Sunday, December15, 2019
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Marine Weather and Tides
Town Line, NY

Version 3.4
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10/9/2019 Updated the Marine Zones.
9/4/2019 Fixed the weather maps due to NOAA moving them.
7/25/2019 New feature in the Airports section gives a link to 5 minute updates for data reports.
6/2/2019. Many thanks to a user for reporting an error on one of the Edit pages. The switch to PHP 7.2 caused many pages that previously worked to quit working. I fixed many but I still depend on users to report ones I missed. Please report errors HERE or send an email to me at L-36.com. Allen

Sunrise 7:37AMSunset 4:42PM Sunday December 15, 2019 2:06 PM EST (19:06 UTC) Moonrise 8:22PMMoonset 10:41AM Illumination 83% Phase: Waning Gibbous; Moon at 19 days in cycle
NOTE: Some of the data on this page has not been verified and should be used with that in mind. It may and occasionally will, be wrong. The tide reports are by xtide and are NOT FOR NAVIGATION.
Marine Forecasts
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LEZ020 Upper Niagara River And Buffalo Harbor- 344 Am Est Sun Dec 15 2019
.small craft advisory in effect through this evening...
Today..West winds 15 to 25 knots. A chance of snow showers early.
Tonight..West winds 15 to 20 knots becoming light and variable. Mostly cloudy.
Monday..Light and variable winds. Mostly cloudy.
Monday night..Light and variable winds. Snow likely overnight.
Tuesday..Northeast winds 5 to 15 knots becoming west. Snow likely during the day, then a chance of snow showers Tuesday night.
Wednesday..West winds 15 to 20 knots becoming northwest and diminishing to 5 to 10 knots. A chance of snow showers.
Thursday..Northwest winds less than 10 knots becoming southeast. Mostly cloudy. The water temperature off buffalo is 40 degrees.
LEZ020 Expires:201912151615;;811424 FZUS51 KBUF 150844 NSHBUF Nearshore Marine Forecast National Weather Service Buffalo NY 344 AM EST Sun Dec 15 2019 For waters within five nautical miles of shore Waves are the significant wave height - the average of the highest 1/3 of the wave spectrum. Occasional wave height is the average of the highest 1/10 of the wave spectrum. LEZ020-151615-


7 Day Forecast for Marine Location Near Town Line, NY
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location: 42.86, -78.6     debug


Area Discussion for - Buffalo, NY
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FXUS61 KBUF 151750 AFDBUF

Area Forecast Discussion National Weather Service Buffalo NY 1250 PM EST Sun Dec 15 2019

SYNOPSIS. Limited lake effect snow will continue east of Lakes Erie and Ontario this afternoon and tonight with minor additional accumulations. High pressure will build into the area and bring an end to the lake effect snow by Monday morning. Low pressure will then pass just south of the area late Monday night and Tuesday with periods of snow producing light accumulations for most of the area. Lake effect snow will develop again by Wednesday, with much colder air arriving for the middle of the week.

NEAR TERM /THROUGH MONDAY/. Strong low pressure moving northeast across eastern Quebec will allow cyclonic westerly flow to remain in place across the eastern Great Lakes through the rest of today. This will continue to support some limited lake response. By this evening weak high pressure will build over the eastern Great Lakes. This surface high and associated dry air and lowering inversion heights will force lake effect snow to diminish, but it may not end altogether.

Off Lake Erie .

A broad area of light lake effect snow showers will continue through mid afternoon, with a few narrower bands of moderate snow. This may produce another 1-2 inches locally across higher terrain where the moderate bands persist the longest. These snow showers will gradually diminish in coverage and intensity through the late afternoon and early evening as high pressure builds east across Lake Erie.

Latest mesoscale guidance suggests a weak band of snow showers may persist into the evening across Chautauqua County, and this may produce another inch or so of accumulation locally. Overnight boundary layer flow will become light, with any remaining lake effect snow showers focusing out over the lake in tea kettle fashion as land breeze circulations develop. If the lake snow survives the overnight a few snow showers may cross the Buffalo Metro area Monday morning as boundary layer flow briefly becomes southwesterly over Lake Erie. If this does occur, accumulations will be minimal.

Off Lake Ontario .

A decent band of lake effect snow showers continues to drift south across Oswego County early this afternoon. This band will continue to drift south and weaken through mid to late afternoon in response to slowly veering flow and drier air over Lake Ontario. Additional accumulations of 1-2 inches are possible where the band persists the longest.

Tonight the lake effect snow band will weaken as the airmass dries over Lake Ontario and inversion heights lower, but it will likely not dissipate entirely. A band of snow showers will continue mainly across northeast Wayne, northern Cayuga, and southern Oswego counties with an additional 1-2 inches in persistent snows. Farther west, a few snow showers may clip the south shore of the lake at times through the first half of tonight, with a local dusting possible along and north of Route 104 in Orleans and Monroe counties. The lake effect snow will end by around daybreak Monday as boundary layer flow becomes weak, and inversion heights continue to lower.

Outside of these main lake effect areas, the few remaining snow showers from Lake Huron will end by late afternoon as the airmass continues to dry. It will then be dry overnight between the weakening lake bands, with some partial clearing. Lows will drop into the upper teens to lower 20s in most locations, with some single digits possible east of Lake Ontario.

On Monday an initial, weak baroclinic wave will move from west to east along a stalled frontal zone stretching from the Ohio Valley to southern Pennsylvania. This feature will spread a period of mid level clouds across our region during the morning and midday, but any precipitation will stay well south of the NY/PA line through the evening. Once any lingering lake effect snow showers end early in the morning, the rest of the day will be dry. Expect highs in the mid 30s in most locations, with 20s limited to Lewis County.

SHORT TERM /MONDAY NIGHT THROUGH TUESDAY NIGHT/. Monday is trending to be dry across our region as the main baroclinic boundary and precipitation remains to our south, across the southern mid-Atlantic. Precipitation will spread across our region by Monday evening with a second wave of precipitation, with this activity associated with a nearing surface low, and strengthening front entrance region of an upper level jet aloft. Recent model guidance is not bringing a layer of warmer air aloft into our region, but rather maintain temperatures cold enough through the lower levels to maintain all snow. Expect light snow to spread across our region as broad synoptic lift increases with low level convergence within an inverted surface trough extending into our region from the south . and front right entrance region of a 190 knot 300 hPa jet develops over our region. The deeper moisture and greatest lift will be closer to the surface low that will pass to our south . and will have categorical PoPs to our south and east, while some of our northwest borders that will lie farthest from the surface low will have just high chance PoP for light snow Monday night.

Snow Monday night and into Tuesday will be on the minor side, with just an inch or two Monday night, and an additional 1 -3 inches Tuesday. As the inverted trough passes us Tuesday, precipitation will taper off from west to east behind its passage. Colder air will then flow over the Eastern Great Lakes later Tuesday and into Tuesday night, with temperatures at 850 hPa falling down to around -12 to -14C. This will result in lake effect snow forming, to the east of the Lakes. Winds may back enough ahead of another surface trough late Tuesday night to bring snows as far north as Buffalo, while to the east of Lake Ontario a long westerly fetch over Lake Ontario will primarily orient the band of lake effect snow Tuesday afternoon and night towards the Tug Hill. While inversion heights will rise to over 10K feet east of both Lakes, and low level lapse rates increase to over 8 C/km moisture will again be marginal for heavy lake effect snowbands to form. Also 850 hPa low does not really close off, but rather is just a passing upper level trough . which can lead to oscillating bands of snow. As a result, snow maximums east of both lakes may just end up low - mid advisory range.

LONG TERM /WEDNESDAY THROUGH SATURDAY/. A closed mid level low will track from the Great Lakes to the Northeast Wednesday. Surface low pressure is expected to track across southern Ontario and Quebec during this time. This will drag a cold front through western and north central NY. Guidance has been locked on that 850mb temperatures will fall to around -20C producing extreme lake induced instability mid-week. West-northwest flow will likely lead to lake effect snow east-southeast of the Lakes Wednesday into Wednesday night. The steepening lapse rates may also increase the risk of snow squalls Wednesday afternoon outside of lake bands.

While conditions look favorable for lake effect snow, this event also looks short-lived. A mid-level ridge will move into the region late Wednesday night into Thursday which will veer winds and cut off moisture. Drier weather expected late in the week while temperatures remain below normal.

AVIATION /18Z SUNDAY THROUGH FRIDAY/. Lake effect snow showers will continue east of the lakes through the rest of the afternoon, with a few narrow bands of moderate snow. VSBY will be IFR within the areas of lake effect snow, with a few snow showers briefly dropping VSBY blow 1SM. Off Lake Erie most of the snow showers will focus across the western Southern Tier, including KJHW. Off Lake Ontario, most of the snow showers will focus southeast of the lake from KFZY southwestward. Most, if not all of the lake effect snow showers should stay just north and east of KROC. CIGS will generally run MVFR in bands of lake effect snow showers, with VFR between the bands.

The snow showers will decrease in coverage and intensity through the evening, and then end altogether by Monday morning. Once the lake effect snow showers end, VFR will prevail Monday with a period of dry weather and some mid level clouds.

Outlook . Monday night . Light snow developing after 06Z with conditions deteriorating to IFR. Tuesday . IFR in light snow. Wednesday . IFR in lake effect snow east of the lakes, with VFR elsewhere. Thursday . IFR in lake effect snow showers southeast of the lakes, VFR elsewhere. Friday . VFR.

MARINE. A strong low will continue to move northeast through eastern Quebec. Gale force winds on Lake Ontario will continue through mid to late afternoon before diminishing. Small Craft Advisory conditions will then linger through late tonight as winds gradually diminish.

Light winds will return by Monday. Another period of stronger winds will develop late Tuesday night and Wednesday as a strong cold front crosses the region. This will bring the next round of Small Craft Advisory conditions to the eastern Great Lakes.

TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING. West gales on Lake Ontario through mid to late afternoon will produce significant wave action on the east half of the lake, and combine with high lake levels to increase the risk of lakeshore flooding. Wind direction is expected to be nearly due west for the duration of the strong winds, which will drive the higher risk of Lakeshore flooding to areas from about Fair Haven eastward where the shoreline is more perpendicular to a west wind. Farther west along the south shore of Lake Ontario, winds will be parallel to the shoreline.

BUF WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES. NY . Lakeshore Flood Warning until 10 PM EST this evening for NYZ005>007. MARINE . Small Craft Advisory until 7 PM EST this evening for LEZ020. Small Craft Advisory until 9 PM EST this evening for LEZ040-041. Small Craft Advisory until 7 PM EST this evening for LOZ030. Gale Warning until 7 PM EST this evening for LOZ043>045- 062>065. Small Craft Advisory until midnight EST tonight for LOZ042. Small Craft Advisory until 7 PM EST this evening for SLZ022-024.



SYNOPSIS . Hitchcock NEAR TERM . Hitchcock SHORT TERM . Thomas LONG TERM . HSK AVIATION . Hitchcock MARINE . Hitchcock TIDES/COASTAL FLOODING . Hitchcock


Weather Reporting Stations
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Stations Dist Age Wind Air TempWater Temp WavesPressureDewPt
BUFN6 - 9063020 - Buffalo, NY 15 mi54 min W 20 G 24 32°F 37°F1013.7 hPa12°F
PSTN6 - 9063028 - Sturgeon Point, NY 26 mi60 min 31°F 1013.9 hPa
NIAN6 - 9063012 - Niagara Intake, NY 27 mi60 min 32°F 1013.6 hPa
OLCN6 - Olcott Harbor, NY 34 mi66 min WNW 25 G 31 33°F 1013.5 hPa (+3.0)
DBLN6 - Dunkirk, NY 47 mi66 min W 27 G 33 33°F 1013.2 hPa (+2.7)

Wind History for Buffalo, NY
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Airport Reports
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AirportDistAgeWind ktVisibilitySky/WeatherTempDewPtHumidityPressure
Buffalo, Greater Buffalo International Airport, NY9 mi72 minW 16 G 2410.00 miMostly Cloudy34°F21°F61%1013.3 hPa

Link to 5 minute data for KBUF

Wind History from BUF (wind in knots)
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Last 24hrNW7NW10W12W13W11W12W14W13W13
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1 day agoS10S7S8S7SE4SE5SE4SE4S6E3SE4NE6N5N4NE4NE5NE6N5N7N7NW10N11NW11NW10
2 days agoS6S3SW3S4SE5E4S7CalmS7S9S12S10S11S11S9S10S11SE6S8S5S8S10S10S7

Tide / Current Tables for
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Tide / Current Tables for
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Weather Map
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GEOS Local Image of    EDIT
NOTE: East coast views moved to GEOS-16. They are experimental and not well supported by NOAA so they may not be correct so be warned. This change required redoing a large amount of the GOES code. If the image you are expecting is not showing, please let me know. You may need to use the EDIT function to update your location.
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Wind Forecast for Buffalo, NY (14,3,4,5)
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Ground Weather Radar Station Buffalo, NY
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The information on this web site has not been checked for accuracy. It is for entertainment purposes only and should be independently verified before using for any other reason. There are five sources. 1) Documents and manuals from a variety of sources. These have not been checked for accuracy and in many cases have not even been read by anyone associated with L-36.com. I have no idea of they are useful or accurate, I leave that to the reader. 2) Articles others have written and submitted. If you have questions on these, please contact the author. 3) Articles that represent my personal opinions. These are intended to promote thought and for entertainment. These are not intended to be fact, they are my opinions. 4) Small programs that generate result presented on a web page. Like any computer program, these may and in some cases do have errors. Almost all of these also make simplifying assumptions so they are not totally accurate even if there are no errors. Please verify all results. 5) Weather information is from numerious of sources and is presented automatically. It is not checked for accuracy either by anyone at L-36.com or by the source which is typically the US Government. See the NOAA web site for their disclaimer. Finally, tide and current data on this site is from 2007 and 2008 data bases, which may contain even older data. Changes in harbors due to building or dredging change tides and currents and for that reason many of the locations presented are no longer supported by newer data bases. For example, there is very little tidal current data in newer data bases so current data is likely wrong to some extent. This data is NOT FOR NAVIGATION. See the XTide disclaimer for details. In addition, tide and current are influenced by storms, river flow, and other factors beyond the ability of any predictive program.