADDRESS BOOK It is available as a softkey option when you are reading incoming GlobalGrams When you select this function the receiver will compare the addresses contained in the received message to those contained in the ADDRESS BOOK If there are no matches then the receiver will list those addresses as new to your ADDRESS BOOK You then have the option to save them to your ADDRESS BOOK When reading an incoming email OR B C A P 1253P address press the CAPAD softkey CAPTURE ADRS jsmithaolcom This brings up the CAPTURE ADRS screen showing the address or addresses to be captured You will have the softkey option to SELCT the address SELCTMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 39 OR C When you press the SELCT B 1251P A P softkey you are brought to the NAME NAME screen where you will enter the nickname for this new address You will have the softkey options of ADRS and SAVE allowing you to see the address again or save the ADRS SAVE nickname If there is more than one address contained in an incoming email carbon copy as well as sender you will be brought back to CAPTURE ADRS screen to view the additional address If you do not wish to save the additional address press the ESC key which will bring you back to the messageGCC Addresses Speed Dial Addresses that are used most OR B C A P 1045A frequently can be stored at the Don Smith 1 SPEED DIAL 1 Gateway Control Center They are 2 SPEED DIAL 2 listed in your unit as Speed Dial 3 SPEED DIAL 3 addresses and identified by nicknames 4 SPEED DIAL 4 that you give them During the 5 SPEED DIAL 5 activaton process you can assign a list NEW EDIT MSGS DEL of addresses to be store at the GCC for use in STORE FWD GlobalGrams You can only send a STORE FWD GlobalGram to a speed dial address Sending to a speed dial address saves you on the number of characters transmitted with the message Since the speed dial address is only one character you will only be charged for that one character instead of the whole address When you send the list to your GCC you must remember that the order in which they are listed is important If your wife is listed at the GCC as being the 1 speed dial address then your unit should reflect your wifes name or nickname in the 1 speed dial position The reason for this is that when you choose a speed dial address as the recipient only the number is sent to the GCC When the GCC receives the GlobalGram they route it to the address associated with the speed dial number you used40 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Messages This section outlines the various functions associated with sending and receiving GlobalGrams with your GSC 100 Requesting Message Check Since your incoming GlobalGrams are stored at ORBCOMM until you request them you must first request your unit to CHECK MESSAGES Your GSC 100 will send all queued messages prior to checking for any incoming messages You must have a clear view of the sky with the unit held away from your body and the ORBCOMM antenna fully extended Your unit must be in either AUTO or ORBCOMM mode to transmit GlobalGrams From the MAIN MENU press the OR B 1250P MSGS softkey This brings you to Flight Informa C MH eeEtCinKg Mch SaG nS ge the MESSAGE LIST where you will M A I L B O X n press the MNU key A popup B0o0at0 K0e y0s 0M C LaOt N eT AR A rr Sa iv Tl menu appears with the options of S Y S M O D E Rental Car CHECK MSGS MAILBOX Party Arrangem CONTRAST and SYS MODE NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to OR B 1250P highlight CHECK MSGS and press Flight Informa ENTER A check icon is now Meeting change present at the top left corner of the Boat Keys screen alerting you that a request Late Arrival to CHECK MSGS was sent That Rental Car check icon remains present until Party Arrangem NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL the satellite sends a message to your unit either confirming by sending the messages or denying by sending a NO MESSAGES message the presence of messages When an ORBCOMM satellite comes into view your GSC 100 sends a request to the satellite for any messages that are waiting for youMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 41 When you are receiving a GlobalGram from a satellite a double arrow icon will be displayed at the top of your screen This alerts you that your GSC 100 is communicating with a Icons While sending and receiving GlobalGrams there are icons that will be displayed in the status bar at the top of your GSC 100s screen For a complete description of all icons that are available refer to the ICONS appendix located at the back of this manual C A P CAPS Appears when the keypad is active and capital letters are being used A L T ALT The keypad is active and the ALT function is engaged This signifies that the alternate secondary character mode is active and the characters listed in the upper right corner of the alphanumeric keys are now active Page Appears next to messages that have been saved but not sent Envelope Appears when you have an unread GlobalGram in the MESSAGE LIST This icon is also shown next to the actual GlobalGram in the MESSAGE LIST alerting you that this message is unread Open Envelope Appears next to GlobalGrams that you have already opened and read Envelope and Check Appears after you execute the check message function and there are unread GlobalGrams in the unit Check Appears after you have executed the check messages function It disappears after the unit has checked for messages Mailbox with Flag Up Appears when there are GlobalGrams present in the mailbox to be sent at the next satellite pass The flag on the side of the mailbox is in the UP position alerting you that mail is present42 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Mailbox with Flag Down Appears next to GlobalGrams that have been sent OR ORBCOMM Mode Displayed when the unit is operating B in the ORBCOMM mode GP S GPS Mode Appears when the unit is operating in the GPS mode Satellite Appears in the status bar when ORBCOMM satellites are in view It appears during the times listed on the ORBCOMM satellite schedule Double Arrow When you are outdoors transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite you will see this icon appear in the status bar It alerts you that the unit is in communication with a satellite and your available message option is STANDARD Broken Double Arrow This icon appears in the status bar when your unit is transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite but that satellite is not transmitting to a Ground Earth Station It alerts you that your only available message option is STORE FWD Down Arrow Displayed while the unit is listening to an ORBCOMM satellite but not yet transmitting Broken Down Arrow Displayed while the unit is listening to an ORBCOMM satellite but not transmitting and the only available GlobalGram type is STORE FWD Viewing Received GlobalGrams When GlobalGrams are received you will have the ability to view them from the MESSAGE LIST GlobalGrams appear in the order in which they were received with newer messages appearing at the top of the list After the icon for the message the first fourteen 14 characters of the subject will be listed When there is a received message that hasnt been read an envelope will appear in the icon bar at the top of the screen This alerts you that there is an unread message in the MESSAGE LISTMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 43 Any attachments to incoming GlobalGrams will be stripped out prior to receipt On the MESSAGE LIST unread messages will be designated by a closed envelope icon GlobalGrams that have already been read but not deleted will be designated by an open envelope icon Received GlobalGrams will display the sender carbon copy cc recipients subject and text To view a GlobalGram access the OR B 1245P MESSAGE LIST from the MAIN Flight Informa MENU by pressing the MSGS Meeting change Boat Keys softkey Use the UPDOWN Late Arrival ARROWs to highlight the message Rental Car to be viewed and press ENTER Party Arrangem When the message appears on the NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL screen the subject and text fields are shown with the arrow keypad OR B 152P icon in the icon bar This alerts you that you can use the keypad to SUBJECT FLIGHT INFORMATION scroll through the message to see the sender the cc recipients and TEXT MY FLIGHT any portion of the message that HAS CHANGED AGAIN I ARRIVE AT isnt visible Within the message REPLY FWD CAPAD DEL you will have the softkey options for the following functions REPLY to reply to this GlobalGram FWD to forward the GlobalGram CAPAD to capture the address of the sender and DEL to delete the GlobalGram If you press the ESC key from this screen you will be returned to the MESSAGE LIST with the message highlighted and an open envelope icon next to it Also the envelope icon at the top of the screen has now disappeared reflecting that there are no unread GlobalGrams When there are no GlobalGrams in the MESSAGE LIST the unit will read NO MESSAGES PRESS NEW TO CREATE A MESSAGE44 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Creating a GlobalGram There are several instances when a GlobalGram will be created such as when the NEW softkey is pressed from the MESSAGE LIST when you forward a GlobalGram or when you reply to a received GlobalGram GlobalGrams are divided into two types STANDARD and STORE FWD Message Type No of Recipients Subject Field Text Field Icon Displayed 1 None 229 STORE FWD Speed Dial Address Only SF Timestamp Characters Maximum 7 79 2000 STANDARD Primary CC Combined Characters Maximum Characters Maximum STANDARD GlobalGrams will consist of recipients a subject and text The recipients will be divided into primary and carbon copy recipients with a total number of seven recipients allowed primary and carbon copy combined Each message must have at least one primary recipient The subject of the message will have a maximum length of 79 characters and the text message will have a maximum length of 2000 characters A STANDARD GlobalGram can only be transmitted when you are in communication with an ORBCOMM satellite and that satellite is in communication with an ORBCOMM Ground Earth Station GES When the double arrow icon is present in the status bar on the top of the screen it alerts you that you are in communication with both an ORBCOMM satellite and a GES making it possible to transmit a STANDARD GlobalGram STORE FWD GlobalGrams consist of only one recipient and text where the recipient must be one of the speed dial addresses preregistered at the GCC The STORE FWD text is restricted to 229 characters If you create a STORE FWD but dont have any addresses stored at the GCC the message will not be delivered Conversely when the broken double arrow icon is displayed it alerts you that you are in communication with an ORBCOMM satellite but the satellite is not in contact with a GES and your message option is STORE FWD onlyMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 45 Any time a GlobalGram is created the unit will prompt you for the type of GlobalGram to create The picture below depicts the transmission states associated with each type of globalgram The procedures for creating GlobalGrams are contained in the next two sections ORBCOMM satellite in contact with a GES STANDARD GlobalGram ORBCOMM satellite stores GlobalGram until it is in contact with a GES STORE FWD GlobalGram46 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Sending Standard GlobalGrams STANDARD GlobalGrams are the most commonly used GlobalGrams These are sent when the ORBCOMM satellite you are currently in communication with is also in contact with an ORBCOMM Ground Earth Station If this condition is not true indicated by the broken double arrow icon then you need to send a STORE FWD GlobalGram If you know that you will not be in conact with a GES then send a STORE FWD Refer to wwworbcommcom for an updated list of coverage areas To send a STANDARD OR B 107P GlobalGram press the MSGS M E S S A G E T Y P E softkey from the MAIN MENU STORE FWD This brings up the MESSAGE LIST STANDARD where you press the NEW softkey At this point you will be prompted to select the type of GlobalGram to send Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight OR B C A P 109P STANDARD and press ENTER TO You are now at the TO screen DONSMITHAOLCO M where you will enter the primary recipients of this message As was stated earlier you may only have a total of seven recipients for any CC ADBK SAVE SEND message primary and carbon copy recipients combined Use the OR B C A P 111P ADDRESS BOOK for stored CC TO addresses or speed dial addresses or manually enter the address of the recipients of this message using the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS and press the SAVE softkey When SUBJ ADBK SAVE SEND you have completed this press the CC softkey and enter the carbon copy recipients the same way as was done with the primary GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 47 When you are done entering the CC OR B C A P 113P address press the SUBJ softkey SUBJECT which will bring you to the SUBJECT screen where you will enter the subject of the message Use the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to enter the subject You TEXT SAVE SEND will have the ability to enter up to seventynine 79 characters in the SUBJECT field You can use this as the text field if your message is within the limit You will have the softkey options to SAVE SEND or TEXT to continue to the text portion of the message Pressing the SEND softkey will accept the current entries and send the message to the MESSAGE LIST with the mailbox icon next to it The message is also sent to the MAILBOX for delivery Pressing C OR A 115P the TEXT softkey brings you to B P TEXT the TEXT screen where you will use the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to enter the text or body of the message You will have the ability to enter up to twothousand 2000 TO SAVE SEND characters in the text field The softkey options available are TO SAVE and SEND Pressing the softkey corresponding to TO will bring you back to the TO screen allowing you to amend the primary recipients of the message When you press the SAVE softkey the message will be saved and you will be brought to the MESSAGE LIST with that message highlighted and the page icon next to it48 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator When you press the SEND softkey you will be brought to the MESSAGE LIST with this message highlighted and a mailbox icon next to it This signifies that the message has been saved and sent to the MAILBOX where at the next transmission will be sent to the GES and then on to the addresses listed Sending STORE FWD Globalgrams STORE FWD GlobalGrams are used when you are in communication with a satellite but that satellite is not in contact with the GES When a STORE FWD GlobalGram is sent it is stored in that satellites memory until it is again in contact with a GES To alert you that the satellite is not in contact with a GES a broken double arrow icon is displayed in the status bar When this is present the only available GlobalGram type will be a STORE FWD STORE FWD GlobalGrams can only be sent to recipients who you registered during activation as speed dial addresses at your preferred GCC If you send a STORE FWD to a speed dial address that you have not registered the GlobalGram will be sent but will never be delivered since there is no associated address on file at the GCC You will not be able to enter a STORE FWD recipient by way of the alphanumeric keys OR B 130P From the MAIN MENU press the MESSAGE TYPE MSGS softkey This brings up the MESSAGE LIST where you press STORE FWD the NEW softkey You will be STANDARD prompted to select the type of GlobalGram to send If your GSC 100 is in communication with an ORBCOMM satellite but not in communication with your a GES the broken double arrow icon will be displayed alerting you that you will only be able to transmit a STORE FWD GlobalGram Highlight STORE FWD and press ENTERMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 49 At this point you will be prompted OR B C A P 132P in the TO screen to PRESS ADBK TO TO SELECT RECIPIENT After PRESS ADBK TO SELECT pressing the ADBK softkey use the RECIPIENT UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the speed dial address desired and press the DONE softkey This TEXT ADBK SAVE SEND returns you to the TO screen Since you can only have one recipient and text in a STORE FWD GlobalGram press the TEXT softkey You will now be at the TEXT C OR B A P 135P screen where you will use the TEXT ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to enter your message The unit will not allow you to enter more than the available limit of 229 The softkey options of TO SAVE or TO SAVE SEND SEND are now available When you press the TO softkey you are brought back to the TO screen where you will be able to change the primary recipient of this message If you wish to change the recipient press the ADBK softkey You are brought back to the ADDRESS BOOK where you will be able to choose a new recipient Press the SAVE softkey to be returned to the TO screen with the new recipient listed If you need to edit the message press the TEXT softkey If everything is correct and you are ready to send the message press the SEND softkey If you are done with the message but do not wish to send it yet you can press the SAVE softkey to save it to the MESSAGE LIST to send at a later time You will be brought back to the MESSAGE LIST with the message highlighted and a page icon to the left The subject of the message shown on the MESSAGE LIST will have the subject being SF for STORE 50 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator FWD plus the time the message was created When you are ready to send access the MESSAGE LIST highlight the STORE FWD GlobalGram and press ENTER This opens up the message and gives you the softkey options of EDIT COPY SEND and DEL Press the SEND softkey You will be brought back to the MESSAGE LIST with the STORE FWD GlobalGram highlighted and a mailbox icon with the flag in the up position to the left of the message This icon alerts you that the message has been sent to the message queue or MAILBOX and will be sent during the next satellite pass while you are transmitting The maximum number of STORE FWD GlobalGrams that can be transmitted during one satellite pass is sixteen 16 Sending a GlobalGram to a GSC 100 When sending a message to a GSC 100 the sender will have to adhere to the character limits specified for sending either a STANDARD or STORE FWD GlobalGram For a STANDARD GlobalGram the subject will have a maximum length of 79 characters and the text message will have a maximum length of 2000 characters All other entries will be the same as if you were sending to any other internet address Your message will be transmitted to the GSC 100 when it is next in communication with an ORBCOMM satellite For additional assistance on sending STORE FWD GlobalGrams see the following website wwworbcommcom globalgram When the pcuser knows that the GSC 100 user will not be in communication with a Ground Earth Station then they will send a STORE FWD GlobalGram When sending a STORE FWD from a pc the subject field must contain the following phrase GlobalGram SATXX The XX represents the satellite identification number that the pcuser will send this STORE FWD to for transmission As more satellites become GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 51 there will be more ids to choose from For the satellite id the user will insert a number from 1 to 12 in place of the XX The character limits for the text of the message will be 182Selecting Recipients from the Address Book This allows you to choose an address stored or speed dial from the list in the ADDRESS BOOK which saves you time when composing a GlobalGram When composing a GlobalGram in OR B C 1221P A P the TO screen press the ADBK Don Smith softkey This will bring up the 1 SPEED DIAL 1 2 SPEED DIAL 2 ADDRESS BOOK listing all of the 3 SPEED DIAL 3 addresses that you have saved in 4 SPEED DIAL 4 the unit Either enter the first letter 5 SPEED DIAL 5 of the nickname or use the UP SELCT DESEL DONE DOWN ARROWs to scroll or page down to the address you wish to use You may also send to a speed dial address to save time and character spaces When you have highlighted the address to be inserted into the GlobalGram either press ENTER or the SELCT softkey This will put a check mark next to that address letting you know that it has been selected To return to the message while OR B C A P 1219P keeping the address you have TO selected press the DONE softkey Don Smith returning you to the TO screen If you have made an error and need to deselect the address you can either press the ENTER key again or CC ADBK SAVE SEND press the DESEL softkey Pressing ESCAPE brings you out of the ADDRESS BOOK screen and back to the message without saving the address to the message52 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Inserting Symbols Characters into GlobalGrams When creating a GlobalGram it is sometimes necessary to include symbols Many symbols can be accessed through the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS using the ALT mode and pressing the desired key while an extended list can be found in the SYMBOLS MENU There are two ways to insert a symbol A OR While in the message press the B L T 145P TEXT ALT key and then press the The meeting is now ALPHANUMERIC KEY that has the symbol you need ENTER This will insert the symbol at the cursor point TO SAVE SEND C OR A 147P If the symbol you need is not B P TEXT located on the alphanumeric keys CHECK MSGS The meeting is now you may access an extended list of MAILBOX CONTRAST symbols in the SYMBOLS MENU SYS MODE While in the message press the INSERT SYM MNU key to bring up a popup TO SAVE SEND menu listing additional options C OR 148P Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to A B P TEXT highlight INSERT SYM and press CHEC K MSGS The meeting PO S TIMEis now DATE ENTER This brings you to the M AILB OX CON TR A ST SYMBOLS MENU where you will SYS MOD E use the UPDOWN ARROWs to I NSER T SYM highlight the symbol needed and TO SAVE SEND then press ENTER This inserts the symbol at the cursor point You may also access the SYMBOLS MENU by pressing the ALT key and then the SYM key which will bring up the popup SYMBOLS MENU where you will use the same keystrokes as were just discussed Within the SYMBOLS MENU there is also an option to include the TIME DATE or POS into your GlobalGram The POS information is your GPS calculated GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 53Viewing Created GlobalGrams You have the ability to view GlobalGrams that you have created and sent from your GSC 100 When you create a GlobalGram and save it without sending the message is stored in the MESSAGE LIST with the page icon next to it When you send the message the icon changes to the mailbox icon with the flag in the up position After the message is sent it appears in the MESSAGE LIST with the mailbox icon with the flag in the down position The message is also sent to the MAILBOX where it is listed by subject without any icons next to it To view any of the above created OR B 1250P messages access the MESSAGE Flight Informa LIST by pressing the MSGS Meeting change Boat Keys softkey from the MAIN MENU Late Arrival Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to Rental Car highlight the message you wish to Party Arrangem view and press ENTER You are NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL brought to the MESSAGE VIEW screen where you can use the UP DOWN ARROWs to scroll through the message seeing all of the information it contains You OR B 1252P will also have the softkey options of EDIT COPY SEND and DEL SUBJECT Meeting To escape and return to the Change MESSAGE LIST press the TEXT The meeting ESCAPE key You will be has changed It returned to the MESSAGE LIST will be moved to EDIT COPY SEND DEL with the message highlighted54 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Accessing the Mailbox When a GlobalGram is sent it not only is listed on the MESSAGE LIST but is sent to the MAILBOX to be transmitted at the next available ORBCOMM satellite pass This screen allows you to view the messages that have been sent to the MAILBOX From the MAIN MENU press the OR B 1250P MNU key A popup menu appears Flight Informa C MHeeEtC inKg Mch SaG nSge with the options of CHECK MSGS M A I L B O X n MAILBOX CONTRAST and SYS B0o 0 at0 K0e y0s 0M C LaOt N eT AR A rr Sa iv Tl MODE Use the UPDOWN S Y S M O D E Rental Car ARROWs to highlight MAILBOX Party Arrangem and press ENTER NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL OR You are now at the MAILBOX B 1136A MAILBOX where you can view the messages Meeting change that are ready to be sent There are Late Arrival no icons listed next to the messages ST 105243A in this screen since they are all SF 112255A awaiting transmission Within the MAILBOX you have the softkey DEL option to DEL the highlighted message If you choose to delete the message it isnt deleted from the unit it is just removed from the MAILBOX The message will still be listed on the MESSAGE LIST but it will now have the page icon next to it instead of the mailbox with the flag in the up position icon To exit out of the MAILBOX without deleting press the ESC key to back out one level at a time or the HOME key to return to the MAIN MENUMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 55Editing a GlobalGram This feature enables you to edit a GlobalGram you created prior to sending it to the specified recipients Since GlobalGrams may be stored in the MAILBOX until the next ORBCOMM satellite transmission they may change or need to be edited A GlobalGram can only be edited when it is taken out of the MAILBOX first If you try to edit the message while it is in the mailbox you will be prompted to take it out of the MAILBOX first Your response should be YES Access the MESSAGE LIST use the OR B 152P UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight SUBJECT FLIGHT the message to be edited and press INFORMATION ENTER This brings up all the information relating to that TEXT MY FLIGHT HAS CHANGED message CC TO SUBJ and AGAIN I ARRIVE AT TEXT You have four softkey EDIT COPY SEND DEL options while in this screen EDIT COPY SEND and DEL Press the OR softkey corresponding to EDIT B 153P ATTENTION If you have not removed the UNABLE TO EDIT GlobalGram from the MAILBOX MESSAGES IN THE MAILBOX then you will be prompted to remove the message before editing REMOVE Pressing the YES softkey brings BEFORE EDITING you to the TEXT SCREEN with the YES NO first character of the message highlighted At this point the OR C B A 154P procedures to edit are the same as TEXT P creating a GlobalGram When MY FLIGHT HAS finished editing press the SEND CHANGED AGAIN I ARRIVE AT 8PM softkey You will be brought back NOW MEET ME AT to the MESSAGE LIST with the THE AIRPORT message highlighted and the THANKS TO SAVE SEND mailbox icon next to it56 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To remove the message from the OR B 155P MESSAGE LIST prior to editing Flight Informa CHECK MSGS highlight the message and press the M eeting change MAILBOX B oat Keys CONTRAST MNU key which will bring up a LSYS MODE ate A rrival popup menu Use the UPDOWN Rental Car ARROWs to highlight MAILBOX Party Arrangem and press ENTER NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL OR You are now at the MAILBOX B 157P screen where you will be able to MAILBOX Meeting Change DELETE the message from the mailbox Press the softkey corresponding to DEL DEL Pressing the DEL key from the OR B 158P MAILBOX screen will not delete Flight Informa Meeting change the GlobalGram from the unit it Boat Keys will remove it from the mailbox Late Arrival and change the icon from a mailbox Rental Car icon to a page icon Your message Party Arrangem is now ready for editing NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL Copying a GlobalGram Since there is a limit of seven 7 recipients for any STANDARD GlobalGram primary and carboncopy combined this feature allows you to COPY GlobalGrams you have created omitting the recipients to additional groups of recipients without having to re enter the message This function will be the same as creating a GlobalGram although the subject and text fields will contain the information you had copied from the previous message STANDARD GlobalGrams will be copied to STANDARD GlobalGrams while STORE FWDs will be copied to STORE FWDsMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 57 To COPY a GlobalGram access the MESSAGE LIST by pressing the MSGS softkey from the MAIN MENU Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the message to be copied and press ENTER This allows you to view the message with the a softkey option to COPY Press the COPY softkey You are immediately brought to the TO screen where you will be able to enter the additional recipients using the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS or by pressing the ADBK softkey At this point you will use the same procedures as were used when CREATING A to a GlobalGram The REPLY feature allows you to respond to a received GlobalGram without having to enter either the TO or the SUBJ field You still have the ability to edit these fields as well as input carbon copy recipients When replying to a GlobalGram you are given the option of replying with a STORE FWD when the recipient matches one of the addresses stored at the GCC If this is the case the subject will be left out of the message and is replaced by SF time in the MESSAGE LIST When replying to a STANDARD GlobalGram with a STANDARD GlobalGram the subject field will contain the title Re subject where subject is the subject that was contained in the received message If the subject field on the received message was blank the reply will read Re none If the subject is greater than 76 characters the Re will appear at the beginning and the original subject will be shortened to fit the seventynine 79 character limit You can edit the subject of your reply message and if desired the response can appear in the subject field Pressing the REPLY softkey while C OR B A P 314P viewing the message brings you to TO donsmithflop the TO screen The address of the com recipient or previous sender will already be present Press the CC softkey and enter a carboncopy recipient if needed CC ADBK SAVE SEND58 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator After entering a carboncopy OR B C A P 316P recipient press the SUBJ softkey SUBJECT This will bring you to the ReMeeting Change SUBJECT screen with the subject from the previous message already inserted There will be a Re before the subject alerting the TEXT SAVE SEND recipient that it is a reply to the message they had sent you Press the TEXT softkey which will bring OR C B A 318P you to the TEXT screen where you TEXT P will type in your reply After DUE TO A FLIGHT typing in your reply press the DELAY I WILL BE UNABLE TO SEND softkey You are returned to ATTEND THE the MESSAGE LIST with your new MEETING ILL CALL WHEN I GET message highlighted and a mailbox TO SAVE SEND icon next to it Forwarding a GlobalGram The FWD feature allows you to forward a GlobalGram you receive to additional recipients The procedure for forwarding a GlobalGram is the same as when CREATING A GLOBALGRAM although the subject and text fields will contain the information contained in the original received message If the message is less than 229 characters and the forward recipient is prelisted as a speeddial address at the GCC then you will be able to send the message as a STORE FWD If you choose to send the message as a STORE FWD then the subject will be ignored and only the text will appear in the STORE FWD to be GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 59 When you are reading a received GP S 107P GlobalGram you will have a MESSAGE TYPE softkey option to FWD the STORE FWD GlobalGram Press the FWD STANDARD softkey This brings you to the MESSAGE TYPE screen where you will have the options of STORE FWD or STANDARD If the recipients is listed as a speeddial address at the GCC and you are not in contact with your preferred GCC then you will be able to send a STORE FWD Otherwise you will use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight STANDARD and press ENTER You will then be brought to the TO screen where you will enter the address of the person or people to receive this forwarded message Press the CC softkey enter any carbon copy recipients Continue to the SUBJECT screen OR B C A P 113P by pressing the SUBJ softkey SUBJECT FwdLATE There will be a FWD before the ARRIVAL subject alerting the recipient that it is a forwarded message You will then press the SEND softkey unless you wish to edit the TEXT SAVE SEND message to send this message to OR the specified recipient The B 117P Boat Keys forwarded GlobalGram is now sent Flight Informa to the MESSAGE LIST to be sent at Meeting Change the next transmission with a Boat Keys mailbox icon next to it and the FwdLATE ARRI subject field reflecting that the Rental Car NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL message is a FWD GlobalGram60 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Deleting a Message The DEL function allows you to delete any GlobalGrams from the unit created or received Once the message has been deleted you will not be able to retrieve it at any time To DELETE a GlobalGram access OR B 117P the MESSAGE LIST and highlight FWDBoat Keys the message to be deleted using the Flight Informa Meeting change UPDOWN ARROWs Press Boat Keys ENTER to access the message to LATE ARRIVAL be deleted and press the DEL Rental Car softkey Any time you attempt to NEW MSTAT ADBK DEL delete a GlobalGram you will be OR B 122P prompted to confirm this request ATTENTION This gives you the last minute DELETE MESSAGE LATE ARRIVAL option of not deleting the message Press the YES softkey to confirm the deletion YES NO If the message to be deleted has OR B 122P been SENT to the mailbox or is ATTENTION THIS MESSAGE IS awaiting acknowledgment then IN THE MAILBOX you will also be alerted to this and AND CAN NOT prompted to continue BE SENT IF DELETED DELETE MESSAGE YES NOMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 61Message Status The MSTAT feature allows you to view information regarding GlobalGrams you have created and received such as time and date created its size the time it was sent the time of transmission to an ORBCOMM satellite and the last acknowledgment received To access the status information for OR B 1031A a given GlobalGram you need to M S G ST A T U S CREATED access the MESSAGE LIST use the 101426A 10DEC97 UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight SIZE the desired message and press the 83 CHARACTERS SENT MSTAT softkey You are now 101541A brought to the MSG STATUS VIEW screen where the information regarding this GlobalGram is logged Since there is too much data to fit on one screen you will need to use the UPDOWN ARROWs to scroll through data not shown on the initial screen You will also have the softkey option to VIEW the message The time a message is sent is defined as the time that it was put in the mailbox to be transmitted on the next available satellite pass or the time you pressed the SEND softkey after creating the message Time of transmission is defined as the time at which the GlobalGram was transmitted to an ORBCOMM satellite from your receiver The time and date created is recorded when the message is saved and the file size is recorded in bytes and represents the total number of characters to be transmitted including the text subject and recipients Also the time and date the message was sent will be the time and date of the unit clock when the message is sent to the mailbox If you resend a GlobalGram then the previous status information will be updated with the current information62 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator GPS Operations This section aids in the setup and operation of the GPS portion of your GSC 100 Selecting GPS Mode Although it is recommended that you operate your GSC 100 in the AUTO mode there are times when you will need to operate solely in the GPS mode To select GPS mode complete the following steps While in the MAIN MENU press 1026A the MNU key to bring up a popup MAIN MENU C HECK M ORBCOMM SGS SATS menu You will have the options of 0 8M 01A I L0 10 P B T0OX O 08 0 0n16P CONTRAST and SYS MODE 0 9C 0 O1N P TT ROAS09 M T 1 4 P Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to UNREAD S YS MO MSGS DE 0 highlight SYS MODE and press QUEUED MSGS 0 ENTER This brings you to the MSGS GPS SETUP SATS SYS MODE screen where you will use the UPDOWN ARROWs to 1028A SYSTEM MODE highlight GPS MODE and then AUTO MODE press ENTER This activates the GPS MODE GPS Mode and returns you to the ORBCOMM MODE MAIN MENU with the GPS icon shown in the icon bar You can now operate your GPS functions without interference from GP 1030A ORBCOMM messaging From S MAIN MENU many of the subsequent screens ORBCOMM SATS both in GPS and ORBCOMM 0 8 11 P T O 0 8 1 6 P modes you will be able to change 0901P TO 0914P modes by pressing the MNU key UNREAD MSGS 0 and following the above QUEUED MSGS 0 MSGS GPS SETUP SATS GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 63GPS Icons During GPS operations the following icons will be displayed in the status bar For a complete list of icons refer to the ICONS appendix located at the back of this manual Arrow Key Provides a visual indication as to which arrow keys are active for the displayed screen There are different combinations of keys as shown Poor GQ Alert The geometric quality GQ of the satellite is poor Try to move away from any large obstructions that may be blocking reception of satellite signals 2 d 2D Displayed when the unit is calculating a two dimensional position fix using three satellites eg latitude and longitude 3 d 3D Displayed when the unit is calculating a three dimensional position fix using four satellites eg latitude longitude and elevation D Differential Indicates that the receiver is utilizing DGPS to compute position fixes Requires an additional Differential Beacon receiver to utilize DGPS Old Data The receiver has not updated position fixes for more than 15 seconds S Simulator Indicates that the receiver is in GPS simulation mode The simulator will stay active until the unit is turned off OR ORBCOMM Mode Displayed when the unit is operating B in the ORBCOMM mode GP S GPS Mode Displayed when the unit is operating in the GPS mode64 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator NAV Screens The three NAV screens accessible from pressing the NAV softkey are the POSITION NAV 1 and NAV 2 screens You may scroll through these screens using the NAV softkey or the UPDOWN ARROWs Press NAV until the POSITION screen is displayed Viewing the POSITION Screen The POSITION screen displays the coordinates and elevation of the current position in a larger format so that they may be easily viewed from a distance Once the unit calculates a position fix the word SEARCHING will be replaced by WGS84 WGS 84 represents the map datum that the unit has as its default Old Data Icon Mode GP S 1126A Current Time Designation LATLON Icon 34 0658N Latitude 117 4954W Longitude 900 FT Elevation Softkey SEARCHING Position Fix Status Designations NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Replaced by Map Datum when fix is obtained For a complete description of the GPS Icons refer to the chapter on ICONS located at the end of this manualMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 65Viewing the NAV 1 Screen Press the NAV softkey or the UPDOWN ARROWs until the NAV 1 screen appears showing BRG DST COG and SOG This screen provides you with information about your speed and direction of movement If a route is active the NAV 1 screen also tells you where you are in relation to the destination and courseline and displays the name of the destination waypoint of the active leg in the title bar Mode Designation Old Data Icons Current GP S 203P Current Time Destination TO FISH BRG DST Distance to Bearing to Destination Destination 202 192 m n m Speed Course Over 206m 217 kT Over Ground Ground COG SOG 10 n m XTE Scale Cross Track NAV PLOT GOTO AUX and Units Error XTE For a complete description of the GPS Icons refer to the chapter on ICONS located at the end of this manual The default fields include bearing BRG to the active waypoint distance DST course over ground COG and speed over ground SOG By using customize refer to Customizing the NAV Screens you may select VMG velocity made good SOA speed of approach STR steering CTS course to steer or a blank line See Customizing the Navigation ScreensViewing the NAV 2 Screen Press the NAV softkey or use the UPDOWN ARROWs to scroll to the NAV 2 screen The NAV 2 screen displays three additional information fields which can also be customized66 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Mode Designation Old Data Icons Current GP S 353P Current Time Destination TO FISH Bearing to Destination BRG 202 m Direction of Course COG 256 m Cross Track Over Ground Error n Cross XTE 1 2 3m NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Track Error For a complete description of the GPS Icons refer to the chapter on ICONS located at the end of this manual Information is displayed in a large format so that it may be easily viewed from a distance All of the fields can be customized Default fields include bearing BRG to the active waypoint course over ground COG and cross track error XTE By customizing you may select VMG velocity made good SOA speed of approach SOG speed over ground ETA estimated time of arrival TTG time to go DST distance XTE cross track error STR steering CTS course to steer or a blank line Cross track error XTE is displayed as a numeric value The arrow next to XTE indicates the direction of the error left or right of the course line Customizing the NAV Screens As previously mentioned NAV 1 and NAV 2 screens can be customized to display the data fields you find most convenient for navigation When you access these two screens for the first time the fields shown are the default choices The NAV 1 screen displays BRG DST COG and SOG fields while the NAV 2 screen displays BRG COG and XTE fields Available options include BRG Bearing to active waypoint DST Distance to the active waypoint SOG Speed Over GroundMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 67 COG Course Over Ground ETA Estimated time of arrival to the active waypoint TTG Time To Go VMG Velocity made good toward active waypoint XTE Cross track error SOA Speed of Approach toward active waypoint CTS Course to steer STR Steering Press the NAV softkey from any screen to view a NAV screen Press the NAV softkey again as necessary to display either the NAV 1 or NAV 2 screen Pressing MNU displays the popup SAVE POS menu Use the UPDOWN ARROWs CREATE WPT to highlight CUSTOMIZE and press ROUTE MENU ENTER The popup menu CONTRAST disappears and the display returns to CUSTOMIZE the previously viewed NAV screen SYS MODENAV 1 Screen When the popup menu disappears and the display returns to the NAV 1 screen the first field is highlighted The first default is BRG but another option may appear if you have previously customized the fields Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to select the field to edit and the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the various options After you have selected an option press the UP DOWN ARROWs to move to the next field where you scroll through the list of options again using the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs When you have finished selecting all of the options you wish to include in the NAV 1 screen display press ENTER to exit and save the selections68 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator NAV 2 Screen When the popup menu disappears and the display returns to the NAV 2 screen the first default field heading BRG is highlighted Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to select the field to edit and the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the various options After you have selected an option press the UPDOWN ARROWs to move to the next field where you scroll through the list of options again using the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs When you have finished selecting all of the options you wish to include in the NAV 2 screen press ENTER to exit and save the selections PLOT Screens Three graphical screens can be accessed from the softkey corresponding to PLOT the PLOT screen the ROAD screen and the POINTER screen You may scroll through these three screens by pressing the PLOT softkey repeatedly once you have accessed one of the PLOT screens or by using the UPDOWN ARROWs Viewing the POINTER Screen Access the POINTER screen by pressing the PLOT softkey two or three times if necessary This screen graphically displays the TO destination waypoint of the current leg if there is an active route or GOTO and the bearing and distance to that waypoint An arrow inside the arc points toward the destination of the active leg shown as a waypoint iconMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 69 Current GP S 119P Current Time Destination TO JETTY N Destination Cardinal Icon Heading COG Indicator Bearing to BRG DST E n Distance to Destination 0 2 8m 1 3 5m Destination NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Bearing Indicator Displayed only if receiver is moving The destination icon disappears if it extends past the displayed arc is behind youViewing the PLOT Screen This screen plots your route on the display using the arrow icon to display your relative position on the route Your track is also displayed allowing you to follow your movement in relation to the course Press the PLOT softkey as necessary to access the PLOT screen If many of the waypoints you have created are contained in the current display range the screen may take several seconds to redraw GP S 2 d 226P n Current Time BRGT 202 Om FD ISST H 192 m Distance to Bearing to N Destination Destination Destination Icon Present n 1m Intended Course Position NAV PLOT GOTO AUX The PLOT screen displays the bearing and distance to a destination waypoint if there is an active route or GOTO70 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Changing the Plotter Scale While in the PLOT screen press the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to adjust the scale The plot scale is shown at the bottom right corner of the screen Using PAN N SCAN The PLOT screen is equipped with a PAN N SCAN feature that allows you to access waypoint information by positioning the cursor over the waypoint From the PLOT screen press MNU SAVE POS to access the popup menu You CREATE WPT will notice that this menu is ROUTE MENU different from the popup menu CONTRAST accessed from other screens in that PAN N SCAN it has an additional feature PAN N SYS MODE SCAN Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight PAN N SCAN and press ENTER GP 2 The PAN N SCAN screen is similar S d 226P TN PA ONF SI C SAHN to the PLOT screen however a B R G 202 m n D S T 192 m vertical and horizontal line cross to N form a cursor The bearing BRG and distance DST from your present position to the cursor are n 1m NAV PLOT GOTO AUX displayed at the top of the screen GP 2 Use the UPDOWN and LEFT S d 226P TO DOCK RIGHT ARROWs to move the B R G 202 m n D S T 192 m cursor anywhere on the screen or to N scroll off the screen to view portions of the active route not currently shown on the screen n 1m NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 71 When the cursor covers a waypoint icon on the screen the title bar displays the name of that waypoint and the bearing and distance to the waypoint from your present a GOTO Using PAN N SCAN When the cursor is on an icon and the waypoint information is displayed press ENTER GP A popup menu will appear with S 2 d 226P TO DOCK the options GOTO or ESCAPE B R G 202 m n D S T 192 m Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to N CREATE WPT highlight GOTO and press G O0 TO ENTER This will activate an 0 0 0 0 0n M immediate GOTO route to the n 1m NAV PLOT GOTO AUX specified destination To exit the PAN N SCAN screen press ENTER when no waypoint is covered by the cursor The display returns to the PLOT screenClearing Plotter Track As you use your receiver more you may soon notice the PLOT screen becoming cluttered with the graphic display of your past movement track You can erase the track display with the CLEAR MENU option in the AUXILIARY MENU Press the AUX softkey and use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight CLEAR MENU Press ENTER and use the UP DOWN ARROWs to highlight TRACK and press ENTER You will be asked to confirm that you want to erase the track history If you change your mind press any other key to leave the track as it is To erase track history press the YES softkey72 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Viewing the ROAD Screen Access the ROAD screen by pressing the PLOT softkey two or three times if necessary This is the navigation CDI screen As with the preceding screen the bearing and distance to the leg destination are displayed This screen depicts the course you should be on as the center line and position relative to the course the arrow icon Any waypoints that would appear on or near this courseline are displayed as they come into range Current GP S 426P Current Time Destination TO DOCK n BRG028m DST135 m Distance to Bearing to Destination Destination Destination Icon Cross Track n 40m Scale Error NAV PLOT GOTO AUX When a route is active you can adjust the CDI scale by pressing the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs shown in the bottom left corner of the screen Waypoints Saving a Position Fix as a Waypoint During normal operation your receiver continuously computes your position and displays that information on the POSITION screen Quite often you will want to store the position data for later use This stored fix is referred to as a waypoint An obvious use would be to store the position where you are now with a unique name That way if you were to go to a new location you could use your receiver to guide you back to your current GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 73 From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight SAVE POS and press ENTER Using either the UPDOWN ARROWs or the ALPHANUMERIC KEYS assign an icon and name to your position and press ENTERReceiver Generated Waypoint Name From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight SAVE POS and press ENTER You will then press the ENTER key again to confirm your entryUser Defined Waypoint Name From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d C 126P A P press MNU highlight SAVE POS SAVE POS and press ENTER This tells the 34 1100N receiver that you want to store the 119 4302W current position as a waypoint The 900 FT cursor is in the upper left corner of the display and the arrow icons at NAV PLOT GOTO AUX the top of the screen indicate that it is in the edit mode What you will do next is assign a name to this position The waypoint name can be created by the receiver or you can input a name that means something to you If you press ENTER without creating a name the receiver assigns a waypoint name Waypoint names assigned by the receiver appear in the format WPxxx where the xxx is a sequential number 001 002 etc with a pin icon in front alerting you that the waypoint is receiver generated74 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To allow the receiver to name the GP S 2 d C A P 141P waypoint press ENTER The SAVE POS WP001 following screen will appear briefly 34 1100N and then the receiver returns to the 119 4302W POSITION screen 900 FT 0154P02SEP97 or NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Use the ARROW KEYS or GP S 2 d C A P 154P ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to SAVE POS DOCK type in a waypoint name that 34 1100N describes the position being saved 119 4302W A waypoint name always starts 900 FT with an identifier icon and 1 to 5 0154P02SEP97 characters After assigning a name NAV PLOT GOTO AUX press ENTER This screen shown at right will appear briefly and then the receiver returns to the last viewed NAV or PLOT screen Creating a Waypoint This allows you to create and store a waypoint with a receiver generated name or userassigned name and allows you to assign the position coordinates From any NAV or PLOT screen press MNU highlight CREATE WPT and press ENTER The CREATE WPT screen appears Press ENTER to accept a name or use the ARROW KEYS or ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to assign a name of your choice and press ENTER The cursor moves to the first line of GP S 2 d C A P 154P the position You can either use the CREATE WPT DOCK ALPHANUMERIC KEYS to type 34 1100N in the coordinates or use the UP 119 4302W DOWN ARROWs to scroll 900 FT through the number list Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to move NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 75 the cursor If using LATLON coordinate system the UP DOWN ARROWs toggle between N and S Press ENTER to confirm and continue GP C Using the ALPHANUMERIC S 2 d A P 154P CREATE WPT KEYS or LEFTRIGHT and UP DOCK DOWN ARROWs you can change 34 1100N the second line of the position If 117 4302W using LATLON coordinate system 900 FT the UPDOWN ARROWs toggle between E and W Press ENTER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX to save the changes You may now assign the elevation If you do not know the elevation press ENTER to accept the displayed value In a few seconds the new waypoint is saved and the receiver returns to the NAV screen from which you the Waypoint Menu The WAYPOINT MENU contains up to 200 named waypoints displayed in two columns of four waypoints each and extending several pages GP 2 To access the WAYPOINT MENU S d 424P WPT MENU press the AUX softkey from any CREATE NAV or PLOT screen This brings POS you to the AUXILIARY MENU DOCK where you will use the UPDOWN WP001 ARROWs to highlight WAYPOINTS and press ENTER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX This will take you to the WPT MENU screen This is a listing of all the waypoints you have stored in your receiver76 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator As the number of waypoints in the library increases the WPT MENU screen will add a second column of four waypoint names to the right of the ones you have now and will continue to another page Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to move from column to column and the UPDOWN ARROWs to move up and down through the list When you reach the end of the page the cursor will automatically scroll to the next page Viewing a Waypoint GP 2 S d 153P While in any NAV or PLOT screen WPT MENU press the AUX softkey Using the CREATE UPDOWN ARROWs highlight POS WAYPOINTS and press ENTER DOCK WP001 Use the UPDOWN and LEFT RIGHT ARROWs to highlight the NAV PLOT GOTO AUX waypoint you wish to view and press ENTER to display the GP 2 154P WAYPOINT screen This screen S d WAYPOINT closely resembles the POSITION DOCK screen with the notable addition of 34 1100N the time and date the waypoint was 119 4302W saved Use the LEFT or RIGHT 9 0 0 F T WGS84 ARROW to display the 0154P02SEP97 NAV PLOT GOTO AUX WAYPOINT screen for adjacent waypoints in the list Continue pressing the LEFT or RIGHT ARROW to scroll through the entire list GP 2 127P The UPDOWN ARROWs give S d TO DOCK the bearing BRG and distance DST for the selected waypoint on the POINTER screen E BRG DST n 0 2 8m 1 3 5m NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 77Accessing the Waypoint Function Menu From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d 154P press the AUX softkey Use the WAYPOINT DEODC ITK UPDOWN ARROWs to select W P T 3P 4R 1O1J E0C0N WAYPOINTS and press ENTER SUN R I S E 119 4302W Select a waypoint from the list and D E9 L0 E0TFET W G S 8 4 press ENTER to access the 0 1 5 4 P 0 2D S Y S M O SEEP97 WAYPOINT screen then press NAV PLOT GOTO AUX MNU to access a menu of a Waypoint This enables you to rename a waypoint optional and to change the coordinate values for the waypoint From any NAV or PLOT screen press the AUX softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to select WAYPOINTS and press ENTER Select a waypoint from the list and press ENTER to access the WAYPOINT screen Press MNU to access the function menu highlight EDIT and press ENTER Changing the name of the waypoint is the first option Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to move the cursor and the UP DOWN ARROWs to select the characters After changing the waypoint name or if there are no changes to the waypoint name press ENTER Make changes to the position using the UPDOWN ARROWs to scroll through the number list and the LEFT RIGHT ARROWs to move left and right Press ENTER to accept the changes After all changes are made to the position and elevation press ENTER In a few seconds the changes will be saved and the receiver returns you to the WAYPOINT screen of the edited waypoint Any name or coordinate changes that you made while editing have been saved replacing the former name andor coordinates78 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator If you attempt t edit a waypoint contained in a route a warning message will appear WARNING WPT USED IN A ROUTE ENTER TO CONTINUE You must first delete the waypoint from the route or delete the route before modifying the waypoint Projecting a Waypoint This function allows you to project a waypoint which means to create a waypoint at a certain distance and bearing from an existing waypoint From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 1242P d press the AUX softkey Use the WPT PROJECT UPDOWN ARROWs to select FROM DOCK WAYPOINTS and press ENTER D I S T Select the waypoint in the list from BRG which you wish to project a new waypoint then press ENTER to NAV PLOT GOTO AUX access the WAYPOINT screen Press MNU to access the function menu highlight WPT PROJEC and press ENTER The WPT PROJECT screen appears with the FROM waypoint highlighted allowing you to choose which waypoint you will be projecting from Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the list of available stored waypoints from which to choose Press ENTER Use the UPDOWN and LEFT GP S 2 d A L T 1242P RIGHT ARROWs to key in the WPT PROJECT FROM DOCK distance at which you wish to n project the new waypoint When DIST 0 0 0 0m you have finished press ENTER to BRG confirm and continue NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 79 The cursor appears in the bearing GP S 2 d A L T 1252P field BRG Use the UPDOWN WPT PROJECT and LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to FROM DOCK n key in the bearing at which you DIST 0 1 3 5m wish to project the new waypoint BRG 0 0 0m When you have finished press ENTER to confirm NAV PLOT GOTO AUX The coordinates of the projected GP S 2 d 202P waypoint you have just created WPT PROJECT appear on the WPT PROJECT 34 0200N screen 118 4302W 899 FT NAV PLOT GOTO AUX GP C 2 To save these coordinates as a S d A P 122P DEFINE WPT waypoint press ENTER to access the DEFINE WPT screen Assign a 34 1100N name using the UPDOWN and 119 4302W LEFTRIGHT ARROWs then 900 FT press ENTER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX The projected waypoint is saved as a new waypoint and the display returns to the WAYPOINT screen from which you projected the new a Waypoint The DELETE function is used to permanently remove a waypoint from your receivers memory From any NAV or PLOT screen press the AUX softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to select WAYPOINTS and press ENTER Select the waypoint in the list you wish to delete then press ENTER to access the WAYPOINT screen Now press MNU to access the function menu highlight DELETE and press ENTER80 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The receiver will now give you one GP S 2 d 242P last chance to change your mind If WARNING you are sure press the YES DELETE DOCK softkey The waypoint is now erased and you are returned to the next waypoint in the list YES NO Waypoints that are currently used in a route cannot be deleted discussed in the next section The receiver will warn you if you attempt to do so Routes A route is a planned course of travel defined by a series of waypoints To create a route you must already have waypoints stored in the receivers memory These waypoints are then connected to form the segments or legs of the route A route may contain from one to fifteen legsMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 81Activating a GOTO Route The GOTO function enables you to create a simple oneleg route from your present position to a defined waypoint When a GOTO is active the title bar of the NAV1 NAV2 POINTER and ROAD screens displays TO Destination Waypoint and the screens display the corresponding navigation information From the MAIN MENU press the GP S 2 1203P d GPS softkey Press the GOTO GOTO MOB softkey use the UPDOWN BCKTRK ARROWs to highlight the desired ROUTE destination waypoint and press FISH DOCK ENTER The first four selections in the GOTO MENU allow you to NAV PLOT GOTO AUX activate a Man OverBoard MOB Backtrack BCKTRK to access the route menu to activate an existing route ROUTE or to activate a GOTO route with user defined coordinates MOB BCKTRK and COORD functions are discussed at the end of the this section It is also possible to activate a GOTO from the PAN N SCAN feature on the PLOT screen as described earlier The receiver has now activated a route from your present position to the destination waypoint you have just selected The last viewed NAV screen is now displayed If the receiver has not yet computed a position fix then the start of the GOTO may not represent your current position It will however correct the navigation information after a fix is acquired If a route GOTO or MOB is already active the new GOTO automatically replaces it and becomes the active route82 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Accessing the Route Menu The ROUTE MENU is used to create and view up to five single or multileg routes A popup menu allows you to activate deactivate or reverse a selected route edit or view the legs of the route or clear the route The ROUTE MENU can be accessed in three ways From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d 424P AUX MENU press the AUX softkey Use the ROUTE MENU UPDOWN ARROWs to select WAYPOINTS ROUTE MENU and press GPS SIMULATOR ENTER ODOMETER LAST FIXES CLEAR MENU NAV PLOT GOTO AUX or From any NAV or PLOT screen press MNU to access the popup menu SAVE POS CREATE WPT Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to ROUTE MENU select ROUTE MENU and press CONTRAST ENTER WPT PROJEC SYS MODE or Press the GOTO softkey highlight GP S 2 d 1203P ROUTE and press ENTER GOTO MOB BCKTRK ROUTE FISH DOCK NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 83Creating a MultiLeg Route This creates a route of 1 to 15 legs Each leg has a start and end waypoint Each end waypoint is the start waypoint for the following leg GP From any NAV or PLOT screen S 2 d 254P ROUTE MENU press the MNU key Use the UP 1 EMPTY DOWN ARROWs to highlight 2 EMPTY ROUTE MENU and press ENTER 3 EMPTY to access the ROUTE MENU Use 4 EMPTY the UPDOWN ARROWs to select 5 EMPTY an EMPTY route and press NAV PLOT GOTO AUX ENTER If there are no EMPTY routes in the ROUTE MENU you must clear a route before you can create a new one Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs GP S 2 d 252P to select the FROM waypoint This SET ROUTE is the starting position for this leg of LEG 01 FROM DOCK your route The default waypoint in the FROM field is the current TO position labeled as STRT1 with a block icon in front The 1 NAV PLOT GOTO AUX indicates that it is the START waypoint of Route 1 Press GP 2 S d 252P ENTER The highlight bar moves SET ROUTE down to the TO line Use the LEG 01 LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to change FROM DOCK the TO waypoint to be the TO FISH destination for this leg Note that the 1 6 7m 1 0 5n m screen displays the bearing and NAV PLOT GOTO AUX distance for this leg of the route Press ENTER to confirm the TO waypoint84 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The receiver automatically used the GP S 2 d 252P TO waypoint from the previous leg S E T R O U T E LEG 02 as the FROM waypoint for the next FROM FISH leg Continue to add legs to this route by using the LEFTRIGHT TO ARROWs changing the TO waypoint and ENTER to confirm NAV PLOT GOTO AUX The bearing and distance are updated as you scroll through the various TO waypoints When you have created as many legs of the route as desired simply press ENTER with the TO highlight blank The receiver will not accept a destination waypoint that is 01 distance units from the previous waypoint The display returns to the ROUTE MENU The new route is now the active route and can be viewed on the NAV and PLOT screens Activating and Deactivating a Route Only one MOB BACKTRACK COORD route or GOTO can be active in use at any time When you set an MOB GOTO or BACKTRACK route any multileg route that you were using is automatically deactivated and replaced with the route you just set Likewise creating a multileg route makes that route the current active route deactivating any other route From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the route you wish to activate or deactivate and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ACTIVATE or DEACTIVATE and press ENTERMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 85 If the route you selected is currently active DEACTIVATE will appear on the menu and pressing ENTER after highlighting that option will deactivate the route To return to the ROUTE MENU you will press the ESCAPE ESC key If the route is not active ACTIVATE will appear on the menu and pressing ENTER will activate the route and return you to the ROUTE MENUReversing a Route The REVERSE function allows you to take an existing route and reverse the order of waypoints in the route For example if you were to set a route that went from point A to point B and ended at point C REVERSE would change the route to go from point C to point B and ending at point A From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Highlight the route you want to reverse and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight REVERSE and press ENTER The route is reversed and the display returns to the ROUTE MENUViewing the Route Summary Edit Option The edit option displays a summary of the selected route including starting and ending waypoints number of legs and total distance It allows you to view insert delete and replace individual legs of a route as well as choose the leg on which you want to navigate by making this the current active leg From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d 252P press the MNU key Use the UP SUMMARY FROM DOCK DOWN ARROWs to highlight TO FISH ROUTE MENU and press 4 LEGS ENTER Use the UPDOWN TOTAL 105 n m ARROWs to highlight the route DIST you want to view and press NAV PLOT GOTO AUX ENTER Use the UPDOWN86 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator ARROWs to highlight EDIT and press ENTER The SUMMARY screen for the selected route is displayed Viewing the Legs of a Route This allows the legs of a route to be viewed It is also the entry point from which legs can be added removed or replaced To review the route by viewing GP S 2 d 332P each of the legs individually LEG 1 FROM DOCK starting from the SUMMARY TO FISH screen shown above press the UP 1 6 7m 105n m DOWN ARROWs stepping BRG DST through each leg of the route and back to the route summary NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Inserting a Leg in a Route You can insert a leg in a route by inserting a waypoint between the starting and ending waypoints of an existing leg thereby dividing it into two legs From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d 424P press the MNU key Use the UP EDIT LEG 1 ADD LEG DOWN ARROWs to highlight INSERT ROUTE MENU and press DELETE ENTER Highlight the route to be REPLACE NAVIGATE edited and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight NAV PLOT GOTO AUX EDIT and press ENTER Use the GP S 2 d 252P UPDOWN ARROWS to select INSERT LEG 1 the leg you want to edit and press FROM DOCK ENTER In the EDIT LEG menu TO FISH highlight INSERT and press 1 6 7m 105n m BRG DST ENTER A highlight bar appears for you to select the new TO NAV PLOT GOTO AUX waypoint for this legMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 87 Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the waypoint list to the waypoint you wish to use as the destination for this new intermediate leg and press ENTER The new leg has now been added The FROM waypoint did not change but the TO waypoint is now the one you just entered The receiver has updated the bearing and distance for this leg and displays it on the screen Press the DOWN ARROW The following leg has also been changed The following leg now starts from the waypoint you designated as the TO waypoint for the previous leg The new TO waypoint must have a distance greater than 01 distance units from the FROM waypoint the receiver will not insert a leg within 01 distance units but will return to the leg screen you were a Leg Another feature of editing a route is the ability to delete one of the legs From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Highlight the route to be edited and press ENTER Highlight EDIT and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to view the route leg to be deleted Press ENTER to access the EDIT LEG menu highlight DELETE and press ENTER The receiver gives you one last chance to change your mind Press ENTER to confirm The leg is removed from the route Press any function key to abort the process The new TO waypoint must be different from the old must have a distance greater than 01 distance units from the FROM waypoint the receiver will not insert a leg within 01 distance units but will return to the leg screen you were viewing88 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Adding a Leg You can add a leg to the end of the route in much the same way as you would insert a leg only this time you add a waypoint to extend the end of the route beyond the original destination From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Highlight the route to be edited press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight EDIT and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to view the last leg in the route Press ENTER to access the EDIT LEG menu select ADD LEG and press ENTER If ADD LEG does not appear as an option of the LEG EDIT menu you were not viewing the final leg of the route To add a leg to the end of a route you must be viewing the final leg when you access the LEG EDIT menu To add a leg to a route see Inserting a Leg in a Route GP 2 332P The ADD LEG screen appears with S d ADD LEG 4 the destination waypoint of the FROM DOCK route in the FROM field It is used TO FISH as the starting point of the final leg 1 6 7m 105n m you wish to create A highlight bar BRG DST appears for you to select the new NAV PLOT GOTO AUX TO waypoint for this leg Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the waypoint list to the waypoint you wish to use as the destination for this new final leg and press ENTER The new leg has now been added The receiver displays the bearing and distance for this new final legMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 89Replacing a Waypoint This allows the destination TO waypoint of a leg to be changed to a different waypoint GP 2 From any NAV or PLOT screen S 332P d REPLACE LEG 4 press the MNU key Use the UP FROM DOCK DOWN ARROWs to highlight TO FISH ROUTE MENU and press 1 6 7m 105n m ENTER Highlight the route to be BRG DST edited and press ENTER Use the NAV PLOT GOTO AUX UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight EDIT and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to view the leg to be modified Press ENTER to access the EDIT LEG menu select REPLACE and press ENTER A highlight bar appears for you to select the new TO waypoint for this leg replacing the existing one Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll to the waypoint you wish to use as the new destination for this leg of the route and press ENTER The new TO waypoint must have a distance greater than 01 distance units from the FROM waypoint the receiver will not insert a leg within 01 distance units but will return to the leg screen you were viewing The destination has now been changed The receiver has updated the bearing and distance for this leg and displays it on the screen Press the DOWN ARROW The following leg has also been changed and now starts from the waypoint you designated as the TO waypoint for the previous leg90 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Navigating Activating a Leg While navigating using the multileg route one leg of the route is said to be active This is the leg that is currently being used to provide navigational information It is sometimes desirable to activate a different leg thereby changing the destination that you are navigating towards From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Highlight the route to be edited and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight EDIT and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to view the leg to be activated Press ENTER to access the EDIT LEG menu select NAVIGATE and press ENTER The last viewed NAV or PLOT screen will appear displaying the new active leg If a route GOTO or MOB is already active the leg you choose to navigate automatically replaces it as the active leg Deleting a Route This operation permanently removes a route from the ROUTE MENU returning the route to the EMPTY status From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ROUTE MENU and press ENTER Highlight the route to be cleared and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight DELETE and press ENTER You will be prompted to confirm the deletion of the route by either pressing ENTER or the softkey corresponding to YES The route is now cleared from memory and you are brought back to the ROUTE MENUMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 91Creating an MOB Man OverBoard Route The MOB or Man OverBoard function causes the receiver to save the position that is current when the feature is accessed and creates a oneleg route back to that position From the MAIN MENU press the GPS softkey Press the GOTO softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight MOB and press ENTER The receiver has now accepted that position as the MOB designation and returns you to the last viewed NAV screen If you have already saved an MOB position the receiver will prompt you to replace the MOB position Press the softkey corresponding to YES to accept the new MOB The MOB position and MOB route information will be lost when the receiver is turned offCreating a Backtrack Route This creates a route using fixes in the Last Fix Buffer up to 16 of the most recent last fixes to create a route that backtracks the course you last took This way you could leave point A travel for some time set a backtrack route and the receiver would guide you back to point A following the same course you just took From the MAIN MENU press the GPS softkey Press the GOTO softkey use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight BCKTRK and press ENTER A backtrack is created in the first available routeLast Fix Buffer While you are taking position fixes your receiver can automatically save them The receiver will store position fixes in the last fix buffer at a rate you defined in SETUP under LAST FIX INTERVAL92 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Viewing a LAST FIX From any NAV or PLOT screen press the AUX softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight LAST FIXES and press ENTER The LAST FIX screen that appears exactly duplicates the screen you have already seen when viewing a waypoint Notice that the receiver has assigned a name that begins with a plus and is followed by a twodigit number This number will increase as the Last Fixes are being taken with the higher the number the older the fix The receiver will store a total of 16 Last Fixes Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to scroll through the other last fixes in the buffer Viewing the LAST FIX Trip Summary Screen This screen informs you that the summary you are about to view will cover the trip you made from the time the selected last fix was recorded to your present position POS or a different last fix From any NAV or PLOT screen GP S 2 d 154P press the softkey corresponding to LAST FIX LFX01 AUX Use the UPDOWN 34 1100 N ARROWs to highlight LAST 119 4302 W FIXES and press ENTER Use the 900 FT LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to select 0154P02SEP97 any Last Fix except LFX01 NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Press the UP ARROW to view the TRIP SUMMARY screen Use the GP S 2 d 254P LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to select TRIP SUMMARY any of the other fixes present in the FROM LFX03 0 1 5 4 P 0 2 S E P 9 7 last fix buffer that were taken after the one chosen as the FROM TO POS waypoint After scrolling to the fix 0 3 1 8 P 0 2 S E P 9 7 desired press UP ARROW for the NAV PLOT GOTO AUX Trip Summary for that routeMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 93 If you select LFX01 as the FROM waypoint you will not be given the opportunity to change the TO waypoint since there have been no other fixes saved since LFX01 was recorded A message SELECT OLDER STARTING FIX FOR TRIP appearsSetup Options Setup options allow you to customize your receiver to display information in the format that best suits your needsGPS the Receiver This option was discussed in more detail earlier but in general INITIALIZE allows you to input the approximate coordinates time and date for your present position if the unit has computed a position fix or if it has had its memory cleared This function should also be used any time the unit is moved more than 300 miles while turned OFF to help the unit acquire a fix faster To initialize your GSC 100 proceed 1026A MAIN MENU from the MAIN MENU using the ORBCOMM SATS softkey options listed along the 0 8 11 P T O 0 8 1 6 P bottom of the screen to the SETUP 0901P TO 0914P MENU by pressing the SETUP UNREAD MSGS 0 softkey QUEUED MSGS 0 MSGS GPS SETUP SATS Once in the SETUP MENU you 1026A SETUP will use the UPDOWN ARROW GENERAL SETUP to highlight GPS SETUP and press GPS SETUP ENTER ORBCOMM SETUP94 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The GPS SETUP MENU is now GP S 2 d 1028A displayed with the menu option GPS SETUP INITIALIZE INITIALIZE highlighted Press COORD SYSTEM ENTER Within the GPS SETUP ELEV MODE MENU there is an additional page V E L O C I T Y AV G SPEED UNITS of options that the user can access DIST UNITS by using the UPDOWN ARROWS to scroll A You are now at the L T 1030A INITIALIZE INITIALIZATION screen All four arrow directions will be utilized as 00 0000N 000 0000W depicted by the four way arrow icon at the top of the screen Also this screen becomes active in the ALT mode as the only entries to be made are numerical Use the same procedure as was used earlier in the GPS Initialization section After that has been completed continue to the next section Setting the Coordinate System The coordinate system you select will depend on the maps or charts that you are using with your receiver The default coordinate system is LATLON DEGMIN00 From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight COORD SYSTEM using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight coordinate system desired and press ENTERMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 95 If you select LATLON you will be asked to select one of three formats for displaying position coordinates DEGMIN00 DEG MIN000 or DEGMINSEC If you choose one of the first two options the display is in decimal format while the third option is based on 60 seconds in a minute Available Coordinate Systems LATLON IRISH GRID UTM SWISS GRID OSGB SWEDISH GRIDSetting the Elevation Mode In addition to position your receiver can compute your elevation when it is receiving signals from at least four satellites This is referred to as 3D Elevation Mode From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight ELEV MODE using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight the mode desired and press ENTER When there are only three satellites in view the receiver can only compute a twodimensional fix In this case the receiver will display the last computed elevation or the elevation that you manually entered in INITIALIZE This elevation mode is referred to as 2D the default setting You may select either elevation mode in this SETUP feature If you select the 2D elevation mode you will be prompted to input the elevation If you are unsure of the elevation you can press ENTER to accept the previously used elevation If you select the 3D elevation mode the receiver will calculate elevation whenever signals are being received from at least four satellites When fewer satellites are being tracked the receiver will default to 2D and display the 2D icon at the top of the screen96 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Setting Velocity Averaging As you are traveling with your unit on you may notice fluctuations in the velocity displayed Velocity is susceptible to Selective Availability and velocity averaging will minimize this effect by displaying an averaged speed measurement You have three options to choose from OFF no averaging would be used where you require rapid updates of velocity 20 SECONDS would be selected where rapid updates of velocity are not essential generally at fairly low velocities or 60 SECONDS where immediate velocity information is relatively unimportant such as a long journey at a constant speed The default is OFF To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight VELOCITY AVG using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Setting Speed Units SPEED UNITS allows you to select the unit of measure for speed measurements You may choose from KNOTS MILESHR or KMHR The default is KNOTS Press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UP DOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight SPEED UNITS using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Setting Distance Units DIST UNITS Distance Units allows you to select the unit of measure that distances will be displayed in You may choose from NM nautical miles ST MILES statute miles or KM kilometers The default setting is NMMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 97 To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight DIST UNITS using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTERSetting Elevation Units ELEV UNITS Elevation Units is the same as DIST UNITS but this time you will select the unit of measure that will be used to display your elevation in You may choose from METERS or FEET The default setting is FEET To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight ELEV UNITS using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTERSetting North Reference This sets the north reference of the displays to TRUE or MAGNETIC The default North reference is MAGNETIC To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight NORTH REF using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTERSelecting Map Datum Depending upon which map or chart you are using you may need to change the Map Datum that the receiver will use The datum required will be printed on the map or chart The most common is WGS84 which is also the default Map Datum98 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight MAP DATUM using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Selecting Waypoint Sort WPT SORT allows you to classify the waypoints stored in the user waypoint catalog in alphabetical order or according to their proximity to the present position with the closest listed first You may choose from ALPHABETICAL NEAREST or ICON The default setting is ALPHABETICAL To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight WPT SORT using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Selecting the Last Fix Interval This function allows you to set the rate that positions are automatically saved to the last fix buffer The default is 10 minutes To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight LFIX INTERVAL using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Plot Setup PLOT SETUP allows you to adjust the track orientation and track history on the PLOT screen For TRACK you may select OFF 01 05 10 or 50 The default track setting is 10 For ORIENTATION you may select HEADING UP or NORTH UP The default setting is HEADING UPMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 99 From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GPS SETUP and press ENTER Highlight PLOT SETUP using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to select the ORIENTATION desired and then use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to select the TRACK setting desired Press ENTER to accept your selections General Setup Selecting Time Format Your Magellan receiver can display time in one of three formats local 24hour military local 12hour AMPM or UT Universal Time or Zulu The default Time Display is LOCAL AMPM To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight TIME FORMAT using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER If the receiver does not have a computed position fix the receiver displays a warning to alert you that an initial time has not been set to INITIALIZE After inputting an initial time you may change the format that time is displayed in Setting the Light Timer Since using the light in the unit uses up power at a quicker pace this feature allows you to set the light timer to turn the units light off at a certain time to help conserve power There are six settings for the light timer OFF 15 SECONDS 30 SECONDS 1 MINUTE 2 MINUTES and 3 MINUTES100 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator To set the light timer press the LIGHT key From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight LIGHT TIMER using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Sampling Sampling causes the receiver to turn itself ON at userspecified intervals compute a position fix store the fix in the last fix buffer and then turn itself OFF Sampling is also used to sendreceive GlobalGrams at userspecified intervals and then turn itself OFF The default setting is OFF To access sampling press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight SAMPLING using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight OFF GPS ONLY or GPS AND MSGS and press ENTER If you choose GPS ONLY or GPS AND MSGS use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight the setting desired and press ENTER To use the sampling feature to compute position fixes only you would choose the setting GPS ONLY To use it to compute position fixes and to sendreceive GlobalGrams you would choose GPS AND MSGS In order to use Sampling the receivers antenna must remain fully visible to the sky If the antenna is blocked so that the receiver cannot acquire sufficient satellites the receiver will be unable to compute a position fix or sendreceive GlobalGrams and the receiver will remain ON until the obstruction is removed When Sampling is ON a warning message appears on the POWER DOWN screen to remind you that you have Sampling ON Sampling will continue until it is turned OFF or until the battery warning is GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 101 When the unit is turned ON again a message will appear requiring you to confirm whether you want SAMPLING ON or OFF Select ON or OFF using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Setting NMEA Port and Baud Rate NMEA is the communication STANDARD for electronic marine navigation equipment Your receiver outputs position and navigation information in the NMEA 0183 format to support navigation aids such as autopilots To use NMEA your receiver must be connected to the NMEA device with the PowerData Cable and the device you are using must accept the proper 0183 format Your GPS receiver must be on and computing fixes before NMEA information will be output through the data port To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight NMEA PORT using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight the setting desired and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight baud rate desired and press ENTER NMEA does not work while the unit is in ORBCOMM MODE Therefore if you are using NMEA to control an autopilot it is recommended that the GPS MODE be selected Keep in mind that in order to support the NMEA device your receiver must be operating continuously and Sampling should be disengaged To prevent outages due to low batteries external power is recommended102 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Selecting RS232 Port and Baud Rate BAUD RATE allows you to select the appropriate baud rate for your external equipment Check the documentation of your external equipment You may choose from 9600 19200 57600 or 115200 The default setting is 9600 To access this feature press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight RS232 PORT using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ON and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight baud rate desired and press ENTER Selecting Clear Menu The CLEAR MENU option allows you to clear selected portions of memory while keeping all other pertinent data intact To clear the menu press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight CLEAR MENU using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight MESSAGES ADDRESSES LAST FIXES TRACK WPTSRTS or ALL and press ENTER You are now given the chance to confirm your entry If you wish to continue press the YES softkey or ENTER If you do not wish to CLEAR press the NO softkey Contrast CONTRAST allows you to adjust the contrast level of the display to allow you to select the best contrast level for the particular lighting condition you are in Following are the three ways to alter the contrast level of the display on the GSC 100Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 103 To set the contrast press the SETUP softkey from MAIN MENU Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight CONTRAST using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to adjust the contrast and press ENTER From any NAV or PLOT screen press the MNU key Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight CONTRAST and press ENTER Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to adjust the contrast and press ENTER From the MAIN MENU press the MNU key Using the UP DOWN ARROWs highlight CONTRAST and press ENTER Use the LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to adjust the contrast and press ENTER104 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Additional Features Viewing ORBCOMM SAT STATUS Screen This screen displays the ORBCOMM satellites by their location using azimuth and elevation data and showing their signal strength using an energy bar located on the left side of the screen The dot moving within the circles represents the satellite being tracked with your location designated by the dot in the center of the two circles From the MAIN MENU press the OR B 417P SATS softkey You are now at the ORBCOMM SATS 7 A Z m N ORBCOMM SATS screen showing 2 4 EL I D the location of the ORBCOMM satellite being utilized as well as its azimuth and elevation On the left side of the screen is a signal 1 2 CLOCK GPS strength bar showing that satellites strength The more the bar is filled the better transmission you are getting Also below the satellite Satellite Being strength bar is both the closed Tracked Satellite ID User Location envelope and mailbox with the icon OR in the up position icons Next to B 417P ORBCOMM SATS these icons will be a number 7A Z m N 2 showing how many unread 4 EL I D GlobalGrams you have and how many GlobalGrams have been sent to the MAILBOX for transmission As you receive and send 1 2 CLOCK GPS GlobalGrams these numbers will change When there is no Satellite Strength Bar Satellite Track ORBCOMM satellite in view this Messages Messages screen lists the time of the next Received To Be Sent passMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 105 There is an additional screen OR B 420P accessed from the ORBCOMM ORBCOMM SATS RISE SET ID SATS screen By pressing the 0105P0115P 1 DOWN ARROW on your keypad 2 9m A 8 6m Z 9 A Z EL you are brought to the ORBCOMM 0425P0440P 2 SATELLITE SCHEDULE screen 2 6m A 9 2m Z 7 A Z EL showing the schedule of the next CLOCK GPS several satellite passes including elevation azimuth data and the Azimuth at the Azimuth at the Maximum elevation satellite id and elevation Within beginning of end of satellite during satellite pass satellite pass pass this screen you can use the UP DOWN ARROWs to scroll through the available schedule Abrupt changes of greater than 10 minutes or 100 km cause the unit to recompute the ORBCOMM satellite schedule Viewing GPS SAT STATUS Screen This screen displays the satellites by their signal strength and their position in the sky relative to your location An asterisk indicates that the unit is not locked on to that particular satellite When lock is achieved the will be replaced by the signal strength of the satellite Signal strength will range from 0 to 9 with 9 representing better signal strength From the MAIN MENU press the GP S 2 d 257P SATS softkey which brings you to GPS SATS EPE the ORBCOMM SATS screen and N 2 108 FT then press the GPS softkey You 4 will then be at the GPS SATS 9 screen The center dot on the bulls 9 2 eye is your present position The ORB CLOCK center ring is approximately 45 above the horizon and the outer ring is the horizon106 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Viewing the Odometer The Odometer feature displays the ODOMETER screen which keeps track of total distance traveled as well as trip distance similar to the odometer in an automobile To view the odometer press the GP S 2 d 242P GPS softkey from the MAIN ODOMETER ODOMETER MENU and then press the AUX 0 0 0 0 0 0n m softkey Use the UPDOWN TRIP ODOMETER ARROWs to highlight ODOMETER and press ENTER 0 0 0 0n m You are now at the ODOMETER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX screen Resetting the Odometer andor Trip Odometer From the ODOMETER screen GP S 2 d 242P press MNU A popup menu will ODOMETER R ES E T TR IP ODOMETER appear with the options to RESET R0ES0E0T0OD 0OM0nM TRIP RESET ODOM or SYS S YS MOD E TRIP ODOMETER MODE Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight which 0 0 0 0n m odometer you wish to reset and NAV PLOT GOTO AUX press ENTER This will reset the odometer of choice and bring you back to the ODOMETER screen Viewing the Clock The Clock option will display the current date and time in the time format selected during setup From the MAIN MENU press the SATS softkey and then press the CLOCK softkey You are now at the CLOCK screenMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 107 Viewing the SUNMOON Screen This screen will display the time of sunrise and sunset for the chosen waypoint It also graphically displays the lunar cycle of the moon After accessing the GPS screens by pressing the GPS softkey from the MAIN MENU press the AUX softkey Using the UP DOWN ARROWs highlight WAYPOINTS and press ENTER Highlight the waypoint in the list which you wish to view sunrise information and press ENTER Press the MNU key and use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight SUNRISE and press ENTER GP A The first step in viewing the solar S 2 d L T 1052A DOCK and lunar information is to enter the 27AUG97 date for which you want the SUN information Use the UPDOWN SUN and LEFTRIGHT ARROWs to MOON set the date and press ENTER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX The receiver will compute the sunrise sunset and lunar cycle for the waypoint chosen on the date you entered GPS Simulator The simulator mode causes the receiver to create a fictitious route from your location to two newly created waypoints You will find the Simulator very handy when you want to review or practice using your receiver at home In the simulate mode you can watch the receiver simulate movement and observe how the different navigational screens respond To activate the GPS Simulator press the SETUP softkey from the MAIN MENU and using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Within the GENERAL SETUP MENU use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight GPS SIMULATOR and press ENTER You will108 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator then be prompted to press ENTER to continue This will return you to the GENERAL SETUP MENU To view the NAV screens showing the simulation access the MAIN MENU and press the GPS softkey Using the simulator changes the current position When the simulator is turned off the unit will need to compute a new fix ORBCOMM Demo This feature allows you to run a demonstration of the capabilities associated with the messaging functions available As with the GPS simulator this option simulates the functionality of ORBCOMM operations and allows you to see what an incoming and outgoing GlobalGram will look like in the units MESSAGE LIST Using this feature will aid you in sending and receiving messages using your GSC 100 From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER From the GENERAL SETUP MENU highlight ORBCOMM DEMO using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER You will then press the ENTER key again to confirm your desire to run the ORBCOMM DEMO Erasing Last Fixes ERASE LFIX will erase all of the waypoints in your Last Fix Buffer By doing this you will free up those fixes for future use From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER From the GENERAL SETUP MENU highlight CLEAR MENU using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Highlight LAST FIXES and press ENTER You will then be given an opportunity to confirm this action so press either the ENTER key or the YES softkey If you change your mind then press the NO softkey or any other key to exit without GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 109 Accessing the ABOUT Screen At various times you will need to know the software version number your GSC 100 is using as well as the serial number for your unit Use the following steps to access this information in the ABOUT screen From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight ABOUT using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER to access the ABOUT screen Erasing Track from the Plotter Screen As you use your receiver more you may soon notice the PLOT screen becoming cluttered with the graphic display of your past movement track You can erase the track display with the CLEAR TRACK option From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight CLEAR MENU and press ENTER Using the UPDOWN ARROWs highlight TRACK and press ENTER You will then be asked to either press ENTER or the YES softkey to confirm that you want to erase the track history If you change your mind press the NO softkey or any other function key to leave the track unchanged Erase All Waypoints from Waypoint List CLEAR WAYPOINTS will erase all of the waypoints in your waypoint list If routes currently exist clearing waypoints requires that all routes be cleared and a message will be displayed See Clearing Routes From the MAIN MENU press the SETUP softkey Using the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight CLEAR MENU and press ENTER Highlight WPTSRTS using the UPDOWN ARROWs and110 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator press ENTER You will be instructed to press either the ENTER key or the YES softkey to erase the waypoints If you change your mind press the NO softkey or any other function key to leave the waypoints intact Clearing Receiver Memory Clear Memory will erase all of your receivers memory including resetting all of the Setup features to their default values To clear memory access the MAIN MENU and press the SETUP softkey Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight GENERAL SETUP and press ENTER Highlight CLEAR MENU using the UPDOWN ARROWs and press ENTER Use the UPDOWN ARROWs to highlight ALL and press ENTER Either press the softkey corresponding to YES or ENTER to confirm the CLEAR MENU command If you change your mind press the NO softkey or any function key to escape Performing a Hardware Reset If your GSC 100 unit locks up will not respond to any key presses you may need to perform a hardware reset A hardware reset clears the units memory and resets all of the setup parameters to their default values When conducting a hardware reset all data in the unit will be lost with the exception of your speed dial addresses which are kept on file at the GCC you designated This includes all addresses and messages stored in the unit To perform a hardware reset simultaneously press the CAPS ALT and POWER keysMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 111ICONS The top row of the display has been reserved for displaying icons that assist you in determining the operating status of the GSC 100 Arrow Key Provides a visual indication as to which arrow keys are active for the displayed screen There are different combinations of keys as shown Battery Charging Alerts the user that the receiver is connected to external power and the battery is charging Battery Warning The battery is low and needs to be re charged or replaced Poor GQ Alert The geometric quality GQ of the satellite is poor Try to move away from any large obstructions that may be blocking reception of satellite signals 2 d 2D Displayed when the unit is calculating a two dimensional position fix using three satellites eg latitude and longitude 3 d 3D Displayed when the unit is calculating a three dimensional position fix using four satellites eg latitude longitude and elevation D Differential Indicates that the receiver is utilizing DGPS to compute position fixes Requires an additional Differential Beacon receiver to utilize DGPS Light Displayed when the LCD backlight has been turned on with the LIGHT key The backlight will cause the batteries to deplete much quicker and should be used only when needed Old Data The receiver has not updated position fixes for more than 15 seconds112 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator C A P CAPS Appears when the keypad is active and capital letters are being used A L T ALT Appears when the keypad is active and the ALT function is being used This signifies that the alternate character mode is active and the characters listed in the upper right corner of the alphanumeric keys are now being utilized S Simulator Indicates that the receiver is in GPS simulation mode The simulator will stay active until the unit is turned off Envelope Appears in the status bar along the top of the screen when you have unread messages in the MESSAGE LIST This icon is also shown next to the actual messages in the MESSAGE LIST alerting you that this message is unread Open Envelope This icon appears next to messages that you have already opened and read Satellite Appears in the status bar when ORBCOMM satellites are in view It appears during the times that the satellites are visible as listed on the ORBCOMM satellite schedule Double Arrow When you are outdoors transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite you will see this icon appear in the status bar It alerts you that the unit is in communication with a satellite and your available message option is STANDARD Broken Double Arrow Appears in the status bar when your unit is transmitting to an ORBCOMM satellite but that satellite is not transmitting to a Ground Earth Station It alerts you that your only available message option is STORE FWD Down Arrow Displayed while the unit is listening to an ORBCOMM satellite but not yet GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 113 Broken Down Arrow Displayed while the unit is listening to an ORBCOMM satellite but not transmitting and the only available GlobalGram type is STORE FWD Envelope and Check Appears after you execute the check message function and there are unread messages in the unit Check Appears after you have executed the check messages function It will disappear after the unit has checked for messages Mailbox with Flag Up Appears when there are messages present in the mailbox to be sent at the next satellite pass The flag on the side of the mailbox is in the UP position alerting you that mail is present Mailbox with Flag Down Appears next to email messages that have been sent Page Represents globalgrams that have been saved but have not been sent OR ORBCOMM Mode Displayed when the unit is operating B in the ORBCOMM mode GP S GPS Mode Displayed when the unit is operating in the GPS mode114 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite and Other Messages Following are various screens that will be displayed alerting you to the operating condition of your GSC 100 You have turned the unit ON after ATTENTION resetting it or after just purchasing it GPS UNINITIALIZED and the GPS mode has been PRESS ENTER TO uninitialized INITIALIZE OR Press the ENTER key and enter your ESCAPE TO coordinates Refer to the section on CONTINUE GPS Initialization Without initializing the unit will not be able to receive accurate positioning data used both in Navigation and ORBCOMM Satellite Scheduling GP 126P You have attempted to Save your S SAVE POS position using a waypoint identifier INVALID but havent assigned a name WAYPOINT Press ENTER assign a symbol and NAME PRESS ENTER enter a name for that waypoint and TO CONTINUE press ENTER NAV PLOT GOTO AUX GP 126P You have attempted to assign a S SAVE POS waypoint name that has already been DUPLICATE used Every waypoint must have a WAYPOINT unique name NAME Press ENTER and assign a different PRESS ENTER TO CONTINUE name to the waypoint NAV PLOT GOTO AUXMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 115 You have attempted to view the Last GP S 136P Fix List without having any fixes in LAST FIX the Last Fix Buffer NO FIXES Press the NAV softkey and position SAVED the receiver to collect satellite signals to compute a position fix The NAV PLOT GOTO AUX receiver will create a last fix after a position fix is computed and will continue to create a last fix every 10 minutes thereafter You have attempted to set a GOTO GP S 139P Backtrack without a sufficient number WARNING of last fixes to create a Backtrack MORE FIXES Position the receiver to collect NEEDED satellite signals to compute fixes The TO CONTINUE receiver will create a last fix after a NAV PLOT GOTO AUX position fix is computed and will continue to create a last fix every 10 minutes thereafter You have attempted to set a route GP S 126P without having saved any waypoints ATTENTION Enter one or more waypoints before ENTER attempting to set a route WAYPOINT TO CONTINUE NAV PLOT GOTO AUX116 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator You have tried to set a GOTO or GP S 426P Backtrack route without enough ATTENTION empty spaces in the waypoint list to CLEAR create the temporary waypoints that WAYPOINT GOTO and Backtracks require TO CONTINUE Access the WAYPOINT MENU by NAV PLOT GOTO AUX pressing the AUX softkey from any GPS screen select waypoints you no longer need and clear them from memory If you were trying to set a GOTO route you will need to clear only one waypoint for a Backtrack you may have to clear several waypoints to create enough space for the Backtrack temporary waypoints You have pressed the GOTO softkey GP S 139P before the unit has been initialized WARNING Initialize the receiver to continue POSITION FIX NEEDED TO CONTINUE You have attempted to send a message GP S 444P without entering any recipients in the ATTENTION TO screen MESSAGE HAS NO RECIPIENTS AND Press the YES softkey then the TO CANNOT BE SENT softkey Enter the recipients of this message and then press the SEND ADD RECIPIENTS YES NO GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 117 You have attempted to exit a message GP S 534P without saving it ATTENTION MESSAGE NOT SAVED Press the YES softkey to save the message to the MESSAGE LIST or press the NO softkey to exit without SAVED MESSAGE saving BEFORE EXITING YES NO C You are attempting to create a STORE OR B A P 132P FWD message TO PRESS ADBK Since you can only send these types of TO SELECT messages to speed dial addresses you RECIPIENT must access the ADDRESS BOOK and choose the speed dial address desired TEXT ADBK SAVE SEND You have accessed the messaging GP S 212P functions without having any NO MESSAGES messages inbound or outbound AVAILABLE Press the NEW softkey to create a PRESS NEW message TO CREATE NAV PLOT GOTO AUX OR You have changed the PREFERRED B 1034A GCC ID designation PREFERRED GCC PRESS ENT TO Press ENTER to accept the new ID ACTIVATE GCC ID and your unit will reboot Pressing SYSTEM WILL ESC will cancel the action and return REBOOT you to the previously viewed screen ESC TO CANCEL118 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite The following is a brief guide to some of the problems that might be encountered while using a GPS satellite receiver or ORBCOMM and what you can do to correct them GPS Receiver will not turn ON 1 Check to see if the battery pack is installed correctly 2 Replace the battery pack 3 If using external power make sure the connector is fastened tightly Receiver will not compute a position fix or is losing lock 1 Make sure that you have a clear and unobstructed view of the sky with the unit held away from your body and that your hand or other items are not blocking the antenna 2 Have you moved over 300 miles with the receiver off since your last position fix If so the receiver may need to be reinitialized 3 Check Sat Status to see where the satellites are and if the receiver is acquiring data 4 Check date and time on the POSITION screen Elevation jumps up and down 1 Errors induced by the Department of Defense called Selective Availability SA can cause the elevation values to fluctuate Old Data Icon is displayed and stays ON 1 Make sure that you have a clear and unobstructed view of the sky with the unit held away from your body and that your hand or other items are not blocking the GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 119 2 Check Sat Status to see where the satellites are and if the receiver is acquiring data Battery life seems shorter than it should be 1 Make sure that you are using the Magellan NiCad battery pack that was shipped with the unit 2 Shorter life span of the batteries can be due to excessive use of the backlight Turn the backlight off when not needed Position coordinates on your receiver do not match the location on your map 1 Make sure that your receiver is set up to use the same datum as your map The map datum is generally shown in the map legend See Setting the Map Datum in the Setup Options section of this manual for instructions on selecting the map datum in your receiver ORBCOMM The unit will not acquire any ORBCOMM satellites even though the unit shows theyre in view 1 Make sure that you have a clear and unobstructed view of the sky with the unit held away from your body and the antenna fully extended 2 Make sure that the unit is operating in either the AUTO mode or the ORBCOMM mode 3 Make sure that the unit has calculated a position fix and that the local time is displayed correctly If the unit has been initialized with the wrong local time offset then the unit will not reflect the correct ORBCOMM satellite schedule which will prompt the unit to search for satellites at the wrong times 4 If none of the above suggestions clear the problem put the unit in ORBCOMM mode to make sure that it operates all of the messaging functions first120 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The GlobalGram I sent did not get delivered to the specified recipient 1 Make sure that you are sending the correct type of message If you see the double arrow icon at the top of the screen then you send a STANDARD message but if you see a broken double arrow icon your message should be a STORE FWD 2 Make sure that the address you are sending your message to is the correct address for the intended recipient 3 It may take longer to deliver your GlobalGram if there is a lot of system traffic slowing down the network When entering data in the SUBJ or TEXT fields the cursor stops and wont allow any more entries 1 Keep in mind the limit on the number of recipients for each message as well as the limit on characters you can enter in the SUBJ and TEXT fields For a STANDARD message you can have seven 7 recipients primary and carbon copy combined a 229 character limit for the SUBJECT field and a 2000 character limit for the TEXT field A STORE FWD message has one recipient has to be a speed dial address with no SUBJECT and a 229 character limit in the TEXT field 2 Make sure that you have typed all your information in the correct fields Sometimes users start typing information in the wrong field without noticing the softkey prompts for each field The message I created was sent to the MAILBOX when I just wanted to SAVE it for editing at a later time 1 Make sure that the message was SAVED and not SENT when you were done with it To SAVE a message for later editing press the SAVE softkey when complete To SEND the message to the MAILBOX for transmission press the SEND softkey when GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 121 Not all of the messages that I had queued were sent 1 The number of globalgrams you can send per ORBCOMM satellite pass may vary Inbound messages are received before your outgoing GlobalGrams can be sent so if you have incoming messages there is a possibility that some of your outgoing messages might not get transmitted during this satellite pass The angle of elevation of the ORBCOMM satellite could create a shorter pass limiting the number of GlobalGrams transmitted If there are objects obstructing the view of the sky your messages might not get transmitted Make sure your GSC 100 has a clear view of the sky If the ORBCOMM network is busy handling a lot of messages then there could be a chance that your message doesnt get transmitted during the current pass 2 When your unit is checking for messages it may take longer to send messages that you have already queued If there are queued messages to be sent the number can vary 3 Make sure to check the icon next to the queued message If the flag on the mailbox is in the down position the message was sent If the flag is in the up position the message has not been sent None of the messages that I had queued were transmitted to the ORBCOMM satellite 1 Make sure the unit is operating in either the AUTO or ORBCOMM mode If the unit is operating in the GPS mode then the receiver is not listening for ORBCOMM satellites 2 Make sure that your unit has a clear view of the sky If there are obstructions blocking the view of the sky your unit may not transmit to ORBCOMM satellites 3 If your position coordinates are inaccurate off by more than 300 miles then the satellite pass schedule may be incorrect 4 If the time is incorrect by more than 15 minutes than the satellite pass schedule may be incorrect122 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 5 If this problem persists contact customer service Contacting Customer Service The previous list should allow you to solve most of the operating problems you are likely to encounter if the receiver still appears to be operating improperly there is one last resort Try clearing the receivers memory in the CLEAR MENU and reinitializing your receiver Be cautious before doing this as this will clear all the waypoints routes addresses and messages that you have input into the receiver If you are unable to solve your operation problems please call Magellans Customer Service at 800 7079971 are available Monday through Friday from 7 AM to 5 PM USA Pacific Standard Time Faxes can be sent to Customer Service at 909 3947050 You can email Magellan Technical Support at To contact ORBCOMM Customer Service you can call 800 ORBCOMM 6722666 To contact ORBCOMM via email use the following internet address If necessary you can also return your unit to Magellan for repair Please call for assistance first You must notify us before shipping the unit by Parcel Post or UPS and include with the unit a description of the problem and your name and address If your return shipping address is different please include it It is necessary to return the enclosed registration card in order to activate the warranty With all correspondence please be sure to state the model of the receiver you have and if calling please be sure to have your unit with you Packages should be sent to the following GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 123 Magellan Systems Corporation 960 Overland Court San Dimas CA 91773 Attn Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Data Messages Data Transfer Your GPS receiver can be set to output GPS data in the NMEA 0183 format to interface with other marine devices To output NMEA data the dataport must be turned on by selecting an output message format 0183A 0183B or 0183C from the NMEA Setup function NMEA Data Messages NMEA data is output at 4800 baud 8 N 1 checksum off These settings are acceptable to most equipment and software applications There are several NMEA output message sets each with a slightly different application Check the documentation for your external equipment to select the appropriate message set SET OUTPUTUSAGE 0183A BWC APA GLL VTG Remote displays version 1x marine autopilots 0183B RMC RMB navigation data for remote map etc 0183C APB GGA BWC GLL VTG Version 20 marine autopilot data and satellite data NMEA Message Definitions APA Autopilot cross track error direction to steer status of GPS route status destination landmark name and bearing from origin to destination old formatMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 125 APB Revised autopilot message contains all of the above plus heading to steer toward destination bearing from the present position to the destination magnetic or true BWC Range and bearing to a landmark GGA GPS position time fix quality number of satellites used HDOP Horizontal Dilution of Precision differential reference information and age GLL GPSderived latitude longitude and time of fix RMB Data status cross track error direction to steer origin destination landmark landmark location bearing to destination and velocity toward the destination RMC Time latitude longitude speed over ground course over ground and date VTG Track magnetic and true and groundspeed knots and KPH OUTPUT DATA FORMAT APA Autopilot Format A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 ORed Blink and SNR A valid V invalid 2 Cycle Lock A valid V invalid 35 Cross Track Sense L steer left R steer Right NMi Units 67 Arrival Circle Arrival Perpendicular crossing of the line which is perpendicular to the course line and which passes through the destination landmark126 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 89 Bearing dest LMK from origin LMK Magnetic 10 Dest LMK identifier APB Autopilot Sentence B 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 1 Status V LoranC Blink or SNR warning A general warning flag for other navigation systems when a reliable fix is not available 2 Status V LoranC cycle lock warning flag A OK or not used 3 Magnitude of XTE 4 Direction to steer L R 5 XTE units nautical miles 6 Status A arrival circle entered 7 Status A perpendicular passed at landmark 89 Bearing origin to destination MT 10 Destination landmark ID 1112 Bearing present position to destination Magnetic or True 1314 Heading to steer to destination landmark Magnetic or TrueMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 127 BWC To Selected Landmark Great Circle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 1 UTC of Bearing 23 Lat N or S of landmark 45 Long E or W of landmark 67 Bearing True 89 Bearing Magnetic 1011 Distance naut miles 12 Landmark identifier GGA Global Positioning System Fix Data 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1213 14 Mxxxxxxhh 1 UTC of Position 23 Latitude NS 45 Longitude EW 6 GPS Quality Indicator 0 fix not available or invalid 1 GPS Fix 2 Differential GPS Fix 7 Number of satellites in use 8 Horizontal dilution of precision 9 Antenna altitude abovebelow mean sea level 10 Units of antenna altitude 11 Geoidal separation difference between the WGS84 earth ellipsoid and128 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator mean sea level geoid mean sea level below ellipsoid 12 Units of geoidal separation meters 13 Age of Differntial GPS data Time in seconds since last SC104 Type 1 or 9 update null field when DGPS is not used 14 Differential reference station ID 00001023 GLL Geographic Position 1 2 3 4 5 12 Latitude NS 23 Longitude EW 4 UTC of position 6 Status A Data valid RMB Generic Navigation Information immediately follows RMC 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 13 14 A XX 1 Status A valid V invalid 23 XTE naut miles and direction to steer L or R If XTE exceeds 999 NM display 999 in field 2 4 Origin landmark ID 5 Destination landmark ID 67 Destination Landmark Latitude N or SMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 129 89 Destination Landmark Longitude E or W 10 Range naut miles present fix to destination landmark Great Circle If range exceeds 9999 nm display 9999 11 Bearing True Great Circle Present fix to dest landmark 12 Closing velocity to destination knots 13 Arrival ORed arrival circle and crossing of line which is perpendicular to the course line and which passes through the destination landmark 14 CHECKSUM Mandatory in this sentence RMC Transit Specific to be followed by RMB 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 Time UTC 2 Status A valid V invalid 34 Latitude at UTC time N or S 56 Longitude at UTC time E or W 7 Speed over ground knots 8 COG track degrees 9 Date DDMMYY 10 Variation degrees 11 Variation sense E or W 12 CHECKSUM Mandatory in this sentence130 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator VTG Actual Track and Ground Speed SOG 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 12 Track degrees True 34 Track degrees Magnetic 56 Speed knots 78 Speed kilometershour The formats listed are NMEA formats and Magellan receivers may not output all of the information listed for a particular format A complete copy of the NMEA specifications can be obtained from NMEA PO Box 3435 New Bern NC 285643435 919 GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 131Available DatumsDatum Full Name Datum Full NameWGS84 World Geodetic System IRELA Ireland 1965NAD27 North American 1927 KAUAI KauaiNAD83 North American 1983 KERTA Kertau 1948ADIND Adinda KKJ KKJ FinlandALASK Alaska LIBER Liberia 1964ARC50 Arc 1950 LUZON LuzonARC60 Arc 1960 MASSA MassawaASTRO Camp Area Astro MAUI MauiAUS66 Australian Geodetic 1966 MERCH MerchichAUS84 Australian Geodetic 1984 MINNA MinnaBOGOT Bogota Observatory MONTJBUKIT Bukit Rimpah NAHRW Nahrwan Saudi ArabiaCAMPO Campo Inchauspe OAHU OahuCANAD Canada OEGYP Old EgyptianCAPE Cape OHAWA Old HawaiinCARTH Carthage OMAN OmanCENAM Central America PITCA Pitcairn Astro 1967CHATH Chatham 1971 QATAR Qatar NationalCHUAA Chua Astro QORNO QornoqCORRE Corrego Alegre RT90 Rt90 SwedenCYPRU Cyprus SAM56 Provisional So Am 1956DJAKA Djakarta Batavia SAM69 South American 1969EGYPT Egypt SCHWA European 1950 All Europe SICIL SicilyEUR50 European 1950 W Europe SIERREUR79 European 1979 SWISSGANDA Gandajika Base TANAN Tananarive Geodetic Datum 1949 1925GHANA THAI Indian Thailand VietnamGRB36 Ordnance Survey of GB 1936 TIMBA TimbalaiGUAM Guam TOKYO TokyoGUNSG G SegaraGUNSR VOIROHAWAI Hawaii WGS72 World Geodetic SystemHERAT Herat North 1972HJORS Hjorsey 1955 YACAR YacareHUTZU Hutzushan ZANDE ZanderijINDIA Indian India NepalIRAN Iran132 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite GPS Performance Acquisition Times under optimal conditions Warm Start Approximately 20 seconds Cold Start Approximately 55 seconds Update Rate 1 second 2D typical Accuracy Position 49 feet 15 meters RMS with Selective Availability turned off Velocity 015 knots 014 mph Accuracy subject to degradation of 100m 2D RMS under the United States Department of Defense imposed Selective Availability Limits Speed 0 to 825 knots ORBCOMM Performance Data Rate 2400 bps Inbound 4800 bps Outbound Addressing X400 Internet Message Size Standard Globalgram 2000 Bytes Max Store Fwd 229 Bytes Max Frequencies Uplink 14800 15005 MHz Downlink 13700 13800 MHzMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 133 Physical Size 8 x 35 x 175 Weight 32 ounces Housing Splashproof construction Temp Range Operating 14F to 140F 10C to 60C Storage 40F to 167F 40C to 75C Antennas GPS Internal Patch ORBCOMM Telescoping Power Source 96 VDC Rechargeable NiCad Battery Pack 1030 VDC External Power Battery Life Up to 10 hours Current Drain 300350 mA 12V GPS 400 mA 12V ORBCOMM134 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Systems Positions are locations that are described in a unique way so that one location cannot be confused with another This is done by using a coordinate system to describe locations Your Magellan receiver has the ability to use any one of six different coordinates systems LATLON latitude and longitude UTM Universal Transverse Mercator OSGB Irish Grid Swiss Grid or Swedish Grid The one you select in SETUP will be determined by the maps and charts you use you would generally want the receiver to display position coordinates in the same system that is used by your maps LATLON Coordinate 00 00 W 115 System LATLON is the 42300 0N most commonly used coordinate system today It PR projects lines of latitude IM Longitu EM parallels and lines of ERID Latitude longitude meridians onto de IAN the earths surface Lines of 0 0 latitude are the equator and EQUATOR the horizontal lines that are parallel to it Lines of longitude are the vertical lines that are perpendicular to the equator and pass through the poles A position is described as being the intersection of a line of latitude and a line of longitude Specifically a position is up to 90 degrees north or south of the equator up to the poles which are 90N and 90S the equator is 0 latitude and up to 180 degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian which is 0 longitude The Prime Meridian passes through Greenwich England Parts of a degree are minutes there are 60 minutes written as 60 to a degree Minutes can alsoMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 135 be divided into smaller units Fractions of a minute can be expressed as decimals or as seconds There are 60 seconds to one minute written as 60 So a LatLon position coordinate can be expressed in two ways which your Magellan GPS receiver displays as 254750 or 254730 UTM Coordinate System Another commonly used coordinate system is UTM Universal Transverse Mercator which is generally found on landbased maps and quad sheets that are produced by government map providers On land you may find that UTM coordinates are easier to use than LatLon UTM coordinates are easy to use but since the model it is based on is somewhat abstract this section is a very simplified introduction to UTM Instead of projecting an imaginary grid of intersecting lines onto the globe UTM projects sections of the globe onto a flat surface Each of these sections is called a zone There are 60 zones to cover the entire earth between 84N and 80S polar areas are not described by UTM Each zone is 6 wide as projected from the earths center A UTM position is described by three elements the zone it is in the easting and the northing Eastings and northings measure how far into a zone a position is in meters Eastings are an east west measurement and correspond roughly to longitude Northings are a northsouth measurement and correspond to latitude This chart shows the position of Magellan Systems described in both LatLon and UTM coordinates LATLON UTM DEGMINMM DEGMINSEC 34 0658N 34 0635N 11 4 23 818 E 117 4956W 117 4934W 37 74 624 N136 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite 150 120 90 60 30 0 30 60 90 120 150 180 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 600 3000 Km 3000 Mi Scale at the EquatorNOTE The area described by the UTM coordinate system extends to 84N and to 80S Other Coordinate Systems OSGB coordinates are similar to UTMs but describe only Great Britain They must be used with the GBR36 datum This coordinate system cannot be used in any other part of the world The GSC 100 automatically selects the GBR36 datum when the OSGB coordinate system is selected in Setup While OSGB coordinates must be used with the GBR36 datum the GBR36 datum can be used with LATLON coordinates just be sure the map you are using uses both LAT LON and GBR36 If you select OSGBin the COORD SYS portion of the SETUP MENU be sure to change the map datum back to the one you will be using WGS84 is the default when changing to another coordinate system Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 137What is GPS GPS is a constellation of navigation satellites that orbit the earth The precise time and position information transmitted by these satellites is used by a GPS receiver to compute a position fix The system is now officially declared operational and provides continuous 24hour 3D position plus elevation coverage anywhere on the earth GPS was developed by the United States Department of Defense to provide consistent reliable navigation information that is unaffected by rough terrain and bad weather and is highly resistant to multipath errors and interference The DoD continues to administer and control the Global Positioning System Although GPS was developed as a military navigation system its civilian and commercial uses were recognized The satellites therefore transmit two codes a militaryonly encrypted code PPS and a civilianaccess Standard Positioning Service SPS code All commercial and consumer GPS receivers are SPS receivers How Does GPS Work Each GPS satellite transmits its precise location position and elevation and the start time of the transmission A GPS receiver acquires the signal then measures the interval between transmission and receipt of the signal to determine the distance between the receiver and the satellite this is138 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator ranging Once the receiver has computed range for at least three satellites its location on the surface of the earth can be determined Every satellite transmits two types of data almanac and ephemeris Almanac data is general information on the location and health of each satellite in the constellation Since it contains general information an almanac can be collected from any satellite A receiver with a current almanac in its memory knows where in the sky to look for satellites given its last known position and the time of day Ephemeris data is the precise satellite positioning information that is used for ranging Each satellite transmits its own ephemeris data Both almanac and ephemeris data are required for a GPS receiver to locate and acquire satellites quickly and compute a position fix Your Magellan receiver copies these messages automatically Accuracy GPS positioning with an SPS receiver that is intended for general use will produce an accuracy of 25 meters or better In fact SPS receivers have proven to be far more accurate than anyone anticipated DoD has decided that 25meter accuracy is a potential risk and has introduced Selective Availability SA to maintain a military advantage SA is a random error that is introduced to the SPS code ephemeris and timing data and reduces the accuracy of any SPS receiver The size of the error changes but rarely exceeds 100 meters The DoD civil GPS user policy is that GPS accuracy as affected by SA is sufficient for general navigation In an open environment it usually is Even with SA a GPS receiver will bring you within visual range of a destination or target and GPS remains the best available source of accurate reliable navigation and positioning GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 139 DGPS Differential GPS DGPS computes the size of the error and applies it to positioning information There are several ways to perform DGPS one of which is broadcast differential Broadcast differential uses GPS receivers at control sites to measure the range errors for all visible satellites and determines a correction for each satellite These corrections are broadcast in the RTCM SC104 format by a radio beacon at the control site to any differential beacon receiver that is within range of the signal The differential beacon receiver receives and demodulates the signal then relays it to the users GPS receiver The users GPS receiver applies the corrections to the positioning information it collects to compute differentially corrected position and navigation data This technique requires that your GPS receiver be connected to a compatible differential beacon receiver such as the Magellan DBRTM which is compatible will all Magellan receivers You must also be within range of a differential radio beacon140 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite is ORBCOMM System Description The ORBCOMM System uses LowEarth Orbit LEO satellites instead of terrestrial fixed site relay repeaters to provide complete worldwide coverage The system is capable of sending and receiving twoway alphanumeric packets similar to twoway paging or email The three main components of the ORBCOMM System are the space segment the constellation of satellites the ground segment gateways which include the Gateway Control Centers GCCs and Gateway Earth Stations GESs and the Network Control Center NCC located in the United States and subscriber communicators SCs handheld devices for personal messaging or fixed units for remote monitoring and tracking applications Frequency Allocation The ORBCOMM System uses 137138 MHz and 400 MHz frequencies for transmissions down to mobile or fixed data communications devices and 148150 MHz frequencies for transmissions up to the satellites These frequencies approved for use by LEO satellite systems at the World Administrative Radio Conference in February 1992 were allocated by the FCC to Little LEO mobile satellite services in January 1993 The FCC granted ORBCOMM a US commercial license in October 1994 Space Segment The space segment is an array of up to 36 small communication satellites in circular orbit 825 km above the Earth Twentyeight of the satellites are planned to be put in service by Q3 1998 with the remaining eight serving essentially as ground spares to be put into orbit when the system nears GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 141 The main function of ORBCOMMs satellites is to complete the link between the GSC 100 and the switching capability at the US NCC or a licensees GCC The satellites are orbiting packet routers ideally suited to grab small data packets from the GSC 100 and relay them through a tracking Earth station and then to a GCC Ground Segment The ground segment which has most of the intelligence of the ORBCOMM System is comprised of GCCs GESs and ORBCOMMs NCC which is located at ORBCOMMs headquarters in Dulles VA The NCC also serves as North Americas GCC Additionally within the US there are four GESs located in Arizona Georgia New York State and Washington State Gateway Control Center GCC Located in each country that is licensed to use the ORBCOMM System the GCC provides switching capabilities to link mobile SCs with customer systems via standard communications modes including X400 X25 leased line dialup modem public or private data networks and email networks including the Internet Interfaces to the GCC enable reliable efficient and cost effective integration of the ORBCOMM System into existing or new customer MIS systems Gateway Earth Station GES ORBCOMMs GESs link the ground segment with the space segment and will be in multiple locations worldwide The GESs provide the following functions Acquire and track satellites based on orbital information from the GCC142 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Transmit and receive transmissions from the satellites Transmit and receive transmissions from the GCC or NCC Monitor status of local GES Monitor the system level performance of the satellite connected to the GCC or NCC The GES is redundant and has two steerable highgain VHF antennas that track the satellites as they cross the sky The GES transmits to the satellite at a frequency centered at 14961 MHz at 567 kbps with a nominal power of 200 watts The GES receives 3 watt transmissions from the satellite at 137138 MHz range These up and downlink channels have a 50 KHz bandwidth Network Control Center NCC The NCC is responsible for managing the ORBCOMM network elements and the US gateways through telemetry monitoring system commanding and mission system analysis It provides network management of ORBCOMMs satellite constellation and is staffed seven days a week 24 hours a day by controllers What is the message process flow A message sent from a remote unit in the US either stationary or mobile is received at the satellite and relayed down to one of four US GESs that connects the ORBCOMM ground system with the satellites The GES then relays the message via satellite link or dedicated terrestrial line to the NCC The NCC routes the message to the final addressee via email dedicated telephone line or facsimile Messages originated outside the US are routed through GCCs in the same manner The message types are Outbound STANDARD Outbound STORE FWD Inbound STANDARD and INBOUND STORE FWDMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 143 Messages and data sent to a remote SC can be initiated from any computer using common email systems including the Internet ccMail and Microsoft Mail The NCC or GCC then transmits the information using ORBCOMMs global network144 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite to Get More Information There are many sources for more information on GPS and navigation The sources listed here are just a few of the books magazines and Internet addresses that deal with GPS Your local library is a good source for technical books on GPS and navigation GPS Information Center The GPS Information Center provides general information on the Global Positioning System and satellite status This center is operated by US Coast Guard for the Department of Transportation and was established to provide information and to serve as a point of contact for civilian GPS users Voice telephone recording for constellation status 703 3135907 Computer bulletin board 703 3135910 up to 14400 bps 8 data bits 1 stop bit no parity 24 hour operator 703 3135900 fax 703 3135920 The GPS Information Center can NOT answer questions regarding the GSC 100 Please contact Magellan Customer Service at 909 3945000 for questions or assistance with using your receiver A Comprehensive Guide to Land Navigation with GPS An excellent book written by Noel J Hotchkiss and published by Alexis Publishing ISBN No 0964127326 This book uses the Magellan GPS 4000 to discuss and describe land GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 145 with a GPS receiver The book is very easy to read and gets into detail the art of navigating with GPS Available from Navtech Seminars Newsgroups Internet Several USENET newsgroups have occasional postings related to GPS Some of the more popular newgroups for GPS are recboats scispace scispacenews GPS World Magazine Monthly magazine covering a wide variety of uses for GPS receivers Advanstar Communications 859 Willamette Street Eugene Oregon 97401 USA Phone 503 3431200 Subscriptions 800 3460085 x363 Other Books of Note B H Lichtenegger and J Collins 1994 Global Positioning System Theory and Practice 3rd Edition SpringerVerlag 326 pp Institute of Navigation The 1980 Global Positioning System Vol I The Institute of Navigation US 246 pp Institute of Navigation The 1984 Global Positioning System Vol II146 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The Institute of Navigation US 257 pp Institute of Navigation The 1986 Global Positioning System Vol III The Institute of Navigation US 293 pp Institute of Navigation The 1986 Global Positioning System Vol IV The Institute of Navigation US 378 pp Logsdon T 1992 Navstar Global Positioning System Van Nostrand Reinhold New York 249 pp These books and others not mentioned can be purchased from Navtech Book and Software Store a division of Navtech Seminars Inc They can be reached at 2775 S Quincy St 610 Arlington VA 222062204 USA Phone 800 6280885 703 9310500 Fax 703 9310503 ORBCOMM Information Information regarding ORBCOMM can be found at the following internet location GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator M Degrees Magnetic north T Degrees True north 2D Twodimensional 3D BRG Bearing CDI Course Deviation Indicator CLR CLEAR CTS Course To Steer DEG Degrees DST Distance FT Feet GCC Gateway Control Center GES Gateway Earth Station GPS Global Positioning System GQ Geometric Quality HDG Heading KM Kilometers KH Kilometers Per Hour KPH Kilometers Per Hour KT Knots LAT Latitude LFIX Last Fix LON Longitude M Meters MI Miles148 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator MIN Minutes MNU MENU MPH Miles Per Hour NAV NAVIGATE NM Nautical Mile PC Personal Computer SEC Seconds SPD Speed TTG Time To Go UTM Universal Transverse Mercator UT Universal Time VMG Velocity Made Good WPT Waypoint WPTxx waypoint name XTE Cross Track ErrorMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 149City Reference ChartAustralia SW Australia 345600 S 1383600 EAlice Springs N Terr Australia 234200 S 1335200 EApia W Samoa 134800 S 1714500 WAuckland New Zealand 365500 S 1744700 EBourail New Caledonia 213400 S 1652900 EBrisbane Queensland Australia 273000 S 1530000 ECanberra ACT Australia 351800 S 1490800 ECoober Pedy S Australia 285600 S 1344500 EDampier W Australia 204500 S 1164800 EDarwin N Terr Australia 122300 S 1304400 EDerby W Australia 171900 S 1233800 EHoniara Guadalcanal Solomon Is 92800 S 1595700 EIron Range Queensland Australia 123900 S 1431300 EMount Isa Queensland Australia 205000 S 1392900 ENadi Vitti Levu Fiji 174700 S 1772900 ENewman Mt WAustralia 232000 S 1193400 EOoldea S Australia 303000 S 1314500 EPerth W Australia 315800 S 1154900 EPort Moresby Papua New Guinea 93000 S 1470700 ERawlinna W Australia 310000 S 1252100 ETimaru New Zealand 442300 S 1711400 ETownsville Queensland Australia 191300 S 1464800 EAsiaBangalore India 125800 N 773500 EBangkok Thailand 134400 N 1003000 EBeijing China 395500 N 1162600 EBombay India 185600 N 725100 ECalcutta India 223000 N 882000 EColombo Sri Lanka 65500 N 795200 EDelhi India 284000 N 771400 EHanoi Vietnam 210100 N 1055200 EHarbin China 454500 N 1264100 EHo Chi Minh City Vietnam 104600 N 1064300 EHong Kong 221500 N 1141000 EIslambad Pakistan 334000 N 730800 EJakarta Indonesia 60800 S 1064500 EKagoshima Japan 313700 N 1303200 EKandla India 230300 N 701100 EKarachi Pakistan 245100 N 670200 EKathmandu Nepal 274200 N 851900 EKinabalu Malaysia 60300 S 1163200 EKota Malaysia 23300 N 1021000 EKuala Lumpur Malaysia 30800 N 1014200 EKunming China 250400 N 1024100 E150 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Indonesia 75900 S 1124500 EMandalay Burma 215700 N 960400 ENagpur India 211000 N 791200 EPadang Indonesia 61200 S 1202700 EPalu Indonesia 81900 S 1214400 EPinang Malaysia 53000 N 1002800 EPontianak Borneo 00500 S 1091600 ERangoon Burma 164700 N 961000 ESapporo Japan 430500 N 1412100 ESeoul S Korea 373000 N 1270000 EShanghai China 310600 N 1212200 ESorong Indonesia 05000 S 1311700 ESurakarta Indonesia 73200 S 1105000 ETanahmerah Indonesia 60800 S 1401800 ETaipei Taiwan 250500 N 1213200 EThimphu Bhutan 273200 N 894300 ETokyo Japan 354000 N 1394500 ETonhil Mongolia 461900 N 935400 EUlaanbaatar Mongolia 475400 N 1065200 Ermqi China 434300 N 873800 EWuhan China 303500 N 1141900 EXian China 341600 N 1085400 EYumen China 395400 N 974300 ECISAnadyr Russia 645000 N 1775000 EArkhangelsk Russia 643200 N 404000 EAshkhabad Turkmenistan 375800 N 582400 EBaku Azerbaijan 402200 N 495300 EBalkhash Kazakhstan 465000 N 745700 EBarnaul Russia 532100 N 834500 EChita Russia 520300 N 1133500 EGizhiga Russia 620000 N 1603400 EIgarka Russia 673100 N 863300 EInarigda Russia 631500 N 1074000 EKargasok Russia 590700 N 805800 EKhatanga Russia 715900 N 1023100 EKiev Ukraine 502500 N 303000 EKrasnodar Ukraine 450200 N 390000 EMagdagachi Russia 532700 N 1254400 EMoscow Russia 554500 N 374200 EOkhotsk Russia 592000 N 1431500 EPerm Russia 580100 N 561000 EPetropavlovsk Russia 545300 N 691300 ERiga Latvia 564000 N 1061000 ESaratov Russia 513000 N 455500 ETashkent Uzbekistan 411600 N 691300 ETulun Russia 543200 N 1003500 EVanino Russia 490500 N 1401400 EVladivostok Russia 430900 N 1315300 EVorkuta Russia 672700 N 640000 EYakutsk Russia 621000 N 1295000 EMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 151Middle EastAl Kuwayt Kuwait 292000 N 480000 EAr Riyad Saudi Arabia 243900 N 464600 EBaghdad Iraq 332000 N 442600 EBam Iran 365700 N 575600 EHalab Syria 361400 N 371000 EHerat Afghanistan 342000 N 621200 EJerusalem Israel 314700 N 351300 EKabul Afghanistan 343100 N 691200 EMashhad Iran 361600 N 593400 ENazw Oman 225600 N 573300 ESalalah Oman 170000 N 540400 ESan a Yemen 152400 N 441400 EShiraz Iran 293800 N 523400 ETabriz Iran 380500 N 461800 ETarim S Yemen 160800 N 485800 ETehran Iran 354000 N 512600 EAfricaAbidjan Ivory Coast 51900 N 40100 WAd Dakhla W Sahara 234300 N 155700 WAdis Abeba Ethiopia 90300 N 384200 EAlgiers Algeria 365000 N 30000 EAntananarivo Madagascar 185200 S 473000 EAsmera Ethiopia 152000 N 385800 EAswn Egypt 240500 N 325600 EBamako Mali 124000 N 75900 WBanghazi Libya 320700 N 200400 EBangui Central African Republic 42300 N 183700 EBeira Mozambique 194900 S 345200 ECairo Egypt 300300 N 311500 ECapetown South Africa 335600 S 182800 EDakar Senegal 144000 N 172700 WFs Morocco 340500 N 50000 WFreetown Sierra Leone 83000 N 131700 WHarare Zimbabwe 175000 S 310300 EKabwe Zambia 142900 S 282500 EKampala Uganda 01900 N 323500 EKano Nigeria 120000 N 83100 EKhartoum Sudan 153300 N 323200 EKinshasa Zaire 41800 S 151800 EKisangani Zaire 03300 N 251400 ELagos Nigeria 62700 N 32800 ELas Palmas Canary Islands 280800 N 152700 WLindi Tanzania 100000 S 394100 ELobito Angola 122000 S 133400 ELom Togo 61000 N 12100 ELubumbashi Zaire 114100 S 272900 ELderitz Namibia 263800 S 151000 ELusambo Zaire 45900 S 232600 EMaputo Mozambique 255800 S 323500 EMaseru Lesotho 291900 S 272900 EMbale Uganda 10400 N 341200 E152 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Somalia 20200 N 452100 EMonrovia Liberia 62000 N 104600 WMwanza Zaire 75100 S 264300 EN Djamena Chad 121000 N 145900 ENairobi Kenya 11700 S 365000 ENamibe Angola 151000 S 120900 ENouakchott Mauritania 180900 N 155800 WOuagadougou Burkina Faso 122000 N 14000 WPointe Noire Congo 44600 S 115300 EPort Elizabeth South Africa 335800 S 253600 ESabha Libya 270200 N 142600 ESerowe Botswana 222500 S 264400 ESidi Ifni Morocco 292400 N 101200 WToliara Madagascar 232000 S 434100 ETombouctou Mali 164900 N 25900 WTripoli Libya 325400 N 131100 ETsumeb Namibia 191300 S 174200 ETunis Tunisia 365000 N 101300 EWindhoek Namibia 223400 S 170600 EYaounde Cameroon 35100 N 113100 EZanzibar Zanzibar 61000 S 391200 EEuropeAthens Greece 380000 N 234400 EBarcelona Spain 412300 N 21100 EBern Switzerland 465700 N 72600 EBordeaux France 445000 N 03400 WBrno Czechoslovakia 491300 N 164000 EBucuresti Romania 442500 N 260700 EBudapest Hungary 473000 N 190300 ECork Ireland 515400 N 82800 WGdansk Poland 542200 N 184100 EGlasgow Scotland 555300 N 41500 WGodthb Greenland 641500 N 513500 WHamburg Germany 533300 N 100000 EIstanbul Turkey 410200 N 285700 ELondon England 513000 N 01000 WLongyearbyen Svalbard Norway 781200 N 154000 EMadrid Spain 402500 N 34300 WNapoli Italy 405000 N 141600 ENice France 434200 N 71600 ENuugaatsiaq Greenland 713000 N 530000 WOslo Norway 595600 N 104500 EParis France 485200 N 22000 EReykjavik Iceland 640900 N 215800 WScoresbysund Greenland 703000 N 220000 WStensele Sweden 650500 N 171000 EStockholm Sweden 592000 N 180500 EThule Greenland 763500 N 683000 WTorshavn Faeroes 620200 N 64700 WTrabzon Turkey 410000 N 394300 EVardo Finland 601600 N 202000 EMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 153The AmericasAlbany NY USA 424000 N 734900 WAlburquerque NM USA 350500 N 1063800 WAmarillo TX USA 351400 N 1015000 WAnchorage AK USA 611000 N 1500000 WAntofagasta Chile 234000 S 702300 WArequipa Peru 162500 S 713200 WAtlanta GA USA 334500 N 842300 WBarrow AK USA 711600 N 1565000 WBaton Rouge LA USA 303000 N 911000 WBelem Brazil 12700 S 482900 WBethel AK USA 604900 N 1614900 WBillings MT USA 454700 N 1083000 WBirmingham AL USA 333000 N 865500 WBismarck ND USA 465000 N 1004800 WBogot Colombia 43800 N 740500 WBoise ID USA 433800 N 1161200 WBoston MA USA 422000 N 710500 WBrasilia Brazil 154500 S 475700 WBuffalo NY USA 425200 N 785500 WCaracas Venezuela 103500 N 665600 WCasper WY USA 425000 N 1061800 WCayenne French Guiana 45500 N 522000 WCharlotte NC USA 350300 N 805000 WChicago IL USA 415000 N 874500 WChihuahua Mexico 284000 N 1060600 WChurchill Mannitoba Canada 584500 N 930000 WCleveland OH USA 413000 N 814100 WComodoro R Argentina 455000 S 673000 WCoppermine NW Terr Canada 674900 N 1151200 WCrdoba Veracruz Mexico 185500 N 965500 WCuiab Brazil 71500 S 582500 WDallas TX USA 324700 N 964800 WDenver CO USA 394500 N 1050000 WDes Moines Iowa USA 413500 N 933500 WDetroit MI USA 422300 N 830500 WDuluth MN USA 464500 N 921000 WFairbanks AL USA 645000 N 1475000 WFort McPherson NW Terr Canada 672900 N 1345000 WFort Providence NW Terr Canada 610300 N 1174000 WGeorgetown Guyana 64600 N 581000 WGrand Rapids MI USA 425700 N 864000 WGuadalajara Mexico 204000 N 1032000 WGuantnamo Mexico 200900 N 751400 WGuatemala Guatemala 143800 N 902200 WGuayaquil Equador 21300 S 795400 WHazelton BC Canada 551500 N 1273800 WHouston TX USA 294500 N 952500 WIlhus Brazil 145000 S 390600 WIndianapolis IN USA 394500 N 861000 WIquitos Peru 35100 S 731300 WJuneau AK USA 582000 N 1342000 WKansas City MO USA 390200 N 943300 WLa Habana Cuba 230800 N 822200 W154 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite City NFLD Canada 525600 N 665200 WLas Vegas NV USA 361000 N 1151000 WLima Peru 120600 S 770300 WLittle Rock AR USA 344200 N 921700 WLos Angeles CA USA 340000 N 1181500 WLouisville KY USA 381300 N 854800 WManagua Nicaragua 120600 N 861800 WManaus Brazil 30600 S 600000 WMerida Venezuela 82400 N 710800 WMiami FL USA 254500 N 801500 WMilwaukee WI USA 430300 N 875600 WMinneapolis MN USA 450000 N 931500 WMontevideo Uruguay 345500 S 561000 WNakina BC Canada 591200 N 1324800 WNashville TN USA 361000 N 865000 WNew York NY USA 404300 N 740100 WNorfolk VA USA 365400 N 761800 WOklahoma City OK USA 352800 N 973300 WOmaha NE USA 411500 N 960000 WPanama City Florida 301000 N 854100 WPanama City Panama 85700 N 793000 WPeace River Alberta Canada 561500 N 1171800 WPeoria IL USA 404300 N 893800 WPhoenix AZ USA 333000 N 1120300 WPittsburgh PA USA 402600 N 800000 WPortauPrince Haiti 183300 N 722000 WPortland OR USA 453200 N 1224000 WPorto Velho Brazil 84500 S 635400 WQubec Qubec Canada 465000 N 711500 WRapid City SD USA 440600 N 1031400 WRecife Brazil 80600 S 345300 WReno NV USA 393200 N 1194900 WRio de Janeiro Brazil 225300 S 431700 WSalt Lake City UT USA 404500 N 1115500 WSan Antonio TX USA 292500 N 983000 WSan Francisco CA USA 374500 N 1222700 WSan Juan Puerto Rico 182900 N 660800 WSantarm Brazil 22600 S 544100 WSo Paulo Brazil 233300 S 463900 WSaskatoon Saskatchewan Canada 521000 N 1064000 WSeattle WA USA 473500 N 1222000 WShreveport LA USA 323000 N 934600 WSioux Falls SD USA 433400 N 964200 WSpokane WA USA 474000 N 1172500 WSt Louis MO USA 384000 N 901500 WTampa FL USA 275800 N 823800 WTijuana Mexico 322900 N 1171000 WToronto Ontario Canada 434200 N 792500 WValparaiso Brazil 211600 S 505400 WVancouver BC Canada 491300 N 1230600 WVeracruz Mexico 191100 N 961000 WWashington DC USA 385500 N 770200 WWhitehorse Yukon Terr Canada 604100 N 1350800 WWichita KS USA 374300 N 972000 WMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 155Winnipeg Manitoba Canada 495300 N 971000 WPacific OceanAmerican Samoa 142000 S 1700000 WBaker I 01200 N 1762800 WEaster I 270500 S 1092000 WGambier I 231000 S 1350000 WHonolulu HA USA 211900 N 1575000 WHowland I 04800 N 1763800 WJarvis I 02300 S 1600200 WKanton I 25000 S 1714000 WLihue 215900 N 1592300 WPalmyra I 55200 N 1620500 WPitcairn I 250400 S 1300600 WSwains I 593000 S 10000 W156 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite External PowerDevices The GSC 100 comes with a data power extension cable shown below that connects your GSC 100 to the AC power cable for external power It also connects the RS232 software update cable for uploading software and connects to various accessories Data Power Extension Cable To connect to external power connect the screwlock sleeve shown above to the RS232Power port on the side of the GSC 100 Take the AC power adapter cable shown on the following page and snap it onto the available end of the data power extension cable Make sure that the connections are snug so as not to disconnect during use The AC power adapter cable is now ready to plug into external power Use care when connecting the cables so as not to damage the connectors and contacts Make sure the pins are correctly aligned before GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 157 AC Power Cable To connect the RS232 software update cable connect the screw lock sleeve on the data power extension cable shown on the previous page to the RS232Power port on the side of the GSC 100 Take the RS232 software update cable shown below and snap it onto the available end of the data power extension cable Make sure that the connections are snug so as not to disconnect during use The RS232 software update cable is now ready to connect to the 9pin serial port on your PC RS232 Software Update Cable158 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator The following accessories can be obtained from Magellan Systems Corporation or any dealer They connect to your GSC 100 through the data power extension cable DC Power Cigarette Lighter Adapter allows you to connect the unit to power using a cigarette lighter Power Data Adapter Cable allows access to serial port and NMEA interface for GPS operations and the RS232 data download cable that ships with the unit Additional Accessories The items listed below can be obtained from your local GSC 100 dealer Carrying Case External Antennas GPS ORBCOMM Swivel Mounting Bracket PC Software Kit DataCharger ModuleMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator Leg The segment of a route currently being The logical or Internet address is used to facilitate moving data between physical networks Identifier assigned to networks stations and other devices so that each device can be separately designated to receive and reply to messages Each host computer on the Internet has a unique addressAzimuth Angle The angle of the lineofsite vector projected on the horizontal plane measured clockwise from true NorthBacktrack Retraces the position fixes up to 21 stored automatically by the GSC 100 every 10 minutesBaud A measure of the speed of data transmission Baud and bit rate are the same for direct equipment eg via RS232 Baud and bit rate are not the same for modulated data links whether wire or radioBaud Rate Measure of data transmission speed expressed in bits per second or bpsBearing The compass direction from your position to a destination measured to the nearest degreeBit Binary Digit The smallest unit of information into which digital data can be subdivided and which a computer can hold Each bit has only two values one or zeroChannel Either a single frequency or a pair of radio frequencies used as a communication path160 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite A set of conditions or parameters that define track maintain and audit the structure of an item The term configuration can define the hardware components andor the software code and files that comprise a subsystem or A unique numeric or alphanumeric description of positionCourse The direction in degrees from the start landmark of a course line to its destinationCTS Course to steer The optimum direction the vessel should be steered in order to efficiently make headway back to the courseline while also proceeding toward the destination landmark It is a compromise course bearing that projects from your current position to a point on the courseline midway between a point perpendicular to your position and the current leg destination landmarkData Rate The maximum number of bits of information which can be transmitted per second as in a data transmission link typically expressed as megabits per second MbsDatum Refers to the theoretical mathematical model of the earths sea level surface Map makers may use a different model from which to chart their maps so position coordinates will differ from one datum to another The datum for the map you are using can be found in the legend of the mapDefault Setting A preset or initial value that is assumed to be the preferred or appropriate selection for most GPS A procedure of correction global positioning system GPS solutions to achieve improved position accuracy Differential GPS provides 2 to 5 meter position GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 161EMail Electronic Mail A method of file transfer and message sending among Distance above or below mean sea levelElevation Angle The angle between the line of sight vector and the horizontal planeEPE Estimated Position Error is the approximate error between 0 and X introduced in the ephemeris signal by the US Department of Defense for reasons of security This random error known as Selective Availability SA is not due to receiver error and is not significant enough to affect navigation for most The number of vibrations per second of an audio or radio signal Measured in hertz Hz kilohertz kHz or megahertz MHzGateway 1 Provides message processing and subscriber management for the defined service area 2 A package that runs on the open system OSI application layer and allows incompatible protocols to communicate includes X25 gateways 3 A relay at any layer above the network layerGateway The GCC acts as the Operations Center for allControl Gateway activities All communications must passCenter GCC through an ORBCOMM GCCGateway Interacts with the Network Management SystemData System and Network Data Server to exchange network status and system performance Used by the satellites to send traffic telemetry andDownlink network management packets to the Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite The GES provides between theEarth OMS and the satellite constellation The GESStationGES consists of medium gain tracking antennas RF and modem equipment and communications hardware to send and receive ORBCOMM data packets A single GES can communicate with multiple satellites within its main beamGateway The GMS provide management including supervision of the health and status ofSystemGMS various systems and equipment in the Gateway monitoring physical facilities that house the Gateway elements monitoring message processing flow and throughput monitoring status of links that connect the GES to GSS providing the interface between the Gateway and ORBCOMM NCCGateway Used by the NCCs to send traffic and commandsUplink to the Measures the probable accuracy of a position fixQuality based on the position of the satellites relative to each A single selfcontained packet sent or received by a subscriber communicator Standard and Store Fwd messages are considered globalgramsGO TO A single leg route with the present position being the start of the route and a defined landmark as the destination If the unit has been moved while turned off and has not yet acquired a new position fix the start of the GO TO will be the position fix last GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 163Heading The direction in which the GSC 100 is moving track or ground course May be different from the courseInternet A concatenation of many individual TCPIP networks into one single logical network all sharing a common addressing schemeLast Fix Position coordinates computed and stored automatically every 10 minutes in the Last Fix BufferLast Fix Buffer The list of the most recent last fixes automatically stored by the GSC 100Latitude The angular distance north or south of the equator measured by lines encircling the earth parallel to the equator in degrees from 0 to 90LATLON Coordinate system using latitude and longitude coordinates to define a position on the earthLeg Route A segment of a route that has a starting FROM landmark and a destination TO landmark A route may consist of 1 or more legs A route that is from landmark A to landmark B to landmark C to landmark D has three legs with the first being from landmark A to landmark BLongitude The angular distance east or west of the prime meridian Greenwich meridian as measured by lines perpendicular to the parallels and converging at the poles from 0 to 180Magnetic North The direction toward the north magnetic pole from the observers positionModem A that converts digital data into analog waveform signals for transmission along media that carry analog signals and converts received analog signals back into digital data for use by the computer164 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite The NCC houses the computer systems andControl Center personnel Gateway Operators responsible forNCC managing the Satellites and the US ORBCOMM Gateway and for supporting Licensees ORBCOMM 1 A system that sends and receives data and messages typically over a cable A network enables a group of computers to with each other share peripherals such as hard disks and printers and access remote hosts or other networks 2 A series of points interconnected by communication channels The switched telephone network consists of public telephone lines normally used for dialed telephone calls a private network is a configuration of communication channels reserved for the use of a sole customer A series of nodes connected by communications The ORBCOMM mobile wireless satellite communications system is a wide are packet switched twoway data system Communications to and from a mobile ORBCOMM subscriber to the Gateway is accomplished by use of a constellation of low Earth orbit satellitesOSGB A coordinate system describing only Great Britain similar to UTMs Used with GBR36 datumPin Code The OMS maintains a 4digit number Personal Identification Number PIN code for each SCPosition Fix Position coordinates as computed by the GSC 100Queue A line or list formed by items waiting for service such as tasks waiting to be performed stations waiting for connection or messages waiting for Temporarily storing packets until a task or resource can consume or route themMagellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 165Receiver A detector and electronic circuitry to change optical signals to electrical signalsReverse Route Reverses the order of landmarks in an existing routeSatellite Described by the number of satellites the of planes the altitude the inclination the spacing of the right ascension of ascending nodes of the planes and the relative phasing of the satellites between and within the A random error that is introduced by Department of Defense to the Standard Positioning Service SPS code ephemeris and timing data that reduces the accuracy of any SPS The size of the error changes but rarely exceeds 100 metersSerial Port A port in which each bit of information is brought inout on a single channel Serial ports are designated for devices that receive data one bit a t a timeStore Fwd Store Fwd messages are up to 229 user bytes per packet to be sent by the SC and 182 user bytes per packet to be Manages the configuration of each Sets up accounts for Gateway customer and configures activates and deactivates SCsServer managing the Satellites and the US ORBCOMM Gateway and for supporting Licensees ORBCOMM A device usually equipped with a keyboard and display capable of sending and receiving data over a communications link166 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite To Go The estimated time for the receiver to reach the destination from its current position based on the current VMGTrue North The direction to the geographical North Pole from an observers position The north direction on any geographical meridianTrack The actual path travelled may differ from the planned courseTrack History The track over a selected period of timeUT Universal Time formerly referred to as Greenwich Mean Time GMTUTM Universal Transverse Mercator UTM metric grid system used on most large and intermediate scale land topographic charts and mapsVMG Velocity Made Good The component of the velocity that is in the direction of the A location saved in the units memory which is obtained by entering data editing data calculating data or saving a current position Used to create routes2D Two Dimensional A 2D position is defined as latitude and longitude Altitude is assumed to be fixed2D GPS Mode A procedure for determining a 2D position using signals received from the best for only three available GPS satellites Altitude is assumed to be known and constant A 2D position solution will only be determined if signals from three or more satellites are available3D Three Dimensional A 3D position is defined as latitude longitude and GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 1673D GPS Mode A procedure for determining a 3D position using signals received from the best for only four available GPS satellites A 3D position solution will only be determined if signals from four or more satellites are available168 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite 148ABOUT Screen 110Accuracy 139Activation See Messaging Book 36 capturing an address 39 creating a new address 37 deleting an address 38 editing an address 38 selecting recipients from the address book 52 speed dial addresses 40 viewing an address 36Antenna 12 GPS 4 ORBCOMM Telescopic 4Auto Message Check 35AUTO Mode See System Modes AUTO modeBBacktrack 92Batteries 7 charging 8Baud Rate NMEA 102Baud Rate RS232 103CCity Reference Chart clear menu 103Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 169 clearing receiver memory 111 erasing all waypoints from waypoint list 110 erasing last fixes 109 erasing track from the plotter screen 110Contrast 103Coordinate Systems 135 setting 95Customer Service 123DDatums 132Distance Units 97EElevation Mode 96Elevation Units 98Erasing See PowerDevices 157 connecting ac power cable 158 connecting data power extension cable 157 connecting RS232 software update cable 158 dc power cigarette lighter adapter 159 power data adapter cable 159FFont Size 33GGateway Control Center GCC 142 setting the preferred GCC 32Gateway Earth Station GES 142Getting Started 4GlobalGrams 45 copying 57 creating 45170 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator deleting 61 editing 56 forwarding 59 inserting symbols and characters into GlobalGrams 53 replying to 58 requesting message check 20 41 sending a GlobalGram to a GSC 100 51 sending Standard GlobalGrams 18 47 sending Store Fwd GlobalGrams 49 Standard 45 Store Fwd 45 viewing created GlobalGrams 54 viewing received GlobalGrams 43Glossary 160GOTO activating 82 creating 25 creating with PAN N SCAN 72GPS Mode See System Modes GPS modeGPS Satellite Status Screen 106GPS System Description 138IIcons 112 GPS 64 Messaging ORBCOMM 42 waypoint designators GPS 9 94 ORBCOMM 31Inputting Data 27Inserting Symbols And Characters Into GlobalGrams 53Introduction 1Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 171LLast Fix last fix buffer 92 viewing 93 viewing the last fix trip summary screen 93Leg adding 89 deleting 88 inserting a leg in a route 87 navigating activating 91 viewing the legs of a route 87Light 27 setting timer 100MMailbox 55Main Menu 28ManOverBoard MOB 92Map Datum 98Message Check See GlobalGrams requesting message checkMessage Status 62Messaging Activation 3Messaging Operations 30Modes See System ModesMultiLeg Route See Routes creating a multileg routeNNAV Screens 65 customizing 67 NAV 1 screen 68 NAV 2 screen 69 NAV 1 screen 66 NAV 2 screen 66 plot screens 69172 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator changing the plotter scale 71 using PAN N SCAN 71 viewing the PLOT screen 70 viewing the POINTER screen 69 viewing the ROAD screen 73 viewing the POSITION screen 65Navigating 25Network Control Center NCC 143NMEA 125 setting NMEA port 102North Reference 98OOdometer resetting 107 resetting trip 107 viewing 107ORBCOMM Mode See System Modes ORBCOMM mode selecting 30ORBCOMM Satellite Status Screen 105ORBCOMM System Description 141PPacking List 2PAN N SCAN 71PLOT Screen See NAV Screens plot screens viewing the PLOT screenPLOT Screens See NAV Screens plot screensPlot Setup 99Plotter Scale 71POINTER Screen See NAV Screens plot screens viewing the POINTER screenPosition saving as a waypoint 73 saving with a name 74Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 173 saving with a usercreated name 74Position Fix taking first fix 21POSITION Screen See NAV Screens viewing the POSITION screenPower 9 turning OFF 9 27 turning ON 9 26Power Savings Mode Sampling 101RReceiver Description 4Reception See Signal 26Reset 111ROAD Screen See NAV Screens plot screens viewing the ROAD screenRoutes 81 accessing the route menu 83 activating a GOTO route 82 activating and deactivating 85 adding a leg 89 creating a backtrack route 92 creating a multileg route 84 deleting a leg 88 deleting a route 91 inserting a leg in a route 87 navigating activating a leg 91 replacing a waypoint 90 reversing 86 viewing the legs of a route 87 viewing the route summary edit 86SSampling 101174 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite GPS See GPS Satellite Status Status Screen ORBCOMM See ORBCOMM Satellite Status ScreenSerial Number 3 ABOUT screen 110Setup Menu 94Setup Options 94 contrast 103 default characters 33 display characters setting 34 font size 33 GCC selection 32 initializing the receiver 94 plot setup 99 sampling 101 selecting clear menu 103 selecting map datum 98 selecting RS232 port and baud rate 103 selecting the last fix interval 99 selecting time format 100 selecting waypoint sort 99 setting distance units 97 setting elevation units 98 setting NMEA port and baud rate 102 setting north reference 98 setting speed units 97 setting the coordinate system 95 setting the elevation mode 96 setting the light timer 100 setting velocity averaging 97Signal Reception 12Simulator GPS 108 ORBCOMM GSC 100 Global Satellite Communicator 175 GPS system 133 ORBCOMM system 133Speed Dial See Address Book speed dial addressesSpeed Units See Setup Options setting speed unitsSunMoon Screen 108Symbols 6 53System Modes 14 29 AUTO mode 14 29 GPS mode 14 29 ORBCOMM mode 14 29TTime Format 119UUTM Coordinate System 136VVelocity Averaging 97WWarning Messages 115Waypoints 73 accessing the waypoint function menu 78 accessing the waypoint menu 76 creating 75 deleting 80 editing 78 naming 74 projecting 79 replacing 90 saving 22 sort 99 viewing 77176 Magellan GSC 100 Global Satellite Systems Corporation Limited WarrantyAll Magellan GPS receivers are navigational aids and are not intended toreplace other methods of navigation The purchaser is advised to performcareful position charting and use good judgement Read the User Guidecarefully before using this product1 MAGELLAN SYSTEMS CORPORATION Systems Corporation warrants their GPS receiver andaccessories to be free of defects in material and workmanship for aperiod of one year from the date of original purchase This only to the original purchaser of this productIn the event of a defect Magellan Systems Corporation will at itsoption repair or replace the product with no charge to the purchaserfor parts or labor The repaired or replaced product will be warrantedfor ninety 90 days from the date of return shipment or for thebalance of the original warranty whichever is longer2 PURCHASERS Exclusive Remedy under this written warranty or anyimplied warranty shall be limited to the repair or replacement atMagellan Systems Corporations option of any defective part of thereceiver or accessories which are covered by this warranty Repairsunder this warranty shall only be made at an authorized Center3 PURCHASERS DUTIESTo obtain warranty service the purchaser must return the receiver oraccessories postpaid with proof of the date of original purchase andpurchasers return address to Magellan Authorized Service Centers Priorto returning your receiver the purchaser must first contact Magellan forreturn authorization4 LIMITATION OF IMPLIED as set forth in item 1 above all other expressed or including those of fitness for any particular purpose are hereby disclaimedSome states do not allow limitations on warranties so the above limitationmay not apply to you5 EXCLUSIONSThis warranty does not cover the following Installation Battery Pack excluding workmanship Finishes Defects resulting from installation Any damage due to accident resulting from inaccurate satellite transmissions Inaccurate transmissions can occur due to changes in the position health or geometry of a satellite Any damage due to shipping misuse negligence or tampering or improper use Servicing performed or attempted by anyone other than an authorized Magellan Service Center representative Modifications to the receiver which may be required due to any change in the Global Positioning System GPS Note All Magellan GPS receivers use GPS to obtain position velocity and time information GPS is operated by the US Government which is solely responsible for its accuracy and maintenance Certain conditions can cause inaccuracies which could require modifications to the receiver Examples of such conditions include but are not limited to changes in the GPS transmission Such modifications are not covered by this warranty Damage resulting from improper external of this product by anyone other than an Service Center representative will void this warranty6 EXCLUSION OF INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL Systems Corporation shall not be liable to purchaser or anyother person for any incidental special indirect or whatsoever including but not limited to lost profits from delay or loss of use loss of or damages arising out ofthe use or inability to use this product or breach of this warranty eventhough caused by negligence or other fault In no event will Corporation be responsible for such damages even ifMagellan Systems Corporation has been advised of the possibility ofsuch damagesSome states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental damages so the above limitation or exclusion may notapply to you7 MERGERThis written warranty is the complete final and exclusive Magellan Corporation and the purchaser with respect to thequality of performance of all the goods and any and all warranties This warranty sets forth all of regarding this productThis warranty gives you specific legal rights and you may also haveother rights which vary from state to state8 FOR PURCHASERS OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATESThis warranty gives you specific rights You may have otherrights which vary from province to province and contained in this limited warranty may not apply toyouIf you purchased this product outside of the United States this is governed by the laws of the State of California and shallbenefit Magellan Corporation its successors and assignsFor further information concerning this limited warranty please call orwrite Magellan Corporation 960 Overland Court San Dimas California 91773 Phone 909 3945000 FAX 909 3947050 email 960 Overland Court San Dimas CA 91773
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The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerous of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.