Friday, July1, 2022
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Winch Service Manual for

Story of how I got my Barient Model 28 apart

by Allen Edwards

It wasn't easy. I followed the directions in the service manual to some extent. It is fairly obvious with the exception that you do not take out the screw in the center spindle until after you get the bottom plate off. It is getting the bottom plate off that is so difficult. First, I made a fixture for my vice with some 2x4s. I had a round half cutout in one of them and clamped the winch in there. I had to rotate it so that my lever would not twist the winch. That will become obvious if you need to do it.

First, I soaked everything in WD-40, but next time I would use a true penetrating oil. Some people soak the entire winch in diesel oil overnight. That may be even better. Once that was done, I had to pry under the plate with a pry bar or a very large screwdriver. I found that heat from a propane torch was necessary to free it. I then carefully prayed on both sides noticing the progress. In my case, one of the lay shafts for the gears was stuck. The torch freed up one of the shafts but not the other. I took a brass drift punch and pounded that out by turning the winch over. I would pound the lay shaft slightly, turn the winch over, and pry on each end of the bottom plate. I was careful to make even progress. Eventually the end plate was free of the dowel pins and only held in by the lay shaft. I put a cardboard box under the works and pounded out the lay shaft. All the guts fell into the cardboard box. The rest went according to plan.

The lay shaft is now out of the main casting. In my case, one bearing surface was shot so I though I would switch the two shafts. I got a piece of 1 inch copper plumbing pipe to support the casting and pounded out the second shaft. After cleaning everything up, I had to get the shafts back in the main casting. I used my trusty bench vice as a press. I had to make a "U" that went around the hole for the lay shaft so that I could press it all the way in. I did not want to pound the lay shaft back in as I thought it might break the casting. If I had a real press, I think it would have been a good idea to press them out instead of pounding them but I don't and I do have this nice set of brass drift punches. I would not use a steel punch as I have mushroomed too many things over the years. That is why I have the brass drifts!

Good luck.

A year and a half later when it came time to service the winch again, it came right apart. I just got done taking this winch off the boat and replacing it with a Barient 22. Turns out that my Barient 28 was very old and has a gear ration that makes it have about the same mechanical advantage as the 22. It is big, heavy, doesn't have a cutout for a locking handle, and all the chrome was flaking off. Glad to be rid of it.

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